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C A L E N J) A R 

S T A T E P A P E R S. 






1574 — 166 0, 








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Printed by 

Etee and SPOTTISWOOBE, Her Mnjestj's Printers 

For Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 


PUKKACE - - - - - - - - vii 

List OF Colonial Enthy Books. 160() IGss - - - xxxili 

Calf.xdau, Ei.iz.— Cai!. II. ----- 1 

Gexkkal Indkx ....... .'^oi 

EUIJATA ..-..--- .-)77 

P K EFA( E. 

The papers in the State Paper Office are arranged upon 
principles which are extremely simple. Derived from the 
offices of the Secretaries of State, they fall, almost as of 
course, into three great branches or divisions, corresponding 
with the offices whence they are transmitted. Those from 
the office of the Home Secretary constitute one principal 
division or series of volumes, technically termed the 
Domestic, with a subdivision for Ireland ; the papers from 
the office of the Foreign Secretary form a second or Foreign 
division or scries ; whilst those from the Colonial Office are 
arranged in a third division or series, named the Colonial. 
The present volume is a Calendar of the last-named series of 
papers only, from the year 1574, the date of the earliest 
paper, down to the year I66O. The period of time 
embraced, from Elizabeth to the restoration of Charles II., 
or nearlj' a century, will at once suggest that it must contain 
papers upon many topics of deep and general interest ; and, 
indeed, it may be said, that upon nearly every subject 
of moment in our colonial history, during that period, the 
student will find something to gratify his curiosity or reward 
his research in this great mine of historical treasure. The 
names of the several colonies, islands, or plantations in the 

Index * ;it once open up the coinprehensivcncs?! and interest 
of the contents of tin's volunie. Some ol' tliom seen here in 
their iiifaue}- have now risen into colonies ; they might almost 
be termed independent states of the very highest inr- 
portanee ; whilst others have combined into a mighty re- 
]nd)lic, whose power and iniluencc extend throughout the 

The history of New England and of Virginia, the 
parents of the northern and the southern States of America, 
is largely illustrated in this volume ; the first possession of 
Canada and its restitution to the French ; the settling of 
Bermudas or Somers Islands ; the first grants of Barbadoes, 
St. Christopher's, Antigua, Nevis, and other islands in the 
West Indies, of Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, will 
also be found, together with au account of the efforts of the 

* During til 

c- iM-rio," 

1 cnil.vrtccd l.y Ihe prc.^ 

rnt volume charters were 

j.n-aiiteil Ijy tlie 


fn.wn for srillr.n.nts ii 

1 \Ur li.llowing phices :— 

Acailia or Nova 

, Scotia. 


New Hampshire. 



New York. 

Amazon Eiver. 


Nova Scotia. 



Providence Island. 




Association or ' 


. Guinea. 




Riiode Island. 



St. Bartholomew. 

Lnn- ]>hmd. 

St. Brandon. 

Bcinuulas or .' 



St. Christoplier's. 



St. Eustache. 



St. Lucia. 

Cape Gratia dc 



St. Martin. 



St. Vincent. 

Darien, Bay of. 

Narragansetts Bay. 


Delaware Bay. 




New En-land. i.r.. N.'W 



Plynuiulh, !Ma^saelni- 



selts, Ciinnecli<'Uf. 



and New Haven. 

Trill i,la<l. 

Fernando de N 





grantees to colonize them; also a complete record of 
proceedings of the Company for the Bahamas, incorporated 
in 1629; and an account of the taking possession of 
Jamaica by the forces of the Commonwealth, and tlie 
means adopted to secure and render that island serviceable 
to England. 

Previous to the decision of the Master of the Rolls to 
have a Calendar of the Colonial papers prepared for publi- 
cation, upon the same principles as those already published 
of the Domestic series, the former were arranged uncU'r 
two distinct heads, viz., " America and West Indies," or 
the correspondence appertaining to the Colonial Office, and 
containing letters to and from the several Governors and 
the Secretary of State ; and " Board of Trade," being the 
correspondence with that department, and each colon v was 
arranged by itself chronologically. It has l)een found, 
however, more convenient for the simplification of a printed 
Calendar to alter this arrangement as regards the papers 
down to 1688, and to adopt one chronological arrangement 
of the whole ; at the same time all the papers relating to 
each particular colony may be seen at a glance by reference 
to the Index. 

The correspondence to 168S consists of 71 portfolios, to 
be hereafter bound in volumes; besides 109 entry books, 
which contain entries of letters sent to the colonies, of 
charters, commissions and instructions, minutes and pro- 
ceedings of the companies and proprietaries that in the 
first instance governed several of the colonies, journals of 
the Board of Trade, &c. 6cc. These have been arranged 
alphabetically as regards every colony to which they 

During this early period a separation of the Colonial 
from the Domestic or other series, and a classification of 
the former, upon the principles adopted in the corres- 
pondence of a later date, has been found to be extremely 

difficult. Papers received from or addressed to a Governor, 
commander, or other person in a colony or plantation are 
of course strictly Colonial, as well as those from the 
Secretary of State to and from a company of adventurers 
incorporated lor plantation purposes ; but when letters 
pass between the King and the Privy Council, Attorney 
General, or other officers resident in England, wholly 
relating to colonial subjects, the proper location is some- 
what difficult to decide. II' the principles above alluded 
to had been strictly carried out, this Calendar would have 
certainly been diminished one-half and historically speaking- 
have become comparatively useless as a Calendar of State 
Papers relating to the Colonies. Three of the many in- 
stances which occur throughout the volume will be sufficient 
to explain this circumstance very forcibl3% In 1621 will 
be found the " Answer of the Virginia Company to the re- 
" quest of the Walloons and French to plant in Virginia " 
(p. 26, No. 5.5). This paper is clearly Colonial. The 
request to which the above is an answer was, however, 
discovered in the French Correspondence (too late to be 
inserted in its proper order of date), because made to the 
Enghsh Ambassador in France ; yet surely it would be 
unwise to separate these two papers. Again, Secretary 
Calvert writes to Secretary Conway in May 1623 (p. 46 j, 
conveying the King's directions with respect to the election 
of new officers of the Virginia Company, and incloses a letter 
to the Treasurer of the same date. The letter has been 
placed in the Domestic, the inclosure in the Colonial series ; 
the same has also been done with a letter from Secretary 
Conway to Lord President Mandeville, and the answer 
(P- 49.) 

This has caused the necessity of a careful examination of 
more than .350 volumes and bundles of coi'respondence, 
and the result is, that upwards of 250 papers liavc been re- 
moved to the Colonial scries, and more than 800 abstracted 

from entry or other books already bound or calendared. 
Hence the frequent reference to papers in this Calendar 
neither numbered nor forming part of the " Colonial Papers." 

It will be seen that during the first thirty years here 
calendared, or down to the accession of James I., there 
are but ten papers. The reason is obvious ; with but one 
exception, it can scarcely be said that England planted any 
colony during Elizabeth's reign, though, as every one knows, 
many voyages were undertaken at that early period for 
purposes of colonization, and a copy of the well-known 
patent of incorporation to the Marquis of Winchester and 
others, merchant adventurers of England, for " discovery 
" of lands unknown and not before frequented," of which 
Sebastian Cabot was to be the first Governor, is to be found 
in the collection of State Papers. 

This, however, as well as many other papers, containing 
accounts of the voyages of discovery of Frobisher and 
Hawkins, of Gylberte and of Drake, to Africa, America, 
and the West Indies, will not be found in this volume. 
They belong to and are placed in the Domestic series ; 
yet the perusal of such papers would not be an inapt 
introduction to the hittory contained in this Calendar. 

The two first papers calendared are of singular interest ; 
they most probably relate to Sir Humphrey Gylberte's 
patent " to discover and take possession of all remote and 
" barbarous lands unoccupied by any Christian Prince or 
" people." Gylberte appears to have assigned his patent 
to others, and the " fragment of report of certain persons," 
p. 1, No. 2, with whom he subsequently conferred in person, 
is so marvellous as to baffle every idea of credibility. Under 
the encouragement of Elizabeth, and by the enterprise of 
Raleigh, the first English colony was attempted to be 
planted in America, and the account of Sir Richard Gren- 
viUe, the General of the fieet sent out in 1585, of " the 


" success of his voyage" (p. 4), with the letters of Ralph 
Lane (pp. 2-1), give several details of the earliest effort of 
English energy applied in a direction in which it has since 
been so richly rewarded, x-^lthough Raleigh's colony did 
not meet with the anticipated success, it caused others to 
undertake similar adventures, and they finally attained the 
desired object. 

As our earliest and in all respects a most interesting- 
settlement, VnuiiNiA claims our first attention, and it is not 
too much to say that the history of this province can no 
where be so fully and so authentically illustrated as in these 
rarely consulted historical State Papers. There is Captain 
Newport's Journal of his early discoveries (p. 6, No. 1.5) ; 
among- other things he alludes to the narrow escape of the 
first President of the colon}-, Edward iMaria Wingfield, 
who, in a skirmish with some 200 savages, " had a shot clean 
" through his beard, yet escaped unhurt." Newport's 
description of the countr}- and the people should not be 
passed over ; in the latter occurs, for the first time, the name 
of Pawatan, "the Great Powhatan" about whom and his 
daughter Pocahuntas so much has been written. "With 
reference to the latter we glean some curious particulars. 
Chamberlain writes to Carleton in June I6l6 (p. 17), that 
Sir Thomas Dale has brought from Virginia some ten or 
twelve of that country— to be educated in England adds 
Lord Carew in his Journal (p. IS) — among whom the most 
remarkable person is Pocahuntas, daughter to Powhatan, a 
King or Cacique there, married to one Rolfe, an Englishman. 
She and her father Counsellor Avere afterwards presented 
to James I., by whom they were graciously used, both being 
" well placed at the mask," and soon after was upon her 
retiu-n home, sorely against her will ; but, adds Chamberlain, 
on 2yth March 1617 (p- ^'^), who had previously sent her 
picture to Carleton, " she died la>t week at Gravesend." 

PREFACE. xiii 

A letter iroin the second President, Captain " John 
" Kadeljeffe, conienly called," gives an interesting account 
of the proceedings of the colony up to October I609 (p. 8), 
wherein it appears that Captain John Smith, "the father of 
" Virginia," who reigned sole Governor, "is now sent home 
" to answer some misdemeanors." The letters of Lord De 
la Warr and Sir Geo. Somers, written the following \'ear 
(pp. 9, 10), contain a vivid account of the storm which 
separated the fleet sent over by the Company in England to 
strengthen the settlement, the happy arrival of which decided 
the fate of the tottering colony ; of the shifts the emigrants 
were put to, and the lamentable state in which tliey found 
the country, " a noisome and unwholesome place, occasioned 
" much by the mortality of the people." Then wc have a 
touching letter from Lord Dc la Wair to Salisbury, written 
upon his return to England in June 1611 (p. II), weak 
from the effects of his long sickness, but confident that the 
cflbrts of the Company to establish a colony will meet with 
an honourable and profitable end. Seven ^^ars later we are 
told that he died on his voyage to Virginia, " but the sick- 
" ness and death of him, and of most of them that landed, 
" make it suspected that they had ill measure." (p. 19). 

Lotteries were resorted to in 1612 to further the advance- 
ment of the colony (p. 12), and notwithstanding the jealousy 
of the Spaniards, their ridicule of the whole business, " for 
" which the undertakers were fain obliged to make a general 
" kind of begging," and their preparations to destroy the 
plantation, the Spanish Ambassador thinking it would be 
an easy matter " to remove these people " (p. 13), the settle- 
ment continued steadilj^ to increase. Means of all kinds 
were used to ensure success ; the Privy Council wrote to the 
Mayor and Alderman of Canterbury (p. 1"), commending 
" that worthy and Christian enterprise" to their care; 
maidens were pressed (p. 19); children " from the super- 

" fluous multitude " of the City of London appointed to be 
transported to Virginia, there to be bound apprentices ; and 
vessel after vessel was despatched with men and provisions. 
Four years later, in June 1616, Sir Thomas Dale informed 
Secretary Winwood that he left the colony in prosperity and 
peace (p. 17) ; and Governor Wyatt, in a letter to the King 
in 1622, says that "many cities of great rumour in the 
" West Indies, established more than sixty years, were not 
" to be compared to Virginia" (p. 38). 

The first Assembly convened in Virginia met on 30th July 
1619, at James City, and a full report of their proceedings 
is preserved (p. 22). In 1621 more than 200 Walloons and 
French promised, on certain conditions, to emigrate to 
Virginia (pp. 498, 499), and this document is perhaps one of 
the most curious in the volume. It is written upon a large 
sheet of paper in the form of a round robin, and in the 
outer circle, the person signing states whether he is married, 
and if he be a father, the number of his children. The 
total number 227, included persons of all classes and estates, 
from an apothecary and surgeon, a marrying man, to a 
labourer with a wife and a numerous family ; musicians, 
weavers, locksmiths, shoemakers, a printer, dyers, and vine- 
dressers were among the number. The answer of the 
Virginia Company will be found at page 26. These vine- 
dressers or " Vinerouns," as they were called, were of most 
essential service in the productive industry of the colony. 
Most of the planters were cultivating tobacco, but the King 
recommended to them to breed silkworms and set up silk 
works, " a rich and solid commodity, and preferable to 
tobacco" (p. 31). The Vinerouns acted upon the royal 
reconnnendation. Placed together at Elizalteth City, they 
were busily employed in rearing silkworms (p. 43), and 
a present of silk from the colony is said to have been worn 
by Charles I. in a manufactured state at his coronation. 

Our papers prove that a quantity of silk made iu the 
country was sent to the King through Secretary AA'indebank 
in 1639 (p. 288). 

The Virginia colonists long lived on friendly terms with 
the native Indians, and felt perfectly secure in their adopted 
country, but " through their own supine negligence in 
" living in scattered and straggling houses" (p. 31), they 
were suddenly surprised on 22 March 1622, and scores of 
families were brutally massacred. Chamberlain writes about 
350, Sir Thos. Wilson at least 300 or 400, and, " but for an 
" accident that gave warning, man, mother, and child, had 
" all been slain " (p. 31). 

This horrible catastrophe was followed by a still more 
fatal mortality, " more having died since than were slain in 
the massacre " ; " God has cast a heavy hand upon us, and 
" we cry for mercy for our sins," exclaims an ancient 
planter in a mournful letter to a relative in England (p. 36). 
The double calamity had well nigh caused the utter anni- 
hilation of the colony. The Governor and Comicil inform 
the King soon after (pp. 38, 39) that until then, vines and 
mulberry trees were being planted throughout the country, 
iron and glass works were in great forwardness, but, they 
continue, all were interrupted, and the people forced to 
cultivate tobacco only to support themselves and maintain 
their continual wars with the Indians. The sufferings of 
the colony at this time are forcibly depicted in a document 
signed by the Governor and 15 of the principal residents in 
the colony, " eye witnesses " (pp. 39, 40). In this paper, 
and in a " brief declaration " by the planters themselves, 
will be found an account of the history of the colony fi'om 
1606, when the first patent was granted. 

The alarming accounts received from Virginia, and the 
imminent danger of the loss of the colony, caused the 
Government at home to take steps lor its support. Com- 

iiiissioncrs were np])()intcd to cxainiiic iiitu its condition, ;ind 
the Company was ordered l)y the Kinjj,' to adopt measures 
Avithout deUiy for the rehef of the eok)ny (p. -11). Rules 
were agreed upon by tlie Privy Council for bettering 
its government (p. IS), large supplies Avcre despatched 
(p. .31), and the law ofticers of the Crown recommended 
the King to resume the government and to command 
the forbearance of the execution of the letters patent which 
had been granted to the original adventurers (p. ol). After 
many proceedings touching the surrender of the Company's 
charter, it was finally overthrown upon a quo warranto on 
the last day of [Trinity] Term [22 June] 1624 (p. 63), and 
a proclamation was issued on 13th May 1625, in which it 
was declared that the territory of Virginia should form part 
of the King's empire, and the government thereof immedi- 
ately depend upon His ^lajesty (p. 73). 

Attention should also be given to the " List of Names 
" of the living and dead in Virginia" (p. 57); tlie muster 
of the inhabitants, with names of the ships in which the 
people arrived in the colony, and a list of the provisions 
brought by each, also a list of the dead in the several plan- 
tations, a document of 1 16 pages (p. 72) ; and a list of the 
number of men, women, and children inhabiting the several 
counties of Virginia (p. 201); to the petition of Captain 
Bargrave to the House of Connnons on behalf of the absent 
planters in Virginia, the answer of Sir Thomas Smythe and 
Alderman Johnson, and King James's letter to the Speaker, 
desiring the Commons not to trouble themselves with the 
petition, as the subject was in course of settlement by His 
Majesty and his Council (p. 6()) ; this was assented to by a 
general silence, writes Sir Francis Nethersole (p. 62), " but 
" not without soft muttering that any other business might 
*' in the same way be taken out of the hands of I'ar- 
" liament." 

Turn a few pages and \vc liave Governor Wyatt's account 
of the wars with the Indians ; he describes a battle with an 
anny of the Pamunke} s, numbering 800 bowmen, as having 
lasted two days (p. 71). A " Note of all lands granted 
" in Virginia" (p. 81) gives the names of the grantees and 
the number of their acres. The answer of the Governor, 
Council, and Burgesses of Virginia to the King's letter 
concerns tobacco and other commodities (p. 89), but the 
flourishing state of the Colony, the richness of the 
country and its products, are fully described. Even then 
it seems that the discovery of gold and silver was not 
despaired of. 

After a brief interval, we pass on to the proposals for 
setting up iron works (p. 90), to Capt. Harvey's propositions 
for the benefit of the plantation (p. 99), find it will be 
seen that the country was steadily increasing in prosperity 
and rising into importance. Sir John Harvey arrives 
as Governor and describes the state of the colony : 
wars with the Indians had exhausted all their powder, 
and so he petitions that more may be sent by the next 
ships (p. 113); a fort called Point Comfort, at the 
entrance of James River, is undertaken, and measures 
are adopted to secure the inhabitants from the incursions 
of the crafty Indians. 

We next find Dr. John Pott accused of wilful murder, 
but reinvested in his estate after a legal condemnation, 
because he was the oiilij physician in the colony, and 
skilled in epidemical diseases (pp. 117, 118). 

Commissioners, the chief public men of the day, were 
again appointed to establish the advancement of the colony, 
and make proposals to encourage adventurers to plant there, 
(p. 130); the result of their consultations may be seen at 
page 136. While the Government at home was thus active 
in settling upon a permanent footing a colony that had 


been instituted with so much life, mone}^ and labour, the 
Executive in Virginia were no less zealous to further that 
object; an "Accord between the Governor and Council 
" there" (p. 138), was concluded, which put a period to all 
unhappy differences. Thenceforward shipbuilding and trade 
generally, the planting of English grain and vines (p. 151), 
were subjects to which attention became more particularly 
directed ; the planting of tobacco was lessened, and the 
duty upon it recommended by Governor Harvey to be 
trebled; potashes, saltpetre, and other commodities, more 
useful in commerce, were the object of care (p. 160), and 
" some better fruit than tobacco and smoke returned from 
" thence," which King Charles declares to be dangerous to 
the bodies and manners of the English people (p. 125). In 
1634, corn was so plentiful that although about 1,200 new 
comers arrived that year (p. 175), 10,000 bushels were 
exported for the relief of New England, and Virginia became 
" the granary of all His Majesty's northern Colonies " 
(p. 184). 

A letter from Richard Kemp, the Secretary of Virginia, 
(p. 207), gives " a true and perfect relation of distempers," 
caused by the people complaining of a tax imposed upon 
them by Governor Harvey, and of his general government ; 
Harvey's declaration (p. 212), and other documents of con- 
siderable interest, will be found on this subject (pp. 208, 
214, 216, 217). To this end Francis Pott, " the incendiary 
" of these broils" (p. 207), with others, was sent to England, 
and petitioned the King, as a close prisoner in the Fleet 
(p. 218). 

Sir John Harvey seems to have met with numerous 
obstacles in returning to Virginia, to resume the govern- 
ment, by the King's command ; for although so many came 
daily from London, to accompany him, that it was feared 
" an ill " [the plague] would be taken to Portsmouth, which 

as yet they were clear of (p. 240), and the King had lent a 
ship for then- transportation, she proved so leaky, that 
they were all forced to return. One hundred passengers, 
more than 20 being gentlemen of qualit}-, were left behind, 
Governor Harvey alone taking his passage in a small ship 
(p. 241). 

The petition for the custody of an idiot, Benoni Buck, 
son of a minister there, and the first in Virginia, and the 
orders thereon (pp. 251, 252), have an interest of a painful 

In 1638 the Secretary gives a most encouraging account 
of the prosperity of the colony ; good buildings, he says, 
had been erected, a State House was being built, and scarce 
any inhabitant but had his garden and orchard planted 
(p. 268). The Secretary had built for himself a house of 
brick " the fairest ever known in this country for substance 
" and uniformity " (p. 288). Soon after this Sir Fras. 
Wyatt arrives as Governor, and dissensions ensue through 
the change of government. Secretary Kemp desires leave to 
return to England (p. 309), find Sir John Harvey requests 
the King's warrant for a similar purpose; he complains that 
he is so narrowly watched that he has " scarce time of 
" privacy to write," that his estate has been taken from him, 
and his passage to England denied (p. 311). 

The King's instructions to Sir William Berkeley, ap- 
pointed Governor of Virginia in August 1641, must not be 
overlooked ; nor the last letter of Charles I. to the Govern- 
ment of Virginia, in 1642 (p. 324), signifying his approba- 
tion, in accordance with their desire, of their protest against 
a petition in their names to the House of Commons, for 
restoring the Letters Patent of the late Company. 

It is obvious that, although the correspondence of this 
early period is not voluminous, what it lacks in quantity is 
made up in the interest and importance of the papers pre- 

b 2 

served ; and the same remark will hold good with respect to 
other plantations, the history of which is illustrated in this 

From 1642 to 1649 the correspondence is exceedingly 
scanty, the whole being comprised in four pages ; the reason 
is obvious. The State Paper Office, as Mr. Bruce observes 
in the preface to his first volume of Domestic Calendars to 
Charles I., was the King's repository, and those who trans- 
mitted papers thither were his servants. AVhen the quarrel 
broke out between the King and the Parliament, and 
Charles I. retired to York, to Oxford, and elsewhere, his 
papers were deposited in other places, and few found their 
way into the State Paper Office. 

It w^as one of the earliest measures of the Republican 
Government to establish its authority over the colonies. 
Commissioners were appointed for reducing Virginia to 
obedience (p. 361). Copies of the articles of surrender 
will be found at p. 3/6 ; but, although the last to surrender, 
the terms they obtained were more favourable than those 
granted to any other colony. An order of the Council of 
State was made in August 1658 (p. 468), upon a petition 
setting forth the distracted state of Virginia and the dangers 
likely to ensue because of the unsettled state of the govern- 
ment, and a letter was in consequence prepared, but vacated 
by reason of the death of Cromwell. Almost immediately 
after the restoration of Charles II. a commission was 
granted, appointing Sir William Berkeley Governor for the 
third time (p. 486), which brings the history of the colony 
down to 1660, the year with which this Calendar closes. 

The papers relating to Virginia have been thus largely 
dwelt upon, not only because it was the first colony under- 
taken by English enterprise, but because the ultimate 
success which favoured the design was the cause of other 
similar efforts. Man_y grants which were subsequently 

obtained, and many plantations and settlements which were 
successfully undertaken, would never have been commenced 
had the colony of Virginia been suffered to die out. 

The patent for New England, which was the foundation 
of the first settlement there, is dated 3rd November 1620 
(p. 21'), fourteen 3ears after the first grant to Virginia. 
From New Plngland were derived all the other northern 
provinces in America. Lord Baltimore's patent for Mary- 
land is dated 20th June 1632 (p. 152) ; all other grants or 
patents for settlements on the main land of America have a 
subsequent date. A grant of " all that entire portion of 
" land, situate within our country of Newfoundland," was 
made to Sir Geo. Calvert, Secretary of State to James I., 
in April 1623 (p. 42), Henry Earl of Northampton, Sir 
Francis Bacon, and others, having obtained a previous patent 
in 1610 (p. 21). No grant of any of the West India 
Islands passed before 1625 (p. 75), with the exception of the 
Bermudas charter, which bears date 29th June 1615 (p. 1/). 
The Earl of Carlisle's grant of the Caribbee Islands, entitled 
"the first grant," was made 2nd July 162/ (p. 85); the 
patent for the Bahamas on 4th December 1630 (p. 123). 

There are several papers relating to the history of New 
England, to which the attention of the reader should be 
directed. For example, an early letter from Sir Ferdinando 
Gorges (p. 6), showing that five savages were brought from 
thence in 160" ; the Minutes of the Council for New 
England from May 1622 to June 1623 (pp. 30 et scq.) and 
from November 1631 to November 1638 (pp. 135 et seq.), 
containing an interesting record of the progress of the 
plantation ; a list of 20 patents for plantations in New 
England (p. 35). 

The letter from the King in l623 to the Lords Lieutenant 
of Cornwall, Somerset, and Devon, and to the cities of 
Bristol and Exeter (p. 54), urging them to move other 

xxii PKEFACE. 

persons of quality to join in the advancement of the plan- 
tation of New England, " a work in which the public take 
" great interest ; " and the subsequent grant for a general 
and free contribution for the maintenance of the planta- 
tion (p. 87), are worthy of remark, as also the narrative of 
Sec. Coke, the letter of Richard Sandes (p. Ill), and the 
names of the principal undertakers for the plantation of the 
Massachusetts Bay (p. 112). 

" New England's Plantation," a curious pamphlet, 
unfortunately imperfect (p. 123); the letters of the first 
Governor of Massachusetts, John Wiuthrop (pp. 154, 156) ; 
of Thomas Wiggin (pp. 155, 156) ; Emanuel Downing 
(p. 158); and Henry Dade (p. 174); the papers of John 
White, of Dorchester (pp. 155, 214) ; of Edward Winslow 
(p. 157) ; and Dr. Stoughton (pp. 179, 194); have all an 
interest of a peculiar character. Lists of the names of 
passengers (pp. 192, 209, 272, 275), have also their value, 
as well as the Declaration of the Council for New England, 
for resignation of their charter (p. 204). 

Any allusion to the name of Henry Vane, the youthful 
Governor of Massachusetts, possesses interest. Our readers 
will remember he was but 30 when chosen to govern that 
colony. Let us turn, therefore, to a letter Avritten to his 
father (p. 211), wherein he refers to the reasons for leaving 
his native country. In like manner occur other subjects of 
more or less interest, illustrative of the history of this great 
northern settlement. 

An examination of the two copies of the Maryland 
patents (p. 152) will exhibit a remarkable instance of the 
different constmction that may be put upon the same 
document, if written in full or with contractions; the 
disputes with Virginia about boimdaries form the frequent 
topic of discussion in these papers. 

Before dismissing the subject of the American Colonies 

we would not omit to refer to two instances in which the 
papers are presumed to illustrate events comparatively, 
if not wholly unknown in the early history of America. 
We allude to a design b}'^ the English to settle New York 
in 1623, and to an attempted colonization of South Carolina, 
30 years before the actual settlement took place. 

Secretary Conway's letter to the Lord President of York 
(p. 47), has reference to the first. The design of settling 
a plantation in New England, and building a city there to 
be called York, originated as it seems with one Christopher 
Levett: it was strongly recommended by the English 
Government, the President of York being desired to " win 
" assistance from the country in a work so honourable to 
" the nation and to the city of York ; " the grant for a 
general and free contribution to be paid to Christopher 
Levett (p. 87), appointed Governor, has probably reference 
to this design. 

The first allusion to the early attempt to colonize South 
Carolina is in the proposals for settling a colony in Florida 
in 1629 (p. 99). These proposals, made by, if not origin- 
ating with Mons. Bellavene, were, in October of the same 
year, " communicated " to the Baron de Sance, and " note 
" of articles was agreed upon with the King" (p. 102), 
concerning the planting of Carolina. The " articles de- 
" manded of the Attorney General by De Sance to be 
" inserted in his grant ; " De Sauce's regulations to be 
observed by all French Protestants wishing to settle in 
Carolina (p. 109) ; his propositions to carry over 100 men 
to plant there (p. 110) ; and an estimate of the expense of 
carrying them over, with the apparel, victuals, arms, tools, 
and household implements necessary for one person or for a 
family, are all minutely particularized. From the contents 
of a petition from Edward Kingswell (p. I90), we gather 
how " the plantation was hindered, and the voyage frus- 

xxiv PREFACE. 

" trated ;"' additional particulars will be found in other 
papers (pp. 19-4, 197, ^^7)- It may be 'worthy of remark 
that it appears from other papers in the Domestic and 
Foreign Correspondence, that De Sance came to England 
in l6'27, and acted in the capacity of Secretary to Mons. de 
Soubise, Duke de Fontenay, then also in England, whose 
doings at Rochelle and exertions in favour of the distressed 
French Protestants are so well knoAvn ; that when Soubise 
had been again defeated by the French king's fleet, he fled 
to England with the remnant of his followers, and it is sup- 
posed that many went over to the Spaniards, the West 
Indies, and elsewhere. It is, I think, pretty evident that the 
intended settlers, the French Protestants above mentioned, 
were a portion of the followers of Soubise, perhaps the 
companions in arms of De Sance himself. 

As regards Newfoundland many curious and interesting 
papers may be referred to. For example, the disputes with 
respect to the fishing trade there (pp. 20, 21); the diffi- 
culties which Lord Baltimore, the Governor of the plan- 
tation, had to contend witli, " no longer to be resisted," not 
only on account of the climate, Avhich he describes as most 
severe from October to Ma}-, both land and sea being frozen 
the greatest part of the time, and the excessive mortality 
(p. 100), but because of the hostilities which continually 
prevailed (p. 93). At length the King, "weighing that 
" men of Lord Baltimore's condition and breeding are 
" fitter for other employment than the framing of new 
" plantations, which commonly have rugged and laborious 
" beginnings," advised him to return to his native country 
(p. 104). 

Nova Scotia is the frequent subject of illustration in 
these papers, as well as the endeavours to make a settle- 
ment upon the Amazon river in (juiana. 

The capture of Canada in July 1629, by Sir David 


Kirke, and its subsequent restitution to France, through the 
treaty of St. Germain, in August 1632, is an event of 
importance, upon which considerable information may be 
derived from the documents in this volume. As regards 
the restitution, a reference must be made to the French 
correspondence ; the negotiation for the treaty necessarily 
fell into the hands of the English Ambassador resident in 
Paris. In this transaction, wc think, considerable light is 
thrown upon the concluding days of a most worthy and 
notable character of King Charles' reign, Sir Isaac Wake 
himself, the Ambassador above mentioned ; and especial 
attention is invited to Sec. Coke's letter to Wake (p. 142, 
No. 4.5). This letter is dated igth April 1632, and Wake, 
who had long been in a precarious state, died on the 31st of 
the following month. 

With reference to the Bahamas, or the plantation of 
Providence, as the principal island was then called, and the 
islands of Association, otherwise Tortuga, Henrietta, and 
Fonseca, we have a complete and unbroken record of the 
proceedings of the Company to whom the patent was 
granted (p. 123), from its establishment in 1630 to 1641, 
when the entries are abruptly discontinued. This valuable 
history (for so it has now become) is written in two large 
folio volumes, most probably between 1640 and 1650, but 
unfortunately no letters from those islands have found their 
way into the State Paper Office ; the reason is obvious, 
the Company governed those islands absolutely and 
without any reference to the King or his ministers. A 
glance at the names of the incorporated body gives 
additional interest to the letters tliey wrote. The Earl of 
Warwick, Lord Say and Sele, Lord Brooke, Sir Gilbert 
Gerrard, Oliver St. John, and John Pym, figured too con- 
spicuously in subsequent events not to attach to their 

previous actions a peculiar significance; we will instance 
three or four documents in illustration of this. 

The minuteness of their instructions to the Governor and 
Council of Providence Island is strongly evidenced in one 
of their early letters (pp. 147-149); the original entry 
occupies no less than 24 closely written pages. A few days 
later (p. 150), the Governor is directed to send back or burn 
all cards, dice, and tables, which it is understood have been 
received in the Island, at the same time it is stated that the 
Company " mislike not lawful recreations such as chess, 
" shooting, &c. ; " the Governor's proclamation " for pre- 
" venting mixed dancing and other vanity" in the island is 
very much approved, and the ministers are directed to 
second his authority (p. 187)- In the same letter a rather 
significant phrase occurs ; the Governor is twitted for 
having grounded his authority " upon a supposed privi- 
" lege which you call prerogative as annexed to your 
" place . . . ; " and it was added " neither do we like the 
" use of that word." The charges against Mr. Rous, a 
minister in the island, are somewhat curious (p. 181); he 
was accused of being insufficient, of not being able to pray 
extemporarily, that he would soldierlike beat his men, and 
that he was fitter for a buff coat than a cassock. Mr. 
DitloflF, another minister, also accuses Rous of teaching 
Ditloff songs called catches, " the meaning of which word 
" he understood not, the matter of which was the motion 
" of creatures as the nightingale and the like." Before 
leaving this subject we would draw attention to a curious 
ballad relating to New England (p. 180). It is "to the 
" tune of the Townsman's Cap." Although unable myself 
to discover any allusion to the tune elsewhere, I have little 
doubt that it will be recognized by some reader learned in 
our ballad and musical literature.. 

The rival claims of tlie Earls of Carlisle and Mont- 
gomery, of Lord Marlborough, and of Sir William Cour- 
teen to the island of Barbadoes may be readily understood 
by a reference to the papers herein calendared. The 
"first grant" to Lord Carlisle is dated 2nd July 1627 
(p. 85), but in the following February, Charles L also 
granted to his Lord Chamberlain, then Lord Montgomery, 
certain islands between 8 and 13 degrees of N.L., and 
among them " Barbudos." The letters from the King and 
the opinion of Lord Keeper Coventry (pp. 96-98) give a 
sufficient explanation of this business. The King, in a 
letter to the Governor of Barbadoes (p. 98), says that the 
controversy had arisen " chiefly in the ambiguity of names 
" of near sound, and thereby subject to mistaking in so 
" remote parts ; " the other island alluded to is Barbuda, an 
island of insignificance as compared with Barbadoes. Upon 
these grounds, although Barbudos is in another place said 
to mean Barbadoes, I have added [Barbuda] thus in Mont- 
gomery's grant. The petition of Henry, 2nd Earl of Marl- 
borough (p. 242) explains the grounds of his claims ; the 
minutes of depositions and examinations (pp. 488, 489) 
those of Sir William Courtcen. 

Of Antigua, St. Christopher's, and others of the Caribbee 
Islands, many interesting particulars will be found. Colonel 
Christopher Kaynell, the Governor of Antigua, during the 
Interregnum, represents the condition of the island and its 
resources ; his proposals to preserve it " from present ruin 
" and destruction" (p. 439) would lead us to beheve that 
Cromwell did not attach so much importance to this island 
as the inhabitants wished ; and a debate in 1656, how the 
transportation of persons from Nevis, St. Christopher's, and 
other places to Jamaica may be managed with most con- 
venience (p. 450), tends rather to confirm this impression. 
In July 1656 we find, however, that the representations of 

xxviii riJEFACE. 

Governor Kayncll Iiad met with some consideration, for by 
an Order of tlic Council of State, 30(1 men out of Scotland 
■were alloAved to be transported thence at their own charge 
(p. 4 16). As regards St. Clnistopher's, there are many 
important references ; the commission to Sir Thomas 
Warner in September 162.5, reciting the discovery of that 
island and other of the Caribbees, " until then inhabited only 
" by savages," and granting him the custody as the King's 
Lieutenant (p. "•">); the disjuitcs and hostilities with the 
French, arising from the island being inhabited by both 
nations ; the aggressions of the Spaniards, who, after fighting 
a day and a half with a fleet of 38 galleons against nine 
English vessels, took both Nevis and St. Christopher's, and 
burnt all the houses there. Seven hundred men and boys 
were carried from thence to Carthagena, besides the English, 
who were taken to the Havanna, and 400 others who fled 
to the mountains, and were succoured by the Indians 
(pp. 102, 118). 

In fact, it may be said that upon almost every topic of 
moment in our colonial history some particulars may be 
found. The description of the several tribes of the Indians; 
their treatment of and by the English ; their education, 
conversion, habits, manners, and customs, are all more or 
less the subject of comment or debate in these papers. 
Of their fellow-sutferers, the negroes, much may also 
be learnt. The Compan}- of Providence Island, some of 
whose names have already been quoted, assert it to be 
" a groundless opinion that Christians may not lawfully 
" keep such persons in a state of servitude during their 
" strangeness from Christianity" (p. 202). This will per- 
haps be thought a singular qualification of opinion in the 
present day, but we must not forget that these sentiments 
were expressed more than 225 years ago. It is, however, 
scarcely probable that when the Privy Council made stay 


in 1637 of a cargo of " nigcrs " from Guinea, because the 
King's patent for sole tratiic in them had been infringed 
upon (p. 260), the above quahtication hail much weight 
with their Lordships. The trade in and eniph)}incnt of 
them, we tind, was carried on in those da3S to a great ex- 
tent, and some having escaped to England from Bermudas, 
were speedily recaptured by order of the Council of State, 
and kept in custody until restored to their former scr\itude. 

On the history of Bermudas or the Somers Islands this 
volume is by no means silent. Perhaps one of the most 
interesting- letters in the Calendar is from Sir George Somers 
(p. 9), "the good old gentleman," as the kind-hearted Lord 
De la AVarr calls him. By a petition from the House of 
Commons to the King, in lG-2s (p. 92), protesting against 
the heavy taxes that were levied upon, goods impoited by 
the planters from thence, which they assert is contrary 
to law and directly against an express grant in their patent, 
we see that the island at that time had a population of 
about 2,000, which in less than 30 years increased to 3,000 
(according to the last return, in 1839, the population was 
about 9,000), 1,500 being able to bear arms; the charges 
of government amounted to 500?. a year, and the duties upon 
tobacco alone yielded 800/. per annum ; this may be seen 
in a report of the Committee for America to the Council of 
State (p. 449). 

We must not omit to draw attention to the Extedition to 
THE West Indies, undertaken by Cromwell. The original 
design, the capture of Hispaniola, was not, as is well known, 
successful ; but to it England owes the acquisition of 
Jamaica, and the extraordinary care taken by Cromwell to 
keep possession of the island, and fortify it against any 
attack from Spain or her possessions in the West Indies, will 
not remain unobserved. Tlie English took possession of 
Jamaica on 10th May 1655, the inhabitants, to the number 

of 1,400, having fled to the hills, except some Negroes and 
Portuguese, who surrendered. In about four months nearly 
8,000 men, well armed and well provisioned, had been sent 
over from England, to defend the place against all attempts. 
A variety of inducements were held out to those of New 
England and other plantations to remove " to a land of 
" plenty," and the English Government soon after issued 
a proclamation " for the encouragement of persons who 
" will transport themselves to Jamaica" (pp. 429, 431). 
The account by Francis Hodges, Treasurer of the land 
forces in Jamaica, of arrears due to those who returned 
from that island, and to those who died in the expedition 
(p. 469)» will satisfy inquiry as to who were engaged 
in that service. The proceedings against Generals Penn 
and Venables, the Commanders, for having returned 
to England " without licence, contrary to their trust," should 
not be passed over. Soon after King Charles' restoration, 
we find that considerations, proposals, and reports were 
addressed to His Majesty (pp. 491, 492), pointing out the 
advantages to be derived from Jamaica, and the encourage- 
ments that should be given to send over servants and goods, 
and urging upon the King the necessity of fortifying the 
island and settling the Government. The number of inha- 
bitants had then fallen to about 4,500, half of them being 
the relics of the army; and it was proposed that women for 
planters' wives should be sent over, Newgate and Bridewell 
spared as much as may be, and poor maids transported 
instead, " with which few parishes in England are unbur- 
" dened," the custom of the planter being to give, not to 
require anything with his wife. 

I have thus, in some measure, endeavoured to show 
the varied character of the papers contained In this volume, 
and their great interest and value to all students of our 
colonial history. Before concluding my remarks, I would 

rPvEFACE. XX xi 

call attention to the number of papers without date. 
There is scarcely a page in the first half of the volume 
without an undated paper, which may easily be distin- 
guished by the bracket or the ? after the supposed date. 
In every instance great care has been taken and much 
time bestowed in assigning an approximative date to the 
document ; and although in some case a more correct date 
may probably be assigned by those more intimately ac- 
quainted with the particular history to which the document 
refers, I have made use of all the knowledge acces- 
sible to me, and especially to that invaluable source of 
knowledge upon historical contemporary subjects, the State 
Papers themselves. 

With regard to the spelling of names, the orthography of 
the writer, when his signature could be found, has invariably 
been adopted, in other cases considerable difficulty has been 
experienced, and in some instances it has been found next 
to impossible to decide how a name should be spelt. One 
example is sufficient to illustrate this point. Of the various 
spellings Sir Charles Wolselcy, Wolsle}-, Woolseley, or 
Woolsley, which is correct ? * With many of the old Indian 
names a similar difficulty has been experienced ; Patowmack, 
Patomack, Potowmac, Potomac, and in a variety of other 
ways has this magnificent river been spelt. It is hoped, 
however, that by cross references in the Index, the inquirer 
will be readily directed to the object of his search. 

Although this volume embraces a period of nearly a 
century, it is highly probable that the remaining 28 years, 
that is, down to the Revolution of 1688, will occupy five 

* The name of Ealeigh has, we believe, been found in 39 different 
ways. A gentleman of the name of Leighton has lately published a 
cm-ious illustration of the different ways in which he found his own name 
spelt in various documents ; they were no less than 55. ^Xotes and 
Queries, 2nd S., Vol. x., p. 257.] 


volumes. After the restoration of Charles II. the planta- 
tions became more settled ; they had for the most part 
greatly increased in importance ; the correspondence be- 
comes, therefore, more consecutive, and consequently more 

I cannot conclude without acknowledging, in the most 
public manner, the kind assistance that I have received 
throughout my labours from my valued friend, John Bruce, 

W. NoiiL Sainsdury. 

State Paper Office, 

21st November I860. 






i No. 




Africa. - - - j 1672 to 1686 



1658 Nov. 30 
1661 to 1674 
1667 „ 1677 


Antigu.v - - Acts 1684 „ 1688 



1674 ,. 1681 
1681 ,. 1684 


B.VHA.MAS - - ' 1630 „ 1630 


„ ■ ■ - 

1684 „ 1687 


- - ' 1630 .. 1641 


1686 „ 1688 



„ Inclosures 

1685 „ 1688 


B.VKB.4.D0ES - - ' 1627 „ 1674 


„ Minutes of) 
Council - J 

1661 „ 1672 


- . i 1675 „ 1680 



1672 „ 1678 


- . ' 1680 „ 1688 


» „ 

1682 „ 1688 


. - ' 1688 


„ Minutes of"j 


.; Inclosures 1678 ., 1688 

Council and ^| 1661 „ 1679 1 
Assembly -J 1 


1679 ,. 1688 





MinutcsofVlggy 1586 
Council -ji 








1687 „ 1688 




Minutes of") 
Assembly J 

1670 .. 1683 





1684 .,1688 


1681 .. 1683 



1643 „ 1688 



1681 ., 16S8 



1682 ,. 1688 


Leeward I^I,E^ 

1670 .,1671 


1675 ., 1681 


Bermudas - - ^ 161o ,, 1686 ^y 

1681 „ 1688 


- - i 1686 ., 168S 


., Minutes of"! 


Inclosure | 1688 July 24 ' 

Council and V! 1680 „ 1688 | 


1 ( 

Asj^embly -J 

! i 


- Acts 

1668 „ 1672 


Carolina - - : 1663 ., 1683 



1668 „ 1682 


- 1674 ,. 1685 


1680 „ 1688 


- 1682 ,. 16S8 


„ Grants of Lan.l 1674 ., 1688 


Acts 1663 „ 16SS 



1632 ., 1687 



- Acts 

1640 „ 1676 


Hudson's Bay - 1 1687 



,. Minutes of! Iiggggg^ 
Council - J ; ■' 



Colony. ; Date. h No. 

Colony. Date. 



1668 to 1688 


Virginia- - - 1606 to 1662 



1680 „ 1688 1 



- 1675 „ 1681 
„ - - - 1676 „ 1677 

- : 1681 „ 1685 


Nevis - Acts 1664 „ 1688 ! 

1 1 


- ' 1685 „ 1688 


„ 1 1680 „ 1688 


Inclosures 1678 „ 1682 


New England - 1620 „ 1639 [ 


Minutes of 1' ^^on 1688 
Council -//'^^^ " ^^^^ 



1661 „ 1679 
1679 ,. 1688 


Minutes of 1. 
Assembly J 

1683 „ 1688 



,. - - Acts 

166J „ 1684 






Ififil .. 1688 



1686 ,, 1688 

' '■ " "__ " 1 


1661 „ 1688 


Minutes of! 
Council -J 

1686 ., 1688 [ 90 

- ,, - 

1661 „ 1688 

1' 91 

- •■ - 

1661 .,, 1688 



1623 .,1671 

, 92 


1661 „ 1672 


„ - - - 


' 93 

1663 „ 1684 
1670 „ 1674 

i 95 

1674 „ 1679 


New Hajipsiiike 

1679 „ 1686 



1675 „ 1677 


1675 „ 1687 


New York 

1664 ,. 16S7 


1 „ » - 

1677, May 


1687 „ 1688 


1 . 

1679 „ 1684 


I - - - 

1674 ., 1684 


1687 „ 1688 


„ Grants of Laud 

1665 „ 1688 

- Acts 



Lists of Acts - 

1683 „ 1687 


„ - Patents 



' ,- .. - - 

1668 „ 1683 


„ Commissions 



1687 „ 1688 


Minutes of 1 

1687 „ 1688 



Journals of the 
Board of Trade. 

1675 „ 1677 
1677 ., 1679 


Penxsylvania - 

1681 „ 1688 




1679 ,, 1682 
1682 „ 1684 


Surinam - 

1667 ,. 1674 


•> >. - 

1684 „ 1686 



1668 .. 1677 



,, ,. - 

1686 „ 1688 


Vol. I. 1574—1621. 


1. " Points set down by the Conmiittefs appointt-d in the behalf 
of the Company to confer with Jlr. C'aileill upon his intended 
discovery and attempt in tlie northern parts of America." The 
Committees are well persuaded that the country is very iruitful ; 
inhabited with savage jieople of a mild and tractable disposition, 
and of all other unfrequented places " the only most fittest and most 
commodious for us to intermeddle withal." They propose that one 
hundred men be conveyed thither, to remain one year, who with 
friendly entreaty of the people, may enter into the better knowledge 
of the country, and gather what commodities may be hereafter 
expected fi-om it. The charges will amount to 4,000/. ; the city of 
Bristol having very readily oti'ered 1,000?., the residue remains to be 
furnished by the city of London. Privileges to be procured by 
Mr. Carlile for the first adventurers ; also terms upon which future 
settlers will be allowed to plant. In the patent to be granted by 
the Queen, liberty will be given to transport all contented to go, 
who will be bound to stay there ten years at least. None to go 
over without licence of the patentees, neither to inhabit nor traffic 
Avithin 200 leagues of the place where " the General shall have first 
settled his being and residence." [The names of the Committees 
are Alderman Hart, Messrs. Spencer, Wil. Burrough, Hoddesdon, 
Towerson, Slanye, Stapers, Mave, John Castelin, and Leake. In 
Domestic Cor,'e.<<p. Mh., Vol. XCV., No. C3, Cal.2y.i7o, will be 
found a Petition to the Queen dated 22 March 157-i, to allow of 
an enterprise for discovery of sundiy rich and unknown lands, 
"fatally reserved for England and for the honor of Your Maj'y " 
which is endorsed " Sir Humfrey Gilbert, Sir Geo. Peckham, 
Mr. Carlile, and Sir Ric. Greenvile, and others, voiages."] 

[l.jSO.] 2. Fragment of report of certain persons who " travelled the 

aforesaiil countries" [of America]. Account of the people, their 
disposition, " courteously given ;" dress, the women wearing great 
plates of gold, covering their whole bodies like armour ; habits and 
customs ; mode of warfare ; religion, their god, a devil which speaks 
30(3. A 



Vol. L 

to them sometimes in likeness of a calf. Order of choosing their 
kings, and ceremonies observed towards tliem. One Capt. Champion, 
of Newhaven in France, had given to him 100 pieces of silver for 
one of their ancients or war Sags. Description of the soil, most 
excellent, especially towards the north of the river May, and 
produce of the country. Of animals and birds, and the manner of 
killing " gi-eat beasts as big as two of our oxen " [probably 
buffaloes]. Of their treasures, in every cottage pearl to be found, 
and in some houses a peck. About the bar of " St. Maries " to be 
seen fire dragons, "which make the air very i-ed as they fly." The 
streets broader than London streets. Banquetting houses built of 
crystal, with pillars of massive silver, some of gold. Pieces of clean 
gold as big as a man's fist in the heads of some of the rivers. 
Plenty of iron. Great abundance of silkworms. A mountain 
called Banchoonan, to the northwards of the sea coast, about 
30 leagues from the bay of St. Maries, very rich with mines. This 
report is contained in the examination of David Ingram, who adds 
that he embarked for England at the river called Bauda. Then 
follows the report of Vererzamis, Jacques Cartier, John Barros, 
Andrew Thevett, and John Walker ; with the last three " Sir 
Humphrey Gylbert did confer in person." In 1579, Simon 
Ferdinando, Sec. Walsingham's man, went and came from " the said " within three months, in " the little frigate," without any 
other consort. In 1580, John Walker and his company discovered a 
silver mme within the river of Norumbega. Here the paper 
abruptly ends. [In 1578, Queen EHzabeth granted letters patent 
to Sir Hump. Gylbert to discover and take possession of all remote 
and liarbarous lands unoccupied by any Christian prince or people 
{Ifalrluflf, L ; (;77-9). By reference toDoJlESTlC Corrcsp. EUz., Vol. 
CXL VI. , No. 40, Cat. p. 695, it will be seen that articles of petition 
were subsequently presented by Sir Thos. Gerrard and Sir Geo. Peck- 
ham to Sec. Walsingham. The petitioners set forth that Gylbert has 
assigned to them his patent for the discovery and possession, &e., of 
certain heathen lands, ko.., and they pray that all such persons 
whose names shall be set down in a book may have licence " to 
travel into those countries " at the next voyage for conquest, and 
to remain or retmii to England at theii- pleasm-e.] 

Aug. 12. 3. Ralph Lane to Sec. Walsingham. The General [Sir Ric. 
Port Ferdinando Grenville's] retm'n to England cuts him ofl'from reporting upon the 
irgmia. peculiarities of the country. Although they arrived there late in 
the year, wholly through the fault of him who intends to accuse 
others, they have nevertheless discovered so many rare and singular 
commodities in the Queen's new kingdom of Virginia, as by the uni- 
versal opinion of all the apothecaries and merchants there, no state 
in Christendom doth yield better or more plentiful. Leaves the 
particulars to the General's report ; the ship's freight wiU prevent 
all suspicion of fi-aud. They have not 3-et found one stinking weed 
growing in the land. Describes the vast and huge temtory, its natural 
fortifications, and the climate very healthy. There are only tln-ee 




Vol. I. 

entries and ports ; these tliey have named, Trinity, Scarborough, 
and Ococan, where their fleet struck aground, and the Tiger was 
nearly lost. Tiie best port discoveied by Simon Ferdinando, the 
master and pilot major of the fleet, after whom it is named, and 
which, if fortified by a sconce, could not be entered by the whole 
force of Spain. Account of their soundings. Has undertaken with a 
good company to remain there, resolute rather to lose their lives 
" than to defer possession " of so noble a kingdom to the Queen, 
their country, and their noble patron Sir Walter Raleigh, through 
whose and his Honour's most worthy endeavour and infinite charge 
an honourable entry is made to the conquest of Is assured they 
will, by this means, be relieved from the tyranny of Spain, and 
their enemies, tlie Papists, will not be suftered by God to triumj)!! 
at the overtlirow either of tliis most Christian action, or of His 
poor servants, in their thorough famine or other wants. God will 
command even the ravens to feed them. 

Aug. 1 2. 4. Ralph Lane to Walsingham. Commends to his favour the 

I'ort Ferdinaudo 1 learer, Mr. Atkinson, who carried himself so honestly and iudustri- 

""t-"'"a- ously throughout the voyage. Has also written by Mr. Russell to the 

like efiect, and is jiersuaded, notwithstanding the general displeasure 

towards Atkinson that he will clear himself of every charge or 


Aug. 12. .5. Lane to Sir Philip SydneJ^ Will not omit writing to him, 

Port Ferdinando although in the midst of infinite business, having the charge of 
irgin'a- savages as well as wild men of his own nation, whose 
])rf\ents his leaving them. Refers him to his letter to Mr. Seci'e- 
tary tbr an account of the singularities of Virginia. Has discovered 
tlic infinite riches of St. John and Hispaniola by dwelling upon the 
islands five weeks. Thinks if the Queen should find herself bur- 
dened with the King of Spain, that to attempt them would be most 
honourable, feasible, and profitable. Exhorts him not to the 
good opportunity of rendering so great a service to the Church of 
Christ, he only being fit for the chief command of .such an expeditiou. 
The stiength of Spain dotli altogether grow from the mines of her 

Sept. 8. G. Lane to Sec. Walsingham. Has thought good to advertise 

From the New him concerning Sir R. Greenefeelde's [Grenville] complaints 
< or m irgmia. against sundry gentlemen of this service, and particularly against 
Mr. Candyshe [Thos. Cavendish] their high marshal, Edw. Gorge, 
Francis Brooke, tiieir treasurer, and Capt. Clerck. Certifies to 
their faithfulness and industry, and to the tyrannical conduct of 
Grenville from first to last, through whose gi-eat default the action 
has been made most painful and most perilous. Refer.s him to an 
ample discom-se of the whole voyage in the hands of tlie bearer, their 
treasurer, directed to Sir W. Raleigh, wherein Grenville's intolerable 
pride, insatiable ambition, and proceedings towards them all, and 
to Lane in particular, are set forth. Has had so much expe- 
rience of Grenville as to desire to be freed from the place where lie 


is to carrv any autlinrity in cluef, Tliey liave discovered a kind of 
(lynnoye [Guinea] wheat, tiiat yields both corn and sugar, of wliich 
tlieir physician hath sent an assay to Sir W. Raleigh. There are 
fertile and pleasant provinces in the main land, populated only _hy 
savages, fit to he civilly and christianly inhabited. Mean.-, with 
the favour of God, to visit them and pass some part of the winter 
in their provinces, l-tO miles within the main. 

Oct. 2!). 7. Sir Eich. Grenville to Sec. Walsingham. Acquaints him with 

Plyinoutli. the success of his voyage. Has performed the action directed, and dis- 
covered, taken possession of, and peopled a new country [Virginia], 
and stored it with cattle, fruits, and plants. The commodities that 
are found there are such as he was advertised of by his cousin Sir 
Walter Raleigh. In his way home captured, after some fighting, 
a Spanish ship, returning from St. Domingo, laden with ginger and 
sugar. The rei)ort that the Spaniards bring great quantities of 
pearl and gold ami silver from St. Domingo is incorrect. 

159fi. S. Report of Ric. Clarke and others concerning a j)iracy 

committed by three French shijjs at St. John's, Newfoundland. 
The cajit. of the Admiral was named Michael de Sance ; the master 
of the Vice- Admiral, Martin de Sancd. Having been u.sed with 
kind entertainment and invited to breakfast [25 Sept.], in requital 
he invited the Frenchmen on board his ship to dinner the next 
day ; the capt. of the Admiral frameil an excuse, sent the same 
afternoon for Clarke to visit him in his sickuej;s, and, upon a 
smlilen, the Frenchmen crying " Read coaz, liend vouz," Clarke 
and his men were taken and kept prisoners nine days. After 
]iillagiiig their ship, it was delivered up to them altogether nn- 
furnisiifd. On the margin of this report as " Witnesses " appear 
Ri. Clarke, Master Mat. Ryves, and Phil. Fabyan, mates ; Lann. 
Clarke, surgeon, and seventeen other names, "and many others." 

IC'OO? 9. Considerations on a " propositiim of planting an English 

coh)ny in the North West of America." That if the Prince would 
a.ssist it in part, Her Majesty's merchants go liberally into it, the 
country bo stirred to furnish men, some gentlemen moved to be 
adventurers, and a worthy general chosen, qualified to judge by 
sight of the strength of places, "it might be a glorious action for our 
Prince and country, honorable for the general and adventurers, 
and in time profitable." \_Copy. In tlie three first pages Sir Ed. 
Conway has made corrections and filled in vacant spaces, v>'hich in 
the fourth and fifth pages are left blank, the cojjyist most jiroliably 
not being able to decipher the original] 

Nov. S. 10. The Frencli Kings Patent to Mons. de ilonts, one of the Gen- 

Fomuinubleau. tleincn of the Chamber, •' for inhabiting Acadia, Canada, and other 
places in New France." He is constituted the King's Lieut.-General 
" for to represent our person in the countries, territories, coasts, 
and confines of La Cadia from the 40 to the \Q degree." [Englisli 


July 2. Capfc. Clias. Lei-li to the IVivy Ci)uneil. Arrived in tlic country 

Mciunt Howard, ^vitll tif'ty men, with whom lie purposed to iuhnl.iit in some by-place, 
""Ijy^jlpp'j', "'^ away from the Indians; l)ut accepted the oflers of the natives to 
G'liiana. ' dwell amongst them in their best houses and gardens. Has resolved 
to remain with forty men, and return the rest for England, with 
four Indian chiefs as pledges. The natives desire that he will send 
for men to teach them to pray. Doubts not but God hath a won- 
derful work in this simple hearted people. Beseeches the Council 
to send over well-dispo.-ed jn'eachers. Requests the King's protec- 
tion and fre<' passage to those wdio will come and settle there. The 
bearer will eertilV at larcje cdni-erning the state of the country and 
thepeoj.le. | DoMKsiir Cmv, s'/-. ./,/-•. /., T.,/. 17//., .To. ,S7, C,il. 
April 10. Grant to Sir Th..s. Gates, Sir Geo. Somers, Tueh Hakluvt, Pre- 
W..tmin..tcr, bendary of Westminster, Edw. Maria Wingtield, Tho.s. Ilamon, 
Raleigh Gilljert, Wm. Parker, Geo. Popham, and divers others, of 
Virginia, between 3iand 4.5 degrees of north latitude, to be divided 
into two several colonies, {('olcniial Entry Bk.* Vol. LXXIX., 
PI,, \-\-l.-\ 
1606-1 G 10. II. Notes by Sir .Tos. Williamson relating to Virginia. They refer 
more particularly to the appointment cf Governors and their powers, 
the tobacco trad(^ and the revocation of the tii-st patent. In 1613 
Cnpt. Argoll took prisoner the deai- daughter of Powhatan, tlie 
Kiiigi.f the Indians. In ICi'S tli,. nuiidu'r of p.M-sons in Virginia 
w.-is ;!,()()0. In K;:'.? Jnlin 'i''aiit was in the colony, t,i gather 
all rarities of Uowers, plants, .shells, \-r. 
1606-lG-')2. 12. Notes in the handwriting of one of 'Williamson's clerks 
relating to Virginia. They are of a similar character to the pre- 
ceding, some of which may be abstracted as follows: In 1624 
Henry Earl of Simthampton and certain otiier Lords of the Privy 
Council were appointed a Council for Virginia. In 162-3-20, Sir 
Fr. Wyatt, Governor, desires commission for a court martial, with 
limitation in case of life. In 1623 .seventy-two patents for land 
were granted to as many persons. The best silk grass is towards 
the south wai'd; an earth of the nature of terra lemnia is to lie had 
in Potowmac River. 
1607, Jan. 9, 13. Minutes of Grants and Commissions relating to the Planta- 
to tions at the Office of the Rolls. Calendared under their respective 

1 4.0,Aug. 4. date.s. [Thrfir.,f rntry relates to the Ea.d In,lic.'<] 

March 9. Ordinance enlarging the nnndjer and augmenting the authority of 

We,stminster. the Council for the two several Colonies and Plantations in Virginia 
and America. Thirty members for the first colony from 34 to 41 deg.[?] 

* The "Colonial Entry Tooks" to IfiSS comprise a series of one hundred and nine 
volumes which are arranged alphabetically as regards the Colonies to which they relate, 
and contain entries of a variety of kinds, all of which will be found calendared'in their 
order of date. A list of them is placed immediately after the Preface, so that the 
reader may see at a glance the general contents of each volume. The entry from 
Virginia, Vol. 79, is the earliest, aud therefore abstracted the first. 


Vol. I. 
north lat., and ten members for the second colony between 88 and 45 
de.r north hxt. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX.,pp. 4i-48. Ban- 
croft says the London adventurers had an exclusive right to occupy 
the regions from 34 to 38 deg. north lat., the western men between 
■41 and 4.5 deg.] 
March 13 14. Sir Ferdinando Gorges to Chalinge. Is satisfied with his pro- 
rivmouth. ceedings in the voyage [to New England]. Advises him not to be 
" overshott " in accepting recompence for their wrongs and losses, 
seeino- they were the first that sent to the coast and had in return 
but fi've savages. Their demands must not be for less than 5,000/., a 
ship having been sent two months after his departure with supplies 
and others in preparation, all of which are likely to be frustrated 
through Chalinge's misfortune. Begs he will take the savages 
and company over with as much speed as possible " for we will not be 
tired with their delays and endless suits." 

May 21 15. " Relation of the discovery of our river from James Fort into the 

Main ; made by Capt. Christopher Newport, and sincerely written 
and observed by a gentleman of the colony." In form of a journal 
which commences on Thursday 21st of May 1607. Capt._ Newport, 
havincr fitted out a shallop with provisions and all necessaries belong- 
inc to^'a discovery, took with him five gentlemen, four marines, and 
fourteen sailors, whose names are given, with a perfect resolution 
not to return without finding the head of the river or some issue. 
Every thing that befel them is described in detail, particularly their 
proceedings with the diff"erent tribes of Indians with whom they met 
on their voyage of discovery. On 27th May, the day before their 
return, " having ended their discovery " their fort was assaulted by 
above 200 savages and in the skirmish eleven of their men were 
wounded, one of whom died, and a boy was killed. Four of the 
Council were hurt and their President Mr. Wynckfeild [Edward 
Winii-field] had a "shot clean through his beard, yet escaped unhurt. 
This'^journal ends on 21st June 1607, when Capt. Newport dined 
ashore and " invited many of us to supper as a farewell." A nnexed, 

15. I. Description of the now discovered river and country of 
Virginia; tvith the likelihood of ensiling riches by 
England's aid and industry. 

15. n. Brief description of the people. Their King is called 
" Great Pawatan," and has nl Irnsf 20 kingdoms under 
his cloininion. Dress. Genrnil niijini nmce. Not a grey 
eye among them. The wonu n <lo nil the vjork. The men 
hunt and goat iJicir plrnsurc. Habitations. Forty or 
fifty dwell togctln r in n hatto or small village. Mode of 
living. Proper hi.-^fy straight men, run exceedingly 
swiftly. Warfare. Entertainment. So practised in the 
art of stealing that tvhile looking in your face they will 
with their toes take a chisel, knife, or any light thing, 
and hoUrit an injury to have the thing stolen taken from 



Vol. I. 

them. Kntvvalbj ri'i 

Aug. LS, 


Dec. 18. 

iSt. George 

July 7 


Jan. 23. 


our ti-i 


ni io irenclicni, hut ivcre found "in 

i/,e n>rr" r^itlicr a nn,^t kJ n<L and loriug 

,,y t..I.,nr.,tn tin' .,,,>. ][,,,; nudllj trllYS 

r,,r </x lo,„l,l p,rr,nytl,r,j k,rp Const.nit:' 

PaivatiUh has most ivives. The great disease reigns in 
the men generally. Observed great respect " luhen they 
savj ns at prayer." A very witty and ingenious p)eople. 

Dudley Carleton to John Chamberlain. ArrJval of Captain New- 
imrt from Virginia, he having left the adventurer.s in an island in 
tlie midst of a great river 120 miles in the land. Much commenda- 
tion written of the air, soil, and commodities of the country. No 
silver nor gold. The adventurers cannot yet be at peace with the 
natives ; l)ut have fortified themselves ami built a small town, which 
they call James Town, and date their lettei-s from. Tliinks it hath no 
graceful name ; doubts not the Spaniards will say it comes too near 
Villiaco. Captain Warman, a special favourite of Sir Walter 
Copes, taken in the act of shipping himself for Spain, with intent, 
it is thought, to defeat " this Virginian attempt." A Dutchman 
writes in Latin from the new town, in Virginia, Jacohopolis. 
Letter received from Geo. Percy, who calls it James-fort, " which 
we like best of all the rest, because it comes near to Chelms-ford." 
[E.rinirt froui Domestic Corresp. Joe. /., Vol XXVII I., No. Si 

16. Geo. Popham, President of the Second Colony of Virginia, to 
the King. Fahanida, one of the natives who visited Britain, has 
spread throughout the colony the praises and virtues of the Kino-, in 
which the whole Virginia plantation join. Enumerates some of the 
products of the colony. Latin. 

John Chamberlain to Dudley Carleton. A ship, long missing, has 
returned from Virginia. She went out last year in consort with 
Capt. Newport, and after much wandering, found the port, tliree or 
four days after his departure for England. [Extract from Domestic 
Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. XXV F., Xo.1.3, Cal. p. U6.] 

17- Map of Virginia, discovered and described by Capt. John 
Smith, graven by Wil. Hole. In the left top corner is an engraving 
with this inscription " Powhatan held this state and fashion when 
Capt. Smith was delivered to him prisoner." In the opposite corner, 
is a figure of one of the Sasquesahanouys [Susquehannah], " a giant 
like people and thus attireil." [A beautifully preserved copy of the 
original map, similar to that inserted in Smith's Virg. and in 

John Chamberlain to Dud. Carleton. Arrival of a ship from 
Virginia, with petty commodities and hopes of more. She has 
brought divers sorts of wood, soap ashes, pitch, and tar, certain 
unknown kinds of herbs for dyeing, including, as is supposed, 
cochineal. [On M Feb. Cliamberlain writes, that John Dun seeks to 
be preferred Secretary of Virginia. Extracts from Domestic Corresp, 
Jac. I., Vol. XLIIL, Nos. 39 and 76, Cal. pp. 487. 492.] 


1G09. ^''^"■^- 

]\Iay 3. Earl of Snlisbnvy to the Officers of Customs. All commodities 

AVliitehall. shipped for Virginia for the use of the King's subjects there, to 
bo free of custom and other duties. [Domestic Corresp. Jac. I., 
Y,l.XLV.,KoA(), C<d.2>. r,OS.] 
May 23. Grant to Eobt. Earl of Salisbury, Thos. Earl of Suffijlk, Hen. 

U'csiiiiirifter. Earl of Southampton "Will. Earl of Pembroke, Hen. Earl of 
Lincoln, and numerous others, the recapitulation of whose names 
occupies twenty-eight pages, of incorporation, by the name of the 
Trensiirer and Company of Adventurers, and Planters of the City of 
London, for the first Colony in Virginia. Hen. Earl of Southamp- 
ton and divers others to be the Council for the Company; Sir 
Thos, Smith, Treasurer. [Colon i,d Entry Blc, Vol. LXXlX.,pp. -19- 
Mny 23. Minutes of the above. [Colonial Corresp. 1607, Jan. 9, Grant 
Blc, Domestic Jac. I., p. 65.] 
May ? IS. Will. Stallenge to the Earl of Salisbuiy. Sends letters by Sir 

Walt. Cope's directions, concerning the Virginia business [vxintinijl. 
The coming of Sir Thos. Gates is much desired, so that the shijis 
may be speedily despatched, considering the great charges of 
the adventurers. Sir Geo. Somers has been there these two days, 
and the ships will be ready to sail this next day. Their people are 
all well. [On the 2.5th July 1609 ; And. Buckler, in a petition to Salis- 
bury to be admitted to certain tenements in AVyke Regis, states that 
two years past he went an adventurer to Virginia, and is about to 
return thither. Sec Domestic Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. XL VII., Xo. 50, 
Cal. 2K5-i\.] 
Oct. 4. 19. Capt. " John PadclyefFe, comenly called " to the Earl of Salis- 

Jomes Town, bury. Sir Thos. Gates, Sir Geo. Somers, Capt. Newport, and about 180 
persons are not j^et arrived ; it is much feared they are lost as well 
as a small pinnace. The other ships have all come in, but with great 
loss of men by the calenture, and most of them much weather- 
beaten. Capt. Argoll was found in an English ship riding at James 
Town. They heard that all the Council were dead, but Capt. [John] 
Smith, President, who reigned sole Governor and is now sent home to 
answer some misdemeanors. George Percy, my Lord of Northumber- 
land's brother, is elected President, and Mr. West, brother to Lord 
De la Warr, of the Council, with himself and Capt. Martin. One 
hundred men have been planted at the falls, others, elsewhere. Is 
raising a fortification upon Point Comfort. The wood is so thick, 
and the laboirr to prepare the ground so great, that he advises the 
directors of this business to send a sufficient supply of victuals for 
one year. [On 15 Dec. 1609, Lord Southampton M'rites to Lord 
Salisbury, that he had told the King of the Virginia squirrels brouglit 
into England, which are said to fiy. The King very earnestly 
asked if none were provided for him, and whether Salisburj^ had 
none for him, and said he Avas sure Salisbur}' woidd get him one. 
Vv^ould not have troubled him, "but that you know so well how he 
is aflPected to these toys." Du.mestic Corresp. Joe. I., Vol. L., Xo. 65, 
Gal. p. 573.] 



IGOfl. '"^■"• 

Is'ov. 15. Grant to Richanl Gvffor<l, of licence ti> iinport hawks from New- 
foundland. {Gnr„t Bonk, DoMF.sTir Jar. I., p. G 1 .] 

]601)-1G5IJ. iO. Notes ivlatin-- to several Plantations, many of which will be 
found calendared in their chroRcloi;'ical dates; others not tlius 
mentioned may lie ahstracted as follows: — Virginia. Sir Fras. 
Wyatt, Governor, desires commission fur a court-martial, with limi- 
tations in of life, 1623. Governor, 1626, 1640. A new charter 
for a Governor and 12 assistants. Best silk grass grows towards 
the southward; an earth of the nature oi terra li'inniu to be had in 
Potowmac river. Vi'il. Claybourne, Secretarj- of State for Virginia, 
IG-Sl. Rich. Kemp, Secretary, IGo.S. Sir. Geo. Yeardley, Gov. 
and Capt.-Gen., IG'9. C:\\<t. Smith, sole Governor, without as- 
sistants, 1609. Sir Thos. Siiiitli. 12 years Governor. Sam. Argoll, 
Admiral and Principal Governor, 1618. MaI{YL.\ND. Lord Baltimore 
gives reasons against uniting the Government of Maryland with 
Virginia, 1652. Grant to Lord Baltimore of part of the territory of 
Virginia; Sir .Tcihn Harvey ordered to help Baltimore in his planta- 
tion, 29 Sept. lG3k Newfouxdlano. Letters Patent granted by 
Jas. I., Anno Reg. 21, to Lord Baltimore, of tlie province of Avalon ; 
and by Chas. L, Anno Reg. 8., of the province of Maryland. Bar- 
BADOES. Sir Geo. Ayscue .sent to reduce colonies and plantations in 
rebellion to the Commonwealth, 1651. Col. Dan Searle, Governor, 
1652. Maj. Huncks, Governor, 1639. Capt. Cha.s. Wolverton, 
Governor, 1631. Sir Wm. Tufton, tiovernor, 1629. America. Com- 
mi.ssioners for the affaii-s of, in 1652, were Thos. Pove}', Tobias 
Bridges, anil John Mill; one Hodges. Sec. GuiANA. The air 
very healthful; infinite number of ri\-ers ; attempted by Sir Walter 
Raleigh, who " was ruined by King James ; " since by Harcourt and 
others. AcAUiA. Letters Patent to Sir Wm. Alexander recitetl ; 
Alexander's grant to La Tour ; seizure by Maj. Sedgewick ; Letters 
Patent to La Tour, Thos. Temple, and Wm. Crown, 10 Aug. 1656 ; 
La Tour resigns his title ; discovery by Cabot ; Henry IV. of France, 
his patent to Mons. do Monts, 8 Nov. 1603. Canada. Sir Wm. 
Alexaniler, Robt. Charlton, and Wm. Berkeley, Commissioners fur 
the gulf and river of and i)arts adjacent, 1632." 
April 29. Grant to the Company of Adventurers and Planters of New- 
foundland of incorporation and a portion of territory ; directions for 
government ; a special exception as to fishing, whether by the 
King's subjects or any other nation. [Docqnct. Domestic Jac. 7. J 

June 15. 21. Sir George Somers to Salisbury. On their voyage to Virginia, 
James Town they Were taken with a great storm, about 100 leagues from 
irginia. Bermuda, which sundered all the fleet. His ship sprung a leak, and 
from 23rd to 2Stli of July [1609], 100 men were kept working 
at two pumps night and day. On Friday, 28th Jul}', the island of 
Bermuda was seen, where their ship layed upon a rock a quarter of 
a mile from the shore. All lives were saved, and much of their 
goods, but their bread was lost. From 2Sth July to 10th May, 


L610. ^--I- 

they built two small barks, and left Bermuda on ISth May with 
1 40 men and women for Virginia, where they arrived on 23rd May. 
At Cape Hemy they were told of the famine at James Town ; they 
hastened there, and found it true. Every living thing had been 
eaten, and some had fed upon snakes or adders. Describes how, 
by the industry of tlie Governor, Sir Thomas Gates, the people 
gradually recovered, except three, who had died. They were going 
down the river in four pinnaces wlien they met Lord De la Warr, 
the Lord Governor, upon which they returned to James Town. 
They found no savages, for they had nothing to trade in but mul- 
berries. They are now in good hope to plant and abide there, for 
greater care than ever is taken. Is going to Bermuda for fish and 
hogs ; it is the most plentiful place he ever went to for such pro- 
visions, as well as fowls. Has sent a brief of the island of Bermuda. 
\W, lilting. Sir Geo. Somers died, 9 Nov. 1611. See Book of 
Al'sfmcfs of Inquisitions, Post-mortem. Dojiestic Corresp. Jac. I., 
V.l LXXiX., Cal.p. 268.] 

July ? 22. Tlins. Lord De la Warr to Salisbury. Has met with very much 

comfort yet mingled with as many lamentable accidents since his de- 
parture. Leaves the relation of them to the bearer, Sir Thos. Gates, 
who was " the fii"st that found our men in misery." On 1st April 
three good ships and 150 persons left Cowes to land as planters in 
Virginia. Account of their voyage, beset with hard weather and 
contrary winds, two of the .ships lost their anchors. Arrived at 
Cape Henry on 5th June, in company with the Blessing, wherein was 
Sir Ferdinando Wenman. Met the next day with his own consort, 
which had been mis.sing eight weeks, and came to an anchor under 
Cape Comfort, " where I met with much cold comfort," as if it had 
not been accompanied with the most happy news of Sir Thos. Gates' 
arrival would have beeu sufficient to break his heart. Sir Thos. 
Gates, despairing of any supplie.s, had shipped the whole company 
and colony in t^^'0 small pinnaces, for England, having but 30 days' 
^^ctuals left for his hungry company. Sent to give Gates notice of 
his arrival, and on 10 June landed at James Town, a very noisome 
and unwholesome place, occasioned much by the mortality of the 
people. Had the town cleansed, and fishermen sent out to pro- 
vide food. Dispatched Sir Geo. Somers back to Bermuda, for 
store of hogs, flesh, and fish, to serve the whole colony for the 
winter, " the good old gentleman out of his love and zeal not 
motioning but most cheerfully and resolutely undertaking to per- 
form so dangerous a voyage." "Will use his best endeavoiu-s in 
settling and managing these affiiirs of the Company, though they 
were never so far out of order as he found them. Hopes very 
shortly to return something valuable to the adventurers who have 
so constantly seconded these as yet unfortunate proceedings. 
Endorsed, " Rec. in Sep. 1610." 


3. Instructions for such things as are to be sent from Virginia with 
;es for their better preservation, and the prices they sell for in 

notes foi 


Vol. I. 

England. They include sassafras, worth 50/. a ton, sarsaparilla, 
200/. a ton, galbanum, 100/. a ton, walnut, and other oils, wine, silk 
gi-ass, be.iver and otter skins, pitch and tar, sturgeon, caveare, and 
various sorts of wood, &c. 

IGIO? 2-k Valuation of the commodities growing and to ho had in 

Virginia, rated as the}' are worth. [Printed ; there are many more 
articles in this list than in the jireceding JIS.] 


Feb. 28. 2.5. Sir Thomas Roe to Salisbur}-. Has seen more of the coast, 
Tort d'Espaigne, from the river Amazon to Orinoco, than any Englishman alive, 
""' '^ " having passed the wild const and arrived at Port d'Espaignie. The 
Spaniards there are proud and insolent, yet needy and weak, their 
force is reputation, their safety is opinion. Will not exceed the 
honourable caution Salisbury gave him. The Spainards treat the 
English worse than Moors. News that the king of Spain intends 
to plant Orinoco. Men, cattle, and horses are arriving daily to be 
employed in fortifying the place, raising a new city, and in the con- 
quest of Guiana. Thinks " all will be turned to smoke." The 
Government is lazy, and has more skill in planting and selling 
tobacco than in erecting colonies or marching armies. Don Juan de 
Gambo, the late Governor of Caraccas, proscribed for treatino- some 
English well, and fled inland. Will try and confer with him, 
for he is a great soldier, and may be of service to England. Should 
Roe fail, hopes to bring over one. born a Venetian, of almost 
equal ability. [Roe was sent by Prince Henrv " upon a discovery 
to the West Indir.."] 

June 22. Thos. Lord De la Warr to Salislnny. Is weak from the effects of 

his long sickness, but no whit discouraged from ja-oceeding with the 
business he has undertaken if it be prosecuted as it is beo-un. Would 
not have returned so suddenly if the winds had fixvoured his inten- 
tention for the West Indies at his departure from Virginia. Dares 
T)oIdly say that there was never more hope than at present. 
Doubts not but to give full satisfsiction to every doubt or scandal 
that lies upon that country, fearing nothing less than an honourable 
and profitable end, if it be not let fall. [Domestic Corresp Jac I 
Vol. LXIV., Xo. 53, Cal. p. 48.] ' "' 

Aug. 17. 26. Sir Thomas Dale to [Salisbury]. Enlarges on the pious and 

James Town, lieroic enterprise to which he has observed Salisbury lends no busy 
irginia. thought SO much welconie and grace. Testifies to the salubrity of 
the air, and the good soil of the country, and its numerous commo- 
dities which he describes Appeals to him, as a true lover of God and 
his country, to advance this work to it's proper height, and to send 
such labourers "as may take off the film of ignorance and simplicity 
which veil the eyes of these poor wretches from looking upon their 
own beauty." Confesses it is an enterprise of charge, but boldly 
afiirms that if furnished with 2,000 men by April next, he would, 
in two ye.ars, settle a colony ready to answer all ends and expec- 


](J1I. ^^•^'■•^- 

tatious. Would Ijy such nieiins overmaster the subtle, mischievous, 
Great Powhatan, and througli him the neighbouring savages. De- 
scription of the several places where he would settle plantations. 
The first should be at Point Comfort, the second 15 miles from 
thence, at a place called Diskaick, the third at James Town, the 
fourth at Arsahattacks, 80 miles up the river from James Town ; 
would advise that the fifth lie 10 miles above, to command the 
head of the river. Necessity of making good these several seats, 
without which it will be in vain to strive any longer to settle a 
handful of wretched people, and to look foi' great expectations from 
tlieir labours. Present impossibility of benefit to the company. In- 
stances the prolific nature of the soil, and the coldness of men to 
this great work. Great advantages of the two plantations he pro- 
poses at Arsahattacks, and at the head of the falls ; if the 2,000 men 
were sent with six months' provisions, lie would never after cliarge 
the company with any supplies for them. On account of the difiiculty 
of procuring men in so short a time, all offenders out of the common 
gaols condemned to die should be sent for three years to the colony ; 
so do the Spaniards people the Indies. Tlieir little colony murmurs 
at their present state for want of English provisions. The 300 dis- 
orderly persons he took with him are so profane, so riotous, and so full 
of mutiny, that not many are Christians but in name. Their bodies 
are so diseased and crazed tliat not sixty of them may be employed 
upon labour. Has thus appealed to him, and shown how the colony 
may become prosperous. A Spanish carvall, fitted with a shallop 
for discovery, lately came into tlieir river, anchored at Point Com- 
fort, and sent, in search of a pilot, three Sjianiards ashore, who he 
has detained prisoners. Leaves to his Lordship the consideration of 
the danger likely to l;>efall tlieni from their weak and unfortified 

Dec. 18. John Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carleton. Newport, the Admiral 

London. of Virginia, newly come home, brings word of the arrival there 

of Sir Thos Gates and his company. Lady Gates died by the way 
in some part of the West Indies. Her daughter sent home again, a 
prognostication that Sir Thos. means not to tarry long after. [Extract 
from Domestic Corresj). Jac I., Vol. LXVII., A^o. 104, Cal. p. 101.] 

Feb. 1 2. Chamberlain to Carleton. A lottery in hand for furthering the 

London. Virginia voyage. An under company erecting for the Bermudas, 

Avhich has twice changed name, being first christened Virginiola, but 
now resolved to be called Somers Island, because of the continual 
temperate air and in rememl irance of Sir Geo. Somers, who died 
there. {Extract from Domestic Corresj). Jac. I., Vol. LXVIII., 
Xo. 62, C'd.p. 120.] 

Feb. Letter to the Governor and Company of Virginia. To suffer 

Daniel Tucker, a personal adventurer since the first plantation, to 
pass by the next ship. [Ducqvd. Domestic Jae. L] 



Vol. L 

Miircli 12. Grant to the Earls of Salisbury, Suffolk and otliLTs, the Conipany 

Wesiminster. of Adventurers and Planters in Virginia, continning all their turnier 

privileges, and granting tlieni more extensive property ami more 

ample jurisdiction than in their former grant of 23 May 11109. 

[Colonial Entvij Bl:, Vol. LXXIX., j^p. Isl-lOk] 

I Mar. 12.] 27. Extract of the ahove. Power to hold four Courts during the 
j-ear to be called the four great and general Courts of the Council and 
Company of Adventurers for Virginia, to elect Councillors, appoint 
officers for government of the affairs of the Company, and make 
laws for the good of the plautatiMU. 

April 18. Sir John Digby to Salisbury. It is thought [the Spanish Ambas- 
Maihicl. sador] will Ije directed to intreat the King to remove the plantation 
in Vii-ginia, first by fair means. Knows many consultations have 
been had for supplanting the English, but cannot learn that any 
particular resolution is taken. It is concluded that tlie settlement 
of the English there is not to be permitted [Copy. Extract from 
Domestic Corrcsp. J,,,-. T, Vol. LXVIII., No. 100, Cal. /,.' 12(;. 
Orhjinul in Cirrrcsp. Spain. In the despatches of 1()12 from 
the English Ambassador at Madrid numerous piassages will be 
found relating to the jjlantation of Virginia ; the jealousy of 
the Spaniards, the reports of prepai-ations to destroy it, and ridicule 
of the business, which was held not unlikely to sink of itself, the 
first undertakers having grown so weary of su)jplying the charge 
" that they were fain obliged to make a general kind of begging," 
by way of lottery to sustain it. The Spanish Amba.ssador in London, 
Don Pedro de Cunega, also writes to the King of Spain on this 
.subject, 22 Sept. IGl 2. Although some supjiose the plantation to 
decrease he is credibly informed that there is a determination to 
marry some of the people that go over to the Virginians ; forty or 
fifty are already so married, and English women intermingle and are 
received kindly by the natives ; a zealous minister has been wounded 
for reprehending it. A lottery set on foot to raise 20,000 ducats and 
send away six ships with all the people that can be procured. Thinks 
it will be an easy matter " to remove these people," ai;d that now it 
will be to the ptirpose to punish them, for they boldly attempt furthei 
plantations having alreadv begun another in Terra Nova. Corirsp. 
Spain, IjidosunC }:i May 1(1 i:j.] 

July 9. John Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carleton. It is generally believed 

I.onJou. tliat the Spanish Ambassador will expostulate about the PjUglish 
planting in Virginia. Fears the plantation will fall to the ground 
of itself " by the extreme beastly idleness of our nation," who, not- 
withstanding the and diligence used to support them, will rather 
starve than be industrious. Ships lately arrived from thence bring 
nothing but discomfort and that Sir Thos. Gates and Sir Thos. Dale 
are quite out of heart. Ten men sent to fish for their relief, slipped 
away to England and fill the town with ill reports, Avhich will hinder 


1612. ^'"''■'- 

that business more tlian the lottery will further it. Order taken to 
have tlie runawa^-s punished or at least sent back again. [E.vbrtct 
from BoyiEHTic Cor irs^K Joe. /., Vol LXX., No. i, CaL jx L37.] 

Aug. 2 ? Henry Earl of Northampton to the King. The Bermudas Company 
advertised of the safe arrival of their ship.s. The Spaniards, dismayed 
at tlie frequency of liurricanes, durst not adventure there, but call 
it Damoniorum insuhivi. The English merchants have sent home 
some amber and seed pearls, " which the devils of the Bermudas 
love not better to retain than the angels of Castile do to recover." 
The island abounds in swine, fowl, and fish, which moves our men 
to grow more confident in the safe possession of a place they inhabit 
so peaceably. {E.d raci fromDoyiEsnc Corresp.'Jo.c. I., Vol. LXX., 
Xo. 23, Cal.p. UO.J 

Oct. 1 0. 2S. Sir John Digby to Sir Dud. Carleton. Advertisement received 

Madrid. of ships Sent from Andalusia, ready to attempt the settlement of Vir- 
ginia. News since come from Seville that tiie Spaniards have 
overthrown the English in Virginia. Has been assured by the 
Secretary of State that no such information had come to his know- 
ledge, but he added that the Spaniards were much discontented that 
the plantation had been "handled" in the Council of State in 
England, and that they thought it very unfit that a com])any of 
voluntary and loose people, as he termed them, should be allowed to 
pi-oeeed in what might prove of so much inconvenience to the King 
of Spain. [C'vy. ^Extract. Orig. in Corrcsp. Spaik.] 

Slay 1 3. 29. Digby to the King. There has been fui-ther consultation con- 

Madrid, cerning Virginia, but no resolution taken. It is hoped in Spain 
that the business will fall of itself, though Don Pedi-o de Cunega, 
[the Spanish Ambassador] when last in England, demanded that the 
removing of the plantation migiit be n(j longer deferred. [Extract. 
Copy. Orig. in Cnrn .</>. Si'AI.N', \\]it.'ic in this year several despatches 
fi-om the English AnilasMidT ,it Ma'Irid will be found in reference 
to the consuitatidu.s al>out the plantation in Virginia and the reso- 
lutions taken by tlie Spanisli Government therein. The Spaniards 
hope the plantation will ftill of itself To endeavour to discover 
the true state of Virginia, one Clarke, an Enghsli pilot, was kejit 
a close prisoner and sent to the gallics. It was hoped " business 
of that nature " would grow much colder after the death of Prince 

Aug. L 30. John Chamberlain to Sir Dud. Carletcm. Many gentlemen who 

Wart- I'ark. were pei'suaded to underwrite their names for adventurers when the 
Virginia business was at the highest, having flatly refused to pay 
their adventure, were sued in Chancery, where the action finds such 
favour that they are forced to fulfil their contract, M-hich amount.s to 
between 3,O00L and 4,000/. Sir Walter Cope cannot protect Wil. 
Lytton, Carleton's cousin, from disbursing his share, 40?. [Copy. 
Extrod. In the original letter, Domestic Corre^p. Jac. /,, Vol 
L .YA7 F., Xo. 49, CoL^p. 197, Chamberlain also .states that a ship had 


jg^g VOL.L 

lately arrived from Yirgiuia with news of their well doing, which 
puts some life into that action before almost at the last. Tlie daufjh- 
ter of a king, their greatest enemy, lias been taken captive, for whose 
ransom her father offers to become their friend, and to point out 
gold mines. Three conditions were oflered to him, viz., to deliver 
all the Eiiglisli fugitives, all manner of arms that have come into 
their hands, and 300 quarters of corn. These were agreed to. The 
sliip brings no commodities from thence, but onlvfair tales andhojies. 
Pearl and ambci'gris to the value of !)()()?. brought from IJernuidas.] 

Aug. 28. Grant to llobert Harcuurt, Sir Thus. Clialiuuer, and Juhu Roven- 
son, and to the heirs of Harcourt, of all that part of Guiana or 
Continent of America between the rivers Amazon and Doilesquebe. 
[Gnnit Book, Domestic Jwc. /., p. 126.] 

Aug. 28. Minute uf the above. [Cdnnid Corirs2>., 1G07, Jan. 9.] 

18 H. de Montmorency, Admiral of France, to King James. Com- 

28 plains of depredations committed upon some French subjects in 
Fontainebleau. Canada, Called New France, by an English vessel the Treasurer, 
Capt. Sam. Agail [ArgoU]. Tlie English attacked a small set- 
tlement ^petite habitation) made by permission of the King of 
France, at the expense of tlie Marchioness of Guercheville, Lady of 
Honour to the Queen, killed many men, among them two Jesuits, 
and took two others prisoners into Virginia. The remainder of 
the men were put into a little skiff and abandoned to the mercy of 
the waters ; and the design has been thus ruined. Requests justice 
for such inhumanities, and King James' commands in three tilings ; 
that the two Jesuit fathers be sent back in safety with the other 
prisoners; that the Marchioness have restitution for the of more 100,000 livres ; and that the Council or Society of Virfdnia 
explicitly declare the bounds of their country, it having been con- 
ceived that the disorder may have arisen through the neighbourhood 
of the two settlements. Reminds the King that the French liave 
had possession of New France for more than 80 years. Hopes a 
prudent remedy may be found, and a favourable answer returned 
through Mons. de Buisseaux, the French Ambassadoi'. French. 
[Corresp. France. 18 Oct. 1613.] 

Oct. 27. John Chamberlain to Sir Dud. Carleton. Great store of amber- 

London, gris from the Somers Islands this 3'ear, the only commodity as yet. 
People begin to nestle and plant there very liandsomely. Tlie 
Spaniards, nothing pleased thereat, threaten to remove them next 
year, but the inhabitants are nothing dismayed, trusting rather to 
the difficulty of access, than to any other strength of their own. 
A piece of ambergris fomid as big as the body of a giant, the liead 
and one arm wanting, but so foolishly handled, that it brake in 
pieces. The largest piece brought home, was not above 68 ounces, 
which sells for 12 or 15 shillings an ounce more than smaller pieces. 
\ Extract from Domestic Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. LXXIV., No. 89, Cal. 
p. 203.] 


1G13. ^'""'- 

Nov. 3. 3L Sir John Digby to Sir Dudley Carletou. " Hot dispute" with 

Madria. tlio Spanish Secretary of State, about the English plantations in 
Virginia. The Secretary complained of King James giving per- 
mission to his subjects to plant in Virginia and the Bermudas, which 
of right belonged to the King of Spain, whose title to those lands, 
he urged, was indisputable by the conquest of Castile, and by the 
Pope's Bull of Donation. Arguments on both sides. Desires the 
Secretary would provide against th.e English merchants being 
wronged b_y way of fact, and that disputes as to title might be 
decided bj' fair courses between the two Kings. [Copy. Extract. 
Orhj. in Correxp. Spain.] 

IG 13? 82. Account of the Countries and Pi evinces at this time actually 
possessed by the Spaniards and Portuguese in the "West Indies. 
Almost all included within the two tropics, except two small towns, 
St. Augustin and St. Helena, in Florida. The Spanish towns 
within "the Straits of MageUan, found by [Thos.] Candish [Caven- 
disli], in both his voyages, " utterly ruined and dispeopled." The 
i.slands possessed by the Spaniards are St. Juan de Puerto Eico, 
Hispaniola, Cuba, and Jamaica ; the great multitude of those other 
small islands adjoining, either desolate or inhabited only by a few 
savages. All countries on the east part of America, from 32 to 72 
degrees N.L., have not, nor never had, Spanish colony planted. 
They belong to the Crown of England by right of discovery and 
actual possession, taken on behalf of the Queen by the deputies of 
Sir Walter Raleigh, " and bj- the two English colonies thither de- 
ducted, whereof the later is yet there remaining." They should not 
be given over to the Spaniards, who have already more than they can 
well wield. Discover}^ and possession of New Albion by Sir Eras. 
Drake. Arguments whether an Englishman may trade to the West 
Indies ; it is contended, that the sea and trade are common to all, 
both by the law of nature and of nations, and that the voyages of 
Sir John Hawkins and Sir Eras. Drake were " no private but 
public actions." Answers to the Bull of Pope Alexander VI., dated 
1493, Tipon which the title of the King of Spain. [See 

1G13? 83. Copy of the preceding, temp. Car. II. Endorsed by Wil- 


May 1 2. John Chamberlain to Sir Dud. Carleton. Sir Thos. Gates is come 

London. from Virginia. He brings word that if that plantation be not 
]jres£ntly supplied, it will foil to the ground, and speaks of wonder- 
ful co.i.modities to be had there, if with patience and cost they -were 
brought to perfection. [On 1 9 May, Chamberlain writes, that Dick 
^Martin came to the Parliament House, as a Councillor, to plead for 
the upholding of the Virginia Colony, but so schooled the House that 
he was called to the bar to make submission. Lords Southampton, 
Shefheld, and De la Warr were present to countenance the cause. 



Vol. I. 
[Ketr.idsfrnni Domestic Corresp. Jac. I.. Vol LXXVII., Xo^. ti, 
'2(), (Jill p. -io-i. The pruceediiigs in Parliniue-nt in this Imsinrss will 
he found entered in the ( ' .Journals ,.f 17 and is .May KM k| 

\D' 'Collet. DoMlSTir 

Sept. -20. 

Letter to Sir Thos. Dale, Mar.shal ol 


send liDUie hy the next ship Eliezer Hoj 

Feb. 2-2. 


Tlie Privy Council to the 'Mayor :ii 
Send a true decdaration of the state 

Aldermen df ( auterburv. 

• the English eolony in 
Virginia, together with a project by help of a hittrry, to liriiig that 
work to the success desired. Commend that worthy an 1 (J!l^l■^tian 
entei' to their care, and require that they will n.jiploy their best 
eudeavouns to per.suaile persons of ability to adventure in the lottery. 
Inclose from the Treasurer and Cr.uncil of Vii'ginia, books requisite 
for registering the sums adventured, which it is requested may be 
retui-ned with the money eolleeteiJ. | i'Ae I itrlosn re-: arc. vj<i utinff. 
Do.MESTic Corresp. Jac' I., V.,l. LXXX., Xo. 37, L'aJ. jk 274. S<<- 
4 March 1621.] 

June 29. The Bermudas Cliarter. (Irant t.) Henrv Earl of Soathanq)ton, 
\Ve,t.ui,i,t.-i-. Luey Countes.s of Bedford, Will. Earl of' Pembroke, Will. Loi-d 
Paget, Will. Lord Cavendish, Sir Kalidi Wiuwoud, Sir liobt. Rich, 
Sir Thos. Smythe, and others, of incorporation, b\- the name of the 
Covernor and Company of the City of London f>r the plantation 
of the Somers Islands, with sole goNt'rnnient and power to niak(^ 
laws, conformable to the Laws of Enuiand. [Co/.,,,/.*/ L'n/n/ BIr., 

Vn!.xvn.,j>p. i-4t;.] 

June 21). .Minute of the above, dat-d 2:1 Julv. [Colojihil Corrr.<p., KloT, 

Ja,> 0.] 

June 2:). ^Minute of the above. date<l 20 Julv. [drccif Bk , Domkstic 
./-■. L,;,. 177.J 
Kil fi. 

June :]. St. Sir Tho.s. Dale to Sec. Sir Ral[,h Winwood, Has saf.dy re- 

turneil from the hardest task he ever undertook. Left the colony 
[of Virginia] in great prosperity and peace, contrary to many men's 
expectations. Particidars of the .ship's cargo, commodities fi-om 
thence. Will present himself with the greatest speed, and give an 
account of that admirable countr}^, one of the goodliest and richest 
kingdoms of the world, wdiich ))eing inhabited by the King's sub- 
jects " will put such a bit into our ancient enemies mouth, as will 
curb his haughtiness of monarchy." [On 22 June Chamberlain 
writes to Carleton, that Sir Thos. Dale has brought from Virginia 
some ten or twelve of that country, among wdiom the most remark- 
able person is Pocahuntas, daughter to Powhatan, a King or Cacique 
there, married to one Rolfe, an Englishman. Hears of no other 
riches from thence, but sassafras, tobacco, pitch, and clap-ljoard. 
The counti-y good to live in if well stored with people, and might in 
time be commodious, but no present profit to be expected. Extract 
from Domestic Corrc^y. Jac. I.. Vol. LXXXVIT.,p. (J7, Cal. p. 375.] 


June Geo. Lord C'arew. Extracts from letter to Sir Thos. Roe, iu the 

form of a journal. Sir Thos. Dale returned from Virginia and 
brought divers men and women of that country to be educated in 
England. One Rolfe also brought his wife, Pocahuntas, the daughter 
of Powhatan, " the Barbarous Prince." The worst of that plantation 
is passed, and our men well victualled by their own industry, but 
j-et no pi'ofit retu]-ned. Little good to be expected from the Ber- 
mudas. Knows only of tobacco being made there. Rats have so 
multiplied that they destroy whatever is planted. 
Octolier. This month five planters in Bermudas, fearing, as they say, to die 
with famine, built a boat of about two tons, little bigger than a 
double wherry, and, provided with victuals, committed themselves to 
the mercy of the ocean, and safely arrived in England. Great fears 
for the success of that plantation. Is liO]ieless of any profit from 
thence. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. XC, No. 24, CkI pp. 

iniG. o5. Mom. in the handwriting of Sir Jos. Williamson concerning 

New Netherlands. About 161G or 1G17 some private persons of 
Amsterdam .set on foot a trade to the parts between 40 and 4.5 de- 
grees ; but upon complaint, in 1621, of Sir Dudley Carleton, the 
King's Aml)assador at the Hague, it was answered there was no 
plantation or settlement to impeach the English right. 

J.'in. IS. C'hanibcrlain to Carleton. The Virginian woman Pocahuntas, with her Ihtlicr eomisellor, have been with the King and graciously nsed ; 
lioth were well placed at the mask. She is upon her return, sorely 
against her will. [On 20th March, Chamberlain writes that the 
Virginian woman, whose picture he sent to Carleton, died last week 
at Gravesend, as she was returning home. E.dniefs fnriii Domkstic 
Corre.^p. Jac. I., Vol. XC, Xos. 25 and 14G, Cul. pp. 420. 453.] 

March. Geo. Lord Carew. Extracts from jonvnal sent to Sir Thos. Roe. 

Some four or nve "of your men " richly returned from the Amazon 
in a Holland ship. It is said that they brought home tobacco, 
which has been sold for 2,.300?., and some ingots nf gold. TIk^ rest 
remain there, and those come over mean to I'eturn. 
December. Capt. Harvey, v/ho was three years with Ri)l)t. Harcourt, in 
Guiana, gone again to try his fortune there. The liver Wiapoco to 
be his first harliour. He, with seventy men, are victualled for eleven 
months in a ship of 200 tons, and means the ship to return, and the 
men to stay there. [Extritds from Domestic Corresp. .Tm-. [.. 
Vol. XC v., No. 22, Ca I. pp. 5 1 4. 5 1 C.] 

Dec. 27. ."G. Lord Do la AVarr's covenant to Lord Zouch for his adventiu-e to 

Virginia. Lord Zonch having adventured 100?. with De la Warr in 
his present intended voj^age to Virginia, the latter agrees to pay all 
expenses for the transportation of seven men, and for their sub- 
sistence ; one-third profits of their laliour to be sent to England for 
the use of Lnr.l Zoueli. 


1(118. ^'^^^- ^• 

Jan 81. Cliainborlaiu to Carleton. Lonl Be la Wan- returning to Virginia ; 

]..Mi4nn. takes seven or eight score men \v-ith bim. Sir Tlios. Gates " makes 
account" to follow some time next summer. [Extract fnniiDoyiv.'r^- 
TIC C'orresir Joe L, Vol. XGV., No. 27, C'<d. p. olS.J On t]i.> 
IG March following Chamberlain writes tliat De la Wan- has at last 
set out for Virginia. [Ibid. Vol. XC'VI., Xo. 63, 'p- 527.] 

May o. 37. Lord Admiral Nottingham's pass for the Edwin of London 

returned from Virginia. [On i May Joitn Bargrave, owner, and 
Ja.s. Brett, master of the Edwin entered into a liond nf loo/, to 
indemnify Lord Zouch for delivering the ship with her cai-'^o up to 
them. Sec Domestic C'orrc.-<i>. Jac. I., l^o?. XCVIL, .Vu.'.r-ii, Co', 
p. 53S.] 

.Tune n. Lord Zouch to ('apt. Ward. Tntemls to adventure his |iinnnce 
with [C'apt. John] Bargrave to Virginia. Desires him to |ir<'iian: 
the bargain and ad\nso him of tlic best coui-se to he taken. \.][li>/itr. 
Domestic Corresp. Joe I., Vol. (JUT., Xo. H-, Col. p. 51.1.] 

Oct. ? 38. Project of the intended voyage to Virginia by Capt. Andrews 

and Jacob Braems, merchant, in the .Silver I'alcon, addressed to Lord 
Zouch. Their intention is to leave certain people in the country to 
plant tobacco and corn,and to excliange commodities with the English 
colony; to discover and trade with the savages; to fish u)»in tln^ 
coast of Canada, and exchange the fish when salted for conunoditics 
from Virginia. The nunnur of Lord De la Warr's death has discou- 
I'aged some who promised to adventure money and deterred othei-s 
who off"ered to go in person. Entreat his protection, .and that they 
may enjoy the privilege of free trade and p]antati(jn in those 
parts, promising in the event of any extraordinary benc^fit accruing 
to them that they will give a i)roportion towards the charges of the 
company. [On 14 Oct. Chamberlain \\Tites that Lord De la Warr 
died on his voyage to Vii-ginia, haN-iug touched at the Tereeras, 
where he was feasted and well used, but the sickness and death of 
him and of most of them that landed make it suspected that they 
had ill measure. The city is now ship[)ing thither a hundred 
young boys and girls who lay starving in the streets, the charge 
will not be above -oOO/. E.iirdH from DosiESTic Corrcf'p. Jac. /., 
Vol. cm., No. 3.3, Col. p. .-.81.] 

Oct. 1 !). Sir Edward Hext, Justice of the Peace of Somersetshire, to the 
Ni-iliorliam. Privy Council. Upon complaint that Owen Evans, Messenger of 
the Chamber, had pretended a commission to press maidens to be 
sent to the Bermudas and Virginia, and raised money therel.y, 
he issued a warrant for his apprehension. Evans's midue proceedings 
breed such terror to the poor maidens, that forty have fled from one 
parish to obscure places, and their parents do not know what h;is 
become of them. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CIIL, No. 42, 
C(d. p. .5SG. Another letter on this subject, with examinations en- 
closed, will be found Ibid. No. 87, Col. p. 591.] 

Oct. 2.^. John Pory to Sir Dudley Catleton. Capt. Yeardley chosen Go- 
London, vernor of Vii-ginia in Lonl De la Warr's place (wlio died in Canada) ; 


Vol. I. 

departs immediately tbitlier with two ships, and about 800 men and 
hoys. The greatest difticulties of that plantation [overcome]. 
" They begin now to enjoy both commodity and wealth." [Extract 
from Domestic Corresp. Jac /., Vol. CIIL, No. 46, Cat f. 587-] 
On 28 Nov., Chamberlain writes, that Capt. Yeardley, " a mean 
fellow," goes Governor to Virginia, two or tliree ships being ready. 
To grace him the more, the King knighted him this week at New- 
market, " which hath set him up so high, tliat he flaunts it up and 
down the streets in extraordinary bravery, Avith fourteen or fifteen 
lair liveries after him." {Ibid, No. 110, Cal p. 698.] 

Nov. 10. Grant to the Governor and Company of Adventurers of London 
trading to Africa, of divers privileges to them and their successors. 
{Mhude. Grant lik. Domestic Jac. I., p. 268.] 

Dee. ? .39. Articles of Grievances mentioned in the petition of the 

Western ports, touching those of the plantation of Newfoundland. 
The planters have put sundry of the petitioners from the ehiefest 
places of fi.shing ; great quantities of their provisions have been 
appropriated ; they have been prevented from taking birds, which 
are used for bait ; fees have been exacted from them ; and 
pirates harboured to their great prejudice. [On 19 Oct. 1618, the 
Earl of Bath incloses a petition of the merchants of Devon [want- 
ing^ to the Privy Council, concerning some hard measures offered 
them in their fishing at Newfoundland, by those of the late plan- 
tation there, which he recommends to their ftivourable considera- 
tion, and that the merchants may be secured from further dis- 
turbance in the enjoyment of their privileges. Domestic Corrcap. 
Jac. I., Vol. CIIL, No. 48, Cal. p. 586.] 

Dec. ? 40. Answer of the Company of the Plantation of Newfoundland to 

tlie articles of grievances of the Western ports. Conceive that their 
chargeable maintenance of a colony entitle the inhabitants to clioose 
their fishing places. Know of no wrongs done to the fishermen. If 
taking of birds has been denied, it shall be ordered to the contrary. 
Utterly disclaim the exaction of fees. Complain that the very 
great damages they have received by pirates have almost over- 
thi'own the colony. Are desirous to join with the western men in 
that business, and for keeping good order in the coinitry. 
certain orders, wdiich have been jjublished in tlie King's name. 
Signed by John Slany, Treasurer, Hump. Handforde, Hump. Siany, 
liobt. Gairard, Win. Paine, and Wm. Freeman. Annexed, 

40. I. Proclamation hy JuJin Gtnj, Governor of Neiofoivndland, cdiuses and bad cu.stoms, by persons who 'it.^c 
the trade of fishing in those p)arts. Cooper's Cove, 1611, 
Aug. 13. \_Copy.'] 

[Dec] 41 . Reply of the Petitioners [of the Western ports] to the answer of 

the Governors tif Newfoundland plantation. No privilege given 
by tlie cliavtor to planters for fishing ).)efore otliers ; if choice of 


J 6 IS. 

Vol. I. 

jilaces is admitted contrary to common usage, the petitiuners con- 
tend tluit they ouglit rather to have it. De.sire tliat the iibertie.'s 
reserved to them 1;iy charter may be confirmed. Disckiim committing 
any abuse.s in the country, and request that the otfenders may be 
■ examined. The petitioner.s, knowing better how to manage the 
fishing than the pLanters can direct, decLare that they are altogetlier 
unwilling to be ordered by the planters, .or to join with them as 
they desire. Annexed, 

41. I. Extract of the Patent, [to Henry Earl of Korthamptun, Sir 

Fran. Bacon, and others, for the colony or plantation in 
Newfoundland, from 4G to 52 der/. Nor. lat., tor/ether with 
the seas and islands lying within- ten Icayucs of the ena^f.] 
reserving to a.ll manner of 2'>ersons of what natinn so- 
ever, as well as the English, the rirjht of traile and 
fishing ill " the p".rts aforesaid." Wcsfiainster, May -1, 
l.ilO. [Opy.] 

1618. 42. Jo. Smith to Lord Bacon. Incloses a paper concerning New 

England, the contents of which during 19 j^ears he has encountered 
no few dangers to learn. With .5,000/. he durst adventure to bring 
wealth, honour, and a kingdom to His Majesty's posterity. Annexed, 

42. I. Description cf New England, the extraordinary pirqfits 

arising fro'm the fisheries there, and the great facilities 
for plantation. Also a list showing the difference 
between the old and the new names in the map of Nevj 
England. To shoi'j the difference hetwixt Virgini" and 
New England has added maps of them hvfh. [2'h"t ef 
New England is v.n.nting.] 
42. II. .1 VI ry rough I'hru ," a description of the land <f Vir- 
gini'i, ' [ .' tJi.c Map referred to a.hove.'] 

1018. 4o. Seven articles which the Church of Leyden sent to the Council 

of England to be considered of, in respect of their judgments occasioned 
about their going to Virginia. Endorsed, " Copy of Seven Articles 
sent unto the Council of England by the Brownists of Leyden." 

161 ;». 

Feb. 15. 44. Warrant by Lord Zouch for John Fenner, capt. of the Silver 
Falcon, and Henry Bacon, master, to pass to Virginia and trade 
with the colony there, as also with the savages of those parts. 

Apl. 30. Thos. Locke to Sir D. Carleton. Great project in hand for a 
■\Vcstminstii-. plantation upon the River Amazon, near Guiana. A company to be 
erected, and Capt. North, brother to Lord North, to be Governor. 
The Earls of Arundel, Warwick, and others of great estate, adven- 
turers. [E.vtract from Domestic C'orresp. Jac. /., Vol. C'VIII., 
No. 85, Ccd. p. 41. On 26 Feb. 1620, Chamberlain writes that Lord 
Digby argues against North's journey to the Amazon as prejudicial 
to the King of Spain, adding that the Spanish Amba,ssador at his 
arrival would prevent it. Ibid., Vol. CXI I., No. 104, Col. p. 125. 
See Froclarimtion, 15 May 1620.] 

22 CULOiXlAL rAl'EKfe. 

IGID. ^-- '■ 

May (S. Cliamljerlain to Carlefcon. The Virginia Company have di.splacecl 
Loiidou. ,Sir Thos. Smythe and made Sir Edwin Sandys tlieir Governor, but 
tlie niatter is little amended, when the next court Smythe was con- 
firmed in his presidentship of the Somers Islands. Could hardly 
tell liow to resolve if i)ut to his choice. [Extract from Domestic 
CorrcsjK Jac.I., Vol. CIX., No. 18, CoL p. 44.] 

July oO. 45. RejiorL of proceedings in the General Assembly convened at 
James City in Virginia July r>(),v 161 9, consisting of Governor Sir 
Geo. Yeardley, the Council of State, and two Burgesses elected from 
each incorporation and plantation ; dissolved on 4th August. The 
iollowing ])laces sent two Burgesses eacli, viz: — James, Charles, and 
Jlenricus cities, Kiccowtan, Cajjt. John Martin's plantation, Sniythe's 
hundred, Martin's hnudred, ArgoU's gift, Flowerdieu hundred, and 
Capt. Lawne's and Capt. Warde's plantations. They sat in tlie 
choir of the church, the most convenient place tliey could find, the 
minister of which was Mr. Buck. A tax of 1 lb. of tobacco was 
ordered to be levied on eveiy man and manservant above 16 years 
of age, to be distributed to the speaker, the clerk and the serjeant 
of tiie Assembly, and the })rovost marshal of James City, for their 
great pains and laboxu'. During this short session orders wei'e agreed 
to concerning the rights of several of the Burgesses to their seats in 
tlie Assembly, committees were appniiited Lo examine into the Great 
Cliarter and the orders and laws sent by Sii- Goo. Yeardley. Several 
petitions were read respecting the jionso:: ion of divers ]iortions of 
land, erecting a University and College, and changing the savage 
name of Kiccowtan jilantation. The price of tobacco was fixed at 
3s. per lb. the best and ISd. tlie second. Laws were enacted for the 
conversion of the Indians to the Christian religion, the planting of 
corn, mulberry trees, silk flax, hemp, and vines, for the general order- 
ing of the colony and for "every man's private conceipt." Thos. 
Garnett, servant to Capt. Wil. Powell, was coudennied to stand four 
days with his ears nailed to the pillory, for extreme neglect of liis 
master's business and impudent abuse. Capt. Henry S})elman, who 
confessed to having spoken to the Indians very irreverently and 
maliciously against the government, was degraded of his title at the 
head of his ti'oop and condemned to seven years servitude to the 
colony, as interpreter to the Governor. Through the extreme heat 
and the alteration in the healths of the Governor and divers 
members, it was resolved tliat the 4th August should be the last 
day of. meeting of this first session. Endorsed by L'arldon, '"Mr. 
Poiy out of Virginia." 

IGUK •tn. Note of the ship[)ing, men, and provisions, sent to Virginia ly 

the Treasurer and Company. Twelve ships are enumerated in tliis 
list as having taken out 1,2G1 persons, in the year IGl!), making the 
number of English in Virginia to amount to about 2,4U0 souls ; the 
cattle to about 500 ; with some horses and goats, and infinite numlier 
of swine. Among the names of those who have given to the colony 
are Mary llobinson, who in 1(J18, by will, gave 200?. towards found- 


16 J I). ^«^- I- 

iiyj^-.i cluiicli ; ail uii]<iin\vu ]n'i30U 55U/. in gnM, lor luiiigiii-- ii[) tlic 
cliildiviicl' iuri.lels in tlio true relij^iou ; and AiL-liulas^ Ferrar, by 
will, oOOl. to the Collogo, to be iiaid whou ten intidel cliildreu arc 
placed in it. 

Jau. 2.S. Sir Edwin Sandys to See. Sir llobt. Naunton. The City of 
London. London lia\'e appointed one luiudred children. tVuiii their suiieriluous 
multitude, to lie transported to Virginia, there to be bound appren- 
tices, upon very beneficial comlitious. They have also granted 500/. 
for their passage and outfit. Some of the ill-disposed children, who 
under severe masters in Virginia may be brought to goodness, and 
of whom the City is especially desirous to be disburdened, declare 
their unwillingness to go. The City wanting authority to deliver, 
and the Virginia Company to transport these children against their 
will, desire higher authority to get over the difliculty. [Domestic 
Con-esp. Jac.L, Vol. CXI I., Nu. ID, C\d. p. ITS.] 

March o. -t?. Petition of the Council for the second colony and others, ad- 

venturers in the western parts of Englaud, for the i)lantatiou in the 
north of Virginia, to the King. Pray for the same privileges that 
have been granted to the first colom', and for an enlargement of 
their patent ; that their territories may be called New England, as 
named by Prince Charles, and the bounds settled from lU to -i-'i 
degrees of noiihern latitude. With reference to the Duke of Lenox 
aud the Earl of Aruinhd for their ojiiiiioii. 

Marcli .']. -is. Short aljstraet of part of the above petition, 

March l;j? Pvei|Uest by the planters of New England, so called by Prince 
Charles, that^the bounds thereof may be'settled from 10 to i-r> dog. 
Nor. hit., and so from sea to sea thro' the main a.s the coast lyeth. 
[Mlanle. Colonial Corresp., 1(309, j). S.] 

Mar. 1 S. k'). The Privy Council to the Mayors of sea-port towns in the 

wiiittlj^iii. West. To give directions to the masters of vessels bound to 
Newfoundland for the fishing voyage to forbear from all acts of 
hostility, and from such other disorders as have fieeii heretofore com- 
mitted ; and also to entertain friendly correspondence with those of 
the plantation. [Circular copy.'] 

A[]r. ? 50. Reasons to move the Privy Council to grant licence to export 

iron ore, kc. to Newfoundland, for the making of bar iron there. 
Endorsed, " Ordered 11 April 1620.'' 

May 15. Proclamation. Captain Ptoger North, and his fellow adventm-ers 
having contrary to command, secretly embarked for the intended 
plantation near the liver Amazon, the King declares his uttei- mis- 
like of their rash and insolent attempt, revokes any commission 
they may pretend to hold from His Majesty, and commands their 
immediate return and surrender, or their seizure by any ves.',els thaL 
may meet with them. Printed. [Fivdaraations, Jac. I. No. SO.] 


May 22. Sir Fras. Lovell tci Sec. Naunton. Atteinled the King on Satur- 
!St. John's, (lay last, with the rest of the Amazon Company, anil then yielded to 
such a resignation as His Majesty sliould devise. Being a recusant, 
and not able to appear at Coiu't nnder penalty of 100?., requests 
warrant for his protection. [DiiJiestic Corrf^ii. Jac. I., Vol. CXV-, 
Xo.ol. Calp. 147.] 

June 7. 51. Sir Edwin Sandys to the ^larcjuis of Buckingliain. Justities 

NortLbuiD. hini.self in expc-ing the courses vi Sir Tlios. Smythe and liis up- 
holder.s, whose management of the affairs of Virginia perpetually 
keeps down the prosperity' of the plantation, they having enriched 
themselves unlawfully and hazarded the utter extirpation of the 
colony. Declares that in one year with 8,000?. he did more for the 
advancement of that colony than was done by Sir Thos. Smythe in 
twelve years, at an exi:)ense of nearly 80,000?. Entreats that his 
answer maj^ be asked for, before judgment is given by tlie King, 
npon any complaints against him. Will cheeifally bestow one year 
more in the ])lace he held last year for Virginia,* if the King's ap- 
probation call him to it, and in such case will offer a project for 
raising a great and speedy revenue. Implores him, by the many 
greit graces wherewitli God hath furnished him, to protect and 
'■ repatriate the long exiled in His Majesties favour." 

July 8. Chamberlain to Garleton. Last week the Virginia Comi)any 

London. cliose tlie Earl of Southampton their Ti'casurer or Governor ; tliey 
hope matters will go forward there better than heretofore. Will 
send him a book of all their orders and constitutions, M'ith the 
names of adventurers, and tlie sums adventured. {^Extmrt from 
Domestic Corrcsp. Jac. I., Vol. CAT/., No. 1.3, Col. p. 162.] 
Nov 3 to 

1G39. 52. Extracts of several patents, grants, and deeds relating to New 

April 3. England, calendared under their respei'tive dates. 

Nov. 3. Patent of iiicnrporation to the Duke of Lenox, Mar([uis of 

Buckingham, and otliers, as the Council t^tablished at Plymoutli 
for the plantation and government of the second colony, lying 
between -iO and 48 degrees of North latitude, to be called New 
England, with power to choose to the number of 40, to bo of 
that Council. Certified copy. [ColovAol Entry Bl:, V„l. LIX., 
pp. 1-2S.] 

Nov. 3. Docquet of the aV>ove. [Grant BL, p. 332, Domestic J.o:. /.] 

Nov. 3. Absti-act of the above. [Cohrnhil C«rr,:sp., Vol. /., So. :,-l.\ 

Nov. 3. (Jrant to George, Marquis of Buekingli.-nu, (if a. seat in tlie Council 

ior the plantation of New England. \iir,ud BL:, p. 283, Domestic 

Jac. J.] 

Nov. 3. :\linute of the aliove. [Colon hd Corra^p.: 1(J07, Jan. 9.] 

Nov. 3. Siuiihirgr.ant to George [James], Maripiis uf Hamilton. ['J rant BL:, 

p. 323, Domestic Jac.^I.] 


1.120. V°^-I- 

Nov. S. .Minute of the aljove. [Colonh'l Corre.^i)., 1C()7, ./<'». 9.] 

Nov. 8. Similar graut to Thonui.s, Eaii of Arundel. [Gmiii. Bk., p. 2S), 

Domestic Jac. /.] 
Nov. 3. Minute of the above. {Colonial Corrcsp., 1607, Jan. <».] 

Nov. 3. Similar grant to Robert, Earl of WarAvick. [_Granf BL:, p. oi)7, 

Domestic Jac. /.] 

Nov. 3. Similar grants to Henry, Earl of Southampton, and William, Earl 

of Salisbury. [Grant BIc, p. 305, Do.mestic Jac. /.] 


March -I'. Order of the Privy Council upon the complaint of ParlianK'ni of 
\Vhituliall. tlie great abuse of lotteries for raising monies to«-ards the advance- 
ment of the plantation in Virginia, and tiie relief of the distressed 
eohmies thei-e ; suspending the same, and directing a proclamation 
to that effect to be prepared for the King's signature. [Colonial 
EnU-u Bl:, Ynl. LXXIX.. p. 20L] 

Marcli 6. "iS. Grant by Sir Geo. Yeardley, Governor of Virginia, to Geo. 
s<iiith;niipton liarrison, of Charles Citj^, gentleman, who hath abode in the 

V'ir^i'ni'a' t^ol'-'ny three years, of 200 acres of land, situate on the opposite side 
of the river over against the Governors " Mansion House," to be 
doubled by the Virginia Company when sufficiently planted and 
peopled ; 50 in his own personal right, and the other L50 for having 
transported at his own charge three servants. Jeremy Whiniard, 
Jas. Taylour, and Wil. Broomeman. [A large piece has been cat 
off one corner of tliis [Kqtcr. hut the mivninij porticn is supplied b'j 
!Sir Jos. WiUiarason.] 

March S. Proclamation. Upon request of those intending to make a plan- 
AVt-strainstc-r. tation in Virginia, the King commands the Virginia Company to 
forbear their licence for keeping and continuing any lottery. [Fru- 
clamations,Jac. I., Ko. 89.] 

March 1>. Grant by the Council of Plymouth to Capt. Mason of Cape Anne. 
[Colonial Corresp., 1C20, Nov. 3.] 

.March 16.] o\. Petition of the Treasurer and Company, with tlie Scottish 
undertakers of the plantations in Newfoundhmd, to the King. 
By twelve years' quiet possession, under Hi> .M.ijcsty s jiatent, 
Newfoundland has become a hopeful country, ciiipl"\ jn^- \ early 300 
ships, with 10,000 British seamen, and thereby relieving 20,000 
more poor people of the western parts of England, who wholly 
depend thereon for their maintenance. The customs of goods 
imported produce a yearly revenue of near 10,000?. The country 
has for many years been infested with pirates, and suffered exceed- 
ingly by the disorderly courses of the fi.shermen. Tlie King's 
subjects, both of England and Scotland, are now joined together, in 
hopes of making a more settled plantation there. The petitioners ] iray 
for a gTant to John Mason, the present Governor, empowering him 
to act as the King's Lieutenant in tliose }iarts, with two sliijis ov 
more, as shall be found i-equisite, and that Ik' ma}' have, to defray 


Vol, I. 

Lis cliargcs, five uoIjIcs, or 500 dry tish, about the fiftieth part of 
a boat's ordinary fishing voyage in the summer. Underwritten is 
a reference to the Lord Steward, Lord Chamberlain, tlie Earl of 
Arundel, Lord Vis. Falkland, and Sec. Calvert to report upon this 
petition and papers annexed. Annexed, 

5-i. I. Reasons to move the King to iahe order that a lieutenant be 
sent yearly to Nev:found.lanel to guard, the coasts from 
'inrates, and. preserve good order amongst the fishing 
ak II. NoAncs of ceiiain pirates, v:ith the damage done hy them 
in Neiifoundland sinec 1612. The avion nt of damage 
swstedned, is estimated at 40,800?. j besides the loss of 
above 180 pieces of ordnance, and 1,080 fishermen, 
sailors, carpenters, and gunners, tahen by force or other- 
ivisc carried, aiuay. 
•"tl. III. Some few instances of certain rnimlemcconors and. In- 
juries committed by the fishermen in 1620. 

Aug. 11. 5."). Answer of the Virginia Company to the request nf Uic Wal- 
loons and French to plant in Virginia, signed by John Ferrar, Deputy. 
Do not conceive any inconvenience, provided the niunber does not 
exceed 300, am.^ they take the oath of allegiance to the King and 
(■(luiurm to the rules of government established In the ChurcJi of 
England. Cannot recommend the King to aid them with slapping; 
the exhausted stock of the Company prevents them from afiording 
any help. Land will be gTanted to them in convenient numbers 
in the principal cities, boroughs, and corporations in Virginia. 

Oct. 2-i. Order of the Privy Council, directing that tubacro and all other 

WhiU'ball. commoditic; from Virginia shall be first landed in Kngland and 

the King's customs paid before being taken to auj- foreign countiy. 

The execution of this order to be respited four months, [t'olunial 

Entry BL, Vol. LXXIX., pp. 201-2.] 

Oct. 27. Letter to Sir Fei'd. Gorges and others, Commissioners ibi- ustali- 
lishing orders amongst the fishermen of Newfoundland, to impart 
to the tnaste's of the fishing fleet certain orders inclosed. 
[Docquct. Domestic Jae. I. The orders are ivanting.] 

Dec. 15. 56. The Privy Council to [Su- Dudley Carleton]. The King 
^Vllik•ll:al. granted to particular persons, by patent, some years since, certain 
parts of the north of Vii'ginia, " by us called New England." Under- 
stand that the past year the Hollanders left a colony there, and have 
given new nameri to several ports belonging to that part of the 
country, and are now about to send six or eight ships thither with 
.supplies. It is the King's pleasure that Carleton shoidd rejireseut 
these things to the States General, in His Majesty's name, and 
rei|ulie them to discontinue the plantation and stay the shijis. 
I \V;ih .nl,' n,id'ri<n,fh, th<d it VMS ''signed as the other, in Sir 
F> r''!,i<i,n]a Gorg-sr (Jrig. in Holland.] 


Vol.. I. 

.j7. Urief discodvso of the reasons aud motives wliy tlieie ou,^lit to 
lie, liesides tlie colleges of directors for trade in the West Indies, a 
Council ; that so neighbouring Princes and Republics that come in 
with great sums of money may be admitted to that Council ; aud 
why each Province ought to adventure according to the capital they 
bring in. [rmiicrfcd. Traadatcd froho the urhj. Datch, lit 
HoLLAXD Correaj^).] 

Account of sustained by the Cnuipany "f Adventurers in 
voyages of discovery to (iuinea, lUnney, and the lUver Clambia-, in 
l(;'l.s', Kil;), and 1R2(). [Domestic Co/t,>^). Jt!f. /., To/. ('A'A7K, 
No. 1 1.5, Cal. p. 830.] 

Vol. II. 1622—1623. 


Fel). 5. L ,Sir Dudley Carleton, Anili.assador at the Hague, Lo the I'nvy 

CoiuicU. Has received their letters of ]-"Jth Dec. last, touching the 
Ilollaiiders entering a year since, and planting a colony ujitin some 
pai-ts of the north of Virginia. Has moved the States General to stay 
any ships bound thither, and to prohibit the further prosecution of 
that plantation. Finds that ;ibout four or five years ago two ccmi- 
panies (jf Amsterdani merchants liegau to trade with the savages 
for i'urs iu those parts which they named New Netherlands, and have; 
c< iiilinurd to do so ever since. Does not believe there is so much as a 
colony intended, because a considerable number of families have been 
suitors to him to procui'c a place of habitation amongst the King's 
subjects there. [Sec. Calvert writes on 7 Feb. that he does not 
remember Carleton had any directions about such a ])lantation. 
Three score families of Walloons had applied for a portion of land, 
which was referred to the Virginia Company. [(SVc p. 20, No. .5-5.] 
Should Carleton have further orders, would be glatl to understand 
it. .SVc Holland Co,rf.s^)., 7 i^rf'. 1622.] Incloses, 

I. I. Rqm:s'-,iM!ouof Sir Dudh'ij Corldoii to t/w Sf^iks Gmcral 
of the Unllrd Froruiccs. Frolrsts -1,0 the Kuxjs ,unu,' 
wjoiusttlw oceuiKdloa hj the Dutch of certain parts of 
Virginia, against their changing tlic names of ports and, 
havens ; and dispatcldng six or eight vessels thence, noio 
ready to scdl, to keep up their colony. Sets forth, the title 
of King James to all that territory. 1G22, Jan. 30. 
{^Frenck. Copies. The original of both these papers a/re. 
in the Holland C'orresp.'] 

Feb. G. 2. Goudomar, the Spanish Ambassador in England, to the Coinpany 

of Merchants of the Permudas. The St. Anthony of 300 tons 
was wrecked near those islands, a.nd her treight, wliicli consisted of 


1622. Vol. II. 

gold, silver, and mercliaudise, to the value of more than 6,000 
crowns, was seized by the English there, who also took possession of 
the cock boat, and even of the clothes belonging to the passengers, 
Spaniards. Rerpiests immediate satisfaction for losses, and 
security for the freedom of live Spaniards, captives in the Bermudas. 
[(-'opi/.] On the same sheet are aniuweJ, 

2. 1. Thf Company's aitsiuev to Gondomar. Are!d at 
the Amhassador's aUegation, I'.'liirh they hrlicve is 
grounded upon misnifdi-uioAioii. Tim uls rutln'r than 
accusations are dr.^, rr, ,/, n in/ Inirr hr, ,, i/ivu hy tin'. 

better sort of tln' n nfudn nnlr iSpi'ini'rds irho ' I'^rrc 

wrecked. All Gondomar's charges an' • iiln-iiy rrfntriL 
The vessel was suddeidy beaten all to yhicii's da luihs 
from land; no treasure could be rernvi nd, an'l rm'y 
means vKs tal-i'n to assist and provide for the comfort of 
the shlpirreclrd passengers. 9 Feb. 
2. Ji. Gon,l,>iian's r,p,ly t,> tin' Cnn\iHi,ni. Drsirrs exceedingly 
tlnit this h„s;„,.ss ,,f ihr .Spniush )r, ■,,■!.■ n,ight be accom- 
,nod"t,,I ,,,,,J ,11, In) „'ifh,,i,t fiirtj,, r j,r,„rss^ hvt seeing by 
th,'ir ansv:,:r ih,ft 1h,,r <;,,', „,,f !„■ „,jr,;„aiit ino'l,-, he 
■must. thrr,'f,„r, r,'f,r it t„ th,- Ki i,,i his ,,,,'sf,,: lh,<f his 
s„/,j,rts „:„y r,',riv,' s„tisf,„1 i,,„ ' f„r hss,:s ,< n,l i n}n ri,:s 
received. 1 1 F,b. 

Feb. 22. :!. Interrogatories to be administered ti.i the masters, mariners, and 

])assengers of the Joseph and the James lately returned from the 

Soraers Islands, and others, touching the complaint of certain 

Spaniards wrecked upon the rocks near that coast. An)te,ve,l, 

o. I.-XVIII. Eighteen ej:,nnin,ifi,<iis in ansnwr t,> the ,,I„n;' 

inter roqatories tahui on t'lnd rl'ird , a ad 'irAh Feb., a„<l 

on \st March 1622. 

March!!. (i rant, by Indenture, of the Council for ^;e\v England io John 
Mason, of Cape Trebizond or Cape Anne, situate to the north of 
Ma.ssachusetts. [Copy. Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. LIX., p. 93-100.] 

March 27. Grant to Sir Thomas Arundel of the i.sland called the Basse, 
lying N. by W. from Ireland, not yet inhabited, to hold for the tei-m 
of fifty years, under a yearly rent oi 51. [Colon i,d C,>rr,sp., 1607, 
Jan. 9.]' 

April 12. 4. Petition of John Bargrave to the Privy Council. Has spent 
S,0OO?. or 10,000/. in the -wars and public service of his country, and 
four years ago was the first planter of a private colony in Virginia. 
Olitained a patent of free trade from the Virginia Company, and 
accordingly sent servants and shipping thither. The best part of 
his estate has been violently taken from him by the Company. 
Prays that his business may be taken to heart, and that certain 
articles which he has drawn up for the examination of abuses, and 
for a. new form of government for that colony, may be fortliwith 
re;\d and answered. Tiiis petition and the articles annexed, arc 


IG22. ^'"^L. IL 

referred and ordered t,^ be sent to the Governor and Council of the 
Plantation in Virginia for their answer in writing. Ann,\rr,.l 

4. I. ArUrhs Jruv,, o>,f of fhr ; „f„nnat!ou of ,/,./,,> Bo,yr,n;' 
sln,,r,„,j_ oshrho.,lo„,-h,,ll, niParllomeid o.olni 'ch,,,,'- 

rrril,th,> nJ,nsrs of t/>r fo',Urr qovcrnment ,>f Vnyniot 

sir Tho^. Smytio- ;.-< rfo.yr,! „-lth havho,, ,;n,f ,;, n'l In f/w 
/Mifcnt and rotjiil lustrnrti,,,,.^^ ran^.'d ,, 'rrrfoi,, /„,!,/.• /,, /„. 
jinati-dof tyrnaakul ,jon ninwnt !,> Vnylni,/, vluurhii 
many lad their lives, and -,nr.- bronrjld ndo slavery, and 
Bargrave has been dancujird to his ,/,rat loss. Smythr 
Aldprmon Johnson, and others, have made a mon, :,>,,!,'/ 
0/ the i>Jo,d,dlon,and of the labour of all the pbndrrs 
ihrrr, hij drl, a, -ring them of free trade. By encounnjl ,^g 
only tnLorrn and s.issofros, other commodities have %ecn 
■'"'[/'"■'"'■ '""' ^ <'<• ]<> '<hip.-< going to Virginia., in one 
V'"' /""■'' "" r.tnr.od nnj.iy. By selzinf/ Barr/ravrS 

slny.. d,t,nnl,oJ ./..Js, ., „d fro „d ,dr „fl ,/ srUiu<l f'hm, hr 
Ondln..,.,,rl.,.rsl,ovr h.. ,1 i,rr;„d;r.d{]X,ml. Thrsr.dois,:^ 

]"r '" • " !"'•;':■' V'"'' "" ''"'- ^^''^"'''' ""^^ vvyor,'-/ In, 
hiin tn thr I'riry C«ino-ii The i^lantation consists i,,d'ii 
of i»d,Ux srrrouts, phnd.dby the lotteries, and dicrs 
private colonas. Fon/er is in the Company to dispose of 
the vjkole plantation, or of any priv(de man's csttd,'. A l- 
thoiigh noiv in good hands, nothing but altrri'nq^ihr 
form of government will pnvnd fhrs,- rdls. B.irr/r<irr's 
proceedings for redress. J/is j>ro/,us;/;,.„s i.,S,u yfhr /),„ ]■ 
years since to erect a rnaijozinr for thr pitbHr, ,/„,/ /,<, ,/,-,. 
it the farmer to the King of the sn/r i,,ip,,rf,d;,,„ if 
tobacco. Smythe refuses ; his reasons. X,, „:,,,/rf/ /',, 
make a public stock but by searching into the old ibhis 
and Sniyfhe's unexamiuable accounts, and the abuses of 
the government. Bargrave begs a commission from the 
King may be appointed to examine, rretify. n'nd ,,rdrr 
the government so that it may be fxvd in 'a ' drpr„drnr,i 
on the Croivn of England. Sm/grsts that a l,„rn,'d 
treatise upon the government of Virginia by Lj not us, 
"to vjhich the Court hath given good alluwance," may 
be consulted, that no help may be vantina to aive 
furfhrrann. to this noble business, and hold the nlonta- 
tion to England. ^' ' 

4. II. Stidc of the case between John Bargrave, plaintiff, and 

Sir Thos. Smythe, Sir John Wolst"nholme, Alderman 

Eohert Johnson, Will. Canning, and Will. Essinqton 

defendants, unth reference to the lossrs Bargrave h<is 

sustained by being prohibited free trade in Viniinia 

according to his pcdent 9 Feb. 

May 12. 5. Geo. Harrison to his brother John Harrison. Requests lie 

fvirtiu?' 1 ^111 ^""^^ C(ir^^^^ payments for him in money and tobacco which he 

^ = -J will receive from Cousin Bennett. For all their liard niisfortiines 

hopes to Jiave a good crop of tobacco this year. 



Vol. II. 

May 31, (i. Frngmoiit of the records of the Corporation, comrnorily calle<l 

to the "Council for New England," created by patent in 1620, and 

l(i2o, dissolved by resignation in 1635. [Forty -four pages. Minutes 

June 21. and Orders will be found calendared under their respective dates. 

Upon tlie first page has been subserpiently written, temp., Car. XL, 

"A Journal of the Council of 'I'rade." In 1S56, Mr. J. G. Palfrey 

attached a Mem. to this document drawing attention to this 

erroneous title.] 


May 31. Minutes of tlio Council for New England. That the King be 
petitioned for the forfeiture of Thos. Weston's .ship and goods to the 
(_!(_)uncil. That an order be procured from the Lords of the Privy 
Council to send for such persons as, in contempt of authority, went 
last year to New England. Several patents to lie drawn out. Ap- 
pointment of auditors. Conference with Mr. Attorney General con- 
cerning the renewal of their patent. Particulars <if the election of Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges as Governor to be deferred. Admittance of certain 
merchants to be patentees agreed to. Committees t(j lie appointed 
to consider the merchants' oft'er of putting in 100,000/. Youtlis not 
tainted with any vice to be sent to New England and there bound 
apprentices. The adventurers to pay in their whole adventures. 
Dr. Goche to be elected Treasm-cr. [*SVc preceding article.] 
June ? 7. The Treasui'er and Council for Virginia to the Privy Council. 

Have considered their answer to Captain Baru■r.■l^"e's jiotition. 
[Sec anh', 'p. 28, N'o. 4:] Are neither qualified nor .■ml hoi izcd to 
reply to the complaint against Sir Thos. Smythe and otliors < . nii-cniing 
several wrongs and losses su.stained by the petitioner during tlie 
time of that government as it is a business of great latitude extend- 
ing over many years. Inclose an answer, under Capt. Bargrave's 
own hand, to his aspersions ujion the present and future form oi 
government. Inclose, 

7. f. Ans^ver of Copt. Bargmvr. Sir Thos. Smyihc and the 
other defendants had so sheltered themselves under the 
name <f the Company that he could not judge hy ndioni 
tlie wrongs he heal received we-re done, and vas thenfore 
forced, to cmnplain against the form of goreni-ment. 
Declares that his complaint was grounded ii]i<ni the 
<dni>ii' (if Sir T. Smyth c's government, and llnd tin- hii.-d ,,rss 
nffhr iJuuifdJon enidd notlmve been mouog.d l,rU,-r llnm 
(III ring the last three years, more h( 
10,006i. or 12,0001. in that time thai 
thirteen previons years. Would, r 
treatises concerning Virginia than 
the means to ]rtnd<r the g(jing furira 
30 May. 
June ? 8. Petition of John Bargrave to the Privy Council. 

liy the Council of Virginia to avow the present government in good 
hands lie did so, but would not, althougli urgi'd, justify the Torn 
tlicrcol' inr tlie progression of the [ilantation. 'I'hc Council to whon 
his IViiiiirr Jiotition was referred not having jiowor io examine inti 



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eing pressed 



Vol. II. 

the losses lie lias sustained, praj-s that they may lie fortliwilli 
atitlioi-izi'd to do so ami report upon Lis case. 
July ."). Minutes of the Council for New England. David Thompson to 

attend the Lords with a petition to the King against Thos. Weston, 
also to procure a proclamation concerning the fishermen of the 
western parts. To confer the next day al)out the form of a patent. 
To take into consideration the election of six western mei-chauts. 
Proposals to be made to the city for sending to New England poor 
children of 14 years and upwards. The patentees who have not paid 
up their monies to lie left out of the new patent. Mr. Gookin to he 
admitted in the new grant upon payment of his adventure. Henry 
Fotherly to he elected clerk if he will take 20?. per annum. Secretary 
Calvert to 1)(> admitted one of the Council for New England in the 
new pntent. [Cuhninl Corrcsp., 1622, M<nj .31, pp. 3, i.j 

•Inly 11. Letter to the Treasurer, Deputy and others of the "\'irginin 
Company. Recommends them to breed silkworms and set up .silk 
works in the colony, which lieiug a rich and solid ooinniodity is 
preferable to tobacco. [Drjcqud. DOMESTIC /(i-c. /.] 

.July 11. Order of the Privy Council concerning a Spanish vessel wrecked 

Wliit.iinll. on tlie coast of Bermudas which the Virginia Company had made 
rrstitution of [Colunud Entry BL, Vul.^LXXIX., p. 202.] 

•July 1 2. Minutes of the Council for New England. Whether Will. 
and Abrah. Jennings, merchants, be content to enter into the grand 
patent election of Will. Boles, Clerk of the Council. Sir Henry 
Spilman desired to conceive a grand patent and refer it to the 
Attorney-General. The western fishing business and the proclama- 
tion. The place of meeting and other oiliec business to be con- 
sidered. Proposition touching letter to be sent to the judges and 
justices. [Colonial C'e,',v'.-<;).,'l(;22, May 31, 77). 4, 5.] 

July l.'>. .John Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Cailetr>n. A shii> arriNcd 

l,nii,i,.n, from Virginia with news that the savages have liy surprise slain 
about 350 of the English through their own supine negligence in 
living in scattered and straggling houses. The savages have pos- 
se.ssed themselves of arms and weapon.s, but have no skill to use 
them. Captains Barclay and Thorpe among those who are lost. 
The disgrace and shame as much as the loss ; no other nation would 
have been so gTCSsly overtaken. [Extract from Doaiestic Corresp. 
Jac. /., Vol. CXXXIL, Xo. 38, C'd.p. 424. On the following day Sir 
Thos. Wilson ^vl■ites that the Indians have killed in Virginia at least 
300 or 400 English, and but for an accident that gave warning, man, 
mother, and child had all been slain. Ibid, No. 41, Cal. 'p. 425]. 
July? 16. Order of the Privy Council upon the petition of John Bargrave 

\yint.'lKill. against Sir Thos. Sraythe, Alderman Johnson, and others,' for unjust 
practices, and miscarriage of the government of the Virginia planta- 
tion, to the petitioner's loss of 0,600?., directing a report to be made 
to the board that further order may be given therein. [Colonial 
Entry Bl:, Vol LXXIX., p. 202. On 17th June the King desires the 
Pi-ivy Council to dismiss the suit of Bargi'avc against Smythe a.s a. 


1G22. ^'"'- "■ 

matter already fully deteruiined by the Lord Keeper. Tiie plaintiff' 
seems to have no other end than to blemish the reputation of Sir Tlios. 
Smythe. If still contentious, the Council f re directed to jmnisli him. 
Domestic Corn'sp. Jac. I., Vol. CXXXI., Ko. SS, (',//. p. 407.] 

Jnlv ■2t. ]\Iinutes uf the C'oiiucil for New England. Tiie bounds fir the 

dividends of the Duke of Lennox, the Earl of Arundel, and See. 
Calvert agreed upon, the two former set down by Sir Ferd. Gorges 
iipon view of the maps. The tenure in the grand patent propounded 
to be held of the Crown by the sword. Private planters to create 
their own tenures to such as shall hold under them. The country to 
be called Nova Albion. Power to lie given in the grand patent lo 
create titles. Mr. Ratcliffe to be sent for to attend the Council. 
TJie two great islands in the river of Sagadahoc to be reserved for 
the public plantation, and a place between the branches of tlie two 
rivers for a public city. Mr. Thompson to attend the Lords for a 
warrant to the Attorney General for drawing the new jiatent, Sir 
Henry Spilman to attend on the same subject. [Culoniul t'on'r.sji., 
1022, Maij 2],2p. 5-7] 
July ? 9. Note of such arms in the Tower as the Virginia Company 

are humble suitors for, to be presently delivered to tliem, their shljis 
being ready to depart. The Company request that 20 barrels vt' 
powder may be lent to them until Christmas. 
July 29. Order of the Privy Council. Certain old cast arms in tlie Tower, 

Wliitehall. altogether unfit for modern use, are directed to be delivered to the 
Virginia Company as serviceable against the savages of that countiy, 
400 of the inhabitants having been lately massacred by the treachery 
of the Indians. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. LXXIX.]p 202.] 

Aug. G. Minute of the Council for New England. The Lords of the Privy 

Council having ordered that the patent for New England shall be 
renewed, all those who have been admitted patentees and not yet 
paid in their adventure of 110?., are directed forthwith to do so, or 
they will be for ever excluded. Those desirous of becoming adven- 
turers, provided they be persons of honour or gentlemen of blood, 
except only six merchants, must at once resolve to pay that sum to 
Dr. Barnaby Goche, trea.surer. [Colonial Curi\'f<p.. 1G22, J/cy .•)1, 
pp. 8-10.] 
Aug. 10 Grant, liy Imlentare, of the Council for New England to Sir 

Ferdinando Gorges and John Mason of the jirovince of Maine. 
[Copy. Colonial Entry BL, Vol. LIX., pp. 101-lOs.] 

[ Sevit. ] 10. List of the Syndicators appointed to take a strict e.xaminatinn 

of the inhabitants in the Somers Lslands, concerning the Sjianisli 

wreck [.see ante pp. 27, 28, Ros. 2, 3.] They are Capt. John Bernard, 

Governor elect of the Islands, John Harrison, Sheriff, Natli. Barnard, 

and Jos. Wi-ight, clerks, and Roger Wood, Sec. to the Council there 

established. Also copy of in.structions for their guidance. Anm.rnl, 

10. I. Another copy of the ahuvc in.'itruction.s. 

10. il.-iv. E:ivvcinaiion.-i tuvching the Spanish wrcch alhulnl 

to above, tal-en on 9th, \5th, and -l-lnd Jan.._ IC2.S. 


1G22. ^'^^- ^^■ 

Jiin.-Supt. 11. A small book in wliieli are fourteen letters and a proclamation 
from (_'apt. Natli. iJutler, Governor of the Somers Islands, to " my 
serjeant-major," relating to the wreck of the Spanish vessel [the St. 
Anthony]. [Copies, certified by Ed. CoUlngiuood, Sec] 

Sept. ? 12. Petition of John C:irter, a poor distressed prisoner, to the 

Privy Council Was convicted at the last sessions of stealing a 
horse, but reprieved by the Lord Mayor and Recorder of London 
before judgment. Prays that their Lordships will recommend him to 
Sir Edward Sackville to be transported to Virginia. [On 7th Sept. 
1G22, Sir Ed. Barkham, Lord AEayor, informs the King that .John 
Carter, convicted of stealing <a horse, had been reprieved as worthy 
of the King's mercy. See Domestic Corresp. Jac. I., \^<>l. L'XXXfll., 
Ko. 10, Cal. p. 4-16.] 
Sept.— Oct. 13. Xiite of the several voyages made by ^\'m. Seymdiir to 
and from the Si)anish wreck, by command nf ('apt. Natli. Eutler, 
then Governor of the Somers Islands, from loth S.[)t. to 2.jth Oct., 
about which time the Governor left the islands. 

Oct. 22. i.Iinute of the Council for New England, concerning the heads of 

the new grand patent. Rowland White and seven others, calker.s, 
agreed with, as to their wages and hours of work. [Colonial 
Corresp., 1G22, May 31, p. 10.] 

Oct. 28. Minutes of the Council for New England. Resolutions upon the 
fittest course for the .ships that go the fishing voyage to New England 
this year. [Coh>ni<d Corresp., 1022, May 31, pp. 11, 12. In Feb. 
1622, the Mayor, kc, of Plymouth requested the Lord Treasurer to 
fulfil his promise that they might not be interrupted in their 
fishery for Virginia, as tiireatened by Sir Ferd. Goi'gcs. See 
Domestic Corre.ip. Jac. I., Vol. CXXVIL, No. 92, Cal. ^J. 344. 
Gorges' patent for sole fishing on the coasts of New England was 
one of tlie grievances in the address of the Commons to the King. 
Ihid, Vol. CLXV, Xo. 53, Cal. p. 2.58.] 

Nov. 2. Minutes of the Council for New England. ('Diiimission to be 

sealed for Capt. Francis West. Propositions to prevent abuses in 
traile. Resolutions touching the new patent. [Colonial Corresp., 
\\J-2i,MayZ\,pp. 12-1 k] 

Nov. C. Proclamation. The plantation of New England, from 40 to 48 

Theobalds. dec'Tces of north latitude, having been much hindered by interlopers, 
who have injured the woods, damaged the harbours, traflicked with 
the savages, and even sold them weapons and taught them their 
use ; all persons are prohibited from trading upon those coasts, 
or intermeddling with the natives without licence from the Council 
for New England. [Printed Proclamation, Jac. I., No. IOC] 

Nov. 8. Minutes of the Council f)r New England. Commission to be granted 

to Capt. Francis West to go to New England, Captain of " the 
Plantation," ami Ailmiral of that coast during the voyage. Patent 
for Capt. TliMS. Sijuilil.) to assist the Admiral. Sir Ferd. Gorges to 
draw up Cajit. West's instructions; to ascertain what course Mr. 



Vol. IL 

Delbriclge, of Barnstaple, has taken against any for abuses in New 
England. Commission for Arthur Champernoun, for setting out the 
Chudley to fish in New England this year. Leonard Peddock to 
receive \0l. for his last employments there. A positive day to be 
set down for the rest of the patentees to pay in their adventures. 

Nov. IL Orders of the Privy Council for settling the trade and commerce 
in New England, to be printed, and fixed by the Admiral upon 
the mainmast of every ship. Capt. Squibb's commission to be 

Nov. 13. Sir Kobert Mansell's note for payment of his adventure of 11 OZ. 

accepted. Proceedings of Mr. Delbridge against the Barnstaple men 
for abuses in New England. [Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, 
2>p. 1.5-17.] 

Nov. 15. Minutes of the Council for New England. Directions to be sent 
to the Governor for managing the trade with the natives in New 
England. Plnancial business. 

Nov. IG. William Boles to be clerk, with a salary of 20/. per ann. The 

Earl of Salisbury to be dealt with for some rooms in the New 
Exchange, for ordinary meetings. Letter to be written to the Lord 
Mayor of London for 100 children. Contracts to be made with the 
merchants to transport men, victualled for two months, to New 
England. No barter with the natives in provisions or any furni- 
ture of war to be permitted. Mr. [David ?] Thompson's patent 
signed and sealed. 

Nov. 1 8. Sir Rich. Cholmley to be paid 501. on account of Mr. Dickson. 

Nov. 19. Letter to be written to Mr. [Thos.] Weston to deliver to Leonard 

Peddock to take over with him a boy, native of New England, 
called Papa Whinett, belonging to Abbadakest, Sachem of Massa- 
chusetts. Commission for Mr. Champernoun for the Chudley to 
fish at New England to be sealed. Capt. Squibl) to have a similar 
commission for the John and Francis. 

Nov. 22. Sir Robert Mansell's note for payment of his adventure is 
accepted. Capt. Squibb's eommission for a.ssisting the Admiral, and 
discovery and taking possession of Mount Mansell for Sir Robert's 
use to be sealed. 

Nov. 27. Names of those to whom bills of adventure shall be made by 
Sir Ferd. Gorges for partnership in the new ship now buildino- at 
Whitby, CO. York. 

Nov. 30. .41)rah. Jennings' receipt for his dividend in tlie mainland of New 

England, and Capt. West's commission are sealed. Wll. Pomfret, a 
distiller, and Geo. Dugdeale, a tailor, oflfer themselves to go to New 
England. [Golonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, pp. 17-22.] 

Dec. 3. Minutes of the Council for New England. Admittance of persons 

to join the patentees in setting forth shiiDs to fish and tiade in New 
England. Mr. Treasurer to contract with merchants for fishino- 
voyages. Form of commission for fishing ; the clerk's allowance 
agreed on. Order desired by Mr. Thompson to transport ten persons, 
with provisions, to New England upon the usual terms. Sir Ferd. 
Gorges desired to write a letter to be s(>nt into the country with 


1622. Vol. n. 

proclamation that it is not the meaning of the Council to hinder 
any from going to New England on fishing voyages, provided they 
conform to the orders agreed upon by the Council. Power of the 
Council to make laws by virtue of their patent. [Colonial C'orresp 
1622, May 31, 2^p. 22, 2-i.] 

Di'C. 17. Minutes of the Council for New England. Allowance for repay- 

ment of monies disbursed. Letter to be written to the Earl of 
Southampton, Treasurer to the Company for Virginia, against Capt. 
Jones for robbing the natives of New England of their furs and 
taking some of them prisoners ; the ship having run agi-oimd, the 
savages escaped, and made great exclamations against the present 
planters of New England. [Colonial Corresp., 1622, Alay 31, 
'pp. 2-i-5.] 

Dec. SO. 1 k Grant of the Council for New England to Robert, si m of Sir Ferd. 

Gorges and to his lieirs and assigns for ever, of all that part of the 
main land in New England commonly called " Messachustack" situate 
upon the north-east side of " Messachuses Bay," in consideration of 
the payment of 160?. 

" Dec. 30. Abstract of the above. [Colonial Corrcsp., 1620, Nov. 3.] 

Dec. 31. Grant to Sir Geo. Calvert and his heirs of the whole country of 
Newfoundland. [Minute. Colonial Corresp., 1G07, /«?;. 9.] 

Dec. 31. Minute of the above. [Grant Bk., p. 351, Domestic Jac. /.] 
1G22? 15. Petition of Capt. Francis West, Capt. WilL Claybourne. John 

Brewer, Robert Sweet, and William Capps, gent., ancient planters 
and adventurers in Virginia, on behalf of themselves and the rest of 
the poor distressed planters there, to the King. Have for many years 
past found the coimtry useful for commodities with which England 
is now supplied from foreign kingdtims, but through the benefit 
of planting tobacco their time has been mispent. Now, after 
the freight, customs, and duties on tobacco are discharged, it is of no 
value and they are like to perish unless protected. Pray that the King 
will make tobacco his own commodity and settle the price and 
quantity to be yearly taken from the Colony, so that they may in 
future plant some real commodity. [The petitioners have all signed 
this petition^ 

1622-1628. 1 6. List of twenty patents for plantations in New England, granted 
to Sir Ferd. Gorges, Capt. W, Mason, and others, in 1622 and 1628, 
entitled " Catalogue of such patents as I know granted." 
Jan. 15. Minutes of the Council for New England. The Earl of Salisbury 
to be dealt with for some rooms over the new Bourse for their place 
of meeting. Capt. Love to confer with Mr. Cooke for the delivery 
of two pinnaces assigned by the King for protection of the New 
England fishermen this year. Letter to be obtained from the King 
to the Lieut, of every shire for sending their poorer sort of people to 
New England. Sir Sam. ArgoU to be Admiral of New England 
[Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, pp. 2.1-6.J 

G 2 


lQ^--i ^'OL. II. 

Jail. 21. Miuutes of the Council for New Eiigbmd. Upon the settlement of 

" a strength " in New England. Two hundred men at a charge of 
4,000^. necessary, of three sorts, viz., gentlemen to bear arms and 
attend upon the Governor, liandicraftsmen of all sorts, and lui.sband- 
men for tilling the ground. To propose to [Alex.] Narme to be a 
patentee. All patentees to lend 100^-. each, or more upon security of 
tlie new ship. Emmanuel Alchem to be capt. of the new pinnace 
built for Mr. Peirce's plantutiun. [(.'ulonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, 
1)2-). 26-7.] 

Jan. 2k 17. Geo. Harrismi t<i his lirother John Harrison. Accounts with 
James City, Mj.. Bennett. Ndt abnve ten men and bciys living, of the whole 
"■?!"':>■ number of servants taken to Virginia in the Seaflower. More have 
died since than were slain in the massacre ; and no hopes of life of 
a great many. Capt. Powell, gunner of James City, is dead ; Capt. 
Nuce [?], Capt. Maddison, Lieut. Craddock's brother, and divers more 
of the chief men reported dead. Mr.s. Heamer[?], her daugliter, and 
Thos. Hamor are very sick. God has cast a heavy hand upon them, 
they cry for mercy for tlierr sins. Sends three hogsheads of tobacco 
by the Little James, and instructions concerning it. Eecommends 
that his brother's wife should make a private adventure by the next 
.ship of good wines, butter, cheese, sugar, soap, &c., and that his 
brother and James Sampson should furnish a ship with 50 men and 
provisions for the colony ; the profits will be 200/. or 300?. Begs 
him not to delay semhiig over his own men. 

Jan. 2.J. Minutes of the Council for New England. Patentees to pay in 
their adventures or forfeit their rights, and others to be admitted in 
tiieir stead. The Earl of Holdernesse elected Vice-President and 
Dick.son to be master of the new ship. Deputies to be elected by 
the ])atentees. An Admiral, Vice-Treasurer, Secretary, Solicitor, 
and Beadle to be elected. [Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, 
pp. 27-8.] 

Jan. 28. Minutes of the Council for New England. Finance. Sir H. Spil- 
man to treat with tlie Attorney General touching the new patent. 
Choice of officers deferred. Commission for seizing the island of 
Maniialugan [?] and Lord Gorge.s' bill of adventure are sealed. Nich. 
S]icarman a^ipointed boatswain in the new .ship. Two bills of 
adventure for Dr. Sutclitte to be sealed. Abrah. Jenning's bill for 
materials to build a pinnace at New England deferred. [Colonial 
CurresjK, 1022, 2Iay .31, pp. 29-30.] 

Jan. 31. Jlinutes of the Council for New England. Payments. A bill of 
adventure to Sir Ferd. Gorges sealed. The ]>roclamation proposed 
[see ante 6 Nov. 1622.] to be .sent to New England. Sir H. Spilman 
to draw up the heads of the new patent. [Colonial Corresp., 
1G22, Moyil,^,. 30.] 

Jan.? IS. Brief motives to maintain the King's right to the River 

Amazon, and the coast of Guiana. The King's subjects many years 
since found that country free from any Christian Prince. They have 


J, ,3 Vor..n. 

remained there L3 or 1-t j-ears witli the gLioJ liking of tlie natives. 
Several comiuission.s have been granted by the King, and two patents. 
\_See the Ist ijrant, 1G13, Aug. 28, ]i. ]o.] Gondomar [the ypanisli 
Ambassador] asserted liis master's actual jiossession, Avhich suspended 
" all our proceedings " for a time. He afterwards sent thither 300 
men to destroy the English and Dutch. Two or three ships are now 
being sent by the West India Conipany in Holland who design a 
plantation there. General considerations of the cijimtry. ProSts ; 
commodities ; manner of living. The Christians take no pains nor 
labour f(ir any thing ; the Imlians house them, work for them, and 
bring them victuals, receiving imn wm-k cr glass beads and such like 
"contemptible things" as re\\'ard. A note i.-^ ailded in another hand 
to point out the great prejudice to the jilantatifU, .should the Kuig 
make an agreement with tlu^ Virginia and Ecrmudas Companies for 
tobacco from those places only. 

Feb. 2. Order of the Privy Council. A contract between tlii> Lord 

■Whitehall. Treasurer on behalf of 'the King and the Virginia Coni|iaiiy, touching 
the importation of tobacco, is allowed. [Colonidl L'nlfi/ JJl:., iV/. 
ZA^V/A'.,p. 203.] 

Feb. 4. Minutes of the Council for New England. A composition for 

three Barnsta])le vessels, v.diich left for the New Enghind fisheries 
before the jn-oclaniation was known, is accejited. Rich. Kow, 
merchant, desires to be admitted a patentee. Bills of adventure for 
160?. each are sealed for the Duke of Lenox ami tl,e Earl of Arun.lel. 
Sir John Bourchier's answer concerning the E;ai of S:ilisbury"s moms 
over the new Exchange. [Cvloiii"! Corirsp., Ki22, ^l/i'_y ."L jip. 

Feb. IS. Minutes of the Council for New England. The seat of the planta- 

tion for the public to consist [of 40 srpiare miles, to be settled upon 
the ri\fr of Sagadahock, and called the state county. The King to 
be petitioned to name the city; the county and city to be equally 
divided by casting lots amongst the patentees. No new gi-.-mt to 
be passed in the meantime. A statute of Queen Elizalnth for 
binding poor children apprentices, pj-oposed by Sir H. Spilman, to lie 
made use of for the benefit of the plantation. The letter jiroposed 
to be sent by the King to the Lieutenants, for providing poor people, 
to be respited. Delivery of the two pinnaces. Petition, presented 
from Mr. Peirce and his associates, for the Mayor of Norwich to 
deliver up certain barrels of meal, provided for the relief of the 
planters in New England, and stayed by him. Licence granted to 
Kichard Bushrode, who is to be admitted a patentee, to set forth a 
ship for discovery and other employments in New England. No 
ship to transport men or godls to the plantation without a licence. 
[Colonial Corresp., 1622, J/(/// 31,/'/>. 32-35.] 

Feb. 18. 19. Wil. Lord Cavendish, Governor of the Somers Islands Company, 

to James Marquis of Hamilton. Sends a declaration and other 
papers respecting the well-being of the government of those islands, 
which he desires may be presented to the Privy Council. Incloses, 



19. I. Drchirotion of the Governor and Company of the Somers 
Ishmils. iVere appointed Commissioners to examine 
Captiiin Butler, thru Governor of those islands, and other 
inhabitants thcr. tnurhiu;/ fh- Imsiiirsx ,f the Spanish 
wreck; but hr s. .■,-. Il n jl ,) ,;<//,/ ,/.-,/x h./,,,; the arrival 
of the new Gnvrr„or. 'mnl the C<nnmis^i'nirrs. Never 
believed that Butler tvould have so abandoned his trust, 
more especiedly as he had passed an Act for securing a 
resident Governor. 

19. II. Act concerning the ctcknoiuledgment of resident Governors 
in case their commissions expire before the arrival of a 
successor from England. 1620, Aug. 1. 

19. III. Insiruction to theVommissioners for inquiry and ex- 
amination into the business of the Spanish wreck in the 
Somers Islands. 16-2-2, Sept.'o. [Copy.] 

Feb. 20. Minute of the Council for New England. Licence granted to 

Rich. Bushrode and liis associates, for setting forth a ship for disco- 
very in New England. He is admitted a patentee. [Colonial 
Corres})., 1622, May 31, 2U^- 35-36.] 

Feb. 25. Minutes of the Council for New England. Capt. Sam. [? Emman.] 

Alchem's licence for the Little James altered by petition of the ad- 
venturers for Mr. Peirce's plantation. Commission to be prepared 
for Lord Gorges' ship, the Katherine, Thos. Squibb, captain, as 
well for transportation of passengers as for other employments. 
Grants to be henceforth passed to one patentee only. Finance. Bills 
of adventure for the Earls of Warwick and Holdernesse, and Alex. 
Narme to be sealed. [Colonial Corrcsp., 1622, May 31, 2^p- 36-37-] 

[Feb.] 20. The Governor, Council, and Assembly of Virginia to the King. 

Eepresent Capt. Nathaniel Butler's information, entitled " The 
unmasking of Virginia/' to be full of .slanders and notorious 
untruths, proeeeiliiig from the malice of his corrupted heart. The 
plantati<;)ns, f )r the most part, high and pleasantly seated, the soil 
rich, the air sweet, and the cUmate healthy. Butler traduces one 
of the goodliest rivers in the habitable world ; most commodious 
for landing. Winter is the only proper time for the arrival of new 
comers. A .subscription was raised and workmen were hired for the 
building of a fair Inn in James City, when the massacre by the 
Indians forced them to direct that care to housing themselves. 
Buildings have everywhere increased. The greatest hospitality is 
shown to new comers. There are no hedges in Virginia, neither do 
the people lye unburied in the woods. The colony was not in any 
distress for victuals in the winter of 1622 ; corn was then bought 
by their accuser at Ss. the bushel, a cheaper rate than it sold for in 
England. Trade has been free to all. Their houses built rather for use 
than ornament, and fit to accommodate nien <>t' good (piality. Many 
cities of great rumour in the West Indies, established more than sixty 
years, not to be compared to them. Great disparagement thro' 
Capt. Butler's riots and lascivious living. They have boats and 



Vol. IL 

canoes for their surklen transport across the creeks. No fortifications 
against a foreign enemy, Init their houses are strongly tortitied against 
the Indians; James City, Flowerdieu Hundred, Ne^^ort News, 
Elizabeth City, Cliarles City, Henrico, and divers private plantations 
mounted with great ordnance. Until the massacre and suei'fc(liiig 
mortality, vines and mulberry t'.ees were being planted tliriiuglidut 
the country. Iron and glass works were in great forwardness, liut 
are now interrupted, and the people are forced to follow that con- 
temptible weed, tobacco, to enable them to sustain their continual 
wars with the Indians, and to support themselves. Henrico, where 
only a small church and one house remained, was quitted during Sir 
Thos. Smythe's government ; Charles City never had but six houses ; 
the soil of both is worn out and not fit for culture. Capt. Butler 
joined with the Indians in killing their cattle, and carried the beef 
on board his ship. Have followed the laws and customs of England 
to their uttermost. Butler's spleen proceeded fi-om not beinr>- 
admitted one of the Council. .Six, not ten, thousand persons have 
been transported to Virginia, who for the most part were wasted by 
the more than Egyptian slavery and Scythian cruelty exercised 
upon theni by laws written in blood during Sir Thos. Suiythe's 
government, a true and tragical relation of all sorts of 
tyi-anny exercised in his time, whose unfitness to restore the planta- 
tion is humbly referred to the King's consideration. This long ami 
interesting letter is signed by Sir Francis Wyatt, Francis West, Sir 
Geo. Yeardley, George Sandys, Roger Smyth, Ralph Hamor, Isaac 
Maddison, John I'ott, Sam. Mathews, John Utie, Wil. Peirce, and 
23 others. Annexed, 

20. I. C<'j>f. Butle/.^ vnm.idr,! ficr „fuvr ,;,h„ni l,i Vinjina. as it 
'icis /,/ the wilder of the year ]tJ22. 

20. II. '' Aiisvcr of the General Assembly III Vln/iina to the De- 
ela ration 'of the state of the colon i i ,1' thr tn-rler yrars 
of iSir 2/<o.k Sin>/thi--siiovernmcnf,<.rhildtrd!,,, Alderman 
Johnson, and ofhrrs.'' Wo„ts and „.is.rirs of the 
ealoinj under most crnrl la ws s,„t or,,- i,, print] con- 
trary tuthe chart, r. Tin' ,illoir., „er ,.f fo.J ;„ th,js,' tinas 
for a man v: as lo,dlis,,,nr and not /it for luasts ; many 
fled for relief to Ihr savages but urrc'takcn again, and 
huiaj. sJtiit, or hroken upon the tvheel : one mctn for 
stealing meal ha, I a. bodkin thrnst through his tongue, 
and was chaine,l to a tree until he starred. Many 
dug holes in the earth and hi, I thmisilirs till they 
famished. So great vasthe scarcity that they ire re con- 
strained to eat dogs, cats, rats, snedces, dc. ,1,0] ,,i,e ina n 
l-illed liis vifeaiiil jiowdered her up to at, j,,,- vj,i,li ]ie 
iras burned. Ma mi fed on corpses. Some v:islie,t Sir 
Thos. Smyfhe on the 'liael- of a mare v'hich the Indians 
laid hille,! ,ind n; ,;■ l„,iling. Many bom of ancieid 
houses jieris],,;! tiy finii III ; //a'sv vJio sii rvived, xvere con- 
strained to serve the colony seven or eight years for their 



Vol. II. 

fiynlom. IIous-i's and churclics then- built were so mean 
mill jiiiiir thill thr II could not stand above tivo or tltree 
yntrs. Jill' ^ji,>iilr breathed execrable curses upon Sir 
Thos. Smijthe. All houses were ruined except some ten or 
tioelve in James City. There are noiu four to every one 
that then 'u.-as. There were 7io fortifications against a 
foniiiii I'linrnj. Above one thousoiid ji, njih u;: re reduced 
'bi/ tlnsr r.ibrrnities to four humlr.,! ,.■/,. u Sir Geo. 
Yiiinll,/ iirrivrd Governor. Ministi rs flnrr vrre, but not 
in orders. The gcnercd condition of the colony in Sir 
Thos. Smythe's twelve years government is contrasted ivith 
the perfection then attained, and the Assembly declare 
that rather than live under the like government, they 
would desire the King to send Commissioners with 
authority to hang the/m. This paper is " affirmed to be 
true," and signed by Sir Francis Wyatt, Governor, and 
* 15 others; alsoby Capt. Francis West, Sir Geo. Yeardley, 

and thirteen others " eye witnesses or resident i)i the 
country ivhen every particular within written v.'ms 
effected." 1623, Feb 20. 

Marcli 4. Order of the Privy Council. The order of 2-t Oct. 1621,' is 

■Whitehall, renewed against carrying the products of Virginia or the Somers 

Islands to foreign countries until they have been first landed in 

England and the King's customs paid. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 

LXXIX., p. 203.] 

March 1 1 . Minutes of the Council for New England. Complaints exhibited 
by the adventurers of New Plymouth, in New England, against 
Jo. Peii'ce. Emman. Alchem, capt. of the Little James, applies for 
discharge of some of his ship's company, lately prest for the King's 
ships. Sir Henry Spilman's propositions for renewing the imtent. 
[Colonial Corresj^, 1022, 3Iay 31, i^p. 37, 38,] 

March 18. Minutes of the Council for New England. The proposition of 
Edw. Cox and others to join with Capt. Robt. Gorges in his 
plantation in New England to be considered ; also several matters 
respecting the new grant of incorporation. One Bounce, agent for 
the adventurers of New Plymouth, having misinformed the Council 
about the seizure of certain barrels of meal by the Mayor of Norwich, 
no information is henceforth to be taken before the Council except 
upon oath. [Colonial Corresp., 1G22, May 31, pp. 38, 39.] 

March 2.5. Minutes t>f the Council for New England. Differences between 
Jo. Peirce and his associates. On 1 June 1621 Peirce obtained a 
grant from the Council of lauds in New England for settling a 
plantation there. On 20 April 1622 he agreed with certain adven- 
turers for a joint interest with him in the above lands, and 
procured a patent, which they were not privy to, of the said lauds to 
himself, his heirs and associates, for ever. Both parties are willing 
to have new grants passed; ordered accordingly. Proposals of 
Mr. Shirley, Treasurer, on behalf of the adventurers of New 


1023. ^ '"■ ^^' 

riymoutli. Sir Hen. Spilnuin's proposals that no person going to 
New Euglaud be alloweJ more tliau 60 acres of land, and that no 
tenant of the patentees settled there be permitted to leave his 
plantation without lieence from his landlord. Patentee.s, who refuse 
to pay in their adventure, to surrender up their riglits, and otliers 
to be admitted iu tlieir places. [Col'jniil Corrcsp., \ey22, May 31, 
iri>. 39-41.] 

March 30. 21. The Council of Virginia to Lord President Mandeville. The 
Whitehall. King having taken the commodity' of tobacco to his own immediate 
use, they have regained new hopes. Have sliown by their petitions 
and general declarations the great prejudice to the colony, tlinui;_;li 
divers contracts, made wholly without their consent or jirivity. 
Thank him for having been the greatest means to overthrow tiie 
former contracts and implore the continuance of his favour. Signed 
by Fran. West, John Pott, Sam. Mathews, Roger Smyth, Will. 
Claybourne, and Will. Tu.-k.'r. [rerftjicl r,./^//.] 

March 30. Ke-grant to Sir Geo. (J.ilvert of a territory in Newfoundland, with 
WcstmiustiT. alteration and addition of some particular points, for better encou- 
raging that plantation. Latin, [^^njn Maniml J,i_c. I.. Vol. XV., 
Ko. 3. Sec ante, 31 I)''c. 1622.] 

April 3. 22. Tlie Governor and Council of Virginia to the Earl of South- 

Jaiiics City, aniptou, and the rest of the Council for Virginia. Two Indians had 
\ir{5ima. pm^,,^ gy,jt, to them, one with a message from the Great King, to the 
ertect that blood enougli had been shed on both sides, and that if 
they were sufiered to jjlant at Pamunkey and their former seats, 
they would send home about 20 prisoners .saved from the massacre 
at Martin's Hundred. He who had saved many lives on the day of 
the massacre, was .sent back with a favourable answer ; the other 
a great man, an actor in the massacre, was jiut in chains. Mrs. 
Boys, the chief of the j)risoners, arrived home within a week, 
apparelled like an Indian Queen ; the rest have not yet come, through 
the fault of Robert Poole, the interpreter. If the savages send home 
the English pi-isoners, and grow secure upon this treaty, the colony 
will have the better advantage to sm'prise them and cut down 
their corn. Have conformed with their instructions concerning the 
sending home of sassafras. Desire to send the fairest sort of silk 
grass. Cajitain Nuee lately dead ; an account will be taken of 
the state of his affairs. Have allowed as many as desired to return 
to their plantations. Wish their commands had concurred with 
their own opinion of planting nearer together. Great loss of men 
through the infection, chiefly brought in by the ships. Request that 
strict orders may be given for the provisions of the ships to be well 
conditioned. Dupper's beer had been the death of a gi-eat nimiber. 
Capt. Each died so suddenly, his project could not be understood. 
Capt. Roger Smyth was sent down to try the ground, but they 
thought it best that the charter party should return to England. 
Have taken steps to build a fort that will fidly command the 
Channel. How uuable they are to sustain such burdens, their 


1623. ^^'^-^^ 

gi-eat troubles and this year's poverty too sufficiently testify. Signed 
by Sir Francis Wyatt, Sir Geo. Yeardley, Geo. Sandys, Chris. 
Davison, John Pott, Ralph Hamor, and Jo. Puntis. \_Copy.] 
April 7. 23. Grant to Sir Geo. Calvert, his heirs and assigns for ever, of 

Westminster. ■< all that entire portion of land situate ^v-ithin our country of New- 
foundland," and. all islands within ten leagues of the eastern shore 
thereof, to be incorporated into a province called Avalon. [Cojyy 
"examined." See ante, 31 Dec. 1Q22, and 30 llarch 1623,] 
April 7. Another copy of the preceding. [Colonial Entry Bl\, Vol. L XV., 

Westminster, ^^p. 1-10.] 

April 7. '2i. Extracts from the above. Power to Sir Geo. Calvert to make 

laws with the consent of the freeholders, or without, in case they 
cannot be called together. [Copy.] 

April 7. 25. Mem. that King James I. granted letters patent to Lord 

and Baltimore of a certain region in Newfoundland, called the province 
1632 of Avalon, and that King Charles I. granted liim a certain region 

June 20. joining upon Yii-ginia, called the province of. Maryland. 

April 7. 26. Sir Francis Wyatt, Gov. of Virginia, to John Ferrar. Under- 

[Virginia.] stands that Capt. Whitaker charges eight of the Company's tenants 
to his account. Describes how they Iiave been employed. Two 
carpenters were at work before the massacre upon the intended inn, 
the palisades, and the court of guard, &c. Wil. Smith allowed 
for his guard out of the 30 assigned to him by the country ; 
others hired to Capts. Norton and Powell. They have been at 
gTcat trouble and cost in planting and guarding their tobacco. It 
was his ill fortune to come when mischief was breeding covered over 
with a treacherous peace. The Margaret and John lately come 
in; she was despaired of, and fell in with a Dutch sliip, the com- 
mander of which said he would come to the colony. The people 
so careless that he advises some commission should be thought of for 
a Marshal Court, at least ad terwrem, it may do much good. Some 
lately cut off while trading ; they must have been surprised ; not 
a piece was discharged. " AVithout doubt either we must drive 
them [the Indians] or they us out of the comitry." A ship has 
lately arrived with 40 men for Mr. Gookin, besides 30 passengers. 
The Margaret and John in great distress for provisions, wliicli is 
likely to be biu'densome to the country. Prays that <ilHl^vill send 
them some ships with provisions. They are cast lieLindhaud for corn, 
and " our men stand so ill to health." Hopes one day he will view 
the country which he bestows such pains upon. Advices from the 
colony are ill believed and received. Endorsed, " By the Abigail." 

April 8. 27. George Sandys to John Ferrar. Collection of his debts. Has 

\'e-,vport]s'ews. divers under arrest, and has distrained on the goods of others ; but 
the country is so empty of tobacco that no present satisfaction wiU 
be given. Went to Kiccowtan about his affairs. Capt. Nuce died 
very poor. The Company's tenants are planted on the most barren 
places in the country ; no croj) of toliacco this year, and hardly a 
grain of corn to sustain them. Capt. Whitaker is at Kiccowtan. Ac- 


1623. ^''^'•"- 

count of his management of Ferrar's tenants ; allowance to Capt. 
Nuce's widow ami child. The Seaflower not yet arrived. Sends 
the names of all his tenants living [iranttng]. His pinnace lies 
like a wreck at Elizabeth City ; has taken measures to have her 
repaired. The " Vinerouns " placed together at Elizabeth City 
employed about silkworms ; hopes to send silk next year. The 
planters busy rebuilding and preparing their grounds, and unable to 
attend them, so has set four to do nothing else, and prepared his own 
chamber at Lieut. Peirce's, the fairest in Virginia, for that purpose 
The Frenchmen's time out next year ; advises him to send more of 
their quality. Has sent his shallop almost as far ns the falls for sand 
for the glassmen, begs him to send two or tiiree hogsheads from 
England. All his servants dead ; must send more, the charges of 
hire intolerable, and all lies upon him who is not able to feed his 
own family. Capt. Spilman, with 26 well-armed men, sent forth to 
trade with the Indians in Mr. Puntis' pinnace, have been cut off 
and taken prisoners. If the Seaflower does not ([uickly come in, 
they will hardly be preserved against famine. A ship has been set 
forth, at great e.xjoense, to the Vomers Islands. The place where they 
are going to build a fort has been decided upon ; ordnance required. 
Unable to send many things by reason of their trembles and want 
of means. The country will be plea.sed to hear that revenge has 
been taken of Dupper for his stinking beer, which has been the 
death of 200 persons. Mr. Tuck deserves thanks and commenda- 
tions. Great likelihoods of the vicinity of the South Sea by general 
report of the Indians ; would willingly venture his life in that dis- 
covery. They are retained in a languishing state by slow supplies, 
and thus curbed from undertaking any enterprise of moment. So 
goodly a territory as Martin's Hundred should be better followed. 
It grieves him much that Ferrar's zeal for the good of "\^irgiuia should 
encounter such di-^litin ti'iiiii'_;x, Ilcipes ere long all will be removed. 
EruJorxrd, "Py tiie Abigail.' 
April 1-1. 28. Christopher Davison to John Ferrar. Hopes he will put a 
James City, lavourable construction upon his proceedings, because of his long 
Virginia. ^i,.)^ness and absence fi-om most 'business since his an-ival. Will 
send by the next ship a perfect catalogue of names of all jaeople 
that died or were slain by the Indians since the massacre, and 
of all living. \_See p. bl , No. 2.] Cannot yet pay Mr. Bland his 
80 lb. of tobacco, because he has not yet received so much from his 
five tenants, all that are alive, nor one grain of corn to help them. 
Davison's brother, Tho.s. Finch, died soon after his arrival. Trusts 
the Company will consider his great loss by the want of 14 or 15 
tenants, and certain cows promised two years ago. The Margaret 
and John, accounted a lost ship, arrived about 7th or Sth of April in 
great distress. About the 10th, the ship sent by Mr. Gookin, called 
(he thinks) the Providence, came to Newport News. The Seaflower, 
though long expected, has not yet arrived, her supply of corn and other 
provisions extraordinarily desii-ed Sends answers to as many of the 
petitions as have been ordered. [Waiifing. EnrJorsfd, " By the Abi- 
gail." 1,1 Domestic Currrsp. Jar. I., Vol. CXX., No. 29, Cal. p. 236 


1G23. ^''-"- "• 

there is " an Account of an attack on the Margaret and John of 
London, bound for Virginia, in a West Indian Harbour, liy two 
Spanish men-of-war.''] 

April 1 7. Order of the Privy Council Lord Cavendish and others, repre- 
ss hiteluiU. senting the Virginia Company, liaving been heard respecting the 
grievances of divers adventurers and planters, it is the King's 
pleasure that a commission be appointed to enquire into the true 
state of the Virginia and Somers Islands plantations ; the monies 
that have been collected, how procured and expended, the abuses 
and grievances, and how they may be prevented hereafter. No 
private letters to be sent thither by any man about other than 
his own business. General letters to be written liy the Companies 
to Virginia to exhort and admonish the inhabitants t'> live together 
in concord and amity. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., 
pp. 203, 204-.] 

April 18. Lord Treasurer Middh'sex to Sec. Conway. Sends an account of 
Clielsea. proceedings yesterday in the Council for the King's information, 
respecting the differences of the two Companies of Virginia and the 
Somers Islands. Commission awarded to Sir. WiL Jones, Sir 
Nicholas Fortescue, Sir Hen. Bourchier, Sir Hen. Spiller, Sir Fras. 
Gofton, Sir Rich. Sutton, and Sir Wil. Pytt to examine into the 
whole business, from the beginning of Sir Tlios. Smythe's govern- 
ment. Both Companies appointed to meet, to agree to a general 
letter, to be approved by the Privy Council, and sent over at once ; 
no private letter to go differing in any point from it. Resolved 
also that the Privy Council write to both plantations, acquainting 
them with the King's pious and princely care of them, and the 
eoui'se in hand to provide better for them. [Domestic Corrcsp. 
Jac. /., A>hlni<lcu Vol. CCXVIL] 

April 19. Cliamberlain to Carleton. A great faction fallen out in the 
London. Virginia Company. Earl of Soutliampton, Lord Cavendish, Sir Ed. 
Saekville, Sir John Ogle, Sir Edwin Sandj-s, being the heads on one 
side ; on the other are the Earl of Warwick, Sir Thos. Smythe, Sir 
Nath. Rich, Sir Henry Mildmay, and Ahlerman Johnson. On 
ISIonday [ 1 4 April] they were iDefore the King with their accusa- 
tions and allegations, when SackviUe carried himself so insolently 
that the King " was fain to take him down soundly and roundly," 
but hears he made his peace the next day by means of the Lord 
Treasurer. [E.dmd. Domestic Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CXLIIL, 
Ko. 22, Cal.p. .561.] 

Ain-il 28. Order of the Privy Council upon a petition of planters from the 

Whitehall. Somers Islands, praying that certain tobacco brought by them to 
Eno-land, and seized by the Company for payment of an impo- 
sition of id. per lb., may be restored to them. The prayer of the 
petitioners is granted, and the Commissioners appointed to examine 
into the state of the Virginia and Somers Islands jilantations are 
directed to take into consideration the impositions iit to be levied 
upon tobacco until the deVit of the Comjiany be fully discharged. 
[Colonial Entru BIc, Vol. LXXIX., p. 204.] 



April 28. 

April 28. 



May 8. 


May 8. 


May 13. 


VuL. II. 

Order of the Privy Couucil. The letters of the Virginia and 
Sonier.s Islands Companies to the j)lantations are disallowed, Ijecause 
they omitted to certify the King's grace and favour to those planta- 
tions ; and tlie contract is dissolved, wlicrebytlie King was to 
receive one third part of ail tobacco coming from thence, and (JtZ. per 
lb. upon the other two parts. An abatement is directed from twelve- 
pence to ninepence per lb. upon tobacco for all chai-ges belonging 
to the Kinfj, and the Companies are granted the sole imjiortation 
into the King's douiinions. [Cvkmlal £ntr>/ JlL, Vol. LXXIX., 
■p. 20 i.] 

The Privy Council to the Governor of Virginia. The King has 
taken into consideration the jiresent state of the {jlantations in 
Virginia and the Somers Islands, and extended his care for the 
redress of that which is, and the prevention of all misunder- 
standings in future, for the benefit of every honest person interested 
therein. That no discouragement be apprehended by loose adver- 
tisements proceeding from factious humours or [)rivate end.s, it has 
been thought good to inform liim thereof and he is therefore 
required strictly to charge tlie iidiabitants to live together in unity, 
and to be more careful of the good of the pbmtation, the fortifi- 
cations, houses of habitation, and provisions, not being in such a state 
as the}^ ought to be, which is very displeasing to His Majesty to hear. 
[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. LXXIX., p. 205.] 

Minutes of the Council for New England. Ti»uching the dif- 
ferences between Mr. IIci])kins and Mr. Peirce about the transporta- 
tion of the former and two other persons to New England. Upon 
Mr. Peddock's petition for allowance towards the charge of his last 
voyage thither. A bill of adventure to the Earl of Warwick to be 
sealed. Christopher Levett to be a principal patentee, and to have 
a grant of 6,000 acres of land. Licence to be given to Melch. 
Bennett, of Barnstaple, for setting forth the Eagle, John Wetheridge, 
master, ona fishing voyage. [Colon'tal Corresp., 1622, Jllaij 31, pp. 

Sec. Conway to Sir Edw. Sackville. Ac([uaiuts him with the 
King's pleasure concerning a petition on behalf of the Virginia 
Company, which he was a]ipointed to deliver to His Maiest3^ 
[Minute, Conicay's Letter Bk. p. 40.] 

Sec. Conway to Sec. Calvert. To hasten the passing under the 
seals the Commission concerning the Virginia Company, and to order 
the Commissioners to expedite the business. [Minute, Conu.xty's 
Letter Bk., p. 40.] 

Order of the Privy Council. Upon comjilaint of the Earl of 
AVarwick and the principal adventurers in the plantation of Virginia 
and the Somers Islands, who with the Virginia Company were 
directed to attend the Commissioners for examination into grievances 
and abuses of government, against an impertinent declaration, con- 
taining bitter invectives and aspersions upon the Earl of Warwick 
and others, styled his instruments and agents. Lord Cavendish, Sir 



Vol. IL 

Edwin Sandys, Nicholas and Jolm Ferrar, of the Virginia Company, 
the chief actors in the inditing and })enning thereof, to be confined to 
their several houses until further order, as guilty of a contempt of the 
commands of the Council Table. \C'olordal Entry Bl., Vol. LXXIX., 
2>p. 205, 206.] 
May 1-1. Sec. Sir Geo. Calvert to Sec. Conway. The election of new 

St. liartin's officers which the King recommended to the e.special care of the 
Lane. Virginia Company at their Court this day, was yesterday, by the 
King in Council, ordered to be put off, and none chosen until next 
Court. Incloses letter he has written to the Treasurer of the Com- 
pany, by the King's commands, and requests it may be speedily 
shown to His Majesty. [Domestic Corresp. Jac. /., Vol. CXLIV., 
Xo. 4:5, Cul. p. 58.3. See following entry.] 

May li. 29. Sec. Calvert to the Earl of Southampton, Lord Treasurer of 

WhitL'Iiall. Virginia. The King commands him to notify to the Virginia Com- 
pany not to proceed to the election of new officers until His Majesty's 
pleasure be further made known. 

May 22. Order of the Privy Council. That all charters, books, letters, and 

AVliftehall. any other writings, belonging or relating to the plantations of 
Virginia and the Somers Islands be delivered to the Commissioners 
for those plantations, and that all boxes and packets of letters 
hereafter brought over from those parts during thi.s Commission be 
immeiliately delivered to the Commissioners to be by them broken 
open, perused, and disposed of, as they shall find cause. [Colonial 
Entry Bl,:, Vnl. LXXIX., pp. 206, 207.] 

June 4. 30. Examinations of Capt. Isaac and iSIary Maddison and Serj. 

John Harris, taken before Sir Francis Wyatt Governor, Sir Geo. 
Yeardley, Geo. Sandys, Treasurer, Dr. John Pott, Capts. Roger Smyth 
and Ralph Hamor, and John Puntis of the Council of Virginia, and 
Chr. Davison, Secretary, touching the supposed contract of mari'iage 
between Mr. Greville Pooley and iVIrs. Cicely Jordan, three or four 
days after her liusband's death. With note underwritten that Cicely 
Jordan having since contracted herself to Will. Ferrar before the 
Governor and Council, and disavowed the former contract, they are 
not able to decide so nice a difference, but desire the opinion of the 
civil lawyers. 

June 10. Minute of the Council for New England. Conference upon 

speedily furnishing money to discharge the country at Whitby and 
defray the charges for bringing about the ship. [Colo7iial Corresp., 
1622, May^\,p. 43.] 

June 17. Minutes of the Council f<ir New England. Sir Wil. Bellasis, and 

Kdiiiiiiid lliudenell to be admitted patentees and councillors. Two 
bills (if nilveiiture are sealed for the Lord Keeper, one for llOZ., for 
a patintee's jiurt in the main land, tlie other for 160?., for the same 
and a rateable share in the ship. Propositions offered by Francis 
Weekes on behalf of merchants of Barn.staple for settling a planta- 
tion in New England are read, and delivered to Mr. Treasurer to 
prepare answers. \_Colonud Corresp., 1G22, May 31, 2^P- 43-4.] 



June 21. 

June 2(]. 

1623. *"''•""• 

June ? 31. Petition of Edmund Brudenell to the Privj^ Council. Haviiii; 

re-solved upon a vo^-age to New England with a comjjany of 
about forty men, prays for liljerty to ship three or four ]ueces of 
ordnance and 200?., for the [)urcliase of provisi(jus ami necessaries 
before their departure. 

Minute of the Council for New England. Answers are delivered 
to the propo.sitions of the merchants of Barnstaple for settling a 
jjlantation in New England and a promise taken under the hand of 
Eras. Weekes for payment of 2o0l. for a grant which the Council are 
contented to pass. [Imperfect. Colonial C'orre.vp., 1622, Mdij 31, 
p. U.] 

32. Sec. Conway to the Lord President of York. The King judges 
well of the undertaking in New England and more particularly 
of a design of Christopher Levett, one of the Council, for settling 
that plantation, to build a city there and call it York. Levett 
wishes fifty men to join with him in the adventure, to carry over 
fifty others, and to build a fort for their preservation and for the 
security of the plantation. The King requests that he will, by fair 
persuasion, win assistance from the county in a work so honourable 
to the nation and to the city of York. [Draft ivith corrections.] 

June 30. Sec. Conway to Sec. Calvert. The King desires the Lords of the 
Privy Council diligently and daily to attend to the business of 
Virginia, until it be fuUv agreed and concluded. [Extract Domestic 
Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CXLVIL, No. 88, Cal. x>. 62i.] 

June. 33. List of shareholders in the Virginia Company with the number 

of shares attached to each name, and the reasons of their allotment, 
whether by purchase or otherwise. This list consists of eiglit pai'es, 
and extends from March 1616 to June 1623. Annexed, 

33. I. Lid of 72 patents granted to several 'persons named, all 

of whom have divers partners, " v:hose nann's and several 
shares ive do not knotv." 

July 2. 

July 2. 


ifem. that 72 patents for lands in Virginia were granted to as 
many persons. [Colonial Corresp)., 1609, p. 2.] 

3 k Answer of the Virginia Company, assembled in General Com-t, 
to the Privy Council. Have taken their Lordships conmiands into 
consideration for the speedy sending of supplies to Virginia ; divers 
hundred will be supplied by private adventure and many persons 
by friends. Are not able this day to come to any conclusion for a 
general supply, and desire respite until Friday to advise thereon in a 
full court Suggest that some course be taken that those indebted 
to the Company pay in their subscriptions. 

35. Lord President Mandeville to Sec. Conway. The Viro-inia 
Company have been shown the letters " that make a map of the 
colony's misery," and measures have been taken for relief of the 
colony, " for relieved they must be, and that presently." The 
Company have begged until Friday to deliver their answer : but 
are taking into consideration fit rules for bettering the government 


3 623. 

Vol. II. 

of the colony liereafter. Sends such rules as were thought of by the 
Lords, and copy of Sandys' letter, some of the Company having 
alleged that no such accounts of the miseries or necessities of the 
colony had reached them. Incloses, 

35. I. Bulrs ,s,f Jaw, I In/ tin- Lnr<Js of the Priv)/ Council forbetter- 
(inj tlie [loctrniiuiit la ]^i,yiiiia. Forts to be erected in 
heulthu places. Guest houses to be built for the sick and 
stra ngers. The most fertile a nd ivholesome toivns and ■places 
to be chosen for habitation and to be seated near to one 
another. Ships, jji'^tnaces and barges to be maintained 
at the common charge. Provisions necessary for food to 
be cared for before matters of profit. The inen to be 
divided into three parts; sovie to be employed in public 
vjorks, some in solving and planting, and some "for 
strength and discoveries." Dangers from the Indians 
to be provided against. Men of experience in govern- 
ment and fit for commanders to be sent over. Churches 
and schools to be erected. Directions from the Privy 
Council in all matters of importance to befollotced; and 
reforms to be made in the election of councillors. 
35. II. Oeo. Sandys to John Ferrar. 1623, Apiil 8. [See Calen- 
dar of this date, p. 42, Xo. 27.] 
July 2. 3G. Dephebus Canne to John Delbridge. AVrites by a bark from 

Virginia. Canada on her return thence. All his fish sold ; errors in the 
accounts. Hopes the Bonaventure and Success have arrived. "Would 
to God that the apparel and frieze which came in the Success were 
turned into meal, oatmeal, and peas. The land is destitute of food, 
and they pray for relief Great hopes of a good harvest of corn. 
The Seaflower, looked for these three months, not yet arrived. Great 
crop of tobacco expected ; tlie weather has been good and seasonable. 
Slaps daily expected from Canada and Newfoundland, with supjDlies 
of fish for the plantation for a year. The Indians quiet ; it is 
thought they have fears for their corn, which he thinks will be 
shortly destroyed. Some 13 persons went in a shallop to make 
peace with the infidels, who met them in great numbers at the river 
side, and after getting " our english people " m the shallop, tliere 
was a watch word given, the English shot and killed some 40 Indians, 
among them Apachaniken, the commander of all the other Indians, 
and two chiefs. Hopes they may gather their crops free from the 
danger of the savages, for he has " a great desire to make clear of 
the country." Endorsed, " To the Wors. Jno. Delbridge, Merchant in 
Barnstaple, by the way of Canada." 

July 3. [Sec. Conway] to Lord Ti'easurer Middlesex. The Privy Council 

are l^y strict examination to sift out whether the I'efusal of the 
Virginia Company to comply with the King's request be on 
account of being bound by their laws, or a pretext to colour 
a wilful breach of His Majesty's commands. Tlie Attorney 
General is to examine into tlie foundation and limitations of their 
commission and behaviour, and to inquire whether, in such extreme 



VuL. II. 

coiiduet, the coiiiniisslou is iKit void. [DoJlESTic Curre.'ip., Vol. 
CXLVIII.,Xn. 1!), Cal.p. 4.] 
1G23 ? 37. Tiie King- to tlie Archbishops of and York. Tlie 

imdertaker.s of the pLaiitation of Virginia, wherein good progress is 
niaiJe, lieing about to erect cliurches and seliools for the education 
of the children of the infidels there, tliey are recpiired to recommend 
to their clergy the raising a liberal contribution for so good a work, 
to be collected four times in tljc two next ensuing years. [Draft.] 

July 4. Order of the Privy Coun.-il Tipnu a representation of Lm-d Caven- 

WliitL'liall. dish and others of the Virginia Company. Concerning the relief to 
be afibrded to the plantation of Virginia, the inhabitants being in 
great danger of pei'ishing by famine. Divers private members had 
underwritten for TOO/., to lie laved out in meal and immediately 
dispatcher!, and another sum of 1,800/. had also been subscribed 
for the su]iply of particular hundreils and ))rivate persons there. 
Directing for the supply of so great a want, tliat a general contribu- 
tion be levied upon the whole Company, according to their shares ; 
the meal and other provisions sent thither to be sold at reasonable 
].rices. [Colonial Entrij Bl.:, V.,1. LXXIX., p. -207.] 

July 4. 3S. List of names of those who will a<lvi'nture, and tlie amounts, in 

victuals and necessary j)rovision of ajijiarel, which it is ]iui-]iosed to 
send this present summer, for relief of the colony and particular 
friends in Virginia. Total 1,800?. On the inner leaf is written 
nine time.s, " I will adventure" leaving a blank space for the name 
of the adventurer and the amount. 

July 4. 3S). List of names of those who will adventure, and the amounts 

which they bind themselves to pay within ten days unto Rich. 
Caswell, chosen treasurer for this present magazine, for necessary 
provisions for the colony of Virginia, to be bought by those whom 
they shall appoint. Total 7'27l. 

July .■;. [See. Conway] to Lord President :\randeville. The King is 

Windsor. pleased with his careful attendance at the Council table, and with 
liis reports, and will take time to consider the rules set down by the 
Loi'ds [see ante, 2 July, indosure 1.], as also the notes offered Ijy 
Lord Chichester [nyintin;;]. His Majesty w^ould like to hear how 
the Virginia Company will i)ut in execution those rules for better 
government, and whether they did not make a pretext of their con- 
stitutions to break his commands. [DuMESTIc Ctnrr.^j^). Jar. I., 
Vol. CXLVIIL, No. 33, (Jul. p. 7.] 

July 5. 40. Lord President JIandeville to Sec. Conwa}-. The Virginia 

Company returned answer on Friday last, " what they would pre- 
.sently do for the relieving of the poor souls in Virginia." They had 
already underwritten for 700/., to be laid out in meal and sent 
thither ; and 1,800/. had also been subscribed for the supply of par- 
ticular hundreds, and private persons in the colony. The Company 
alleged that good store of butter and cheese had been sent from 
Flushing in May last. The Privy Council have directed that every 
one of the sharers in the Companj' shall contribute to the present 



relief proportiouately. Did not expect to have found the Company 
so forward, but tliinks they are willing to hold their government. 
They have also yielded to restore Mr. Wroth to be again of the 
Company and Council. The points of misgovernment on both sides 
are formally before the Commissioners. 
July 13. 4L [Sec. Conway] to the "Commissioners for examining the 

giievances in the plantations of Virginia and Bermudas." The 
beaver Capt. Bailj^ has given information to the King of certain 
quantities of ambergris found in Bermudas, which belongs, ac- 
cording to his relation, either to His Majesty or to Capt. Somers, 
" whom he terms the first discoverer." Tliey are desired to inquire 
into that business, wlierein com2;)laint has been made of some great 
wrong done. [Draft. ] 
July 19. Order of the Privy Council for an allowance to the officers that 

Whitehall attended the Commissioners, deputed to examine into the state of 
the Virginia business. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 207.] 

July ? Project by Capt. Baily that the King should make a plan- 

tation in Virginia or New England, by which the kingdom may 
annually be rid of 3,000 poor, and tliat each should have 20 acres of 
land, a h(>usi\ and victuals out of the store for one year. The prisons 
may be riupticil, and much blood saved as well as relief given to 
many by ^eiidiu-- them tliither. Every trade should be encouraged 
in those plantations. Reasons why Capt. Baily induced the people 
to contribute to so good a work. Every man throughout England 
and Wales, for himself and family, that gives a' penny apiece annu- 
ally for ten years, to have the same privileges as he that gives 
1,000?. Books to be kept in every parish to register the names of 
the giver, and of those who refuse to contribute. Has made this 
project known to many thousands, and some have subscribed 10?. 
per annum ; some 5/. ; great numbers 20.s., and none less than 2s. Gd. 
Profits that will accrue to the King. Desires that His Majesty will 
command letters to be written to the City of London, and some few 
coimties to make a trial of his project. [Domestic Corresp. Jac. I. 
\:undated\Vol.GLXXXIX.,No. 3(3, Cat p. 521 ; see aim p. 56, No. 53.] 

July 21. [Sec. Conway] to Sir Thos. Smythe and others. The King 
requests their opinion on the proposition of Capt. Baily for the 
advancement of foreign plantations, and on eveiy particular propo- 
sition which may be offered by him having relation to that end. 
[Domestic Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CXLIX., Ko. 16, Cal. p. 23.] 
July 22. Order of the Privy Council appointing Lords Grandison, Carew, 

Whitehall, and Chichester, to take certain notes into consideration, and out of 
them to fi-ame such orders as they conceive most fit for regulating 
the government of Virginia, to be advised on by the Privy Council. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 194.] 
July 23. 42. Account of the sums subfscribed, and the supplies sent since 
April la,st for the relief of Vii'ginia, with the names of the vessels 
in which they were sent over. The total money value is estimated 
at 3,800?. 


1 pOQ "^^01- II- 

July 20. Cliamberlain to Carleton. L;ist week the Earl of Warwick a:id 
I..>iidon. Lord Caveudish " fell so foul " at a Virginia or Bermudas Court 
that the lie passed and repassed. They are '' got over " to try 
their fortune, but it is not known whether they have met. Their 
ladies I'nrget not their old familiarity, and hxment this misfortune. 
The fart ions in those two Companies are grown as violent as between 
Guelph and Ghibelines, and they seldom meet but they quarrel. 
If the society be not cUssolved soon, or remodelled, worse effects may 
follow than the whole is wortli. Then- old acquaintance, 
[John] Pory, is in prison at the Terceiras, whither he was driven 
by contrary winds from the north coast of Virginia, where he had 
been upon some discovery. [Extrud. Domestic Corresix Jac. I., 
Vol. CXLIX., Xo. 48, C'al. p. 30.] 
July 28. Lord President Mandeville to Sec. Conway. The Virginia Com- 
Totteridgc. pany are requu-ed to send their release, and to give an account of 
the provisions they sent [for relief of the Colony]. The Attorney 
General i.s to examine their former patents, and the returns of the 
last commission that the King may ujjon just grounds " determine " 
the former, and pass another [patent]. He is also to prepare a 
better form of government. Has delivered the notes and directions 
given by the King to Lords Grandison, Carew, and Chichester, the 
rules drawn out by the Privj' Council for .strengtliening the govern- 
ment of Virginia, and the return of the Commissioners lately made. 
[Kvtract. Do.mestic Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CXLIX.. Ku. 70, Cal.p. 3o.] 
July 3L 43. Att. Gen. Coventry and Sol. Gen. Heath to the King. Have 
received,- from the Virginia Company, an account of what has been 
done for the relief of that colony. Have diligently periLsed their letters 
patent, and the certificates of the Virginia Commissioners concerning 
the ajiparent abuses and miscan'iage in the government, and conceive 
the King may justly resume it. llecommend that, so soon as the 
order of government has been determined upon, the King should, by 
jiroclamation, command the forliearance of the execution of those 
letters patent, and of the authority thereby committed to the Com- 
pany ; and should they not voliuitarily yield up their privileges, 
legal proceedings may be taken against them for calling in their 
patent. [This letter was inclosed in a letter from Lord Treasurer 
Middlesex to Sec. Conway, who adds that the King will thereby 
perceive his own power of resuming the government, and settling 
it for the public good. Suggests, as most of the Privy Council are 
out of town, that the Company be allowed to go on until they meet, 
about a month hence. See Domestic Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CL., 
No. 31, C'al, p. 45.] Inclose, 

43. I. Note of victuals and provishn^.-^ s, -„i hii,' persmi for 
relief of Virginia in the G,n,;j., .r/,;,'/, ,,,, Monday next 
is to go to Gravesend. Total 2H h,>jsli,,i,h, besides large 
quantities taken by piassengers, and meal for the maga- 
zine to the value of 200?. 
43. II. Account of the value of the provisions sent for relief of 
Vimina in the Trudove. Total 5261. 

^ d2 


1G23. ^^'-"- 

Sept. 16. 44'. Invoice of goods sent to Yirginia by John Harrison in the 
London. Marmaduke, John Dennis, master, for the use of Geo. Harrison. 

Endorsed is a certificate by Dennis tliat they were shipped in good 

order and well conditioned. 

Oct. S. Lord President Mandcville to [Scc. Conway]. Has disiiatched a 

Whituliall. uiessenger after the Deputy of the Virginia Company, as without him, 
in the absence of the Governor, none of the Company will take any- 
thing upon themselves. The Lords of the Piivy Council have siim- 
moued them for Mon(ky next and warning has been given that the 
Company are not then to fail attendance. [E.druct. Domestic 
Corret>p. Juc. I., Vol. CLIIL, Xo. 14, Oal. p. S8.] 

Oct. 8. 4-5. Order of the Privy Council, declaring the King's resolution, 

because of the distressed state of Virginia occasioned by miscarriage 
of tlie government, by a new charter to the adventurers and Company 
of that plantation, to appoint a Governor and twelve a.ssistants 
resident in England dependent on the Privy Comicil and to be chosen 
by the King the first time, unto whom the government of the Company 
and colony shall be committed; also a Governor and 12 assistauts 
resident in Virginia to be nominated by the Governor and a.ssistants 
in England ; and His Majesty's determination, in default of their sub- 
mission to accept of a new charter, to recall all their former charters. 

Oct. 8. Another copy of the preceding. [Colonial Entry Bl\, Vol. 

LXXIX., pp. 1 95-6.] 

Oct. 8. Order of the Privy Covincil for Sir William Jones and others, the 

Connnissioners for examining into the state of Virginia and the 
Somers Islands, to continue their inquiry, and, at a convenient time, 
to report their proceedings to the Board [Colonial Entrtj Bk., 
VolLXXrX.,p. 195.] 

Oct. 1"). Order of the Privy Council, dispensing with the attendance of 

\;ill. Justice Sir William Jones, one of the Virginia Connnissioners, upon 
that business, by reason of his other em])loyraent, and directing the 
other Commissioners to a})point certain days for their meeting that 
they may proceed therein with all expedition. [Colonial Euirij 
BL, Vol. LXXIX., 2). 196.] 

Oct. 1 5. ■[('>. Answer of the Virginia Company in Court assembled to the 

Vnw ( 'uimcil. Conceive the proposition for giving up their charter 
to be of such gi'eat weight and consequence that they beg for respite 
until their next Quarter Court on lOtli November, the earliest time 
their letters patent give tliem power to malve fiuther answer. 

Abstract of the above letters patent granted to above 1,000 
persons by their particular nau'.es, besides the new adventurers 
and planters in Virginia, as also unto 60 several companies of London 
and other coi'porate towns. [Minute. Colonial Corresp., 1609, p. 2.] 

Oct. 1 7. Order of the Privy Council. The Deputy and others representing 

WUiteluiil. the Vii'giniaCiinqniny are directed toa[ipear before the Board on the 

20tli inst, to deliver a final answer as to v.hctlier they will be content 


1623. ^'-"- 

Id .sunvn.lcr tli.'ir t.^rincr cliartrrs .•uid aceept. of a ^^r^v ,>liart.T with 
the alterations iiu-ntioii,Ml in tie Onler .if Privv < 'n,,„,-il uf the ,sth 
inst. [(.\'/unnil Kulru BL:. Vol. LXXIX.. pi^ IDT-N.J 

( )i/t. 1 7. Lord President ?iLindeviUe to See. (Jouway. Tlie ^'irj^-inia Company 

wi.iti.hall. attended the Privy Council this day to answer whetlier they would 
sunender their old jiatent. Has giveu them in writing the altera- 
tions intended by the King; to change only the frame of govern- 
ment and manner of the plantation for the good of the people, and 
to preserve and secure private interests. The Company say they 
cannot give up their patent until their next (Quarter Comt meets 
on 19tli' Nov. The Lords, ill pleased with this reply, jiereniptorily 
ordered the Com])any to hring a direct answer on Monday ne.\t, 
A\'hen if tliey do not surrender the patent the Altdrney (Jeneral is 
directed to t.ake a course to revoke it. [H.rtrart. Domestic Currc^p. 
Jar. /., Vol. CLIir., No. (17, C"l. y-. 1)7.] 

Oct. 20. Order of the Privy Council, declaring that the King has no other 

\\ hitLluili. intention in reforming and changing the present government of 
Virginia, than the remedying bad eftects that tend to endanger the 
whole jilantation ; that every man's estate shall be fully ])reserved, 
and if anything be defective, better secured ; and commanding that 
the ships intended for Virginia be with all speed sent away for 
relief of the jilantation. This and the two annexed orders to be 
pul:)li,shed throun;hout Virginia bvthe bearer, John Pory. [C'ulonidl 
Eu1r;i III.:. Vu/.'LXX fX.. ii/,. l!»!>-20().] These ,,rd.'rs of 4 Julv and 
.S Oct. KiL':), will be tbund calendarcl under their proper dates.' 

Oct. 20. 47. Answi'r of the Virginia Company to the Privy Council. 

Tiaving put to the question their Lord.ships' proposition in the 
direct wnrds as commanded, there were only nine hands for deliver- 
ing up the charters; all the rest, about three score, were of a 
contrai'v npininn. 

Oct. 20. 48. Schedule of the names f)f those present at an extraordinary 

Court of the Virginia Company, by appointment of the Lords, 
touching the surrender of the charters ; distinguishing those who 
held up their hands for and against. The names of those who lield 
up their hands to surrender the patent were : Sir Sam. Argoll, Sir 
Thos. Wroth, Captain Jo. Martin, Mr. Canning, Mr. WoodalC Martin 
the Armenian. .Ab.ja.sco the Pole; the other two not known. It 
is doulited wdietlier ^Lutin and Jbjlasco ought to have voice. 

Oct. 24. Order of the Pj-ivy Coimcil, requiring John Harvey to give a 

Whitehall, diligent account of the present state of Virginia, the number of 
plantations, public and private, and the men, women, and children 
in each ; fortifications, and places best to be fortified ; number 
of bouses, cattle, arms, ammunition, and ordnance ; corn and other 
provisions ; boats, barques, bridges, and public works ; intercourse 
with the savages ; the hopes that may be entertained of the 
colony, and the best means to attain them. [Colonial Entry BL, 
Vol. LXXIX., IK 200.] 


Vol. II. 

I Oct. 24.] The Privy Council to the Governor and Council in Virginia. 
John Harvey and other.? having been appointed to inquire into the 
state of the plantation ; they are directed to be aiding and assisting 
him therein. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. LXXIX., p. 200.] 

Nov. 7. 49. Warrant from the Commissioners for Virginia. Sundry petitions 
concerning the colony having been referred to them for examination, 
they i-equire a trunk of writings locked \\\) under the custody of one 
of the clerks of tlie Privy Council, to be delivered to the bearer. 
Signed by Sirs Henry Spiller, Fras. Gofton, Will. Pitt, Rich. Sutton, 
and Hen. Bourgchier [Bourchier]. [See 1024, Feb. IC] 

Nov. 21 ? -50. Petition of the Companies for Virginia and the Somers Islands to 
the King. That the commis.sion granted upon complaint of Alder- 
man Johnson and others for examination of the misgovernment of 
those Comjianies, may be proceeded in, and that in the mean time 
they maj^ stand right in the King's judgment, the oppugners, who 
have contriliuted but little either by purse or counsel, being only 26 
persons. That their books, which have been sequestered 14 days, may 
be restored, and that they may be preserved in the rights and privi- 
leges granted to them under the Great Seal. 

Nov. 21. Order of the Privy Council for delivery to the Virginia Company of 
Whitehall, all books and writing in the hands of the Virginia Comnii.ssi oners 
belonging to the Company, against whom a quo warranto has been 
issued, questioning their charters. [ColnninI Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., 
p. 208.] 
Nov. ol. Sirs Thos. Smythe, John Wolstenholme, Hump. Handford, 

and Robert Johnson, to Sec. Conway. According to his letter of the 
21st July, they have conferred with Cajjt. Baily upon his 
project for the advancement of foreign plantations [see ante p. .50]. 
Hold it to be good and commendable so far only as it concerns 
public plantations to the southward of Virginia. As to the other 
part of his project, very much doubt how so great a sum can 
easily be levied, nor do they approve of that course, because the 
kingdom has been drained by previous gatherings in churches and 
lotteries for the support of former plantations. 

Dec. 8. .52. The King to the Lord Lieutenant of . The trial made 

by persons of quality in the adventure of their private estates and 
fortunes for planting a colony in New England, the benefits and 
commodities found in those parts, and the returns from thence, prove 
the uinlt-rtakiiig to be of public hope and consequence, and worthy 
of Hi.-; .M.-ijcsty'.s care. But as so great a work cannot well be 
managed witlmut more help, and the western counties are so con- 
veniently situated for receiving commodities and sending supplies, 
he is invited to move other persons of quality to join with him in 
the advancement of that plantation, a work in which tlie public 
take great interest and likely to bring in good returns, and 
whicli the agents of the patentees will more fully explain. Hopes 
that no persuasion is needed to further good works, and expects 
a full account of his proceedings. [Draft. Endorsed, " Three 




Dec. 8. 

Dec. 8. 


Dec. S. 


Dec. 8. 


Dec. 19. 


Dec. 30. 


Vol. II. 

letters, of the like tenor, were directed to the counties of Corn- 
wall, Somerset, Devon, an<l the cities of Bristol and Exeter."] 

Order of the Privy Council upon a petition of the Company of 
Adventurers to the Somers Islands, concerning the differences be- 
tween the Governor and Company and the adventurers and planters 
of those islanils. The dehts of the Company amounting to 1,400^., 
it was ordered that 400^. should be borne by an imposition upon all 
tobacco that came this year from thence, the residue to be paid 
equally by the adventurers according to each man's share; im- 
positions were likewise layed upon the tobacco of the planters 
towards the public charges. The above orders are confirmed, and 
it is declared that those who refuse to pay such as.sessments .shall be 
I iroceeded against, and compelled to do so. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. LXXIX., pp. 20S-d.] 

Order of the Privy Council, upon a petition of adventurers and 
planters of Virginia, complaining that the charges for drfcnce of 
tliose of the Company proceeded against by a quo warraiitu is, by 
an order of the Court, to be borne out of the public stock, to the 
prejudice of such as are willing to surrender their charter; directing 
that all those questioned in the quo warranto make their defence at 
tlieir own particular charge. [Culonial Entry Bl:., Vol. LXXIX., 
p. -209.] 

Order of the Privy Council, directing the Attorney General to re- 
port upon a ci)m])laint of William Cannyn [Canning] against Thomas 
Kiglitley, fur ha\in;_;' arrested him on an action of 5001., because he 
did use some reasons in Court to persuade the sur.'-ender of the 
Virginia cliarter, and not to contest with the King .nlxuit the 
government. [Vnlon'ud Entry BL, V,,!. LXXfX., p. -lou.] 

Order of the Privy Council, directing the Attorney General to re- 
jmrt upon a petition of Nich. Ferrar, Deputy of the Virginia Com- 
})an3-, who attirins that the Commissioners for examining into the 
afiairs of the V'irginia and yomers Islands Companies had not set any 
course for paying the debts of the Somers Islands Company, which 
was referred unto them by the Board. [Colon ioJ Entry Bk., 
Vol.LXXrX.,pp. 209-10.] 

The Privy Council tij the Governor and Companj' of Virginia. 
Capt. .Tolin Martin, a planter of Virginia, having been detained a 
good while in England by reason of controversies concerning that 
plantation, is now returning with some of his servants and many 
others that would plant with him. Recommend that '' more than 
ordinary respect should be had of him," and that he and all under 
his command be free from oppression and allowed peaceably to enjoy 
their lands and goods. [Colonvd Entry Bk, Vol. LXXIX., p. 21o!] 

The Privy Council to the Deputy Governor of Virginia [Com- 
jtany?]. For reasons known to the Privy Coimcil, he is directed to 
seize all letters, public as well as private, in a ship lately arrived 
from Virginia, and to .send them immediately, unopened, to their 
Lordships. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 210.] 


1G23. ^^-•"- 

Petition nf tlie Cuivernor and Council uf Vii-ginia to the King, for 
tlie sole iiniiortatidii of tobacco to tliem and tlie Somers Islandfi. 
[Minute. Cvln,n<il Cnirsp., 1GOO,^>. 5.] 

] 623 ? 53. " Project concerning Virginia" [l:)y Capt. Baily.] Has laboured 

in this business four years, and presented^ reasons to the King to 
induce the jieople to contribute to a plantation there. Points out a 
way to raise 1 5,000^. per ann. by the gift of one penny per poll in 
London and the suburbs from Tothill St. to Limehouse, supposing 
there to be 000,000 householders, and to increase the sum to 
GOO, 000?. by similar contributions from the forty shires in 
England and twelve in Wales. Requests that the King may be 
moved to make a trial of his project by commanding letters to be 
wiitten to London and Middlesex. [Sec unie, p. oO.] 

lG2o ? 54.. Pro^iortion of the charge to furnish and transport six men to 

Virginia. The amount for victuals, apparel, tools, arms, trnnsport, 
;vnd freight, is estimated at 114/. Ids. M. Endursvd "For Mr. 

Vol. III. 1624-1625. 

Jan. 8. Att. (ien. (A-vcutiy to the Privy (.'ouncil. Has heard tlie 

witnesses produced b}' Will. Canning and Tlios. Kightley, tlie 
former bringing many to prove that Kightley declared it to be 
neither just nor honest to deliver up the patent [of the Virginia 
Company], whilst Kightley produced the certificates of 2t 
persons who were present to prove that he never uttered such words. 
Kightley brought an action against Canning for striking him on the 
Exchange, M'liich arose out of a quarrel in Court the day before ; 
for this a jury gave 20?. against Canning. Leaves the whole matter 
to their consideration. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jae. /., Vol. CL VIII., 
Ko. 12, C<d. p. 146. See ante, 8 Dec. 1G23.] 

Jan. 30. L The Governor and Council of Vii-ginia to the Virginia Coni- 

James City. pany. Recount the wars in which they have been engaged with 
the savages ; have cut down their corn, bm-nt their houses, and 
slaughtered many. Have also revenged the treachery of the Pas- 
caticons and their associates, the greatest people in those parts, for 
cutting oiF Capt. Spilman and Mr. Puntis" jiinnace, and murdering 
great numbers of their ancient allies, the Patowmacks. No small 
ditliculty to maintain a war by unwilling people. Were constrained 
i.o desist for want of means to feed the sokliers. No hope of sub- 
verting these barbarous and perfidious Indians but by stratagem, 
neither fair war nor good charter can ever be held with them. There 
have been large additions of buildings more convenient than guest 
houses, wherein great number of new comers may be entertained. The 
mortality, which isim[>uted to the couutiy alone, is chietly caused by 



Vol. III. 

tlie iiestik'nt ships which reach Yirgiiiia vii-tiiallocl with musty hivad 
ami stinking becv, lieretofore so earnestly com|ilaiiir(l of. ^'ow 
conier.s .should bring their own provisions, so as imt to make.' tuo 
sudden a change in their diet. Though the scarcity was great List 
year, none, to their knowledge, perished through ^\ant. A prorla- 
luation ha,s been issued for sowing abundance of corn, and measmrs 
have been taken to provide for the wants of the colony. Will turn 
their attention to staple commodities, iron Avorks, vines, and silk. 
Tlie whole Colony thanks the King for restraining the sole importa- 
tion of toViaooo and for his favour, wiiich enables them to attend to tiie 
strength ami beauty of the cohjiiy, "for what can be expected fiuui 
]iOvcrty '" Arc grati.'ful to the Company for supplies. Robf. linict in 
ids lifetime buastcd that the sale of four butts of wine would clear .a 
voyage ; rotten wines destroy their bodies and empty tlieir jjurses. 
Proceedings for tiie recovery of Mr. Blaney's debts. The Comj)any 
ai-e referred to Mr. Treasurer's letters for accounts of the glasswoi'ks, 
sliipwrights, and composition with the Frenchmen. Will give an 
account of the petitions by Mr. Hart. The unmasking of A'irgiuia 
is referred to a particular unma.sking [of Capt. Butler] by the General 
Assembly. Relate what has been done regarding the Fort under- 
taken by Capt. Each, and how sickness had brought down great 
numbers since their last letters. Have with much earnestness im- 
portuned Capt. Smyth to stay upon the place, who has done as nuieli 
as could lie expt'cted from him. Other things are referred to tlieir 
next letters, which sliall be wiitten after the General Assembly ha.s 
met. [Crfhi''! o>,,.f. r,ul,,rsrJ - |',y the Furtherance." On 25*])ec., 
162.3, Sam. M.)rc writes to Nicholas. News Ims lately come from 
Virginia that the English, upon ,-i treaty with the natives for peace, 
have poi-soned a great many of them, for which the actors are verv 
much blamed. E.vtrad. J^omkstk (■nnr-</K Jm-. I., V<'J CLVI 

Feb. Hi. 2. List of names of the living in Virginia. At Colle^'c Land 

there were 29 persons ; attlie Neck of'd. tl ; A\'cst and'shei-low 
Hundred, 4.j ; Jordan's Journey, 42; I'lourdieu Hundred, (,;;, 
including 11 negroes; West and Sherlow Hundred island, 24; 
Chaplain's Choice, 24; James City, 1 82, including 3 negToes ; in the 
Main, 88 ; James Island, SO, including 1 negro ; "the Neck of Lanrl, 
2.5 ; over the river, 33 ; at the iilantation over against James Cit\', 
77, including 1 negro ; at the Glass House, 5 ; Archer's Hoop, li ; 
Hogg Island, 31 ; Martin's Hundred, 24 ; Warwick Squeak, .-jy^ 
including 4 negroes ; at Indian Thicket, 1 1 ; Elizabeth City, 
319, including 2 nesroes ; Buckrow, 30;' Choice, 20; at the 
Eastern shore, 70. Total 1,275, including 22 negroes. Also list of 
names of the dead in Virginia. Total 370, including 15 " killed " 
and two "lost." [! Si'nt hy Dnrisoii to Ferrar. See a ntr ii. 43 
Xo. 28.] 

Feb. IG ? 3. List of thirteen letters an<l p.aj.ers, including one book received 
from and sent to Virginia. [Seceral may be identified lulth those 
noiv ill the State Paper Oficc] 



Feb. 28. 


4. Gov. Sir Fras. Wj'att, the Council and Assembl)' of Virginia, to 
James City, the Privy Council. Have received divers letters from their Lord- 
ships, with copy of their orders from the Company, and return 
thanks to the King for remitting Sd. in the shilling customs on 
tobacco, and for granting to the colony the sole importation [sic]. 
Nothing will give more life, or a steadier advancement to the 
plantation. The charges of the war have so reduced the people 
that tlii'y are unable to set up staple commodities. The fruits of 
thfir lal)Our are barely sufficient to clothe and feed them. Intreat 
the Privy Council to take into consideration that heavy burden in 
paying for customs above a third of their labours, which they 
desire may be reduced to five in the himdred. Protest against 
the accusation that they have neglected the fortifications, building 
of houses, and providing sustenance for the people. The relation of 
one that came from hence in these, as in other things, is slandei'ous 
and untrue. The King's orders respecting his intention to change 
the government of Virginia, sent over by Mr. Pory, have been pub- 
lished. Are ignorant of the dangers and ruins that might have 
befallen the colony by the continuance of the former government. 
L>o not accuse any that have swayed it since Sir Thos. Smythe ; 
their slavery from that time has been converted into freedom. 
Had not been subject to censure if the bitter effects of the mas- 
sacre had not clouded their zeal. Desire that the Governors sent 
over may not have absolute authority, but be restrained, as hitlierto, 
by the Council, which title they request may be retained, and not 
be converted into the name of Assistants. Inconveniences found by 
the strict limitations of the Governor and Council to instructions fi-om 
England. Short continuance of Governors very disadvantageous to 
the colony. The first year they are raw in exjjerience ; the second, 
begin to understand the affairs of the country ; and the third, pre- 
pare for their return. Beg they may retain the liberty of their 
General Assembly. " Nothing can more conduce to our satisfaction 
or the public utility." Signed by Sir Fras. Wyatt and thirty-one 

Feb. 28. 5. Copy of the preceding. 

March 2. 6. Capt. Jolm Harvey, Jo. Pory, Abraji. Peirsey, and Capt. Sam. 
Mathews to Sir Fran. Wyatt and others of the General Assembly 
of Virginia. Request, for the information of the Privy Council in 
England, their opinion in writing to four propositions concerning 
the present state of the colony. {Certified co^'//.] 

March 2. 7. Reply of the General Assembly of Virginia to the four pro- 
]iositions of the Commissioners. The places in the country most 
fit to be fortified ; how the colony stands with respect to the 
savages ; the hopes that may be conceived of the plantation ; and 
the most direct means to attain them. Signed by Sir Fran. Wj'att, 
Sir Geo. Yeardley, Fran. West, Geoi-ge Sandys, and twenty eight 


8. Certified copy of the preceding. 

colonijVl papers. 


March 2. 

James Citj-. 

March 2. 


March 3. 

James City. 

March 5. 

James City, 

March 12. 


larch 20. 

Vol. III. 

Tlie Commissioners of Virginia to the General AssemViIy. 
As.suroil that they have maturely considered the orders the Com- 
missioners published in the Assembly a week past, send for their 
con.sideration a form which they apprehend very fit to be subscril.ied 
to by the whole Assembly. [CniincrJ copi/.'] Ini'I(>--<i\ 

I. Form of subscription prrsnifnJ to thr A.<s,inhlii Jn/ C<i[it. 
ILirvry, Jo. Pory, Ab,;ih. Pri,.<ry, ,,„,! CJopf. j[,ith.,r^. 

TrstifyiH,lfh<i,,l-f),I,„s. forttn. Khnfsr.irr of thr n.hnn/ 
fin,, ,,f ut,l p,if. ,>fs. ,,,<<t 
Kiin, Jf>nr/, 2. [Crrtirir,/. 
i, I'o/. ///., Xo. ().] 

I Assembly i>f Virginia, to 
thanks to the King for his 
tender care over them, and answered the letters and orders of the 
Privy Council. When their consent to the surrender of the jiatent 
is required, will be the proper time to reply. Conceive tlie King's 
intention to change the (Jovernment has jiroceeded from mi>iiiloiiua- 
tion, which they hope may be altered upon their more faithful 



tn tin' ',:rnrn 

to ocrrjit ( 

f <i itr 

>r rinnin: 1 

rnpy. sr,' „ 

i,l.\ Cu 

niiiiit drrrsi 

Gov. Sir Fras. ^V^ 

•att, th 

e Coimeil an 

the Connnissioners. 


ilready given 


rutc, Coloniol Corre^p., Vot. 111., 

declarations. I Cert i tied i 
No. 6.] 

The Assembly of Virginia to Capt. Harvey and others, the 
Commissioners. Do not conceive that they were authorized by their 
instructions to make the last proposition, and desire to see the 
extent of their authority before the General Assembly is dissolved 
on the following day. [C'''rtlrii''t copy, see anti', C"lntii(il Corrcsp., 
Vol. III., No. 6.] 

The Commissioners to the Governor, Council, and Assembly of 
Virginia. Acknowledge that they had neither connnission nor 
instructions to move them to subscribe that form to the King. Pro- 
pounded it by way of counsel for the good of the plantation. Had 
the Assembly refused to answ-er it, think it would have shown dis- 
content, or been at least uncourteous. The Assembly have no reason 
to search into the extent of the Commissioners' authority. Cannot 
profess that they have no further commission concerning them, for 
what is unperformed touches their persons, servants, corn, cattle, 
arms, houses, &c. [Sen ante, Colonial C'orresp., Vol. III., No. C] 

9. List of So laws and orders concluded at a General Assembl}' 
held at -James City in Virginia, by the Governor, Council, and two 
burgesses elected out of every plantation by the major part of 
voices Feb. 16, 1624'. Signed by Sir Fras. Wyatt, seven of the 
Council, and 27 of the Assembly. [Ccrtipcrl copy.'] 

[Edw. Nicholas to John Nicholas]. Ships arrived this week 
from Virginia and the Somers Islands certify the welfare of the 
people, but in Virginia thej' are still at enmity with the natives. 
[Extract. Domestic C'orrc^ip. Jac. I., Vol. CLX.,No.70, Col. p. lS(i.] 

10. Reasons offered to the Privy Council against Sir Edwin 
Sandys' contract and joint stock for the Virginia and Somers Islands 
tobacco, and against the monopoly of tobacco. 


lG2k ^^^'^-"I- 

[April :^2.] 11. Petition of Capt. John Bargrave to the House of Commons, on 
bflialf of himself, the absent planters in Virginia, and all other 
adventurers that shall adventure then- estates under a government 
Avhere, the Governor being corrupt, the profits of the greatest joint 
stocks may, by practice and factions, be monopolized into a few 
private hands. Against the proceedings of Sir Thos. Smythe late 
Treasurer of the Yu-ginia Company and others practising with him 
for ruling the colony by laws directly contrary to the King's letters 
patent. Prays that Sii- Thos. Smythe may be compelled to refund 
all monies to the Company for which he can show no true account ; 
that the dishonour the plantation hath received may be con- 
sidered ; and Smythe and his associates ordered to give satisfaction 
for their unjust practices. [Copy. On the same day Sir Thos. 
Smythe writes to Sec. Conway, intreating him to attend the Grand 
Committee of Grievances to-moiTow in order to help to stop the 
clamorous tongue of Bargrave, who has petitioned against Smythe 
and others. See DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CLXIIL, No. iS, 
C\d. p. 220] 

ApriL 12. Answer of Sir Thos. Smythe and Robt. Johnson, alderman, to 

the petition of Capt. John Bai-grave, exhibited by way of com- 
plaint to the Commons Committee of Grievances. Concerning 
the tyrannical government imposed upon the people in Virginia by 
Sir Thos. Smythe ; Bargrave's allegations touching his patent of free 
trade for those parts and his intention to make a private planta- 
tion ; tlie monopoly of importing tobacco ; and the charges against 
Alderman Johnson for "indirect dealing." Represent that there is 
an action for oO(V. now pending against Bargrave, who is indebted 
to the Company for that amount for tobacco bought of them, and 
pray that some course may be determined for " easing this their 
grievance which may be any man's case to be so abused if he be 
suti'ered without punishment." [C'opy. On 26 April 1624, a petition 
presented by Mr. Ferrar from the Treasurer, Council, and Company 
of Virginia was read in Parliament, and Wednesday 2Stli, appointed 
to take it into consideration [s"e Commons JouriKil] ; but on that 
day the King wrote to the Speaker of the House of Commons, 
desiring the Commons not to trouble themselves with the petition, 
as it would renew the factions of the Company which were in 
settlement by His Majesty and the Privy Council. [See Domestjc 
Corre.sp. Jac. I., Vol. CLXIIL, No. 71, Cal. p. 227.] Sir Isaac 
"Wake informed Sec. Conway on the following day that the King's 
letter, which was received with universal applause [in the House 
of Commons] had quieted the great schism caused by the A'ir- 
ginians. Savoy Corresp., 1G24, April 29. See oho Xethersole's 
Letter, Mo, J 6.] 

April? 1.3. Memorial of Count de Tillieres, French Ambassador in Eng- 

laml, to [Sec. Conway]. The English hostilities in Canada, parti- 
cularly against the Sieur de Poutriucomi., may prejudice the peace 
and good friendship which exists between the two nations. De- 
scribes the English possessions in America as from Virginia to the 
Gulf of Mexico, an extent of more than 500 leagues, and requests 


1G24. Vol. IIL 

tliat the King of (treat Britain \vl\l pr.iliilut lii.s snlijocts from dis- 
turliing tiie Frendi in their settlements, an. I esinM-ially the Sieur de 
PoLitrinconrt in his ]io.ssessiuns in those pans. [>'opi/. French. 
TilHeres arrived in Englaml ahout Sept. \i.-2o, and was recalled 
ISth June l(i:i4. ,See Fkexcii Currr.-:^).] 

M. Answer to the Memorial of Mon.s. de Tillieres. The \inder- 
takers for the plantation of New England are svuprised that the 
subjects of the King of France should have any douhfc upon, or 
dispute the extent of their patent between -l()"^;md 48 deo-rees 
whirh has been so long recognised by both nations. Tiie discoveries 
by Si'bastian Cabot, the letters patent to Sir Humphrey Gilbert and 
Sir Walter Raleigh, and King Janie.s' charter for the establishment 
of the two colonies in those parts are recited. It is argued that the 
pretensions of the French can oidy date from the discoveries made 
by Jacques de Cartier, and the foundation of a plantation at a place 
called Tadousac, by Sam. Champlain. Sir William Alexander's 
patent is also quoted, and the right of Mons. Poutrincourt to the 
possession or settlement of any of those parts disputed. There is a 
great desire to maintain good correspondence with the French 
King's subjects, and "nous serous joyeux," that a conference should 
be had with Mons. Poutrincourt or his friends, for the better con- 
firmation of a good understanding [i-<nir.-; cirll] fay the future 
French. [Copy.] 

April 27. [Sec. Conway] to Lord President Mandeville. Sends remonstrance 
of the Frencli^ Ambassador, with translation in English for his Lord- 
ship's ease. The King desires him to summon the mei-chants tradintr 
to Newfoundland before the Privy Council, to examine the "rounds 
of conqilaint, and report what will be fitting for His Majesty to 
reply. [Domestic Cor/cs^x Jac. I., Vol. L'LXIU.,No. .59, Cul. p. 22.5.] 

April 2a Lj. Geo. Menefie to John Harrison. Althouuh a stranger to him 

James C'iiy, .^yas well acquainted with his biuther fOiorgeJ whose dt'ath took 
Virginia. place fourteen days after a duel with Kieh. Stephens, in which he 
received a .small cut in the knee only ; the jury at the inquest, after 
a post mortem examination, afiirmed" that he died of natural disease. 
Sends jmrticulars of his will ; an inventory of his estate he shall 
receive by the next ship. Asks for instructions touching his 
brother's estates in Virginia, and the West Indies. Hopes to see 
him in London next year. 

Ajii-il 'M). Chaiid.erlain to Carleton. The King wrote a letter yesterday to 
l.iiiiJc.n. tijy Lo.ver House, to rid them of a thorny business touching Virffinia 
and the Somers Islands. It was like to have bred much faction 
among them, to prevent which, the King has reserved the whole 
cause to his own hearing. Thinks it the best course that could have 
been taken, and no doubt most i)leasing to the major part. [Extract 
DuMEsTic Corre.^p. Jac. I., Vol. CLXIIL, Xo. 74, C'al. p. 227J 
liay (J. Sir Fras. Nether.sole to Carleton. A motion made in the Lower 

Hoiise for hearing the late diff"erenees in the Virginia Company, 
which threaten its ruin, and with much unwillingness a committee 



of the whole House appointed. On Wednes(hiy last, Mr. Ferrar, 
deputy of the Company, Sir Edwin Sandys. Lord Cavendish, and 
Sir John Danver.s, made relation of proceedings ; they " layed the 
o-reat load " upon the Lord Treasurer, charged the Commissioners, 
appointed l>y the King to report upon the cause, with extreme 
partiality, and accused Sir Nath. Rich of being an active ill-instru- 
ment among them. Gondomar and his successors were not spared, 
and declared to have used theii' utmost endeavours to destroy the 
Company and their plantation. At the time when the Com- 
missioners were to examine Sir Edwin Sandys and former Governors 
as to their governments, he was commanded by the Lord Treasurer, 
in the King's name, to go out of town. The King disavowed it, 
and gave Sandys liberty to return. The business appearing very 
foul, many, at first unwilling, were now content to have it ripped up. 
Next day the King forbad the House to proceed any fui-ther ; the 
matter having been specially recommended to his Council, His 
Majesty feared that troubles, to quiet which much pains had already 
been taken, might be stin-ed again by the House meddling with 
them. This was assented to by a general silence, but not without 
soft muttering that any i ther bu.siness might in the same way be 
taken out of the hands oi Parliament. [Extract. Domestic Cor- 
resp. Jac. I., Vol. C'LXIV. Yo. i6. Cal. f. 237.] 
May 24. Nethersole to Carletou. Sir Edwin Sandys has reported upon a 

London. patent for sole trade to Guinea and Binney, obtained by some men, 
who pretend to have found it out, whereas many have been there 
almost fifty years since, and it is condemned as a grievance. [Ext. 
Domestic Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CLXV., Ko. 3i, Cal. p. 254.] 

June 14. [Sec. Conway] to Sir Thos. Merry. The King desires that the 
letters and papers relating to the affixirs of Virginia, in the possession 
of his late cousin, who was employed in that business, may be safely 
preserved, together with any, that he may know of, in the eustod3' 
of others. [Domestic Curresp. Jac. /., Vol. CLXVIL, Xo. 60, 
Cal. p. 274.] 
Jime 24. Order of the Privy Council appointing Lord President Mandeville, 
Greenwich. Lords Paget, Chichester, and others, a Committee to resolve upon 
the well-settling of the colony of Virginia, and to give order for the 
goveinment ; to certify their proceedings to the King, and take 
further directions therein, His Majesty lieing resolved to renew a 
charter, with former privileges and amendment of previous imper- 
fections. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 210.] 

June 2G. Order of the Privy Council for Mr. Ferrar, deputy for the late 
Wliitehiill. Company of Vu-ginia, to bring to the Council chamljer all the jiatents, 
books of accounts, and invoices, concerning the late corporation, and 
the lists of the people in that colony, to be retained by the Keeper 
of the Council chest till further order. [Colonial Entry Bk:, Vol. 
LXXIX., p. 277.] 
June 2(!. 16. Petition of sundry Commissioners and Adventurers of the 
Virginia Company to the Privy Council. Pray that Capt. John 



Vol. IIL 

Bargrave's protection may not be renewed until some course shall 
have been taken for payment of liis bond of 800?., due to them for a 
principal debt of 5001. 

June? Henry Earl of Southamjiton and certain other Lords of the 

Council, appointed a Council for Virginia. [Minnfe. Coloniid 
CV/-res^)., 1609,p. L] 

July? Request [to the Privy Council ?] that as the King is concluding 

a contract with divers persons for all tobacco from the English 
Colonies for his own use, orders may be given to the Governor of 
Virginia not to suffer any trade with the Hullanders who are now 
freighting ships for that purpose, their provisions nut being required 
in that plantation. [Domestic Correnp. Jac. I., Vol. CLXIX. 
Ko. 7, Gal. p. 290.] 
July 2. The King to Solicitor General Heath. The Commons have 

OutUmds. petitioned against the import of foreign tobacco, and the planters and 
adventurers in Virginia and the Somers Islands have also petitioned 
for consideration of the languishing state of those colonies, which 
can only subsist at present by the sale of their tobacco at reasonable 
prices Although well assured that these plantations cannot prosper, 
if they rely upon tobacco only and neglect other things of greater 
consequence, yet he is required, with the advice of Sec. Conway and 
Sir Rich. Weston, to draw up a contract witli the jDlanters and ad- 
venturers of these colonies for all their tobacco to be delivered for the 
King's use, on which His Majesty will declare his pleasure concern- 
ing that of other countries. [DoJiESTic Conysp. Jac. I., V<il. 
CLXIX., Xo. 0, C'al.p. 290.] 

July ? Statement [by Sol. Gen. Heath,] that tlie House of Commons 

having petitioned against the importation of foreign tobacco, not of 
the growth of the King's dominions, His Majesty conceiving it may 
further trade and bring money into this realm, is willing to contract 
with the Governor and Company of Virginia and the Bermudas for 
the import of a sufficient Cj[uantity for England and Ireland. The 
King will prohibit the import of foreign tobacco as requested, and 
the planting of any considerable quantity in England, and will take of 
those colonies 400,000 weight yearly, of two sorts, the better at 151. 
the cwt. the worser at 10?. the cwt. The Companies to be allowed 
to export to foreign countries all imported above that quantity. 
[Domestic Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CLXIX., No. 6, Cal. p: 290.] 

July 3. Sir F. Nethersole to [Carleton]. A Commission of Privy Councillors 

l.ondon. and others appointed to advise on a fit patent for the Viro-inia 
Company, the old one having been overthrown by a quo warranto 
the last day of term. The intended reformation is that there shall 
be a Company for trade but not for government of the country, of 
which latter the King will himself take care. This is to avoid 
the faction that has grown in the Company and the " popularness " 
of the government, also displeasing to the King. Report speaks of 
a great army of 1 00 men to be sent thither to secure the inhabitants 
fi'om the Indians without distracting them from their labours. 
[_E.drad. Domestic Corresp. Jac. /., Vol. CLXIX. Ko. 14 
Cal. p. 291.] 



1 , t , 

tl.r r.., 

Srttlr i 

]r,2L ^;-"^- 

Jul}'. 17. Lord PresiJent Mandeville to Sec. Couway. Sends, for the 

Kiiin's information, a brief of the proceedings of the Commissioners 
for Virginia. All will be at a stand until a proclamation go forth 
tu stay the importation of foreign tobacco ; which if it be not pre- 
vented will throw back the progress of the Colony two or three 
years. It is in contemplation to make restitution to the King for 
any loss there may be in his customs, by raising it out of the 
]jlantatiou tobacco. Incloses, 

17. I. OrJrrsspf <lovu Ufa medliiq of the Commissioners /,»• Vir- 
iliiiio, ihe C>munlssl,,,> l.rin'i x'"l'''1 on the 15 July 1624 
[See ante, -UJanr}. Tn u,.,f ,e,e,J Thnysdoyut SifThos. 
" ■ /,„irsv ; ,/// ,/,,o/. ,s, ireitinijs, and secds of the 
7 til hr I, ft : II rv study of the clerk and used by the 
tinners lit their i .Inisu re. The f resent state of that 
'/' tn hi- considered, at the next meeting. Power to 
It Ht. I to examine 2:>ersons able to give infarmation 
I lid report to he made upon the fittest course to 
the g<irer)nnent, the necessary supjilies, defence 
agninsf the snvages, and the commodities that can be 
raised. Fublieation of the King's commission to be 
made at the Exchange; any going or sending tn Virginia 
tn repair to the Commissioners to receive <li r, ri;,,i,s. as 
they did before from the Company. The Cnnimiffre are 
nr.k tn tale iiit,i en u si drr,din n hn)r the pilantation noiu 
sl,nids,ai,d hnir it did sfn-jnl nf th> Jjri,<ging of thequo 
learranto, and a-liat transactions and grants have been 
made sincethat time, and by whom. The Commissioners 
conceive that there is absolute necessity, for the jrrescrd, 
for maintaining tlie plantcdion hy their tobacco, and that 
the impoHation of foreign tobacco should be restrained. 
The Lord President is desired to request the King tJad 
nn ship lie p' rmitted to go to Virginia until resolution be 
tain II fnr s, I tli ng the government there, lest the re pod ef 
thr dissniiifinii if the former governmerd breed confusion, 
before thr s.ftliin/ of a new. The Commissioners to 
meet even/ iJni/ n ,dil fnrtln-r resolutions are taken for the 
good of the plnidatiJn. 1624, Jidy 16. 

July IS. Order of the Pi-ivy Council to move the King for an allowance 
of l.')0/. to Thomas [John] Pory, employed by tlie Board in Virginia 
"aViout His Majti«^s special affairs" in which service he hath expended 
100/. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 277.] 

July 19. Sec. Conway to Lord President Mandeville. The King approves 

Royston. the proceedings in the Virginia business. The restraint of import of 

tobacco is to be considered ; propounds some difficulties therein. 

[Minute. Conicay's Letter Bk, p. 130.] 

July 10. Sec. Conway to Att. Gen. Coventry. To jnit Mr. Ping in the 

liojston. Commission for Virginia, if he know no cause to the contrary. 
[Minute, Coniray's Letter BL, p. 137.] 


1G24. ^^-- "I- 

July 20. Warrant to pay to John Pory 150?. in discharge of 100?., ex- 

pended by him, and as a reward for his service wiien enijdoyed in 
Virginia about the King's special affairs. [Siijn JilanuoJ, Jac. I., 
Vol. XVI., Xo. .50.] 

July 25. 18. Attorney General Coventry to Sec. Conway. Certifies wliy 
Kensington. [Robt ] Biug was willingly forgotten in the commission for Virginia. 
The bu.siness in hand is weighty and serious, this man somewhat 
light, and to use the Lord Keeper's words, " a mere good fellow, a 
man of no estate, who, for saucy conduct before the Council table, 
and offensive behaviour to Lord Southampton, had been committed 
to the Marshalsea." Prays for speedy directions, that, if these reasons 
be not allowed by the King, he may take a course for adding 
him to the commission himself, having no other end in view but His 
Majesty's service. 

July 2G. Sec. Conway to Lord President Mandeville. The King has been 
Ashby. importuned by the bearer, Capt. Bargrave, for the contuuiance of his 
protection. The Privy Council is to examine what advance Bar- 
grave has made in the payment of his debts, and to renew protection 
for six months if his real |)ui-pose is to order his estate for the p)ay- 
ment of them, with provision that he desist from molesting others by 
suits in the Star Chamber, and especially Sir Thos. Smythe, the 
King being informed that is the only use Bargrave would make of 
his protection. [Domestic Corrcsp. Jac. I., Vol. CLXX., No. 65.] 

July 31. 19. Solicitor Geuei-al Heath l-o Sec. Conway. The Commissioners 
for Virginia conceive that a commission from the King, under the 
Gi'eat Seal, should be sent to some of the principal inhabitants there 
for pi-esent government of the colon}'. Sends a form agreed on 
\;waiitlnij'\ for His Majesty's signature, and desires that a last 
of powder may be sent thither out of the King's store. 

July 81. 20. Sir Thos. Smythe to Sec. Conway. Capt. Bargrave has 
I'liilpot Lane, returned from Court to London, and gives out that his jirotection 
is renewed. The Virginia Company were in hopes that their debt 
of 500/. would have lieen first satisfied, which they intended for 
relief of the colony. Desires the inclosed petition may be shown to 
the King. Anncjvil, 

20. I. Prtiflon of sn,„lni C,„H /„;.«;.', /'/w o„,I JJrndiirers of the 

iii<i. [JhiuUcate of the 
(l,:„,hirr,l under date of 

July 21. Petition of (Utv. Sir Fran. Wyatt, the Council and Assembly 

of Virginia to the King. Have understood that His Majesty, not- 
withstanding the unjust disparagement of the plantation, has taken 
it under his especial care ; inti-eat that credit may not be given to 
the late declarations presented to His Majesty concerning the happy 
but indeed miserable estate of the colony during the first twelve 
years [of Sir Thos. Smythe's government] nor to the malicious im- 


V, ro,„p.> 

mi III 

fhi^ K 


1 t,' the Pr 

'"'■:j <■'"" 

nril r, 


:,' 1G2-I., «// 

li; p. <J2 



Vol. III. 

l)utatiou.s -wLicli have been laid upon the late government. Inckise 
the true state of both, and earnestly request that the present 
government may be continued. Pray that the King's tender com- 
passion will not allow them to fall into the hands of Sir Thos. 
Smythe or his confidents. Being disabled through the late 
massacre, continued war, and mean price of tobacco, from setting up 
staple commodities, extirpating the savages, and much less fortifying 
against foreign enemies, they solicit the effect of His Ma,iesty's in- 
tention for the colony and the Somei-s Islands to have the sole 
importation of tobacco, not as an end to affect that contemptible 
weed, but as a present means to set up staple commodities ; and 
that they may have a voice in the disposal of the soldiers they have 
been put in hopes will be sent over. Signed by Sir Fran. Wyatt, 
Capt. Fran. West, Sir Geo. Yeardley, and twenty-six others. 

21. I. "Brief declaration of tlie plantation of Virginia cluring 
the first twelve years, ivhen Sir Titos. Smythe was Governor 
of the Company, and cloiun to this present time by the 
ancient pilanters noiu remaining alive in the colony." 
Read in General Assembly and fully approved. The heads 
of this j.„i>rr, cnasidi„g ,f rlghUrn /«//Ax, rn„ y he ab- 

Strnrt,,] „.fnlln,rs:-R,„sn.,sihnt ,r,,: ^,nl]]s],,,l U'hyU 

plant. ifiu,, sl,u„hl hr s.fllr,/ ;„ Virgnna [n, 1006]; ex- 
trrnir „■,,„/. ,,/ f/.r first ^,1, , ,>t, ,f i , ,j> of 100 pcrsuns. The 
first s„,.j,t,, srnt ,,t„,nt i,;„r u„,,dhs after in the John 
ami ,ii,d thr Pho,u.r, irHh 120 persons, found 
nut uiorr tlm „ K) i ,,],<ih;f,i „ts, and of those only ten ablc- 
hniHiil ninr W/icllij < nijJiiyed in cutting down trees for 
'/iKisfs, and diggiin/ fir gi,til. Some few houses built, and 
fair ar,ys if groii lid i-lrarrd for the whole Colony. The 
si'i'iiiiil su^iiitii snit ill the Mary Margaret, with 60 
prrs,a,s, ,,11, still i/riitliiiirn and same 'Palrs, arrived 

ahnvt niia: nuaiths aftrr. Mirhart mas [KiOS]. /;, fes 
than tvo riianfhs, ira at rumpi llrd th, m to trade with the 

Iiallaasfor rnrn. Ca I if. Samuel Argoll then came in a 
shiaU tianjiir. tint irilli ii i ithe r men nor pivvisions. The 
folia, i-iag imnit], thr Ihir.l supply arrived, called Sir Tho.9. 

'Gates' fierf. ,.f s. n a s/ii/is aad arar 500 /irrsaas ; but 
there werr s,', f, n- l,,,as, s that th.sru'm qua rtrml i „ an 
open field. fhr mtiniii^ a-as thni ,liral,,l i iifu three 
parfirs: thr ].4, under Capt. Fraa. Wist, U, s,at at the 
hrad ufthe river; the 2nd, undrr ('apt. Juha Smith, then 
Preside, if, at .J antes Town ; and thr third, under Capt 
John Ma,'fl„. in Xansaiiiii,id River. The Indians 
soonforcrd thi,n alt In i-itii'i. a nd famine compAled them 
to devour hugs, dugs, a, id horsrs, or ichat they could light 
upon. On 20 Mai/ [1610] Sir Thos. Gates and Sir Geo. 
Somers happii,] a,', iced in tivo smedl barques built in the 
Sowers Isbrnds, after the ,Sea Adveidu ,-e ^vas wreeird. 



Vol. III. 

and v:ltli them 100 jxfsoiis barely prodded. Their num- 
ber at that time coiifiided vf 60 persejas. They soon 
resolved to leave the colony, hoping never to return, and 
had all embarked in two pinnaces when they met with 
Lord De la War r, who had brought three good .s7//^;x, f!,J0 
persons, and some store of provisions. ]Vith',i, a f, m 
months iiot less than 150 died of calenture and f ucr. 
Two srnaU forts v.rre erected at Kiccowtan. Attheend of 
Ocfiiber, Lord De la Warr sent orders to Cctpts. Yeardley 
aud Helen ft to abandon the forts, go to James Town, and 
soon after Capts. Ed. Bretvster and Yeardlri/, n-ilh ]'■>{) j ar- 
sons, marched tovKtrds the Tnouiitainf fn' disfdcery if 
gold ; but this design ivcts hindered thru' the chiefs being 
slain by the savages. Then came the Dainty with 12 
inen and one tuonian. About three months after. Lord 
Dela Warr, "his disease of body grnn-iiig uiurh upon. 
him," quitted Virginia, leaving i/iijit. (jm. I'viy;/, Dejmfi/ 
Governor. At his depaiiure 'thr iil.i ntntim,^ L'Id. nwre 

Janir..Tnr„ n, id Point C<n„furt,iind, „. f<ni n iifht afirr, 
the Jfrrra/r. la.oln/ ;]() j,r.,,',/r an. I iiron.ions^ On 12 
Mayf,nnn:ing [Kill J arrival ,Sir Th„... Dale, with three 
shijys, 300 2^^^'^ons, and 2''''ovisions "for the most part, 
such as hogs refused to eat." He immediately published^ 
most tyrannous and cruel laivs sent over by Sir Thos. 
Smythe. Sir Thos. Gtdes three shi2->s, " three curvills," and 
300 p)ersons, meanly provided zvith victuals, came .soon 
afterwards. The following Mich^irlma^, Sir Thos. Dale, 
with 300 2^ersons, began iu hnihl Hm ri<;, Tnn-n ; his 
whole com2Mny endural the mnst ijinmri/ind ry sufcr- 
ings. The colony continued in cirrnn' mis, ry and 
slavery for five years. Fortificatiims, bnddings, ami 
other im2yrovements in the time cf Sirs Thos. J)iib> and. 
Gales (the peo2>le not ollnn-i'd, to en^jloy themselves in 
Inisbandry) ; tlic xA//^ //,,;; sent over were the John 
and Francis and the Sundt, with few men and less 
victuals; the Treasurer, n-ilh Ctpt. Sam. Argoll and 
50 men ; and the ElizaJjdh n-ith 1 -"i persons, in tohicli Sir 
Thos. Gates vjent for England, leaving the government 
with Sir Thos. Dale. Soon after they were seated at 
Charles Town, ^jeace was concluded luith the savages. 
Wayit and scarcity then caused an intended mutiny, but 
it was discovered and six were executed. After this the 
John and Francis came, with 20 2^6rsons ; the Treasurer, 
vjilh -20 persons, in ndiirh ship Sir Thos. Dale quitted 
Virginia, Irari ng l/o' gov,- r n mcnt to Ca2}t. Geo. Yeardley, 
undir n-lmni t/ir r, Jon ,/ I i r,'d_ in 2}eace and plenty. The 
follon-ing Mir/no Inios. //,, Snsan landed the first maga- 
zine eonsisting of lo-ressory clothing. At Christinas 
the Gorernor and o ronijuiny if 8-t men marched, against 
the Indians, revenged themselves upnjn them, and con- 



Vol. IIL 

chiJe,! ,r Iraqnf vh'irh hisie,! nivUAaUe almost two yoars. 
Ik ihr M,',rrh foJln>r-u></ those v:ho had serird three 
yrors ,l,u,<n,.lr,l ihrle I,. in/ <leslre,] freed, nn, to 'lehleh the 
\;uv, r„nr assnilid. lit M,,,/, r<i /.t'. Sam. Argoll arrived, 
v'lfh loi) ju rsi,i,s. Th,- iir.rl ship, the Geovge, came s^* 
'ii,,'ii„l,i i.rur'id.rd til, il. had iiuf Itie men heen relieved hy 

the ,,ld' jiloiifrrs, thr,, i„„sf h<nr storred. TheNeidaiie 
and thr Tnosiir.r <irr;r,d i„ Aa<i,isl fnlliari „,,^ srt uid 
<d the eh,iiye of Lunl J >e In ]V,ir'r, -irh'irh l,r,un/ht a -//.s- 
easethr,, iirnrlon.,r,i Lrf,,n; rolird the litnndi, flii.r. 
Then mine ihr 11';//;,/,,, „,),/ Thunnis, ,, nd thr (Jiff ill 
Jaiiioiri/. foil, nerd b,/ the EJuimir in April, in ichieh 
Capt. Aripill shipped himself fnr Emjland. Miseries and 
calamities mere endured dnrlm/fhr ndmle tn-elee years ; 
few v'orhs of importanee vere peifurmed, and all mens 
letters vere c.ea m i ned, that the true state of the colony 
mii/ht not he derfnrrd. Xo man ^cas •permitted to go 
liiniir. Iinl ims /,,/,/ ;,, //,(' i;ij(iny hy force. One m.un 
reeei erd the Ki infs puss rlnsrl ij nrnde up in o, garter, lest 
it sliundd hnve l.'en sri:,d. .Sir Tims. Dale, ut his arrived, 
2mlled Cnpt. y^n'jiurf's h.nrd,,ind th rente nrd f„ ha ng 
him, for nlfirinina Sir Thus. ,S',„ ,///„',. rrlntinii fa lie true. 
70,0d0;. v'as ndr'nnrrd .luring Sniythe's 1:2 ,/,'„ ,',.' ,/„,•,,,■;( - 

inent, at the end of tuhiclu time, in- April l(il9, Sir Geo. 
Yeardley arrived Governor. State in tvhich he found 
the colony, his commissions and instructions from the 
Company, and jyroceedings. All who arrived before the 
departure of Sir Thos. Dcde were m.ade free ; the cruel 
lavs hy I'-Jiirh they had been governed were abrogated, 
lihirly n-nsijiren In nil to choose cmd pilcint their divi- 
dends (f In ml : a General Assembly ivas established, and 
ordered to he helel yearly, to consist of the Governor, 
Council, and two Burgesses from each plaid.dion, 
freely to he elected by the inhabitards. In three years 
'the eonnfni vns in n llnnrishln,/ mini if ion, vdinh is 
drsrrihi'd. ^ In Oetnhcr ' ]{]-2] . Si r Frnn. li,/,/// nrrived 
(nnurnnr, trim cnnrirmed ihcni in nil their pririlei/es. 
Then mine //„' nmssucee In/ the I ml in ns, on 22 Murch 
~\i)-2-2, "thnt nlinnsfdrfn-ed the bmnli/nffhe wholc colony," 
and jirrrrnle.l the m'nUnunnee nf "fhnse e.reellent works 
■vln-rein fh, i/ hnd mndr so fiir a hr./i n n i mp'- n ml after 
thnt the fnininr ihr fillnuing yen r. The enhnry hns been 
rerrmin'l np,.n Ihe snnups. n ml in fimr it is hoped they 
vill /„ drivrn fmin thnsr The jrrsent state of the 
mlmii/ is l.fl /,, //,,' repnrt nf ihe Coinin issioners noiV SCUt 
overiiy ihe'Trivy Council. ' 

July ? 22. Pieasuus alleged on behalf of the King's Farnieis of tlie custom 

and impost upon tobacco. Arguments in i'avour of a reduction of 
the duties. Capt. Downtou's tobacco was G.OUO weight, the impost 


I'liilpot Line. 

August 9. 

1G2L ^'"■■^"- 

ami custom more tlian 2,0(»0/., the comjiositiou .500?., which he 
is not provided to \)ay. Pray tliat duties ma}' be imposed propor- 
tionable to the value and (piality of tlia.t drug, and for reilress of 
several grievances. 

July ? 2."3. Brief answer to the propcsitions touching tobacco lately de- 

liNured by the King's Farmers of Customs, showing a profit of 
93,o.")0?. to the Crown on tlie importation of 300,000 llys. of tobacco 
from Virginia, 100,000 lbs. from the Somers Islands, and .■)0,000 lbs. 
from Spain, or elsewhere. 

Lugust '2. Sol. Gen. Heath to Duke of Buckingham. Takes the opportunity 
of Mr. Pory coming to Court about the Virginia business, and Lord 
Warwick being there, to intreat his assistance in settling tlie contract 
for the Virginia tobacco, a work both honourable and profitalile, if 
well managed. Has inclo.sed particular instructions, in a letter to 
Sir Geo. Goring, at a fit opportunity to debate with Buckingham. 
Knows Goring to be discreet, and that they will be safe in his hands. 
[Domestic Corrcsp. Jac. I., ViA. C'LXXI., Xo. 7, Cul. p. 320.] 

21^. Sir Thos. Smvtho to Lord President Mandeville. Bequests 
he will be a means Uy iiinder, or at least defer, Capt. Bargrave's 
protection, a? he hopes to procure a countermand from the King. 

2.5. Robt. Earl of Warwick to Sec. Conway. Has sent Mr. Pory 
with the commi-ssion [for Virginia] to desire him to put out Mr. Potts' 
name, who was tlie poisoner of the savages there, and therefore 
unfit to be employed by the State in any busines.s. Prays him 
to remind the King to write to Mr. Attorney to put Kobt. Bing in 
tlie Virginia commission, according to His Majesty's promise. 

August 13. Sec. Conway to Attorney Gen. Coventry. To confer with the 
Earl of Warwick and Sir Thos. Smythc about putting [Robt.] Bing 
into the commission for Virginia, and to do therein wdiat shall be 
most advantageous to the service. \_Mi)iute. Conway's Letter Bk.'\ 

August 13. Sec. Conway to Sol. Gen. Heath. Returns to him, signed, the 

Notiingham. commission for a Council in Virginia [with Mr. Potts' name put out ; 

see Conway's Letter Bk., p. lifi.] Jlr. Pory has spared no attendance 

nor diligence in the matter. [Domestic Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. 

CLXXL, Xo. 47.] 

August IG. 26. Power of attorney from John Han-ison, of London, to James 
Carter, master of tlie Anne, to dispose of the unexpired time of 
servitude of seven servants sent over by him to Virginia, and of che 
effects of his only brother George, deceased. [Draft] 

August 16. 27. Copy of the above. 

Sept. 1.5. Licence to Sir Francis Wyatt, Governor of Virginia, to return 
to England for his own private business, on the decease of his father. 
Power to Sir George Yeardley to be Governor in his stead, and on 
his death John Harve}^, or failing him, anyone of the Council there, 
chosen by the majority. [Docquct. DOMESTIC Jac. I.] 


Vol. III. 


Sept. 28. The Privy Council to the Governor of Virginia. John Puntis, 
Whitehall. Vice-Admiral of Virginia, lately deceased in England, having made 
Sir Tliomas Merry his executor, and a great part of tlie estate re- 
maining in Virginia, he is directed to cause an exact account to be 
taken of Puntis' property, to be sealed and sent over to Merry. 
[Colouial Entry Bk, Vol. LXXIX., 2). 277.] 

Sept. 30. Warrant to Lord Carew, Master of the Ordnance, to deliver 20 
Whitehall, barrels of powder to Sir Thomas Smythe for the use of the Somers 

Islands, to be paid for at the rate of \0d. per lb. [Colonial Entry 

BL, Vol. LXXIX., 'p. 278.] 

Oct. 22. Warrant to Lord Carew, Master of tlie Ordnance, to deliver 

Whitehall, to the Virginia Commissioners, one last of powder for the better 

defence and security of that plantation. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 

LXXIX.. j>. 278.] 

Oct. ? Capt. Jolm Bargrave to . His estate has l)eeu ruined in 

imdertaking "this noble and glorious work of Virginia." Has 
remodelled his project, formerly delivered by the King to the Earl 
of Warwick, for settling that government and i-e-delivered it to His 
Majesty. Is svu-e it is the only safe and profitable way to plant 
Virginia, without which all the men and money spent in that 
business will be lost. Has dedicated himself to die in seeing 
it effected. By " yor honor's " furtherance the government may be 
settled within a fortnight. [Extract, Domestic Corresp. Jac. /., Vol. 
CLXXIIL, Xo. 120, Cat. x>. 366.] 

Nov. 16. 28. Sirs Thos. Smythe, Ferd. Gorges, John Wolstenholme, and Sam. 
Argoll, Thos. Gibbs, Sam. Wrote, and John Pory, the Council for 
Virginia, to Earl of Warwick. Mons. Beaumont having moved the 
Commissioners to be speedily dispatclied [to Virginia] because of the 
"great charge he lyes at with his men," they pray, on his behalf for 
a grant of free denization of England, as otliers, undertakers, have 
formerly had. 

Nov. 18. [Sec. Conway] to Sol. Gen. Heath. At the earnest suit of 
the Council of Virginia, the King desires he will prepare a grant of 
denization for Mons. Beaumont now bound thither, with special 
proviso not to pay more customs and subsidies than a natural born 
subject. [Domestic Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CLXIV, Xo. 85, Cal.j). 381.] 

Nov. 28. 29. The King to the Commissioners and Company of Virginia. Re- 
commends James Stuart for some fit employment, on account of the 
zeal and good afiection which he hath shown for the advancement of 
the plantation in Virginia. 

Dec. 2. 30. Gov. Sir Francis Wyatt and Council of Virginia to Henry Earl 

James City, of Southampton and the Council autl Company of Virginia. Have 
received letters from the Privy Council of 19 Dec. 1623 in behalf of 
Capt. John Martin, which, by divers reports, he has little deserved. 
Widow Smaley when she arrives from New England shall find all 
lawful favour. God has given them a great victory over Otiotan and 


1624. ^^«^-I"- 

the Paimmkeys, with their confederates, numbering 800 bowmen. 
The fighting la.sted two days ; many of the Indians slain but 
only sixteen of the English hurt, and as much corn cut down 
a.s would have sustained 400 men for a twelvemonth. Earnestly 
desire a supply of powder. The colony very well as to health this 
summer ; the mortality of former years not to be attributed to the 
climate. A plentiful harvest of corn, and the industrious well stored 
with provision "so that (excepting the number of men) the colony 
hath worn out the scars of the massacre." 

Dec. 13. 31. The Commissioners for Virginia to the King. Keasons against 
I,ondou. granting the petition of divers who call themselves merchants trading 
for Spain but are really retailers of tobacco, praying for the importa- 
tion of Spanish tobacco. The King's late proclamation against tiie 
importation of foreign tobacco has put a new life into the plantations 
of Virgirua and the Somers Lsland.s. Signed by Attorney General 
Heath, Sir Ferd. Gorges, and twelve others. 

Dec. 31. Grant to Giles Beaumont, Frenchman, of denization, for England 

and Virginia, on his offer to take a number of men there and plant 
them at his own cliarge, with a special privilege not to pay any 
more customs or subsidies than tlie King's born subjects ; also con- 
firming to him such lands and liberties in Virginia as by the Com- 
missioners for that plantation shall be thought fit. [Docquet. 
Domestic Jac. /.] 
1624? 32. Considerations touching the new contract of toliacco, as the same 

hath been propounded by Mr. Dichfield and the other undertakers ; 
with reasons against tbis contract. [On IS Oct. 1624 a warrant was 
issued to prepare a bill for Edw. Dichfield and five other.s, on recom- 
mendation of the Virginia Commissioners, appointing them oflicers 
for searching and sealing tobacco. See Domestic Curresp. Jac. I., 
Vol. CLXXIIL, Xo. 55, Cul p. 356.] 


Jan. 7. S3. Solicitor General Heath's motion for the release of the Eliza- 

beth of London, Richard Page master, bound to Virginia. Sent with 
passengers and a last of powder, the King's gift, about ten weeks 
ago, but broke her masts by foul weather and is now at Dover ready 
to sail, but stayed by command [for transportation of the soldiers]. 
[Endorsement by Xlcltolas.] 

Jan. 10. 34. Gov. Sir Francis Wyatt and Council of Virginia to the Earl of 

James City. Southampton and Cotmcil and Company of Virginia. Edmund Tuchin, 
who had a commission to make a voyage thither in the Due Return, 
instituted, before his dece;ise, his brother Simon master. Upon in- 
formation that he was strongly affected to popery and banished out 
of Ireland, they conceived him, after examination, to be dangerous 
to the colony, in case he should become a pilot to the foreign enemy. 
Have therefore sent him home for their graver judgments. [In May 
1625 Simon Tuchin was examined by the clerks of the Privy 
Council who reported that lie was not free from suspicion of having 
intended to put himself or his ship into the hands of the Spaniards 
in the West Indies ; and on 4th June following he petitions the Privy 







Feb. 4.. 

Janii's City. 

Feb. 23. 

April f), 

C'ciimcil for rcloase from imprisonment, and declares that he diil not 
tal-.f suiiiiiIiiiL;.s of tlie rivers and harbours of Virginia as asserted by 
the \'ii-iiii.i Ciimpany. [See Domestic Corresp. C(ir. I., Vol. II., 
Ao. 1 ■2-2, ( 'ul. jK 32, and Vol. Ill, ^'o. 32, Cul p. 38.] 

35. Musters of the inlialiitants of the college land in Virginia ; of 
the neck of land in the eorporatinii of Charles City ; West and Shirley 
Hundred; Jordan's Journey ; Chaplain's Choice and the Truelove's 
Company ; Peir.sey's Hundred ; Pasbehaighs and the ISIaine belong- 
ing to the corporation of James City ; James City and Island ; of a 
neck of land near James City ; Hog Island ; Martin's Hundred ; 
Mulberry Island ; Wariscoyack ; Bass's choice ; Newpoi-t News ; 
Elizabeth City ; and of the Eastern shore over the Bay ; taken 
between the 20th Jan. and 7th Feb. together with the names of the 
ships in which the people arrived in the colony, and a list of the 
]irovisions brought by each ; also a list of the dead in the several 
plantations. 116pa^cs. 

36. Gov. Sir Francis Wyatt and Council of Virginia to Earl of 
Southampton and Council and Comjiany of Virginia. Send, as 
commanded, particulars of their proceeding and orders upon the com- 
plaints of Capt. Martin against Sir Geo. Yeardley, as also concerning 
the cattle in question between him and Capt. Bargrave. Cannot but 
praise the Company's charity in forgiving the many foul injuries and 
slanders, some ]>artienlnrs (\i which they inclose, and of which Capt. 
Martin has boasti'd. (.'(unplain that their government has been 
shaken and weakened by rumours spread at the coming in of the 
Commissioners, which are now revived by Cajjt. Martin. Inclose, 
36. I. Ansiver of Sir Georr/e Yeardley, defendant, to the demand 
of Capt. John Martin, complainant ; whereby he requircfk 
recompense for wrongs done him, touch imj the rirjlit to 
certain cattle in Virginia, left in the custody of Licid. 
Edm. Saunders. 
36. II. Orders of the Council of Virginia upon the demands of 

Capt. Martin, 1624., 27 Dec' 
36. III. Warrant by the Council for liet 
custody of the 17 head of cattle h[ 
Martin, which remain in, contro 
Bargrave. 1621, May 3. 
36. IV. Examincdion of witnesses concerning the demand of 
Capt. Martin. [Certified copy.] 

The Privy Council to the Virginia Commissioners. To report 
upon a petition of Lewis Hughs, minister of God's word, who 
complains against the Company of the Somers Islands for detaining 
a great part of his salary, due for several years ministry in those 
Islands. [Colonial Entry Bl:, Vol. LXXIX., p. 278.] 

Proclamation forbidding any one to import, bu}', sell, or use any 
toliacco which is not of the growth of Virginia or the Somers 
Islands. [Proclamations, Car. I, Xo. 6.] 

Smi iiilcrs to have the 
' ;i I'n-iji nia hy Capt. 
^y 1)1 tirrcrt him and 


T^n- Vol. IIL 


April 14. Propositions [in the handwriting of Sir Jnhn Cokf] tor incorpo- 

rating a com))any for defence and protection of tlie West Imlies, 
and estalilishing a trade there ; and for fitting out a fleet to attack 
tlie Siianisli .settlements. [DOMESTIC Corresjh Car. I., Vol. I., 
Ko. 5!», Cal.^Kd.] 

April ? 37. Mem. [liy Attorney Clcn. Heath] on the advantages derivotl liy 

the Spaniards "and Dutch from the West Indie.s, showing tliat it is 
neither safe nor profitable for them to Le absolute lords of those 
parts, and suggesting, if the King entertain "this sidject," that His 
Majesty must openly interimse, or ]!ennit it t" be done underhand, 
and if it pmsper make it ids own at pleasure ; witli reascus. 

April 22. 38. Tlie Privy Council to Src. Conway and Lord Carcw, Master of 

Whitehall, the Ordnance. To take into consideration wliat forts and jilaces of 

strength are to be erected and maiutaiued in N'iiginia, and to give 

an estimate of the present charge and the annual cost to maintain 


April 29. 39. Sec. Conway to Sir Thos. Smythe. The Committee for the 
Virginia business having referred to Sec. Conway and Lord Carew 
the consideration of the .state of that plantation, he is requested to 
send the names of such persons as may be of use to them in their 
proceedings, as the maps, relations, and papei's wliich nuiy be 
with him. [Dmft.] 

April 29. Minute of tlie above. [Coivvni/'--^ Ldbr Bl'., p. 211.] 

April ? 40. Answer of the Virginia Company to the Privy Council ; on the 

two propositions presented to them, as to the best form of goverinnent 
to lie estalilished for the atiairs of Virginia ; and an offer for such a 
contract touching tobacco with the King, as might both uphold his 
former revenue and not be grievous to the plantations. In this 
interesting paper of 29 pages, the wdiole history of the jilanta- 
tion of Virginia from the year 1G06 is past in review, and it 
is argued that the new patent should contain the same privileges 
and liberties as the old charter ; the customs upon all commodities 
but tobacco be remitted ; a nullity of the proceedings of the late 
Commissioners, " so extremely distasteful both to the adventurers 
and planters" be declared ; and the patent confirmed by Act of 
Parliament. Etulorscil, "The discourse of the olil Company of 

May 13. Proclamation for settling the plantatioxi of Virginia. James 1st, 
WhUehall. having judicially repealecl the Letters Patent of incorporation to 
the Company of Virginia, and undertaken the government, the King 
declares that the territories of Virginia, the Somers Islands, and New 
England shall form part of his empire and the government, of 
Virginia immediately depend upon himself. That Councils shall be 
established for the immediate care of the affairs of that colony, one 
in England, the other .subordinate and resident in Virginia. That 
all public olficers and ministers shall be maintained at the King's 




cliarpe ; all toliacco be taken by the King, and that strict obser- 
vance of the proclamation of 9 April 1625, touchino; tobacco, be 
enforced. [F rovUniadlvn, Car. I., Xo. 10.] 
May 13. Minute of the aliove. [Sec Colon'ml Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9, under 

(late af 12 .May.] 
June 15. 41. Governor Sir Francis \V_vatt and Council of Virginia to [the 
James City. Privy Council]. Have taken an inventory of Mi\ Puutis' estate, but his 
debts exceed ten times the value of it. Request that Sir Thos. 
Merry's suit against John Hart for the |)ayment of 200?. may not 
be allowed to proceed. Have been forced to suspend Capt. John 
Martin from the commission for Virginia to which he was lately 
appointed by the King. Justify the punishment which was in- 
flicted upon Edward Sharpies, a clerk in the Sec. Office, who, con- 
trary to his oath and dutj', "delivered our papers committed to 
his charge, vvliich greatty concerned us." Desperate state of the 
colony " by the late pernicious contract." The eflects begin to 
disclose themselves in their scant and miserable supplies. Signed 
by Sir Francis Wyatt, Sir Geo. Yeardley, Capt. Francis West, and 
six others. 

June 1 5 ? 42. Petition of Gov. Sir Francis Wyatt, the Council and Assembly 
of Virginia, to the King. Recite their petition sent over by John 
Puntis the year previous [see ante, f. 65, Xo. 21], which, by reason 
of Puntis' death they fear, together with their relations, was never 
presented, because the persons so justly complained of are joined in 
commission for governing the affairs of the colony. Are afraid that 
the same tyranny will be exercised upon their persons which the 
" pernicious contract " has already executed upon their fortunes. 
The supplies this year are so scanty and the state of the colony so 
desperate that great numbers of planters had resolved to leave for 
England, expressly to petition for redress and protection. But lest 
the clamours of so many should be troublesome they have unani- 
mously made choice of Sir Geo. Yeardley, who has again been 
nominated by His Majesty to succession in the government, to prefer 
their petition and represent their grievances. Pray that he may 
have a gracious hearing, and that the examination of their cause may 
be referred to Will. Lord Paget, Sir Rich. Weston, Sir Humph. May, 
and Sir Robt. Killigrew, Commissioners for the affsxirs of Virginia, 
to report thereon. Signed by Sir Eras. "V^'yatt, Capt. Fras. West, 
George Sandys, and 29 others. [Kot having the signature of Sir 
Geo. Yea rcllet/ this petition v:as pyrohahly tal-en to England and 
presented by him. On 1 Sept. 1625, Sec. Conway writes to the 
Turkey Company to express, in the King's name, the sense he has of 
tlie equity and humanity with which Sir Francis Wyatt, Governor 
of Virginia, " or some other principal person returning ft-om thence " 
was treated l)y the Turks. See Domestic Car. I., Addenda.] 

•July 1. 43. Geo. Menefie to John Harrison. Account of the surrender of the 

Kiocowtan. estate of his late brother, Geo. Harrison, to Mr. Cai-ter, according to 
his authority. Endorsed, " By the Ann, whom God conduct." 



Vol. IIL 

July? Note of things desired from Guinea, for Mdiioh letters are to be 

wTitten to the merchants of the Guinea Company and the Gold 
Coast, Humph. Slane3', Capt. Crispe, and [Wil.] Cloherry, and John 
Wood, Cape merchant. They include an elephant's head with the 
teeth very large ; a river horse's head ; strange sorts of fowls ; birds 
and fishes' skins ; great flying and sucking lishes ; all sorts of 
serpents, dried fruits, shining stones, &c. [On .31 July, John 
Tradescant writes to Nicholas that it is the Duke of J'.uckiii-hiiin's 
pleasure that Nicholas should deal with all merch:iiits tium all 
places, but especially from Virginia, Bermudas, N ■« liiUiidi:uul, 
Guinea, Binney, the Amazon, East Indies, tVc, for all manner of 
rare beasts, fowls and birds, shells and stonos, &c. Dd.MESTio 
C'orresp. Car. I., Vol. IV, Xos. 155, 15fi, Caip- 77.] 

Aug. 8. .Mayor of Poole to the Privy (Council. Unless measures are taki:'n, 

Poole. the Newfoundland tleet of 250 sail, having on boanl f mr <<i- five 
thousand men of the western parts, will be surprised by the Turkish 
pirates. [Domestic CorrcHp. Car. I., Vol. V., No. 24, C<il. p. M. On 
12 Aug., the Mayor of Plymouth writes that there are general fears 
for the ships fi-om Virginia and Newfoundland. Twenty-seven 
ships and 200 persons had been taken by Turkish pirates in ten 
days. Other letters on this subject ivill he found in Domestic Cor- 
resp. Car. I., 1625, 1626.] 

Sept. 1.3. -tl-. Commission, reciting the discovery of St. Christopher, als 
Soiithamiiton. Merwar's Hope, Nevis, Barbadoes, and Montserrat, by Thos. Warner 
who, set forth and supplied by Ralph llerrifeld, liatli also began a 
plantation and colony of those islands, until then inhabited only by 
. . savages, and not under the government of any Ciiristian prince 

or state ; taking the said islands and inhabitants under the 
royal protection, and granting Thos. Warner the custody as the 
King's lieutenant, with full power to make orders, articles, and 
ordinances, to trade freely for all manner of commodities, and to 
send over people to strengthen the plantation. In the event of 
Thos. Warner's decease, John Jeaffreson, if he be still living, is 
appointed lieutenant ; and when the oftice becomes void by death, 
the English subjects, resident there, are empowered to elect a new 
lieutenant. [C'opij.'] 

Sept. 1.3. 45. Another copy of the preceding. 


Sept. 1.3. Minute of the above. [(^oJonial Currcsp., 1G07, Jan. 9.] 

Oct. 4. 46. Petitii:iu of Sir George Veardley to the King. At his coming 

from Virginia, the country was in great distress for want of necessary 
supplies, and the whole colonj', utterly disheartened at the late 
pretended contract, re(|uired him to crave His Majesty's assistance. 
Prays that he may be commanded to attend the Privy Council, to 
declare the true state of the colony, that orders maybe taken for it's 
present and future subsistence. 


,,..,. Yui.. III. 

C)ct. ? 47. J'ivrrs li.'ails. ^vlicrriii tlic Privy Council are to !"_■ iiidved [l^y 

Sir lien. Yranjlcyj coiiceniiiig Virginia. Present su}i]ily and rrliuf 
of tlie colony witli munition, apparel, tools, and other provisions. 
A new patent, securing tlie estates of the inhabitants, confirmed by 
Parliament. None of those complained against, nor any factious 
persons, to have hand in the government. No contracts to be forced 
upon the people, who should have liberty to make the best of their 
Libour. The importation of tobacco, except from V^irginia and the 
Somers Islands, to be jirohibited, mi til some staple commodities are 
brought to perfection. Great numbers of people to be sent over, and 
those of worth encouraged to go. Liberty of General Assemblies to 
be confirmed, and the people to have voice in the election of 
officers. Staple commodities to be free of custom for a certain time, 
and trade IVcf in all things. Defence and discovery of the country 
at the i>ii1ilic .■]i:irgr. Until a charter can be drawn, the old planters 
to be enc-niniigoil, hj' the King, to remain in the colon}'. Declarations 
brought over [by Yeardley] will further exhibit the mind of the 
colony. Suggests that the Governor be encouraged to stay. Very 
great unity prevails. The peoi)le, disheartened at Sir Thos. 
Smythe being in the new commission, and justly fearing to fall into 
former miseries, resolve to seek the farthest j^art of the world rather 
than endure it. Importance of tiie work, and advantage to the 
King's dominions. The first supply should be sent away with all 
speed, to prevent the peoj>le perishing either by the savages, or the 
severity of the winter; the supply of soldiers shnuld arrive in 
Virginia before the end of March. 

Oct. 19. 4S. Mayor and Aldermen of Southampton to the Privy Council. 
Southamptou. Their Lorilships letters for setting forth a vessel of great burden for 
relief of Virginia have been received. Are informed that a ship of 
120 tons, Ca))t. Whitaker, with Grindalj, and one Coe, master, is now 
setting forth from London for that colony, and that Abrah. Jennens 
is doing the like at Plymouth, besides another undertaken by 
Mr. Pescod and company'. Ti'ay that they may be spared, or 
receive jointly in adventure with Mr. Pescod in two ships, either 
for profit or loss. 

1625 ? Petition of Sir William Courtecn to the King. The lands in the 

south part of the world, called Terra Australis Incognita, are not yet 
traded to by the King's subjects. Prays for a grant of all such 
lands, with power to discover the same and plant colonies therein. 
[Domestic Corresp. Car. I., Vol. XIV., No. 33, Cal.j>. 206.] 


Vol. IV. 1826—1628. 

Jan. 3. ]. Governor Sir Fras. Wyalt and Council of Virginia to tlie Lords 

Commissioners for the affairs of Virginia. The Flying Hart, of 
Flushing, set out by Arthur Swaine and Will. Constable, adventurers 
of the Company, arrived on 15tli December last, without a com- 
mission, but, because of the extreme wants of the colony, the usual 
privileges were conceded. Above half the passengers, servants to 
planters, without provisions ; better care should be had not only of 
new comer.s, but even of planters, that they arrive well provided. Con- 
gratulations on the accession of King Charles. Remonstrate against 
the defenceless state of the colony, the powder and munition not 
sufficient for their domestic enemies. Request directions how to 
dispose of a Spanish frigate and Portuguese pilot taken in the West 
Indies by Capt. Jones, since deceased, by commission from the 
United Provinces to Capt. Powell. Inclose proclamation which they 
have been constrained to revive. Describe the desperate condition 
of their trade, " 2,000^. adventure will exhaust all the tobacco of one 
crop." The Governor has long expected a successor ; private affairs 
compel him not to put off any longer his return to England, which 
some of the Council purpose also. [Copy. Signed hij the Uoixnior 
and Jive vf the Council.] Inclose, 

1. I. Proclamation by the Governor and Council nf Virginia, 

renewing a former proclamcdion of 31 Aiign^t 1(;2:5, 
for restraining the excessive redes of comhiudilics. ]02,3, 
Dec. 31. James City. [Copy. Signed as above] 

Jan. 4. 2. Petition of the Somers Islands Company to Buckingham. That 

their ship the Victory, Wil. Kempthorne master, ready to go to 
those islands, with supplies for the present necessity of the people, 
and their defence, may not be hindered or impressed for any other 
service. Anne. red, 

2. I. Names of thirty-une ntcn belonging to the Victory, bound 

to the Somers Islands. 

]\Iarch i. Commission appointing Sir George Yoardley Governor of Virginia, 
Wfstminster. to execute the same as fully as any Governor resident there within 
the space of five years last past ; Francis West, John Harvey, George 
Sandys, John Pott, Roger Smith, Ralph Hanior, Sam. Matliews, 
Abrah. Piersey, Wil. Claybourne, Wil. Tucker, Job Wliitaker, Edw. 
Blandy, and Wil. Ferrar the Council ; and Wil. Claybourne, Sec- 
retary of State in the Colony. [Colonial Entry Bh., Vol. LXXIX., 
pp. 248-2.5(3.] 
[March 4.] Minute of the above. [Colonial Corrcsp., 1(3(_)7, Jan. 9.] 

Man-h I 3. Summary relation by Capt. [Roger] North ; concerning the patent 

fur tlie River Amazon and the country and coast adjiiiiiing. In- 
formed King James, by petition, some'five years since of His Majesty's 
right to those parts, wlio after full delibei-ation granted a patent 
with great immunities to such as should engage therein, and several 
orders were issued by the Privy Council for the King's special service. 



Vol. IV. 
Tlie iioliility and Ri'iitiy went into the business with great affection, 
a 8liip and pinnace were got ready, but the Spanish agents pro- 
cured a conunand from the" King that Capt. North should suspend 
his voyage till further order. Gondomar spared no efforts to put a 
stop to the undertaking, aifirining at the Council table that his 
master had actual possession of those countries ; but through the 
Duke of Eichmond's assurances, and receiving letters •' that the 
world expected he should go without bidding," the Company at Ply- 
mouth being ready to disperse, North put to sea. Gondomar, 
hearing that he had sailed, would not be pacified until a proclamation 
was issufd f( ir his return [see ante, 1 5 May 1 620, p. 23], but could not 
olit.ain iinNsrssion of the goods by any law. The business was not 
disclaiiiiiMl liut only suspended. [Capt. North returned in Dec. 1620, 
" well fraught" having heard nothing of the [iroclamation against 
him, but was committed to the Tower, 1621, Jan. 7, though he had 
great partners in his adventure and declared he had done nothing to 
offend the Spaniards. He was liberated in July 1621, and the fol- 
lowing month obtained restoration of his goods, sequestered by the 
Spanisli Ambassador's means. See Domestic Corresjj. Jac. I., Vols. 
CXVIIL, Ko. 54, CIX., No. 10, CXXIL, Xos. 31, 8S.] 

March 16. -i. Brief notes of the business of the Amazon [liy Capt. Roger 
North ?] for the Duke of Buckingham. The river judged to be 
the fairest in the world, the greater part never passed by any 
Christian, nor the continent adjoining discovered. Conveniently 
situated. Commonly seven weeks' passage from Plymouth. Climate 
of the country already discovered excellent ; inhabited by many 
nations of different languages, who would rather admit any Chris- 
tians than Spaniards or Portuguese. Produce and profits from 
commodities. " I left there" 100 gentlemen and others six yeai's 
ago ; many still remain dispersed among the Indians, although sup- 
plies from England have been stopped. They are without govern- 
ment, speak the languages of several nations and may make use 
of thousands of Indians, who are rewarded with glass beads, iron- 
work, " or such like contemptible stuff" for housing and working for 
them. The Indians supplied by the Dutch. The English with- 
stood a great attempt of the Portuguese, wrought by Gondomar, to 
supplant them, about four years since. The course at present in- 
tended is, by the King's favour, to have the patent, former!}' sus- 
pended, renewed, whereby the adventurers will be incorporated into 
a company, which, when effected, " this great business" will be per- 
petuated without any charge to His Majesty. 

March ? 5. Brief Notes of the River Amazon and of the Coast of Guiana, 

contained in the new grant from the King unto a corporation. 
Similar in substance to the pi-eceding, with the exception of the 
concluding paragraph. That the .surest means of interesting the 
Kino- and his subjects in the West Indies is to settle in those and 
such like parts. Advantages of so doing. I'rlnted. 

JIareh? 6,7. Two copies of the preceding. Frlnted. 



Vol. IY. 

March ? 8. [The King to Attorney General Heath.] Eoger North and 
Ruliert Harcourt having discovered mean.s to take journies into the 
River Amazon, the Attorney General is to ])i-epare a hill for the 
King's signatui'c, containing a grant of incori)oi-ation to them and 
others to be joined with them, vrith all customary privileges for 
sending ships, men, ammunition, armour, and other things thither. 
The limits within whicli they are to have their plantation and 
traffic are set forth. 

April 3. Preamhle for the suhscriptions for tlie formatiun of a company of 

ailventurers to the River Amazon. Upon the .suit of Roger Nurth, 
the i\iii4 lias directed the Attorney General to prepare a hill for His 
JIaj' st y s -i-nature, containing a grant of incorporation to him, 
Ri.ilit. Ilareiiurt, and others, to be joined with them, and such 
e.xteut of lands and other privileges as are contained in two grants 
of 28 Aug. 1G13, and 1 Sept. 16L9. Conditions upon which ad- 
venturers are required to nnder-write. I'riutcil. [Domestic 
Curr.s^,. Cnr. /., Vol. XXIV., Xo. 20, Cul. n. 302.] 

April G. y. Governor Sir Francis Wj-att and Council of Virginia to tlie Privy 

J;ni.L's City. Council. The Virgin, of Southampton, with letters of 24- Octolier, 
and supplies, " though not answerable to our great wants," has 
arrived. Must ever acknowdedge the remission of the imposition 
upon tobacco as a singular favour from the King. Humbly desire 
that it may be well performed, and that the aliairs of the colony, as 
well for government as other ways, may be settled. The King's 
a.ssurance that every man shall have his particular right preserved 
and enlarged, will be the means of inviting many to settle who 
hitherto "have only endeavoured a present crop and their hasty 
return." Beg' that the importation and sale of all tobacco, except 
from Virginia, may continue to be pirohibited, and point out how 
prejudicial to them are those petty English plantations in the savage 
islands in the AVest Indies, by reason of the quantities of Spanisli 
tobacco they export. The important works of suppressing the 
Indians, discoveries by sea and land, and fortifications, to be 
eflectually performed, will require .jOO soldiers sent over annually, 
with a full year's provision of victuals, arms, munition, tools, and 
all necessaries. Doubt not but Sir Geo. Yeardley lias gdven full 
information of everything necessary relating to the colony. The 
King's commands that judgments, decrees, and important actions be 
determined by a majority of the Council, and that eveiy act of 
Government be in His Majesty's name, will they " doubt not 
receive the due perfection." Have always forborne to choose officers 
except during His Majesty's pleasure only. [Str/ned hy the Governor 
and Jive of the Council.^ 

April 19. Instructions for Sir George Yeardley, Governor of Virginia. He 
is directed to send by the first ship a particular account of the colony, 
the number of plantations, inhabitants, kc. To inquire what pro- 
perty belonged to the late Company in November 1623, how it lias 
been disposed of, and what remains to be reserved to the public use. 



Vol. IV. 

2VII new comers to be well eutertaiued, and to enjoy certain 
privileges. Merchants not to be constrained to take tobacco at 
OS. per lb. for their wares. To certify whether the charter parties 
perform their contracts. To look after the passengers on board his 
ship the Anne, upon which he is to embark, and also the James, his 
coDSort. Not to allow any person to go aboard a ship arriving in the 
colony without express warrant, '■ in regard you may daily expect 
the coining of a foreign enemj'." To take steps to avoid that intole- 
rable abuse of engrossing commodities and forestalling the market. 
To suppress drunkenness. Cause the people to apply tliemselves to 
raising more staple commodities than tobacco, and to plant corn. 
Strictly to forbid any of the planters from receiving Indians into 
their, without special licence, " to avoid the treachery of the 
savages and prevent such dangers as heretofore have fallen," and to 
make choice of persons to till the vacant seats in the Council. 
[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. LXXIX, pp. 2-57-204.] 

May 3. Petition of Ralph Merrifield to the Privy Council Having set forth 

two ships under the command of C'apts. Warner and Smith to the 
new plantation [St Christopher] in the Caribbee Islands, on their 
passage to the Downs they made prize of a small vessel of Dunkirk, 
whicii being a good sailer, they intended to take with them, but 
Sir Een. Palmer required Capt. '\^^arner to clear her in the 
Admiralty. Prays that she may go the voyage, and that Warner 
may answer for her on his return. [Domestic Corresp. Car. I., 
Vol. XXVI., No. 36, Cal. p. 328.] On the same day there was an 
Order in Council for the restoration of the above to Capts. Warner 
and Smith. [Ibid, Xo. 28, Cal. p. 327.] 

May 17. 10. Governor Sir Francis Wyatt and Council of Virginia to the 

James City. Privy Council. Inclose a particular of all the lands granted by 
patent or otherwise. Besides those unable to jjlant their land, 
many are either dead or gone for England ; suggest that all should 
be compelled either to manure or forfeit their lands. The reserva- 
tion of a penny an acre upon patents would prevent the excessive 
engrossing of land. Eeasons of " the slow proceeding of the growth 
of the plantation," chiefly tlu'ough the government being divided 
between England and Virginia. Advise, as commanded, upon the 
most direct ways for settling a firm plantation. Dangers of being 
seated in small bodies ; proposals to secure the forest by running a 
palisade from Martin's Hundred to Kiskyack about six miles, and 
to build houses therein at convenient distances ; by which means 
they will gain, free from the savages, a ricli circuit of ground little 
less than 300.000 acres; 1,200?. in ready money will be required for 
the work, and 100?. a year to maintain it. Have reduced the 
ao-reement to a certainty, which they inclose ; desire answer by the 
next shijiping. Forts and fortitied towns must also be built, for which 
purpose 200 men at least with commanders and engineers of skill 
will be necessary. Not less than two hundred soldiers, well furnished, 
required to go against the Indians. Such means will enable them to 
undertake discoveries by land, " both for the riches of the mountains 


1626. Vol. IV, 

and probabilities of finding tlie passage to tUv South Sea," and 
wdl encourage " voluntaries to people the country." Staple com- 
modities will he raised. The price of tobacco, must, in the mean- 
tmie be upheld, and all other but their own and the Somers Islands' 
prohibited. A constant magazine should be furnished yearly with 
such commodities as they may advertise. Notliiug has hindered the 
progress of the arts, manual trades, and staple commoilities, more 
than want of money amongst them ; tobacco is tlieir cim-ency and 
they do not have it all the year round to pay workmen. So cn-eat 
a work, computed at not less than 20,000/. a year, requires a suffi- 
cient public stock, a great proportion of wliidi should be wholly at the 
disposal of the Governor, Council, and Assembly. The Governor, 
Council aud other officers must be maintained by it ; the forest won 
and stocked with cattle ; fortifications rai.sed ; a runiiinu- army main- 
tained ; and discoveries made by sea and land. Sir Francis"'Wyatt 
who goes over by these sliips, will clear an-,- objections to these 
opinions. [Signed by Sir F. Wyatt and five of tl'ie Council. Sec. 
Coke lias written a prdcis of this letter on the outer side, and added 
"referred for more particulars to Sir Fr. Wyatt; answer to be 
dn-ected l>y the Lords."] Inclose, 

10. I. Xofe of all lands </ra.ntcd la Ylrnnila, I,j ^,nt,,d or otlar- 
luise, whdher to societies or private persons, with names 
and number of acres r/ranted. 

10. II. Proposition, coneernlnij tlie u-liiuinii of iJie fares! slr„ed 
hij Sam. Malknes and yflll. Clayhdnrue, vfn, </,•-• '/-///m,,, 
to undertake the same, upon certain eondltlans th,:rrl',i 

May 17. 11. Coj^y of the preceding letter aud inclosure No 1 

JuuiLS City. ■ ■ 

[July 21.] 12. Petition of Thos. Powell, on behalf of himself and his ,,oor 
distressed brothers and sisters, to the Privy C.juncil. Prays fbr an 
order to the Governor and Council of Virginia for recovery of the 
estate of their deceased brother Capo. Nath. Powell, which has come 
into the hands of IMr. Blany who married the relict of Will. PnwxdJ 
but is in no way of kin to them. ' " ' 

July? 13. Petition of Capt. John Preen, of London, merchant to the 

Privy Council. The plantation of Virginia being for the 'i)i''"sent 
merely supported by private adventurers, the petitioner is now bound 
thither in person in the Peter and John of 220 tons and 18 pieces of 
ordnance, with people, arms, munition, apjjarel, tools, victuiJs, and 
other necessaries. Prays for a warrant to protect hinieelfj his people 
and ship, &c. from being employed in any other service. Anncred' 

13. I. Examinations of Capt. Preen, Thos. WlUoualdiy a 
passenger, and John Pollinijton, that the only Intent of 
their voyage to Virginia Is to carry passengers and 
goods thither. 1626, July 6. 



1626. ^«^-^^'- 

Sept.? 14. Petition of John Preen, Capt. of the Peter and John, bound 

for Virginia, to the Pri^-y Council. Has lately been commissioned 
to carry letters of importance from their Lordships to the Governor 
of Virginia ; ten barrels of powder for defence of the jilanta- 
tion ; 110 passengers and provisions for the planters. Prays to be 
allowed to purchase 1-5 barrels of powder out of the King's store 
for defence of his shijt. 

Sept. 1.5. 15. Warrant to deliver to Capt. Preen, carrying directions _ and 
"W'hitc-haU. provisions for Virginia, fifteen barrels of powder out of the King's 
store, without wliich he cannot safely prosecute his intended 
vo^-age, wpon paying ready money for the same. [Coj^u-] 

Sept. 15. Sir Thos. Love to Nicholas. Sends names of the captains and 
company of the Fortune, of London, bound for the West Indies, 
and victualled for 15 months for 65 men. [DOMESTIC Corresp. 
Car. I., Vol. XXXV., ^^o. 86, Cal. p. 428,] 

Oct. 17. Warrant for furnishing and delivering the St. Anne, a prize ship, 

to the Company of Adventurers for Guinea and Benin [Bynney], by 
way of adventure for 12 months. [Docqud. DOMESTIC Car. /.] 

Nov. 10. 16. Sir Rich. Whitboume to the Duke of Buckingham. A traveller 
London. and adventurer into foreign coim tries at 15 years of age, he was 
captain of a good ship of his own in 1 588, and rendered good 
service. Has been often greatly wronged by pirates in Newfound- 
land, where he was subsequently employed, by commission, for the 
reformation of abuses J^eaidy committed there, and other special 
affairs on that coast. Wrote a large discourse thereon, which was 
presented to King James, and ordered to be printed and distributed 
in every parish throughout England, to show the benefit of settling 
a plantation there. Has been twice to that country, with com- 
missions, to help advance a plantation, undertaken by Lord Falkland. 
Incloses certificate of his good services and losses. His great 
charges in bringing over one Thos. Robinson, of Norfolk, from a 
monastery in Lisbon, who was afterwards employed by the King's 
orders to find out treacherous people, who had come from Spain 
to do the State mischief Sets forth, at great length, the various 
employments he is fitted for, particularly as relating to the security 
of the hopeful plantation of Newfoundland, which he declares may 
prosper much better than any other in those western parts of the 
ATorld. Is ready to discover such naval stratagems to be employed 
against the enemy "as he took good notice of in the year 1588." 
ReUes upon the Duke's right noble favom-s. Anoi^xed, 

IG. I. Ceiiificate signed hy Sir Edu: Seymour, John Dralce, and 
eight others. That Capt. Rich. Whitboume had often 
made voyages to Newfoundland, icherein he gained 
great expenence, as appears by his "large discourse," 



Vol. IV. 

and was employed by several commissions to his great 
charges, intending to settle himself, and many other 
families iipon that island. That he is a good subject and 
has sustained great losses at sea. [Co2'>y.] 
Fub. 16. Petition of Pioger North to the King. Being engaged in the 
work of enlarging the King's dominions by phintationy on the Kiver 
Amazon and the country of Guiana, pray.s for one or two prize ship.s 
fit for that employment. This petition was referred to the Duke of 
Buckingham to take sucli order as he should deem good, and Nicholas, 
his Seci'etary, has added "one of 200 and a pink of 50, or two of 
800 tons between them." [Domestic Corrcsp. Car. I., Vol. LIV., 
No. 18, Cal. p. 57.] 

Feb. 17. Proclamation touching toliaceo. Confirming previous proclama- 
Whiteball. tions of 29 Sept. 1624, and 2 March 1625, prohibiting the importa- 
tion and use of all tobacco not of the growth of Virginia and the 
Somers Islands, but because of the immoderate desu-e of taking 
tobacco which " pi-evailed throughout the kingdom, and the difier- 
ence, or at least the opinion of diflerence " between or 
foreign tobacco and that of the plantations of Virginia, allowing the 
importation of 50,000 weight per annum of the former to the King's 
" own particular use." [Proclamations, Car. I., No. 61.] 

March 3 ? 17. Warrant for the Earl of Carlisle or his assigns, and the owners 
of all tobacco Ijrought from St. Christopher's, to have the sole profit 
thereof towards their charges and adventiu'e. [^Draft, mutilated.^ 

March? IS. Abstract of the suit of Ralph Merrifield. The first planter 

in the Island of St- Christopher, he made a voyage thither last 
summer [see 1626, May 8], for better settling the plantation and 
])ublieation of the Earl of Carlisle's gi-ant. Has brought from thence 
10,000 weight of tobacco in reliance upon an exemption from customs 
for ten years contained in that grant. Prays for leave to sell it, not- 
withstanding a jjroclamatiou restraining the sale to CommLssioners, 
who are not yet named. 

April 7. 19. George Lord Baltimore to Edw. Nicholas, Sec. to the Duke of 

From iiiylodgingB^ickii^gliam. Begs his furtherance in the speedy dispatch i if the 

iu the Savoy. ^y.^j.j.,^^<. f^j. j^jy j^ijjpg^ ^\^^ ^vk of Avalon, 160 tons, and the George 

of Plymouth, 140 tons, to be exempted from the general .stay ; Sir 

Arthur Aston waiting to sail for Lord Baltimore's "young plantation." 

April 7. 20. Answer of the planters and adventiu-ers of Virginia and the 
Somei's Islands. Being called together at Sir John Wolstenholme's 
house, where, by order of the Privy Council, was declared the quan- 
tity of tobacco that they should bring into England and the price 
that the King will give them for it, they with one voice refused 
both propositions, the quantity and price not being sufficient to 
maintain the peoj^le in those plantations. State their reasons, sug- 
gest a remedj', and desire that the King will allow them to have 
of their tobacco and to dispose of it as they like. 

F 2 


1627. ^''^^- ^^• 

Aprils. 2L Governor Sir Geo. Yeardley to the Privy Council. The people, 

James City, nnderstaniliiiy of a conti-act for tobacco to be made with Mr. Auis, 

I iigmia.j ^.^.y Q^^ j^^_^j complain extremely, hating all contracts. Has spoken 

the best he can to all [liis Council] not letting them know of any 

letter he has received from their Lordships. Will use his utmost 

endeavom-s to do the King and Privy Council the best service. 

Suggests that the contract should be for 300,0001b. weight of tobacco 

yearly, a.nd argues against it being made up in rolls. 

April ? 22. Governor Sir- Geo. Yeardley and Council of A^irginia to the 

Privy Council. Tlieir letters, by Capt. Preen, have been received 
prohibiting tlie transportation of au^' of their tobacco to the Low 
Countries in future. Explain why the Flying Hart of Flushing was 
allowed to trade in tlie colony last year ; and that they were 
ignorant of the order to send all their tobacco to England. Desire that 
Sir Thos. JVlerry will rest satisfied with their proceedings touching 
John Puntis' estate. Tlie report of Mr. Anis' contract has deadened 
their spirits and pkinged them into misery. Earnestly intreat that 
free trade and the benefit of the sole importation of tobacco, here- 
tofore promised, may be continued and confirmed ; and that above 
all Spanish tobacco may be utterly excluded. Beseech tlieir Lord- 
ships " not to let them foil into the hands of avaricious and cruel 
men, whose exorbitant and wide consciences project and digest the 
ruin of this plantation, for profit and gain to themselves." Signed 
by Sir Geo. Yeardley, Fras. West, John Pott, Roger Smyth, Sam. 
Mathews, Will. Claybourne, Will. Tucker, and Will. Ferrar. 

April 9. Sir William Alexander to Nicliolas. Solicits the release of the 

Morning Star, Andrew Baxter master, tied in consort to attend a 
ship of Sir William's in her intended voyage towards Nova Scotia 
" to do His Majesty service." Her stay in Dover Road will ])e the 
overtlirow of this voyage. [Domestic Covrcsp. Car. I., Vul. LIX., 
Ko.s7., Cal.p. 132.] 

May 8. 23. Grant to Sir WilL Alexander. His patent of 12 July 1625 

"Whitehall, for all the lands and dominions of Nova Scotia is recited, and 

Admiralty jurisdiction of those parts granted to him and his heirs, 

with power to seize vessels belonging to the King of Spain, the 

Infiinta Isabella, or others. His Majesty's enemies. Latin. [Cojyy.l 

Slay 1 9. Grant to Geo. Duke of Buckingham, WiU. Earl of Pembroke, and 

others, of incorporation by the name of the Governor and Company 
of Noblemen and Gentlemen of England for the Plantation of 
Guiana. [This grant jT^'ssed the Great Seal on 2 June folloicimj. 
Minute. Domestic Corrcsp. Cur. I., 1626, A2ipendix.] 

May 19. Minute of the above. [Colonial Currcsp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

ilay ? 2L Petition of John Preen, capt. of the Samuel, of 2 10 tons 

ami 1 G pieces of ordnance, and of a pinnace of 100 tons and 8 pieces of 
ordnance, to the Privy Council. Is about to transport people and 
jiro visions to Virginia. Prays to be allowed to pmxhase 15 barrels 


1627. ^^«^- ^^• 

of powfler out of the King's store, for ready monev, as he did by 
warrant in September last. [See 1626, Sept 15. Ou 28 ilay 1G27, 
a wai-rant for letters of marque was issued for the Samuel. See 
Domestic Corresp. Gar. I., Vol. CXV., p. SI, Cal p. 297.] 

May ? 2.5. Petition of John Preen, capt. of the Samuel of Newcastle, 

and of a pinnace, the Endeavour of London, to the Privy Council. 
Is about to transport both people and provisions for the strengthen- 
ing of Virginia. Prays for a commission for government of the 
passengers and crew during the voyage, similar to that granted to 
him by tlieir Lordships about a twelvemontii ago. 
June IS. Account of ordnance and ammunition delivered to the Earl of 
Carlisle by the King's warrant of 21' May 1(>27, for a fort in St. 
Christopher. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Car I., 1033, Awjust^ 

[.June 20.] 26. Petition of Capt. Tlios. Combe, of Southampton, merchant, 
to the Duke of Buckingham. One of the chief for the mainten- 
ance of the ])lantation of St. Chi-istopher's, he has by commission of 
the Earl of Carlisle, " chief Governor of those West India Islands," 
for the third time, freighted a ship with supplies for that island. 
Prays for a warrant for the quiet and peaceable enj'oying of his sea- 
faring men appointed for the voyage. Endorsed h'j Niehohis, " K''., 
21 Jime 1627." 

June 20. 27. Copy of the above. 

June 20. 2S. Brief relation of the present state of the business of Guiana. 
The King's letters jiatent erected the adventurers into a corporation, 
the Duke of Buckingham, Governor, with .55 other noblemen and 
gentlemen, the Coniiumy. They have subscribed some 150?., some 
100/., and scime .50/. a-piece. Guiana, and "the i-oyal river of 
Amazon," contained in the grant. Genei-al Courts to be held four 
times in the yeai". Ordinary Courts and the election of officers to be 
agreed upon. On S June, Capt. Roger North, brother to Lord 
North, was constituted Deputy Governor. Sir Henry Spilman, 
Treasurer, and other officers subsequently chosen. All that come in 
before the next General Court to be charged no more than the 
patentees themselves. This paper printed to give the adven- 
turers who were absent notice of these proceedings ; they are 
desired to bring in those Avilling to join the Company. Printed. 

June 20. 29. Copy of the preceding. To the privileges and immunities 
gi-anted in the letters patent, there is this MS. addition, — and a 
clause of confirmation upon passing in Parliament. Printed. 

July 2. Gi-ant to James Earl of Carlisle, entitled " the first grant of" the fol- 

lowing islands called " the Caribbees," viz., St. Christophers, Grenada, 
St. Vincent, St. Lucia, Barbadoes, Mittalanea, Dominico, Mariga- 
lante, Deseada, Todosantes, Guadaloupe, Antigua, Montserrat, 
Redendo, Barbuda, Nevis, Statia [St. Eustache ?], St. Bartholomew, 
St. Martin, Anguilla, Semlirera, Euegada, and other islands, Ijefore 
found out to his great cost, and brought to be a large and copious 



Vol. IV. 

colony of Englisli,to be hereafter named " the Carlisle or the islands 
of Carlisle province," reserving a yearly rent of TOOL, and a white 
horse when the King, his heirs and successors, shall come into those 
parts. {Colonial Entry Bh, Vol. V., pj). 1-12.] 

July 2. SO. Abstract of the above grant. 

July 2. 31. Copy of the preceding. End or seclhy Sir Jos. Williamson. 

July 2. Minute of the preceding. [Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

July 2. Commission to Jas. Earl of Carlisle to be Governor of the Carribee 

Islands, to him and his heirs, "under the annual pension of lOOZ." 
{Minute. Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

Aug. 9. Proclamation for the ordering of tobacco. The growth of tobacco 

in England is strictly prohibited, as well as the importation of any 
Spanish or foreign without the King's special commission. No 
tobacco of the growth of Virginia, the Somers Islands, or any other 
English colony to be imported without licence under the Great 
Seal, and when imported, to be sold to the King's Commissioners, for 
His Majesty's own immediate use, from whom only it may be bought. 
{ProcloAnations, Car. I., No. 68.] 

Nov. 2. William Payne to Katherine Lady Conway. Wishes that Lord 

Conway, or some of his, would come in for a proportion in the lot of 
St. John's at Newfoundland, well known to be the chief and prime 
lot in the whole country. Great liopes of good commodities from 
thence ; some houses having been already built, it will require no 
great charge to follow. Advises Lord Conway to address a letter to 
John Slauey, the Governor. Lord Baltimore on his return may get 
some proportion in that lot. {Extract from Domestic Corresp. 
Car I., Vol. LXXXIV., Ko. 13, Cat. p. 421.] 

Nov. ? 32. The King to the Governor and Councd of Virginia. His 

Majesty is much troubled how little account can be given of any 
substantial commodity from the colony, and how truly it may be 
said " that tliis plantation is wholly built upon smoke, tobacco being 
the only means it hath produced." They are, therefore, not only 
recommended but commanded to take especial care in the making of 
pitch, tar, pipe staves, soap-ashes and potashes, iron and bay salt ; to 
search for rich mines and to plant vines. The bearer, William 
Capps, is appointed to confer with them thereon. {Certified copy.l 

Nov. ? 33. Attorney General Heath to Govei'uor Sir Geo Yeardley and 

the Council and Burgesses of Virginia. Sends, by the King's further 
directions, instructions concerning their tobacco and the i-aising of 
staple commodities in the colony. [Certified cojyy.] 

Dec. 20. 31. Governor Francis West and the Council of Virginia to the 

James City. PHyy Council. Certify the death of Gov. Sir Geo. Yeardley and 

[ irymu.] ^|^^^ I'lection of Capt. Eras. West to succeed him in the government. 

The public charges in time of war cannot be defrayed without the 


1627. VOL. IV. 

colony is relieved with greatei- supplies. Desire a fovonralile con- 
struction may be put upon their supei-intendenee over the affairs of 
the colony, which is beset with difficidties, and that soldiers and 
ammunition may be sent over to act against the savages. Return 
thanks for the King's inclination to their petitions against the 
contract for tobacco last year, and intreat that no contract or 
monopoly may be granted without their consent. Signed by Fras. 
West, John Pott, Koger Smyth, Sam. Mathews, Will Claybourne, 
and Will. Tucker. 

1027? S.5. Petition of MarmadukePiayner to the Privy Couneil. Has lately 

arrived from Virginia in command of the Teuijierance, from which 
the owner, Wil. Saker, has violently thrust him out, detaining 
not only the passengers and goods, but also letters from the 
Council of Virginia to their Lordships. Prays for authority to 
return on board the ship, that he may deliver to every man Ijis own 
goods and letters, and that the freight may remain in the hands of 
the customer of Southampton. 

1G27? S6. Petition of Sam. Sharpe to Jas. Earl of Marlborough, Lord 

Treasurer. Has newly arrived from Virginia, with twelve others, 
in the Temperance, and they are desirous to send supplies in two 
ships, now boxmd thither. Prays that order may be given to 
Capt. Will. Saker, owner of the said ship, to deliver their tobacco to 
the King's customer at Southampton until they have paid custom 
and freight thereon. 

1627 ? S7. Discourse upon the advantages of planting colonies, in which 

arguments are addressed to those who condemn them as unjust, or 
despise them as unprotitable. Choice of climate ; cultivation of the 
soil ; treatment of the savages ; and the work that should be under- 
taken by the colonists. Towards the south of the upper end of the 
river of Virginia, a country will be fovmd proper to extend English 
plantations. Tiiis discourse, it is added, should be printed " with 
the petition " [irrnfia)^], and pass openly among the people liefore 
the gathering of " this alms," to dispose them to be liberal in a Wdik 
of such sovereign importance. Before the petition is granted, it is 
very necessary to keep " his design " secret, whicli is referred in 
trust to " his Lordship." 
Feb. 11. Grant for a general and free contribution for the maintenance of 

the plantation in New England, to be paid to Captain Christiipher 
Levett, appointed Governor. USiyii Manind, Car. I., Vol. V., 
i\o. 1.] 

[Feb. 11.] .38. Mem. that a general contribution was levied for the relief of 
Virginia and paid to Levett, who was designed Governor. [Minute.'\ 

Feb. 20 ? Grant to Philip Earl of Jlontgomery, Lord Chamberlain, of certain 

Westminster, islands between 8 and 13 degrees of north latitude called " Trinidado, 

Tabago, Barbudos [Barbuda] and Fonseca" with the islets belonging 

to them within 10 leagues of their shores, and all customary ro^-al- 


Feb. 2.: 

Feb. 27. 

James City. 

Mar. 4. 
James City 

[March 10.' 

Vol. IV. 

ties and iinimiuities, reserving a rent of a wedge of gold of a pound 
wcis^iit, when the King, his heirs or successors, shall come into tliose 
part's. Latin. [Slfjn Mamud, Cur. I., Vul. V., Ko. 22. See also 
Docqud 1G28, Feb. 19, Domestic Car. /.] 

39. Abstract of Patent to Philip Earl of Montgomery containing 
a grant as above, he having acquired those islands at great expense 
with the good intention tu transport thither a colony of English. 

Minutes of the above. ICvlonial Corre.^ji., 1607, Jan. 9, a'lid 
1628, Feb. 11.] 

40. Governor Francis Y\' est and the Council of Virginia to Attorney 
General LEeath. Account of their action in reference to the in.struc- 
tions contained in the King's and his own letters received but five 
clays since [see ante p. 86, Kos. 32, 33], concerning the exportation of 
their tobacco. Implore His Majesty to admit of a quantity sufficient 
to enable them to sustain themselves, seeing the colony has lately 
inci-eased 1,000 persons, and that " the abundance of wars "has 
added to the suflerings of the planters. Will write by Capt. Preen 
on the rest of those things contained in his letter. Wish to testify 
that they want the means and not the will to raise staple com- 
modities, the charges of which should " rather be supported by a 
royal hand sustaining us than by the weak and poor estate of the 
planters." [Certified copi/.] 

41. Governor Francis West and Council of Virginia to the Pri\-y 
Council. In answer to the petition of Geo. Sandys, who com- 
plains of wrongs and defraudings in that four tenants were taken 
from him ; that in 1623 Sandys took to himself sixteen tenants 
without any order from the Virginia Company, but was not justified in 
holding the others nor in making those free in whose service he had 
no interest. [Signed by Fras. West and fi^'e of the Council. Fndor.sed, 
"Rec. July 1628."] 

42. Piecitalof King James' grant of New England, dated Nov. 3, 
1620, to the Council established at Plymouth, and of their deed of 
19th March 1628, bargaining and selling all their jurisdictions, 
rights, and privileges to the Massachusetts Bay, " containing the 
bounds of the Massachuetts patent, wherein is Boston in New 
England." [See 27 Feb. 1629, 2>- O''-] 

sp., 1620, Kov. 3.] 

[March 19.] 43. Another copy of tlie preceding. 

[March 19.] Minute of the aljove. [Colonial Coi 

]\larcli 22. Conunission appointing John Harvey, Governor of Virginia. ; to 
execute the same as fully as any Governor resident there within the 
space of three years last jiast ; Francis West, George Sandys, John 
Pott, Roger Smyth, Ralph Ilamor, Samuel Mathew.s, Abraham 
Peh-sey, Will. Claybournc, Will. Tucker, Jabez Whitacres, Edvv'ard 
Blany, and Will. Ferrar, the Council, and Wil. Claybourne, 


1628. _ ^*^^-^^'- 

Secretary of State in the colony ; being the renewal ot a former com- 
mission, with the substitution of John Harvey in the place of Sir 
Geo. Yeardley deceased. [Sign Manual, Car. I., Vul. VI., Xo. 0(1] 

TMarch 22. Docqviet of the above. [Domestic CVn-. /.] 

March [22.] Jlinutes of the above [C'o^oiM'ni Cor resp., 1607, /(T?z.. 9, and Domes- 
tic Corresp. Car. I., 1626, Appendix, hoth dated 26 March 1G2S.] 

[March 26.] H. Petition of tlie Governor, Council, and Burgesses of Virginia 
to the King. Have returned answer according to His Majesty's 
commands, that they are willing to accept for their tobacco delivered 
in the colony 3s. 6d., or is. in England. Desire that 500,000 weight 
may be taken yearly, and if that is too much, that they may export 
it into otlier parts, the customs being first paid. Implore the 
King to commiserate their poor estate, having for six j-ears groaned 
under the oppression of unconscionable and cruel merchants, by tlie 
excessive rates of their commodities, and hope that through His 
Majesty's favour they may recover new life, and be enabled to raise 
those staple commodities proper for that plantation. [Ccrti^/icd 

March 26. 4-5. Answer of the Governor, Council, and Burgesses of Virginia., 
to the King's letters, concerning tobacco and other commodities. 
Evil effects of former contracts ; the very name a terror and dis- 
colu-agement to the colony, which has for six years past " labmu'i'd in 
the confused paths of those labyrinths." Gratitude for di^-inKing 
those contracts, and particularly for the prohibition of Spanish 
tobacco. A sure dependence on England is the firm foundation for 
the perpetual subsistence of the colony. Flourishing state of 
Virginia since the revocation of the patent. Consent to the 
King having all their tobacco at 3s. Gd. per lb. clear, so that he take 
yearly -500,000 weight for seven years, and they have liberty to 
export from England all over that quantity, after paying customs. 
Desire Spanish tobacco may be utterly prohibited. Regulations for 
planting, gathering, curing, and trying tobacco. In .succeeding years 
the c^uantity planted will be moderated, tobacco being at present 
their only means of subsistence. As the colony numbers nearly 
3,000 persons, every master of a family raising 200 lb. of tobacco, 
and every servant 12.5 lb., would amount to 412,-500 lb. ; a 
quantity not suiiicient for their maintenance. Conditions of pay- 
ment. Materials in plenty for making pitch and tar. No man now 
in the country able to make potashes. Many hundred casks of their 
timber now exported from all parts of the country. Iron from the 
mine has been sent home. Men and materials destroyed by the 
Indians at the massacre now rec^uired. Great hopes of gold, silver, 
and copper mines. Some of them, 19 years ago, I'eceived ''certain 
assurance " of a silver mine, four days' journey above the falls of the 
liver. Planting of vines likelj' to be a beneficial and profitable 
commodity ; the vineroons formerly sent over have purposely 
neglected or concealed their skill ; the colony would be glad to 



Vol. IV. 

defray the charges of .skilful men for that employment. Will iissist 
[Wil.] Capps in his experiments for bay salt. Hope the fishing 
upon their coasts will be nearly as good as that of Canada. 
[Seven closely loritten pages. Certijied cupyl] 

[March 2G.] 46. Petition of the Governor, Council, and Burgesses of Virginia 
to the Privy Council. Have, by their general declarations, answered 
the King's letters concerning the commodity of tobacco to be to his 
own immediate use, and requiring them to contract for it according 
to the price and conditions therein mentioned, and have comi^lained 
of the sinister projects of unconscionable men, through whose 
contracts they have so long suffered. The colony has been greatly 
jn'ejudiced by a general fear and discouragement to settle their 
estates, or raise any staple commodities. Return thanks for the dis- 
annulling of such contracts, and conceiving that the languishing 
colony may at length receive new life, througli the King having 
taken their aflairs " into his more near regard and princely care," 
they implore tlie continuance of their Lordships' favoiir and media- 
tion with His Majesty, that their relations may rather obtain 
credit than the information of men, who only respect their private 
ends and inordinate gain, and that the King's royal intentions 
towards them may be confirmed by the consummation of this great 

March SO. 47. Governor Francis West and Council of Virginia to Lord De la 

Virginia. Warr. The colony acknowledge his father's support, and imjilore liis 

patronage in favour of their petitions and general declarations to 

the King, that none may contract for their goods without their 

own consent. [Certified copy.'] 

March .oO. 48. Governor Francis West and Council of Virginia to Earl of 

James City. Dorset. The colony is grateful for his furtherance and power, which 

tended to overthrow the late contracts for their tobacco, and desire 

his protection " against these storms," and his good ofiices, with the 

King, to put an end to their long troubles. {Certified copy.] 

March 30. 40. Duke of Buckingham, Earls of Pembroke, Newcastle, Dover 
and Stamford, Bishop of London, Oliver St. John, Christ Neville, 
Sir Robt. Naunton, Sir Chas. Oavendyshe, Sir R. North, Jolm 
Mounson, Sir Hen. Myldemay, Hen. King, and Ralph Whitfield, 
undertakers for the plantation of [New England ?], to Sec. Lord 
Killutagh. Desire he will send to Sir H. Spilman, their treasurer, 
33/. (i.s. Sd., the third part of his adventure subscribed to a " public 
work " as honourable and profitable to the undertakers as it is 
meritorious to the country, so that t)ie present voyage may not be 
prejudiced, nor the Company any whit damnified. 

March 50. Propositions for setting up iron works in Virginia. That the 

King should undertake the burden of so great a charge ; incorporate 
the undertakers by patent with fitting privileges ; allow no others to 
set up any iron work in the cohmy for 14 years ; and free them 
from paying any custom or other duty for iron made there and 


1G28. VOL. IV. 

brnnght into England for a certain time. A joint stock ^vill tlien 
be subscribed to perform tlie said work. Draft. Eiulorsfjl, •' A dis- 
course about Virginia." 

April 7. Gi-ant to James Earl' of Carlisle, of the Caribbee Islands, the 

Island of St. Christopher, and divers other islands, to him and his 
heirs, together with subsidies, customs, and impositions, for 1 years. 
{Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9. See ante, 2 Julij 1G27.] 

April 1-5. Sec. Conway to Earl of Totness, Master of the Ordnance. The 
Whitehall. Lord Chamberlain having undertaken a plantation in the AYest 
Indies, has moved the King to grant him 1 00 barrels of powder, 
either freely or upon his security for payment. The King desires 
to encoiu-age the contemplated work, but wishes to know what has 
been usual in similar cases. [Domestic Corresp. Car I., Vol. CI., 
Ko. 11, Cal.p. 75.] 

April. 5L The Council to Earl of Totness. To deliver 100 barrels 

Whitehall, of powder out of the Kiug's store to the Earl of Montgomery, 

for the use of the plantations undertaken by him in the West 

Indies, upon giving security for ])aymeut. [Si[/nrd by Lord 

Coni'-aij onhj.] 

1628 ? 52. Petition of a great company of poor adventurers and planters 

in the Somers Islands to the Privy Council. Have brought over a 
small quantity of tobacco, the fruits of their labours for 16 years, 
which is detained in the custom house, and are now anxious to 
return. Pray for the speedy delivery thereof, upon payment of 
reasonable customs. 

[June -k] 53. Petition of the poor planters in the Somers Islands to the 
Privy Council. Have hved in the islands ever since the infiincy of 
the plantation, and lately brought to England their small means 
in tobacco, which has been detained in the ciLstom house four 
months, under an imposition of 9d. in the lb., more than the 
tobacco will yield. Are driven to the greatest extremity, some of 
them having been arrested for payment of victuals, lodgings, and 
clothes, and anxious to return very soon. Pray for relief, and " to 
have their tobacco by bills of store for this present year." Signed 
by Robert Staples, minister, and 67 others. [This petition was 
presented to Parliament on -1 June 1628; on the 16th June Mr. 
Pym reported from the Committee for the Somers Islands, and a 
petition to the King, concerning tliis imposition, was ordered to be 
drawn by Sir Nath. Ptich, Mr. Pym, Mr. Packer, and Mr. Rolles 
[See No. 55]. On 20th it was ordered to be presented and read to 
the King by Sir R. Freeman, and on 21:th June, Freeman reported 
to the House that His Majesty would take it into consideiation. 
[See Commons Journal] 

1G28 ? 5 k Petition of Robert Fltt, Anne, his wife, and Alice Harris, a poor 

widow, to the Privy Council. Have been l-i jeava planters in 
Virginia, and lately brought over IG hogsheads of tobacco, for 



Vol. IY. 

which they have not the means to pay custom. Pray for a war- 
rant for the free discharge of the tobacco, to enable them and their 
families to return to their plantations. 

June 18. Names of mariners aboard the William and John, of London, 
hound for Virginia, Capt. John Harvey, who have a protection 
against impressment. [Domestic Corrcsp. Car. I., Vol. C'VII., 
Ko. 75, Cul.2y. 168.] 

[June 10] .55. Petition of the Commons House of Parliament to the King. 
In discharge of the trust committed to them, they beseech His Majesty 
to take into consideration the heavy pressures of the adventurers 
and planters of the Somers Islands, who, having about fifteen years 
since, first discovered the place, obtained a patent from King James, 
witli divers privileges, to encourage them to attempt the plantation 
and fortifj'iug thereof, which, Avith much labour and hazard, they 
have at length elFected. Above 2,U00 people have been transported 
from hence ; many houses and chmx-hes have been built, and forts 
and castles furnished with ordnance and ammunition. For 
support of their annual expenses, those islands yield at present 
nothing of value but tobacco, which is so overcharged that great 
numljei's of the planters are in danger " utterly to perish." The 
particular grievances, in which the common liberty of the subject is 
concerned, are represented to be twofold. It is contrary to law, and 
directly against an express grant in their patent, that the planters 
should be taxed more than 5 per cent, upon their goods imported, 
whei-eas ninepence per pound is demanded for customs upon then* 
tobacco when they ought to pay but three-halfpence per pound. 
And that upon the exportation of the commodities which they 
cannot sell, they are denied a return of any part of the imposition, 
though all otiier merchants, "botli strangers and natives," receive 
back what they have formerly paid. The King is therefore prayed 
to grant the planters of the Somers Islands such relief as is agreeable 
to his princely justice, and may encourage them and others in the 
prosecution of similar designs. [See Commons Jouriud. On 
19 June 1G28 this petition was ordered to he engrossed.'] 

June 27. Dr. James Meddus to Katharine Viscountess Conway. Has 
conferred with Mr. Paine about the Newfoundland business. Will 
part with his presidentship if John Slaney, the Governor of the 
whole land, consents. Hoj^es of mines of iron and silver in New- 
foundland ; present profit by fishing, furs, and sarsaparilla. [Do- 
mestic Corresp. Car. I., Vol. CVIIL, No. 37, Cal p. ISO.] 

June SO. Paine to Doctor Medouce [James Meddus]. Wi.shes him not to 
liigiigate. speak with Lord or Lady Conway about tlie matter of Newfound- 
1,-inil until he has spoken to him again. Will write to the Governor 
[.luhn Slaney] and communicate his answer to Lord Conway. 
yU I idcr written is a note respecting a silver mine discovered by one 
Phillips, " a Scotch and mineral mnn," residing with Sir William 
Alexandei-. On 25th July Dr. Meddus writes to Lady Conway 


i/joc^ Vol. IV. 

that Slaney is not unwilling to receive Lord Conway as a sharer 
in the Newfoundland business. [Domestic Corresp. Car. I., Vol. 
CVIII., No. Gl, und Yol. CXI., No. 11, Cal. /^a IS.3. 233.] 

July ] ] . Warrant to abate to the adventurers to the Soiuer.s Islands, 

Westmiaster. according to an order of the Piivy Council, threepence per pound 
of the impost on certain of their tobacco long detained in the 
Custom House. {^Shjii Manual, Gar. I , Vol. VIII., Xo. 33.] 

July ] 8. Order of the Privy Cuuncil, on petition of Geo. Rooke and his 

company, for release of the George, in which were 100 passengers 
bound for St. Christoplier's and Virginia, but stayed at tiie Isle of 
Wight. [Domestic Corresp. Car. I., Vol. CX., Xo. 24, Cal. p. 217.] 

Aug. 25. .56. Geo. Lord Baltimore to the King, ileets witli great dith- 
Ferryland. culties in the remote wild part of the v.-orld where he has planted 
himself, which cannot be overcome without His ilajesty's special 
protection. The English fishing has been much disquieted by a 
French man-of-war, one Mons. De laRade, of Dieppe, with three ships 
and -too well-armed men. Sent two ships after them, one of 360 
tons, with 24 pieces of ordnance ; upon their approach the French 
left behind what English vessels they had taken and 67 of their 
own men prisoners. The French ships have since been driven out 
of the coimtry. Has captured six vessels of Bayonne and one of 
St. Jean de Luz, and sent them to England. Beseeches the King's 
benign interpretation of his proceedings, and that two men-of-war 
at least may be appointed to guard that coast for his own safety and 
that of many thousands of British subjects. [On 10th April 162S, 
a ship was at Pendennis bound for Newfoundland, to carry over 
Lord Baltimore. Sec Domestic Corresp., Vol. C, Xo. 80.] 

Aug. 2.5. 57. Geo. Lord Baltimore to the Duke of Buckingliam. The 
FerrylaDd. King once told him that he wrote as fair a hand to look ujion afar 
oft' as any man in England, but that when any one came near it 
they were not able to read a 'word. He then got a dispensation to 
use another man's, for which he is thankful, as writing is a great 
pain to him now. Owes an account of his proceedings in this 
plantation [of Newfoundland] to the Duke, since it was under his 
Grace's patronage that he went out. Came to build and set and 
sow, but has fallen to fighting with Frenchmen. Details the actions 
of Mons. De la IJade, with three ships and 400 men, " many of them 
gentlemen of quality, and " la fieur de la jeunesse de Normandye." 
Has been troubled and charged v.-ith the 67 French prisoners all the 
summer. Sends six French prizes to England, and hopes his inte- 
rests M'ill be respected. Begs that the Didie will intercede with the 
King that two men-of-war at least may be continued there all the 
year, except the winter, to preserve the seamen, shipping, and goods; 
contributions for that purpose to be imposed upon the fishery. 
Desires that the bearer [Wil.] Peasley may attend Bucldngham on 
the writer's behalf. 


1628. ^^•^^•I^- 

Aug. ? .58. Petition of Capt. John Preen to the Privy Council. Has supplied 

St. Christopher's and Virginia four several times with provisions, 
and his ship, the Tryal, of London, under the command of Capt. 
Fran. Moyne, is now bound to Virginia with 80 seamen and 
passengers. Prays for a wai-rant for release of his ship, which has 
been stayed at Gravesend these ten days. [WaiTant was granted 
12th August 1628. Sec Domestic Corres2x Car. L, Vol. C XV., 
p. 117.] 
Sept. 12. The King to Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia. The King 
renews to those colonies their lands and privileges formerly granted, 
and declares his pleasui-e in sundry other things touching the 
government there. [Docquet. Domestic Car. /.] 

Sept. 22. Abraham Jacob to J as. Earl of Carlisle. The Island business has 
not as yet yielded above 200?., which the wi-iter jmid to Jas. Max- 
well. [Kvtjxtd from Domestic Corres2). Car. I., Vol. CXVIL, 
JS'o. 53, Cal.^y- 335.] 

Sejit. 29. Sir Eobt. Killigrew to Jas. Earl of Carlisle, Things concerning 
St. Christopher's are in the same state, save a letter, come to the 
hands of Tom Davis, speaks of a desire a Governor of the West 
Indies has to supplant the Earl. Hopes to propoimd a way to 
make those islands past fear of the King of Spain. [Domestic 
Corres^x Car. I., Vol. CXVIL, Xo. 79, Cal. p. 338.] 

Oct. 9. 59. Examination of Erasmus Stoiurton, late preacher to the colony 

Pljmoutli. of Ferryland in Newfoundland. Landed on 2Cth September 
last, having left Newfoundland the previous 28th August. Lord 
Baltimore arrived in the colony about 23rd July 1627, and with 
liim two seminary prie.sts named Longvyll and Anth. Smith, but 
left for England with Longvyll, and returned with another priest 
named Hacket and about 40 Papists. Every Sunday, Mass and all 
the ceremonies of the Church of Rome are performed. The child of 
one AVilliam Pool, a Protestant, was baptized into the Church of 
Rome contrary to the will of his fiither. [Underivritten, is a note 
that Stourton is chaplain to Lord Anglesea and has gone to attend 
the Privy Council.] 

Dec. 13. 60. Sir Fras. Cottington to Lord Treasm-er AVeston. Lord Bal- 
timore's suit to the King to lend him a .ship for defence of New- 
foundland has been granted, and one of die six prize ships, which 
Nicholas says are good and warlike, is appointed for that jjuipose. 

Dec. 1 9. Piobt. AUsop to Jas. Earl of Carlisle. His islands stand Avell ; 
100,000 weight of tobacco already imported, to pay 37/. 10s. 
a thousand weight, besides that of the Earl's own, which is 2,700 
weight. [Extract from Domestic Corrcsp. Car. I., Vol. CXXII., 
Xo.59, Cal.2xi'^i-] 
Dec. ? 61. Petition of WUl. Peasley, on behalf of Lord Baltimore to the 

Lords Conunissioners of Admiralty. Tliat the St. Claude may be 
substituted for the Esperance, for preservation of the King's rights 
and many thousands of his subjects at Newfoundland. 


1028 Vol. IV. 

[Dec] G2. Memorial of Lord Baltimore [to Sec. Dorchester]. TJie King 

Laving granted him the loan of the St. Claude, he reque.sts a privy 
seal to that Also a letter from the Privy Council to the 
Governor of Virginia in favour of the memorialist's wife, who is now 
there, to afford her his best assistance upon her return to England. 
Praj-s for a grant of a portion of land in Virginia, the King having 
given him leave to choose a part. 

[Dec] Warrant for a privy seal to deliver one of the prize ships [the St. 

Claude on the endorsement], to Leonard Calvert, son of Lord Bal- 
timore, to be lent to him for twelve months [for defence of New- 
foundland]. [^Draft by Nicholas, tvritten on the iiiw.r ^icjc of 
Cottington's letter. Colonial Corresp., ante, No. 60.] 

1G28. Mem. by Sir Jos. Williamson, that Lord Baltimore was then 

actually .seated at a place called Ferryland. \_Colunud Corresp., 
Vol. I., No. 3.3.] 

IG2S ? 63. State of the case between Lord Baltimore and "the mer- 

chants," concerning the division of French prizes, goods taken in 
Newfoundland, by their ships the Benediction and the Victory. It 
is humbly desired by Lord Baltimore that he may have his part, 
according to the consortship, with a letter of marque antedated to 
enable him to receive his proportion. "Endorsed by See. Dor- 
chester, " State of Lord Baltimore's cause." 

1628 ? 6i. Another copy of the above. 

1628? 65. The King to [the Governor and Council of Virginia]. To 

have e.special care that the oils, potashes, soaps, and other com- 
modities they are about to undertake the manufacture of, be 
really perfect, and that none pass out of the country without 
examination, " that the goodness thereof may be justifiable to all." 
Endorsed, " The substance of a letter to be obtained from His Majesty 
touching Virginia." 

1628 1 66. [Sir Pierce Crosby's] proposal to the King for a grant of 

5,O00L out of the loan for Ireland, and two prize ships, to transport 
ten companies of the Irish Eegiment into a rich and fruitful part of 
America, not inhabited by any Christians ; a good proportion of land 
to be granted to tlie undertaker. The major part of the officers and 
many of the soldiers are Protestants. 

1628? Considerations upon the question, whether trade with the East or 

West Indies would be most beneficial to England ; answered in 
favour of the West Indies. Appeal to the King to give en- 
couragement to a company to be foi'med for working the mines 
there of gold and silver. [Domestic Corresp. Car. I., Vol. CXXVI., 
No. 53., Cal. p. 436.] 


Vol. V. 1629—1630. 

Fob. 3. 1. The King to Capt. Clias. Wolverton, Governor of Barbadoes. 

Difierences having lately arisen between the Earls of Carlisle and 
Montgomery respecting the proprietary of the island of Barbadoes, 
or by what name soever the same was known, or vulgarly named, 
within 10 and 20 degrees of north latitude, and Lord Carlisle having 
given ample satisfaction that the island was formerly granted to him, 
and having sent over great numbers of persons towards the planting 
of it, Gov. Wolverton is directed to take care that Capt. Powell and 
the persons going thither with him, under the protection of Lord 
Montgomery, conform themselves to Lord Carlisle's government, and 
pay sucli duties and imposts as have been granted to him by letters 
patent. [Copy, dated 3 Jan. by mistake. See Ko. 9.] 

Feb. i. Commission to Sir Wil. Alexander and others to make a voyage 

to the gulf and river of Canada and the parts adjacent, for the sole 
trade of .skin.s, fur.s, hides, &c. [Minidi: Colonial Corrcsp., 1607, 
Jan. 9.] 
1G29? 2. Extract of Sir Wil. Alexander's patent concerning Canada. 

Sir Wil. Alexander the younger and others appointed Commissioners 
for making a voyage to the gulf and river of Canada and parts 
adjacent for sole trade, kc, with authority to settle a plantation, and 
prohibition to all others. Power to seize French and Spanish 
vessels and goods, and to displant the former. Liberty of government 
amongst themselves. Covenant of further letters patent, with 
reservation of those formerly granted. 

1 G29 ? 3. " Memorial touching the preparation of the French for 

Canada, Terra Nova, and St. ChrLstupher." The French have 
20 sail ready for those parts. Capt. Kirke bound for Canada, 
with six good ships and three pinnaces, where he may be able 
to encounter them. " Our people " [the English] not provided 
at St. Kitt's; speedy succour should be sent. Some 40 fishing 
vessels only at Newfoundland. It is suggested that some men-of 
war be speedily sent to Lord Baltimore, to withstand the enemy 
and secure the interest of the English, who noiv enjoy the sole trade 
of fishing in those parts. [Endorsed by Carleton.] 
Fel). 20. 4. Will. Capps to [Governor of Virginia]. Is expressly com- 

Elizaix-tU City, manded to leave for England to certify the effects of his employment, 
consisting chiefly of the King's affairs. Bequests a favourable answer 
[for leave to depart] [Ccrtffud coj^y.] 

Feb. 27. Confli'mation to Sir Henry Eoswell, Sir John Young, Thomas 
Wostniiuster. Southcote, Johu Humphre}^ John Endecott, and Simon Whitcombe, 
their heirs and associates, of a grant made to tlie-a by the Company 
of New England, with a further grant of incorporation, by tlie name 
of the Governor and Com]:)any of the Massachusetts Bay in America. 
[Si[jn Manual, Car. I., Vol. X, Ko. 16. See ante p. SS, Xo. 42.] 

Feb. [27.] 5. Minute of the above. 



Vol. V. 

March 4. Eoyal Charter creating a Corporation under tlic name of the 

Westminster. " Governor and Company of the jMassacliusetts Bay in New Eng- 
land." [Ccrtifird copy, Colonial Entnj Bk., Vol. LIX., pp. 29-5LK] 
Mareli -i. G. Another copy of the above. 


March 4. 7. Abstract of the above. 


March 4. Grant to Jolm Endecott, Theoph. Eaton, and others, of a part of 
New Enghand, " between the bounds in an indenture expressed," 
Avitli divers liberties and jurisdictions to them and their heirs for 
ever. [^Minute, Colonial Corrcsp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

March 4. 8. Grant to Sam. Aldersey, Thos. Adams, and otljcrs of a certain 

part of New England, "between the bounds in an indenture ex- 
pressed," with divers liberties and jurisdictions to them and their 
heirs for ever. [Minute.] 

March 4. ilinute of the above. [Cohmial Covresp., 1G07, Jan. 9.] 

April 3. 9. The King to Capt. Chas. "Wolverton, Governor of Barbadoes. 

Westminster. His Majesty's letter of ord February, respecting the claims of Lords 
Carlisle and Montgomery to that island, is recited. The controversy 
not having been yet determined by the Lord Keeper, he is instructed 
to forliear the execution of any of the directions therein contained, 
and to maintain a peaceable and friendly intelligence with all 
persons on both sides. [C'opy, with corrections.'] 

[April.] 10. The King to [Earl of Montgomery?]. By letter of 3rd Feb- 

ruary last, Governor Wolverton was informed that all persons going 
to Bnrbadoes should conform themselves to Lord C.-ulislc's trDvcrn- 
ment ; but by another letter of the 4tli of this in^t. |:;i(l '.\ < 'apt. 
Wolverton was instructed to forbear carr^'ing out IIkim' iliii.N-tinns, 
and both jiarties at the same time were ordered to apjjly themselves 
to a friendly peace. He is informed of these proceedings and copy 
of the King's letter of 3rd April is sent for his guidance. [Cop)/, 
vjitli corrections, endorsed " 'Ea.vl oi Mount: letter."] 
April 18. 11. Lord Keeper Coventry to the King. Eejiorts u]ion the 
differences between Lords Carlisle and Montgomery concernino- "an 
island called Barbados ats. Barbudos," in ]3 deg. of north lat., 
claimed by both, by virtue of letters patent from the King. Upon the 
first question whether that island is one of the Caribbees, after hearing 
Sirs Thos. Button, John Watts, and other seamen of great note, he is 
of opinion it is not ; and upon the second, whether it was intended 
to be passed in Lord Carlisle's patent, though not one of the 
Caribbees, after describing the circumstances in connexion with 
the custody of those islands to Capt. AVarner, in whose patent 
Barbadoes was expressly named, and that Barbuda in the 17th 
degree of lat. was not intended nor desired in any jiatent or 
commission, and the exceptions taken on both sides, he is of 
opinion that the proof nn the Fail of ( 'ailish_'s part, that Bar- 
badoes was intended to lie pas.<ed in hi« patent, is very stroma. 

April 18. 12. Co[)y of the above. 




[1629.] 18. The Kiug to Capt. Chas. Wolverton, Governor of Barbadoes. 

Recites letters of 3rd Feb. and .3rd April last, with Lord Keeper 
Coventry's report on the differences between Lords Carlisle and 
Montgomery, concerning the proprietary of Barbadoes. The con- 
troversy had arisen " chiefly in the ambiguitj- of names of near sound 
and thereby subject to mistaking in so remote parts." He is there- 
fore instructed to revive the King's former letter of .3rd Feb., and 
Lord Carlisle's title to Barbadoes is declared to be of full strength 
and vii-tue, and none other is to liave force. [Draft, corrected by 
Sec. Dorchester.] 

June ] 5. Return of defaulters of musters taken at Dorchester, in which 

occurs the name of John Gould, gone to Virginia. [Domestic 
Corresp. Car. I., 1629, July 27.] 

June? 14. Antoine de Ridouet, Baron de Sanc(?, to [Sec. Dorchester]. His 

great desire to be tlie means of settling French Protestants in 
Virginia, to plant vines, olives, and make silk and salt, induces 
him to solicit the King to appoint him gentleman of his privy 
chamber, and to grant both liim and his son letters of denization. 
[French On 27 June 1629 the King granted letters of denization 
to De Sancd and his son George. Siijii Manual, Car. I., Vol. XI., 
No. U.] 

[July] ] 5. Petition of Edmund Rossingham to the Privy Council. Was 

agent to his uncle, Sir Geo. Yeardley, late Governor of Virginia, who, 
dying before any satisfaction was made to the petitioner for being a 
chief means of raising his estate to the value of 6,000?., Ralph 
Yeardley, his brother, took administration of the same. Prays for 
relief, and that his wrongs may be examined into. RefeiTed to Sir 
Dudley Diggs, Sir- Maurice Abbott, Thos. Gibbs, and Sam. Wrote, 
late Commissioners for that plantation, to examine the true state of 
the case. 1629, July 11. Annexed, 

l.j. I. Report of Thos. Gibb.s and Sam. Wrote upon the above 
'petition, describing in_ detail tlie petitioners employ- 
ments from 1618, and awarding 3601. as due to him in 
equity. 1629, Sejit. 2rx 

1."). II. Ansu-er of Ralph Yeardley, admiiiistrator of the goods of 
Sir Geo. Yeardley, deceased, dunng the minor iiy and in 
trust for his children, to Rossingham's petition. Signed 
by Gibbs and Wrote. 

July 19. 16. Articles demanded by M. M. Champlain and Le Pont of 
Qtk-bec. [Thos.] Kirke previous to the surrender of Quebec. To show his 
commission from the King of Great Britain, and his powers to treat, 
from his brother [David] who is at Tadousac. To be allowed a ship 
to take all their company to France ; friars, Jesuits, and two savages, 
also their weapons, baggage, &c. To have sufficient victuals in 
exchange for skins. Favourable treatment for all. To have pos- 
of the ship three days after their arrival at Tadousac, which 



y<_.L. V. 

is to carry about 100 persons "whicli we are, as well those that 
have been taken, as those that are in tliis phiee." Signed liy 
Champlain and Le Pont. [Orig. French.] 

July 19. 17. English translation of the above. 


July 2i. 18. Proposals [by Mens. Belavene] fur settling a colony in Florida 
with 2,000 men, to be sent over in two years in ten of tlje King's 
ship.s of 500 tons burtlien each, and some transports for cattle for 
the service of the colony. Advantages to England in favouring the 
design. The power of Sjiain will by such means be certainly ruined 
and the Queeu of Bohemia restored to her possessions. Freiicli. 

[July.] 19. Reasons by Mons. B.davene in favour of the King maintaining, 

at Ids own expense, a flert of fifty shij)s for His Majesty's service in 
the West Indies, rather than seek after any com])any of merchants, 
such companies being mo:e prejudicial than profitable. French. 

Aug. 9 20. Articles granted to the Sieurs Champlain and Le Pont by 

T9. " Thos. Kearke" and rati.'ied by " David Kearke." Tliomas has not 
Tudousac. tlie King's commission, but his brother David will show it to tliem 
at Tadousac. He has fiill power to treat. Cannot give them a vessel, 
but guarantees a passage for them to England and from thence to 
France. Cannot grant a passage for the savages. They will be 
allowed to go out with theii- arms, clothes, baggage, and skins ; tlic 
soldiers with their clothes and a beaver coat each only. Skins will 
be exchanged for -victuals. These articles will l>e ratified by 
David Kirke, the General of the Fleet. [Ori'j. Frencli.] 

Aug. 10. 21. Questions to be put to Mons. Belavene concerning his pro- 
posals of 24th July last, for settling a colony in Florida. Whether 
he has ever been there ? and intends conducting the expedition in 
person ? How the colony can be settled, without expense to the 
King, seeing the transportation of 2,000 men will cost more than 
100,000 crowns? How he can prove that the design is not a castle 
in the air ? What reward he will expect. Whether the project has 
been communicated to others ? French. [Draft, in the handiuriting 
of Willimn Bosiuell, Secretary to the Earl of C'arlislc.~\ 

August? 22. " Capt. Harvey's propositions touching Virginia." That six 
grave and conformable ministers be sent thither. That the planters 
be confirmed in their lands and goods by charter, and that the Privy 
Council resolve upon what is fit to be done for ratifying the privi- 
leges formerly granted, and holding a general assembl}'. That 
a fort be erected at Point Comfort, with other foiiifications for 
defence of the colony. That .")0 men, completely furnished and 
victualled, be sent over annually for three years to effect this work, 
togetlier with 40 barrels of povi'der and 20 .ban-els yearly, and a 
proportionable cpiantity of other munition. That a competent 
sum of money be assigned tlie Governor for transportation of him- 

G 2 


1029. _ ^«^-/^'- 

self and retinue, and that for liis future maintenance lie may be 
allowed the custom and impost of 40,000 11 is. of tol)aeco. That tlie 
City of Loudon be invited to send over 100 poor buys and p,irls at 
their own expense, seeing " they have done as nuieh at the rei|uest 
of the late Company." 

August ? 23. Answers ti.i Capt. Harvey's propositions. Ministers who will 
go over at their own charge and be maintained liy the plantation 
may do so. Lands, goods, and privileges to be settled in England. 
The Governor may be authorized to call a grand assembly to ordain 
laws, which must be temporary and changeable at the King's 
pleasure. A fit place for a fort to be surveyed, and the model sent 
to England, with estimates of the number of soldiers and other 
necessaries requisite ; ten barrels of powder to be sent for the 
present. The sum to be allowed for the Governor's transportation 
and yearly entertainment is left blank. [D,\iff, with coryections.~\ 

J 629 ? 2L Relation of the present state of Virginia by Capt. Will 

Perse [Peirce ?], an ancient planter of twenty year.s' standing there. 
Between 4-,000 and 5,000 English in the colony, generally well 
housed ; the plantations well stored and the soil very fertile. It 
has been raised to that height through tobacco, by which the in- 
habitants must subsist for a while ; more staple commodities may 
be undertaken by degrees. No better ship timber to be found in 
the world. About 2,()00 musqueteers for defence against the 
natives, but no fortification against a foreign enemy. Genei-al peace 
with the Indians. 

[iVugust.] 2.'i. Warrant for Sii' John Harvey, Governor of Virginia, to 
receive all tines arising b}^ any sentence of the courts of justice 
in tliat colcmy, for his better support in his great charge at the 
quarter courts, and otherwise, as has been heretofore accustomed. 

[Aug. 1.").] 2(1. Petition of Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia. A last 
of powder was allowed to the late Sir Geo. Yeardley, when he went 
to that colony ; prays for the same allowance, as he is about to undergo 
the like employment. Referred by Sec. Dorche.ster to the Lord 
Treasurer, who is directed by the King to give the necessary orders. 
The quantities of powder delivered to Sir Geo. Yeardley in 162G, 
are certified, and underwritten Lord Treasurer AVeston requires 
the officers of the ordnance to carry these directions into effect. 
[Capt. Preen's commission to take out Sir John Harvey in the 
Friendship is dated 13 August 1629. See Council Begistei:] 

Aug. 19. 27. Geo. Lord Baltimore to the King. Protestations of ser- 
l-'crryiaiiJ. vice. Gives thanks upon his knees for the loan of a fair ship. 
Complains of the calumny and malice of those who seek to make him 
appear foul in His Majesty's eyes, and of the slanderous reports 
raised at Plymouth last winter by an audacious man [see ante, jx 
94', Ko. 59], who was banished the colony for his misdeeds. Has 
met with difficulties " in this place " no longer to be resisted, and is 



Vol. V. 

fuveed to shift to some wanner climate of the new worhl, where the 
■winters are sliorter and less rigorons. Severity of the weather from 
OctoLer to May ; both land and sea frozen the greatest jiart of the 
time. His house lias been a hospital all the winter ; of lUO persons, 
50 sick at one time, he being one, nine or ten have died. His 
strength is much decayed, but his inclination carries him naturally 
to " ])roceeding.s in plantations." Desires a grant of a precinct of 
land in Virginia, where he wishes to remove with some 40 persons, 
with such privileges as King James granted to him in Newfoundland. 

Sept. IS. Declaration by the King that there shall be taken only 3d. upon 
every pound of tobacco, already imjjorted from Virginia and the 
Somcrs Islands, in lieu of all customs, imposts, and other duties 
heretofore payable, to be collected by the' farmers upon tobacco in 
such manner and proportion as the Lord Treasurer shall tliink fit. 
[Docquet. Domestic Cor. I.] 

Se[)t. 29. Commission from Jas. Earl of Carlisle, to Sir Thos. Warner, to be 
sole Governor of St. Christopher's for life, in consideration of his 
having taken possession of all the Caribbee Islands for the Crown of 
England, and having begun a plantation upon St. Christopher's, alias 
St. Christovall, with power to ' appoint a deputy. [Colonial Entry 
Bl:, Vol. v., pp. 13-1(;.] 

J 629 ? 28. Inducenioiits to be propounded to the King to take umler his 

protection the a<lveuturers to the river Amazon or Guiana and 
their plantation. Great probability of advancing to His Majesty 
and his successors .50,000?. per annum for 21 years, to begin after 
the plantation shall have been settled four yeai-s. Such " rent " to be 
paid on these conditions : the King to send 3,000 men, to be at his 
own charge, for four years, 100 pieces of ordnance and ammunition, 
and a certain number of ships for transportation of the settk'is 
and protection of their estates. These expenses are estimated at 
IS.OOOL, or 15,000/. ready money. Endorsnl, hy Sec. Carl, ton, 
" Guiana, reed, from Ca[]t. I>up[ia." 

Oct. 3. Sir John Heydiui to Ed. Nicholas. Received a warrant on 2nd 

inst. for licensing tiie exportation of four drakes to the Amazon, 
for the use of that Company, which he imagines to have been 
permitted by special licence for defence of the plantation. 
[Domestic Corrcsp. Car. /.] 

Oct. 1 2. 29. John Fincliani to [See. Dorchester ?]. Was prevented from 

Bai-badois. presenting himself before his departure with any ci'edit, the Muscovy 
Company having dealt with him very im worthily, allotting only 
oOL for all his losses,, and dangers. Is much beholden 
to the Governor of the Island [of Earl)ndoes], Sir W. Tuftou, and 
begs his Lordship will Lonl Carlisle to write to the Governor 
in his behalf. " A pack of rebellious persons hath appeared by a 
conspii-acy" against tl)e Governor immediately after his arrival, 
which, if not severely punished, will be a main obstacle to the 
augmentation of His Majesty's kingdoms in the West Indies. 


1G29. ^^^-'^^ 

Oct. 17. 30. Answers by Mons. Belavene to the eight articles concerning 
his proposals for settling a colony in Florida, which have been 
coiiummicatetl to the Baron de Sance. [Endorsed hy Boswell. 
See ante, p. 99, No. 21.] Annexed, 

30. I. Five articles of requests to he made to the King for con- 
cessions in reference to the above irroposods. 1629, Oct. 17. 
[/;( the handiuritinrj (f BosiceU.] 

[Get. 20.] 31. Note of articles agi-eed upon between the King and Attorney 
General Heath concerning the planting of Curolina. [ilinute, in 
Wi lliamsons handiur iting. ] 
Xov. 2. 32. Examinations of Capt. Thos. Purfi-ey, Lieut. Edwards, and 
:iizaboth city. Geo. Downes, . taken before John Pott, Governor of Virginia, and 
Capt. Sam. Mathews, concerning Will. Capps, carried out of 
the colony contrar}' to the orders of the Governor and Council. 
[Certified copy.] 

Nov. 5. Sir Wil. Killigrew to Sec. Dorchester. Two Dutch ships have 

I'endennis arrived in Fahnouth harbour with 21 English planters of good 
^*' ''' account from St. Christopher's, who were found at sea in dis- 
tress. They relate that the island had been taken by a Spanish 
fleet iDf 3-t ships, and that after tigjiting a day and a half with 
nine English vessels, the Spaniards took Nevis and St. Chris- 
topher's, and burnt all the houses there. About 400 English fled to 
the mountains and wei-e succoured by the Indians. The Span- 
iards have forced some of the English ships to serve them ; the 
Spanish fleet upon the coast when these men left. [Domestic 
a^rresp. Car. /., To?,. CLI., Xo. 20, Cal. p. 8S. On 15 Aug. 
1629, Ed. Nicholas writes that merchants affirm they have heard 
from French captains tliat a fleet of 10 French ships were bound 
for St. Christopher's with 1,200 men, but he adds it is to be 
doubted whether they will make themselves masters of those islands. 
Ibid., Vol. CXL VIIL, Xo. 68, Cal. p. 39.] 
Nov. 7. Grant of the Council for New England, liy indenture, tc Capt. 

John Mason of the Province of New Hampshire. [Colonial Eiitrij 
BL, Vol.LIX.,pp. 109-114.] 

]Nov. 7. Ab.stract of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1620, Xov. 3.] 
1629? 33. Grievances of the French General and Commissary General, 

who were taken prisoners by Capt. Kirke in Canada. They acknow- 
ledge good u.sage in respect of diet and lodging, but complain that 
without any agreement the charges may amoirnt to more than they 
can pay ; that fi-iends and visitors are not allowed free access to 
them ; and that no ransom ought to be demanded for their re- 
lease, as they are not lawfid prisoners of war, having been taken 
upon a plantation. 

Nov. 9. 34. Deposition of Sam. Champlain, of Browags [Brouage], in 

Guienue, late Lieut. -Gov. of Fort St. Louis, in Quebec, before Sir 
Henry Marten, Judge of the Admiralty. He and the rest of the 
French have been well treated since Canada was taken by Capt 


Kirke on ^l*- July [^ic] last. Account of the arms, ammunition, 
and stores tliat were then in the fort. There were no victuals, 
the men having lived for two months upon nothing but roots. He 
sent bis brotiier with 20 persons in a small pinnace of seven or eight 
tons to buy food of the savages, and to give notice of their distress 
in France. 

Nov. 9. 35. Examination of Eustacie Boule, of Paris, to the same interro- 

gatories as the iireceding. The answers are the .same in substance. 

Nov. 9. 36. Examination of Nicholas Blundell, of Dieppe. The answers 

are similar in effect to the above. 

Nov. 12, Wil. Towerson, Deputy Vice Admiral, to Lord President Conway. 

rm-tsmouth. Sends examination of Wil. Cock, who has come home in a Spanish 
vessel, about the taking of St. Christopher's. Fom- English ships have 
brought men from the island, for whom the Spaniards have taken a 
pledge for every one to lie sent liack into Spain, being of those 
ships they took from the English. [Domestic Corresp. Car. I., 
Vol. CLL, No. 51, Cal. p. 93.] Incloses, 

I. Examination of William Cock, master of the Plough of 
London. In August, last, about ten sail of French, 
went to St. Christopher's and took tiuo^ or three English 
ships, tuhich tvere surrendered seven or eight dags after- 
wards and no hurt done to the island. On 1th Sept. 
last, 36 Spanish vessels arrived at Kevis, engaged, with 
nine English shij^is, some are named, which they took, 
and burnt Nevis Town and St. Cliristopher's. Tlie 
Spaniards have expelled the greater part of the French 
from the island; some 200 English and 40 French 
alone re^nain, who "did. run up in the woods." 1629, 
Nov. 12. {Ibid.} 

Nov. 17. 37. Depositions of Capts. David and Thos. Kirke, John Love, 
and Thos. Wade, foctors for the adventurers to Canada, before Sir 
Hen. Marten, Judge of the Admiralty. They left G]'avesend on 
26 March 1029, with six ships and two pinnaces. Arrived at Great 
Caspe on 15 June and at Tadousac and Quebec between that and 
3rd of July. Traded with the natives for skins. Thos. Kirke, with 
200 men, demanded the surrender of Quebec about 3rd July, which 
was given up on the 9th. 1,713 beaver skins were taken in the 
fort, and came into the Company's hands. 

Nov. 17. 38. Copy of the above depositions. Endorsed., by Sec. Dor- 
chester, '• Capt. Kirke's deposition touching skins brought from 

Nov. 17. Grant of the Coimcil for New England, by indenture, to Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason, of lands upon the 
the rivers of the Irroquois, which they intend naming the Province 
of Laconia. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LIX., pp. 115-121.] 


1G-). ^«-^- 

Nov. 22. .39. The King to Geo. Lord Baltimore. Seeing his plantation in 
Wliitcliaii. Newfoundland has not answered his expectation, that he is in 
pursuit of new countries, and weighing that men of his condition 
and breeding are fitter for other employments than the framing of 
new plantations, which commonly have rugged and laborious 
beginnings, the King has thought fit to advise him to desist from 
further prosec^utiug his designs, and to return to his native country, 
where he shall enjoy such respects as his former services and late 
endeavours justly deserve. [Copy.] 

Nov. .30. 40. Governor John Pott, >Sam. Mathews, Roger Smyth, and 
[Virginia.] Will. Claybournc, to the Privy Council. About the beginning of 
October last. Lord Baltimore arrived in Virginia from his i)lanta- 
tion of Newfoundland, with intention, as they are informed, to 
plant to the suuthwavd, but has since seemed willing, with his 
family, to reside at this jilace. He, and some of his followers, being 
of the llomish reliuinn, utterly refused to take the oaths of supre- 
macy aad alleyiauro, tendered to them according to instructions 
recei\ed from King James. As they have been made happy in the 
tix'ed(.iiii of their religion, they implore that as heretofore no Papists 
may be suffered to settle amongst them. 

[Dec] 41. Petition of Capt. Constance Ferrar to the King. Sets forth 

his many services, for which he has never received any satisfaction. 
Ajri'i'd with Lord Ochiltrie to go with his wife and family and 
plant at Cape Breton, where they arrived on 1st July [1G29]. Upon 
10th Sept. they were treacherously surprised and taken prisoners by 
Capt. Daniell, who was employed by the merchants and Jesuits of 
Dieppe, and after many sufierings were landed in England ; but 
Lord OchUtrie and 17 others were taken prisoners to France. 
Prays that the French Ambassador may be ordered to intercede for 
their release \_Sco Xo. 4(3], and for restitution for above 10,000?. 
damages, and that orders may be given to the Council of War 
to pay to the petitioner what is due to him for former services. 
With reference in accordance therewith, 1629, Dec. 9. 

1629. Notes concerning Barbadoes. A long dispute between Phil. Earl 

of Montgomery and Jas. Earl of Carlisle, occasioned by their several 
grants. The determination referred to Lord Keeper Coventry. 
Carlisle's patent declared by the King to be of full strength ; all 
persons commanded to conform to the Earl's government. [Minute. 
Colonial Corvcsp., IGOd, pp. •"., G.] 

1G29. Opinion of Lord Keeper Coventry that Barluidoes is not one 

of the Caribbee Island.s, seamen of great note having testified the 
impossibility of any resort thither by the Caribbees. [Minute. 

Colonial Corresp., 1609, ^i. 2.S.] 

1 629-1 G"i2. 42. Minutes relating tn tin' ( 'aribbee Islands, some of ^^hich may 
be abstracted as follows: ](;2!), Sir ~\V. Tufton Governor of Bar- 
badoes, about which island there was in that year a long disjiute 
between the Earls of Montgomery and Carlisle occasioned by their 


1G29. ^'°'"^'- 

several grants; the King Lv his letter of 3r(l April 1G31 ? [see 
ante, 2)- ^«, i\'o. 13] deelared tlie Earl of Carlisle's patent to be of 
full strength and virtue and no other. 1631, Capt. Chas. "VVol- 
verton; 1(J39, Major Hunks, Governors of Barbadoes. 1G41, the 
Caribbees are pjreteuded to be conve3'ed by the then Earl of Car- 
lisle's father to Sir Jas. and Mr. Archibald Hay in trust for })ayineut 
of his debts. 1652, more than ]0,0U0 foot and 2,000 horse in Bar- 

1G29. Note that the islands of Nevis and St. Christopher were Imrnt by 

the Spaniards with 3G sail. [Colonial Cornq^., 160!», j'. 6.] 

1629? 43. Petition of Roger Glover to the King. Has long been an 

adventurer to the Caribbee Islands and furnislied the planters with 
provisions of great value, for which he receives paj-nient in com- 
modities from thence, but the Spaniards having in Michaelmas term 
last sui-prised " the tv/o islands" [St. Kitt's and Nevis], he is de- 
prived of the means of discharging his engagements. Prays for the 
King's protection for one year, to give him time to i)ay his debts 
and again adventure to those plantations. 

1 629 ? -i^. Ai-ticles of Agreement between A. and B. and certain planters 

and inhabitants not named, for the effectual fonudation, defence, and 
maintenance of the Island of St. Christopher. [Draft, v:ith cor- 
rect ions in Wil. Boswcll's hand. Imperfect.'] 

1G29 ? Id. ]\[em. by Mr. Yuchng [EVelyn ?], concerning a voyage made 

to the Amazon, abnut four years past, by liis servant, Tlionias 
Fanning, with the object of embarking there in the trade witli 
the Flusliingers, and securing a monopoly for England ; this failed 
for want of encouragement, and through the designs of tlie Portu- 
guese. Afterwards joined Abraham Van Pece, one of the West 
India Governors, to settle the traffic at the Berbice River, but 
finding Captains Roger North and Leake upon the same business, 
sees no possibility of proceeding tlierein. Annexes a list of tlie 
staple commodities in those parts. 

1629. Petition of Luke Fox to the King ; for a small sujiply of money 

towards the discovery of a passage by the North West to the South 
Sea, Hudson and Sir Thos. Button having discovered a great way 
and given great ]iO]ies of opening the rest. [Minute. Colonial 
Conxsp., 1609,/'. 17.J 


Jan. ? iG. Memorial of Lord Ochiltrie to the King. On the 10th Sept. 

[1G29] Capt. Daniell, of Diejipe, accompanied by threescore soldiers 
and a number of savages, arrived in six shallops u])on the coast 
of Capbritane [Cape Breton], and surprised a colony he had seated 
there by virtue of a commission from the King of Britain. "Bar- 
barous and perfidious carriage ' of the French, who said they were 
friends because of the peace. The sufferings they endured, beino- 
inclosed in the hold of a ship, where they were forced to lie one 
upon the other, and were thus carried to Dieppe. His losses 


icso. ^«^-^-_ 

above 20,000/., proved before the Admiralty Court of Dieppe, "where 
lie was kept dose prisouer for a month, and only liberated by 
means of His Majesty's Ambassador. Has presented the relation of 
his injuries to the Council [of Marine], but his wrongs cannot be 
repaired, his losses repaid, nor the olfences be punished, but '' by the 
contrary." Capt. Daniell has a new commission from the King of 
Frain ^' to go with French ships to America, and make good his 
jHissf-sion of Cape Breton. Prays that some remedy may be pro- 
vided for his wrongs and losses, and refers to Capt. Constance 
Ferrar, Lieut. Thos. Stewart, and otliers, witnesses to tiie actions 
above. [In a despatch from Paris, I'l Jan. 1629-30, Sir Thos. 
E(hnondes states that he liad complained of Capt. Daniell's cruel 
usagr of Lord Ociiiitrie, who liad been set at liberty l:)y the Council 
of Marine, as the}' could find no cause for his longer detention. 
Capt. Daniell alleged, in justification, express warrant fi-om the 
Cardinal, from whom he had shown a commission to recover, for 
the French, all the plantations between 40 and 60 degrees. [Sea 
Corrcsp. FEiNCE.] 

Jan. ? 47. " Lord Ewchiltree's [Ochiltrie] information." Pretensions of 

tlie King of France to Canada, and all Acadia, including New 
Englanil and New Scotland ; that King assumes the sole privilege 
of fishing iu those parts, wherebyin a few years, he will be able to 
raise a nursery of sailors better than any in the world. Capt. 
Daniell, in his lettei'.s, lias publicly confessed that it is the French 
King's intention this year to sujiplant the English in all those 
colonies, and to make prize of the Enghsh ships going thither. 
Insists upon the " King of Britain's" right to those countries ; 
above 7,000 of His Majesty's subjects there. Capt. Daniell, the 
agent of the Jesuits, is said to be the whole projector and plotter. 
The French ships start from Dieppe on 20 Felj. The King of 
France only intended the peace with England to last two years, 
until he had secured America. 

WW. 27. 48. Sir Henry Marten to Sec. Dorchester. Has granted a com- 

mission to the persons named by M. M. De Caen and Mullins; two 
Frenchmen for De Caen, and two English for the Canada mer- 
chants. Subsequent dissatisfartion of the French induced by " the intermeddling of Mi-. < liainlicrlajme, the merchant," and refusal 
of M. De Caen to procerd u|"'n 1 ii>rchester's order. 

IdoO? 49. Petition of the adventurers to Canada to the King. By 
virtue of His Majesty's right to Canada, the}' first set out Capt. Kirke 
in 1627 to plant and trade there, who returning in 1 628, a commission 
Avas granted to the petitioners to send him out again, " this last 
year " with a fleet for that purpose. The French pretend a claim to 
the goods that have been brought home, from which the petitioners 
are not only debarred, liut likely to lose their trade in Canada 
in time to come, to the great ]irejudice of other plantations in 
America, and the loss of 200 British subjects, who must perish unless 
they have speedy relief Pray that their goods may be delivered to 


1G30. ^'''"" '^'• 

them upon giving security to the Judge of the Admiralty to answer 
any pretended right tliereto, or that they may liave a legal pro- 
ceeding. [Warrant was obtained by the French Ambassador for 
recovery of these goods out of the Admiralty Court, and for putting 
them in sequestration. See Council Reg. 1629, Oct. 28 ] 

Jan.? .50. Petition of Edmund Eossingham to the Pi ivy Couiicrl. The 

King having taken the government of Virginia into his own hands, 
on July 11 [1629] he petitioned against Ralph Yeardley, apothecary 
of London, and administrator to his brother, Sir Geo. Yeardley, 
deceased, to give an account of the estate, as also satisfaction for 
the petitioner's services. [Sec ante, p. 98, Xo. 1.5.] Prays that his 
cause may be finally determined. On 19 Feb. 1630 the Privy 
Council ordered Ralph Yeardley to pay 200/. to the petitioner out 
of his brother's estate, 1,200/. having already come into the ad- 
ministrator's hand. See Council B,egister.] 

[Feb. 1.] I^lemorial of the French Ambassador to King Charles. For 

restitution of all places taken by the English in Canada since 4^ 
April last, according to [the ■'-*th Art. of] the treaty [of Susa], par- 
ticularly the fortress and settlement of Quebec, possessed by Capt. 
Kirke, and those of Cape Breton and Port Royal, possessed by Sir 
Will. Alexander. [Corrcsj}. France.] 

I 6oO ? Memorial of the French Ambassador to King Charles. For per- 

mission to seize furs and other merchandise brought in two vessels 
by the Kirkes from Canada. French. [Corrcqi. France.] 

Feb. 1. 51. Answers to five several memorials presented by the French 

Ambassador to the Lords Committees for Foreign Aftairs. The 
King continues in his former resolution to restore Quebec in the 
same state as when taken by Capt. Kirke, the:9th July last, without 
demolishing the fortifications or buildings, or carrying away arms, 
ammunition, &c. Complaints against English merchants for em- 
bezzling skins brought from Canada, will be inquired into. The 
Privy Council have under consideration, the cause relating to the 
claims of Peter de Tosse, and other merchants, of Calais. The King 
has ordered restitution of the St. Jean de Lnz, taken by Sir 
Wil. Alexander's son, and of three other French ships. [Duplicate. 
Another copy in Correxp. France.] 

[Feb.] 52. Petition of Sir Arthur and Sir Hen. Mayn waring and Capt 

Will. King to the King. There is a small island commonly called 
Fernandoe Lorinha, situate between 4 and 6 deg. south lat. [Fer- 
nando de Noronha, lat. 3° .55' S.] not at present inhabited, but very 
likely to be possessed by the subjects of some other prince, if not 
speedily prevented. Pray for a grant thereof Unclenvritten, is an 
order for the Attorney General to prepare a bill, as in similar cases, 
the King having been pleased to grant the request of the petitioners 
3 Feb. 1 630. 
Feb. 10. 53. Articles which A. and B. request the Attorney General to 

grant to them, by patent, for the settlement and plantation of 

108 colonijIl papers. 


Vol. Y, 

Feb. 2 

1. ."i.'i 


..11. Jlrcv 


Cainliiia. The Sitli niid .'].-)tli de-'. of Nor. lat., " witliin liis province 
(.f ('.■iruliiia," til lie ].eoplea aii.l planted liy them. Power to ereet 
eourts. Twii-lifth parts of tiie tenitory to lie held of hiiu in the 
Kind's s( rviee, \\ith titles of honour, i)s:c., the rest in free soccage, 
I'duditiiiiis of ti'unre. Certain jiaj'nieiits to the Attorney General as 
"Lord paraiiiuuut or predominant." [iJi'uft hij Bosivdl, with 

Feb. 10. oi. Abstract of the above, iu Boswell's handwriting; with minute 

on endorsement, that the patent of Receiver and Commissary General 
bo dispatched. [See Feb. 24.] 

Warrant to the Officers of the Ordnance to deliver to John 
lie, the King's guirfounder, for the nse of Henry Earl of 
id and his associates, certain drakes, uot exceeding 2-i, ft^ir 
ilaiitatiou on the coast of Amerii-a.. 

Feb. 2 k Grant to Hugh L'Amy of the office of Receiver General of rents 

in Carolina, and " the a;]jaceut isles," upon the uominatiou of Sir 
Robt. Heath, Attorney General. Coniirmed the same day, at the 
reipiest of the Earl of Carlisle. [M'tauic. Colonial CorrcHj)., 
;G()7, ./"/'. i).] 

Feb. 2S. .5<). Sir Robt. Heath to Mr. Lucas, Sec. to Lord Dorchester. 
Has prepared tlie commission for Canada according to his warrant. 
An aildition required by the French Ambassador. Finds they 
[l)e Caen and the French?] are not satisfied, but cannot answer 
their desires without a new warrant. Reipiests the commission may 
sjieedil}' be sent to Sec. Dorcliester. 

[March ;).] ."7. Ini.N's by Boswell of the situation of the proposed settlement 
(if Cariilina ; the number (if families to be trans[i(jrte(-l ; fortresses 
to be erected. [French. v:riW n on ihc hlouh s[,l,: of afi\i<jment of 

March '). 58. Commission to Sir Humphrey May, Sir John Coke, Sir Julius 

Wcstminsiir. Ca'sar, and Sir Hen. Marten, to di.scover what goods, merchandise, 

and other things liave been taken by Cajit. David Kirke fi-om the 

French, from the fjrt of Quebec, the College of Jesuits, and a French 

vessel. \_Enfjrossed copy.^ 

March 7. 59. Capt. Rich. Plumleigh to Lord Carlisle. Met at Cadiz, Geo. 
The Donne, Lieut. Hay and five or six others, hostages for the ships lent 

Converiive. ^^^ jj^^^ Frederlco de Toledo for transportation of the planters 
upon the islands belonging to Carlisle, and iiromised that he would 
solicit liis Lordshi]! t(j hasten their delivei-y. Found them in gi-eat 
want, and relieved them both with advice and money. [On 2nd 
rdareh jii'evious Francis Brooke writes to Sec. Coke from Ports- 
mouth, that he conceives a Spanish bottom which brought home 
jKisseugers from St. Christopher's ought to be confiscated to the 
King, although it is pretended it belongs to the passengers, as 
given by the enemy to bring them home. [Domestic C'orresp. 
Car. I., Vol. CLXIL, Ko. lO.J 


1630. ^'"^■^• 

March 11. 6(1 Articles demanded of the xVttorncy General by the Earon de 
Sance, to he inserted m his grant from the Kino-, respecting tlie limits, 
riglits, and privileges in the intended settlement of Carolina. French. 
{^Draft, corrected hy Bosiveli] 

[March 11,] f!l. Another draft of the preceding articles, thongh soniewliat 
fuller. French. 

March 11. (\-2. Fair copy of articles similar in sulistauee to tlio preceding, Imt 
considerably fuller ; with reasons in tavour of their 1 icing complied 
■with. French. 

[March 11.] G?,. Articles in Engli.^ii. almost a translation of No. Gl. 

[March.] Gi. Articles agreed upon between tlie Attorney (leneral ar.d 
Baron de .Sance concerning the settlement of Carnlina. French. 
[Draft by I)e So. ace, with corredlom.] 

ilarch ? G-'). Directions to Mons. Bonnavolia [i Bclavene] for a voyage to, 

and settling a jjlantation under 35th degree Nor. iat. Course to be 
taken by the pilot. Choice of land for tiio plantation. Twelve 
acres of ground to be prepared by 1st September. Gren.t beans, 
French beans, and seeds of all sorts, principally anniseed, to be sown. 
To Uve in peace with the Indian,s. To obtain materials and bnild a 
house of two stories, and, v/hen tlie .ship has left, four towers for forti- 
fication, for which the most minute details are set down, and rough 
plans drawn in the margiii. In case of an enemy, forty men to be 
armed with guns and pikes, " upon sight of whom they will run 
away." Overtures of friendship to the natives; selection of presents. 
Duty of the Governor to divide the men into four companies, each to 
have a Ciuartermaster, three for tlie English, and one for the French. 
Punishment for neglect of duty or quarrelling. Prayers every 
Sunday. Every man to lay his hand upon the Bible, and thereby 
acknowledge himself a true Protestant and faithful to his commander. 
King, and country. Dressing of provisions and c^uautity to be 
allowed. No female cattle, nor eggs to be eaten. The Governor 
and quartermasters to govern the comjianies. Strict guard to be 
al\va3-s kept. Prevention of Rules to be observed in the 
construction of ditches for defence, and salt pits. The Governor and 
c^uartermasters to have the choice of settling either in the o4th or 
Soth degree " both being very good places." 

March ? G6. Regulations [hy Baron de Sance] to be observed by all French 

Protestants wishing to settle in Carolina. To have certificates from 
their respective pastors in France, which will be attested by the 
Ministers of the French Church in London, and for which Attorney 
General Heath will deliver to each a certificate in exchange. 
Names and vocation to be written in a book. When arrived in the 
plantation all will give up tlieir certificates to the Deputy and any 
found without will be reputed strangers [estrangers] and sent back 
again. French. 



Vol. V. 

Mai'ch ? G7. RiUes [hy De Sance ?] for those who go to dwell iu Carolina" 
None going over the first two or three years to pay for the passage 
of themselves or their goods. Every man with servants to con- 
tribute 10/. to the public store, those without, what the Council think 
fit. A Council to be chosen with the Governor as President. Those 
going from France or Holland to have certificates of their religion 
and good conduct. 

March ? 68. Proposals [by the Baron de Sance]. Many Protestant 

families in France and England wish to settle in i^some part either 
of New England or Virginia, in 36^ deg. [altered from 37th], 
upon a river where they can traflic in silk and other merchandise. 
Solicits the King's assistance with a ship, cannon, and ammu- 
nition, also pikes and muskets for .500 men, having found mer- 
chants and gentlemen who will support the plantation under 
His Majesty's authority. Advantages to be gained. Great quanti- 
ties of mulberry trees for silkworms. [French. Endorsed, by Sec. 
Coke, "Mons. Sance's proposition to carry 100 men to plant upon 
the river St. Jaques to the south of Virginia. Speak with Lord 
Keej)er about releasing the Jesuits, discharge of Fr. Griffin. Inquire 
what forwardness the ships and provisions are in."] 

>Larcli ? 60. Mem. [by De Sanc(^] of the limits of Jiis proposed grant for 

CariiHna, and the conditions to be ob.served by those who wish to 
settle in the Province. Not more than 100 or 1.50 settlers to be 
sent over the first year, and labourers, artizans, and skilful seamen 
only to be sent during the next two or three years. French. 

March ? 70. Project for ai.lvancing tlie intended plantation [oi Carolma ?] 

by collecting from every communicant in England one penny befoi-e 
he receives the sacrament ; the money to be paid to the treasurer for 
the ]i]antation. The Bishops to require from every minister upon 
oath, the number of communicants in his respective parish. 

March? 71. Belavene to Boswell. Proposed generrd order concerning the 

privileges of those going out as servants to the province [of 
Carolina]. French. 

[March.] 72. Mem. liy De Sanc^ of the number of men he hopes to 
take out on the first voyage to Carolina, including a minister, car- 
penters, ship builders, locksmiths, bricklayers, masons, bakers, cooks, 
a tailor, bootmaker, apothecary, and barber, serving men, and others 
for discovery ; total, 81 persons. The provisions and the several 
duties they will have to perform. French. 

[March.] 73. A particular [by De Sance] of the apparel, victuals, arms, tools, 
and liousehold implements necessary for one person or for a family- 
settling in Carolina; the charges for -50 men are estimated at 

1 630. 


Vol. V. 

[March 12.] 74. List of .si.K [Frencli] ships that are making ready for Canada ; 
tlieir burden, names of commanders, and the ports where they are 
preparing. [Duplicate of an inclosure in a despatch from De Vic, 
from Paris, who states tliat great diligence is being u.sed in tlie 
preparation of eight ships, two for St. Christopher's and the other 
six foi- Coast Guards ; but that the Canada Company, by importunate 
complaints, lias obtained from the French King and his Council, the 
use of the six Garde Costes to be employed for the recovery of 
Canada. The inclosed list, De Vic says, was received from a good 
hand with an as.surance that the French King is at the greatest part 
of the charges of the expedition. See Corresp. Frajs'CE, of this date.] 

March 16. Francis Bas.sett to the Privy Council. Has examined Capt. 
Tehidie. Regiiold, Avho, with his ship the Francis of Havre de Grace, and 
company, was arrested in the name of Thos. Littleton and others, 
merchants of London, together with the English who came from 
St. Christopher's in other ships. Finds that Kegnold's commission 
was not dated a month after Genei'al Le Cusac's retm-n fi-om thence, 
but that he was at Barbadoes when the massacre was committed by 
Le Cusac, and that when he sailed I'rom St. Christopher's, seven or 
eight and twenty daj's after the execution, Le Cusac's fleet was at 
St. Eustatius ; all of which confirms his having no dependence on 
that general. Knows of no other cause fur the detention of Regnold 
or his ship. Awaits their Lordships' fuiiher orders. [Domestic 
Corresp. Car. I., Vol. CLXIIL, Xo. 3.] 

March 19. 7-3. Articles agreed upL;n l)etween AttoruLy [Gen. Heath] and De 
Sancc respecting the settlement iu Carolina ; copy of which, as 
endorsed by De Sance, he had sent into France. Latin. [Draft, 
lulth corrections by De Sarice, endorsed also hy Bosivell.'] 

^ 630 ? 76. Richard Sandes to [Sec. Coke ?]. A long discourse, inter- 

sjiersed with Scriptural quotations, upon the advantages to England 
of sending people to the plantations in New England ; many desi- 
rous to go, if some good way were taken to carry them over, who 
would further the conversion of the savages. Begs to be employed 
there if his Lordship should send anj^ people to Kew England. 

1G30. 77. Narrative [addi-essed to Sec. Coke?] concerning the settlement 

of New England. The French claim it as being the first disc<:iverer.s. 
Jaccjues Cartier called it Nova Francia, but never attempted to 
plant there. In 1603 the French King granted a patent tn Mons. de 
Monts, of that coimtry, lying between 40 and 46 dcgrii s [i .f Lit itude]. 
The French made three unsuccessful attempts to discivcr Massa- 
chusetts Bay. An old Protestant Frenchman on a tisliing ^-inage 
was cast away, and escaped to the shore of the bay. He lived 
with the Indians about two years, and used every means to convert 
them from the worship of the Devil to Christianity, without avail. 
He prophesied that God would destroy them, and the following year 
they were visited with the plague, which continued three yeai-s, 
and swept away almost all the people for about 60 miles along the 


1(130. ^''^^- ^• 

sea-coast. In l<i2.S aliout 120 emigrants set out to plant in Dela- 
ware Lay, but were forced, by cross winds, t(j laml about 25 miles to 
the south of Massachusetts, and tliere they c-t.ililislii'il a colony which 
begins to thrive, having increased to abnut "idO iicople. This year 
Mr. Winthrop, witli G sliips and 1,000 people lauded at Massachu- 
setts, having sent, two years before, between three and four hundred 
servants to provide houses and corn, which through idleness they 
neglected to do. Satisfactory progress of the colony. The providence 
of God worthy of observation. 

[Ifi.'lO.] 78. Names of the principal undertakers for the plantation of the 

]\I;issachiisetts Bay, that are themselves gone over with their wives 
and children. John Winthrop, Governor, and tlu-ee of his sons ; 
Sir Rich. Saltonstnll and five children ; Isaac Johnson, Lady 
Arbella his wife, and ilr. Charles Fines, si.ster and brother to the 
Earl of Lincoln ; ilr. Dudley, his wife and six children ; Coddington 
and Avife ; Piucheon, wife, and two daughters ; Vassall and wife, and 
Mr. Ilevell. Endorsal, " For the Et. Hon. Lord Carleton." 

A]n'il 2. 79. Order of the Pi ivy Council. The merchant adventurers to 

Wliitfliiill. C'anada and Mons. De Caen and all on that side to be admitted on 
Monday next before the Lord Mayor, to make an offer for the beaver 
skins now in dispute between them. The money to be deposited, liy 
those who offer the most, with the Lord Mayor, until it is deter- 
mined to whom it shall ln' paid. [C'W'A] 

[April 7.] 80. List of the names of the Captains bound for Canada in six 
ships belonging to the King of France, to be ready to set sail in six 
weeks at furthest. Identical with those noted in No. 7-1, viz., Cliev. 
de Montigny [Admiral of the Fleet], Chev. de St. Clair [Monteclair ? 
in above], Sieur de Nest of Fecamp, Sieur de Lombards, 
Capt. Daniell, and Capt. Arnaud. [De Vic inclosing a similar list in 
a despatch from Paris of this date says, that he received it from 
a good hand, and that other preparations go on but slowly for want 
of money. See Corrcsp. FRA^X'E.] 

April [). 81. James Cambell, Lord Mayor of London, to Sir. Hen. Marten. 
Has called the parties before him according to an Order in Council 
of 2nd April. [See ante. No. 79.] Mons. De Caen having olfcred 
25s. per lb. for the beaver skins, to which the adventurers of Canada 
have agreed, he will appoint a person to weigh and deliver them. 

Ai>ril 0. Order tjf the Privy Council. The beaver skins to be counted, 

Whittliall. weighed, and given up by Sol. Sniitjj, Marshal of the Admiralty, to 

Abrah. Taylor for the Lord Mayor, who is to deliver them to M. De 

Caen upon receipt of the money, after the rate of 2os. per lb. 

{Copy. Colonial Corrcsp., 1(330, April 2.] 

[April 13.] 82. Account of the number df men, robust, and courageous, and 
skilful in agriculture, also soldiers \\ho liave served in Holland, 


1680. ^<^^- ^• 

togetlier with magazine of clothing, arms, ammunition, and ])ro- 
visions, kc, whicli Mons. Vassall thinlis necessary to send to Vir- 
ginia. French. Endorsed by Bosivell, " Eec<^ 13 Ap. 1630." 

April 1.5. Sec. Dorchester to Sir Isaac Wake, Ambassador in France. Mons. 
De Chateauneuf seemed to go away ill satisfied that he could not 
obtain a direct promise from the King for the restitution of Port 
Royal, adjoining Canada, where some Scotchmen are planted, imder 
the title of Nova Scotia. This plantation was authorized liy King 
James, although not begun imtil towards the end of the war with 
France. Chateauneuf having earnestly pressed King Charles that 
all should be put in the same state as before the war. His Majestj', 
without refusing or granting, has taken time to advise of it. Tlie 
King is content that Quebec should be restored, but this advertise- 
ment is only for Wake's information. [Copy. Con-es}:). France.]^ 

A])ril 1.5. 83. Gov. Sir John Harvey to Sec. Dorchester. Arrived at 
\'iigin;ii. Virginia after a long and tedious passage, by reason of a leaky ship ; 
was forced to go to Cape Verd, where he found about 40 Holland 
ships bound to the West Indies, which were nearly taking his ship 
with them. The heat of the climate caused a general sickness 
throughout their company, and this great sickness prevented him 
calling an Assembly until the week before Easter. Found the 
people miserably perplexed for want of corn, which they had 
generally neglected to plant. An act was passed to augment the 
fjuantity of corn, and restrain the excess of tobacco. It was agreed 
to make a fortiticalion at Point Comfort, and to continue the wars 
against the natives. Propositions were made for setting forward 
divers staple commodities ; hopes next year to give good account 
of them. Purpofses to survey the coimtry this summer. Has 
alread3^ notwithstanding his weakness, made a journey to the 
iron works, which the Indians have demolished. Hopes to discover 
a saltpetre mine in the Bay. Will find out if there be any silver 
mines. Excuses himself for not writing to the Privy Council 

April ? S^. Memorial [from the government of Virginia]. To supplant 

English tobacco, whicli hinders the sale of Virginian, and will 
cause the plantations to be deserted, and iitterly disabled from 
planting useful commodities. To order that all masters of ships 
give bond to the Governor of Virginia to take all commodities 
laden from that colony to England. Endorsed by Sec. Dor- 
chester, "The Government of Virginia's Memorial." 

April ? 8.5. Petition of Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia, to the 

Privy CounciL On las arrival, he found the colony engaged in a 
uece.ssary war with the natives, which has exhausted all their pow- 
der, nor can the store he took over last long. Pra}-s that two or 
three lasts may be sent by the next ships. 

April 20. 86. Instructions by way of indentui-e lietweeu the King ami Sir 
Robert Heath, to be observed in the ])lantation of Carolina ; no 



] (330. ^''"''- ^'• 

aliens to be allowed to settle without special direction, nor any but 
Protestants who conform to the discipline of the Church of England ; 
all former instructions to be void ; these only to remain in force 
according to the King's patent of 20 Oct. 1629. [Co^'^/.J 

April ? Petition of Humplirey Slauey, Nicholas Crisp and William Cleb e r y 

\-^i''], merchants, to the Privy Council. In Jan. 1G29 they sent the 
Uenedictiou of London, 300 ton.s, to trade to the river of Senaga 
[Stiicgal] in Guinea " being their accustomed trade," but she was 
.surprised l)y a French man of war in the June following, and carried 
by Capt. Bontemps to Dieppe, to the petitioners' loss of more than 
20,000/. Pray for relief upon such French goods as are now under 
sequestration, or for letters of reprisal. [Do.MESTic Corresp. Car. I., 
Vol. CLV., Ko. 59, Col.'p. 145.] 

April ? 87. Petition of General De Caen to the Privy Council Capt. Kirke 
and his company will neither give up the beaver skins, for which 
the petitioner has oflered the highest price, nor the keys of the 
warehouse to the Lord ilayor, as may appear by his certificate 
annexed. Prays tliat they may be speedily delivered to him or his 
assigns, and Capt. Kirke and company condemned to pay all costs 
and damages. Annexed, 

&7. I. Jumes Caonhell, Lord Mayor of London, to the Privy 
Council. Has received their order of 9th April. Capt. 
Kirke refuses to give iip the keys if the warehouse wherein 
the heaver skins are. Perceives they will not he delivered 
to Be Caen until further orders from their Lordship)s. 
Jaques Reynard appointed to act for De Caen, who 
cannot stay longer in England. 1630, April 28. 

87. II. Affidavit of Wil. De Caen, Lord of La Motte, General of 
the Fleet cif Kcvj France, for costs and damages. With 
authority to Reynard to receive the heaver skins. 1630, 
April 12. 

87. III. Affidavit of " Josua Mainet," puhlic notary, thcd he 
appliedj to Mistress Kirke, widoiu of Jarvis Kirke, to 
Capt. David Kirke her son, to Wil. Berkeley and Roht. 
Charlton, Merchant Adventurers of Canada, hut can- 
not ohtain the keys of the warehouse wherein arc the 
heaver skins. 

May 1. 88. Baron de Sanc^ to Will. Boswell. Illness has prevented him 

seeing Boswell. Begs that he will trim up [dresser] "om- articles," 
inform Sec. Dorchester of the agreement that has been made, and 
obtain an order from the King for some arms, in lieu of De Sanc^'s 
pension. Time presses. Has received news from Plymouth from 
Capt. Bourquier. If he obtains the arms will make BosweU a 
pi-esent of twenty muskets. Dorchester told De Sance that he very 
much appro\ed of their design [qu'il atfectionnoit fort cela] French. 
La aliasion to the pro2)osed settlement in Carolina, see Itis letters. 


1G30. ^^"^•^^■ 

cCc. in March lyrevious. [On 2-t Feb. 16-28, the King granted to 
Antoine de Sance, a Frenchman, a pension of 100/. per annum, 
during pleasiu-e. See Sign Manual Car. I., Vul. V., Xo. 53.] 

May 3. 89. Depositions of Dan. Fallon, Rich. Carpenter, and Gregory 
French, taken before Sir Thos. Warner, Governor of St. Christopher's, 
and the rest of his Council, viz. ; Captains Thos. PoweU, Will. 
Epps, and John Hagthorpe, Herbert Blount, John Featlye Minister, 
Will. Brett, Thos. WiUiams, Steph. Stokes, Will. Jackson, and John 
Avison, concerning certam speeches spoken by Greg. French tending 
to the dishonour of the King. 

May 1-5. .90. Articles of agi'eement between George Lord Berkeley and 
William Boswell, Samuel Vassall, Hugh L'Amy and Peter De Licques, 
for the settlement of Carolina, in S-1, -So, and 36 degrees of Nor. 
lat. Lord Berkeley, holding the lands from Attorney General 
Heath, vrith full power to people, plant, and dispose, appoint officers 
and estal)lish laws, the above are to have liberty to plant any part 
within those limits, with the advantage of removing the plantation 
elsewhere witliin twelve months. To hold in free soccage, paying 
20tli part of profits yearly, liy way of quit rent. Every plantation to 
consist of ten square miles, and 50 men at least to be settled 
within the year of their first begiiming to plant. Power to appoint 
a Governor every three years. No appeal except to the General 
Assembly of the province. Sole transportation of people and 
merchandise. Monopoly of making salt, upon payment of a tenth 
part to Berkeley. Power to assign half of tlieir lands planted to 
others, for a yeai-ly rent of a tenth part of the profits, or a twentieth 
part to Berkeley, the other half to be fi'ee to them and their heirs 
for ever. [Draft, vjith corrections hy Bosivell.'] 

May? 91. Articles of agreement between Boswell, Vassal], L'Amy, and 

De Licques, concerning the settlement of CaroJina. Each to send 
over an equal number of servants and workmen and none to separate 
from the other, for the first ten years, upon pain of forfeiting every 
privilege. Boswell and Vassall to have one-third, and L'Amy and 
De Licques two-thirds of the passage money of any " out of their 
association " attempting to go over in other than their ships. Ex- 
clusive right to appoint Governors, officers of justice, militia and 
poUce. Sole privilege to make salt for ever. Method of keeping 
and auditing their accounts. French. 

May ? 92. Another copy of articles somewhat similar to the preceding, 

with addition of the supplies which [De Sauce ?] will adventm-e. 
French. [Endorsed h// Do Sance.'] 

May IS. Warrant to the Lord Mayor and Sherilfs of London to break 
open the doors of tlie warehouse wherein are the beaver skins, and 
see them delivered to Gen. De Caen or his assigns, in case the 
merchants trading for Canada refuse to deliver iqi the keys. [Copy. 
Colonial Corresp., 1630, April 2.J 

COTX)XIAL rAPEKS. ^'«^-^^- 

Way 29. 93. Governor Harvey to Sec. Dorchester. Kespecting tlie King's 
Virginia, instructions sent Ijy Will. Capps, refers him to letters sent to the 
late Earl of Marlborough. Capt. Fran. West, then Governor, Crpt. 
Will. Claybnurne, then secretary, and Capt. Will. Tucker, one of the 
Council when these things were in agitation, are now in England 
and mny inform the King therein. Many grievous comjjlaints 
having been made against Dr. Jolm Pott, a physician who was elected 
Governor after Capt. West's departure for England, has confined 
him to his plantation seven miles fi-om James City, and proposes to 
proceed with the charges according to the King's instructions. Re- 
capitulates his previous letter [see ante 'p. 113, No. 83 j. It has 
Ijeen agreed to plant Chesapeak, situate upon Pamonkey, next 
spring, whereby they will face their greatest enemy Apjiochan- 
keno and dis;il)le the savages. The colony has above 1,200 neat 
cattle, besides swine and goats, which he will by all means seek to 
preserve from tiie Indians. Desires that tlie customs of one ship of 
above 200 or 300 tons may be allowed him annually towards his 
charges. Incloses, 

93. I. The King to Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia. On 

his arrival in the colony lie is cspi'eiaUy (Jutrgiil to call 

fui' {hose i,i4rurtio,>s fermrrhi y, i,l hi/ ]\-iUn(Ui C-i/'/is, f,, 

tule uo cnirt aceoinit'nf 'I' h.'s h,Ti, ,ln„r ihereii,, awl 

to (.niiiii iic into the "many cumplaints ,>f 'iiuiinj notaMc 

ofijir>ssi<jiis done there, es'pecially to the sniil Wil. Capps." 

Jj any ly the Council shall fall out fn /-<• iftinilrrs, to 

prorrcd the more roundly against tliem, Ihiir (iffcncrs 

brl,i</ of the worst example. Oatlands, 1(329, Aio/. 10. 


M.ay 29. 94'. Governor Harvey to Secretary Dorcliester. In favour of 

Virginia. Ca}it. Sam. Mathews who has been one of the Council many years, 

and has solely undertaken the erection of a fort at Point Comfort, 

at the entrance of James river. Incloses copy of the King's letter, 

promising to I'eward all deserving planters, and requests, in Capt. 

Mathewfs' behalf, that he may have the customs of his own tobacco 

gained by liis own industry, for one or two year.s, otherwise he must 

be a great loser in his undertaking. Incloses, 

9i. I. The King to Sio- John Harvey, Governor of Virgin i((. It 
is His Majesty's intention to take the Colony into his 
royal prolection ; to confirm all lands and privileges 
formerly granted, having already assigned a proportion 
of money for maintenance of the Governor, and other 
p)uhlic uses; and to reward all deservioig planters. 
Requires the Governor and Council "to cherish, and 
respect such 'p<"rsons as intend to make Virginia thiir 
coiriitry ;" to return tJtcir ronirncdities to England and 
'not else vlaire ; to adminislrr jnMiri: impartially ; and 
to SCI' tliat certain i ns/ rnrliony. .signed by the Privy 
Conni'il for the i/oirm no n I of the pla nAotion , are care- 
fnlly otji^rccd. Wiiolsor, MVlk, t^.^d. \± [Copy.] 


1630. Vol. V. 

May 29. 95. Gov. Harvey to the Privy Council. Was unable to 
Virginia. attend to the affairs of the colony until the week before Easter, by 
reason of a long passage and dangerous sickness. He then called an 
Assembly at James City, -when it was resolved to send to Chesapeak 
Bay to trade for corn, the colony being greatly in want of it. Measures 
have been taken to prevent a similar streight next year, and Dr. 
John Pott had been upon his arrival elected Gov. by the Council. 
Has confined him to his house at Harrope, to answer the charges of 
pardoning wilful murder, and reinvesting the murderer with his 
estate, after a legal condemnation. Sends samples of rape-seed and 
potashes. Has not had leisure to take a general muster of the 
colony. The inhabitants estimated at upwards of 2,500, neat 
cattle about 1,200, besides large quantities of swine and goats. 
The Assembly have restrained the planting of tobacco by a third less 
than the preceding year. They have ordered an increase of corn to 
be sown ; and a fort to be erected at Point Comfort, for 12 or 16 
pieces of ordnance, which it is hoped will be mounted before Christ- 
mas next ; all to be at the expense of the colony. Complains of the 
merchants who buy their tobacco at less than Id. per lb. and charge 
12L the ton for freiglit to England. Solicits some assistance towards 
his expenses. Incloses, 

95. I. I)r. John Pott's investment of Eclimnl WalUs, late of 
Archer Hope, Virginia, condemned for wilful murder. 

95. II. Xdjrtcs of the Council on the arrival of [Sir John 
ITorveii] in Viiyinia. Dr. John Pott, Governor, Capt. 
Sam. Matheics, and Wil. Ferrar ; cdso, names of those 
who he has since sxoorn of the Council. Capt. John 
West, Hen. Finch, Christ. CovAing, Cap>t. Rich. Stephens, 
Capt. John Utle, and Ccqjt. Nath. Basse. 

May ? 96. Mem. The Freucli Ambassador desires that Capt. Kirke and 

Ills associates, who have broken open the warehouse where the 
beaver skins from Canada were deposited under the Admiralty 
seal, may be punished by imjirisonment, and ordered to make 
restitution within tiiree days of 6,000 skins, which they acknow- 
ledged to have brought from thence. French. 

May ? 97. English translation of the preceding. 

June 2. Minute of the Privy Council. Thos. Fittz, merchant, having been 

WhitebaU. committed to the Fleet prison for embezzling beaver skins from 

a warehouse, the Attorney General is requii'ed to discover who were 

actors or abettors therein, and what monies Fittz had received 

for the sale of the skins. [Copy. Colonial Corresp., 1630 A2)ril 2.] 

June 16. Order of the Privy Council for the Attorney General to proceed 
against Thos. Fittz in the Star Chamber for " great contempt and 
affi-ont of all authority and justice." He is to remain a prisoner 
in the Fleet, and not to be sufi'ered to go abroad. [Copy. Colonial 
Corresp., 1630, April 2.] 



] G30. 
July 9. 


July ] -k 

July IC. 


July IG. 
July '2'J. 


Vol. V. 

Onler ol tiie Privy Council. The Lords having heard the 
Attorney General's report upon the examination of Thos. Fittz, 
he is to be jiemiitted to go abroad with a keeper to perform 
Avliat he has ofiered, particularly to deposit with the Lord Mayor 
the beaver skins A\-]iich he had taken from the place Avhere they 
were formerly deposited liy order of the Board. [Coiry. Colonial 
Corresp., 1630, April 2.] ' 

Order of the Pri\-y Council upon the petition of Thos. Fittz, 
merchant, prisoner in the Fleet, who, having recovered all the beaver 
skins at great loss, prays to be discharged from imprisonment. Upon 
examination of the truth, the Attorney General is authorized to 
release the petitioner. [Copy. Colonial Corresp., IGSO, April 2. 
This and the previous papers with tliis reference are attached, and 
endorsed by Sec. Dorchester, "Acts of Council concerning the business 
of Canada."] 

98. Goveiiinr Harvey to Sec. Dorchester. Sends petition to the 
King- in favour of Dr. John Pott, who he found Governor, the only 
physician in the colony and skilled in epidemical diseases. Has re- 
spited the censui-e until the King's pleasm-e should be known, 
more especially as sickness so much abounds amongst them. Entreats 
his fm-theriince of the same. Incloses, 

98. I. Petition of Sir John Harvey to the King. Sets forth 
the recoriiinendation of the Council in favour of 
Dr. John Pott, who, found guilty of divers capital 
ofcnces, his estate has become forfeit to His Majesty. 
Prays, in considercdion of his long residence in the 
colony, his penitence, and the vcdue of his services, that 
Dr. Pott may he 'pardoned and his estate be restored to 
Oy. Petition of Sir John Harvey to the King. Copy of the 
preceding inclosure. Endorsed, " Per Mr. Shaw." 

] 00. AVilliam Hele, Mayor of PljTnouth, " and his Ijrethren " to 
the Pri\-y Council. A sliip [the David] of Lubeck, Captain John 
Ire, has arrived from the West Indies with 300 English, taken by 
Don Frederico, the General at St. Christopher's, who, about a month 
since, put them aboard Ire's ship, with command to land them in 
Eu'daud, and with a letter to the chief officer of the port where he 
should arrive for his respective usage. They landed 23rd inst., all 
naked and many sick ; those able to travel have been clothed and 
sent to their several places of abode, the residue will be taken care 
of during their sickness. Incloses, 

100. I. The letter of Don Frederico de Toledo, above referred to. 
100. II. Eanmination of Peter Starhj of Corl: On Sejyt. 7, 1629, 
St. Christopher's u-as taken by 28 Spanish galleons and 
700 men and, hoys from thence carried to Carthagcna, 
where they arrived isth Oct. The English uere taken to 
the Huvanna on otli March 1630, and dispersed in 


1630. ^'^"- ^- 

several Simnish vcst^cls. Movements of the Dutch and 
Spanish fleets, the latter leaving the Havanna vAth 
sidceib Enrjllslb millions of gold and silver. All the 
Eiiglisli., save some feiv runagates, being 550, were init 
aboard tivo shij^s, the David of LtibecJ:, tahing 300, and 
a Uamburgher the remainder. On 22 June, the SjMuish 
General offered the English clothes if they ^uoidd go to 
S/xcin, but they, desiring to go to England, could not 
obtain any. On ^th Jidy, these two vessels left the 
Spanish fleet betiveen 33 and 34 degrees, and on 22 July, 
the Lubeckcr arrived at Plymouth, having lost the 
Uamburgher a, iveeh before at sea. IGSO, Jidy 29. 

[Aug.] lOL Notes in the hanchvriting of Sec. Lord Dorchester, upon 

the cause of Sir Wil. Tufton, Governor of Barbadoes. Apparently ab- 
stracts of examinations and letters containing an account of the 
conspiracies against Tufton's govei'nment, from his arrival in Sept. 
1629, with commission from Lord Carlisle, dated 25th May 1629, 
to be Governor for four years " upon good behaviour," to August 
] 630, when Tufton and " two others " were shot by martial law, liy 
order of Capt. Haley, who also received a commission as Governor 
from Lord Carlisle on 15 March, 1630 with power to establish a 
Council, and depose Tuftou " l_)y force if need be." 

Sept. 9. 102. The Council of Scotland to the King. The pretended title 
iloiyroodllouscof the French to New Scotland has been communicated to the 
States. They have presumed to make I'emonstrance thereon, and to 
supplicate the King seriously to take to heart the maintenance of 
his right to those lands ; and protect the midertakers in the peaceable 
possession of them. The States consider tliis a business which 
toucheth the King's honour, the credit of his native kingdom, and 
the good of his sulijects interested therein. The ]mrticidar reasons, 
in defence of His Majesty's right, are remitted to Sir Wil. Alexander, 
his secretary. [C'o^^iy.] Annexed, 

102. I. Reasons alleged by the Scottish Adventurers in defence 
of the King's right and. title to Port Roya.1 and the xvliole 
of Canada. &c. Discovery by Sebastian Cabot. Colonics 
planted by M. M. F/'' ,;■'.// ■■. ■■ ,id Rene Laudonnih-e, 
from u'liich they iverc ' • '' ' ; '•' SjHiniards. Planting 
of Virginia in the soi'^i'. <■/' ^< ■ England in tlic north, 
and of Ncvj Scotland by Justice Popham. Settlcixnt of 
Port Royal under M. Poidrincourt and subsequent dis- 
planting of the French by Sir Sam. Argoll ''as leaving 
wrongfully intruded themselves." No compjlaint by 
France; His Majesty's title evidently thought good. 
Subsequent settlement of the French id Quebec, and their 
compulsory removalhy a ccnnmission from King Chccrles. 
A Scotch colony planted at Port Royal, uhich had never 
been repossessed or claimed by the French since they vjiere 
first removed from thence. Port Royal cannot be mada 


ru<hh' to the articles of ',>mce ; vo act of hostn;t>/ eom- 
mitted thereby. Aclnmrl, ,l,pn,i,t Inj tin' imt'ins ,f K'ukj 
Charles's title, as uIno h;/ Muns. il,' La Tmir, l'<>iitm<i mlrr 
of the feio remalii'niii Frn>ch at V<>rl Jioi)<il. _ 7//.s 
Majesty's promise to -prutect them. The Kliuj's rUjht to 
Neiv Seotland founded therefore xvpon discovery, ^"-'wcs- 
Kion hy his ov-ii .■<}di'inAs, removal of the French, aial La 
Toars'-turniuij iv',a(,d:' 

Si'iit. ? ] 0:1 Petition of C'apt. Jolm Preen to tlie Privy Council. Eighteen 

luniitlis since he sold the Tryal of London to Capt. Will. Smith, for 
400/., who was unable to complete the purchase, so that the peti- 
tioner is now setting lier forth for Virgmia with artificers for the 
good of the plantation. Capt. Smith having arrested the ship as his 
own, the petitioner prays that orders may he given to take his bail 
to answer the unjust arrest, and that the ship may be apjiraised by 
four of the Trinity House. 

Sipt. I.J. 10-i. AVarrant of the Privy Council, upon petition of Captain 

\vi;iteliull. John Preen, directing Sir Henry Marten to order four Masters of 

the Trinity House to appraise the Tryal of London, and take bail of 

Capt. Preen, and then suffer the ship witli her passengers and 

lading to proceed on her intended voyage to Virginia. 

Sept. 21-. 10.5. Mons. Belaveno to Boswell. Hopes that Mons. Vassall 
CaiiiciLuiy. Ijas transmitted a memorial from Belavene to solicit Capt. Bourquier 
to engage salt workers [ouvriers de sel]. The Sieur de Sancd also 
imdertook this business. Prays that God will bless and send them 
news of the first embarkation. No time to be lost about the next, 
if they wish to reap honour and profit. If the saltmen cannot be 
had from Plymouth, they must send at great exjiense to Rochelle, 
expressly for them. French. [See ante, p. 114, iVo. 8s.] 

[Sept. 29.] 106. Petition of Samuel Aldersey, Matthew Cradock, Nath. 
Wright, Jo. Humphrey, and others on behalf of the Governor and 
Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England to the Privy 
Council. By letters patent of 4 March 1629 they were privileged to 
carry over men and provisions to begin and settle a plantation in 
those parts, and freely to import commodities from thence for seven 
years. The ships freighted this year for the plantation, carried more 
passengers than were expected, " many poor people pressing aboard," 
with cattle, but no proxasions ; and the petitioners, depending too 
much upon the industry of their servants, sent less victuals than 
were requisite. Througli slothfuluess and neglect in planting corn 
many have died, and the rest, about 1,000 persons, are afraid 
of being surprised by the savages, wiio have been supplied with 
gun.s, powder, and shot, by a most perniciqus trade with interlopers. 
Pray for licence for one year, to transport necessary provisions for 
the sustenance of those residing upon tiie plantation. The country 
cannot supply them until the end of next summer. And that the 
proclamation of C Nov. 1G22 [see ante, -p. 33], for the pre- 



Vol. V. 

vention of disorderly trade, may be renewed. [On '20 Sept. liiSO 
tlii.s petition was presented to the Privy Council, who granted licence 
for the exportation of certain provisions specified [see Council 
Register VI., p. 118], and on 24 Nov. following, the proclamation 
above referred to was renewed. Seep. 122.] 

[Sept. 29.] 107. Petition of Capt. William Smith to the Privy Council. In 
answer to a petition lately exhibited by Capt. John Preen against 
him for prejudicing Preen in an intended voyage to Vii-ginia in the 
Tryal, iipon which their Lordships have directed the ship to be 
apipraised and given up to Preen. Prays in resjject of the 
dependency of the cause in the Admiralty Court ; of the great 
sums of money due to the petitioner and 20 other poor men ; of his 
being damnitied by Preen aliove 1,000?., and of Preen having pro- 
cured the order by false information ; that that order may be 
i-evoked, and the cause have a final hearing in the Admiralty Court. 
[On 29 Sept. 1630 the Privy Council ordered this petition to be 
referred to Sir Henry Marten for a final determination. See Council 
Register VI.,p.Ud.'] 

Sept. 30. 108. The Privy Council to Gov. and Council of Virginia. Send 
a petition presented by the lirother of Dr. Pott, " a man that hath 
been employed as you are," and require them to take it into con- 
sideration, and to give Ur. Pott a full hearing in such matters as he 
may be charged withal. Inclose, 

108. I. Petition of Eli:ahcth, on hrh.ilf nflwr Jn:sl,„,>,J Dr. Join 
Pott, late Goccrnnr of Vi mih io\ fn tl>- Ki,><,. She has 
unJertahn a h:n,g oiul ^hnigrrovs vo^fi.,. h, o/./.^l 

O.fojust the Vrninls dnue hrr h,lsb,nul. Thr ..,■,<„,;, n,l]n,i 

thereof having hern dehah'd before the Cminti^s lowers for 

Virginia in the hea ring of Rich. Tape, an agent sent over 

hg Hover nor ISir John. Harveg. there ajgHared no proof 

to justifg the proceedings agtiinst tier husband's life or 

estate. Having n-dh thiir fruddg resided in the colony 

above ten yrar^. j>r,ngs fhot Ijis .Mifsfg will send letters to 

the Governor and Council of Virginia by the next ship, to 

restore her husband to his liberty and estate, or it will be 

another year before they can be knotvn there. 

Oct. 109. [Mons. Belavene] to Boswell. Might muster with his friends, 

ten or twelve men, by engaging Capt. Borquier to go to Carolina, 

and will add ten or twelve more, which, joined with the other 

Frenchmen, would make some fifty or sixty men that Borquier 

would have under his command. The Capt. is indispensable to find 

two or three salt workers. Details respecting this proposition. 

It is nnderstood that the " Seigneur of Carolina" allows the French 

the same privileges as the English. Should Capt. Borquier fail, 

Capt. Foran, who also lives at Plymouth, is proposed as a substitute. 

French. Endorsed, " Belavene, FA 2i Nov. ] 630." 

Nov. 1 9. Jlinutes of a Meeting of Adventurers to the Islands of Providence 
Brooke House, and Henrietta. To increase their former adventure from 200/. to 


1G30. _ ^«-V- 

500?. ; amounts to l.>e paid hy each. The first voj'age of discovery 
undertaken in 1029 by the Earl of Warwick, Sir Nath. Rich, and 
others, "which stood them in 2,000 and odd pounds" to be 
discharged out of the first jiroceeds from those islands ; also the 
money already paid by those wishing to give up their shares. The 
Earl of Holland chosen Governor of the Company for the first yeai-, 
John Dike, deputy, John Pym, treasurer, and Wil. Jessop, secre- 
tary. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 1, 2.] 

Nov. 20. Order of the Company of Adventurers to the Bahamas. Mr. St. 
Brooki; House. John to be admitted a member. [Colonial Entrij Bk., Vol. III., 
p. 2.] 

Nov. 22. Minutes of a Meeting of the Company of Adventurers for Provi- 
Bruoke House, dence Island. Lords Warwick and Brooke to undertake the care of 
providing arms and ammunition for the Company's nse. Each 
adventurer to obtain as many men and boys as are willing to be 
employed in the Company's service ; to report their numlier to the 
deputy, who is to take care that as many as are thought good to be 
shipped be i-eady by 10 Jan. next. The first sort, labomers, to have 
half the profits of the land they cultivate, adventurers the other 
half; the second, artificers, to share also half their- profits with the 
Company, or else be allowed meat and drink, and 51. a year wages ; 
and the third sort, the apprentices, above 14< years of age, to be 
taken for a term of years, and allowed meat, and diink, and clothes, 
during then- apprenticeship, reasonable recompence to be given to 
those who " have any particular faculty." Artificers and labourers 
there to have the benefit of receiving such apprentices, upon 
paying for tools and clothes out of the Company's magazine. 
[Colonial Entry Bt, Vol. III., pp. 4, 5.] 

Nov. 23. Minutes as above. The government of the island of Providence 
Brooke Uouse. to be Settled upon Capt. Dan. Elfrith, " until the retm'n of this ship 
from the colony," when Capt. Phil. Bell is to be appointed sole 
Governor. Acknowledgment of Capt. Elfrith's good services. Al- 
lowance to Capts. BeU and Elfrith during the first year of BeU's 
government. Ministers sent over to have the choice of a salary of 
40/. a year, with meat and drink, until means are found to raise it 
to a greater value, or four servants and a cpiantity of ground. 
Capt. Elfrith to be Admiral, and next in precedence to the Governor ; 
Cajits. Elfrith and Sam. Axe, Messrs. Rudyerd, Rous, and Hugli 
Price, " -with such others as they should afterwards think of," to Iju 
the Council ; Sam. Axe, Capt. of Warwick Fort, already erected ; 
and Mr. Rudyerd to be Capt. of the Southern Fort when built, in 
the meantime to be Muster-Master General. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. Ill, pp. 2, 3.] 
Nov. 24. Proclamation forbidding disorderly trading with the savages in 
Whitehaik New England, especially furnishing the natives in those and otiier 
parts of America with weapons and habiliments of war. [Froda- 
inations, Car. I, No. 136.] 
[Nov. 2k] Minute uf the above. [Colonial Cvrr.sp, 1G07, Jan. 9.] 


1630. V«^- ^- 

Nov. 2.5. Minutes of a Meeting of Adventurers for Providence Island. 
Wartvick House. Capt. Elfritli to have but tbree-fLfths of the tobacco allowed him at 
the last meeting, and Capt. Sam. Axe the remaining tvvo-tifths. 
Six apprentices to be sent over at the sole charge of the Company 
to Capt. Axe, as a reward for his services as Deputy Governor, &c. 
[Colonw.l Entry BL, Vol III., x>p. 3, 4.] 

Dec. 2. Minutes as above. Sir Nath. Kich, John Pym, and John Dike 

Warwkk be kept harmless for two lionds of 30(J?. a-piece for the Com- 
pany's use. Christ. Sherland to be admitted an adventurer in the 
room of Gabriel Barber. Committee appointed for furtherance of 
the voyage now in hand. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., p. .5.] 

Dec. -k Patent to Kobt. Earl of Warwick, Hen. Earl of HoUand, Wil. 

Lord Say and Sele, Robt. Lord Brooke, John Robei-ts, Sir Ben. 
Rudyerd, Sir Gilbert Gen-ard, Sir Edw. Harwood, Sir Nath. Rich, 
Sir Edm. Mountford, John Pym, Rich. Knightley, Christ. Sherland, 
Oliver St. John, John Gourden, Gi'egory Cawsell, John Dike, John 
Grant, and others hereafter to be joined with tliem, of mcorpora- 
tion by the name of the Governor and Company of Adventurers for 
the Plantation of the Islands of Providence, Henrietta, and the 
adjacent islands, between 10 and 20 degrees of North latitude and 
290 and 310 degrees of longitude. The Earl of Holland to be first 
Governor of the Company ; John Dike, of London, merchant. Deputy, 
who in future is to be elected in every Easter term. Power to hold 
a com-t on the last Thursday of each term for ever, to be styled 
" the General Court of the Company," to ordain forms of govern- 
ment, and elect officers for the Company and colony ; hold ordinai'v 
courts at all times, make laws, erect forts, to-wns, &c. ; appoint 
officers, and ordain magistrates, judges, &c. ; to have full jm-isdiction 
of life and death ; transport men, women, and children, unless the 
King " shall expressly forbid any particular person or persons to 
the contrary ; " repel by force of arms all invaders ; execute martial 
law ; sole trade and right of habitation ; erect mints ; appoint a 
mint master, to strike into coin whatever metals, except gold 
and silver, and in what c^uantities and forms the Company shall 
appoint to be current among the inhabitants of those islands only ; 
administer the oaths of supremacy and allegiance ; the inhabi- 
tants resident and born there to be free denizens. The King 
promises to give his assent to these letters patent in case they are 
coniirmed by Parliament. [Colonkd Entry Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 1-10.] 

Dec. 4. Minutes of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

1(130. 110. "New England's Plantation, or a short and true 

Description of the Cojdiodities and Discojdiodities of that 
Countrey. Written by a reverend Divine now there resident. 
London. Printed by T. C. and R. C!. for Michael Sparke, dwelling 
at the signe of the Bleiv Bible in Greene Arhor, in the Httle Old 
Bailey. 1 630." hnperfed. [16 pp. and a Preface, siyncd M. S.'] 


Vol. V. 

1G3() ? HI. Propositions addressed to tlie King for a plantation upon an 

island not named, but described as seven leagues in length and live in 
breadth. Good climate, healthj', and fertile soil. Its present com- 
modities enumerated, as well as those that should be planted, and the 
several sorts of victuals it aflbrds. Good store of horses. Strength 
of the i.sland ; only two harbours, one capable of receiving 100 great 
sliips. Advantages of a plantation, convenient to receive a deet that 
has a design in any leeward part of the Indies, as Carthagena, Porto- 
bello, the Bay of Honduras, Hispaniola, Cuba, or Jamaica. About 
500 inhabitants, including women, Negroes, and Indians. Will 
maintain above 4,000 persons without any supply from England. 
Means necessary to take and secure possession. Three of the whelps 
with other vessels, 500 landsmen, and as many seamen required, at 
a cost of 12,000?. Compared with other plantations. Of all those 
southern the most important, and of necessary consequence to annoy 
tlie King of Spain in the Indies ; and without exception the most 
honourable, ser\'iceable, and profitable to the King and the common- 

1630? 112. Comi>laint of certain adventurers and inhabitants of New 

England, of the seizure of their ship the Fortune, by a French man 
of war, Capt. Fontenau de Pennart, who took Thomas Barton, 
master, and the rest of the Company prisoners to the Isle of Rhe, 
where the Marquis de Cera, the Go^'ernor, pillaged aU their goods 
in beaver skins, Szc, to the value of 500?., and treated them with 
the greatest indignities for thirteen days, when they were discharged. 

l630-3fi. Notes concerning Virginia ; Sir John Harvey Governor. Ui)on 
his arrival no other commodity but tobacco in the colony ; great 
want of corn. Di-. Pott, his predecessor, elected by the ]ieople, 
noted for his covetousness and pardoning wilful murdei-. Harvey 
began to plant rapeseed and potatoes. Ui)wards of 2,500 inhabitants. 
Order made for planting one third part less of tobacco, which was 
sold at less than Ic?. per lb. [Minute. Colonial Corrcs2h, IdOD, 
p. 1.] 

Vol. VI. 1631—1633. 


Jan. ? 1. The Privy Council to tlic Earl of Carlisle. The great abuse of 

tobacco, to the enervation of both body and courage, is so notorious 
that the King has dii-ected the planting of it to be limited in St. 
Christopher's, Barbadoes, and all places under Carli-sle's command, 
until such time as more staple commodities may be raised there. 
No other than sweet, wholesome, and well packed up tobacco to be 
exported, and that delivered at the poit of Loudon only. [Draft, in 
Sec. Gobi's hand.] 


manners nf th 

, E„.jU 


of t,,h,nx.:, r> 



Wit],i,l tin- ,ln, 



iriSl. Vol. VI. 

Jan. ? 2. Tlie Privy Council to the Governor and Company of the Somers 

I.sLands. Considering t!ie care taken to settle tlieir government, and 
encourage the inhabitants to plant real commodities, the King 
marvels that they apply themselves wholly to tobacco, and requires 
tiiem not to plant so much as they have hitherto done. Eveiy 
planter to have his proportion limited. Directions for exportation. 
[Braft, in Seo. Coke's hand.] 

Jan. ? 3. [Tiie Privy Council] to the Governor of Virginia. The King, 

careful to encourage ami support the plantation, has long expected 
some better fruit than tobacco and smoke to be returned from thence. 
[Gov. Harvey] is therefore directed to consider what quantity of 
tobacco is necessary for their support next year ; to rate every 
planter accordingly, and not suffer him to exceed his proportion. 
Inclose copy of His Majesty's proclamation, so that he may under- 
stand the care taken for regulating that drug. [Draft, in Sec. Coke's 
lainJ.] Inclose, 

3. I. Proclamation setfiia/ pnih the speedy ruin Hkehjtohefal 
the colonirs ,f Virilinia, th- Sohlers Ishi nd.^ ,i i,d ufh<r 
foreign pla „tati,n,.<, ,,„d thr .Lnufrr to //„- l,n./;rs ,,i,d 

thr planting or s.llin;/ of any 
of Enqlan,! ,nol Inland, and re- 
strietinj th<- ridtiniHua of it in the plantatlon.'i, and 
the importatiioi of it to any other port than London. 
Whitehall, 1 63 1, Jan. V,. [1' roelamcdions, Gar. I., No. 138.] 

[.fnii. fi] The Privy Council to the Farmers and Oificers of Customs. In- 

close the King's proclamation against planting tobacco in any part 
of the kingdom. His Majesty has laid a new impo.sition upon the 
importation of all foreign tobacco. Spanish will pay 2.'^. per lb. ; 
St. Christopher's, Barbadoes, and other islands in those parts, \2d. 
per lb. ; and tobacco from Virginia and the Somers Island.s, ^d. per 
lb. In order to lessen the importation b3^ limitation of place, it is 
not to be received anywhere but at the port of London. [Domestic 
Corresp. Car. /.] 

Jan. 21. Minute of a Court for Providence Island. Sir Thos. Barrington 

Mr. Dikc-'s admitted into the Compan^- ; his adventure of 200/,, to be paid to 
|,.„';';;,';:[;^^. Jolm Pym, treasurer. \(fol„ni<d Entry Bk., Vol. Ill, p. 7.] 

Fell. 2. Coranii.ssion from the Gov. and Corap. of Providence Island, 

appointing Capt. Wil. Rudyerd Chief Commander of all pa.ssengers 
in the Seaflower, bound for that plantation. [Colonial Entry Bk 

Feb. 7- The Comp. of Adventurers of Providence Island to Ca])! Dan. 

London. Elfi-ith, Governor. Have appointed his son-in-law, Capt. Phil. 
Bell, to the government, Ijecause of his experience as Governor of 
the Somers Islands. To have a twentieth part of the tobacco made 
the first year in the island for his .salary ; two fifths to lie allowed 



Capt. Sam. Axe, Governor during Elfrith's absence, and who has 
taken great \n\ms aliout the fort and other Avoi'ks upon the isLnnd. 
ProniLses of futiire reward some other way. Are resolved as yet 
not to make auj^ division of the land, nor to grant estates of any 
part of it until they liave had more experience. Desire to know 
how he and the Governor will be best satisfied. Have sent him six 
servants to work at halves. Refer him to Gov. Bell's instructions, 
and intreat him to go on cheei'fullv with what he has begun. [Co- 
lonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. :^2.]" 

Feb. 7. Commission from the Company of Adventurers for the Islands of 

Providence, Henrietta, i:c., appointing Capt. Phil. Bell Governor 
tliereof dm-ing pleasm-e. [Colonial Entry Bl:, Vol. IV. %>. 11.] 

Feb. 7. Instructions to the Governor and Council of Providence Island, 

In 35 Ai-ticles, the heads of which may be al>stracted as follows : — 
Capt. Dan. Elfiith, Capt. Sam. Axe, and Lieut. Hugh Price, resident 
there, also Capt. Wil. Rudyerd, Wil. Rous, and John Hunt, to be 
the Council. Oaths to be taken by the Governor, Council, and every 
planter above 16 years of age. The Governor to have an absolute 
negative voice. Lewis Morgan to be the Minister of the whole 
Colony, " until we send yovL more," with an allowance of 40?. a year 
and his lodging and diet provided bj' the inhabitants, until some 
more liberal contribution Ije resolved on. The people to be dis- 
tributed into families, Avhereof one to be the chief, to whom only 
is to be delivered stores out of the Company's magazine. Thos. 
Fitch and Thos. Jenks appointed clerks of the stores. A new fort, 
to be called Fort Henry, to be built on the south-west side of the 
island by Capt. Sam. Axe, who is also to be employed in all other 
works of fortification. Capt. Dan. EU'rith to be Admiral of the 
island, and have precedence next to the Governor. Cajjt. Wil. Rudyerd 
appointed Capt. of Fort Henry and Muster Master General, to rank 
next. Everj' man to plant twice as much corn as will supply his 
own family. Excess of tobacco prohibited, which, if practised, 
" will cause us wholly to forbid it." Liberal rewards to those who 
introduce any staple commodity. Particular instructions for the 
Government deferred until a full account of the state of the colony 
has been received. Capital offences to lie proceeded in by way of 
jury, :\s well as civil and criminal causes of great importance. A 
convenient church and commodious houses for the Governor and 
Minister to be built. Promise of a settlement on " Andera," now 
called Henrietta, and other adjacent islands. [Coloa'ml Entry Bl\, 
Vol. IV, ^'p. 12-18.] 

Feb. 7. Company of Adventurers of ProAddence Island to Capt. Ph. Bell, 

Londdn. Governor. WiL Tanner, captain of the Seaflower, will deliver to him 
his commission and instructions. His election was unanimous. 
Requested to make his own propositions for his salary. No division 
of the land as yet to be made, the profits being equally divided 
between the adventurers and ])lantei-s. Six servants sent to him 
at the Companj''s expense at half profits: Governor Bell to find 



Feb. 10. 


Feb. 14.. 

Vol. VI. 

their diet and apparel. Send a tipstaff, described as an ensign of 
liis government. Would more gladly have sent over " a more grave 
and experienced man," for minister than Lewis Morgan, whom they 
commend as a very sufficient scholar for his time, and a studious and 
sober man. Reasons why no other ministers go over. Direct that 
parsonage houses be erected ; the minister to be lodged and dieted in 
the Governor's house while he continues a single man. Special 
instractions for setting up God's ordinances. Explain why Mr. 
Ward, a minister of the Somers Islands, was not sent over. Desire 
that the passengers of the Seaflower be carefully provided for. 
Urge the fortifying of the island, and the planting of provisions. 
The cultivation of " that scurvy weed tobacco" prohibited, to the 
neglect of staple commodities. Every master of a family to build 
a substantial house, conveniently large to entertain as many more 
people. General directions for emplojTnent of the people. The 
colours, ordnance, powdei-, &c. sent to be well cared for ; further 
supplies will soon be dispatched. Desire that the Dutch who ai'e 
on the island may be so respected that they have no cause of com- 
plaint, but they are only to have interest in land as occupiers and 
manurers. Request information as to then- condition, religion, &c. ; 
none to be allowed to leave the island until it is fully fortified and 
peopled. Deny the first planters the whole benefit of their last 
year's labours, for reasons sot forth ; but special regard is promised 
to them " that have broke the ice." Conditions upon which liberty 
to return home will be granted. Send a small token as a remem- 
brance of their good afiections. [Colonial Entry BL:, Vol. IV., 
pp. 19-2].] 

Minutes of a General Com-t for Providence Island. Capt. Bell's 
commission read and confirmed, also instructions to the Gov. and 
Council, and letters to Capts. Bell and Elfrith. John Pym settled in 
the place of treasurer until the next election day. Gabriel Barber 
admitted an adventurer ; and Sir Thos. Barrington's admission 
confirmed. Upon petition of Lewis Morgan, elected minister of the 
colony, ordered that 201. advanced to him by the Company for the 
purchase of books and other necessary provisions should be a free 
gift. A dinner " not exceeding the value of -iOs." to be provided 
for the Company at every General Court. The Company to stand 
engaged for the discharge of a Iwnd of Rich. Caswell. Wil. Hird 
to have leave to take his wife over with him ; no other woman goes in 
the same ship, and as yet there is no woman at all in the island. 
Articles between the Company and Lewis Morgan, minister, and 
between the Company and Jas. Gardner, barber-surgeon, sealed. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 7-10.] 

JMinutes as above. Accounts of the Company, Divers ways 
for raising money propounded. Capt. Rudyerd's commission read 
and confirmed ; also a " charter ptart " Ijetween the Company 
and John Tanner for a ship to transport passengers to the island. 
Finance. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 10-12.] 


Feb. 2G. 4. Petition of Sir Wil. Alexander, Capt. David Kirke, and others, 

Adventurers in the Company of Canada, to the Admiralty. The 
King granted them commission some three years ago to plant 
colonies in the river of Canada, to displant those who were 
enemies in those lands, and to trade with the natives. Are 
informed that divers ships are bound thither, particularly 
the Whale of London, masters Rich. Brewerton and Wolston 
(ii^^lyn, contrary to that commission and greatly to the petitioners' 
jirejudice. Pray that such ves.sels may be stayed or sufficient 
assurance given that they will prosecute no such voyage. Under- 
written is a reference to See. Dorchester to examine the parties, and 
if they have intention to go into those parts, to order that they be 
stayed as is desired. 

[Feb. 29.] 5. Warrant for the stay of certain shijis l.iound to Canada con- 
WhiteluUl. trary to a commission granted to Sir Will. Alexander, Jarvis Kirke, 
and others, who have been at great charges in settling and main- 
taining a colony and fort within those bounds. Endorsed by Sec. 
Dorchi'der, " Conceit of a letter for hinderanee of men going to 
Canada, desired by Sir W. Alexander." Sec above. 

[Feb. 29.] G. Copy of the preceding. 

Nlai-cli L The King to Attorney General Heath. To prepare a bill to 
WliitfliiiU. the Privy Seal, b^' advice of the Privy Council, declaring the King's 
]ileasure that henceforth ninepence be collected for duties upon everj^ 
pound of tobacco imported of the growth of Virginia and the 
Somers Islands, and twelvepence upon every pound of the growth 
of the Caribbee Islands ; that is threepence per pound for custom to 
the farmers or theii" deputies, and the sums of sixpence and nine- 
pence per pound to the receivers appointed by the King. If the 
tobacco be again exported within one year, the duties to be repaid to 
the owners. [Domestic Corrcsp. Car /.] 

March L ElU to pass the Privy Seal declaring a duty of threepence per 
Wfstminster. pound as customs and sixpence per pound as impost upon every pound 
of tobacco of the growth of Virginia and the Somers Islands, and a 
duty of threejience per pound as customs and ninepence per pound 
as impost upon the growth of St. Christopher's and other the Caribbee 
islands. [^Sigii Manual, Car. I., Vol. XIL] 

March L 7. Petition of Daniel Gookin, gent., to the King. Has been many 
years a great well wisher to the new plantations and a planter and 
adventurer in most of them. Is credil)ly informed that there is a 
certain island between 50 and 55 deg. N. L., distant about 300 
leagues from the Blasques in Ireland, which has been discovered in 
part and named Saint Brandon, or the Isle de Verd, likely to 
produce many valuable commodities. Prays for a patent under 
the Great Seal for planting and enjoying that island and any others 
adjacent, with similar privileges to those gi'anted to Sir William 


1G31. VOL.VL 

Alexander in Nova Scotia. Underwritten is a reforeuco by Sec. 

Coke that it is tbe King'.s i^leasure that Mr. ^Vttorney prepare a 

grant as desired. Annexed, 

7. I. Particular iiistnoctions to he imt in the patent for Daniel 
GoJcein, cdieis Goolcin. Free exportation of all manner of 
live cattle; the patent to he renetued after discovery of 
the island or islands; the King to take hut the lOth -jiart 
of silver or gold mines discovered. 

[March .5.] S. Petition of John Smart, of Plymouth, to the King. Sir Will. 
Alexander, son to Sir Will., Principal Sec. for Scotland, jarvis Krrke, 
Robt. Charlton, and Will. Berkeley having obtained His Majesty's 
licence for discovery, fishing, and trade on the south side of tlio 
river of Canada, the petitioner ])rays for a licence for the discovery 
of a further plantation on the north side. 

[March -3.] D. Another copy of the preceding. 

■'.rarch 'I'k 10. Power of Attorney from William Bosweli to Peter L'Amy to 
receive all dues and profits accruing from the plantation of Carolina. 

A] nil 2. 11. Governor Harvey to Sec. Dorchester. Comjilains of the 

A'ir;'ini:i. miserable state in which ho lives through the waywardness and 
opposition of the Council, who dispute his authority, avening he 
can do nothing but what they lihall advise, and that his power 
extends no further tliau a bare casting voice. Can discern nothing 
in them but factious, seeking to gain their own ends. Instances the of a dispute arising out of the gift of a calf by Capt. Will. 
Peirce to a servant. Prays that the King will strengthen liis com- 
mission and that the duty of Govei'uor and of Comicillors may be 
distinguished. Implores him to compassionate his Avants "being 
tliereby made contemptible." Has not received one farthing for his 
relief since his departiu'e from England. 

[May :1] 1-. Brief declaration of the number of beaver skins brought by 

Capt. David Kirke and his company from Canada in 10:^9, and of 
the surrender of the fort of Quebec. A recapitulation of the several 
depositions calendared under date of 9th and l7th Nov. 1G29 ; it is 
endeavoured to reconcile the difference between the English and 
French depositions as to the number of the skins. [Sec. Dorchester 
states on an endorsement that this papicr was brought to him by 
one of tbe Canada Company. See p. 130, Ko. 1.5.] 

[May 2.] 13. Copy of the preceding with two trifling additions. 

[May IG.] Mem. that William Clobery, John de la Barre, and Da\ad Moore- 
head, set to sea Capt. Wil. Claybourne, on a discovery to the Isle 
of Kent, purchased by them of the inhabitants, but Lord Baltimore 
having comprehended the island within his patent, they desire the 
Kinn- to determine it. [2Iinute. Colonial Corrcsp., 1609, 'p- ^^■ 
See Vol. VIII., Aa 32, Invlosare I.] 


163L . ^^--^I- 

May 1 9. Minutey of a Greuei-al Court for Providence Island. Auditors 
V/arwick House, appointed. Debate, whether the number of adventurers sliould be 
increased from 20 to 24, resolved in the negative. Orders concerning 
the future admission of adventurers, payments, and general busi- 
ness of the Company agreed to. Geo. Needham's tobacco from the 
island of Henrietta, to Ije bought by the Company. Relief gi-anted 
to the wives of John Tanner, employed in the Company's service, 
and of Wil. Hurd, gone to the plantation. A committee ap- 
pointed to treat with the agents for a colony of about 150 persons 
settled on Tortuga. The Earl of Holland elected Governor, John 
Dike, Deputy ; John Pym, Treasurer ; and Wil. Jessop, Sec. 
[Ookmial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 12-19.] 

I\Iay 21. 14. Earl of Dorset to Attorney General Heath. To prepare a 
Greenwich, bill appointing Edward Earl of Dorset, Henry Earl of Danby, 
Dudley Viscount Dorchester, Sec. Sir John Coke, Sir John Danvers, 
Sir Robt. KiUigrew, Sir Thos. Roe, Sir Robt. Heath, Mr. Recorder 
[Hcneage Finch], Sir Dudley Diggs, Sir John Wolstenholme, Sir 
Fras. Wyatt, Sir John Brooke, Sir Kenelm Digby, Sir John Zouch, 
John Banks, Thos. Gibb, Nath. Rott [Wrote?], Mr. Sands, John 
Wolstenholme, Nicholas Ferrar, Mr. Barber and John Ferrar, or any 
four of them. Commissioners for ad\'ising upon some course for 
establisliing the advancement of the plantation of Viginia. With 
power to consider how the plantation formerly stood, what com- 
modities have been advanced, which .are the most profitable, and 
the present state of the colony. Their re])ort to be submitted to 
the King, with propositions to encourage adventurers and planters 
to the colony. 

May 24. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Upon the pro2)er 
Brooke llouse. course of treating with those seated " on the Tortugas." Reasons 
why a committee was propounded to do so on the most easy con- 
ditions, and instructions, which are given at length, agi-eed on for 
their guidance. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., ptp. 19, 20.] 

May 24. Minute of an Ordinary Court for Providence Island. The offer 

Brooko llouse. made by the planters settled upon Tortuga by their agents, John 
Hart and Robt. Wormeley, is considered and refen-ed to a Committee 
of the Company, vrith power to treat and make agreements with the 
agents, but not to engage the adventiu-ers in more than 2>0l. aj)iece. 
IColon'ml Entry BL, Vol. Ill, jJ. 21.] 

May 27? 15. Examination of Ca})t. David Kirke before Sir Hen. Marten. 
Was employed chief commander in two voyages to Canada ; in 1028 
at the charge of liis late fother Gervase Kii-ke and other merchants 
of L(mdon, and in 1G29 at that of Sir Wil. Alexander the j'ounger, 
Gervase Kirke and their partners. Took po.ssession of all Canada, 
except Quebec, in the first voyage ; in tlie last of Quebec, but knew 
not, at the time, of the peace between England and France. Had 
commission to expel the French from that comitry. Was assaulted 
by a French pinnace, Emery De Caen, commander, who killed two 

C0L0NI\1- PAPERS. 131 

1G31. '""'- '''^• 

of Kirke's company and wounded 1 2 or 16 others. In trading Nvith 
tlie natives and the French for victuals, lie obtained the beaver skins 
now under sequestration by the Adrarndty. The French sold 
between 700 and 800 in Encjland. When the fort surrendered, there 
was only one tub of bitter roots. Fed at least 100 French for three 
or four months, and further freighted and victualled a ship in which 
• he sent them from England to France. [Thin ]}a2W7- is referred to in 
the" Brief Declaration' [ante, 2 May, JYo. 12], it would therefore 
appear that there was some mistake in the date, u'hich is, however, 
clearly written.^ 

[May.] IG. Petition of Henry Earl of Holland and his associates to the 

King. His Majesty, by letters patent, granted to the Governor 
and Company of Ailventurers of Westminster for the plantation of 
Providence, Henrietta, and the adjacent islands, the plantation 
of them and aU other islands lying between 290 and 310 degrees of 
longitude and 10 and 20 of northerly latitude. Pray for an enlarge- 
ment of their grant "only of 3 or -i degrees of northerly latituile," 
to avoid all doubts as to whether one of the islands [Tortuga] taken 
above a year past, and now inhabited by more than a hundred 
jiersous, is contained in their former grant. On the outer side 
Sec. Dorchester has written that the King, out of his favour to the 
petitioner, and a willingness to augment foreign plantations, is 
pleased to enlarge the patent as desu'ed, and Mr. Attorney General 
is requested to prepare a bill for His Majesty's signature, provided 
there is no former grant. Greenwich, 30 ilay 1631. 

June 1.5. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. An oatli ibr the 
officers of the Company agreed upon : Mr. Treasurer [John Dike] 
reported that the planters upon the Island of Tortuga desired the 
Company to take them under their protection, and to be at the 
charge of their fortification, in consideration of a twentieth part 
of the commodities raised there yearly. General agreement that 
they be taken under the Company's protection ; that they have 
six pieces of ordnance and ammunition sent over at the Com- 
pany's charge ; and that six of the Adventurers for that island be 
admitted into the Company so far as regards the business of Tortuga 
only. Debated and a resolution passed that besides the intended 
supply of ammunition, a magazine of provisions and a number of 
men should be sent with convenient speed, for the relief and advance- 
ment of the Colony there. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., ^jp. 21-23.] 

June 16. Minutes of a Court for the Isle of Tortuga. The most convenient 
"\yarwick -^yay of sending men and goods debated, also a course for raising 
°'^*^' money for the necessary supplies. Each adventurer, names are 
given, to contribute 70?.. Mr. Hart to be employed in huing a ship 
for the '"voyage and in buying necessaiy provisions. Capt. Wil. 
Rudyerd, luiable to go the last voyage to Providence Island, to be 
captain _of the men sent to Tortuga, Wil. Rous, lieut., and Robt. 
Wormely, ensign ; pei'sons going over to have half the profits of 
their labours, and the Company of Adventurers the other half Most 




i,;;n. ^'--^'^- 

Ijeneficial to take over ai)prentiees wlio will serve their time tor 
meat, drink, and apiiand, and after their term receive half profits of 
the laml .set out I'nr tljcin. Wages of artificers, surgeons and otlur.S;, 
that do special .seivieo iu the Colony. Robt. Woniieley to have the 
oversight of six now guing over. [Culoiiial Entry BL:, Vol. J II., 
pp. 24-27.] 

.Tune 23. Minutes of a Court for the Isle of Turtuga. Orders of IGth June 
i^k last touching- a large sujjply for Tortuga discussed and confirmed. 
As to hiring a sliip, the former resolution is susjiended and report 
ordered upon the fitness of a pinnace of GO tons with five pieces of 
ordnance, l)elonging to the Earl of Warwick. Mr. Hart to proceed 
in furnishing a magazine for the colony in Turtuga. Finaiice. 
[Colonial Entru Bl:, Vol. HI., pp. 27-29.] 

.[une 27. Minutes as above. A new proposition to defer sending any 

\V;ir\vic;k quantity of provisions to Tortuga until next Spring discussed and 
"""^^'' various resolutions moved. Upon some ship ready bound to St. 
Kitt's or Nevis, there might be sent a shallop in pieces, with all 
things necessary and a quantity of clothes, shoes, and tools, ibr 
supply of the colony. The shallop to be liuilt at Nevis, tlie supplies 
put aboard there, and commanded by Robt. Wornieley who will 
inform the colony of the articles agreed on by their agents. When 
the planters have resolved and the Company are informed of the 
.state of the colony, the^' will jiroceed further in that busines.s. Mr. 
Hart to forbear spending more money in supplies. Final re- 
solutions at the next meeting. [Colonial Entrij Bk., Vol. III., pp. 


July 1. Minutes as above. Objections against the iiresent dispatch of a 

.Mr. ii^miiiuT'.s ,slap with men and provisions discussed ; resolved that the ordnance, 
"""■'^'' some men, and a magazine of good j)roportion, be sent with all 
possible speed. The hire or pm-chase of a ship and all details and 
d.irectious connected with the voyage, to be left to a standing Ccmi- 
mittee of sueli adventurers as are iu town. Each adventurer to 
pay to Mr. Treasurer 70/. according to a former order, by 1 .5 July 
at furthest. The Company agree to tmy of Geo. Needham all 
his tobacco made at Henrietta Islaml, at \id. per lb. [Colonial 
Entrij Bk, Vol. III., pp. 31-33.] 

July 4. 17. The King's Act for abandoning Port Royal and delivering it 

(iiveuwich. up to the French King. Latin. [Copy, tsce p. 1.j2, iVo. -50.] 

July fi. IMiuutes of a. Committee ibr the I.sle of Tortuga. John Hart 

Mr. 'ireasui-er's having comp(.iunded on behalf of the Company, for hire of the 
!^"'a'»S- Little Hopewell of London, for the intended voyage to the island of 
Association, the agreement is approved. The provisions Mr. Hart 
hopes to have ready in 14 day.s and the ship at Gravesend within 
three weeks ; Matthew Harbottle appointed master, and other 
officers cho.sen. Resolved that Tortuga should be henceforth called 
the Isle of Association ; Capt. Hiltoji commissioned Governor, and 
Capt. Christ. Wormeley to succeed him incase of his death or absence. 


1631. ^''5^-- VI- 

Tlio Council, Admiral, Capt. of the Fort to be erected, aud Muster- 
Master Gen., and other officers in the island are also Mp]iointed, and 
heads of instructions ordered to be drawn out. [Colon iul Enfrii Bl- 
Vol. III., pp. 33-35.] ■■ 

July 2L Minutes of a Committee for the Isle of Association. Commissions 
Warwick House, to Capts. Hilton, Wormeley, and Rudyerd, with instructions and 
letters from the Company, are read and confirmed. Resolutions 
touching the supply of Providence Island ; the discharge of two 
bonds Ijy the Treasin-er on Ijehalf of the Company ; and the return 
of the Seaflower to England, [Colonial Eitiri/ Bl:, Vol. III., 
pp. 35, 3G.] 

July 2L The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Council 
Lnndcm. there. The ship in which they send a supply to the Island of Asso- 
ciation (heretofore called Tortuga), will leave Capt. Wil. Rudyerd 
and Lieut. Rous in Providence. Require them to receive tlie for- 
mer as Muster-Master General of the island, and capt. of the nev/ 
fort, to be built at the south-west entrance, Lieut. Rous his lieut., 
and both to be sworn of the Council. Also to send word how John 
Tanner, who had chai-ge of the men and magazine lately sent 
thither in the Seaflower, has delivered them ; and every other infor- 
mation about the colony, the good of which they intend to prosecute 
by all the means they may. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 23.] 

July 25. LS. Tiie King to Sir John Harve3^ Gov. of Virginia. Upon due 

Diitlands. consideration of the penitence of Dr. John Pott, and of the necessar3r 
use the King's subjects may have of him, he being the only physician 
in the colony, His ilajesty is pleased to pardon and restore him 
to his estates. [Draft. The King was at Oatlamls on 2oih 
July 1631, which date is repeated twice on the document. See, 
however, the report of the Virginicc Commissioners, 2()th Aug. 
following, No. 20.] 

July 27. 19. [Sec. D(jrche.ster] to [Sir John Harvey, Gov. of Virginia]. 

Wc.stiiiinsu-r. His letters of 1 (jth July [1C30] were received on tHh Feln-nary last. 
The King is pleased, at Sir John's instance, to pardon Dr. Pott, the 
late Governo]-, and to pass by his hanti this act of clemency. As- 
surances of Dorchester's readiness to assist him, and begs he will 
send him a map of the country, " with the exactest description he 
can make to represent it to their knowledge, who cannot view it 

Aug. 20. 20. Report of the Vii-giuia Commissioners to the King. Are not 
able to give a perfect account of the state of Dr. Pott's business, the 
records of the proceedings not having been sent over, but "upon 
this superficial hearing," are of opinion that condemning him of 
felony was very rigorous, if not erroneous. Reeonnr.end that he may 
be restored to liljerty and to his estate, upon caution to follow his 

Aug 20. 21. Copy of the above. 


163L vui.. >x. 

Any. ? 22. Memorial signed by Wil. Byland, on behalf of Elizabeth 

I'ott, to Sec. Coke. Recapitulates proceedings on the petitions of 
Go\'. Harvey and Eliz. Pott, and certifies that the Virginia Com- 
missioners were of opinion that Dr. Pott had been rigorously, if not 
erroneously dealt with. Renews the request of Eliz. Pott, that 
orders may he sent by the next ship to restore her husband to 
lil)erty and his estates. 

Aug. ? 23. [Capt. Louis ?] Kirke to [Emery De Caen]. Has heard from 

Mons. I'Espinay all that has taken place. Would have been highly 
gratified if he had come in any other fashion, or that he [Kirke] 
had been his prisoner. Hears that their two Kings are agreed. 
Complimentary. French. Annexed, 

23. I. Certificate of Emery De Caen, Commander of the Bon Dieit 
hy commission from Card. Rich elicit, ; concerning his 
coming to Quehec, for the jivrjwse of trading with the 
IIv ronsfor fu rs. 

1G31? 24. Petition of Capt. Walter Neale to the King. Refers to the 

approbation of the Commander of the King's late army, and prays 
for the appointment of Marshal in Virginia with an allowance of 
20s. per diem out of the Customs arising from the commodities of 
that country, that he may have means to plant some people of his 
own there. 

Aug.? 25. Petitiunof Serjeant-Major Donne to the King. Was appointed 

and filled the places of Muster-Master General and Marshal of Vir- 
ginia from the time of his going over with Sir John Harvey until 
employed Ijy Gov. Harvej^ as agent for the colony, to prosecute those 
persons that were lately seditious and disturlied the peaceable 
government, but is now returning to his charge. Prays for a con- 
firmation under the Great Seal of the oflSce which he has filled these 
two years jsast. 

Aug. ? 2G. The King to [the Gov. of Virginia] confirming Serjeant Major 

Donne about returning to Virginia as a member of the Council and 
Muster-Master General, and recommending him to favoxrr " as a 
person that we esteem," and hath well discharged the trust com- 
mitted to him. [Draft, v:ith corrections.'] 

Sept. 6. Minutes of a Meeting for Providence Island. Resolutions in 

anticipation of the amval of the Seaflower from Providence ; to 
send a messenger to take an invoice of the goods and all letters, 
whether in the master's or other men's hands ; to give orders for the 
landing of passengers according to their discretion ; to open general 
letters to the Company and private letters to themselves. Further 
orders also agreed to, respecting letters to the absent adventurers ; 
and the assay, unlading, and disposal of the .ship's goods. [Colonial 
Entry Bh, Vol. III., pp. 36-38.] 


1631. ^"^- ^^^- 

Oct. 14. 27. Order of the Privy Council. Upon complaint of Capt. Kirke 
and others, adventurers to Canada, that Jolm Baker, Jas. Ricroft, Capt. 
Eustace Man, Henry West, and others, had, as interlopers, presumed 
to trade in those parts to the great damage of the adventurers ; the 
cause was partly heard, and in general appeared to be true ; but divers 
particulars being objected to, the further examination is referred to 
Serj. Berkeley, Sir Wil. Beecher, and Ed. Nichola-s, and the persons 
complained of, ordered to give bond not to send any more shijis 
thither to trade, without licence. 

Nov 3. 28. Grant, by indenture, of the Council for New England to Sir 

Ferd. Gorges, Capt. John Mason, and their associates John Cotton, 
Henry Gardner, Geo. Griffith, Edwin Guy, Thos. Wannerton, Thos. 
Eyre, and Eliezer Eyre, of the house and plantations situate at 
Piscataqua, lately belonging to Capt. Walter Neale. [Ct^py.] 

Nov. 3. Abstract and Minute of the above. [Cuhnial Gorresp., 1620, 

Nov. 3.] 

1 ()31, Nov. 4 29. Minutes of the Council for New England The entries will be 

to found calendared in their proper chrcmological order. 

1 038, Nov. 1. 

Nov. 4. Minutes of the Council for New England, Patents sealed for Sir 

Wui-wiek House Ferd. Gorges, Capt. John Mason, and their associates, containing a 
[ilolboru.] gj.^^j^j. ^^ Q.^j.^^ Neale's plantation ; for Capt. Thos. Cammock, of New 
England, of 1,500 acres of land on the east side of Bhickpoint Eiver ; 
and for Eichard Bradshaw, of New England, of 1,500 acres. The 
considerations are set forth for which these patents are gi'anted. 
[Sec f receding No^ 

Nov. 21. Dilinutes of a Court for Providence Island. John Pym, Treasurer, 
Eiooke H<iuse. rejiorts Upon the state of the accounts, and resolutions are passed 
that they be audited liy the next General Court. Each adventurer 
desired to contribute his best advice for procuring some plants from 
the East India Company " for the enriching of the isla,nd." {Colo- 
nial Entry Bh., Vol. III., pp. 38, 39.] 

Nov. 22. Proclamation forbidding any one to trade to Guinea, Binney, 
St. Jauu-s's, and Angola, except Sir Rich. Young, Sir Ken. Digby, Geo. Ku-ke, 
Hump. Slaney, Nich. Crispe, and Wil, Clobery, to whom the King 
has granted letters patent for the sole privilege of trading to those 
parts for thirty-one years, having annulled their former letters 
patent granted by King James. [Froclamatlans, Car. I., Xo. 1-48.] 

Nov. 24, Minutes of a General Court for Providence Island. A resolution 
r.rooke House, agreed to and a standing Committee appointed for perusal of the 
Secretary's notes, and to determine in what form they shall be 
recorded. Mr. Hart's accounts approved, and a legal acquittance 
fi-om the Company ordered to lie drawn up. Tlie commissions, instruc- 
tions, and letters sent to the Island of Association hj the Little 
Hoiiewell read and confirmed. Resolutions passed concerning the 


rehirn nf the Soaflower, expected before tliis. Lord Say desired to 
treat with Sir Jolni Wolstenliolme aLout the payment by cnstom for 
the ordnance sent to iVssociation. Debate concerning payments by the 
adventurers into the Company's stock. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vul. 

Nov. ? 30. Representation and petition of the Virginia Commissioners to 

tlje King. Have had many serious consultations respecting the best 
form of government for tliat phmtation, and by unanimous reso- 
lution present the following propositions, which they humbly Ijeseech 
His Majesty will confirm under the Great Seal. That the govern- 
ment of Virginia be wholly reserved in His Majesty's immediate 
pov.'cr, to be managed by a subordinate Council in London nominated 
by the King ; that a Governor and Council be resident in Virginia. 
and likewise nominated bj' the King ; that a new Charter be granted 
for re-incorporating a Company of Adventurers, whereof the adven- 
turers and planters in Virginia to be members, all previous rights, 
liberties, and privileges being confirmed ; and that annual pensions 
or rewards, out of the customs of Virginia, be allowed to sueli 
officers and ministers as conduct those affairs. 
Nov. 2.-). 31. Edw. Earl of Dorset to [Chief Justice Heath?]. The Virginia 
St. .Jaiiifo's. Commissioners have thought fit to proceed upon the digest of a new 
patent for re-establishing a Company. The King de,sircs tliat he 
•^vill, as most able, give assistance in framing the same. 
Nov.? 32. Considerations against renewing a Corporation for Virginia. 

At most of their assemblies instead of consulting the general good 
of the colon}-, the time has been spent in invectives one against the 
other ; their patent was ultimately revoked by a quo wairanto, and 
tlie King Ijy proclamation took the government into his own han<ls. 
Some of the late Company are rejiresented to have ever since con- 
tinually importuned the King to renev.' their charter, which has bren 
rejected as inconvenient to His Majesty's service. The evils considered 
likely to ensue if it be now renewed are set forth under .six heads, and 
it is suggested tliat the Governor and Council of Virginia should jire- 
viou.sly certify tlie jii'ejudice it will be to His Majesty's government 
and revenue there, and how it will conduce to the benefit or otherwise 
of the planters in the colony, who have often petitioned against it. 

[Nov. J 83. [Serj. Berkeley, Sir W. Beecher, and Ed. Nicholas] to the 

Privy Council. Report upon the complaint of the adventurers to 
Canada. [See ante, p. 135, No. 27.] Have examined Jas Ricroft and 
tlie others complained of, and find they had notice that they ought 
not to trade in those parts, also that their carriage there did dis- 
courage the natives from trading with the adventurers. Inclose, 
33. I. Examinations of Jas. Ricroft, jnlot, Jo. Baker, master of 
the EUc. of London, Gapt. Eust. Man, one of the owners 
Capt. Vincent Harris, Capt. of the Thomas and others, hy 
order of the Council of Oct. 14 last. 1631, Nov. 5. 
\Ori(j. draft hy Nicholas.] 
33. II. Copiy of the above, with corrections by Nicholas. 


Dec. 1. Minutes of the L'ouneil fur .New Engkud. A general form for 

Warwick IIousc.jj;itents for ]ietty plantations as tenants or freeholders, and for those 

Avho undertake to erect towns and plant a gi'eat nuniljer of people 

agi-eed on. Several petitions for patents for private jilantations to 

be considered. {^Colonial Corrcsp., 1631, Nov. 4, pp. 2, 3.] 

Dec. 1. Grant of the Council for New England to John Stratton of 

Shotley, co. Suftolk, and to his associates, of 2,000 acres of land 
upon the south side of Cape I'orpus. \_j\Iinute. Colonial Corrcsp., 
1620, Kov. 3.] 

Dec. 1. Grant of arms to Capt. David Kirke, Lewis Kirke, Governor of 

l.oudoD. Clanada, Capt. Thos. Kirke, and Jas. Kirke, for valour in van- 
quishing the French fleet under the command of Mons. de Rockmcmd, 
admiral, bringing him prisoner to England, and in the following 
3'ear taking Canada and bringing Mons. Chamjilain prisoner to 
England. The coat armour of Mons. Rockmond is granted to Capt. 
David Kirke, and to his brothers and their issue for ever. [Certtjicd 
copy. Domestic Corresp. Car. I.] 

Dec. 2. Minutes of the Council for New England. Patents tii ^^'alter 

Warwick Bagnall for a sniall island, called Richmond, with I, .500 acres of 
"""'*^'' land, and to John Stratton for 2,000 acres, upon the south side of 
the river or creek called Cape Porpus, agreed on. Considerations 
for which they are granted. Also patents granted to [Sir] Ferd. 
Gorges, son and heir of John Gorges, of London, Walter Norton, 
Lieut. Col. Thos. Coppyn, Samuel Maverick, Thos. Graves [?] 
Ralph Glover, Wil. Jeffreys, John Busley, Joel Woolsey, all of 
New Englaml ; Robert, Richard, and George Norton, of Shariienho, 
CO. Bedford, and Robt. Rainsford, of London, who have undertaken to 
build a town in New England, of ] 00 acres of land for every person, 
transported by them within seven years, who remains three years, 
with an additional grant of 12,000 acres to themselves on the east 
side of the river of Aquamentiquo.s, and of 12,000 acres to Ferd. 
Gorges on the opposite side of the river. To Roljert Trelawny and 
Moses Goodyeare of all lands along the sea coast eastward between 
liie land limited to Capt. Thos. Cammock, and Cascoe bay and river, 
for having expended great sums in the discover3' of those parts, and 
for their encouragement in settling a, plantatitai there. [C'olo7iial 
Corrcsp., 1631, liov. l, pp. 3-7-] 

Dec. 8. Minutes of a Court for Providence L-.Ln]ul. Letters received from 

Brooke House, the island ■' by a stranger's sliiii" are I'ead, and all directed to private 
persons ordered to be delivered, the Company to be a,crpiainted with 
what related to the public affairs of the colony. Deputy Dike's 
request for more money on account of the Seaflower, referred to 
Treasurer P^ym. Questions moved touching the preparation of 
another ship for Providence about March next ; encouragements for 
ministers to go over, but not to be of the Council ; inducements for 
alile tradesmen to transpoi-t themselves ; also against whole families 
going by the next ship, as it is necessary to send mostly men at 
present, with some few woincn ; charge of their trans})ortation and 



Vol. VI. 

(livi.siou of the profits of their labour. Every adventurer to "hark en 
out" for honest men fit for their service, and to report upon their 
quality and number. The gunner's wages, who was hired by Capt. 
Bell fi-om the Seaflower at 40L per annum, thought too much. To 
the objections of some of the planters to work Ijy halves it was 
answered that in other plantations it was also done, and that half 
profits were thought a rich recompence. [Culoitial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., pp. 41-43.] 

Dec. 20. 34. Accord between the Governor and Council of Virginia; conclu- 

JaniL-s City, ding and silencing by a peaceable period all those " unhappy difl'erence.s 

I Virgmiu.] .^yi-j;j.]j liave interrupted all good proceedings" for the benefit of the 

plantation. Signed by Sir John Harvey, Fras. West, Sam. Mathews, 

Wil. Claybourne, Wil. Tucker, Wil. Ferrar, PI en. Finch, Nath. Basse, 

John Utie, Thos. Purvisse, Hugh Bullock, and Wil. Peirce. \Copy.~\ 

Dee. 3L Minutes of a meeting for Providence Island, ilr. Hart ordered 

Waiuick to receive G,000 weight of tobacco brought by the planters fi-om the 
Hduse. jj.|^ q£ Association, and with the first sale to discharge the customs. 
Necessity of .sending another ship presently after the return of the 
Seaflower, with a plentiful supply of men and provisions considered, 
and the Company requested to meet on 1st Feb. next, to conclude 
upon some way to raise money for that purpose. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., p. 44.] 

1631? 35. Petition of Sidrack Miller, of London, Cooper, to the Privy 

Council. By a contract made with Capt. John Mason, John Cotton, 
and Henry Gardiner, on behalf of the Company of Adventurers for 
the Province of Laconia, in New England, the petitioner and two 
servants were transported to Piscataqua, where they worke<l 18 
months for the Company. Miller being sent to England, left his 
servants behind, who have since been suddenly discharged, and the 
Company will not pay what is due to them. Prays that the Com- 
pany may be ordered to pay the money due to him and his two 
servants for the work done according to contract. 

1G31 ">. 36. Petition of George Sandys to the I^ng. Understands His Ma- 

jesty's resolution to govern the jjlantations by a commission directed 
to certain of the Privy Council. Has spent the ripest of his years in 
the public employment in Virginia, and received a favourable answer 
to a petition to be nominated secretary, when the King heretofore 
appointed a President and Council for the affairs of that colony. 
Prays for the appointment of Secretary to the Commission. 

I Jan. 13.1 37. Petitiun of John Delbridgo, of Barnstaple, merchant, to the 
Privy Council. In July, 1630, he freighted a small barque lor 
V'irf'-inia and the Bermudas, but during her voyage a proclamation 
was issued that no toljacco should be lauded in any other port than 
London. By reason of a leak the owners will not adventiu-e their 
barcjue to London, and much of the tobacco is wet. Prays that the 
officer of customs at Barnstaple, to whom the tobacco was of neces- 
sity delivered, may be required to take reasonable customs for it. 



[^1 copy of this petition in Domestic Corresp. Car. I, is cndorsecl, 
" Read 13 Jan. 1G31-2, and denied."] Annexed, 

37. I. Certificate of the officers of customs at Barnstoph:, th'it the 
tobacco is likely to perish, and that the petitioner did his 
best to send the barque to London. 1631, Sept. G. 

Jan. ? 38. Note of such things as the Company hath in Canada, and the 

niunber of men. Above 200 in the fort and habitation of Quebec, 
with those gone up 400 leagues iii the coimtry foi- further dis- 
coveries. The fort well situated, able to withstand 10,000 men. If 
the King retain it " we do not care what French or any otlier can 
do, though thejr have 100 sail of ships, and 10,000 men as above 

Jan. 30. 39. Phil. Burlamachi to the English and Scotch Company of 
Mutz. Adventurers to Canada, in answer to theirs by Sir Wil. Alexander 
about the Company's disputes with De Caen respecting the beaver 
skins. Blames them for not liaviug pro\dded the Ambassador with 
a lietter defence. Advises them to be the first to take advantage of 
the treaty of Tadousac, and to get an order against interlopers. 
French. [On 4^ Jan. Sir Isaac Wake writes from Metz to Sec. 
Dorchester on the same suljcct and adds, "the ill proceedings of our 
merchants I leave to M. Burlamaclii, being loth to foul my pen witli 
tlieir enormous obliquities." Desires if the arrangements concluded 
be approved, that all may be attributed to Burlamachi, Augier, and 
De Vic, See 1632, Jan. -^., Corresj). France.] 

Feb. 1. Minutes of a Coui-t for Providence Island. Resolved, though 

Crouke House, the Company receive no tidings of the Seaflower, that a ship be 
fitted for 150 persons and sent to the island, also a magazine of 
provisions in proportion ; the ship to be hired by the adventurers. 
Thos. Hartly, Cooper, covenanted to be the Company's servant in 
Providence for tlu-ee years, at 51. a year wages, received 50s. in 
part payment. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp. 45-46.] 

Feb. 6. Minutes as above. No ship to be hired for the next voyage 

Urooke House, t,) Providence until 1st of April next, unless the Seaflower arrive 
before tlien. Committee named to treat with the owners of the 
Chai-ity for tliat service. Each member to pay in 150/. to meet the 
great charges which will become due on the return of the ships 
already set forth. Permission to Gabriel Barber to leave the Com- 
pany, and any other member " that shall express a desii'e to fall off" 
to have liberty to do so. Planters to be allowed to pay the charo-es 
of their passage out of the proceeds of their lalioiu's. Upon petition 
of Geo. Needham to go to Providence in the next ship, and to be 
lent 30J. out of the Company's stock, resolved, the petitioner pro- 
mising never to revive any diflerences, particularly with Capt. 
Elfrith, that he go as master of six servants, because of his lono- 
experience in plantations ; the loan refused. Upon petition of 
Mrs. Dew that her husband might have leave to remove from Asso- 
ciatiiin to Providence Island, liavesix servants allowed liirn, and she 



Vol. VI. 

lie permitted to go in the next ship, witli an advance of 20/. for her 
outfit, a warrant for lier husband's removal is gi-anted, the loan refused, 
and her proposition for servants referred for consideration. \Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. Til., pp. 40-48.] 

Fe1>. n. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. 20L ordered to be pre- 

Kioke House, sented to Mr. Hart for his diligence, fidelity, and discretion ; also 
20/. per annum to Mr. Sec. [Pym] for the iaithful discharge of his 
duties. Resolutions passed concerning the present allowance of 100/. 
apiece to the adventurers " for discovery of this plantation ;" for sup- 
plying tlie plantation with ministers, the Company willing to bear 
half their salaries, the other half to be levied in the country ; and 
for encouragement of artificers going over, either as free men or 
servants. Mr. Deputy [Dike] desu-ed to "harken out" some suffi- 
cient gunners for the island. Various previous resolutions confirmed. 
Debate touching Gabriel Barber quitting the Comjiany. Rules 
laid down in case of any other member of the Company wishing to 
sell his share. After the rate of 6/. per head, to be henceforth allowed 
for transportation of any persons to the island. Auditors for the 
accounts. The Seaflower shortly expected, and a standing com- 
mittee appointed for the next voyage. [^Colonial Entrij Bk., Vol. 
III., 2yp. 48-52.] 

Fell. ? 40. Petition of the President and Council for New Englaud to 

the Privy Council. The proclamation [of 24 Nov. 1630], forbidding 
the .s.alo of any kind of arms to the savages in Ne-w England, has 
been put in foi'ce by the Governors in America, and one Edward 
Astley apprehended and sent to England. Pray that order may 
be taken for his exemplary punishment. 

Feb. 11. 41. Attorney General Noye to [Thos.] Meautys. Incloses Astley 's 

examination with the testimonies against him, and recommends, since 
Astley saj's it was commonly done before the restraint and lias since 
forborne it, that he "give caution" not to furnisli tlie Indians with 
any more arms. Aviiexrd, 

41. I. E.i-(imlii(iiiov of John Beacon, Henry Samp.soii, Geo. 
Wof.'^,,,!, an,] Oliver Gallon^ before Gapt. Walter Keale, 
in X< ,r Emil'i ii'L i;>nrri'iiinfi unlawful trading in arinf< 
and nnn,d';,n, /,// lid ,';i rd' Astley, late inhabitant ef 
ihrs.iid .-oinitey.' I(;31, d>dy 19. 
41. II. E.rarni nations of Thos. Willett and William Phi}->s before 

Capt. Hen. Keye, on the same subject. 1G31, July 30. 
41. in. E.ramunidion <f Edward, Astley before Attorney General 
Kdif,: Ci'iifrssps to hnrt rinq v'itli the Indians of Neiu 
Ev'ihrnd for povdrr ,ivd sh,k,l)Vt did not Inow of the 
prnrbnwiii'O, pn^ldl'lling if. ]iuV2. Ech. 11. 

Felj. 11. 42. Petiti.m of Peter de Liec^ues, Sieur des Antlieux, &e., Picardy, 

to the King. Has " an advice in writing" concerning plantations 
in VirL;'inia and other parts of the West Indies, whereby a revenue 
oi' r)(),()()0/, per annum maybe raised for His Majesty's own use, and 
after live years " one lusty tall ship, of 500 tons" at least, for the 


1G32. ^'•^^•^^^- 

King's service sliall lie built by the petitioner annually for ever 
Prays, as a reconipence for such services, to be appointed hereditary 
E,eceiver General and to have a grant of one-fifth part of all rights 
and profits, &c. as collected by reason of his advice ; also for letters 
of denization. [Sec 1G32, Ajjrll 12.] 

l'\']i. \\. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Deputy Governor 
r.HH.iu' House. Jjike and Mr. St. Johns, on behalf of Sir Gilbert Gerrai-d, having 
"discovered a willingness to fall off" fl'oni the Company, a discus- 
sion arose, but the consideration was deferred. Mr. Hart's account of 
his conference with the owners of the Charity ; an ofier made for 
hire of the ship. [Colonial Eidru Bk., Vol. III., i>p. 52, 53.] 

Feb. lo. Minutes as above. Certain members of the Company offered to 

l!i ....lie llouso. take ilr. Deputy's share, who, having assented, ordered accordingly. 
[Culualal Eatry BL, Vol. III., i^p. 53, 54.] 

Feb. 11. Minutes as above. Mr. Hart's proposals to the owners of the 

iMr.'riiMsuror's Charity for liiie of their ship having been accepted the agreement 

c i.i.u ins. j^ ajiproved. Eesolutions passed to prevent picjudico to the Com- 
pany's affairs for want of money; for di IV.iyinL; tlie expenses of 
the supplies now intended and other inridrntal charges; and for 
dispatch of busir.ess concerning the voyage [of the Cliarity to 
Providence Island]. [L'olunial Entry BL, Vol. III., p. 51.] 

Feb. 29. Minutes of the Council lor New England. Two duplicate patents 

\\:iiuirk lioiiso. t,o Sir Ferd. Gorges, Capt. John Mason, and their associates, of the 
same date and upon the same tenure as the patent of 4 Nov. 1031, 
are sealed. Also a patent granted upon petition, to Robert Aldsworth 
and Criles Elbridge, merchants, of 12,000 acres of land in New 
England, and an additional 100 acres for every person transported 
by them to New England within seven years, jjrovided they abide 
there three years ; the 12,000 acres to be laid out near the river 
Pemaquid, in consideration of their having undertaken to Iniild 
a town there and settle divers inhabitants for the general good of 
that country. [C'ulonial Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4, pp. 7-10.] 

March 2. Minute as above. Two patents to Sir Ferd. CJorges, Lieut.-Col. 
Wi.rwickllouse. Walter Norton, and their associates, of the same tenure and date 
as the patent of 2ud Dec 1631, are sealed, with the names of 
Setli Bull, Dixie .Bull, Mathew Bradley, and John Bull, instead of 
Thos. Coppyn, Joel Woolsey, Geo. Norton, and Robt. Rainsford 
[Colonial Corrc!:!p., 1G31, Xor. i, p. 10.] 

March 2. 43. Minute of an onk'r of the Virginia Commissioners. The 

\VliitL-li;ili. adventurers having accepted a new charter of restitution of a 

company, the Attorney General is desired not to pass any grant or 

patent, without a proviso or exception of all territories, kc, formerly 

granted to the late Company of Virginia. 

March IS. 44. Sir Ferdinan.lo Gurges to Capt. John Mason. Ap]ii-oves of 

llristol. the course he lias taken for stay of a sliip, lately arrived at I'l>inoutli 

from the Dutch plantation in New England [wc p. L34, iVw. (i2J. 


1G32. Vol. VL 

They iniisfc stand upon the just title of the King to those parts, in 
respect of the first discovery and actual possession, by virtue of 
several patents. He may remember that King James' Ambassador 
to the United Pro\ances had orders to question the authority of the 
Dutch in those limits, [see ante, _2J. 26, iW 56] when it ^Yas answered 
if any such were there, it v>-a.s Ijy their private adventure alone. 
Cannot be in London before Easter, when he will put the business 
in the way it ought to be. Wishes him to keep the party who has 
lived so long with the Dutch, and to inform himself of their strength, 
where they live, how they are fortified and provided for, and what 
other commodities they find besides their trade of furs ; what cattle, 
horses, and caniages they use, and where are their friends and 
enemies. Requests him to do his best to prolong the stay of the 
.ship at Plymouth, until the Lords [of the Pri\^' Council] ai-e fully 
informed of the consequence of the business; that the Dutch may be 
l")rohibited trading in those parts, and from jiresuming to settle 
without licence from the Council [of New England]. Leaves to his 
own judgment ^^dlat is best to be done for the present ; nothing 
shall be wanting in the power of Gorges for making good their 
imdertakings. Will send the horses promised by Lord Gorges and 
himself, when he knows the fit time for their dispatch thence. 
Has lately written his resolution to Mr. Eyre. Hopes he will not 
despair, although he finds a coldness in those who miderstand not 
the business aright. Hears that my lord of Warwick has promised 
to further their purpose. Will put more life into it than heretofore, 
having every day more and more reason to do so. 

March 2L Bill to pass the Privy Seal, declaring an abatement of the customs 
Westminster, iqion tobacco on the 2nd March, and reducing them from 9d. to 
ill. per lb., on the growth of Virginia and the'Somers Islands, and 
from 1 2d. to Gd. on that of St. Christopher's and the other Caribbee 
Islands. [Sign Manual, Car. I., Vol. A"///.] 
March? 4-5. Objections [in Sec. Lord Cottington's hand] to certain 

arrangements, whereliy the King is obliged to pay ] 4,330^. for sup- 
posed debts to Du Cane [De Caen] from the Canada merchants. 
The King should have been first consulted before the articles were 
signed, especially as they are to be ratified under the Great Seal ; 
and Burlamachi is made a pledge for skins, debts from savages, 
knives, and French ships. Conceives it most fitting that the Canada 
Company should answer my Lord Ambassador [Wake's] long letter. 
[This ims done on 2ifh April 1632, see p. Wo, No. .-)3.] On 19th 
April following, these olijections were embodied in a letter from Sec. 
Coke to Sir Isaac Wake. Coke is commanded by the King to let him 
know, that though for the King's own honour he will not free 
himself from tlie disadvantage and burden cast upon him, by dis- 
avowing openly those ministers to whom he gave powers, yet as 
to Wake and Burlamachi, the King disavoweth both their pro- 
ceedings as being without his commission or allowance. " His 
Majesty disavoweth the transaction as not justifialjle on your parts, 
yet requireth you without reply immediately to see it done." 
[Corrcsp. France, 1G32, April It).] 


1(132. '"''" ''^" 

Marcli ? 46. The King to [" the Canada mei-chauts and the commanders 

under them."] The differences with tlie French King and his sub- 
jects having been settled, and His Majesty having consented to the 
restitution of Quebec, " as taken Ijy force of arms since the peace," 
they are commanded to deliver up the fort and habitation to whom- 
soever the French King shall appoint, in the same state as at the 
time of the surrender. [Draft, a paragraph of tchich is underlined, 
and another written on the outer page in substitution.'] 

March ? 47. Copy of the preceding, without the substituted paragrapli, signed 
by King Charles, but afterwards corrected l.)y Sec. Dorchester, who 
has endorsed it, " Letters from His Majesty to the Canada Merchants 
and the commanders under them for rendering Quebec, corrected as 
in these first originals appeareth," in allusion also to the following. 

March ? 48. Copy of tlie above No. 46, with the substituted paragraph, 

signed by King Charles, in which Sec. Dorchester has subsei[ueutly 
made corrections different from those in the preceding. [Ambassailor 
Sir Isaac Wake writes to Capt. Thos. Kii-ke from Paris on '^^•"''•'.'| '^ 

1632, that the treaty for the restitution of the fort and habitation of 
Quebec had been concluded. Kirke is therefore required speedily 
to deliver up those places to General De Caen, or whosoever he may 
appoint, who will be the bearer of this letter. Wake incloses copy 
of the treaty, that Kirke may the better loiow how to govern him- 
self, and gives him particular directions concerning his own and his 
company's return to England, the merchandise he had transported to 
Canada, and other matters. See '\V^^\ - ^ 632, Corrcsp. France, 
where a great deal of correspondence concerning Caiutda will he 

March? 49. Declaration upon oath of the Sieur Champlain, as to the 

quantity of arms, ammunition, and other materials left in the Fort 
of Quebec at the surrender, and which ought to be restored according 
to the treaty. French. [Copy.] 

1G32? .50. List of the " Marchandises de traicte" sent to Quebec, whicli 

were found in the Mary Fortune of London, taken at Tadousac. 

April 2. .51. Capt. John Mason to [Sec. Coke]. Certain Hollanders began 
a trade, about 1C21, upon the coast of New England, between Cape 
Cod and Delaware Bay, in 40 degrees N.L., granted to Sir Walter 
Raleigh in 1584, and afterwards confirmed and divided by agree- 
ment by King James in 1G06. The plantations in Virginia have 
been settled about 40 years, in New England about 25 years. The 
Hollanders came as interlopers between the two, and have publishe<l 
a map of the coast between Virginia and Cape Cod, with the title 
of New Netherlands, calling the river upon which they are planted 
Manhatan, and giving Dutch names to other places discovered by 
the English. Sir Sam. Ai-goU, with many English planters, were 
about to settle in those parts, and the English Ambassador at the 


Hague was ordered to complaui against the proceedings of the 
HoUanders. [1621, Dt'c. lo, see ante, l^.-ZG, Xo. o6.] Nevertheless 
the following year, under a pretended authority from the Dutch 
West India Company, they made a plantation upon IManhatau ; have 
since fortified themselves in two places and huilt ships there, one of 
COO tons sent into Holland. They were warned hy the English 
plantation at New Plymouth neither to trade nor make any settle- 
ment in those parts, but with proud and contumacious answers sny 
" They had commission to fight against such as should disturlj their 
settlement," and persisted in planting, vilifying the English to the 
Indians, and extolling their own nation. It is reported that tluy 
liave exported from thence to Holland this year ]. 5,000 lieaver skins, 
besides other coiumodities. 

April 2. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Letters received 

i-,)oKc lloiiso. fiM]u Providence by the Seaflower, referred for consideration and the 
secretary ordered to summon the absent adventurers. As the ship 
" was not then come about " and many letters were not received, re- 
solved that the passengers have orders to stay in the country until 
further directions. [Culonial L'niry Bk:, Vul. III., p. 5.5.] 

April li. 52. Sir Ferdinaiido Gorges to Capt. John Mason. Is glad to find 

r.iKi.ii. 1 ,y liis letter of 30 March, that the business against those of the Dutch 
]ilantation is before the Privy Council. Hopes they will not be over 
hasty in concluding a business of that important nature. Cannot 
come up [to London] having " taken a fall " from his horse at a race, 
and is unable to move. Hopes he will make some shift to send 
away the horses, as no shipping leaves again until the winter quarter ; 
knows they will be of great service at the islaud.s. 

\pi'il G. Minutes of a for Providence Island. Mr. Dike 

iomLo iicusi-. and Capt. Tanner ordered to enter the Seaflower in the custom 
house hi the name of Jolm Hart, to the use of the Governor and 
company, to take order for her discharge, and warehousing her goods 
until composition bo made for the customs. [Colonial Entry Bh., 
Vol III., i>.oor\ 

April 11. Minutes as above. Letter from Mr. Morgan to Sir Nath. Rich., 
1, ,,ko ikuiso. stufieil with bitter expressions, and avowing of a spii'it inclined 
to sedition and mutiny, is read. Resolved tliat he should be brought 
home by the next ship, he being the author or at least the fomenter 
of the planters' seemiug discontent, which might cause a revolt 
in the island from the Company's govemment. Debate, and 
instructions are agreed upon to that etiect. Tlse planters' petition, 
complaining of the " uufoitifiableness" of the island, and of other 
personal grievances, is referred for consideration. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. Ill, pp. 5.5,56.] 

A]iril 12. Patent to Peter de Liques, Sr. des Ajitheux of Picardj-, and Wil- 

W^^t^lin^t^l•. Ham lioswell, " Keeper of our Papers of State at Whiteliall." Con- 

t.iining .a gr.-nit of the office of Receiver Geneml licreditary of the 

ail!'- i;t(.d revenue arising in America, with iioA\er to retain one 


1G32. Vol. VL 

fiftli part to tlieir own use ; aiul of letters of denization to Peter 
Ue Liccjues [><ce ante, p. 140, No. -±2]. Beaut If idly cngro.'ised on 
vellum, ivith the effigy of Charles I. drawn in jpencil and ink, and 
the Great Seal, mutikded, attached. {Colonial Corresp., Vol. VII 
No. 1.] 

April 12. ilinuteof tlie above. [Cvhnilal Corresp., 1G07, Jan. 9.] 

April 13. Declaration of tlie Company for Providence Island. Arthur Rous 
is elected one of the ministers for that island, he being contented to 
transport himself and family thither; a fit place and lands are 
assigned to him and further encouragement promised. \Colonial 
Entry Bh, Vol. IV., p. 43.] 

Ai>ril 13. Jlinute of a Court for Providence Island. Ordered that in the 

BrouUu House, instructions to be sent to the Governor and Council, they should 
measure and set out 20 parcels of ground of 25 acres each, in the 
most fertile places in tlie island, to be assigned to the first 20 
adventurers of the Company. [Colonial Entry Bl:, ]^ol. III., 
pp. 56, -57.] 
April 1-1— 2 -t. Minutes of Meetings for Providence Island. Instructions and 
answers to the general letters to the Company agreed on. Accounts 
of the Seaflower to be paid. Supplies bought for the use of 
Mr. Morgan in tlie isl.-iml, .ird.Ted to be purchased for the Company's 
magazine. The C<)iii|i,iiiy's ilrlits. Rich. Goodman to have SO^. per 
annum, he having joiiird Cipt. Axe in ordering the fortifications of 
tlie island. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., p,p. 57, 58.] 
[April 2 k] 53. Answer of the Adventurers of Canada to the articles con- 
tained in a letter from Sir Isaac Wake, the King's Ambassador in 
France, of "^-—^ 1G32 [see Corresp. France]. They relate to the 
Company's instructions to Wake, which the latter complains were 
weali and fiir short of what was necessar}' for their defence ; to the 
unreasonable demands of De Caen ; the restitution of the Helen and 
her goods ; satisftxction for beavers owing by the savages, their 
number and weight. Conceive the carriage of the business to have 
been very unequal, and that " it is plain that the depositions of the 
French are fully approved, and the English wholly rejected." This 
paper is signed by David Kirke " For my mother Eliz. Kirke," 
Robert Charlton, and Will. Berkeley. 

April 25. Minutes of a Meeting for Providence Island. Sam. Filhy to be 
permitted to sail in liis own ship to the Island of Association ; heads 
of articles between him and the Company concluded on. Payments 
for wages of artificers in Providence ordered. [Colonial Entry Bk 
Vol. III., p. 58.] 

April 28. Minutes as above. The nimiber of passengers to be sent over is 
considered ; resolved to put off some until a better opportunity. 
Vai-ious sums ordered as rewards to those who had attended the 
Company's service. Articles between the Company and Thos. 
Goodbarne directed to be sealed. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III. 
'Pp. 58, 59.] 


1032. VoL.VL 

May 8. Minutes of Meetings for Providence Island. Finance. Articles 

with Mr. Filby ordered to be sealed. Instnictions to be sent to 
the Governor and Council for the trial of Capt. Wil. Rudyerd, accused 
of drunkenness, swearing, ill-carriage towards the Governor, and 
other misdemeanors, since he had been in the island. 

May 4. Richard Field, gunner, to be entertained in the Company's service 

at 20/. per annum, to teach the art of gunnery in the island. Re- 
wards granted to Capt. Sam. Axe for his many good services to the 

May 5. An addition to he made to the former intended instructions to 

the Governor and Council concerning Capt. Rudyerd, that if he be a 
reformed man, and not likely to breed division to oppose govern- 
ment, nor hinder the progress of religion, that then they shall 
forbear the trial, but not otherwise. 

May 7. Mr. Pym is desired to write a letter to the Customs for discharge 

fjf the charity and satisftiction of the goods now exported. Math. 
Harbottle to go master mate in her. Ai-ticles witli Mr. Sherard, 
Mr. Ditloff, and Nic. Goodman ordered to be sealed. Letter received 
from the Earl of Holland, Governor of the Company, Avho mediated 
for a fi-iendly accord of the differences with Capt. Rudyerd, ordered to 
be digested by Sir Nat. Rich against next meeting. Request of Mr. 
Bruster for part payment of 1,500/. lately lent by him to the Com- 
pany ; " promised to do what was reasonable." 

May 8. Upon consideration of the Governor's letter it is agreed to revoke 

the former order for the trial of Capt. Rudyerd and to send a general 
instruction to the Governor and Council of the island how to proceed 
against any factious per.son, or a hinderer of religion, &c., to be 
drawn out by Mr. Pym. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., i^p. 

May 8. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Thos. 

Punt, master of the Charity, bound thither. Mr. Rous and other 
passengers to be taken in at PljTuouth ; from thence to go to St. Kitt'.s, 
Nevis and Barbadoes, to pi'ocm-e cotton seeds, and pomegranate slips, 
and salt at St. Martin's. Letters and instructions to be delivered at 
Association, and Mr. Filby, his wife, child, and four servants, landed 
there. Tobacco, pepper, and other seeds to be taken from thence to 
Providence, where the passengers will be landed according to the 
list ; goods delivered to the store, as also the ordnance and am- 
munition, and the letters and instructions to the Governor and 
Council, to remain as long as the Governor appoint. No passengers 
to be brought home without a licence from the Governor and 
Council. Slips of fig trees to be left at Association and lading of 
wood and tobacco taken in there. Passengers to be landed at 
Bermudas sent thither from Providence. [Colonial Entry Bk., 

May 10. Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Mr. 

Halhead, Mr. Rishworth, and Thos. Punt, master, for the government 
of 150 passengers or thereabouts, sent thither in the Charity, with 


1632. ^'«^-^^I- 

power to punish all misbehaving themselves. [Colonial Entry 
Bl:, Vol. I v., p. 42.] 

May 10. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. The Earl of Holland 

Brooke House, elected Governor, Sir Thos. Barrington Deputy, John Pym, 
Treasurer, and WiL Jessop, Secretary. Resolutions passed upon Air. 
Diice's demands for payment of arrears due to him upon account of 
the Seaflower and other money matters. Agreement with John 
Lydsey, Apothecary, entertained in the Company's service. Instruc- 
tions, letters, and commissions to be sent to the island approved and 
ordered to be engrossed. {Colonial Entry BL,Vol. III., pp. 61, 62.] 

T\[ay 10. Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 

Phil. Bell, estabUshing him in the government of that island for 
three years from this date. [Colonial Entry Bl:, Vol. IV., p. 24.] 

l\Iay 10. The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Council. 

Had entertained a favourable opinion of Mr. Morgan's diligence as 
minister, but his seditious and malignant spirit is apparent in two 
letters sent by the late Mr. Essex in the Seaflower. Direct that 
he be suspended forthwith from his ministry, and sent home by the 
next ship. Are assured that his malicious slanders will make no 
impression on the minds of wise men, but enter into a full explanation 
of their conduct, which will provide them with a sufficient answer to 
every aspersion. U nderwritten, is added that a copy of certain articles 
extracted out of Mr. Morgan's letters were also sent inclosed, they 
are not, however, entered. [Colonial Entry Bl:, Vol. IV., pp. 3G, 37.] 

May 10. The Company of Adventurers of Providence Island to the Governor 

and Council. Were glad to hear of the safety of the colony. The 
Seaflower, which arrived in April last, was attacked by a Spanish 
man-of-war. Capt. Tanner behaved well in the fight ; Mr. Essex and 
three others slain. They marvel that Mr. Essex should have so soon 
returned for England. Upon examination of his paper.s, and parti- 
cularly of a petition from divers planters in the island, wonder how 
men can so much forget their duty to God and respect to the Company. 
Contrast the great charge they have been at with men's adventures and 
other plantations, and bitterly reprove the people for their complaints 
that half profits are too small an allowance. Compare the planters to 
the Israelites for their murmurings, and will that " those ungrateful 
persons " be ashamed of their grudgings. Have sent to the furthest 
parts of the world to supply " that as yet poor island " with the 
richest commodities. Encourage tliose who are godly and discreet ; 
admonish the guilty, and threaten their return home ^vith shame 
and dishonour. Ai-e most ready to receive and redress just com- 
plaints. Capt. ELfrith is rebuked for his rashness and disasters in 
his late voyages to the Cape ; no acts of hostility to be in future 
attempted without special directions, and no voyage out of the island 
without consent of the Governor and Council. Have no intention 
to remove any of the inhabitants from their plantations ; leases 


Vol. YJ. 

promised to who desire tliein. Encoui-agement to those con- 
triliuting to the puVjiic woiks ; three or five hundred men could not 
be sent over at present, but a further supply is promised. The 
planters encouraged to go on with the fortifications. Debts due by 
the first plantei-s for provisions. Half profits of the fustick wood 
now received gi-anted to the cutters as desired ; no more to be cut 
without order, being of so little value. Justify their demand of half 
profits ; it is practised in other plantations where tobacco is the only 
commodity, and good profit made. Regret the " illness " of former 
commodities occasionetl by the late Deputy Governor [Jo. Dike's] 
neglect. Desire proof of their complaints of the last .store. Planters 
granted liberty to furnish themselves with necessaries. Regulations 
concerning tobacco and the stores. Do not insist upon men joining 
in families as formerly directed, but leave the planters "to sort 
themselves ;" two acres of land ]ier head to be allotted. Wonder at 
the report of the island's weakness, so different from former advices, 
and especially that the gunner was allo^ved to leave ; ten pieces of 
ordnance now sent. Demand for further snpplies will be considered. 
Instructions for mounting the guns, going on with the fortifications, 
and " the speedy security i >f tlio island." Cannot conceive there is any 
cause for the fear express, d in their letters. Any person ''grudging" 
at their proposed conditions to be sent home in the next ship. Are 
surprised that many of tiie planters should be so desirous to return 
home ; it is not intended to keep any man prisoner. Approbation of 
Cai)t. Bell's proceedings. Promise security against complaint from 
those not previously permitted to leave the i.sland. Edw. Williams 
to be sent home by the next ship for his ill demeanour, im]iiety, and 
dishonesty. Some that went from the Sonicrs Islands in the Sea- 
flower to be returned thither. Directions for the employment and 
kind usage of servants. Ralph Walcott, nephew to Lord Brooke, 
recommended to the care of ]\Ir. Rous, the minister. Approve of the 
agreement made with the Dutchmen for the first year's crop ; 
instructions concerning those resident in the island ; " the industry 
of our [Dutch] carpenter" specially commended. Promise care in 
the choice of honest men. Instructions for the punishment of 
murder, in.surrection, and all minor oftences ; also concerning the 
sale of strong waters. Commend for con.sideration Mr. Floud's 
intended voyage to Jamaica. Wish silk grass to be planted and 
sent home, and sugar canes for private use ; cotton to be made trial 
of; mulberry trees to be procured, also bees and fruits from the 
main. Specially approve the desire to procure Indian children, 
and recommend that a small imndjer of free men should be persuaded 
to accompany them, but no Indian woman. Hope that by wise car- 
riage and religious conversation those poor creatures may be won to 
the love of religion. Request care on the approach of a vessel ; rules 
for trade. Clerks of the stores and their duties. Mr. Floud to be 
relieved from the office of Sheriff', and another apjiointed. Charles 
Wettenhall to be Marshal. iOL, the wages of John Waymouth, 
the gunner, allowed for one year, but not to be continued. A 
clause of secrecy to be added to the Councillors' oath. Ground 


1632. Vol. VL 

should be planted for those sent for the public works. Have now 
sent many men and women. Promise a midwife by the next ship. 
Two magazines provided by this vessel. Twenty plots of 2-5 
acres each to be reserved foj- the special disposal of the first 
20 adventurers. Hen. Halhead, Sam. Rish worth, and Edw. Gates 
to be sworn of the Council. Eules for precedency. Have sent 
three ministers — Mr. Rous, lecturer ; Mr. Sherhard, minister of New 
"Westminster; and Mr. Ditloff. Request they may be consulted 
in matters of importance. Reasons why the Company's ofBeers ai-e 
not yet supplied with servants. Recompence promised to those who 
remain in the island. Worth of Mr. Essex's ground. Messrs. Hal- 
head and Rishworth to have the use of the buildings upon it. Direct 
the Governor and Council by their behaviour and carriage to set a 
powerful example of piety, virtue, and peace ; no man's person nor 
place shall protect him fi-om just punishment. Pahna Christ I seed 
sent over ; directions for planting : one acre of seed wOl bear 300 
trees ; a tree grows eight feet high in three months, and produces 
seed for three gallons of oil. Other seeds and roots .sent. Are 
resolved to dispatch "our next great supplv " witli speed. \Colonial 
Entry Bl:. Vol. IV., pp. 2.5-36.] 

May 10. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Phil. BeU, Governor. 
London. Have received his letters of 1st July 1681 and 21st Dec. last. 
Approve his proceedings in the government. Salary, quantity of land, 
number of servants, and other allowances. Promise to have a care 
of his wife as he desires, but cannot conceive there is just cause to 
fear any accident to the island. Do not think it safe for the Charity 
to can at the Canary Islands, because of the nniltitude of passengers. 
Commend " our surgeon '' and promise liim encouragement. Desire 
him to use with all respect and tenderness the Indians who come 
from the main: the spreading of the gospel being "the greatest 
woi'k both in itself and in our aim." Sei'vants not assigned to 
particular men to be employed upon the public works. Ensign 
Fitch to have two servants. Will. Tidd to continue servant one 
year and then to have a portion of land. Proposals to servants whose 
times are expired. Salt to be taken in at St. Martin's for supply 
of the colony. Regret he has cause to suspect the secrecy of any of 
the Council. Directions for the disposal of land of any master of a 
family leaving the island. Petitions of the Dutch. Complaint 
of Will. Rowlifle's father. Secret inquiry concerning Mr. Essex's 
pretended warrant for his retm-n to England. Planters to have free 
liberty to send letters without being opened, " unless in such pai- 
ticular cases wherein your reasons so to do may give us good 
content." Confirm him Governor for tliree years from the present 
time. Send a token to make use of for their sakes. \Goloniril 
Entry Bl:, Vol. IV., pp. 38-40.] 


The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Bell, Governor. 
Promise time for payment of debts to the Company's stores. Not 

K 3 -^- 




one penny for any goods sent in tlie Seaflower has been receiveJ, 
Are sorry to understand that there was such doubt of a scarcity j 
hope before the next supply of men arrive that " God will enlarge 
your store with a plentiful harvest." Kecommend in future that 
such quantities of corn and other provisions be planted as may 
serve at least for half a year's provision. Desire a difference 
may be made between public letters signed by the Council, and 
his own letters containing his private opinions ; and that all 
]uiV)lic matters of importance may lie taken into consideration by 
the Cnncil. [(M>,rad Eidro Bk., Vol. IV., j>. 40.] 

May 10. The Compan}- of Providence Island to Capt. Dan. Elfrith. Con- 

demn his indiscretion in too freely entertaining " a Mulletto, as you 
call him" in the island, against advice of Council, and in taking 
a Spanish frigate ; but in consideration of his good services, are- 
content not to take notice of former errors. Division of the 20th 
part of the old tobacco between him and Capt. Axe. Answer the 
objection of their reputed backwardness in furnishing supplies. Have 
removed the old planters' discontent about victuals and clothes spent 
by their servants in public works. Excuse his mistakes concerning 
the strength of the island. Refer him to their general instruc- 
tions for fortifications. Suspend their answer to his request for 
government of the forts until Huished. Commend his industry in pro- 
curing plants from the main, and especially his desire to propagate 
religion amongst the poor Indians. Have made trial of his red d3'e 
[tomarin] and find it very useful ; rec^uire him to jjlant and procure 
as much as he can. Exercise of his place of admiralt}'. Eegret that 
his present profits are but little, and grant several privileges for his 
encouragement. Approve of his ]iroposition for discovery of the 
dangerous shoals to the leeward of the island. [Coloniol Entry Bl.:^ 
Vol. IV., p. 41.] 

May 14. Minutt.-s of a Cuurt fur Pro\idrnc.' Island. Ilequt-st of John 

Bi-ooke IIousi-, Pyni to lie relieved from his place of treasurer, referred to the next 
meeting. Instructions, commissions, and letters to the island signed 
and sealed. A meeting to be held on the following day for the 
dispatch of business for the Isle of Association. [Colon iul Entry Blc, 
Vnl. III., pp. 62, G3.] 

May 15. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Phil. Bell, Governor. 

Have heard that some in the island have sent for cards, dice, and 
tables. Pray that if any arrive he will have thena burnt, or at 
least sent back, and strictly prohibit their use under severe penalties. 
Mlslike not lawful recreations, such as chess, shooting, tte. 
[Cohndal Entry Blc, Vol. IV., p. 40.] 

]*Iay 1.1 Miimtes of a Court for Association. Resolved, that a magazine 

Brooke II0U.-0. of provisions be sent thither by Octoljer next, which with other 
i-esolutions, Capt. Hilton, Governor (if that island, is to be made 
acquainted w'th. [Colonial Entry Bl:, Vol. III., p. 63.] 



Vol. VI. 

May 27. 5-1. Governor Harvey to the Virginia Commissiouer.s. The colony 

Virginia, in great want of shoes and other necessaries, yet Capt. Tucker left 
behind him stores well furnished, with instructions not to sell but 
at excessive rates. Recommends that Tucker, Stone, and Maurice 
Thompson should contract for three or more years for all the tobacco 
of the growth of Virginia. A beginning made in the building of 
shipping. Desires the same freedom for the colony, to seek the best 
market as the Ivings other subjects enjoy. Has spent much time in 
I)lanting English grain and vines. Prays for some means or annual 
entertainment to support his great expenses. May as well be called 
the host as the Governor of Vii-ginia ; no other house but his for 
hospitality in James Island, and has been three years without any 

June 12. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. The Treasurer's 
declaration, that every adventurer liring in 1(1(1/. to defray necessary 
engagements, referred for consideration ; also the Company's last 
letter to Capt. Hilton, and the question of sujjply for association. 
Resolutions concerning complaints against Mr. Dike, for overvaluing 
commodities exported in the Sea.flower, agreed to. [Colonial Entry 
Bk, Vol. III., pp. 63, 64.] 

June 12. 55. The King to Sir William Alexander, Robert Charlton, and Wil- 

Greenwich. Ham Berkelej', Commissioners for Canada. The King having consented 
to the restitution of the fort and habitation of QueViee, as taken by 
force of arms since the peace, aud preferring, notwithstanding the 
commission given during the war, the accomplishment of his royal 
word; the Commissioners are commanded, upon the convenience 
of sending into those parts, and of means for the people to return, 
to order all the King's subjects, as well soldiers in garrison as 
inhabitants and planters, to give up possession to those appointed 
by the French King in the same state as at the time of taking. 
Any person showing himself cross or refractory, wiU incur the 
King's highest indignation and the punishment due to ofienders of 
so high a nature. 
June 14-15. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Order upon Mr. 
Drooke House. Barber s deniaiids fir jiioiiey disbursed "in the voyages of discovery." 
Rescihitiniis |..i.s('(l (•(iiieriuiiig tlic power of any member of the 
Conipaiiy tn o|' part of his adventure, so that the burden 
of his charge may be more easily borne, and the island sooner 
fortified and peopled. These resolutions confirmed on 26th Nov. 
following. At an adjourned meeting, at 6 p.m. on the same day, it 
was ordered that each adventurer should fiu-ther pay in 100/. to the 
common stock within a month, for supply of provisions to the 
value of 2,000/. sent in the Charity. Debate upon the necessity of 
a supply for association. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p)p. 64, 65.] 

June 1 6. Minutes as above. Arguments for sending a supply to Association. 
Agreed that the Company's resolution should be respited until 
Monday, the 18th inst., upon which day. Mi-. Deputy being unable 
to attend, the General Court dissolved. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., pp. 66, 67.] 


1G32. ^'-■•^'^- 

June IG. Crant (if the Cnuncil for New England to Cleorge Way and 
Thomas Purchase of certain hnids in New England called the 
River Bishop.scotte, and all that hounds and limits the main land 
adjoining the river to the extent of two miles. \_Colonial Corresp., 
1G20, Xov. 3.] 

June IG. Minute of the above. [Ihil] 

[June IG] 5G. Minute [liy Sir Wil. Alexander] of some points considerable 
for the King's service, with re.spect to the possession of New Scot- 
land by the French at this time. Not ^^•arranted by tha late treaty ; 
some speedy act should disprove it. The pretended title of the 
French to Virginia and New England may prove dangerous to the 
King's subjects. The French have a more than ordinary de.sign, 
having sent 300 men thither this year, and promised large annual 
supplies. Building of .ships, employing them in fishing, and the 
maniifaeture of salt there cannot but be prejudicial, and undo the 
Enu'lisli lisliiiig trade on that coast. Suggests that the King should 
aiipoiiit iHisiais to consider these things, that some expedient may 
be propounded tending to the advancement of the King's service 
and the jmblic good. [Endorsed by Sec. Coke, " Sir W. Alexander's 
note for New Scotland."] Sir Isaac Wake, the English Ambassador 
at Paris, writes to " those of Acadia and Port Royal," on „ . ''^^, 

' ... -^ ' 9 April 

1632. that having brought his negociations to a happy conclusion, 
the King has expressly commanded, through Lord Sterling, that 
^b.ii-;. Pia-illy. or some other in his name, be peaceably suffered to 
t.iki' pos^rssiiin of the fort and habitation of Port Royal in Acadia. 
L'lini-iTiiiiig the demolition and the transportation of provisions and 
munitions, agreement may be made to the best advantage, or the 
King's and Lord Stei-ling's directions followed, [See Corrcsj) 
Fran-ce, 1G32, ^-Jgf ■] 

June 19. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Mr. Dike's accounts. 
Brooke House. Compositions agreed on with Sir Nath. Rich and Mr. Barber, for 
their expenses in the first voyage of discovery. Refusal of Mr. Dike 
to accept the Comjiany's propositions. Report of Mr. Hart upon 
sending a ship to Association Island, wdiere he also proposed to take 
a certain number of negroes and provisions ; requested to make 
further inquiry and report again. [Culoiiud Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 67, 68.] 

June 20. Patent to Cecil Calvert, Baron of Baltimore, containing a grant 
Westminster, of the Pro\'ince of Maryland. Latin. [Copy examined and cor 
reeled by the oru/inal, communicated by Mr. Beake from Lord 
Baltimore, 17-23, July 5. Colonial Entry Bk., Xo. 52, 2^- 1-19.] 

June 20. 57. Another eo]iy of the same patent, certified by Hen. Rooke, 
WeBimiDster. derk of the Rolls Chapel. [This ami ihr preceding copy of Lord 
Bull imores charter differ in this respect, that in the pnrsent copy 
t lie contracted ivords are not extended; in. the preceding copy they 
It' ICC been vjritten in extenso from the original in the possession of 
Lord Baltimore] 


1(332. V'-^^-VI- 

June ? 58. Considerations of olijections to Lord Baltimore's patent ; 

in matter of law, ineon\-enienee, and ei|nity ; on lielialf of tlie par- 
ticular persons of the old [Virginia] Company. 

June ? 59. Copy of the above. 

June 21. Minutes of the Council for New England. Lord Maltravers 
"VVarwickliouse, received into the New England Company as a Councillor and 
Patentee, and Capt John Mason as a Councillor. Thomas Eyre ap- 
pointed secretary, and ordered to prepare rough draft of a patent 
for the Earl of Warwick ; Sir Ferd. Gorges will give the par- 
ticulars. [Culoiual Corre^p., 1631, Nov. 4, p. 11.] 

June 21. Minutes of a Court for Providence and Association Islands. 
Brooke House. Report of Mr. Hart that his proposal for negroes could not be 
effected ; some other course to be taken. Supply for Association not 
to exceed 500/. Licence to settle there upon paying a twentieth 
part of the proceeds of labour to the Company. Letter to Capt. 
Hilton to inform him why no men are sent at present. Tobacco 
brought over by the Sealiower in the custom house. Treasurer's 
accounts. Forty shillings a month to be paid to Capt. Tanner, 
until his services are again required. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 69, 70.] 

June 26. Minutes of the Council for New England. Mr. Humphrey's coni- 
Warwick I louse, plaint that his ships were not allowed, contraiy to his patent, to 
° °^^' transport passengers to Massachusetts Bay without licence from the 
Council of New England, referred to the next meeting, and he re- 
quested to bring Matthew Cradock and any others Nvith him. Lord 
Thurles, Sir James Bagg, and Sir Kenelm Digby, admitted Coun- 
cilloi'S. Rough draft of a patent to the Earl of Warwick read, who 
directed that it be made out to Lord Rich and his associates ; the 
limits, 30 English miles westward and 50 miles northwards, agreed 
to. Licence to be granted to Edward Astley to go to New England, 
when he puts in security for his good behaviour there. Motion made 
concerning the confiscation of a Holland ship from the Dutch plan- 
tation near Hudson's River in New England, now at Plymouth. 
[Colonial Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4, f>p. 13, 14.] 

June 28. Minutes as above. Lord Chamberlain Lindsey and James 
Montague admitted councillors. Mr. Humphreys and Mat- 
thew Cradock reproved for falsely accusing Sir Ferd. Gorges 
at the last meeting, of not suffering any ship or passenger 
to pass to New England without licence. Mr. SaltingstaU desired 
to make a map of Salem and Massachusetts Bay for the Council. 
{Colonial Corre.^j)., 1G31, Nor. 4, />. 14.] 

June 29. Minutes as above. Sir Kenelm Digby admitted a member 

Warwick House, of the Council. There being in all about 21 Councillors, agreed 

° °"' that the whole number of 40 should with all convenient speed 

be tilled up. Sir Hen. SpUman is entreated to prepare draught of 



Vol. VL 

a new patent. Tlie place of meeting to be in future at Captain 
l^Lison's liouse iu Fenchurch Street. [Colonial Gorrcsp., 1631 
Nov. 4, p. i.y] 

June? 60. Petition of Sir John Lawrence, Sir Edmund Plowden, Sir 

Boyer Worsley, John Trusler, Roger Pack, Will. Inwood, Thos. 
Ryebread, Clias. Barret, and George Noble, adventurers, to the 
King. Are willing at their own cost, to plant at a remote place, 
called Manati or Long Isle, 150 miles to the noi'th of James City, 
and settle three hundred inlialiitants there for the making of wine, 
salt, iron, &c. Pray for a patent of the said isle and thirty square 
tniles of the adjoining coast, to be erected into a county palatine 
called Syov, and to be held of His Majesty's Crown of Ireland, with 
the like title and privileges to Sir Ed. Plowden, as was granted to 
Sir Geo. Calvert in Newfoundland by King James. [In Stafford's 
letters and despatches Vol. I., ^)j). 72, 73, will be found a petition 
from Sir Ed. Plowden, &c., praying for a grant of Isle-Plowdtn, 
otherwise Long Isle, where the petitioners are willing to settle five 
hundred inhabitants, and also for forty leagues square of the adjoining 
continent, to be erected into a county palatine by the name of Nevj 
Albion. This petition is inclosed in a warrant fi-om the King to the 
Lords Justices, dated July 24th, 1632, directing them to cause the 
grant forthwith to be passed with the customary privileges for 

June? 61. Tlie commodities of the island called Manati or Long Lsland, 

within the continent of Virginia. Places fit to build and launch 
ships. Good trade with the Indians A fi.sherman in six months 
may make his wages worth GO/. ])er annum. The first year's outlay 
will build, fortify, and provide labourers. Winter very sharp during 
two months iu the year. The spring waters as good as small beer. 
Thirty soldiers .should reside in a round stone tower for security of 
the colony. Terms upon which the partners are willing to maintain 
the governor and -50 soldiers and mariner.s, to tratle by turns with 
the Indians. Endor.sed by Sec. Coke. 

June. 62. Warrant to Sir James Bagg for release of a Dutch ship, the 

Endraught, of Amsterdam, belonging to the West India Company of 
Holland, which coming from the river Manhattan in New England, 
was stayed at Plymouth in February last. The King, at the earnest 
reipiest of the Ambassador from the United Provinces, is pleased to all the goods and merchandise in the ship, notwithstanding 
His Majesty's right to the territories whence they came ; but declares 
that if the Dutch remain there without his licence, they shall impute 
it to themselves if hereafter they suffer. 

July -1. 63. Governor John Winthrop to Jnlm White, Minister of the 

Jlassachusetts. Gospel. Hopes at length to .see him at Massachusetts, that he may 

reap some fruit of all his labours and cost bestowed upon " this work 

of the Lord." Advises him of the paynient of wages to Jo. Gallopp, 

Jo. El ford, and others. Has disbursed about 3001. for the Company's 


TPo.-, Vol. VL 

engagements, and possesses but some cattle and old kettles for it. 
Entreats him to persuade Gallopp's wife to come over. Marvels at 
her weakness that she will live miserably with her children in 
England, wlien she might live comfortably over there with her 
husband. The surveyor of their ordnance has returned home to his 
native Germany ; they were loth to part with him. Is in want of 
cod lines and hooks. Fears his brother and sister are dead, as they 
take no notice of his letters. Incloses, 

63. I. Order to "Brother Dov:nin[j" to p"'/ the bearer 12?. hi/ the 
alloicuiice of John White of Dorchester, for f.^himj 
lines to be sent to him into Neiu England ; signed Jo. 
Winthroj). Mussc(chusetts, July -i. 

1632? 64. General observations by [Rev. John] "White of Dorchester," 

fcir the plantation of New England. Reasons for taking the land 
so long possessed by .savages. The young should be sent, for it is a 
great work, and requires skilful artificers. Great and fundamental 
errors have been committed, profit being the chief aim and not the 
propagation of religion. The very scum of the earth sent over, and 
a right form of government not established. Argues at length, 
chiefly on religious grounds, upon the benefits likely to ensue from 
tlie plantation. 

Aug. 31. 6.5. Thomas Wiggin to " Master Downing." Complains of the 
Bristol. carriage of an unworthy person. Sir Christopher Gardiner, who has 
lately returned from New England, wliere lie went more than two 
years ago. Isaac Allerton informed against him to the Governor. 
Would push some means to stop his mouth, having most scandalously 
and basely abused " that worthy Governor, Ma^. Winthrop." Hopes 
one Lane, a merchant tailor, who has Tieen in the West Indies, will 
talk with Mr. Humphreys concerning ;i certain staple commodity, 
which he desires to plant in New England. " Staple commodities 
are the things they want there." Need not declare the happy pro- 
ceedings and welfare of New England. It is a wonder to see what 
they have done in so small a time. [JEn'lorsed by Sec. Coke.'] 

[Sept.] 66. Petition of the adventurers to Canada to the Privy Council. 

According to their Lordships' order of 25th July last, Attorney Gen. 
Noye made his report, and awarded to the petitioners 400 marks 
from Maurice Thompson, and 200/. from Capt. Eustace Man, which 
they refuse to pay. Pray that this contempt may be taken into 
consideration, as also the great charges they have l3een at in taking 
Quebec, keeping it ever since, and now delivering it up to the 
French, almost to the ruin of their estates. Annexed, 

66. I. Attorney Gen. Noye to the Privy Council. RepoH upon 
the complaint of Copt. Kirke against Capt. Man and Mr. 

Thompso7iforfriidi,ig nhnuf Caniiela. Proposes as a fined 
end to those emit r'lr, rsi, s f],,it ('<i[itain Man should pay 
200Z. and M. Th<>mp.^r,,i 400 marks, but " without expecting 
, any of their assents." 


1C32. ^''^'"^'^- 

GG. II. Cirtifv'iU of Jo. Peacock, solicitor to the adventurers of 
Cmtdda; ih'it he has demanded iOO marks of Maurice 
Thompson, who mid he owed the adventurers noihin(j,nor 
nothing wouhl he paij. 1()32, Sept. 5. 

Oct. G7. Governor John Wintlirop and Jolm "Wilson to Dr. StoiiLclitnn. 

Boston, Have heard with much joy of the di.sposition of his thoughts Inwards 

New EngianO. ^j^g Lord's work begun in Boston. Assure him that it wouhl much 

add to the comfort of their souls if he would go to New England and 

help thcui. Kefers him to the bearer, ilr. Peirce, their most faitliful 

friend, for information on all other matter.s. 

Nov. G. Jlinutcs of the Council for Xew England. The numlier of the 

V:\\<i. Mason's Council to be filled up. A new patent from the King to be obtained. 

lloMsc-, Fen- p^teuts formerl}' granted, examined. No shipj^passengers, nor goods 

c mrc 1 btrcet. ppj.|j|j,.(.g^| ^^ g^-, ^^ jsjg^ England without licence from the President 

and Council. " No fishermen allowed to trade with the savages, nor 

with the servants of the planters. The King's letters to be procured 

to the Lieutenants of Shires for the poorer sort of people to go 

to New England. A surveyor to be sent over for settling the limits 

of every plantation, also Commissioners to hear and determine 

diflierences and relieve grievances. The Dutch plantation to be 

considered. Special officers to be transported in the ship London 

Merchants. Copy of Lord Baltimore's patent of Delaware Bay in 

Virginia, to be taken for Sir Hen. Spilman. [Colonial Corresp., 

1631, Nov. ^,pp. 15-17.] 

Nov. 13. Minutes as above. A petition to be prejiared to tlie King to 

I,„nl Great speak with the Dutch Andja.ssador concerning the Dutch plantation 

( ■i.uiub.rlaufs ^ i'l ^^*^"^^' England, tliat they should forthwith either relinquish it or 

[crnnon]''Kow.become subjects of the King of England. John Peacock appointe<l 

solicitor in tlie matter of a new patent. Divers petitions for patents 

of land in New England deferred. [Colonial Corresjx, 1G31, Xov. 

4, p. 17.] 

Nov. 19. G8. [Capt.] Tho. Wiggln to Sec. Cnke. Having lately returned New England, and visited the English plantations there. ]iar- 
ticularly the Massachusetts, " the largest, best, and most pros]iering 
in all that land," sends some observations of that country and 
plantation. The country well stored with timber, and will afiord 
cordage, pitch, and tar. The English, numbering about 2,000, and 
generally most industrious, have done more in three years than 
others in seven times that space, and at a tenth of the expense. 
They are loved and respected bj- the Indians, who repair to the 
Governor for justice. He [John Wintlirop] is a discreet and sober 
man, wearing plain apparel, assisting in any ordinary labour, and 
ruling Avith much mildness and justice. Is induced as an eye 
witness to clear the reputation of the plantation from false rumours 
spread abroad by Sir Christ. Gardiner, Morton, and Piatclift'e, all 
discontented and scandalous characters ; proofs of which are set 
forth. Upon their false information, Sir Ferd. Gorges is projecting 


1G32. ''''"''■ 

liow to deprive tlie plantation of the ]irivileges granted by the King, 
and to sulwert tlie Government, whicli will be the utter ruin of 
that hopeful colony. Has written this letter out of respeet to the 
general good. 

Nov. ? G9. Petition of Edward Winslow, agent for the planters in New 

England, to [the Privy Council]. Confesses that he had spoken liy 
way of exhortation to the people in America, and liad performed tiie 
marriage ceremony there, the inhal)itants having been seven or 
eight years without a minister, but that had he not done so " we 
might have lost the life and face of Christianity." Reasons for tiie 
colonists leaving England, " disliking many things in practice here 
in respect of Church ceremony," and choosing rather to leave the 
country than be accounted troublers of it. Keplies to objections 
that they are Brownists, factious Puritans, and schismatics. De- 
scribes the fruitfulness of the country of New England, their con- 
tentions with the French and Dutch, and the valuable .supplies tiiey 
can export to England, if the King will continue to them liberty of, aftbrd facilities for new settlers, and grant them a free 
commission for displanting the French and Dutch, Refers to 
consideration the characters of their adversaries, Morton, twice sent 
to luigland as a delinquent. Sir- Christopher Gardiner, a Jesuit, and 
one Dixie Bull, a pirate. Praj's that a country so hopeful may not 
be ruined, nor allowed to suffer by reason of his imprisonment. 

Nov. 21. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. A magazine gone to 
l^ruoke House. Association, and the island supplied with a minister. Custom of 
tobacco brought home in the Seaflower. Auditors appointed. 
Allowance to Capt. Tanner to cease, he having undertaken other 
employments. Mr. Dike's demands against the Company. Petition 
from a poor seaman who had received an incurable wound in 
the Company's service, praying for relief, referred for considera- 
tion. Charges incurred by Mr. Rous and family, and others, 
attending the Company's ships' an-ival at Plymouth, ordered to 
be paid. Tlie defence of Providence, and Capt. Hilton's proposi- 
tion for the discovery of Fonseca referred to the next meetin.f. 
[Cohmial Eati-ii Bt, Vol. HI., pp. 70-73.] 

Nov. 26. Minutes of the Council fur New England. Patents granted to 
Lord Chamber- Sir Christ. Gardiner, Capt. Wiggin, and Mr. Delbordge [Delbridc^e ?] 
ChiUnell How. ?^ Barnstaple. _ Delivery of the Great Seal. Exanjination of al, uses 
in the plantations of New England referred to tlie Council on 2yth 
May last, by the Lords of the Privy Council, to be speedily taken 
into consideration. Capt. John Mason chosen Vice-President. 
[Colonial Corresp., 1G31, Nov. 4, p. IS.] 

Nov. 26. J\linutes of a Court for Providence Island. Previous resolu- 

Mr. Treasurer's tions confirmed for lessening the bunlen of Adventurers, so that 

" ^'"'=* the island may be the sooner jieopled and fortified. Several persons 

wdio had contracted with members of the Company for parts of their 

shares, admitted adventurers. Auditing of Mr. Treasurer and Mr. 

Hart's accounts. Resolutions for raising money to carry out Capt. 


1632. ^'""•''^- 

Hilton's design for discovery of the island of Fonseca. The Charity 
shortly expected home. Petition to be presented to the King for 
renewing a grant for goods exported to be custom free and " easy " 
on tobacco imported. Instructions for the intended voyage to 
Fonseca. Relief to seamen hurt in the Company's service under 
Capt. Tanner. Disposal of the fustick [wood] from Providence. 
Division of tobacco from the Seailower. The Company's patent to 
be sent to Providence and Association. Robt. Abbott to have 
licence to go in the next ship to Providence. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., lyp. 73-77.] 

Dec. 12. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Report of Mr. Hart 
Mr. Treasurer's upon the intended voyage to Fonseca ; he is ordered to procure 
Lodging. ^ pinnace of forty tons to carry at least twenty persons. Math. Har- 
bottle to be employed. {Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 78.] 

1G32. 70. [The Virginia Commissioners] to the Governor and Company 

of Virginia. Are informed by the adventurers of the ship America 
that an edict has been made by them for all ships arriving in 
Virginia to unlade at the port of James City, to the gi-eat prejudice 
of the petitionee. Request that the petitioners now proceeding to 
that plantation may unlade and relade in the ports they think most 
convenient. {Drafts 
1632. 71. Minute that Sir Wil. Alexander, Robt. Charlton, and Wil. 

Berkeley were Commissioners for the Gulf and River of Canada 
and parts adjacent. 

Jan. 3. 72. Emanuel Downinge to Sec. Coke. Has made inquiries res 

pecting the ship-carpenters Mr. Winthrop, the Governor, had with 
liim in New England. There is Wil. Stephens, who built the Royal 
Merchant of 600 tons, so able a shipwright as tliere is hardly such 
another to be found in this kingdom, and two or three others. Is 
informed that the plantation will next year build sliips of any 
bunh'u. Incloses a copy of the order of the Privy Council. Prays 
(mhI til assist him. Hopes those lewd and scandalous persons may 
rcct'ive condign punishment, and the plantation proceed with en- 
couragement, as it deserves. Incloses, 

72. I. Order of the Privy Council appointing a committee to 
examine and report how the patents for plantations in 
New England have been granted ; the truth of petitions 
from planters there, and a written relation by Sir Chris- 
topher Gardiner. 1632, Dec. 19. 

Fell. 2. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Mrs. Sherland will 

Mr. Treasurer's paj' uo more money into the Company's stock. Demands of the 
House. owners of the Charity. Agreement concerning various sums due 
from Mr. Dike. Necessity of a present supply for the island. The 
services of Mr. Hooke for the voyage to Fonseca accepted ; to choose 
ten men to accompany him, and give in a list of their names for 
approval. Math. Hai'bottle confirmed master of the pinnace for 


1G33. ^'"'-^'I- 

Fonseca, with an allowance of il. per month, and Mr. Eray, mate, 
upon Capt. Hilton's recommendation. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 78, 79.] 

Feb. 4. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. To bring the island to 

Brooke House, perfection, and prevent the hazai-d of a total loss, each member moved 
to make up his adventure 1,000?., when he may refuse to go further. 
Discharge of bonds. Dispatch of a large supply to Providence. 
Dangers to be apprehended through the near neighbourhood of the 
Spaniards. The honour of the Church and Common-wealth and their 
own consciences and reputation at stake. Advantages. Committee 
concerning Capt. Hilton's design for discovery of Fonseca, a matter 
of great importance. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 80, 81.] 

Feb. 12. Minutes as above. Demands of the owners of the Charity for al- 

Brooke House, lowance of freight. Sir Nath. Rich desired to draw up rules for the 
future proceedings of the Company. Mr. Upton admitted a member. 
Accounts referred for consideration. Committee to attend business 
incident to the voyage for Fonseca. Details connected with the 
charges and appointment of Mr. Wolsley for that service. Con- 
cluded that each adventurer make up his share to 1 ,000?. for the 
islands of Providence and Association. Mrs. Sherland advised to join 
the Company in that engagement. [Colonial Entry Blc, Vol.111., 
pp. 82-84.] 

Feb. 1.3. Minutes as above. Petition of the Earl of Holland, Governor of 

Brooke House, the Company, to the King, for an exemption from the custom of 
goods exported and imported by the Company taken into considera- 
tion, and resolved that if an answer is not procured within three 
days, they will then j^resent a petition for a grant to thenxselves. 
Two of their members desired " to treat with the Lord Treasurer for 
his assistance to the effecting thereof" [Colon ial Entry BI,\, Vol. III., 
p. 87.] 

Feb. 15. Minutes as above. The Committee in town to open all 

]iul)lic letters brought by the Charity, and order a supply f(.)r 
that island. Demands of Mi-. Dike for the fresh voyage of 
discover}^ and his proposals for sending men thither at his own 
charge. Tools and arms for supply of the island against the next 
voyage. Agreement with Mr. Lane to ship himself in the Company's 
pinnace for Fonseca, or if that island be not discovered to Providence, 
to plant his madder, teach his skill to the inhabitants, and be an agent 
for the Company in other parts of the Indies. A pattern of drugs 
and commodities likely to be procured in the Indies to be "sent along 
■with the Indian" for their better discovery. Power to the Committee 
to wiite in the Company's name to Capts. Bell, Hilton, or any others. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., vp 84-8G.] 

Feb. 18. Minutes as above. Power to the Committee to write to Capt. 

Hilton in the Company's name proposing to join with him in ec^ual 
division of charge and profit of his forty negroes, and in the pur- 




cliase of more for Association or Providence. Adventurers to pay 
2()/. eai-li fur Imyin^ provi.sions against the next .supply. Eight more 
servants assigned to Mr. Lane to be sent to Fonseca. Authority for 
the purchase of a pinnace, witli forty or fifty men, and provisions 
to be set forth. Ca]it Roper to go master. [Colonial Entry Blc, 
Vol. III., 'pp. 86, 87.] 

Feb. 20. 73. Gov. Harvey to the Privy Council. It has always been liis care 
Virginia, to moderate the excess of tobacco, by lessening the quantity and 
mending the quality and price. Samples of potashes have been sent 
home and are well approved. Great quantities of saltpetre may 
also be expected, of which a sample is sent by Capt.Wil. Button, who 
is able to give a good account of the present state of the colony. 
Skilful persons should be transported to set the iron works on foot. 
English wheat will be planted. The colony on good terms with 
the Indians. Recommends that the duties [on tobacco] be trebled, 
" for the helping forward better matters." Prays that his entertain- 
ment may be settled. 

March 4. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. " The master's in- 
Mr. Treasurer's structions for Fonseca" di-awn up. Letters to be written to Capt. 
Lodging. Hilton, containirig directions in case discovery is not made of that 
island or that it be found unfit for habitation ; to Capt. Bell that 
should the pinnace go to Providence, he may have notice that Capt. 
Hook is .sent with ten men to be employed " upon the terms of 
halves," and that a supply may soon be effected. Capts. Hilton and 
Bell to make what improvement they are able of the Indian by way 
of trade in his own country. {Colonial Entry Blc, Vol. III., p. 88.] 

Mai-cli .5. ]\Iinutes of a Committee for Providence Island. The most com- 

Jlr. Treasurer's modious Way of sending passengers [to Fonseca] not to exceed 

Lodging, twenty, tlie pinnace not capable of accommodating more than that 

number ; and other details connected with the voyage. \_Colonial 

Entry BJ.:, Vol. III., pp. 88, 89.] 

March 9-11. TMinutes as aliove. The Charity in the Downs. The Company's 
letters brought by the purser on the following day [9th]. On lltli 
the general letters are read and all the memliers of the Company are 
requested to come to London to take them into consideration. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 89.] 

March 15. Minutes as above. Payment of the mariners' wages of the Charity 
and other matters connected with her discharge. Mr. Morgan's sub- 
mission ; acknowledges his two calumnious letters fi'om Providence 
and his wrong to the Company. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. Ill, 
pp. 89, 90,] 

March 16. Minutes as above. Directions touching the charge of carrj'ing 
twenty men and twenty tons of goods to Providence ; the pur- 
chase of clothes, shoes, and tools for them ; the rest of the twenty 


1633. ^«^- ^'^• 

tons to be inade up iu shoes, sliirts, canvas suits, and tools ; Mr. 
Holligrove to take his ship from Providence immediately to Associa- 
tion to be freighted. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pjh 90, 9L] 

March 19. Minute of a Committee for Providence Island. Upon a request 

Brooke House, of Mr. Dike concerning liis adventure in the voyage of discovery 

[to Fouseea]. [Colon kd Entry BL, Vol. III., j). 9L] 

March '20. Minute as above. Tlie wife of Thos. Gryme, gunner in Associa- 
Brooke House, tion Island, is allowed twenty shillings towards her maintenance, in 
consideration of her husband's good services there. [Colonial Entry 
Bk, Vol. III., 2^.91.] 

Mai'ch 21. Minutes as above. The mariners of the Charity are examined 
Brooke House, upon divers Complaints concerning the ill carriage of Mr. Punt in 
his late voyage — not providing for the comfort of the passengers ; 
abating a considerable portion of their allowance of bread and beer; 
imcivil xisage of Mr. Halhead, joined in commission with himself 
in command of the passengers ; beating a seaman who comjjlained 
of want of victuals, and taking in "ill water" at Nevis. The 
mariners allowed -tOs. for dinner. Mr. Morgan's submission drawn 
up by himself accepted. His liooks left in Providence to be priced by 
a stationer when the Company will purciiase them ; his request for 
reward referred for consideration. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. Ill, 
pp. 92, 93.] 

March 22. Minutes as above. Payment to the workmaster's wife for services 

Brooke House, in Providence. Estimate of the charges for fitting out the pinnace 

[fur Fonseca] to be prepared. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 91'.] 

March 26. Minutes as above. Letters to Capts. Eell and Hilton are dis- 
Brooke House, patched. After debate the intended voyage to Fonseca is respited ; 
the pinnace to be forthwitli disjiatched to Providence and touching 
at Association to take iu Capt. Hilton and such persons as he may 
appoint for discovery of trade in the Bay of Darien. Mr. Hook to 
have his full number of ten servants, Mr. Lane but six, with an 
addition by the next ship. Money provided for discharge of the 
Charity. Five pounds bestowed upon Mr. Morgan, and Mr. Treasurer 
desired to make the payment agreed upon for his books. The Com- 
pany's mark to be placed upon ten pieces of ordnance for Providence 
by the next ship. Fifty shillings to be paid Hiunph. Isham, one of 
the mates iu the Ciiarity. Strict examinati(m to be made on Friday 
next into the complaints against Punt. Mr. Bradle}^ to have liberty 
to go to Providence, and six servants to be sent to him by the next 
ship. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. Ill, pp. 9I-9G.] 

March 2S. Minutes as above. Bon<l of 1,000/. for the use of the Company 
Brooke House, ser.led Aoreements with Edw. Williams signed. [Colonial Entry 
Jik., Vol. ill., p. 90.] 

April 10. Tlie Company of Provi.lenco Island to Capt. Bell, Covcrnor. 
London. Have received his letters of 9th Nov. and 1 9 Dec. last. Allow him 32 



1038. ^'"'- ^^■ 

servant.-i for salaiy, and encoui'age liim to look after the planting of 
cotton, madder, and other commodities Avhich will return good pro- 
fits. Will take care that Ijy the next ship the sui-geon's chest is 
well furnished. Thank him for his good usage of the Indians. 
Are glad that former breaches are made up, and desire tliat unity 
may be preserved. Conceive tliat 20 or 40 negroes might he very 
useful for pulilic work.s, hut think that too great a number in the 
island might as 3'et be dangei'ous. If any ordnance taken by the 
Dutch, is offered, he is authorized to give commodities or victuals in 
exchange. Some restrictions in trading with strangers removed, and 
certain privileges allowed. Hope that the reports of the enemy's pre- 
parations are untrue. Eecommend diligence in fortification. Re- 
joice to hear of the people's thankfulness for faithful ministers and 
their desire for a continual suj)ply ; intend to send one over by the 
next ship to supply Mr. Ditloff's place if he still purposes a removal. 
Concur in approbation of the mates. Wells and Collins. Will enter- 
tain his proposals for procuring cochineal, &c. AVants for the com- 
munion shall be prevented hereafter. Commend his attention to 
their instructions concerning Mr. Morgan ; and his advice in getting 
able men experienced in mai-tial employments ; hope to send a sup- 
])ly by the next ship. " Our Dutch Carpenter" to be encouraged. 
Request him to defer setting out the 20 proportions [of land] for 
the Company ; to enquire into Wil. Russell's complaints that agree- 
ments had not been kept with him. Mr. Punt's misdemeanors are 
under examination. Truck for the Indians now sent. Directions 
concerning the meal taken over in the Hopewell. Commend the 
readiness of Capt. Rudyerd and his men to finish his fort. Will 
maintain the authority of the Council table. Masons, carpenters, 
and sawyers by the next ship. Commend Serjeant Whitehead. Justify 
his censure of Jeremy Elfrith for opposing Mr. Morgan, but desii-e 
him to inform Elfrith that the Company are willing to take him into 
their favour. Agree to widow Bunberiy's request, to be discharged 
from the Company's service. Explain the meaning of the 23rd 
Articleof their late iiisti-uetions, touching those that die in the island. 
Comment upon Mr. Ditloff's reasons for suspending Mr. Halheadfrom 
the sacrament. Desire that Mr. Holligrove, Mr. Yeo, and their servants 
niaj' be carefully " disposed of" Twenty jiassengers now sent over. 
Desire he will assign jjortions of land in the most convenient places 
to Mr. Hook, Mr. Bradley, and Mr. Lane. Request that Mr. Lane 
may be aflbrded eveiy facility for planting his madder. Direct 
him to entertain Capt. Hilton with aU fitting courtesy should he go 
in the pinnace to Providence, and to allow Lane and Roger Floud 
to accompany Hilton. Detailed instructions concerning the voyage. 
Liberty to Captain Bell, notwnthstanding any former restraint, to of his tobacco to the Dutch. [Colonial Entry Bk:, Vol. 
IV., pp. 4G-48.] 

April, The Governor and Company of Pi-ovidence Island to Governor 

V>v\\. Have received his letters and are rejoiced to hear of the safety 
and plenty of the colony. Complain that their instructions were 


]G33. Vol. YL 

not attended to, for taking in a freight, prepared against tlie return 
of tbe Cliarity to Association, whereby the Company have sustained 
much loss, and the pLmters much damage. Directions for the dis- 
posal of 20 men and goods now sent. Another supply of a larger 
proportion may shortly be expected. Recommend care in planting 
necessary provisions and iu the further discovery of ways of profit 
for the Company. Wish cotton to bepUmted, Imtf irbid the sending 
home of any freight by this ship. [C'uluniu.l Entrij Bk., Vol. 
IV., p. 44.] 

April 1 0. The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Council, 
l.ondon. Have received their letters of 9th Nov., and approve of their care. 
Have remitted Mr. Morgan's offence tipon his submission. Are 
very sorry that the passengers were visited with " that dangerous 
infection;" great care taken for their comfort, and inquuy is being 
made by whom the Company's intentions were abused. A magazine 
could not be transjiorted by this pinnace [tlie Elizabeth] but supplies 
will be furnished by the next ship, particularly necessaries for the 
surgeon, a good quantity of wine for the communion, and a convenient 
supply of strong waters to be " used for health and not for disorder." 
Answer complaints concerning the " illness" of the meal. Hope the 
planters' future diligence will recompense their former slackness in 
fortification. Small returns from the island ; means to be adopted to 
increase them. Encourage the planting of cotton. Are exceedingly 
glad of the reformation occasioned by their instructions, and strongly 
recommend the preservation of imity and peace. Disposal of 
servants and plantations by the next ship. Instructions to put 
the coneys into the little islands or else destroy them, as being 
more destru.-tive than rats. Desire a valuation may be put upon 
the estate of Ed. Williams. Complain of the long detention 
of the ship at Providence. Intend to lay the foundation of a trade 
at Cape Gratia de Dios, and to employ j)ersons acquainted with the 
character and language of the Indians. Forbid trucking with them. 
Conduct to be observed towards them. Direct examination into 
complaints that the stores are partially distributed. Hope that 
former experience will prevent the planters from incurring tlie hazard 
of want. Commend the coiu'age shown upon "the Dutchmen's" 
approach, and desire that a course be resolved upon in case " any 
suspicious ship shall press on the shore in that manner." [Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. IV., pp. 45, 46.] 

Ajnil 10. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Mr. HoUygrove 
iji-ookf House, to have authority to take with him from St. Kitt's to Providence 
twenty men, upon certain conditions ; Capt. Camock to buy Lord 
Paulet's pinnace for the Company. Two mates. Wells and Collins, to 
be again employed in the Company's service. Mr. Upton to purcliase 
Irish beef and other provisions in Devonsliire for their next voyage. 
Answers to the general letters from Providence and Association are 
signed and sealed. [Colonial Erdrij Bk., Vol. III., p. 97.] 



1G33. ^'-•^^- 

April 13. Minutes of a Committee for Pi-ovidcnee Island. Examination 
Brooke House, of tile accusations against Punt, in presence of tlie blasters of tlio 
Trinity House; particulars of the charge to Le submitted for their 
opinions. Finance. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., j'p. 97, 98.] 

April 1 5. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Richard 
Lane, Lound in the Elizal)eth to the West Indies. On his arrival 
at Association, if Ca])t.. Hilton resolve not to accompany him, to 
receive from him and Capt. Bell directions for " our intended trade." 
If Capt. Hilton goes, to accompany liim to Providence, and after 
planting his madder to depart with Capt. Hilton for managing the 
trade, an account of which is to he kept. Preservation, making 
inventories, and sending home the commodities procured ; if of value, 
to be kept with all jiossible secrecy. To receive instructions from 
Capts. Hilton and the Governor and Council of Providence, and 
to accompany the goods home if lie see cause. [Colonial Entry Bl., 
Vol. IV., r-^^^ 

April 15. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island for Ricii. 
Loudon. Lane, in case Capt. Hilton does not go with him from Association to 
Providence. After having planted his madder, to take on board 
Roger Floud and other persons, not to exceed eight, as the Governor 
and Council of Providence think fit. To go to tiie Bay of Harien, 
with goods for trade. To provide against fear of discovery by tlie 
Spaniards, and fold weather. To use means to ingratiate himself 
and company with the Indians. Not to give cause to suspect the 
value of their gifts. To conceal the object of their coming, but 
express a desire of renewing friendship with them, " favourei-s of 
the English nation, and especially of Don Francisco Draco (whose 
name they seem to honour)." To make advantage of them by trade 
for gold, &c. ; discover what things may be obtained from them, 
and their value ; labour to possess them with the natural goodness 
of the English nation ; and restrain any Ijoisterous carriage to the 
women, and particularly " mocking, pointing, or laughing at their 
nakedness." To prohibit the seamen from entertaining much 
familiarity with the natives, much less trade. Power to inflict 
]\asiinable punishment upon offenders. When furnished with a 
good return to go back to Providence and dispose of the goods as 
iVirmerly instructed. Observance of directions from Capt. Hilton, 
commended to his care. [Cvlvnial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 50.] 

April 15. Instructions from the Corajiany of Providence Island to Mat. 
Harbottle, master of the Elizabeth, bound thitlier. To go to the 
West Indies, touch at St. Christopher's or Bai'badoes, for cotton seed 
and all other fruits, seeds, plants, and commodities growing there, 
and thence to Association, to deliver the Company's letter to Capt. 
Hilton, and take liim and others on board. Thence to sail for 
Providence, deliver the letters and sui)])lies, and land Capt. Hook, 
Bradley, and Lane. If Capt. Hilton cannot or will not remove from 
Association, to attend to Mr. Lane's instructions. Private trade for- 
bidden, nor any seaman under his command to he permitted to truck 



for commodities. To return to England when ref^uired to do so. 
[Colonhd Entry BL, Vol. IV., p. 49.] 

April ].). Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Instructions to 
lirooke Il.nisc. Harbottle, nicaster of the Elizabeth ; to Lane, for managing the trade 
in the Bay of Darien, in case Capt. Hilton does not go with him ; 
and to Bi-adley, are signed and sealed. Security given against a 
bond. Captain Camock, having bought Lord Paulet's pinnace for 
the Company for 405?., Collins is ordered to bring her into the 
Tliames, and make her ready with all speed for a voyage. [Colonial 
Entrij Bh, Vol. III., -p. 98.] 

April 2S. 74. The Privy Council to Capt. John Pennington. Warrant to 
Whitehali. require ail commanders of ships coming from any of the English 
plantations to give bond to bring their ves.sels and lading, without 
breaking bulk, into the port of London, or some other port of the 
kingdom, there to enter and unlade tlieir goods. [TJie date has been 
altered from 18 February 1632-3.] 

May 11. Patent to Sir Wil. Alexander and others, for sole trade to the 

river and gulf of Canada, and all places adjacent, for beaver and all 
other skins and wool, for thirty-one years. \_Minute. Colonial 
Corresp., 1(307, Jan. 9.] 

Jlay 11. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Capt. Hart's offer 

Brooku House, for his son to be employed in the island, with IG sei-vants. Pas- 
sengers and freight to go in the Falcon. Orders concerning the 
customs upon tobacco and goods exported. [L'olonial Entiy BIc, 
Vol. 1 1 1., 'pp. 9!), 100.] 

May 1 k Minutes as above. Concerning alterations in the Golden Falcon 

Brooko House, fo^- the better accommodation of passengers and lading ; the Earl 
of Warwick desii'ed to give such directions as he conceives fit 
[Colonial Entry Bl:, Vol IIL, p. 100.] 

May IS. Minutes as above. John Collins appointed master of the Golden 

Br loke House. Falcon, John Wells, a mate, and Maurice Boynes an ordinary 

seaman, the latter undertaking to discover certain brass ordnance 

sunk at sea, wliich might easily be recovered. [Colonial Entry 

Bl:, Vol. III. p. 100.] ' 

May 22. Minutes as above. Supplies for Capt. Bell and liis wife ; Capt. 

Brooke House. Camock to be commander of the passengers in the Golden 
Falcon, and director of a trade at Cape Gratia de Dios ; his allowance. 
Ell. Williams and Nath. Marston appointed agents for the Company 
in matters of commerce, "in regard to their knowledge of those 
parts." Money engagements of the Company. Isaac Barton is en- 
tertained in the Company's service, and two servants allowed him, to 
be transported in the Falcon. Members to be appointed to view the 
goods and provisions previous to their being sent to the island. 
[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. HI, pp. 101-2.] 


1G33. ''^"-•^'\- 

May 2.). Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Provisions for 

Brooke House, the Giililen Faloon. Mr. Roote appointed one of the ministers of the 
colony ; his entertainment. Five pounds, part of the wages of Rich. 
Field, gunner, ordered to be paid to his wife. Hump. Isham enter- 
tained one of the mates in the Falcon. Sir Edmund Moundford's 
adventure. Order for victualling the Falcon, and providing her 
with a magazine, the whole not to exceed 600L [Coloniul Entry 
Bk., Vol III., PI). 102-3.] 

May 27. Minutes as above. Edw. Williams engages himself a servant for 
Brooke House, three j'cars in the place of Lewis Morris, discharged from the Com- 
pany's service ; the master of the Falcon to teacli him the art 

of navigation while at sea. 
]\ray 2.S. Payment of customs for goods outward. Mr. Hart to have the 

tobacco in the Company's warehouse, but not imder 16tZ. per lb. 
Ymy SO. Various payments ordered. Mr. Punt's wages. Resolved to 

]n'oee(il with the charge against him in the Trinity Phil. 

Triiipitt entertained a gunner in Providence. 
J\uie 1. The eldest son of Lord Say and Sele and John Michell admitted 

June 3. Maurice Boj-nes entertained a gunner. Mr. Hart ordered to sell 

tobacco at lid. per lb. 
June fi. Several payments ordered. The freight of oO lbs. of tobacco 

allowed Mrs. Goodman, the workmaster's wife. 
June 7. Agreement with John Heath for his services in the trade at the 

Cape. Mr. Hart licensed to sell tobacco at \2d. per lb., as he could 

not get more for it. 
J une 10. Order upon a letter received from tlie Masters of tlie Trinity House 

concerning the cliarge against Punt. [Colonlid Entry Bk., Vol. III., 

irp. 103-107.] 

J une 1 7. 75. Demands of the Canada Adventureres from Wil. De Caen of 
Dieppe. For fetching home 100 soldiers from the fort of Quebec, 
goods delivered at Tadousac, and beaver skins put aboard a French 
pinnace, the Lyon. The total amounts to 4,417^. 2s. M. [Dated as 
above, but endorsed by Sec. Col-e, " 1634, Oct. 12. Demands of the 
Canada Merchants."] 

June 2(1. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Concerning Nat. 

Brooke House. Mai'ston's bill for his voyage. Capt. Camock to provide needful 

things for fortification rec]uested by Capt. Axe. Maurice BojTies, his 

brother and his wife, to be permitted to go to Providence by the 

next ship. {ColonUd Entry Bk, Vol. III., 'p. 107.] 

June 28. Minutes as above. Payments ordered to Maurice Boynes, Good- 
Brooke House, xnan King, the bricklayer, and Phil. Trippett. Charges of the 
Company. Agi-eements with Mr. Roote and Ed. Williams signed 
and sealed. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., p. 108.] 
July 1. Minutes as above. Order concerning the Falcon taking on board 
Brooke House, fit Dartmouth Certain arms and provisions. The Company's letters, 
commissions, instructions, and articles ai-e sealed. Various payments 
ordered. [Colonkil Entry Bk, Vol. Ill, pp. 108-9.] 


iP„c> Vol. VL 


July I. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Bell, Governor. Are 

London. forced to defer sending his full number of servants until a better 

opportunity. Prohibited the inspection of letters, at the request of 

some men sent from hence, and not from any jealousy of him or 

information that it had been done. Instructions concerning Capt. 

Camock, should he leave any person under his command in the island, 

or wish to add any to his number. Liberty to mate Wells to return 

with his wife to England. When the pinnace [the Golden Falcon] is 

unladen she is to lie wholly at the disposal of Capt. Camock. A ton 

of mocoachan, commonly called wild potatoes, to be gathered, if not 

from Providence from Henrietta, and sent home, being a drug of 

value. Directions for the disposal of ordnance, servants, or negroes 

from Association. 20/. given to Mr. Finch ; not willing to exceed that 

sum " out of a desire that you may continue an example of frugality 

to the rest of the inhaliitants." Supplies previously and no%y sent 

to serve for two years. Complaints of Mr. Danvers about servants 

and provisions to be remedied, and leave granted him to come 

to England, leaving his family behind. Wish to be informed of the 

carriage of Jo. Lidsey, the apothecary. Have resolved to place the 

public servants into fiimilies; their distribution. Approve of his 

judgment in the point of difference between Capts. Elfrith and Axe. 

Concerning- those servants whose times are nearly expired. Cannot 

engage in the eli.n-i' of more men; in the meantime those servants 

may join themselves in families. Book to be kept of all persons 

employed in tjje public ^\"llrks. Mr. Roote to be placed in some good 

family, till able to provide fer liimself The two gunners now sent 

to be employed in giving- instriielicms in their art, and other useful 

occupations. Licence for Peter Fiuchle}^ to come home. Mr. 

Bradley to have six servants if they can be furnished. Desire that 

a stone from the main, wliich Nath. Marston is desirous should be 

sent, when the right of all parties interested shall be determined, 

may be previously sealed up. [Colo7iicd Entry Bk., Vol. IV., 

pp. .53-55.] 

July 1. The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Council. 

London. Complain that no real demonstration of the industry of the island 
has been received, and regret that so much time has been .spent in 
private quarrellings, and little or none in the improvement of the 
plantation. Will not proceed in vast expenses as formerly, until 
some staple commodities are raised, and the colony can do without 
an immediate dependence upon the Company's magazines. Send 
but a small vessel, and very few men. Cannot now supply their 
officers with servants, but hope they wiU wait as patiently as them- 
selves. Are now upon the sale of the planter's tobacco, which 
yields " so base a price." The fustick wood has been disposed of ; 
directions for distributing half the proceeds. Inconvenience of 
complying with their request for more public men. Reprove the 
planters for desiring to be exempted from public works ; a levy of 
men directed to complete those already begun. Unequal distribution 
of the stores. Ordnance and gunners sent, and soldiers promised. 


iPoo Yoi,. VL 

Uselessiu'ss of "Warwick Fort. Scrj. Whitehead confirmed in his 
oHice, iind addiiiniial nuiskets promised, tiuit he may instruct .ill tlie 
])],-iiit( IS. Authorized Councillors to act as Justices, with appeal to 
the Cnuneil table. Concerning the sale of servants, and selling or 
letting- jilantations. Mr.'s estate settled upon Mr. Halhead. 
Mr. Acton upon that Lelonging to Ed. Williams. The stones sent of 
no value. lie(piest au account how the seeds, plants, drugs, dyes, 
and other commodities thrive, and the quantity of cotton. Re- 
commi-iid til their care Mr. Roote, a minister. All fines levied to he 
liir the ( 'oiiiiiany's use. Request the carriages for ordnance to be 
made serviceable, and reprove the perish of powder "for want of 
boards." Discussions at the Council table to be secret. Some 
engines sent for their cotton, and a mill for oil-seed. Recommend 
madder and indigo to their care as commodities of extraordinary 
value. Will send a ship of great burthen, and a number of men 
when the island can leturn it freighted with staple commodities. 
Some of their records referred for consideration ; those sent over to 
be duly entered and certified. The proceedings upon Mr. Halhead's 
complaint against Punt so imperfectly entered that the charge 
ai,^'dust Mr. itous " remidns still unsatisfied." [C(ilonial Entry BL, 
Vol. IV.,pp- 51-53.] 

July 1. Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 

Sussex Camock. Appointing him cnmmander of all jiersuns cm 
board the Cfolden Falcon, bound to Providence or Ca])e Gratia de 
Dios, and Director Genorai of Trade discovered in the Cape or 
elsewhere ; and Edw. Williams and Nath. ]\Iarston agents for such 
trade. [Colo,tkd Fntnj Bl:., Vol. IV., p. oO.] 

July L Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 

London. Susscx Camock. To " set " with his Company upon Cape CJratia de 
Dios, there to discover and maintain a trade with the natives. To 
preserve the true worship of God and repress sin. To leave disorderly 
persons at Providence, and add such numbers to his Company as 
may be willing to go from thence. Power to employ the Elizabeth 
at the Cape, and mate Wells. Intercourse with the Indians. To 
inquire after merchantable commodities, and advise with Williams 
and Marston in matters of trade. Goods issued out of the stores to 
be entered, and a journal of all proceedings kejit, particularly of the 
character and number of people, their government, commodities, 
countries, rivers, &c. No seaman to trade with the Indians. 
Employment of the Golden Falcon. Authority to buy negi-oes 
from the Dutch, to be disposed of by the Governor of Providence. 
Commodities obtained at the Cape. Power to appoint a successor 
in case of sickness. To examine every man's chest liefore landing 
at the Cape, whether he have commodities Ibr private trade, and if 
so, to be disposed of for the Company's use. To advise of a fit 
place to establish a colony for trade, and the men, ordnance, and 
ammunition requisite. \_Culonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., 2>p. 5C-5cS.] 


1 633 ^^'^'^- ^^■ 

July I. Instructions from the Company of Proviilence Island to Jos. 

Collins, master of the Coklen Falcon. Course of Lis ship ; to sail 
direct to Association; discharge of freight and passengers. To 
receive oi-ders from Capt. Camock for his return home. Trade with 
the Indians strictly prohibited. [Colonial Entry Bl:, Vol. IV., 
p. 58.] 

■July 3. 76. Order of the Privy Council, upon petition of the planters 

Star ciuiniber. i,, Virginia, remonstrating against certain grants of a large portion 
of the lands within the Hmits of that colony, and their diflerences 
with Lord Baltimore ; directing that Lord Baltimore lie left to his 
patent, and the other parties to the course of Vmv according to their 

July 3. 77. Copy of the above. 

Star ChambiT. 

July 3. The Company of BrovLlcnce Island to Capt. Elfrith. Have no 

Loudou. intention to hmk back upon his former failings. Are heartily sorry 
to hear of diH'erences between two friends so nearly related. En- 
treat him to maintain peace and unity. Explain the duties of his 
place of Admiral. Confer upon him the command of the fort at 
Black Rock, as an evidence of " our love and opinion of your 
fidelity," and promise him ten servants. Commend his diligence 
and care of the plantation, and desire that lie will particularly 
attend to the planting of cotton and other staple commodities. 
[Cvlunhd Entry Bl:, Vol. IV., pp. 5J, 56.] 

July -k Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. John Michell admitted 

a member. Mr. Key, minister of Assdciation, to be free to go with 
Capt. Camock to exercise his ministry. [Cuhniud Entry Bl:, 
Vol. Ill, p 109.] 

July 8. Minutes as above. Inconvenience attending the absence 

BrouUu House, of the Governor oi\ Deputy. Agi-eement with Bernard Conyers, 
appointed Lieutenant of the fort at Black Piock, to go in the 
next ship to Providence. Mr. Roote, the minister, alloM'cd lOl. for 
his comfortable transportation. Building houses for the ministers in 
the colonjr. Audit of accounts, and means of raising money. Con- 
cemino- the return of the ships from Association, the collection of 
debts 1"roni Capt. Hilton and others, and the transport of goods. 
[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 109-1 13.] 

July 9. Minutes of a. Court for Providence Island. Accounts. Sale of 

Brooke llouso. tobacco. A committee ap])ointed concerning the discharge of cus- 
toms for goods outward ; the bu.siness nf Fonseca, and trade upon 
the Cape. [Colonial Entry Bl:, Vol. Ill, pp \ 1 3-14.] 

July 11. Minute as above. Lords Say and Brooke to have five pieces of 
Brooke House, ordnance for their use in New England uiion certain conditions. 
[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. Ill-, p. lU.] 


July 1 2. 7S. [The King] to the Governor and Comicil of Virginia. The 
petition of the Governor and planters in Virginia has been referred to 
the Privy Council, who have ordered that there should be mutual 
correspondence between them and Lord Baltimore, for the advance- 
ment of Virginia ; and Lord Baltimore, intending to transport a 
good number' of persons " to that part called Maryland, which we 
have given him," they are directed to give him friendly help and 
assistance in furtherance of his undertaking. [Draft, with cor- 

July 12. 79. Copy of the preceding. 

July 10. Tlie Company of Providence Island to Capt. Bell. Send goods 
London. l;,y the William and Mary, bound for Ai^sociation, which the Falcon 
was unable to cany. Refer him for particular instructions to their 
general letter by that vessel. Greatly desire the prosperity of the 
colony, and hope to be made acquainted with its condition on every 
opportunity. [Coloniol Entry Bl:, Vd. IV., jx 59.] 

Jtilv 29. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Bell. The bearer 
London. Eilw. Williams, was left behind by accident at the Falcon's de- 
parture. It was intended to employ him in Capt. Camock's company 
upon the main, at Cape Gratia de L>ios. He will be sent by this 
vessel [the William and Mary]. Request Capt. Bell to give him 
eveiy facility to join that company, and to let him remain a free 
man in Providence, allowing him couveuieut maintenance. [Colon iol 
Entry BL, Vol. IV., p. 59.] 

July 29. The ( 'oinpany of Proviih-uee Island to Capt. Camock. Th 


liearer, Edw. A\'illiaiiis. lias desired the o]>portunity of transporting 
himself to Tortuga in the Wil. and Mar\-, that he may the sooner 
meet with him. Request Capt. Camock to employ him in such 
services upon the main as were at first intended. [Colonial Entry 
BL, Vol. IV., p. CO.] 

Jul}' 29. Warrant from the Company of Providence Island for Jas. Borton, 
mariner of the Golden Falcon, accidentally left behind m England, 
to go to Tortuga in the Wil. and Mary ; to be permitted to take 
all opportunities to recover his ship, and received into his first 
intended employment. [C<>lo,rial Entry Bl:, Vol. IV., p. CO.] 

July? " Propositions for fishing," divided into three parts, in the hand- 

writing of Sec. Coke. The new discoveries of Virginia, New Eng- 
land, New Scotland, and the rest employing above SUO Engli-sh ships ; 
have Ijeen often interrupted by the French, and of late by the 
Dutch. The English should fit places in Canada and elsewhere, 
to protect the fisliermen and inhabitants. The noi-th fishings on the 
coasts of Greenland and Iceland; and the fishings in the King's 
own seas. The greater portion of this paper of 37 pages is devoted 
to this last head, and it is proposed to erect a company of ad- 


venturers of English, Scottish, and Irish, to provide busses for 
carrying on the iishing trade. [Domestic Corresp., Cur. /.] 

Aug. 14. 80. Sir John Wolstenhohne, Sir Abrah. Dawes, Wil. Tucker, Thos- 
Stones, Wil. Fellgate, and Thos. Collins, the Virginia Commissioners, 
to [the Privy Council]. Have had meetings with divei's of tlie chief 
planters of Virginia, and recommend a compliance with their })eti- 
tion, praying for a renewal of their ancient charter and that their 
trade may be carried on wholly by the English and the returns made 
into England only ; with reasons. 

Aug. 16. 81. Sir John Wolstenholme to Sir William Beecher. Concerning 
propositions pre.sented to the Council by Capt. Tucker for restraining 
the Dutch from trading to Virginia. Requests that letters may be 
sent by a sliip presently to depart for Virginia, that the Dutch may 
not be admitted to trade nor lade any goods in their ships. 

Aug. ? 82. Certain reasons to prove that if the Dutch bo admitted to 

ti-ade in Virginia, it will be a great loss to the King and a j^rejudice 
to the plantation. 

Sept. 23. Commission to Tlios. Yong, gent., to discover places not yet 
inhabited in Virginia and other parts of America. [^Mlindc. 
Colonial Gorrcsp., 1(307, Jan. 9.] 

Sept. 24. 83. Gualter of Twilley, Governor of the Dutch plantation, to 

(Jet. 4. Governor [John Winthrop] of Massachusetts Bay. Concerning the 

Fort Amsterdara.right of the Dutch to the [Hudson ? ] river. Has taken possession of {^ the name of the States General and set iip a house on the north 

side with intent to plant. Desires he will defer his claim until their 

superior magistrates are agreed. [Translation of part of a letter from 

the Governor of the Dutch. Endorsed by Sec. Coke.] 

Oct. 19. 84. Sec. Coke to Admiral PcTinington. Complaint having been 

made that the Ark of London, Rich. Lowe, mastei-. carrying men 
for Lord Baltimore to his new plantation in or about New England, 
had sailed fi'om Gravesond contrary to orders, the company in charge 
of Capt. Winter not having taken the oath of allegiance, he is directed 
to make stay of her. [On the 30th Oct. licence was granted for the 
Ark and the Dove to go to Maryland, the oath having been ad- 
ministered to the passengers. See Council Register.] 

[Nov. 2.1 8-5. Petition of George Johnson, drummer, John Blosse, David 
Markes, and William Everett to the Admiralty. The great Seahorse 
lately commanded by Capt. Rich. Quayle, deceased, and tiien by 
Capt. Marsh, came to tlie West Indies in great distress, most of the 
company being dead and the others utterly disabled to bring her 
home. The petitionei-s to do the King service, left their plantations 
at Nevis 10th April last, and brought the ship safely to Plymouth, 
where they were discharged in September last. Poor men and in 
great distress, they pray that Sir Will. Russell, the Treasurer of 
the Navy, may have orders to pay what is due to them. Under- 


] 033. 

Vol. YI. 

vnUti'n, the petitioners fire referred to those who entertained them 
to serve in tlie ship, the voyage having been undertaken for tiie 
benefit of private men. ^Vhitehall, 2 Nov. 1633. 

Nov. 4. ]Min\ites of a Committee for Association. Letters are read from 

Capt. Hilton and Mr. L^pton, by tlie Dainty of Dartmoutli, con- 
cerning the affairs of that island, and the passengers authorized to 
sell their own tobacco to the best profit. Twenty tons of braziletta 
wood brought home to be sold at 30?. per ton ; 15s. per ton customs 
to be paid and the customers compounded with for 15 tons. Finance. 
Letter to be written to Mr. Ashman in Middlelmrgh, about goods 
consigned to hiiu from Association. \Ciilijnhil Enfry Bl\, VuLIIL, 
2V. Hi, 11-5.] 

Nov. 11. Minutes of a Court for Pro\adence Island. Capt. Hawley, at 

5[r. Ti-easiircr's Barbadoes, allowed 5?. for an engine for cotton. The wife of G. Litcli, 

'°"''^'' surgeon of the Falcon, allowed 4?. part of his wages. Accounts. 

Demands of the owners of the Dainty of Portsmouth for freight. 

[Colonial Entry Bl:, Vvl. III., pp. Ho, 116.] 

Nov. 21. Minutes as above. The wife of Mat. Harbottle allowed 121., 
]iart of her husband's wages. Mr. Hart's accounts. A bill for work 
done in the Falcon liv one Hawkins, a shipwright, refen-ed to tlie 
Earl of Warwick. [Cuhmi^il Entnj Bk., Vol. III., pp. IIG, 117.] 

Nov. 23. Minutes as above. Mr. Hart presented a of persons to Avhom 

he desired the remainder of his account might be paid. Propositions 
by Mr. Bolton tlie linen draper. Mrs. Lane to receive 10?. for half 
a year's wages due to her husband ; and the wife i>f Rich. Field, 
gunner in Providence, 5?., for one quarter's wages. [Culuniul Entni 
Bl:, Vvl. III., p. 117.] 

Nov. 28. Minutes as above. As few of the Compau}- could assemble, an 
oke lluuse. ailjourument was ordered to Jbmday the 2nd of December. [Colonial 
Entrii Bl:, Vol. III., p. U7.] 

Nov. 86. Petition of James Clenionts, Jolni Herricke, and John Smith, 

jilaintifts, against Lord Baltimore and Gabriel Hawley his deputy, 
defendants, to the King. Set forth that Hawley billeted men and 
women for Maryland at 12(/. a day in the houses of the petitioners, 
but took them away without giving satisfaction for their entertain- 
ment, amounting to about 60/., and Lord Baltimore refers them for 
payment to Hawley, now a prisoner in the Fleet. Pray that Lord 
Baltimore, whose ship is ready to sail, may be oadered to give 
satisfaction before his dejiarture. 

Nov. 87. Petition of Sir John Wolstenholme. and other planters, with 

Capt. Will. Claybourne, in Virginia, to the Privy Council. Have 
been at great charge in settling an island, by them named the 
Isle of Kent, within Chesapeak Bay, Avhieh has since been compre- 
hended in Lord Bnltimore's patent. Pray that they may enjoy free 
trade, and that Lord Baltimoze may settle in some other place. 



1633. ^'"'- ^'^• 

Dec. 2. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Jlr. P.all admitted an 

adventurer. Letters read from Association from Capt. Camock, of 
3rd Oct. last, and from Capt. Hilton. Various debts ordered to lie 
paid. Mr. Treasurer bei-ni^ sued by tlie Attorney Gen. for remaining 
in town, ordered that the Company petition the King for the 
Treasurer's stay in London, as their atfairs would be greatly pre- 
judiced should he be forced to remove to the country. Thos. Dew, 
accused by Capt. Hilton of mutiny in Association, directed to 
prepare liis answer against next meeting. [<_'(ih>iiiifl L'ntn/ Bk., 
Fo?. 7//.,:^)^. 118-19.] 

Dec. C. 88. Minute of the Counril fir New England. Division of pai't 

of the lands comprised in the patent of Piscataipia agreed to. 

Dec. G. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. A day appointed, 

upon Di-. Rand's application, for examination of ilr. Hart's account 
of goods received from Capt. Hilton. Payment to Mr. Craven, one 
of the owners of the Charity, for wages due to Wil. Craven, a 
mariner. Thos. Dew denied Capt. Hilton's accusation of an inten- 
tion to run away from Association; .TOOlbs. of toliacco, brouglit by 
him in the Dainty, ordered to be given up to him upon certain 
conditions. [Goloidal Entry Bl:, Vol. III., pp. 119-20.] 

1 Go3 ? 89. Answer of Thomas Babb, merchant, to the Bill of Complaint 

of George Rolfe. That he took over Barbara Rolfe to New England 
at her father's request, because by no fair means could she be per- 
suaded to follow a civil and orderly course of life. Rolfe refuses to 
pay him the expenses incurred on her behalf, including 27s. disbursed 
by one Trelawny, for tlie necessary occasions of B;u-bara, whose loose 
behaviour in New England forced him to be at the charge of trans- 
porting her to another plantation. 

Vol. VII. 

Case containing ]iarc]iment documents calendared under their re- 
spective dates. 

Vol. VIII, 1634—1635. 

Jan. 24. 1. Order of the Court of Star Chamlier. Upon petition of 

Star ChambcT. mercliants, and owners of ships of Plymouth, Dartmouth, Barnstaple, 

and others who use the fishing trade in Newfoundland, complaining 


1634. ''^^■™- 

of abuses ; approving the report of Attorney General Noye,_ ap- 
pended, wlio certifies his opinion as to the remedies to be applied ; 
and directing that copies be forthwith published as well in several of 
the western parts of England -as in Newfoundland. [Copy. On 
29 Jan., ujjon another petition from the same persons, the Privy 
Council ordered that merchants and owners of shipping, and all 
others that benefit liy the fishing trade in Newfoundland, should con- 
tribute equal proportions to the great charges that will be incurred in 
carrying out these laws. [See Council Reghter.'] 

Jan. 2-i. Another copy of the preceding. [Colunud Entry Bk., Vol. LXV., 
pp. 2S-31.] 

Jan. [21.] 2. Attorney Gen. Noye to the Privy Council. The King may 
give laws to Newfoundland. Submits some that may serve for 
the present, with power to certain mayors of towns, to execute 
them. [Extract from the rep)ort ahoce 'mentioned, where these laivs 
are recited at length.] 

Jan 27. Minutes of a Committee for Asfiociation Lsland. Capt. Hilton's 

accounts. Debt from Lieut. Buckley. Being informed of Capt. 
lliltdu's intention U> desert tlie island and draw most of the inha1)i- 
tants aloii-- with liiin, ordniMl that Lieut. Buckley be entrusted with 
a dei-hiratii)ii to lie pulilicly read to the planters, assuring them of 
the care and protection of the Company, and dissuachng them from 
changing certain ways of profit already discovered for imcertaiu 
hopes suggested by fancy or persuasion. Debt from Abrah. 
Chamberiayne. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 120, 122.] 

Feb. 4. Henry Dade, Commissioner of Suttblk, to the Aiclibishop of Can- 

Ipswich. terbury. Two ships [the Francis and the Elizabeth] sail about 10th 
f,f M.arch with six score men in each, and provisions for their abiding 
ill New England. Supposes they are indebted jiersons or discon- 
tented with the government of our Church. Hears that about 600 
more will shortly go over. Ill efiects of suffering such swarms to go 
out of England ; trade will be overthrown, and persons indebted 
will fly into New England, and be accounted religious men for 
leaving the Kingdom, because they cannot endure the ceremonies of 
the Church. Mr. Ward, of Ipswich, by preaching against the con- 
tents of the Book of Common Prayer, has caused this giddiness and 
desire to go to New England. [DoifESTic Corresp. Car. I. These 
ships and nine others bound for New England, were stayed in 
February by order of the Privy Council, through the frequent trans- 
yioiiation to New England of great numbers of persons known to be 
ill-affected to the Government, adding to the disorders already 
gi-own in the colony. On 2S Feb. they were all discharged under 
articles for performing prayers according to the Book of Common 
Prayer of the Established Church, and taking the oaths of alle- 
giance. [See Coancil Register.] 


TP„, Vol. VIIL 

Feb. 6. Minute of a Court for Providence Island. Few of the members 

Brooke Uouse. assembling, an'adjournment was ordered to Monday the 10th iust 
[Colonial Entru BL, Vol. III., p. 122.] 

Feb. 8. 3. Governor Sir John Harvey, John West, Sam. Mathews, John 

James City. Utie, Thos. Hinton, Thos. Purify, Hugh Bullock, and Wil. Peirce 
the Council of Virginia, to the Privy Council. Corn so plentiful that 
although about 1,200 new couiei-s have arrived this year 5,000 
bushels have been exported for the relief of New England. The 
colony abounds with cattle and swine. The only want is arms and 
ammunition ; necessity of a supply. The inhabitants importunate 
for a confirmation of their lands and privileges promised by the 
King, by reason of a grant to Lord Baltimore. Have not swerved 
from their instructions concerning trading with strano-ers. Case of 
John Constable and others who did their best to defraud the Kino-'s 
cu.stoms. Suggest remedies, and that a custom-house sliould be 
erected in the colony to defray the cliarge of officers ; also that three 
of the Council should receive a stipend out of the quit-rents of 12(/. 
upon every 50 acres. An exact muster of the peojile and cattle will 
be taken. Send papers concerning Kingswell's complaint against 
Vassall and his agents. [Sea petition, tSej)t. 1631-, p. 190, JVo. 29 
et srq.] 
Feb. 10. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Sir Ed. Mountford 

Br.joke House, allowed to withdraw money. Abrah. Chamberlayne's account 
for braziletta wood ; 75,300 lbs. had been delivered Commis- 
sion for examination of Mrs. Hart's accounts with Capt. Hilton 
and others at Association. Mr. Upton authorized to ship seven tons 
of wood sold by Lieut. Buckley to Mr. Bourne at 2U. per ton, for 
a debt due by Buckley to the Company. Suit of Mr. Burgh,' the 
purser of the William and John, dismissed. Acquittances sirmed 
[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 122-24] 

Feb. 11. Minutes as above. Petition of Messrs. Littleton and Griffith, con- 
Bi-ooke House, cerning certain monies alleged to be due to them by Capt. Hilton. 
Answers to a declaration of the planters of Association concernino- 
free trade ; use of all commodities in the island ; liberty to come 
home at pleasure ; prices of commodities ; the i.sland remainim' 
under the Company's care, and settling the government in case ol" 
Capt. Hilton's departure. Mr. Hart's debts in Association. Re- 
quest of Mr. Roote's agent for payment of one half year's allowance 
[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. Ill, 2)p. ^-2^-25.] 

Feb. 12. Minutes as above. Payment to Mr. Pioote's agent [Jas. Jelly] of 

Brooke Uouse. 32?,. gg. 8d, for half a year's allowance for his services in tiie 

ministry in Providence. Loan to Mrs. Hart. Licence to Thomas 

Dew to dispose of his tobacco on payment of all disbursements for 

his account. The offence charged upon him by Capt. Hilton remitted. 

Dew names persons fit to manage the government [of Association] 

[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. Ill, p. 126.] 

Feb. li. Minutes of a General Court for Providence Island. Dis])utes 

Brooke House, between Messrs. Chamberlayne and Hart concerning the sale of 



Vol. VIIL 

[lii-aziletta] wood. Complaints froiu France of its "illness." Pay- 
ment to Mrs. Hart for lier husband's goods. Lord Brooke proposes 
Mr. Woodcock for the Company's husband. Mr. Treasurer to write 
to Mr. Ashman concerning money due to the Company ; and Mr. 
Chamberlayne's obligation concerning the wood. [Colonial Entry Bl\, 
Vol. III., pp. 12G-2S.] 

Fell. 10. Minutes as above. Payment of Mrs. Hart's bill. Mr. Treasurer's 

Brooke House, accounts. Letters and cfimmissions for Association. Dispatch of 
the ship now going thither. [Colonial Entri/ BIc, Vol. III., fp. 

Marcii 11. 4. Order of Gov. Harvey and Capts. John West, Sam. Mathews, 
Will. Claybourne, John Utie, Thos. Purify, Will. Peirce, an.l \\\\\. 
Ferrar, the Council of Virginia. Upon the request of (.^'aptain Will. 
Claybourne liow he should act in respect of Loi-d Baltimore's patent 
and his deputies now seated in the [Delaware ?] liaj', it is answered 
that they know no reason why they should give up the right of the 
Isle of Kent, which they were bound in duty to maintain. 

Marcli L5. 5. Governor Harvey and Council of Virginia to the Privy Council. 
J.iines City. Concerning the estates of Abraham Peirsey, deceased, late a member 
of the colony and of the widow of Edmund Clarke. Inclose, 

5. I. ^\'ill of Ahi-alL. Peirsey. Certified copy. 1627, Marcli 1. 

5. II. Account of Ahruh. Peirsey's estate, pvesentcd to the Governor 
and Council of Virginia, and how it has been disposed 
of. Viryinia, l6oi, March 15. Signed hy Capf. Sam. 

March ? Mem. by Nicholas, to speak with Sir Henry Marten upon the 

suit in the Admiralty Court against the searchers at Gravcsend for 
staying a ship bovmd to Virginia, whereof one Thompson was master, 
until the passengers had taken the oath of allegiance. The suit 
stayed by an injunction out of the Exchequer. Sir Henry M.-irttn 
said the ship was stayed for other reasons. [Domestic Corrcsp. 
Car. I., 1G34, March 4.] 

April 1 k G. Francis Brooke to the Farmers of Customs. Two ships of London, 
I'ortsmouth. the Ex]iedition, Blackman, master, and the William, Severn, master, 
have arrived at Cowes l.ulen with tobacco, beavers, &c. from Virginia. 
Divers merchants trading to Virginia come to the Isle of "Wight 
and then shift masters so as to save themselves harmless from the 
security given to the Governor of Virginia to arrive at some ]j]ace 
in England, and take their ships and lading to foreign parts without 
paying duties. If he had ordei's could stay them until they give 
good security to discharge at London. 

April IG. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Draught petition 
fiir the enlargement of the Conqiany's grant "to the taking in of 
tlu' trades at the Cajie " referred for further consideration. [Colonial 
Entry UL, Vol. III., p. 120.] 


ifi34. ^oL. vm. 

April. 7. Capt. Thos. Yong to See. Windebauk. Requests a patent 

setting forth that the King has employed Yong and his nephew 
Robt. Evelin into America " upon special and weighty occasions of 
His Maj'y's own particular service, which His Majty thinks fit 
should remain private to himself; " with power to leave the King's 
dominions without any questions, and that the Governors of all 
colonies in America, particularly of Virginia, be directed to afford 
them every assistance with liberty to trathc in those parts. [Draft, 
with corrections.] 

A]iril ? R. Request of Capt. Yong, similar to the preceding, with 

additions. The King being put to no manner of charge concerning 
his enterprise, desires that his shipping, men, and victuals, fully 
ready for the joui-ney, may be instantly dispatched ; that Alex. 
Baker, skilful in mines and trying of metals, at liberty on bond, 
in regard of some matters on conscience, may go with him as his 
cosQiographer ; and that some of his principal seamen may be 
called before a person of authority and charged strictly to obey 
Capt. Yong and his nephew. 

April? 9. Capt. Yong to Sec. Windebank. Requests him to dispatch the 

King's patent. To speak with Lord Chief Justice Richardson about 
the cancelling of Baker's bonds ; call speedily for the seamen ; give 
directions that Baker, his cosmograjiher, and Scott, his physician, 
may not be further questioned, having already sworn allegiance ; 
alter in the articles agi-eed on, the date of the King's reign newly 
changed to the tenth ; and that they may be kept " from being seen 
or known by any." On the endorsement Mr. Sec. is prayed to ask 
if there is to be a new Governor shortly appointed for Virginia, and 
who it is. 

April? 10, Pass for Capt. Yong and Robt. Evelin, his nephew, employed 

by the King in America" upon special and weighty affairs concerning 
our private service." [Draft, with corrections.] 

April 18. 11. [The King] to the Governor and Council of Vii-ginia. Informs 
them of his appointment of Yong and Evelin. [Draft of part of 
a letter luritten on the outer leaf of the preceding.] 

Apiil 28. 1 2. Commission to William Laud, Ai-chbishoii of Canterbury, 
Westminster. Thomas Lord Coventry, Lord Keeper, Richard Neyle, Archbishop of 
York, Richard Earl of Portland, Lord High Treasurer, Hemy, Earl 
of Manchester, and seven other officers of state, for making laws and 
orders for govei-nment of English colonies planted in foreign parts. 
With power to impose penalties and imprisonment for offences in 
ecclesiastical matters ; to remove Governors, and requu-e an account 
of their government ; to appoint judges and magistrates, and establish 
courts ; to hear and determine all manner of complaints from the 
colonies ; to have power over all charters and ]iatents ; and to revoke 
those surreptitiously or unduly obtained. [Copy.] 

April 28. ] 3. Another copy of the preceding. 



Vol. YIII. 

May 7. Minute of a Committee for Providence Island. Letters are read 

received from thence by the Falcon. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., 
2?. 130.] 

May 8. Jo. Ker [?] to Thos. Lexaston. Would be glad to hear from him 

Salt preston. concerning the success of the plantation of New England, " for there 
[Preston-pans.] ^jg many here that inchne much to that country;" means not so 
much the ministers that are assured, but young men of rare gifts, 
■who cannot get any lawful entry, as also professors of good means, 
who labour to keep themselves pure and undetiled. [Extract from 
Domestic Carres^}. Car. I.] 

May 12. 14. Sir Ferdinando Gorges to the King. The King having taken 
the management of the several plantations into his own hands. 
Gorges suggests that New England, which extends 300 miles along 
the sea coast, should be divided into several provinces ; that a 
Governor and assistants should be assigned to each, and some 
pei'son of honour appointed with the title of Lord Governor or Lord 
Lieutenant, to represent the King, for the settling of a public 
state, to be assisted with other proper officers. Considerations 
respecting the futm-e government of New England, and the persons 
to be employed. 

May 12. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Conference with 

Brooke House, passengers [by the Falcon] concerning the state of the plantation. 

Mr. Ditloff's claims for Ijooks left in the island, and two servants. 

Bill presented by the wife of Mat. Harbottle to be paid. [Colonial 

Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 130-31.] 

May IS. Minutes as above. Accusations against Nic. Goodman, the work- 
Brooka House, master, deferred. Licence to Mr. Stacey to take his tobacco con- 
signed to him by his servants in the island. Payment to Mr. Ball 
for Mr. Sherland's half share. Warrants to Nic. Goodman and 
Dan. Symonds to take up tobacco. Petition to the King to erect 
a trade at Cape Gratia de Dios, approved and ordered to be pre- 
.sented. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 131-32.] 
May 15. Minutes as above. The Earl of Holland elected Governor, Sir 
Brooke House. Gilbert Gerrard, Deputy, John Pym, Treasurer, and Wil. Jessop, 
Secretary. Mr. Hunt, the Sec. of the island, attested the truth of 
many charges against Nic. Goodman ; referred to nest meeting. 
Warrants to Mr. Boot and Serjeant Whitehead for tobacco. [Colon ial 
Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 132-33.] 

May IG. Minutes as above. Nic. Goodman's defence. Mr. Boot, for liberty 
to go into the country. Money for the Company's use. Petition of 
John Newman, a passenger in the Falcon, for allowance of his 
transportation, " he being very poor." Warrants to Mich. Ai'cher 
and John Elfrith, to take out barrels of tobacco. [Colonial Entry 
BL, Vol. III., pp. 133-34.] 

May 17. Minutes as above. State of the plantation. Resolved to send 
Brooke House, a ship of about 200 tons burden, and a pinnace, with 200 men. 



Vol. VIII. 

and that if any "svomen or cliiklreu are permitted to go, they should 
not be included in that number ; with a magazine of about eight or 
ten pounds a man, and 1,.500L in ammunition and clothes ; total 
expense about 5,500?. Means of raising this supply. Business con- 
cerning loans. [Colonial Eatvij Bh., Vol. III., pp. 131-30.] 

May 17. Minutes of a General C'oiu't for Providence Island. Payment of 
Brooke House, half a year's pension to Messrs. Roote and Ditlofi". The charges against 
Goodman ; his defence ; his wages to be paid, but a sharp reproof 
administered for his offensive demeanour. Grounds both for the 
necessity and convenience of another supply for the island. Mr. 
Treasurer's opinion on raising funds for the supply. [Colonial Entry 
Bt, Vol. III., pp. 136-37.] 

May 10. Minutes as above. Propositions concerning the quantity of the 
Brooke House, next Supply. The sending" of a great ship respited unless a number 
of passengers can be procured to transport themselves at their own 
expense. Conditions upon which Mr. Root will obtain 100 persons 
to go over at theii- own charge. Serj. Whitehead and Michael Archer 
aiErm they had discharged certain debts to the Company's stores. 
[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 137-40.] 

May 20. IVIinutes as above. Bond for the payment of SOOl. lent by the 

Brooke House. Earl of Lincoln sealed. Payment to Peter Peterson, a Dutchman, 

for work done to the forts in the island, and to the Elizabeth, and 

for 'making a shallop for Capt. Camock. [Colonial E)dry Bl:, 

Vol. III., p. 140.] 

May 22. Jlinutes as above. Mr. Ditlofi' to receive 35/. for books left by 
him in the island. Resolved that a pinnace be forthwith made 
ready for the next voyage and no greater ship prepared, also a 
catch of between 16 and 20 tons to accompany the pinnace. Agree- 
ment for raising funds to set them forth. Encouragement to 
adventurers to join_ [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 1-41.] 

May 30. ilinutes as above. Payment to Nic. Goodman of the remainder 
of his wages. Demand of Rich. Manning for 20?. for a year's ser- 
vices. Amounts paid to the surgeon of the Falcon and Alice Field 
the gunner's wife. Repair of the Falcon. The Robert, a ship of 
210 tons with 18 pieces of ordnance, may be hired for 50?. a month. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 142-43.] 

]\Lay ? 15. [Capt. Israel Stoughton] to his dear brother [Dr. Stoughton]. 

r)orchester Mr. Patrickson, Mr. Cradock's agent, happily came in the spring. 
[Aew England]. ^^ ^y^^^ arrived, though many are heard of. Supposes he will hear 
much about the cross in the banners ; it is true Capt. Endicott did 
deface it upon his oavu private head. Long account of the political 
and religious difierences in consequence. There has been somewhat 
to do about a negative voice for magistrates. Details concerning 
the history of the government of New England and his troubles 
through having been induced by Mr. Wareham of Dorchester, their 
pastor, to write down his reasons for " refusing to give them [the 



VuL. yiii. 

magistrates] such a negative as tliey challenged." Has been accused 
by Wintiirup nf being the tronbler of Israel and a worm, such as 
Hooker had spoken of in his sermon. "This General Court" 
[6 May 1634, John] Haynes was chosen Governor, a very godly 
man of Hooker's charge. Veiy many hands against Winthrop, 
who has lost much of that applause he had for being either Governor 
or Assistant ; some put in blanks because they would admonish him 
to look a little more circumspectly to himself. " He is indeed a man 
of man and some say they have idolized him and do now confess 
their error." Begs these things may be kept private. 

1634? 16. "A proper Ballad, called the Sununons to New England, to 

the tune of the Townsman's Cap," eleven stanzas of eight lines, 
commencing thus : — 

" Let all the Purisidian sect, 
I mean the counterfeit Elect." 

The last stanza but one is as follows — 

" The Native people, though yet wyld, 
Are all by nature kinde and mylde. 
And apt allready, ^by reporte,) 
To live in this religious sorte, 
Soone to conversion they'l be brought 
When Warham's miracles are ^vl■ought, 
Who being sanctified and pure • 

May by the Spiritt them allure." 

June 6. 17. Sir Ferd. Gorges to Sec. Windebank. Hopes he has already 

Ashton, near sufficiently enlarged upon the necessity of some speedy course for 
"^'■^ " ■ settling tlie affairs of New England. Has had conference with my 
Lord of Lindsey, Lord Gorges, and some others, about that liusiness, 
and given his opinion of the advantages of finding persons of worth 
willing to engage themselves as actors in the management of it. 
Has said enough to manifest his zeal in the service. Could say 
more of the fitness of this business, but leaves it for a fairer op- 

June 9. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Means of raising 

Brooke House, money. Loan of 500^. from Lord Brooke accepted. Petition of 
John Newman, for allowance of his transjiortation, refused. Request 
of Edw. Gates, one of the Council of the island, for liberty to return 
thither even as a private servant, having acknowledged the offence 
for which he was suspended. India flax, a solid commodity, 
worth at least 4.?. per lb. ; some of the gum sent from the island 
worth 2s. Gd. per lb. [Colonial Entry Blc, Vol. III., pp. 143-44.] 

June 13. Minutes as above. Petitions for warrants for the return of 
Brooke House. Jas. Gardiner, surgeon, and Rich. Field, gunner. The Governor 
to be again instructed not to restrain any free man from re- 
turning home. Intention to send a pinnace suspended. Reasons 
for a ship of good burden. Probability of a quantity of flax and 
other commodities ready at the Cape. A ship of about 50Z. per 


1631 VOL.VIIL 

month to be hired for the next voyage. Debate upon the number 
of men to go over ; the Company bound to give reasonable security 
for the safety of men's lives. Although 100 men will not render 
the island imjiregnable, they may make it defensive against 
sudden attempts ; profit depends principally upon the strength of 
the island ; the planters should be encouraged. Charge computed at 
4,100;. ; but the dett-nninati.m left to the next Court. Letter read 
from Capt. Hemmin-s, d, 'siring riiipl'iymfut as a soldiei". Certiti- 
cate from Rouen, conrerniug tlie " uniuen.-liantableness" of some of 
the [braziletta] wood. 50l per month demanded for a ship of 200 
tons, with 16 pieces of ordnance. Mr. Foster offers his services as 
a surgeon in the island. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., ]')p. 
] -i t- 17.] 

June 16. Minutes of a Coiu-t for Providence Island. Reasons for inducing 
Brooke House, the Company to send over a great .ship. Agreed unanimously to 
hire a ship, to be dispatched with all expedition ; the charges for 
bulk, victuals, and mariners' wages not to exceed J 30/. per month. 
Number of men to be transported, referred for consideration. Fine 
imposed upon Nic. Goodman, in Providence, for ,a breach of the 
peace, remitted. [Colonial Entry Bk:, Vol. III., lip. 147-49.] 

June 19. Minutes as above. Concerning Mr. Chamberlayne's refusal to 

Brooke llous?. pay for the [braziletta] wood. Mr. Ditloff, intending shortly " to go 
home into his country," attends to take leave of the Company, and is 
desired to state all he knows concerning the charge against Mr. Rous 
deceased, for inveigling Mr. Halhead's servant ; answers. Mr. Ditloff 
adds that he was informed Mr. Rous was insufBcient, not able to 
pray extemporarj^, and would, soldier-like, beat his men ; that he 
wrote if those things were ti-ue Mr. Rous was fitter for a buff 
coat than a cassock, but afterwards found it otherwise. Mr. Rous 
taught hiiu songs called catches, " the meaning of which word he 
understood not," the matter of which was the motion of creatm-es 
as the nightingale and the like, and Messrs. Rous and Sherland sang 
with him, but never on the Sabbath day. Ditloff denies that he had 
ever been reproved for singing such songs in Providence on the 
Lord's daj"-. The Company's wood to be sold ; the William and Ann 
shortly expected with a great quantity. Agreement touclmig the 
request of Will and Thomas Danvers to take their tobacco out of 
the warehouse. [Colonial Entry Bl\ Vol. Ill, pp. 149-52.] 

June 21. Minutes as above. Capt. Rudyerd examined, concerning his cruel 
Brooke House, usage of a servant, who, it is affirmed, died in consequence. Other 
complaints against Capt. Rudyerd to be extracted from the public 
records for his answer. Concerning the state of the island ; Capt. 
Rudyerd states that in itself it is not worth the keeping ; it may 
easily be fortified, and 600 men would preserve it against any force ; 
the forts erected cannot keep out flat bottom boats, and for security 
against them small forts, near the water, of timber, board, and 
sand, should be erected for musketeers ; the neck of land should be 
cut for the planters' retreat ; 100 ships may ride safely under command 
of the ordnance. The ship proposed may be hired for 501. per month. 



Vol. VIII. 

Proportion for a magazine. Every man to have 3 pair of drawers, 
4 shirts, 1 cassock, i pair of shoes, 8 caps, 3 neckcloths, 3 pair of 
boot hose, and a nionmouth cap. Means of raising the money ; tlie 
charge for 100 men estimated at S,oOOl. of which the adventurers 
present promise 832/. 1.5s. 3cZ., and desire to know the resohitinn 
of the rest of the Company. [Colonial E,dry Bl:, Vol III., 
■pp. 152-53.] 

June 22 ? IS. Petition of Cecily Lady De la AVarr to the King. Sets forth 
that her husband undertook a voyage to Virginia to settle a planta- 
tion and died there ; that the great profits and advantages accruing 
from thence are due to the large sums of money expended by him 
out of her jointure, and that slie was left burdened with many debts 
and only 10?. per annum to maintain herself and seven children. 
King James granted her a pension of 500/. per annum, for 31 years, 
to be paid out of the customs of the jilantation, but the grant being 
more than half expired, and the petitioner destitute of any means 
to make provision for five daughters, prays for a renewal of tlie 
pension of 500/. per annum for 31 years from the present time. 

June 26. 19. Petition of P. D. L. to tlie King. Having divers propositions 
which they conceive veiy feasible and are desirous should have a 
trial, pray that their proposal, to disburden the kingdom of all the 
poor and enrich itself with a powerful trade, by settling a colony in 
the West Indies, may be referred to tlie Lord Mayor and Aldermen 
of London for their opinion. /'/"/- r"-,-:ff, ,, is the r.'fcTciLCe drsired, 
Greenwich 26 June, 1634. [77'.- ii.itn'ls t.. tins ;v^7;,,„ nil.jhthe 
taken for Peter de Licques,v:ho -iiL<iihp,ri:j^ios,ihj\n-phiHti(tions 
in Virginia and the West Indies. See ante, j). 140, iW). 42; Ivt 
that they represent miore than one pierson.^ Anne.ced, 

19. I. Order hy the Court of Aldermen for four of their bodj to 
consider the proposition and report their opinion. 1634, 
Oct. 14. 

19. II. Proposal foi' the settlement of a colony in the West Indies. 

19. III. Contr edit against the proposal. 

19. IV. Ansvjers to the contredit. Endorsed hy Sec. Coke, "April 
1635, Montague's proposition to enrich the Kingdom." 

June 26. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Auditors appointed. 
Brooke House. Several new adventurers admitted. Mr. Rish worth's claim for 
goods. Proportion of magazine for the planters, " supposing that 
there are about 300 men in the island." 

June 27. A ketch to be purchased for about 80/. Capt. Camock's bill of 
necessaries agreed to, the amount about 422/. Serj. Whitehead 
and others examined concerning Capt. Rudj'erd's servant, called 
Fload, who was beaten and died six weeks after. Mr. Hunt, tlie 
late secretary, ordered to attend touching his request for a recom- 
pence for liis tlu-ee years' service in Providence. 

June 28. ]Mr. Hunt's charge, drawn up from the records, read in his presence ; 
they chiefly relate to his having tampered with the records in the 



Vol. VIII. 

island. Exceptions to his answer. Hunt is allowed to give his 
answer in M'riting. [Colonial Entry Bl\, Vol. III., pp. 154-59.] 

June .30. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Agreement mth the 
Brooke House, owners of the Kol.iert, for her hire at 50?. per month. One year 
allowed Capt. Rudyerd for payment of his debt of about 40/.. to 
the Company's store. Power to a committee to sell the Falcon. 
An entire share is made up to Sir Nath. Rich. \_Colonial Entry 
BL, Vol. III., pp. 159-GO.] 

July 1. Minutes as above. Capt. Fletcher offers his services. Mr. 
Brooke House. Hunt's answer to the charges drawn up by Mr. Treasurer, and 
judgment. Hunt discharged from further attendance. His proposi- 
tions concerning the profits of his plantation. The act of restoring 
Lieut. Rous to his place at the Council table in Providence, by the 
Governor of the island, notwithstanding his refusal to submit to 
the sentence against him, is considered illegal. Ordered that Rous 
be suspended until he makes a public acknowledgment, according to 
the censure, and that the Governor be sharply reproved for having 
thus acted " in an imdue manner." [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 160-62.] 

July 2. Minutes as above. Proposition by Sam. Symonds, late a planter in 
Brooke House, the Somers Islands, concerning himself and the public state of 
Providence. Desires better allowance for his office of Sheriff, with 
power to sell his plantation, and that a minister and surgeon may be 
sent over. Committee appointed to peruse the records as they 
anive, and report to the Company what " they conceive fit to be 
put out." Proceedings concerning a charge against Sarah Butclier, 
for which he was afterwards cleared, ordered to "be taken off 
record." Finance. Business connected with the voyage of the 
Robert. Commission granted to certain persons to contract for all 
tobacco that comes to England ; but thought fit that dilatory 
answers be given to the Commissioners until Michaelmas term. 
[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 162-64.] 

July 5. Minutes as above. Petition of Rich. Manning for payment of 

Brooke "House, certain money received by the Company for tobacco, and Ijelonging 
to him as executor to John Essex, deceased, referred to Lord Brooke. 
Sealing of the "charter part" [of the Robert]. The Company, 
taking" into consideration the many noble favours of the E-arl of 
Holland, their Governor, although he has not paid any money into 
their stock, conclude to repute him, in aU dividends, an adventurer of 
one entire share. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 165-66.] 

July 9. Minutes as above. Answer to petition of Ric. Mannings, for 

recompence as overseer of the public workmen. Letter from Capt. 
Axe, concerning the accounts for his tobacco, the money to be paid 
forthwith. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., v. 16G ] 

July 10. 20. "Relation of certain passages between the Governor of Vir- 
ginia, Capt. Yong and Capt. Mathews," concerning the employment 
by Yonc in Virginia of a planter's man, who was a ship carpenter, and 


1G3-L ^'-•™- 

tlio disputes between the Governor and Capt. Matbews about Yong's 
commission. Signed by Tlios. Yong, and certified by Thos. Corn- 
waleys, Thos. Purity, and Robt. Evelin, as being present when part of 
tlie discourse took phice. 

July 10. 2L Petition of George Griffith and Company, proprietors of the 
Warwick, of London, to the Admiralty. Three years past they set 
furtli a ship to New England and Virginia, for trade and discovery, 
ami appointed Henry Fleet their factor, with commission to return 
witliiii oiM year, but by authority of Sir John Harvey, Governor 
of Virginia, Fleet has restrained the ve.ssel and profits to the 
petitioners' great loss. Pray that the examination of the premises 
in lyerpetuam rei memoriam may be referred to Sir Henry Marten, 
Judge of the Admiralty. Endorsed, "Eec 1634, July 10." 

July li. 22. Gov. Harvey to [Sec. "\^'indebank]. Improvements of the 
Virginia, colony during his government. Fortifications. Strong palisades 
for the safe range of cattle, " near as big as Kent," have been 
erected. Excessive planting of tobacco has been lessened, and the 
growth of corn increased, ten thousand bushels having this year 
been sent for relief of New England. "Virginia is now become 
the granary of all His Majty'" northern colonies." There is great 
plenty of beeves, goats, hogs, and all sorts of poidtry, and a begin- 
ning has been made of orange.s, lemons, figs, vine.s, and all kinds of 
fruit. The country generally unprovided with munition. Had a 
grant of 1,000?. per annum out of the customs of the colony, but 
has not received any for five years. Meets with great opjwsition 
from his assistants. All things that come to the colony sold for at 
least three times what they cost in England. Ca]:)t. Yong arrived 
about Srd inst. with two ships ; he has already built his shallops, 
and will be gone within two daj's. 

July 14. ilinutes of a Court for Providence Island. Finance. The Secre- 
Brooku House, tary to demand '■ at the counting-house of tlie Royal Exchange" the 
rent due from Mr. Slaney for the Company's shares in the Somers 
Islands. Ships from Association to be stayed, that a course may be 
taken for satisfaction of debts due to the Company from planters 
there. John Symonds to go the next voyage to Providence, with 
two men and one boy ; fifty men to be also provided. [Colonial 
Entry Bh, Vol. III., pp. 1G6-67.] 
July 18. Minutes as above. Rich. Manning's account. Mr. Darley, in- 
tending to go to Holland, is entreated to make stay of ships from 
Association until the Company's debts in that island are satisfied. 
John Edvvyn appointed pirrser of the Long Robert, and Gray Fitch, 
surgeon. Mr. Treasurer desired to pay the owners lOOL [Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 167-68.] 

July ? 23. Petition of Capt. William Button, employed by the planters 

of Virginia, to the " Lords Commissioners for plantations in ge- 
neral." Prays that letters may lie sent to Virginia to assure the 
planters that they shall be again incorporated, and enjoy their 
estates and privileges as before the recalling of their patents ; that 
orders be given to the Governor and Council of A^irginia to dispose 


of lands to planters lieing freemen, as they had power to do hefore 
1625, and that he inaj' have a grant of land on either side of the 
river Appamatiick. 

July 22. The Privy Council to the Governor and Council in Virginia. The 
Whitehall, planters may for the present enjoy their estates and trade with the 
same privileges as before the recalling of their patents. Authorize 
the Governor and Council to dispose of proportions of land to 
planters being freemen, as they had power to do before 1625. 
Capt. William Button, for his services to the plantation, allowed 
land on either side of the river Appamatuck most convenient to him- 
self, as hath been usually granted for himself and the servants 
transported liy him. Will acquaint them v.-ith the King's pleasure 
upon their " farther powers." [Cvkmial Entry Bk., Vul.LXXlX., 

July ? 2-i. Petition of Henry Woodhouse, Muster-Master of Sutiblk, to 

the King. About three years past his Majesty promised the peti- 
tioner the place of Governor of Virginia. The present Governor 
having enjoyed his commission five years, which time few have 
exceeded, Capt. Talbot possessing the fort at Tilbury, and the 
petitioner never having received a penny for his employments at 
Rh(^ and Rochelle, prays for a commission to govern Virginia. 
[Endorsed by Sec. Cuke. See also Jidy, 1635, p. 213, No. 75.] 

July 30. Minutes of a Court fir Providence Islaml. Mr. Lidsey's petition, 

Brooke House, a request of Gray Fitch, and '• the perfecting of the list " referred to 
Lord Brooke and Mr. Treasurer. Lieut. Rous, at the request of Mr. 
Treasurer, is pardoned with a caution. A magazine to be sent [in 
the Long Robert]. Means of raising money. Names of the mem- 
bers, and the sums they adventure. Finance. Committee authorized 
to manage everything concerning the voyage, and to write letters to 
Association. Warrant to John Lydsy [?Lidsey] to take out his tobacco. 
The Falcon to lie sold for 200^. Serjt. Whitehead entertained lieu- 
tenant of the fort at Black Rock with six servants. Sam. Symonds 
to have three servants free, as appertaining to his office of Sheriff. 
Mic. Archer to have liberty to go the voyage with three servants. 
[Colonicd Entry Bk., Vol. III.,'pp- l«8-70.]'' 

July 30. The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Council 
there. Are thankful to find, by their let1,ers of 18 December last, that 
the colony is in safety, plenty, and health. Directions to complete 
the fortifications. Ric. Field and Jos. Hinckson, gunners, permiited 
to come home ; others appointed. Supply of captains' places. Re- 
conmiend more time to be bestowed upon " the raising of profit ;' 
the jilanting of tobacco to be restrained ; and cotton and silkgrass to 
be called Camock's flax, if it will grow there, to be attended to. 
" God's blessing rest upon it as a merchandise abundantly sufiicient 
to give both us and you contentment." Cultivation of " other 
drugs," to be transplanted from the main, including indigo, Guinea 
pepper, and jalap. Oilseeds to be discontinued. Directions for 
curing the flax. Distribution of the Company's magazines. Price 




Vol. VIII. 

set upon the commodities of the ishand ; cotton 6d. jjer lli., tobacco, 
" an uncertain commodity " lOtZ. per lb., but for this year only. 
A magazine now sent, whereby it will be seen they have not been 
left like forsaken Indians ("which term you might well have 
spared"). Care in distribution. Market days appointed for sale 
of stores. Storekeeper's accounts. Debts of those leaving the 
island. Capt. Elf'rith and Mr. Rishworth appointed to get in the 
oU del)ts. As many men sent as could be conveniently got ; the 
disci luraging informations in the j^limters' letters have prevented 
more from going. Men and ammunition promised, in case a good 
c^uantity of ilax or other merchantable commodities are grown. 
Distribution of the servants now sent over. Encouragements to 
those who have purchased their freedom to remain. Approve of the 
order of Council for no less than five to compose a family. The 
men taken by Capt. Camock replaced. Cannot supply the island 
with sawyers. Have not sent a boat as desired, but a shipwright 
goes with Mr. Gates. Time must be allowed new comers for 
building and clearing their ground before theii- services in the 
public works are required. Desire that the Indians upon no pre- 
tence be furnished with weapons or means to practise the use of 
gunpowdei'. The late Mr. Hart's accounts. Concerning servants 
and the disposal or management by agents of plantations. Liberty 
to Capt. Rudyerd and Mr. Hunt to sell their plantations ; that 
of Ed. Williams to be disposed of Accept Mi-. Rishworth's services 
as secretary. Rejoice at the affection for Mr. Roote ; he cannot 
return liy this ship. To obtain good ministers for the island is the 
chief Viusiness of the Company. Mr. Gates allowed to return, but not 
yet to be restored to the Council. Approve of the choice of Marshal. 
Directions concerning the records. Mr. Ditloff's proceedings with 
Mr. Sherhard. All passages reflecting upon Mr. Rous, deceased, 
ordered to be taken off record. Lieut. Rous to be suspended from 
the Council for striking Forman in the Governor's presence, not- 
withstanding the Governor has reinstated liim. Indecent entries in 
the examination of Sarah Butcher to be taken off record. Capt. 
Rudyerd to blame for scandalizing Mr. Halhead. Goodman's con- 
duct disliked. Fines and forfeitures to be levied by the Sheriff for 
the Company's use, and distributed for public charges. Those of 
Capt. Axe and Lieut. Rous, about poisoning, remitted because of 
their many good services. If Capt. Axe return, and acknowledge 
his miscarriage in opposing the Governor, he is to be reinstated in 
his offices ; if not, to be at liberty to sell his plantation. Wages of 
public servants. Demands of Chas. Wettenhall, the late Marshal. 
Complaint of the parents of Edw. Bragg. Capt. Bell to continue 
in the govermnent until further orders. [ Colonial Entry Bl\, Vol. 
/F., ])j). CI-(3(5.] 

July 30. The Company of Providence Island to Governor Bell. Have 
received his letter of 2nd Jan. Are unable at present to complete 
his portion of servants, the reputation of the island ha\'ing been 
weakened by discouraging letters from thence. Will think of some 
way of rewarding his services. Employment of negroes pro^dded by 


1684. VoL.VIIL 

Capt. Hilton. Distribution of the magazine. Upon the Coun- 
cillors not observing the respect due to his ofBce. Find that in re- 
admitting Lieut. Rous to the Council he seems to have grounded 
his authority •' upon a supposed privilege wliich you call prerogative 
as annexed to your place . . . neither do we like the use of 
that word." Commend his discontinuance of a guard, the employ- 
ment of miners, and the montlily inspection of every man's plan- 
tation. Those who will not work not to have supplies from the 
stores, " according to the Apostle's rule — he that will not labour, 
let him not eat." Very much approve of his proclamation for 
preventing mixed dancing and other vanity. The ministers 
should second his authority. Concerning women going over " as 
our servants" to be married, and assaults committed in the island. 
Punishments. Privately insti'uct him on this head, " least a gap be 
opened to more liberty." Mr. Floud. Propo.sition concerning 
Henrietta. Encouragement to Mr. Roote. Have sent a chest of 
wax lights. Petitions from Mr. Kendrick, Hen. Clark, Wil. Wyatt, 
and seven others, for leave to return to England, granted. Ed. Forster 
goes over as surgeon, and Mr. Darly, brother to a " member of our 
society." [Colonial Entri/ Bl:, Vol. IV., 'pp. (itj, 67.] 

July 30. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Sussex Camock. Are 
London. glad to hear of his safe arrival at the Cape, and good entertainment 
amongst the Natives. Apin-ove his having erected a place of 
defence. Commend to his care the good usage of the Indians, and 
by all means to restrain oflensive or wanton carriage towards the 
women. Commodities received ai-e all of value, especially the silk 
gi-ass, which they will have called Camock's grass "for his honour 
and encouragement." Directions to procure as much as possil)le. 
Wish him to confer with John Elfrith, who says there is great store 
in Monkey Bay. Vessels sent for boiling and cleansing the flax. 
Other commodities not to be neglected. Gray Fitch, the surgeon, 
appointed to make experiments upon the main. Notice of a 
balsam useful in surgery, and a soft gum. Desire a particular 
account of all commodities of the several nations with whom he 
trades, upon what terms, and those dealt in. Good plants and seeds 
to be sent to Providence. The flax alone sufiicient to enrich that 
island. Have sent a ship of 200 tons ; hope she will return home 
fully freighted. Commodities to be assigned wholly to the Com- 
pany. Oflicers appointed to receive goods. Have sent the supply as 
requested. Directions for the distribution and payment. Will allow 
2.S. per lb. for flax. Cannot settle the rates of other commodities. 
Have been careful to send a good minister ; also ordnance. No 
violence to be used towards the Spaniards, or any other nation. 
Will call Harbottle to account for trading at the Cape. Interlopers. 
Dissensions in Providence. Great discontent and discoiu-agement 
caused by taking so many men from that island, and the necessity 
of strengthening it. Hope Capt. Axe may be spared to return to 
Providence for practice of liis art in fortifications. Agreement 
with Albertus Blufeild ratified. Commend his own carriage. 
Disorderly persons. The fugitive Spaniard. Williams has been 



,G3i ^'-■^'"^- 

sent back to A.-sru-iaticm. Autliority to punish liim sIjouM lie mis- 
beliave liiinself. Send a rundlet of .sack, and a of .strong waters 
as a token of their love. Instructions in case no good come of this 
design, " which God forbid, and we cannot yet imagine." [Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. IV., pp. OS, CO.] 
Julv 30. The Company of Providence Ishmd to Capt. Sam. Axe. Are 
Loiidon. sorry to hear that he has left Providence. Accept his in- 
formation concerning the state of the ishand, and desire that 
he will continue it, wishing him only to avoid and 
general accusations. " We do value your parts, and when occasion 
serves we .sliall show our esteem of you." The cause of his 
suspension differently represented by the records. Disallow any 
bella^•iour or language tending to weaken the authority of Govern- 
ment. Dislike that men of art should be checked and slighted by 
those not able to direct, especially in matters of fortification, but 
forbear entering into examination of complaints. " The poisoning 
busines.s" charged against Nic. Goodman. Have remitted his fine in 
regard of his many former good services. Division of the magazine. 
Have taken care " that diligence may be supplied, and the sluggard 
clothed with rags." Thank him for setting out the works, par- 
ticulai'ly Warwick Fort. Earnestly propose that he return to the 
island, in which case he shall be restored to all his places. Liberty 
to sell his plantation if he resolve not to return. Request him to 
send particular information of the commoditie.s, patterns of which 
have been received, above all of Camock's flax. Are assured that 
by that alone the i-lun<l will be enriched. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 
IV, p. 70.] 

July 30. The C'oin])any of Providence Island to Capt. Elfrith. Thank him for 
Loi'idon. promising to finish the Black Rock, and for his good advice for the 
advancement of the plantation. Proposition about Henrietta. Hope 
the soil of the island will be apt for the production of Camock's 
tlax. Tobacco. Have followed his advice for the issue of store 
goods. Must stand excused if the supply of men be small ; the 
cause arising from the planters' letters, " whereby the whole business 
is reputed forlorn." Have received three ragged pearls of no value. 
Wonder at the scantiness of clothing complained of. Directions have 
been given to prevent it in future. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 

July 30. The Company of Providence Island to Hope Sherhard, minister. 
Loudon. Acknowledge his worth and industry-, and commend the propagation 
of Christianity among those neighbouring jieojile who have as yet no 
knowledge of God. Earnestly desire that he will remain in the 
jilantation. Mr. Roote will stay some time in England. Will em- 
brace all counsel that may tend to the reformation of the people or 
the advancement of his comfort. The hopes of the plantation 
exceedingly weakened of late by letters from some planters and 
the discourse of some passengers. Evils likely to ensue from his 
sudden removal. Encouragement. Have remitted his debt to the 
stores, and are ready further to evidence their love and good opinion 
as occasions offer. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 71.] 



Vol. VIII. 

July 30. Instructioiis fiom tlie Company of Providence Island to Jos. 
Cnllins, chief })ilot and commauder of the [Long] Robert, of London, 
Ldund thither. To sail beginning of August direct for the Cai-ibbees, 
and there discharge passengers, take in salt at Toiiuga, and send the 
catch immediately to Providence and thence to Association, deliver 
the Company's letters, take on board any negroes bought on their 
account, and if the inhabitants are "purposed" to desert the island, 
ship them with the six pieces of ordnance to Providence. Tii demand 
an account of certain goods previously transported. Permit Kdw. 
Williams to go with him to Capt. Camock. Thence to the Mus(put(is, 
and there deliver the goods from Capt. Camock for the main. Freight 
for the return voyage. If laden with salt from Tortuga, to touch at 
Virginia on his way home, and sell it there. To transport any 
wiUing to go from St. Christopher's or Association as servants to 
Providence. To purchase not more than SO negroes at Association 
for Providence. Trade at the main prohibited. Seamen to j)ay 
10s. for every parrot brought to England, " that so your ship may 
not be unnecessarily pestered." [Guloidal Eninj Bk., Yul. IV., 
irp. 72, 73.] 

Aug. 6. Remission by the Company for Pruvidenec Island of the public 

acknowledgment of Lieut. Rous. Although the restitution of 
Lieut. Rous by the Governor to the Council table had been declared 
void, his ofl'ence of striking Forman, is freely remitted at tlie 
entreaty of John Pym, Treasurer of tlie Comjiany, without any 
public acknowledgment. {Colonial Eidri/ BL, Vol. IV., p. 72.] 

Aug. IG. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to 

Boreton, master of the pinnace bound thither with the Long Robert. 
If Capt. Camock be removed from the fort at the main, or ill success 
has befallen him, or any enemy is in posse.ssion of the place, to 
labour by help of the Indians to find him or his company, and get 
what commodities he can against the ship's arrival. To throw these 
instructions and all other letters overboard if he fall into the hands 
of an enemy. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. IV., p. 74.] 

Aug, 1(J. Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Edw. 
Gates, gentleman, and Sam. Symonds, planter. For government of 
passengers in the Long Robert. [Coloiii(Al Entry M:, Vol. I V., 

p. 74.] 

Aug. IG. Instructions to the above. During the voyage to set any of the 
passenger servants to taking in salt, cutting wood, or any other 
work that the master of the ship shall advise for the Company's 
service. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. IV, p. 74.] 

Sept. 15. 2.1. Cecil Lord Baltimore to [Sec. Windebank]. Sends his brother 

Warder Castle. Peaslcy, a suitor on his behalf, for a letter of thanks fi'om the King 

to Sir John Harvey, for the as.sistauce he has given to his Maryland 

jjlantation, and for his encouragement in a.ssisting Lord Baltimore 

against Claybourue's malicious behaviour and unlawful proceedings; 


Lis plantation now in its infancy vnll be iu great danger of being 
overthrown, if sucli letters are not sent off by the ship now ready 

to set sail. 

Sept. 18. 20. [S.-'f. Windebauk] to Sir John Harvey, Governor of "Virginia, 
Understands from Lord Baltimore that he gave assistance to his 
people at their first arrival to jjlant [in Maryland]. Assures him 
he has d<ine well, and doubts not but the King will take in good 
part this conformity to his will and jdeasure. Reminds him " that 
it is the duty of good subjects to obey and not to dispute their 
sovereign's commandment," that the King will be very sensible of 
any disobedience, " presuming of impunity by their far distance 
from hence, or some other silly hopes here." Desires him to continue 
his assistance against Claybourne's maUcious practices. [Druft, 
vAth correction.^.'] 

Sept. 29. 27. The King to the Governor of Virginia. Reasons for the 
ihiinpton Court. Kin:;'s urant to Lord Baltimore, there being land enough for the 
entertainment of many thousands, and the work more easily over- 
come by multitudes of hands and assistance. Thanks him for his 
ready assistance to the plantation begun in Maryland ; and requires 
him to continue the same, "whereiu y(3u shall do us acceptable 
ser\-ice." [Dr((ff, luitk corrections^ 

Sept. 29. 2s. The King to the Governor of Virginia. Yielding to their im- 
llampton Court, jioitunate petitions, showing that tobacco did not make \d. per lb., 
and finding that no staple commodity was raised. Commissioners 
have been appointed to treat with the planters and adventurers, 
who report that tobacco could not be afforded under GcZ. per lb., 
and 14 J. delivered in England, and the quantity to be 800,000 
weight, whicli the King's agents have informed is unreasonable. 
The bearer, John Stoner, has been appointed the King's agent, and 
a Councillor in Virginia, to treat for a contract of tobacco yearly, 
both as to price and quantity, and for the settling of staple commo- 
dities. [Draft, vAth correction.^.] 

Sept. 29. Grant to Lord Baltimore of part of the territorj- of Virginia upon 
the devolving of the old Company's right to the King. Sir John 
Harve}^ ordered to continue his help to him in the plantation he had 
begun in Maryland. [Minute. Colonial Corresp., 1623, April 7.] 

Sept. 29. Petition of Edward Kingswell to the Privj' Council. Ha\'ing 

undertaken a jilantation in Carolina, he contracted with Sam. Vassall 
to take him with his company thither, and provide a shallop and 
pinnace for the service of the intended colony. Vassall fixiling in 
both, the petitioner agreed with Peter Andrews, who had command 
of the ship [the JNIayflower], and by whose persua-sion they were 
landed at Virginia in Oct. 1633. There they remained in distress 
until the following May, with no transport to take them to Cai-olina. 
The plantation has been thus hindered and the voj^age frustrated. 
Having suffered much in reputation and been damnified about 3,000/. 
he complained to the Governor of Virginia, then started for England, 


1634. YoL.VIIL 

made complaint to the Lord Privj- Seal and obtained a warrant 
against Andrews. Prays that Vassall, and Andrews who is in a 
messenger's custody, may be ordered to find sureties to answer the 
petitioner's complaints and a day appointed for the hearing. 
Endorsed, "1634 Sept., dispatched." 

Sept. ? 30. State of the case between Edward Kingswell and Samuel 

Vassall for breach of covenant concerning the transportation of 
Kingswell and his company to the intended plantation of Carolina, 
of which Kingswell was to be Governor. 

Sept. ? 31. Petition of Kichard Kemp to the King. Having been ap- 

pointed Secretary for Virginia, at the recommendation of the Duke 
of Lenox and the Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery, prays tliat he 
may be inserted a patentee, by right of his place in the patent now 
in course of being drawn out by the Attorney General. 

Oct. ? 32. Petition of William Clobery, John De la Barre, and David 

IMoorehead to the King. By virtue of His Majesty's commission 
they, by means of Capt. Will. Claybourne, one of the Council and 
Secretary for Virginia, settled the Isle of Kent in Chesapeak Bay, 
which they discovered and purchased from the Natives, but which has 
been since comprehended in the patent of Lord Baltimore, who by 
violent |ii-(M'('iMliiiL;s intends to dispossess them. Pray for His Majesty's 
commission in i ■. mfirmatiou of their former commission, wherein it 
may be declared that the petitioners and Claybourne shall peaceably 
enjoy that island. Inclose, 

32. I. Commission authorizing Capt. Will. Claijhourne and his 
associates to make cliscovevies for increase oj trade in 
America; rvith licence freely to trade for corn, furs, or 
other commodities in those parts. Grccmvich, 1631, 
May 16. Endorsed by Sec. Coke, " Letters written by 
His Majesty to settle the possessors." 

Oct. 8. 83. The King to the Governor and Council of Virginia, and to 

imptoa Court, all lieutenants of provinces and countries in America. Requires 

them to be assisting the planters in Kentish Island, that they may 

peaceably enjoy the fruits of their labours, and forbids Lord Baltimore 

or his agents to do them any violence. [Cojjy.] 

Oct. 1 5. ]\Iinutes of a Court for Pro\'idence Island. Arrival and sale of 

the Elizabeth. Seamen's wages. Letters from Capt. Camock con- 
cerning trading at the Cape contrary to the Company's instructions. 
Nothing but parrots and victuals traded for by the mariners accused. 
Financial business. [Colonial Entry Bl:, Vol. III., pp. ] 70-72.] 

Nov. ? 3-1. Considerations [by Sir Ferdinando Gorges] necessary to be 

resolved upon in settling the Governor for Nbay England. So many 
discontented persons having got already into the best parts of the 
country, whether such as would go over should not have licence, and 
be bound to be conformable to the rights and ceremonies of the 
Churcli. Whether letters from the King shoidd not be written to 


-|(,q. Vol. VIIL 

the Lieut, and Justices, &c., of the several counties to send with his 
Governor a number of people fit for plantation, to be cliosen out 
of such young persons, being married, as have no home of tlieir 
own, who shall have a portion of land allotted to them in perpetuity. 
Howsoever, the agent of New Plymouth pretended that the appear- 
ance of the Dutch in Connecticut River was without the knowledge 
of the inhabitants. The proceedings of such as are neighbours to 
the Dutch and disaffected both to tlie King's government and to the 
Stati' Eci.-li'siastical make it unsafe to grant them more extent or 
autliority, bi-cause, sensible that their disafiection is known, they 
seek to tbrtity themselves by the aid of the Dutch. If a drunken 
Governor be sent over, tliey will put him in the stocks, and send 
him back again, " whether it be not more than time these people 
should be looked unto." Annexed, 

Si. I. rroposed draft of a letter to he v:ritten hy the King to the 
Lieutenants, Justices, &c., of the several counties in 
England. Directions have been given for a Governor to 
he sent to Neiv England for ordering the jyuhlic affairs 
hetiueen the several plantations, to settle a Council of State 
' and determine upon anuniform administration of justice 
throughout the country. They are required to puhlisfi 
this letter that the better sort and most active spirits of 
the country may he encouraged to join in sending over a 
competent number of people luith necessary provisions ; 
especicd care to he had of the honesty of their lives and 
conversation, such being the vnost likely to propagate and 
confirm a plantcdion. Proportions of land will he 
assigned, to them and their heirs in pierpetuity. 
Account of the names of those v:ho interest themselves 
therein, and the number of people they resolve to send, is 
speedily expiected. 

[Nov. 12.] 35. Petition of John Cutting and William Andrews to the Pri\-y 
Council. Present according to order certificates of the names of all 
passengers who have gone to New England in their ships. Pray 
for release of tlieir bonds. Annexed, 

35. I. Xote of the names and ages of passengers v:ho took 
shipping in the Francis of Ipswich, John Cutting, 
master, hound for Nevj England, 30 Apiril 163-1, all 
having taken the oath of allegiance. 

35. II. Note of the names and ages of all passengers in the alove 
ship who did not take the oath, being under age. 

35. III. ]S"ote of the names and ages of passengers who took 
shipping in the Elizabeth of Ipswich, Wil. Andrews, 
master, bound for Neiv England, 30 Apnl 1634, all 
having taken the oath of allegiance. 

35. IV. Note of the names and ages of cdl passengers in the above 
ship ivho did not take the oath, being ^i,nder age. 


163i. YOI..VIIL 

Nov. 17. Minutes of a Court fin- Providence Lsiand. Accounts for the 

Brooke House. ] voyage and other financial business. Reciuest of Mr. Darley 
concerning- his brother's charges, he having gone to Providence. 
Fifteen pounds to be paid to Rich. Lane, for lialf a year's service at 
tlie Bay of Darien. Recompence to those emjihjyed witli him in 
that voyage to be considered. [Colonial Entry BJc, Vol. III., 
l>p. 172-73.] 

Nov. 2-4 Minutes as above. Financial state of the Company. Mr. 

Brooke House. Barnardiston allowed time t" pav his share. Mr. Treasurer's accounts 
audited. [Colonial Entry lJ/.:,'Vol. III., p. 171.] 

Nov. 27. Minutes as above. Accounts f(ir tlie last voyage. Old delits of 

Brooke House, the Company. Sale of the Falcon and Elizabetli for .340/. [Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. III., p. 175.] 

Dec. 2. Minutes as above. Propositions by Mr. Hart concerning goods 

Brooke House, delivered to Mr. Lane at Association. Statement of Mr. Treasurer's 

accounts allowed, and Mr. Treasurer fully discharged. Concerning 

the Company's debts, pensions, and other payments. [Colonial 

Entry Bk., Vol. III., jjp. 17G-84.] 

Dec. 8. Minutes as above. Concerning the Company's debts and other 

Brooke House, financial matters. Committee ajipoiuted for the business of Asso- 
ciation, to write letters to Mr. Ashman, and appoint an agent in 
Holland for the Company. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol III., pp. 

[Dec. 0.] SG. Sir Ferd. Gorges to the Lords [Commissioners for Plantations]. 
Hns conferred with those pi-incipally interested in the plantations of 
New England, as to whether they would wholly resign their patent 
to the King, and so leave to His Majesty the sole management of 
public affairs, or prosecute the business amongst themselves and 
have the patent renewed. Desires that the patent may be confirmed 
to tliem with sucli alterations and additions of privileges as may 
be thought fit, and the patent books and seals of the Company 
delivered to whoever is appointed Governor of the Plantations, 
for present prosecution of the business, till further resolution from 
the King. 

Dec. IG. 37. Governor Harvey to Sec. Windebank. Is desirous to do Lord 

Virgiuia. Baltimore all the service he is able, but liis power is not great, being 
limited by his commission to the greater number of voices at the 
Council table, where almost all are against liim, especially when it 
concerns Maryland. Many so averse to tliat plantation, "that 
they cry and make it their familiar talk that they would ^rather 
knock their cattle on the heads tliau sell them to Maryland." Sus- 
pects the f\iction is nourished in England, and also by Capt. 
Mathews (" who scratching his head and in a fury stamping cried 
a pox upon Maryland "). .Mathews is the patron of disorder as he 
will understand by Lieut Eveliu, the bearer. 



Vol. VIIL 

Dec. 20. 38. Sir Henry Marten, Judge of the Admiralty, to the Privy 

Council. Report upon the petition of Edward Kingswell [see ante 
2). 190, Xo. 29]. The complaint against Andrews for providing 
bad and scanty victuals cannot be proved, but Vassall and Andrews 
are justly charged with breach of covenant for not conveying the 
petitioner and his company to Carolina, in a ship heretofore 
called the Christopher and Mary, but since named the Mayflower. 

Dec. 39. James Cudworth to " his very loving and kind father," Dr. 

"Citewat" Stoughton. Desires he will be ft-equent in his letters, for he finds a 
[icituatej. gj.gj^^ ^g.j q£ sweetness in them. Is ready to lay down his life 
rather than part with one of their ordinances, " for with those we 
must serve our God." Sorry to hear of his sickness. The Lord has 
made him acquainted with the manner in which He will be wor- 
shipped. Has seen what his forefathers desired to see, that Christian 
liberty which Christ purchased for them. " Great news out of New 
England touching the presbyterial Government as it seems esta- 
blished there." [This is in another hand, in the margin, and refers to 
the names of the pastors and teachers for Plymouth, Boston, Dor- 
cliester, Charles Town, Salem, and other places.] Intreats him to 
direct aU his friends that come over to Citewat, where Mr. Lathrop, 
then- pastor, has at length safely arrived. Advises him if he come 
into that land not to engage himself to any, but to choose his own 
place of settlement. Relates with grief " a strange thing " by some 
of the Church of Salem, who have " cut out the cross in the flag or 
ancient that they carry before them when they train." Capt. 
Endeeott, their captain, a holy, honest man, iitterly abandons it. 
His house, being the largest, is their meeting-house, where they are 
as yet but 60 persons. Domestic aff'airs. Endorsed, "Doctor 
Stoughton showing his great correspondence with the irregular, in- 
conformable fugitive ministers beyond the seas in New England." 

Dec. 24. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Letter brought 

by a Dutchman from Capt. Bell. The Dutchman says the colony is 
in health ; their fortifications handsome, and their ordnance fit to 
prevent the ajiproach of ships. The coast is dangerous for strange 
vessels, the cotron proves well, and their fields are full of tobacco, 
whereof 7,000 weight was exchanged for coramoditie.s. Went to 
Association, where '"tliey had about 1.50 remaining alive," and fi'om 
thence to Cajjt. Camock. Gives a most encom'aging account of the 
trade and produce of the Cape ; three Dutch ships at the Bay of 
Darien found gold about the necks of the natives, but the Vice- 
Admiral, going armed with his men among them, for the purpose of 
trade, the Indians fled, and killed the Vice-Admiral with a dart, 
'•■ and so the design was crossed," OH'ers his services to the Com- 
panv, who order him a reward of 5/. [Colonial Eidry Bk., Yul. 
ni.,i>l>. 186-87] 

1634.? 40. Petition of the jilanters of New England to the King. Set 

forth the great discouragement to them in that they are not able to 
send ships to the plantations in New England, before obtaining- 

COLONIAL rAPp;Rs. 19,5 

1634. Vo^- Vm. 

licence, and the prohibitive impost upon many articles of neces- 
sity there. Pray that they may have freedom to transport free of 
customs all their portable estate.?, with fitting necessaries, to their 
several plantations. Annexed, 

40. I. A ixirticular of the liberties granted to the planters of 
Neiu England, their factors and agents, by the patent of 
4 March 1629. 
40. II. Proofs that they have been debarred of those privileges. 

1C34? 41. "A Form of project for settling the profession of the Gospel 

of Christ in New England, to be signed by benefactors to that 
plantation." Endorsed, " Found amongst Dr. Stoughton's papers. 
This letter containeth an undue way of gathering monies without 
authority, for the plantation in New England." [Co^jy.] 

1C34 ? 42. Petition of Mam-ice and Edward Thompson and Geo. Snelling 

to the Privy Council. Have hii-ed the Discovery and the Sampson 
for a voyage to the Caribbee Islands. Pray for licence to transport 
500 dozen of shoes, 200 muskets, and 200 swords for the use and 
defence of those plantations. 

1G34. 43. " Map of the south part of New England as it is planted this 

year, 1634." [This is a printed' copy of the map inserted in the 
first edition of Wood's " New England Prospect."^ 
Jan. 19. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. The Company, 

suspecting Colson's intention to return to Holland, with their papers 
delivered to him at Providence, procure letters for stopping him. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 18tS.] 

Jan. 27. 44. Governor Sir John Harvey to Sec. AYindebank. Received the 

Virgiaia. King's letters [of 29 Sept. 1634] on 10th inst., but Mr. Stoner, who 

was entrusted with His Majesty's directions, died on the voyage. 

Cannot hear of his papers. Will make known the King's commands 

to the Assembly, which will meet on 20th of next month. 

Jan. 29. Minutes of the Council for New England. Lords Sterling and 

Loid Gorges' Alexander admitted Councillors and Patentees. The Duke of Lenox, 
St :\larti"^sLane Marquis of Hamilton, and Earl of Carlisle admitted " before this 
book was received " from the Clerk of the Privy Council [W. Dick- 
enson], to be registered as Patentees and Councillors. [Colonial 
Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4, p. 18.] 

Feb. 3. Minutes as above. Agreement made for the several divisions of 

Loi-tl Gorges' lands upon the sea coasts of New England, to be immediately held 
°^^''' (if His Majesty, which were granted to the Patentees, Adventurers, 
and Council of New England by charter, by King James I. The 
boundaries of these divisions, eight in number, are particularly 
described. On ] 8th April leases for 3,000 years were granted, and 
on 22nd April several deeds of feoffment were made to the several 
proprietors. [Colonial Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4, p/>. 19-22.] 

Feb. 3. 45. Copy of the preceding. 


1QO- Vol. \'in. 

Feb. 3. 4G. Ci>i)y nf ]iart of the ]ireee(liiig llimite of 3 Feb. Eecitai of 

Lord (_uiri;es' divisidii. 

Feb. 3. 47. Copy of [.art of the above. Recital of Capt. Mason's division. 

[Certified 'copy.] 

Feb. 3. 48. Another copy of the preceding. 

Feb. 4. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Eesolved to petition 

Warwick House, the King for a new patent for trade upon the main; that tlie 
Company may be incorporated by a new name, and enjoy other 
privileges. The Earl of Holland promised to move the King for a 
grant, to acquaint the Lord Treasurer with their intention, and 
crave his assistance. Mr. Woodcock's offer to lend a ship for carrying 
passengers to Providence, referred for consideration. Warrant 
having been obtained for the apprehension of Sam. Colson, it is 
resolved to procure another for Mic. Archer, both suspected of a 
secret combination to go to Holland, where it is feared dangerous 
use may be made of the Company's letters [from Providence], 
remaining, "for ought is known," in Colson's hands. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 188-89.] 

Feb. 5. Minutes as above. Warrants for the apprehension of Colson and 

Archer delivered to Isaac Barton. The William and Anne having 
arrived at Flushing from Association, a person to be sent to take 
account of her good.?. Mr. Lane agrees to return to Providence by 
the next ship, at the request of the Company ; if any plantation is 
settled upon the main, he is to have liberty to remove there. 
Accounts ordered to be made out, of money disbursed by the 
Company for hira. He is requested to put in writing his information 
. of some miscarriages in the government there, " that they [the 
Company] might reprove reform, and order things as shall be tit." 
[Colonial Entry EL, Vol. III., pp. 189-90.] 

Feb. 9. Minutes as above. Peter Key's proposition to settle an allowance 

Brooke House, on his brotlier, wlio had been two years upon the main with Capt. 
Camock, as minister to his Company ; the Treasurer ordered to pay 
lOl. for his present supply. Mr. Woodcock's offer to lend his ship of 
] 50 tons for 1 1 01. monthly, including victuals and mariners' wages, 
after her unlading at St. Christopher's, accepted, an opportunity 
having presented itself to take over a minister, Mr. Lane, Mr. 
Sherhard's wife, and some servants, whereby Mr. Sherhard's stay in 
Providence will be confirmed, and the planters much encouraged. 
Tlje numljcr of persons to be sent, and the means to raise money re- 
ferred fur consideration. [Colonial Entry Bk:, Vol. III., pp. 191-92.] 

Feb. IG. Minutes as above. Letter read from Capt. Bell of May 17, 1G34. 

Brooke House. Mr. Lanc treated with concerning liis removal to Providence ; several 
requests made by him complied with. His demand for a loan of 
40?. referred to consideration. Mrs. Hart acquainted witii the state 
of her husband's accounts, which are annexed ; referred for further 
examination. A Committee appointed for managing the Company's 
business. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pip. 192-93.] 


1635. ^'o'" ^'"I- 

Fell. 20. Minutes of a Court for Provi.lence Islan.I Propo.sals to Mr. 

Brooke House Burdett resjiecting liis entertainment as minister at Providence. 
He is autliorized to make overtures to some godl}^ persons now in- 
tending to return to New England, who lie hopes may be persuaded 
to accompany him. Wil. Jessop, the Company's Secretary, to be 
allowed iOl. per annum. As an encouragement to Mr. Lane it is 
agreed to recommend to the General Court to admit him a Councillor 
in Providence, and that 201. he lent to him. Several orders con- 
cerning the hire of Mr. Woodcock's ship, and raismg a supply for 
transporting 20 pa.ssengers to Providence. Mr. Woodcock's propo- 
sition to send over a midwife approved, and a loan of 4?. promised to 
fit her for the voyage. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 193-96.] 

Feb. 22. Minutes as above. The Sec. directed to prepare answers to letters 

Brooke House, received from Providence, llesolved to borrow 200?.. for the next 
voyage. Supply of ordnance desired by the Governor of Associa- 
tion to be respited. The proposition for Mr. Lane to be of the 
Council of Providence is debated, and several considerations sub- 
mitted by the Treasui-er, [John Pym] answered, but the Treasurer 
refused to give his opinion, conceiving that the Committee was not 
fully enabled to determine the question. Proposal of Mr. Darley 
for putting out servants to learn divei-s trades for the use of the 
Company approved, and 20?. ordered to be disbursed for placing 
out able strong boys. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 196-98.] 

[Feb.] 49. Petition of Sam^iel Vsissall to the Lords Commissioners for 

Foreign Plantations. Was committed prisoner to the Fleet on the 
4th Feb., where he has since remained, for not attending their Lord- 
ships in the difl'erences between himself and Edward Kingswell, 
which the petitioner explains was his mistake. Is confident of the 
ju.stice of his cause and that he shall be able to prove how untruly 
his adversary clamours against him. Prays for his enlar-gement. 
[The following papers relate to this controversy. See also King.^ivell's 
petition, Sept. 1034, ante, p. 190, Xo. 29 ; and Sir Henry Marten's 
Reports, p. 194, No. 38, and 11 May 1035, p. 207.] 

49. I. Ord'T of the Privy Couneil ; referring a hill of losses 
a ml fint nji s alleged to have been sustained by Edward 
Kiiig^ir, U fJirough SaTuuel Vassall and, Peter Andrevjs, 
to Edimrd Xicholas and, Sir Abraham Daivcs for their 
report. Whitrhall, 1G35, March 10. 

49. II. Report in the handivriting of Ed. Xicholas, of the losses 
and charges sustained by Kingsivell arising out of the 
transportation of 40 persons to Carolina, as well for 
goods and provisions as for necessaries provided for them 
in Virginia, the lohole amounting to 2,7^01. 13s. 1635, 
./Ipri? 7. [Rough draft.'] 

49. III. Mem. that upon complaint of Ediv. Kingsivell, Samuel 
Vassall and Peter Andreivs v)ere ord^ered to pay 
611?. l.s. 4(7. upon the report of Mr. Xicholas and Sir 
Abrah. Dawes, for losses and damages sustained by 



Vol. VHL 

Kingswell through not performing their contract for tli a 
transportation of himself, his lady and family, to 
49. IV. Order of the Privy Council vpon a 'petition of Sariivl 
Vassall, complaining of the preceding report that the 
jyetitioner and Andre^vs are directed to pay 61H. Is. id. 
to Kingsivell, although the servants and goods transported, 
to Virginia were for his oivn use and he received at Icaht 
•iibOl. for them, and praying for a new reference of the 
cause; directing Vassall to de])osit the above sum of 
611?. Is. 4(i. with Sir Abrah. Dawes, from xchom and Ed,. 
Nicholas a further rejMrt is required, upon which Vasmll 
and Andrews may be set at libeiiy. Whitehall, 1635, 
Dec. 23. {Rough draft^^ 

49. V. Kingswell to Nicholas. Has been ill ever since his un- 
happy conjunction with Vas.sall, to whose objections he 
replies. Refers for consideration the residue of his bill 
of damages, amounting to above 2,000Z. Is not able to 
attend hi^n and Sir Abrah. Da ives in person. Requests 
the further hearing cf the cause to be adjourned. 163G, 
Jan. 7. 

49. vi. Report in the handwriting of Nicholas, upon the excep- 
tions made by Vassall to the several articles in the pre 
vious repoH \of 7 April 1 635, 49. ii.]. Whether the Lords of 
the Council will rest satisfied tvith the former order of the 
Commissioners for 25?«"^a^'^o«s or accep>t the offer of 
Vassall for a speedy andjinal ending of the controversy. 
1636, Jan. 8. 

49. VII. Ansiver of Sam.uel Vassall to the pretensions of Edward 
Kingswell. Whether there %cas any breach of covenant 
on VassalVs part, and whether Kingswell sustaineil 
damage for ivant of a pinnace to follow him to Virginia, 
promised by Vassall and Andreivs. Vasscdl previous y 
sent a jnnnace cd his own charge to discover the coast of 
Florida. KingswiU u-as informed that tlierc v(is nut stif- 
ficient luater, upon all the coast, for the Mn ^ijjon; ,■, tr/,!rl, 
was to have tnni^/ioiir.l Jn'm. Another .<A//- ir,is /.rn/j', ,r<l 
for the vm,a<ic ,r},;,'h Kiixisvrll refus.d. ,nid if „■„,. ]',! /us 
owndrsir. fl„,l; „ In Vn-.n ,n,, in thr M.nitlon-cr, 
to winter there. Kiio/snxU ,.rr, in.) no .lonnigefor'nuint of 
the jnnnace. A ship was sent in the spring to transport 
Kingswell and his company to Florida. Mr. Wingate, 
Kingsu'cll's paiiner, ^vife and family, came from Virginia 
in March [1634]. Kingswell' s reasons for returning in 
June. Vassall' s shij) arrived in Virginia in Jidy and 
would have transported Kingsivell had he been there. 
Kingswell's affidavits ought not to be taken ; his hasty re- 
turn from Virginia the cause not only of his o^un damage, 
but of far greater amount to Vassall. 1636, Jan. 


1635. VoL.VIIL 

49. VIII. Offer of Vassall to bring the dlferenccs betvren Jiim 
and Kingswell to a trial at law tlie next term, the verdict 
to be consented to by both and the damages assessed ordered, 
by the Privy Council, to be paid by them accordingly. 
1636, Jan. 15. 
49. IX. Vassall to Nicholas. Understands there is a nevj v)arrant 
for his commitment to the Gatehouse ; knows not ivhat 
offence he ha.-^ rmrn,iHf<-<l . hut flunl:.^ fhr I'rir,, Council 
havehad somr misi ,,f,,rtH<if!"ii ,- l,.i.^sr,il liis iriif luloww 
the truth; intr,,if.< /n'sfn;,nr u-ith thy I,nr<ls. l(;;j'(i, .],nu 21. 
March 2. Minutes of a Committee for Proxadence Island. Patent for the 
Brooke House, trade at Cape Gratia de Dies read, and Mr. St. John desired to 
show it to the Attorney [General]. Agreement for necessary dis- 
bursements for the next voyage. Wages due to Mr. Sherliard ordered 
to be paid to his " intended wife " for her better encouragement to 
undertake the voyage. Isaac Barton is entertained in the Com- 
pany's service, about their stores and debts in the i.sland. [^Colonial 
Entry Bh., Vol. III., pp. 198-99.] 
[March.] 50. Digest of an Ecclesia.stical Government for the Chirrch of New 
England. Four degrees of clergy to be called Ministers, Doctors, 
Elders, and Deacons. Mode of election. Duties of each, except the 
Doctors, not yet decided upon. Also of a President for convocation. 
Process of excommunication. Latin. Endor.sed, "The Canons and Con- 
stitutions of the Church of New England, received March 3, 163i-5." 

March 5. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Lslaud. Answer received 
Brooke House, from Mr. Burdett that he could not promise to go this voyage to 
Providence. Contract with Mr. Woodcock again confirmed. Sir 
Nath. Rich, agrees to contribute 201. towards the charges. Notice 
received that the William and Anne had been wrecked at Belle- 
isle upon the coast of Brittany, and a meeting fixed to advise 
what should be done. Isaac Barton to have six servants to go with 
him to the island. Hopes of Mr. Pruden, a minister, consenting to 
go over. List of the passengers, estimated at 37, including servants. 
[Colonial Entry Bl:, Vol. HI., irp. J 99-201.] 

March 9. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Wreck of the William 
Brooke House, and A nn e at Belle-isle ; 100 tons of braziletta and -lO tons of tobacco 
saved. Divers planters lately inhabiting Association left at the 
island of Gratiosa, amongst them Anth. Roberts, the Company's 
agent. Letter to be written to the Governor of Belle-isle, that none 
of the goods be disposed of without the Company's consent. Con- 
cerning the proposition to appoint Mr. Lane of the Council in 
Providence ; Mr. Treasurer states his objections, but Mr. Lane is 
declared to be legally elected by the major part of the Committee. 
Mr. Treasurer's reasons for consenting to Mr. Lane's election. Four 
servants to be sent by the next .ship to Mr. Sherhard, and hi« 
allowance, of 50L per annum for his ministerial functions while he 
remains in the island, resolved to be continued. Isaac Barton 
refuses an offer of the Sheriff's place in Providence. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol.. III., pp. 201-4.] 


i^o- Vol. YIIL 

March 12. IMiiiutes of a (''curt for Providence Island. Concerning the goods 
Brooke House, from the William and Anne at Belle-isle. Agreement with Isaac 
Barton to serve as Sherifl' in the island. Debate upon a motion of Sir 
Nath. Ilich, concerning the admi.s.sion of the whole of the adventurers 
to Providence to the l»enefit of trade at the main. Rich. Bolter, 
a millwright, is entrt-tained to go by the next ship to Providence. 
[CuloniatEninj Bk., Vvl. 1 11., pp. 204-G.] 

March 13. ^Minutes of a Committee for Association Island. Letters read 
concerning the wreck of the AVilliam and Anne. Resolved to 
di.spidch an agent into France to take possession of goods from the 
wreck: [RobtJ Wa^hborne proposed for that service. [Culuulal 
Enirii Bk., Vvl. II I., pp. 20U-7.] 

March 1 G. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Orders concerning 
the conjunction of the trade at the main, with tlie plantation in 
Providence. These only to receive benefit from that trade who 
C(intriliute to the supplies of adventure. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., p>. 20S.] 

March 17. 51. Minute of Committee of Foreign Plantations. Captain North 
^\■bItellaII. to have his patent again [see ante, p. 79, No. 8], upon condition that 
he and the Company submit to ecclesiastical and civil government, for 
which no provision has yet been made in the patent ; and that they 
begin tiieir voyage by Midsummer next. A difierence in the Com- 
pany concerning money ; subscriptions entered into, but no money 

March 19. Minute of a Court [for Association Island]. Mr. Peny, newly 
Brooke House, come from thence, gives informa.tion that the island has been sur- 
prised by the Spaniards. Answer to be prepared to objections 
concerning the Company's care of its defence. Considerations for 
their justification. The truth of Perry's report c|uestionable ; such 
good gTOunds to believe tlie are again settled there, that 
that it is shortly intended to send a ship thither. Overture to Mr. 
Evartsen, the Dutchman, to settle at Providence. Inc^uiry of Hugh 
AVentworth to be made, concerning a complaint from the Company's 
tenant, of the ill quality of the land in the Somers Islands. {Colo- 
nial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 208-10.] 

March 21. 52. Sir Ferd. Gorges to Sec. Windebank. Perceives that it is the 
King's pleasure to assign him Governor of New England, and de.sires 
expedition to be used in repealing the patents of those already 
planted in Massachusetts Bay. Hopes as soon as the Grand 
Patent is surrendered that the King will make some declaration of 
his ])leasure; that directions will be given to such as transport any 
number to those parts to have recourse to tlie Governor where to 
settle themselves ; that a commission will be granted respecting 
his government; and that certain clauses may be inserted in their 

March 23. Minutes of a Committee [for Providence Island [ AVil. Thorpe, 
Brooke House, fornirrlv Lieut, of the King's Fort in the Somers Islands, is 


1035. Voi..Vm. 

promised employment in tlie island suitable to his breeding. Robt. 
Wasliborne to have 201. towards his charges of employment in 
France. Mr. Perry's relation concerning the surprisal of Tortu^a 
taken into consideration ; a plot between him and Capt. Wormeley 
suspected. Commission to Capt. Hilton for government of the 
island agreed on. [Colonial Entry Blc, Vol. III., pp. 210-11.] 

April 2. Mi]iutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Edwards is 
Brooke House, entertained in the Company's service. Loan of il. to Lieut. Thorpe 
to furnish himself for the voyage. Capt. John Hilton not being in 
England, upon whom the Company desires to settle the government 
of Association, it is resolved that Capt. Wormeley continue in the 
government until further order ; the heads of a letter and instructions 
agreed on. [Colonial Entry Blc, Vol. III., x>p. 211-12.] 

April 3. 53. Governor Harvey to See. Windebank, The preposterous 

From the Fort at haste of Sir John Zouch and Captain Button, to leave the colony, 

^n vShlla" li^'^s prevented him from writing at large. His next letters will 

show that faction and not zeal to the King's service has caused 

them to leave the chief of tlieir business behiud. Endorsed by 

WindehanJ:, " Rec. 9 June 1635." 

April 9. 54. Governor Harvey to Sec. Wiudeljank. Knows not any man 

Virginia. so fit for the Command of Point Comfort as Capt. Francis Hook, an 

old servant of King James. Eeque.5ts the King's approbation of his 

appointment. Endorsed by WindehanJc, "Rec. 5 June 1635, by 

Mr. Hawley." 

April? 55. List of the number of men, women, and children, inhabiting 

in the several counties within the colony of Virginia— total 4,914. 
Underwritten is a memorandum that since this list was brought in 
205 persons had anived in two sliips from Bermudas. Endorsed hy 
Windebank, "Rec. 5 June 1635, by Mr. Hawley." 

April 10. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Mrs. Fdby 
Brooke House, gives an account of the surprise of Association. Capt. Wormeley, by 
reason of his cowardice and negligence in losing the island, is de- 
prived of his government and banished thence, and Mr. Woodcock 
undertakes to provide a fit person to succeed him. Thos. Higgins 
is entertained to go to Providence in the Expectation. Orders con- 
cerning Mrs. Filby's return to Association. Mr. Danvers licensed to 
return to Providence ; order for an account of his ]3lantation. The 
Council in Association to have orders to sequester the estate and 
debts of Capt. Hilton, to the use of his wife and children. [Colonial 
Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp. 212-13.] 

April 14. IMinutes of a Court for Providence Island. Mr. Woodcock pro- 
Ei-ooke House, poses Capt. Lea for the government of Association ; but on the motion 
of Sir Nath. Rich, it is resolved that a Council shall be appointed to 
govern the island, with a President, to be elected by themselves. 
The negroes to be taken to Providence to discharge Capt. Hilton's 
debts. Authority to suspend Capt. Wormeley, seize his goods and 

N 5 -1- 



1635. ^-•^'"^- 

secure his person, if fouad guilty. Proposal of a minister, who 
is also exercised in the practice of physic, to enter the Company's 
service. [Coloalal Entry Bh., Vol. III., p. 213.] 

April 17. ilinutes of a .Committee for Association Island. Capt. Nic. 
Warwick House. Rigkinuer is entertained Governor of the island ; heads of instruc- 
tions agreed on; encouragements promised if he remain. [Colonial 
EntryBk.,Vol.III.,p. 214.] 

April 18. Minutes as above. Proposals of Captain Riskinuer for two 
Brooke House, pieces of ordnance and ammunition, to he delivered to him at 
Association, with 30 muskets, and 20/. in commodities. [Colonial 
Entry Bh, Vol. III., 'p. 214.] 

April IS. Grant, by indenture, of the Council for New England to John 
Wollaston, goldsmith of London, of certain lauds, to be called the 
Province of New Hampshire. Cop>i. [Colonial Entry Bl:, Vol. 
iJX,2Jp. 123-2.3.] 

April IS. 

AprU 1 S. 

AprU 18. 
ord Gorges 

April 20. 

Abstract of the above. 
Minutes of the above. 

[Colonial Corresjj., 1620, Xov. 3.] 

Minutes of the Council for New England. Lord Gorges chosen 
President. [Colonial Corresp., 1631, Kov. 4, _^). 27.] 

The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Bell, Governor. 
Send some useful persons and supphes. Eeceived his letter of 
10 March 1634 in August last, with a full account by Mr. Lane of 
the success of their intended trade at Darien. Have ordered re- 
wards to those eight persons who accompianied Mr. Lane. Lament 
the "disunion of hearts and ends;" nothing more dangerous nor 
troublesome than such reports. Censm-e his conduct for unlawfully 
imprisoning the clerks of the stores, and coimtenancing Capt. Elfrith 
m that particular. Verdict in Mr. Jenks' action against Capt. 
Elfrith. Condemn Mr. Eishworth's behaviour concerning the ne- 
groes who ran away, as indiscreet (" arising, as it seems, from a 
gi-oundless opinion that Christians may not lawfidly keep such 
persons in a state of servitude, during their strangeness from Chris- 
tianity") and injurious to themselves. Mr. Lane returns, and has 
liberty to clioose ground in the island not ah-eadj^ possessed, for 
planting madder, indigo, or other commodities. Capt. Hook may 
reside upon Capt. Axe's plantation. Heavy charges against some 
of the Councillors. Forbear as yet to censure Mr. Eishworth. 
Desire that Trippett, the g-unner, will discover to him the true way of 
making " mecoachan ; " if he refuse, the Company forbid his depar- 
ture from the island. Tobacco. Timber from Henrietta. The peojile 
to be diligent in planting cotton, and particularly Camock's flax. 
If their exjiectations are realised, will quickly send a large supply ot 
men. Will write to Capt. Eudyerd to send his colours back, as 
" the island is left destitute." A good j-mith provided. Ai-e sorry 



that turtle should fail at the Mosquitos ; propose a remedy. The 
Indians to receive good usage and encouragement to trade. Not 
yet satisfied with his proposition for bringing Indian women to the 
island. If children of either sex may be had, would not have that 
opportunity neglected of their Christian education. Are glad that 
the Black Rock i.s finished. Have endeavoured to supply the lack 
of soldiers ; men experienced in the wars were sent by the Robert ; 
Lieut. Thorpe goes by this ship. The planters' discouragement. 
Supply of salt ; see no reason why it should not be made in the 
island. Wish to know what letters were committed to the care of 
Sam. Colson. Capt. Hilton's authority to dispose of goods. Are 
very desirous that Lawrence Peterson should stay in the island. 
Complaint of Mr. Hunt. Maintenance of peace and friendly corre- 
spondence among the Council. Would have certain times appointed 
for public consultation. Inconvenience of too frequent meetings. 
Privacy in debate insisted upon. Directions to keep " a fair correspon- 
dency " with the Council ; to concur in all their resolutions, except 
where he has warrant to determine alone. " For the word absolute 
power, we do utterly dislike the language, and therefore would not 
have it once named." All respect of persons to be avoided. The 
Secretary to enter all causes tried by jurj'. Direction-s for prevention 
of error.?, wilful or accidental. Mr. Lane to be admitted of the 
Council, and Lieut. Price to have liberty to come home. Paget's 
relations concerning Dureren [Darien ?] ; Ibrbear as yet to prosecute 
that design any fiu-ther. Forbid masters letting out for private 
benefit, servants consigned to them by the Company. Supply of 
Capt. Camock's company. Freight and dispatch home of com- 
modities procured upon the main ; and the disposal of those in 
Providence, " the price whereof we desire to improve to the utmost." 
Isaac Barton appointed Sheriff in the room of Sam. Symonds. 
Will. Wyatt's complaint. Approve of the choice of Capt Rous to 
be Captain of the leeward side of tlie island. Wil. Thorpe to be 
Lieutenant of Warwick Fort, if Lieut. Price leave Providence. 
Trippett's comjihiint concerning his excommunication. Disapprove 
of Ant. Rous' conduct with Langton ; but " because of the different 
quality of the persons," Rous' tine is moderated. Had due watches 
been carefully provided, the surprise of Ass(>ciation might have been 
prevented. Disposal of negroes from Association. Mr. Danvers to 
have his jDlantation, servants, &c. The Governor to show his public 
instructions and letters to the Councillors when recpiested. Wild 
cotton to be sent home. Capt Riskinner goes Governor of Asso- 
ciation ; shovild that island be deserted by the English, Gov. Bell is 
directed to give him kind usage and entertainment. If Capt. 
Christ. Wormeley arrive at the i.sland fi-om Association, a \ery 
strict eye is to be kept upon him, and he is to be sent home by this 
ship for having " given us some cause of distaste." [Colonial Entry 
Bk, Vol. IV., pp. 75-9.] 

April 20. Commis.sion fi-om the Company of Providence Lsland, appointino- 
Warwick Capt. Sussex Camock, Governor of all agents, fivctors, and other 
^'""*' servants employed in the trade at Cape Gratia de Dios. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 79.] 


1^,.,- Vol. VIII. 

April -iO. liistnu-tions from the Coin])any of Pnivid.-nee Island to C'onieliu.s 
IiilliiiU'iT. master of the Expectation, of London. To sail from .St. 
C'hi-isto|iher's direct to Association, " otherwise called Tortuf^'a," and 
a.Mtcitain whether it he in jiossession of the English. If so to attend 
Mr. Lane 1-i days, and from thence proceed to Providence. If the are not in possession, to find out what has become of them, 
and receive diiections from the Company's Commissioners concerning 
them. To consign the goods for Capt. Camock to him, by the first 
o]iportunity ; and if he cannot proviile a full freight, to supply 
himself at Providence. Being laden, to make all speed home. To 
forljid the seamen to truck for any commodities at the main. If 
Capt. Riskinner resolve to stay at Association, to leave two pieces 
of the ship's onhiance, with a few Imllets, f(jr better defence of the 
island. [Colonial Entrn M:, Vol. I V., p. SO] 

A]iril 21. Minutes of a Court for Association Island. Capt. Riskinner to be 
\;irwick .supplied with muskets, pistols, ordnance, and ammunition for defence 
of the island, and tools foi- building and planting there. [Colonial 
Eittnj Bl:, Vol. III., pp. 2U-L^.] 

April 22. (irant of tlie Council for New England to Capt. John Mason, of 
certain lands, to be called the province of New Hampshire, with an 
additional 10,000 acres in New England, to be called Jlasonia. 
[Colonial Enfnj Bl:, Vol. LIX..pp. 127-30.] 

April 22. Abstract of thr prc^/eding. [Colon/od Corrrsp.. 1G20, Kov. 3.] 

April 22. Coiuiteriiart of t!ic above, si'^ned and scaled bv Capt. John Mason. 
[Copy. Colojiiol Enlrii BL:, 'Vul. ]JX.. j.p. 131-35.] 

April 22. Abstract of the prcccling. [Coloiual Conrsp., 1G20, Kov. 3 ] 

April 22. oG. Crant of the Council for New England to William Lord 
Alexandei-, of all that jiart of the main land in New England from 
St. Croix, atljoining New Scotland, along the sea coast to Pemaquid, 
and so- up the river to the Kinebecpii [Kenebeck], to be henceforth 
called the county of Canada ; also the island of Matowack, or Long 
Island, to the west of Cape Cod, to be hereafter called the Isle of 
Sterling ; to be holden of the Council and their successors, pe?' 
Gladium Camitatus, that is to say, to find four able men, armed for 
war, to attend upon the Governor of New England for the public 
service, within foui-teen days after warning given. [Cojiy on 

April 22. :>7. Grant, by in.lcnt\ire, for the Council of New England to James 
Jilanpiis of Hamilton of certain lands in New England, to be hence- 
forth called the county of New Cambridge, with an additional 
10,000 acres, to be called [Ir/f l.hnij.-]. [Copi/.] 

April 2r>. .58. Declaration of the Council for New England, for resignation 
:arl of Carlisle's, if the great charter ; present. Lord Gorges, President ; Capt. Mason, 
WhT'd'r ll' Vice-President; Marquis of Hamilton, Earls of Arundel and Surrey, 
Southampton, Lindsey, Carlisle, Sterling; Lords Maltravers, Alex- 
ander ; Sirs Ferdinando Gorges, Kenelm Digby, Robert Mansell, 


iP„- Vol. VIIL 

Henry Spilman, James Bagg, and Mr. Montague. Have found, Lj- 
long experience, that tlieir endeavours to advance the plantation of 
New England have been attended witli frequent troubles and great 
charges ; that they have been deprived of near friends and faitlifid 
servants employed in that work ; assaulted with sharp litigious 
questions before the Privy Council by the Virginia Company, who 
complained to Parliament that their plantation was a grievance to 
the Commonwealth, and that they have been much disheartened by 
the loss of the -'most noble and principal props thereof," as the Duke 
of Lenox, Marquis of Hamilton, and many other "strong stays to 
this weak building ;" and also by the claims of the French Ambas- 
sador, taking advantage of the divisions of the sea coast, which have 
been satisfactorily answered. These crosses onl}' left a " carcass in a 
manner breathless," until some lands in Ma.ssachusetts Bay were 
granted to certain persons, who surreptitiously obtained a second 
grant of lands justly passed to Capt. Robt. Gorges and others long 
before. Capt. Gorges went in person Governor, settled a plantation 
in Massachusetts Bay, but, leaving it in charge of the servants of the 
Council of New England, they were thrust out by those intruders, 
who, unknown to the Council, obtained a confirmation of a grant of 
some 3,000 miles of the sea-coast. The first foundation was thus 
rent in pieces, and new laws, new conceits of matters of religion, 
and forms of ecclesiastical and temporal government framed. Tliose 
who did not approve were whipped, their houses burnt, or otherwise 
punished. Receiving complaints which the Council for New 
England had no means to redress, the people petitioned the King, 
but the Council easily made it appear that they had no share in the 
evils committed. The Privy Council finding matters so desperate, 
saw a nece.ssity for the King to take the whole business into his 
own hands, and they finding it too great a task to rectify what had 
been brought to ruin, resolved to surrender their patent, with 
reservation of their lawful rights. Pray that particular grants of 
the ))roportions of land they have mutually agreed on may be 
passi'd to them, tliat having a settled government, tliey may cheer- 
fully jiroceed in planting the several provinces. Have tiiought fit to 
publish to posterity these reasons and necessities for resigi:iation of 
their patent. 

April 2o. Another copy of the })rcceding. [('i)Ioni<iI C'orrcsp., IGo] Xov 4 
2)p. 27-32.] 

April 2.') ? Petition of Edward Lord Gorges, President of the Council for New 
England, in the name of him.self and others of the Council to the 
King. Are about to join in a voluntary surrender of the grand 
])atent of their Corporation to His Majesty. Prays that Mr. Attorney 
General may be ordered to prepare patents for confirmation of land 
formerly allotted to them by mutual consent, to be held imme- 
diately of the King, with reservation of the rights of every one 
lawfully planted on such lands. [Ci'pi/, on same sheet as Xo. 58. 
"Presented to the King I May lG3o."] 

April 25 ? 59. Another copy of the preceding, M-ith sliglit alterations. 


Vol. YIII. 


A])ril 26. Minutes of the Council for New England Draught of the pre- 
aii of Carlisle'sceding jietition to the King is read and approved ; also His Majesty's 
AVhkeliall*. declaration concerning the estalilishineut of a general government in 
New England, a province to be allotted to the Governor, and con- 
tril)utions from the plantations, the Great Seal to be delivered to 
Sir Ferd. Gorges. Directions for succession in the government. 
[Coloniul C'or/Y'.s;^-., KjSl, Nov. ^, pp. 23-26.] 

May 2. Minutes of a Cuurt for Providence Island. Concerning the 

ii-ouke House, govenunent of tlie island. Sir Gilbert Gerrard desired to request the 
Earl (jf Warwick's order for payment of a good sum of money 
which he owes to the Company. A meeting fixeil for Monday next, 
the members then ab.sent to be fined 20s. [Culon'ud Entry Bk., 
Vol. [II., p. 21,3.] 

JNfay 4. Minutes as above. Mr. Treasurer's propo.sitiou, to be discharged 

iiooke House, -with credit and without Joss, from the office he had held from the 

first incorporation of the Company, to be considered ; fvlso proposals 

for clearing off debts owing by the Company. {Colonial Entry Bl:, 

Vol. III., p. 210.] 

}iLay 5. Minutes of the late Council for New England. Acknowledgment 

1,111(1 Gorges' to be made before a Master in Chancery of deeds containing their 
""**'^' several grants of land and an enrolment of the same before the 
surrender of the grand patent. The King to be moved for confirma- 
tion of their deeds when the surrender is made. Thos. Morton to 
be solicitor and prosecute a suit for repealing the patent of the 
Massachusetts Company. [Colonial Corresp)-, 1631, Nov. 4, p. 36.] 

May? 60. Report of Francis Earl of Bedford and Heniy Earl of Dover to 

the King. Concerning Captain Bamfield's demands against the 
Guiana Company ; he is willing to accept 300^., in addition to the 
1 98/. 1 Os. 4(/. formerly allowed by the Committee for exjjenses and 
loss of time. AinicxeJ, 

GO. I. ^l/(.s'/'V7' ()/ the Guiana Comjiany concerning Captain 
Bamjii-hr.s business. Cannot find any suffLcicnt cause to 
liicrca.-;,' tlieir foriio'r <(lUnvance to him of 1981. 10s. 3d 
!.^■M■J, l,nf ill ri'sjicrt of the King's reference, they have as- 
sii/iicl him 100/. out of the first money from certain 
arrears of adventure. 1635, May G. 

]\Iay 7. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Tlie Earl of Holland 

iiooke Jlouse. clioseii Governor ; Sir Nath. Rich, Deputy ; John Pym, Treasurer ; 

j\Ir. Woodcock, Husband ; and W. Jessop, Sec. of the Company. 

Counuittee appointed to examine the state of the Company's debts. 

[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. Ill, pp. 217-18.] 

May IJ. Minutes as above. The Company's debts to be paid out of " the 
irouke House, proceeds" before any dividend is made. Information given by Earth. 
Styles, lately a minister of Association, and by others left behind at 
Gratiosa, of Capts. Hilton and Wormeley's care of the Company's 
interest at Association. Money due to Earth. Styles to be paid. 
[Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp. 2US-20.] 


1635. VouVin. 

May n. Sir Henry Marten to the Privy Council. Second report upon 
petition of Edward Kingswell [see ante, p. 194, No. 38] concerning 
the victualling .and usage of passengers in the Mayflower on their 
voyage to Virginia, the endeavours of Vassall to take Kingswell 
from thence to Carolina, and the repair of the George which should 
have accompanied the Mayflowei-. Seven witnesses affirm the 
victuals to have been good and sufficient. Henry Taverner, master 
of the Thomas, was hired by Vassall to take 28 passengers, in case 
any should die in the Mayflowei-. They arrived at Virginia in July 
1634, but Kingswell had left for England in the preceding May. 
Orpheus Dunkin, master of the Henry, was likewise hired to go out 
in July last, but the voyage was deserted for the same reason. Three 
shipwrights depose to the sufficient repair of the George, which 
should have accompanied the Mayflower to Virginia. Submits how 
f;ir these witnesses " shall be considerable." [Colonial Corresp., 
1G34, Dec. 20.] 

May 13. Minute of a Committee for Providence Island. Letters received 

Brooke House, from Mr. Washborne, the Company's agent in France, concerning the 
aflfairs of the William and Anne, are answered. [Colonial Entry 
Bk, Vol. III., p. 220.] 

May 16. Minutes as aliove. Financial engagements of the Company, 
lirooke Iloase. Five pounds lent to Anth. Roberts, many years in the Company's 
service. [Culoaial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 220-21.] 

"May 17. CI. Ricliard Kemp, Secretary of Virginia, to the Lords Commis- 
Virginia. sioners for Plantations. Was appointed by the King, Secretary for 
Virginia in August last ; arrived iu December and sent the answer 
of the colony to His Majesty's letters to have the sole " peremption" 
of all their tobacco. The necessity of the times call upon him to 
give " a true and perfect relation of the late distempers here," caused 
by Capt. Martin, Francis Pott, and William English, the Sherifi' of 
York, gathering a multitude of people, about 27th April la,st, at the 
house of William Barrene, in York, the chief speaker, when " a 
writing " was read by Pott, subscribed by many from other parts of 
the country, complaining of a tax imposed by Governor Harvey, of 
the government of want of justice, and of the Governor that he would 
bring a second massacre among them. These men were apprehended 
and brought before the Council, wdien scenes of violence ensued, and 
Capt. Mathews informed the Governor that the fury of the people 
was up against him bej'ond their power to ap|:iease, unless he went 
to England to answer theii- complaints. About 40 musqueteers 
marched up to the Governor's house, and danger to his person was 
apprehended. Sir John Harvey then resolved to go for England, 
and signified certain conditions to the Council, to none of which 
would they yield, but he afterwards delivered his commission and 
instructions into Kemp's custody. Describes the danger of such a 
precedent for future insolencies. The writing was by Dr. Pott, 
" whom we find to lie the incendiary of tliese broils," and who has 
been sent into England and security tiiken from him to attend tlieir 


1G3-,. ^•-^^^'^- 

Lordships' coiiiinaiiils. ( "apt. Jciliu West is cliosen Governor until 
the King's ]>loasn re is known; hopes it will be liastened and these 
"miserable distraction-^ " si-ttlfd. 

May 22. fi2. Sec. "Windehank to Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia. 

Desires him to believe that 'he valnes him as a gentleman whose 
lair carriage to himself in particular, makes good to liim the reputa- 
tion he generally holds of a person of worth." Has received his 
letters concerning Capt Yong and Lieut. Evelin, the bearer. His 
furtherance of the King's service is very ])leasing to His Majesty, 
who expects the continuance of his care and assistance. 

May 22. 63. Sec. Windebank to Robt. Earl of Lindsey. The King expects 
that he will give every assistance to tiie bearer, Lieut. l\ol)t. Evelin, 
who is on his return in the Plain Joan, to Capt. Yung in America, 
upon " special and very important service." 

ilay 23. 04'. Capt. William Claybourne to [Sec. Coke?]. Laments the tu- 
Eiizut)ttli City, mults and broils, wrongs and oppressions, which yearly increase the 
[Virginia.] infelicities of the colony. It seems to him a wonder that Sir John 
Harvey could not gain power to re-establish himself, but all men 
forsook him. Advises for the future, as little innovation as the 
nature of afl'airs will bear. All his rights have been trampled upon, 
and the King's express commands, under the protection of which he 
deemed himself so .safe, have been contemned ; and so he has peri.shed 
by security. Licloses " testimony of the misfortunes that swallow 
us." Annexed, 

64. I. Brcviiif ,,f Ccpt. Cho/Iiounies prfUlon to ihe King, in 
refercurt,, the Jis/mtr.,- mUk Lor.' Baltluiore amceruing 
the juris.Hrtlo,! <,fthr Ish: „f Kent, from the Kiiufs com- 
misHion of 16 J/c(// 1G3L 'His 2Lijrsti/'s letters of 8 Oct. 
1634 [see aide, p. ioi, Ku. 33], have been slighted and the 
settlers on the isla)al brought to extreme vxint. Tlie 'peti- 
tioner has been unjustly accused of many crimes and an 
endeavour made to remove him. 

May 25. 6-5. Capt. Sam. Mathews to Sir John Wolstenholme. Has pre- 
Ncwport News, sented him with divers pa.ssages concerning their late Governor 

[Virginia.] Harvey b}' the hands of Sir John Zouch. Describes the infinite 
number of injuries done to the people by Sir John Harvey ; the 
grounds of their grief and their i-easons for begging some speedy 
redress. Wrongs done by the Governor to the colony in detaining 
and not communicating to the Council, the King's letter concerning 
a contract ; his usurpation of power in all cause.s, without any respect 
to the votes of the Council ; shutting out the Marylanders from 
every place of trade for corn, which increased the wants of Virginia, 
2,000 persons having aixived in the colony this year ; making a 
dangerous peace with the Indians against the advice of the Council 
and country, and violent conduct and proceedings at the Council 
table. The Secretary had been requested to take charge of the 
Governor's commission and instructions, and by Governor Harvey's 
desire a sufficient guanl for the safety of his person was appointed. 


,P„. Vol. VIIL 

It Las been thonglit fit that the general ginevances only of the people 
should be pi'esenteil to the Lords Commissioners fur Plantations, 
omitting particular complaints. Capt. John West, an ancient in- 
habitant and brother to Lord De hi Warr, some time Governor of 
Virginia, has been elected Governor. Capt. Claybourne had applied 
two days since for redre,s3 against the oppressions of the Marylanders, 
wlio had slain tln-ee and hurt other inhabitants of the Isle of Kent. 
Does not believe tliey would have committed such outrages without 
Harvey's instigation. Concludes with " an assured hope that St. 
John Harvey's return [to England] will be acceptaljje to God, not 
displeasing to His Maj'y, and an assured hapjiiuess into this 

June 5. Minute of a Court for Providence Island. The number assembled 

Brooke House, beiug small, and the business to be debated of great importance, the 

Court adjourned until Monday next. [Colonial Entry Bl:, Vol. 


June 7. 66. Tlie act of surrender of the Great Charter of New England 

to the King. 

[June 7.] Another copy of tlie preceding, [(yolonlal Corresp., Uiol, Nov. 4, 
2)p. 33-36.] 

June 8. Minutes of a Ciiurt fir Providence I.-land. The Treasurer's account 

Warwick House, allowed, and ordered to be audited. Payment to be made to the 

Secretary for a parcel of tobacco consigned to him by Lieut. Price. 

Financial submitted by the Treasurer. [Colonial Entrij 

Bl:, Vol. III., pp. 222-23.] 

June II. Grant of Jolm Wullastoa, citizen and goldsmith of London, in 
performance of the trust reposed in liim, confirming to Caiit. Jolm 
Mason certain lands to be called the Province of New Hanipshiie. 
See ante, 18 April, p. 202. [Coloulal Entry BL, Vol. LlX..pp. 

June 11. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Management of the 

Brooke House. Company's aft'airs. Committee appointed for financial business. 

Letter ordered to be written to the master of the Robert, and left at 

Michrel's Mount, with directions to make London his port. The 

Treasurer's accounts. [Colonial Entry Bk.. Vol. III., pp. 22I-2-'').] 

June 12. 07. Oflicers of the Custom lions,' to the Privy Council. Send 
Southampton, list of passengers wlio took siiippiiig at Southamiiton for New Eng- 
land in Ajjril last. Enrlos,\ 

67. I. List of ai pas^etajers, besides women a n.d female children, 
v:ho left Southampton for Neiv England about 6 April 
1635, in the James of London, of 300 tons, William 
Cooper, master. 

June 20. Minutes of a Meeting for AssoL-iati(in Island. Earth. Styles, late 
Brooke House, niinister there, desires the Comimny to approve his assiginueiit of 


163.3. ^«-™- 

property in the William and Anne to Galx Barber. News brought 
that tlie llohert has arrrived. [Colonial Entnj Bk., Vol. III., 
p. 225.] 

June 22. 68. Capt. John Mason to Robert Smith. The King having 
signified to the Lords Commissioners for Plantations, that Mason 
should l)e Vice-Admiral of New England, Capt.Mason requests that 
he will get a book drawn for the otttce, and send it to him at Ports- 
mouth, that he maj' see it before it is engrossed. Incloses, 

68. I. Note of the jurisdiction of the Admiralty of New England 
which ought to extend from, 40 to 48 degrees of North 
latitude and to com2:>rise the South Seas where lyeth 
California and Nova Albion. [See p. 214, No. 80.] 

June 2.3. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Complaint of 

Ihidkc House. Jcihn Edwin, purser of the Robert, against certain seamen for 
beating him, to which they were encouraged by Spencer the master, 
deferred for further witnesses. Account to be taken of all goods 
landed from the Robert and placed in the Company's storehouse. 
[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., p. 226.] 

June 24. Minutes as above. Mr. Hooke applies for payment of certain 
Brookf House, money. He accuses Mr. Sherhard with neghgence of his duty, and 
'• with debility of memory, whereby he wa.s made unfit for the 
ministry ;" declares also the origin of his difi'erence with Mr. Sher- 
hard, and the occasion of his excommunication. [Colonial Entry 
BL, Vol III., 'Pp. 226-27.] 

June 26. Minutes as aliove. Order upon Lieut. Price's request for dis- 

Biooke House, charge of two bills. His transportation remitted in consideration 
of his length of service, and he is allowed to make the best price he 
can of the cotton lie had brought over. Mr. Key, the minister, 
desires satisfaction for his time spent in the Company's service. The 
Secretary ordered to write to Mr. Ashman, to stay planters' goods 
coming from Association. Thos. Hunt to have the tobacco and 
cotton now sent, the proceeds of his plantation, after paying duties, 
freight, &c. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp. 227-28.] 

June 27. Minutes as above. Capt. Camock acquaints the Company with 

Brooke House, the "defensibleness" of Henrietta ; that it is very strong, and has a 

convenient harbour. " A fellow" hitely come from Association, who 

I'eported the state of that island, rewarded with 6s. [Colonial 

Entry BL, Vol. III., p. 228.] 

June 2f). Mmute as above. Bond sealed for l.GUO/. for i)ayment of 82H. 
Brooke House, on 1st Nov. next, in pursuance of an or<ler of 8th June last. 
[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 228-29.] 

July 1. Minutes as above. John Brighara acquaints the Company that 

Brooke House. 1,^ offered Capt. Bell 2,000 weight of tobacco for a year's employment 

of 20 servants, but was refused. Mat. Grover, who came luinie in 

the Robert, and was formerly employed at Dureren [Darien] with 


1635. ^'^^- '^'"^• 

Mr. Lane, is allowed his transpoi-tation. Allowances to the wife of 
Sam. Bennett, a gunner in Fort Henry. Request of Fras. Grissell, 
to remit his transportation, refused. Various payments directed to 
be made. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 229-30.] 

July 2. G9. Order of the Privy Council concerning the dissensions in 

WUtehall. Virginia, the complaints of Sir John Harvey, and the injuries done 
by Lord Baltimore to Capt. Claybourne anil others ; directing the 
Attorney General to examine the parties on both sides, to whom 
Governor Harvey's letters and other writings on the sulject are to 
be delivered for his report. 

Jidy 2. 70. Minutes in Sec. Windebank's hand, for settling the govern- 

ment of Virginia. To be in the King's immediate power, and 
managed by a Council, to continue during pleasure ; the Council to 
" give instructions to the plantation," and judge of all controversies, 
with appeal to the King and Privy Council ; to order forts and 
plantations, and make laws. The ancient territories to be granted 
to the people ; foreigners to be removed and pensions allowed. 
Subscribed by L. Dor[chester ?], Dauby, and others, who are said to 
have no land there. 

July 7. Henry Vane to his father Sir Henry Vane, Comptroller of the 

Charing Cross. King's household. Has newly come back from speaking with Mr. 
Cradock concerning his intended journey, and thinks it his duty 
to communicate what seems most convenient to be done. For safety 
of passage, most necessary to lay hold of the present occasion of the 
ships now in the river, for his transportation to New England. 
Mr. Cradock hopes to gain him ten days to prepare himself, tliougli 
the ships look every day to be gone, and has offered him all the 
accommodation he can desire. Begs that his pass may be dispatched, 
with an assurance that his father has resolved upon this place for 
him to go to, so that he may eflectually prepare himself with aU 
things suitable. Requests his father to believe, though, as the case 
stands, he is judged a most unworthy son, that however jealous his 
father may be of circumventions and plots entertained and practised 
by him, yet he will never do anything that he may not justify or 
be content to sutler for. Is sure, as there is truth in God, that his 
innocence and integrity will be cleared to his father before he dies. 
Protests his father's jealousy of him would break his heart, but as 
he submits all other things to his good God, so does he his honesty. 
The intention of his heart is sincere, and hence ilows the sweet peace 
he enjoys amidst his many heavy trials. [Lumestio Corresp. 
Car. /.] 

July 8. ^Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Payments to 

■ VVarwick Lieut. Price, on behalf of Evan Jenkins, deceased, one of the eight 
°^^' persons employed with Mr. Lane at Darien ; and to Jos. Hineson, 
for wages as gunner in Warwick Fort. Warrant granted for 
delivery of goods sent home in the Robert, belonging to Capt. Elfrith 
and otiiers. Allowances to Stephen Bray and Randall luce. Com- 
pensation to be offered to Abrah. Chamberlayne to withdraw a ^uit in 


1635. ^'^'-^'"^- 

Chancery, concerning a parcel of wood. Tobacco, cotton, and other 
goods now brought home, to be sold to the best advantage. Pay- 
ments to Forster, the surgeon, and Piich. Field, gunner. [Culon'utl 
Enfry BL, Vol. III., p^>. 230-82.] 

July 11. 71. Caiit.Jolin Mason to Edward Nicholas, Sec. to the Admiralty. 

roru'i.umth. Account of prizes taken; above 150 .sail of French brought into 
Dunkirk and otiier jjlaces. Begs him to move the Lords fur a 
warrant for his Vice- Admiralty in New England; hopes it will be 
as ample as the affairs of that country require. The English 
plantations already extend 300 miles, and contain about 13,000 
inhabitants ; six sail of ships at least, if not more, belonging to them. 
The .ships trading there exceed 40 sail. Is busy repairing Southsea 
Castle. Would fain be in readiness for the French against they 
become their enemies, " which will be very shortly, if my calendar 
be true." 

July 14. 72. John Martyn, Mayor of Plymouth, Robert Trelawny, and 
I'ljiiiouth. Jolin Clement, to the Privy Council. Arrival that morning of 
Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia, who gave information of a 
late mutiny and rebellion in the colony. Francis Pott having been 
charged as a principal author and actor, they have detained him 
prisoner. Send letters sealed up in a trunk, from the mutineers, 
in charge of Thos Harwood, and desire to know what .shall be done 
with Francis Pott. 

July 1 4. 73. Sir John Harvey to Sec. Windebank. Excuses his coming from 
Plymouth. Virginia without licence. Reasons for doing so. Left the a-ssembly 
composed of a rude, ignorant, and ill-conditioned people. Had 
issued v.-arrants for apprehending the chief mutineers, but instead 
of the Council intending any good, they laid violent hands upon 
him, chfirged him with treason for going about, as they said, to 
betray their forts into the hands of their enemies of ALir_yland, 
chose another Governor while he was yet resident in the country, 
and compelled him to come to England. Has used the Mayor of 
PlJ^nouth's authority "' to fixsten ujion two persons" who came with 
him in the ship, principal abettors in the mutiny, as also upon their 
letters. It is to be feared the mutineers intend no less than the 
subversion of Maryland. Capt. Fran. Hook told him that they 
sought out the Marjdand boats which were trading with the Indian.s, 
and assaulted them, and that there were slain and hurt on both sides. 
Will hasten up to render an account of liis trust. E)idursed by 
Windebank, " Rec. 17 at Oatlands." 

July. Minutes of business to be heard before the Privy Council That 

of Virginia between the Governor and the Council requires a speedy 
Settlement. [E.vt rod from Domestic Corresp. Car. I.] 

July? 74. Declaration of Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia, to 

tlie Lords Commissi(jners for Foreign Plantations, concerning the 
mutinous proceedings of the Council there and their confederates. 
Was appointed by the King, about seven years since, Governor, John 



\'oi,. ^Iir. 

West, Sam. MatliCAvs, John Utie, ^\'il!iaiii ClaylMvariie, Y\'illiani 
Ferrar, William Ferry, William Peirc-e, and George ^leiietie, and 
some others, all of the Council, Leing joined witli him in tlie 
government. Hearing of secret and unlawful meetings, held liy 
Mathews aboiit December last, he ordered William English, Ca]3t. 
Martin, and Francis Pott, to he appn-hended, and tlemanded the 
assistance of the Council to suppress those mutinous meetings ; Lut 
on 2Sth April, Mathews and others of the Council armed, and with 
about 50 musketeers, beset him in his own house, where, with 
Secretary Kemp, lie expected a meeting of the Council. John Utie 
struck him violently upon the shoulder, and said, " I arrest you for 
treason." Was told lie must prepare for England, that he must 
and should go to answer the complaints against him. John Pott 
Avas in connnand of the musketeers, and tlien ordered them to 
retire '' until there should be use of them." Guards were set in all 
directions, and he had no power to suppress this mutiny., 
Martin, and Pott were set at liberty, and a petition, laying many 
aspersions upon him, contrived by the Council in the name of the 
country, circulated by Fras. Pott, who, by fear and persuasion, 
obtained signatures, only those of Acomack refused to subscribe. 
U]ion ])retence of this petition an assembly was called on 7th May 
last, and proclamation made that complaints against him -w-onld lie 
heard. The Council then chose John West (Governor, wIki imme- 
diately assumed the government. Seeing them run into such 
dangerous courses, he commanded them to disperse the mutinous 
assembl}', but they suppre.s.';ed his letter, concealed it from the 
people, and contrived to share his house and estate amongst them. 
Motives from which he considei's all this proceeds. Sir John Wol- 
stenholmc having kept the country in expectation of a change of 
Governo)-, and of the renewing of a corporation ; the mutinous 
councils of Mathews, Utie, Peirce, and Claybourne, whose quarrels 
with him are set forth ; a grudge of John Pott for having been 
supcrscdcil in the government, and of his brother Francis for liaving 
been ilispLncd (_'apt. of tlie Fort at Point Comfort; and jealousies of 
Sir John Wolstenholme. Leaves the consideration to their Lordships, 
and prays for some timel_y remed}^ that the otlenders may be reduced 
to obedience, and receive condign punishment, and that the reputa- 
tion of him who has suffered so much may be repaired. 

July? 75. Petition of Henry Woodhouse to the King. About four 

3'ears past His Majesty promised the petitioner the place of Governor 
of Virginia, the settling of which plantation has been of such long 
continuance " that he starveth with the expectation." Piecites his 
former petition [i^ee ante, p. 185, No. 24], and prays for a warrant 
for diawing his coLimission. " whereby he shall avoid further 
troubling of His Majesty." Endorsed by Sec. Windebank. 

July. 7(). Petition of the adventurers of Southampton Hundred in 

Virginia to the Lords Comnii.ssioners for Plantations. Have ex- 
pended upwards of G.OOOL in planting that hundred, and have 
nothing left but a stock of cattle in the hands of Capt. Utie, here- 




tofore their officer ; many Laving heen killed, and others delivered 
without any order from the adventurers Pray that tliey may have 
order for delivery of their cattle in the hands of Cajit. Utie, mIio 
desires to be discharged, and for power to inquire how the rest have 
Leen disposed of 

Aug. ? 77. Memorial of Sir John Harvey. Tliat the ships now hound 

fur Virginia may be stayed until the Lords Commi.s.sioners f)r 
Plantations shall settle the government there. Reason.s. And that 
Thos. Harwood, now in London, and one of the late mutinnus 
assembly in Virginia, may be restrained of his liberty. 

Aug. 4. 7S. Similar memorial, somewhat shorter, but to the same effect as 

the preceding. 
Aug. ? 79. " Testimonies concerning Thos. Horwood's speeches at Exeter." 

Ant. Browne being in the house of one Ebbettson in Exeter, saw 
" Wliorewood or Harward," newly come from Virginia ; was informed 
that there was great contention there, that Capt. Harvey was dis- 
placed because he had done great injuries in that country, that 
Horwood was appointed by the country to carry letters to the King 
against him, and he will make great haste to be up before Sir John 
that he may make friends and the case good him. Harvey 
had so carried himself in Virginia, that if ever he returned he would 
be shot. Sif/iied by xinf. Browne. 
Sept. 18. G. Garrard to [Lord Conway]. Sir Henry Vane has as good as 

I'etwurth. lost Ills eldest sou, who is gone to New England for sake ; 
he likes not tlie discipline of the Church of England, none of our 
ministers will give him the sacrament .standing, and no persuasions 
of the IJishops nor authority of his parents will prevail with him ; 
" let him go." [Extract. Domestic Corresp. Car. /.] 

Sept. 2G. Wil. Gourney, Mayor of Dartmouth, to the Privy Council. Twcj 

JJartmuuth. ships from Newfoundland, with about GO seamen of the town, taken 
by Turkish pirates within three leagues of the Lizard. One of tlie 
vessels rescued by a Dutch man-of-war, and taken to HoHand ; tlie 
other burnt by the Tui'ks. Many Turkish men-of-war to the westward 
of Scilly ; great fears for the Newfoundland ships, unless the mis- 
chief likely to ensue is timely prevented. [Domestic Corresp. 
[Sept.] Minutes of letters to John White of Dorchester, with abstracts of 

their contents. The letters from Governor John Wintlirop of 
4 July 1G:32 [see ante, jx ] .34, 3"o. 63], are included in this list. 
[Domestic Corresp. Car. I.] 
Oct. 1. 80. Lords of the Admiralty to Sir Henry Marten, Judge of tlie 

Whiti-liuU. Admiralty. Require him to have a patent forthwitii drawn up for 
Capt. John Mason, Treasurer to the King's late armies, to be Vice- 
Admiral of New England, witli jurisdiction between 40 and 48 
degrees of North latitude, and to comprise tiie South Seas, Cali- 
fornia, and Nova Albion. 

Nov. 2. Examination of John Wliite, clerk, parson of St. Trinity in Dor- 

chester, taken by Sir John Lambe, Dean of the Arches Court of 


,„o- Vol. VIII. 


Canterbury. Concerning a letter written by him to Dr. Stunghton, 

and the distribution of certain money bequeathed by Mrs. Pitts. 

Acknowledges that a book of accounts and loose papers are in his 

handwriting, being notes of disbursements laid out by other men for 

New England, which money he repaid them back again. Another 

paper contains the purchase of the impropriation of the rectory of 

Seaton for the use of the ministers in Dorcliester. [D(jmestig 

Correnp. Car. I.] 

Nov. 1.3. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. State of the Cora- 
Brooke House, pany's debts ; schedule annexed. Concerning wood belonging to 
Capt. Roope, brought home in the Dainty of Dartmouth ; the 
planters' goods brought to France by the William and Anne ; and 
certain demands of Mrs. Hart. [Coloniol Eittn.i Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 2.32-33.] 

Nov. 17. Minutes as above. Divers accounts laid before the Committee, 
but respited. Mrs. Hart acquaints the Treasurer with her demands. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pjx 233-34.] 

Nov. 21. Minutes as above. Accounts for the voyage by the Robert. Pro- 
Brooke House, position for discharge of tlie Company's debts. The Treasurer 
empowered to .settle the demands of Mrs. Hart. John Hunt 
applies for some tobacco and cotton, the proceeds of his plantation. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 234-35.] 

Nov. 26. Minutes of the late Council for New England. The passing of 
•"^t . , particular patents to be expedited- A petition to the King to be 
Lord Sterlings. p,,ejj.^,.j,j^ praying tliat allowance may be made for the proper estate 
and maintenance of the Governor. The first grant to Rich. Vines 
to be renewed. The hawks brought over by Capt. Smart to be 
piesented to the King, and the Capt. to be recommended for his 
services. The Earl of Lindsey's request to have a portion of land 
allotted to him to be agreed to. [Colonial Corresp., 1631, JVuv. 4., 
pp. 37, 38.] 

Nov. 27. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Answer promised to 
Brooke House, a request of John Hunt for discharge of his debts to the stores. A 
standing Committee appointed to determine all business relating to 
the islands. [Col^mlal Entry BL, Vol. III., p. 236.] 

Nov. 28. Minutes as above. Resolution concerning John Hunt's request 
Brooke House, for remitting his debts to the stores. Mr. Key's demand for two 
year's and a quarter service. Request of Mr. Grissell for the trans- 
portation of himself and wife to be remitted. Wil. Stockdale pre.sents 
a particular of receipts by Capt. Caraock. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. Ill, pp. 236-37.] 
Dec. 7. Minutes of a Committee for Providcn<:-e Island. Proposition of 

Brooke House. Ant. Roberts for payment of 3.5/., to be recommended to the Com- 
pany. Opinion upon the state of Mrs. Hart's demands ; she accepts 
120/., which is ordered to be paid, and requests an allowance for 
her husband's services as hn.sband to the Company. It is replied that 
she had little cause to expect any r-eward, things not having been 



Vol. VIIL 

well husbanded by him. Demands for wages liy Forster's wife, 
for his services as sursceon in the Robert. Several bonds sealed and 
renewed. [Colonial Entry Bl:, Vol. III., 2^p. 237-39.] 

Dec. 11. Notes by Nicholas of a meeting of the Privy Council, at which 
■\V1 itjhull. the King presided. Tiie causes of Sir John Harvey's coming from 
Virginia are examined into and letter from the Council of Virginia 
of 1 (! May read. The King tliinks it necessary to send the Governor 
back, though to stay but a daj- ; if lie can clear him.self he shall remain 
longer than otherwise he Avould liavo done. An assumption of the 
regal power to send hither the Governor. Harve}' denies the general 
charge of not administering the oath of ahegiance to new planters, 
and of being a favourer of the Popish religion, and says there is 
no particular charge against liim. Denies the accusation of one 
Eabnet, of Maryland, that he .said it was lawful and meritorious to kill 
a heretic King, but api)rehended Rabnet, who afterwards proceeded 
against Harvey, by one Williams, a minister ; would not admit his 
testimony, because he had married two persons without a licence. 
Lord Baltimore's servants had slain three men at the entrance of 
Hudson's river, which goes to Maryland. Governor Harvey assumed 
the pov/cr to place and displace at the Council Board, and serpiestied 
Thos. Hinton, because of ill-words spoken ; Avell answered. Charges 
by Mr. White, a minister ; silenced. Denies having permitted the 
Dutch to trade without taking security to take the commodities 
into England, according to hi.s instructions. Struck Capt. Stevens, 
a Councillor, because of his ill language. Denies tliat ho counte- 
nances the [Popish] religion in Maryland, and that there is public 
mass there. A note is adde<l that Lord Cottington says he must 
make some order upon it. [E.ctvact from Nicholas Note Bl:, Dec. 
1GS.">, Domestic Codvsj-i. Car. /.] 

Dec. 21. 81. Declaration to the Earl of Holland, Governor, on behalf of 

the Company for Providence Island. Letters have been received 
from the Governor, Council, and other inhabitants there, which 
state that upon 24 July last a Spanish fleet attacked the island, 
but unable to land amongst the rocks, were, after five duj-s, beaten 
off, being much torn and battered by the ordnance from tlie forts. 
Tiie place is of extraordinary importance from its jwsitiou in the 
West Indian Seas, and interest in the trade of the richest part of 
America. There is a large liarbour, where 100 ships of good burden 
may ride. 30,000?. have been spent upon the plantation, which yields 
the King in customs 1,000?. per annum. Discouragements received 
and continued injuries committed by the Spaniards. They have pub- 
lished an intention of their King to .send greater forces to destroy 
the plantation, and the jtlanters are so alarmed that, unless relieved 
by May next, the}' threaten to desert the island. It is requested 
that some sudden resolution may be taken to encourage other 
adventurers to join the Company, and to "hearten" the planters for 
defence of the island. Endorsed by Kichdlas, "Fresented Sunday, 
27° Dec, to the King in Council by' the Earl of Holland." 

Dec. 2J. 82. Copy of the preceding. 


,™„. Vol. VIIL 


163,1? S3. Meninrial in tlie liaiiclwritiug of Secretary Sir Jolm Cke, 

concerning the Lsle of Providence. Situation, '■ nature," and pro- 
ductions of the ishxnd. About 500 able persons, and 80 or 10 
women, wlio have as j-et no commerce, but are endeavouring to trade 
with the Indians. A harbour, defended with three forts, whicli will 
contain three or four score vessels of 300 tons ; ships of a larger 
size cannot enter without hazard. About 13 or li fortilied places, 
of which good gunners arc tlie chief preservation. An enemy could 
only land in boats. All the planters are trained and armed. One 
thousand good men v.-ill defend the island against any force, but no 
other benefit, except from trade, must be expected. The planters 
discouraged because their adventurers fell off last year more than 
one half There were 1-S " whole sharers " and quarter sharers to 
make up 21. Every man costs near 30?. to send out. Arms and 
munitions have cost above 2,000?. More than 8,000?. will be 
required to supply the island, for 250 men at least must be sent 
over yearly. If maintained at the King's expense, the sum will be 
greater. The inhal>itants unable to maintain so great a charge, 
but others may be able to undertake it, and afford the King 10,000?. 
profit, whereas if taken by tlie Spaniards they will lose all, and can 
expect nothing but cruelty. The planters desire the King's speedy 
resolution, because they must either desert the island or receive su[)- 
plies before the spring. [R'Hiijh 'Iraft.] 

[Dec. 22.] 84. " Memorial for Virginia." [Lord Baltimore] requests that the 
King will be pleased to give orders that Capt. John West, Sam. 
Mathews, Jolm Utie, and Wil. Peirce, the prime actors in the late 
mutiny, be sent for into England, to answer their misdemeanors ; 
that the Attorney General draw out a new commission for Sir John 
Harvey to be Governor, with enlarged powers ; that Sec. Winde- 
bank prepare his instructions ; and that any petition touching 
Maryland may be examined in that country or else the King be 
moved to hear it. 

Dec. 24. Minutes of Committee for Providence Island. The Expecta- 

tion having arrived, a course is proposed to discharge tlie money 
payable upon her return. Mr. Woodcock projioses to set up families 
on his own account in the island, and to put off servants and com- 
modities for the planters' maintenance and defence, upon certain 
conditions. [Culoui,d Entrn Bk., Vol. Ill ,2\ 239.] 

Dec. ? 85. The names of such men as have been proved to be the chief 

heads and actors iu the late faction and mutiny in Virginia, and are 
to be sent for into England ; with reasons : Capt. John West " the 
usurper of the Government," Capts. John Utie, Sara Mathews, 
Wil. Peirce, and Mr. Geo. Menefie. Also reasons why Sir John 
Zouch should not be made one of the Council in Virginia, nor be 
permitted to return. 

Dec. 27. S(i. Order of the Privy Council upon a declaration to tlie Earl of 

Whitehall. Holland, Governor of the Company for Providence Island {srr an1i\ 

p. 216, Xo. 81]. The further consideration is referred to the Privy 


Council, until the treaty with Spain is duly weighed, the King 
giving licence to his subjects to defend themselves from assault, and 
to act on the offensive against any who attempt to hinder their 
tra.le. {Br, iff.] 

Dec. 27. 87. Copy of the preceding. 


Dee. !SS. Geo. Burdett to Arehliishop Laud. His voluntary exile is 

Saluiii, ex]ioscd to censure, hut the truth is, his jiractice was regidar and 
lew England. .j.i|,,,.j.j,j , ,1 ,^.,licnce ecclesiastical \e\-\ real. His judgment in the five 
articles was moderate, declai'ations correspondent, the knot of tiie 
controversy declined whatever malice did inform, or perjurj^ confirm 
to the contrary. Wished to impart this to rectify his Grace's judg- 
ment of him and his ways, and to stop the mouth of calumny. The 
ground of his secession was impetuous and malicious prosecution, 
" importable expense," the end tranquillity in distance, which, could 
he yet enjoy in his native country, it would exceedingly rejoice him. 
Prays his Grace to accept these lines from him who desires a favour- 
able answer. Endorsed hy Laud, " Ree. Feb. 22, 1635-6." 

16.35 ? 89. Reasons for the stay of Wil Gayner, an Irishman, and his 

associates, from ]u-oceeding in their voyage from Holland to the 
[River] Amazon and adjacent parts. The King granted 
countries to a company of noblemen and gentlemen of England, and 
they have been possessed by his subjects about sixteen years. 
The Council have thereupon stayed some English gentlemen who 
were going thence. These are in confederacy with Gaj-ner, who is 
likely to take the Dutch there, which would cause quan-el and 
bloodsheil between the two nations. Underiuriften is a note that 
Gayner lieth at one Clifton's, an English innkeeper in Flashing. 

90. Memorandum concerning the position and climate of Guiana. 
Attempted by Sir W. Raleigh, [Robt.] Harcourt, and others. 
Raleigh ruined by King James, who, by Gondomar, let the King of 
Spain know his whole de.;.ign before Raleigh was out of the 

1635 ? 91. Petition of Francis Pott, late Capt. of His Majesty's Fort in 

Virginia, now a close prisoner in the Fleet, to Sec. Windebank. 
L^pon complaint of Sir John Harvey, has stood committed since 
14 July last, wliereby he hath no means left to subsist upon and is 
weakened in iiealth. Prays for liberty to go abroad sometimes 
about his atJairs, with his keeper, returning to the Fleet at night. 

1635 ? 92. Petition of Francis Pntt, of America, prisoner in tlie 
Fleet, to the Privy Council. Was, by Sir John Harvey's accusation, 
cast into prison, by the iLayor of Plymouth, on 14 July last, all 
his letters taken from him, and afterwards sent close prisoner to 
the Fleet. Pravs for liberty until his Inisiness is heard, upon giving 
good bail, and that Sir John Harvey may be ordered to pay 50/., 
long since due to him. 


Vol. VIII. 

1635? 93. Petition of Henry Robinson, a prisoner in tlie Marslial.sea, 

to the King. Was convicted by tlie Judge of the Admiralty of 
piracy in June last, but reprieved from execution. Prays that 
he may be delivered to one James Place, an English planter in 
Virginia, who is bound thither. Sir Henry Marten has certified 
to the trutli of this petition, and that the King had expressed 
himself willing to grant a warrant for sending the petitioner to one 
of the plantations. Einlorsi'd hy ,SVr. Windc/xoik, " Robinson to be 
sent away u])on certiticate of Sir H. Marten." 

Vol. IX. 1633—1638. 

Jan. 22. 1. Sir David Kirke, Will. Berkeley, and John Kirke, to Sec. 

London. Coke Jas. Kirke having had conference with the Ambas- 
sador, concerning restitution from the French for wrongs committed 
in Canada, a letter from the King to the Ambassador is rerjuested, to 
prosecute their just demand, and in case of denial, letters of marque 
to right themselves. If Sec. Coke thinks they should not have the 
King's letters, it is desired that he will write on their behalf Aiv 
resolved to send away the bearer, so as not to lose the opportunity 
of restitution before the French ships sail for Canada next month. 
[On {^ Jan. Lord Ambas. Scudamore writes from Paris that a jieti- 
tion against De Caen for the I'anada lousiness had been delivered 
to the Council of State, who ^-ill report u[)on it at their first sitting. 
See Corresp. France.] 

Jan.? 2. Memorandum of a proposed instrument to be signed by the 

King for the Canada merchants. The grant of 11 May 1633 to be 
first recited. Then to be added that, restitution having been de- 
manded in France for wrongs done to British subjects, and answer 
returned that the Kings should not fall out for that cause, "let them 
right themselves and the strongest carry it," the King has thought 
fit to give power to his subjects for three years, " to surprise and 
take, &;c., &c., to eject, fcc, and after such taking to enjoy and 
possess, &c." The grant to pass no further tlian the Privy Signet, 
that it may not be so publicly known. [Bnift, I'ndorsed hy See. 
Coke, " Canada merchants."] 

Jan. ? 3. Relation by the Canada merchants concerning an agreement 

made with Sir Kenelm Digby and company, by virtue of their 
patent for sole trade to Canada, for a voyage to those parts. That 
Digby and his company have reserved to themselves 200 wt. of 
beavers, of the value of 200^., which were taken from Beverton's 
[Brewerton ?] widow, who was master of the ship [see ante, p. 12.S, 
No. i], and kiUed on the voyage, and are kept from the Canada 
merchants. [This document appears to have been, annexed to the 
precedlmj, and is si'milarly endoj-sed.] 


Jan. 2D. Mi;i\ite.s (if a. Court for Providence Lsland. The Trea.surer informs 

tlie ( '(inijiany tliat upon arrival of the P]xpectation, a declaration con- 
ceriiiiii,' the state of the island, was addressed to the Earl of Holland 
[.s(v II. 216 Ko. 81], who having acquainted the King therewith, 
li])erty was given to tlie Company to right themselves; and that 
Avhatever they should take in the West Indies >>y way of reprisal, 
should he adjudged lawful. The Sec. is directed to send letters to 
the absent adventurers, to give notice of the ship's arrival, of the 
necessity of a speedy supply, and of the encouragement received 
from the State. Tiie proportion of charge to pay off debts and to 
carry on the work is computed at 10, ()()()/. Several propositions are 
made as to whether the Company should carry on tlie jilantation 
liv thcmsclvrs, deliver it over to th"e State, or otherwise. [Ci'lonial 
Knlru Jik., Vnl. lll.,i>i>. -J.-JD-ll.J 

Ftdi. 1. Minutes as above. Lord Brooke oflers two ships nearly ready 

Erookc IK use. and able to carry 200 men for the (,'ompany's .service, and proposes 
to supjily the island with 200 men upon certain conditions. After 
conference witli Mr. Woodcock his proposition is withdrawn, and 
Lord Brooke resolves otherwise to dispose of his ships. Sir Ben. 
Rudyerd signifies liis purpose not to adventure any more. [Colonial 
Eutnj Bl:, Vol. 111., p. 242.] 

Feb. ."i. Minutes as above. Consi<leration of Mr. Key's petition for re- 

Biooke House, compence for his services, and charging the Company with shuffling; 
Lord Brooke desired to advise him to acknowledge the Company's 
lioimty and his own error. Mr. Treasurer re(|uested to set down 
some propositiona for carrying on the plantation ; unanimously 
declared that the work ought not to be deserted. Treaty with 
Lord Brooke and j\[r. Woodcock about hiring their sliips for 
rci rl.sal. [Colnulal Entr,/ BL:, Vol. 111., pp. 212-43.] 

Feb. S. Minutes as above. The Treasurer acquaints the Comjiany with 

Brooke House. Komi' propositions for carr3'ing on the b\ [of the ]ilantation |, 

but no resolutinn is passed. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 111., p. 243.] 

Feb. 1 1. ^Minutes as above. Note to be prepared against next meeting, of 

Brooke House, every man's proportion of tiie debt payable by the Company. A 
bond sealed. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., p. 244.J 

Feb. 12. Minutes as above. Mr. Key renews his request for relief but 

Brooke House, nothing is done. Uiion serious consideration of the late assault of 
the island b^' the Spaniards, and the planters' desire of a speedy 
supply, as also of the encouragement given by the State, which 
expects that something will be done, a proposition is made to every 
member of the Company to send 500 men within two years with 
ammunition and necessaries, the cost of which is estimated at 
10,0()0Z. In case tliat stock should not be underwritten. Lord Brooke 
proposes to undertake the whole business upon certain conditions. 
Debate upon Grissell's petition for remitting his transportation in 
the Robert. Communication received from Mr. White of Dor- 
chester upon the superiority of C'amock's flax to the ordinary 


16-36. ^''^^•^^- 

flax. Committee appointed to ascertain eveiy member's propor- 
tion of the Company's debt. Some of the adventurers decLire tiie 
sums they will underwrite for, in the new stock. It is proposed 
tliat the government of the ishind be put into the liands of a 
religious and able person ; Mr. Hunt recommended for that service ; 
and that tiie whole 10,000^. be suliscribed, to enable the Com- 
pany to transport 500 men. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 

Feb. 13. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island, hord Brooke undeitakes 

Urooke House, to supply the money not underwritten for, short of 10,000Z. for 
sending .500 men and ammunition to Providence. After serious de- 
liberatiim touching tlie present state of the plantations, it is ordered 
tliat tiie subscription of a new joint stock be oHered to every ad- 
venturer, who will enjoy certain privileges. Names of tliose who 
underwrite, and the amounts. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. Ill.,2>p. 

Feb. 15. Minutes as above. Concerning tlie hire of two sliips, and pay- 

Brooke House, ments to the new stock. Kequest of Mr. Woodcock to set clown 
men at Henrietta upon his own account, allowed, upon certain con- 
ditions. Two exemplifications of the patent for Providence planta- 
tion to be piocured, one for the Goverror there, the other to be kept 
on board ship. Petitions to the Ki g ordered to be drawn up for 
procuring a discharge from custon> and preventing otiiers from 
meddling with reprisals within the bounds of tlie Company's patent. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., -pp. 249-50.] 

[Feb.] i. Sir John Harvey's reasons for desiring to have one of the King's 

ships to transport him to Virginia. The Governors have always 
had 500/. allowed for their ti-ansport, but he will free His Majesty of 
that charge ; it will be an honour to the King's Governor and will 
also much " animate the boldness of the offenders " in the colony 
when they see His Majesty "takes the business so to lieart;" a 
merchant ship could not return for a twelvemonth, and the Whelps 
are too small 

Feb. 15. 5. Sir John Harvey to Ed. Nicholas, Clerk of the Council. To 
move the Admiralty to lend hira the Mary Rose for six months, 
furnished with munition, but with 50 or 60 marines only, and lit for 
sea, to transport him to Virginia. Will pay the charge of victuals 
and wages. Desires that Capt. Woodstock may go mastei'. 

Feb. 18. Minute of a Court for Providence Island. Mr. Woodcock is di- 
Brooke House, rected to rate proposals for ammunition for the island. [Colonial 
Entry Bl:, Vol. Ill, p. 251.] 

Feb. 1 9. Minutes as above. Tlie manner of dividing prizes that may be 

Brooke House, taken, considered. One half of the charges for transportation of 
Fras. Gi'issell and wife remitted. Conditions pi'oposed to " an able 
man" wlio had tlioughts of going to Tortuga and taking with 
him 100 men. Mr. Treasurer requests that 10 men may be sent to 
the main to cut Camock's flax, near Monkey Bay; 10 or 12 tons 


1636. ^«"- ^^- 

Viy tliat means might be planted at Henrietta, and " dettee " procured 
for Providence. Debate on a proposal of the Treasurer for dividing 
into i^roportions of 50 and 30 acres, 3,000 acres of good ground in 
the island, to be assigned to planters. [Colonud Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. -,-.1-52.] 

Feb. 20. MiniUrs of a Court for Providence Island. Mr. Partridge, a 

Brooke House, minister, treated with, about settling in Providence. The Company 
is acquainted with " the noble intention " of the Eail of Warwick to 
undertake a voyage to the West Indies and especially to Providence 
Island ; a large and ample commis.sion constituting him Principal 
Governor there, and Capt. Gen. both by sea and land of all the 
Company's forces, ordered to be drawn out. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., p. 253.] 

Feb. 22. Minutes as above. Mr. Hunt, recommended for the government, 

T.rooke House, -will be ready by the next ship, if bis conditions are agreed to. 

Resolved that all monies from the new undertakers be received by 

Loi-d Brooke, who, after every voyage, will make u]i the accounts. 

{Colonhd Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 253-54.] 

Feb. 25. Minutes as above. Financial business. Answer to the proposi- 

r.rooke House, tions of Mr. Delahajs who had offered his services at Association. 

Examination of complaints against Capt. lliskinner, for miscarriages 

in his ijovernmeiit, ordei'ed. Resolution concerning Mr. Leicester, 

master of the Ble.s.sing. [t'ohnihil Enl ry Bk.. Vid. I'jL, ip. 25 t-55.] 

Feb. 26. Minutes as above. Inquiry into complaints against Capt. Ris- 
isroske House, kinner, for taking goods from Mr. Lane by force; striking, offering 
to j.istol, and threatening to liang him ; but, because accounts 
varied, further examination is deferred. Goods belongmg to WiL 
Spratley, deceased, to be given up. Paj-ments to Mr. Halhead. 
Answers to letters from Providence considered. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., pp. 255-56.] 

Feb. 27. Minutes as above. The ]iroposals of Mr. Delahay for employment 
at Association approved ; another voyage intended about May next. 
Answers to letters from Providence further considered. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 256.] 

Feb. 29. Minutes as above. Ca]it. John Elfrith appointed master of the 
Brooke House. Little Anne, on undertaking to pay all charges, and have one-half 
of the proceeds of prizes. Some of the late planters reply to 
queries by Mr. Knight, who was much commended for his qualifi- 
cations in the Company's service, concerning the healthfulness, 
fruitfulness, &c., of the island, " whereby he received much content- 
ment." Financial business. Inquiry ordered as to the sufficiency 
of Rowland Buckley, gunner, who ]iroff'ers his services. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 25G-57.] 

March L ilinute as above. Directions concerning letters received from 
Brooke House. Providence. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. Ill, p. 257.] 



Vol. IX. 

ilarcli L Agreement between the Company [for Providence Island] and 
Capt. Robt. Hunt. Capt. Hunt to go by the next ship, and be 
Governor of Providence Island during the Company's pleasure. 
Should another Governor be hereafter appointed, to have the 
command of one of the best forts in the island. Expenses of trans- 
portation of himself and fomily to be paid by the Company. The 
labour of twenty servants as a salary. In case of death, the 
Company promise to take care of his wife, " doing what shall become 
them in honor and conscience." Liberty to choose nay part of the 
island, not ah-eady planted, for a government house, for the speedy- 
erection of which, a levy of persons will be made. Credit for 
clothes and provisions, until well settled. One hundred acres of 
land for his own bejiefit. Fifty acres for his future residence, and 
fourteen servants, in case the government is altered. Encourage- 
ment to persons to go over at their own charge. [Colonial, Entry 
BK Vol. IV., p. 90.] 

Mp.rch 2. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island, concerning many foul 
Brooke House, aspersions laid upou divers persons in Providence by the records 
lately sent over. Resolution respecting two ships for better defence 
of the island, and advancement of other designs. Objections against 
Capt. Bell considered ; reasons why it is not thought fit to remove 
him as a delinquent ; the strength of his party in Capts. Elfrith and 
Rous ; resolved, therefore, to divide them and employ them in the 
two ships intended for prizes. Capt. Bell to be useii iiy tlie (Governor 
[Capt. Hunt] Avith courtesy and respect. [VijUmial E)itnj Bk., Yul. 
III., X)p. 257-58.] 

JLarch 3. Minutes as above. Financial business. Resolutions respecting 
Brooke House, abatements to be procured in the customs upon tobacco, " they [the 
Custom authorities] being sd far authorized by the book of rates, 
without addressing themselves therein to His Majty." Com- 
mittee recommended to agree with Mr. Delahay, through a proba- 
bility of 200 or 300 men going to Tortuga at then- own ehaige. 
{Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., 'pp. 258-5y.] 

March 8. Minutes as above. Petition of Randall Ince for allowance for 
Brooke House, services at the main referred to the Treasurer. Mr. Jackson, a 
minister, recommended to the Company's service, desired to preach 
Iiefore the Company next Sabbath. News of the death of Capt. 
Riskinner. Concerning a ship to take over Mr. Delahay, and those 
who will go with him, to Association. Math. Downes goes with 
Mr. Hunt this voyage. Proposal foi' Mr. Knight to be Lieut, of 
Fort Henry, and to command in Capt. Rous' absence. In case Capt. 
Himt should not go before Maj^, Capt. Delahay, a godly man, might 
undertake the goveinment until his arrival ; and Mr. Tanner act as 
Delahay 's lieut., so that the advantage may not be lost of sending 
200 or 800 men at their own charge. [Colonial Entry Bl:, Vol. 
Ill, pp. 259-GO.] 

March 9. Minutes as above. Math. Downes admitted of the Council of 
Brooke House. Providence. Reasons to postpone sending Capt. Hunt over until 


,por> Vol. IX. 

next term ; he is for tlie present dismissed, upon undertaking to 
do all in his power to get ministers and men of worth to transport 
themselves with him at tlieir own charge. Capt. Delahay, if willing, 
shall go by " these ships"' to Providence, for settling the government 
there, until Capt. Hunt arrives. Committee appointed for dispatch 
of business. Nich. Marstou desires satisfaction for disbursements for 
tobacco for the Company's service ; he states there is little hope of 
benefit by prizes, and that their designs are likely to suffer for want 
of a skilful I ilot; a vessel of li tons, with eight oars on a side, may 
be very useful. [_Cnlon lul Entry BL, Vol. III., p'p. 261-02.] 

March 9. Agreement between the Company for Providence Island and 
Mat. Dowues. To be of the Council in the island, have eight 
servants transported at the Company's charge, and a proportion of 
land. Profits to be divided. The servants to be furnished with 
four months' provisions, and clothes, but the charges reimbursed. 
[Colonial Entrii BL, Vol. IV., p. 1)7.] 

March 9. Agreement between the Company for Providence Island and 
Lieut. Jo. Adcock, to serve as Lieut, of Fort Henry. Have six 
servants and pa.ssage money allowed. Profits to be entirely his 
own, and to have a proportion of land and a loan of 10?. [/6aZ.] 

March 9. Agreements between the Compan^y for Providence Island, and 
Edw. Hudson, gunner, Serj. Edw. (Staunton, Jo. Riche, and Fr. Loft- 
house, for training and exercising the inhabitants [in the use of 
arms, &c.]. Passage and profits on the same terms as the preceding, 
but fewer servants allowed, according to the rank of the settler. 
[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. IV, p. 97.] 

March 11. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island concerning Capt. 
Brooke House. Delahay undertaking the government. Serjeant Barnes, recom- 
mended by the Earl of Warwick, to be Lieut, of Fort lleniy, and 
to have the command during Capt. Rous' absence. Proposal to 
Serj. Adcock to be Lieut, of the Fort at Black Rock. Edw. 
Hudson, a gunner, and three soldiers, undertake the voyage upon 
terms of four men and laud proportionable. [Colonial Entry BL., 
Vol. III., p. 262.] 

March l-i. Minutes as above. Nath. Marston to be paid lOZ. Serj. Adcock 
Brooke House, to be Lieut, of Fort Henry, Serj. Barnes having declined the 
Company's offer. Hudson, the gunner, and three soldiers enter- 
tained in the Company's service. Account of Ant. Roberts ; 
prays for a reward for his services. Mr. Jackson having, in his 
sermon, given proofs of his abilities, is oflered the same conditions 
as Mr. Sherhard. Payment to Ant. Roberts for H tons of wood. 
[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 262-63.] 

j\Iarch 18. Minutes as above. Payment ordered for ordnance for the 
Brooke House. Blessing. Capt. And. Carter to be Governor of the Island of Henrietta, 
and ea]it. of the jia.ssengers that go in the Hopewell. [Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. III., p.^Q'i.] 


1686. Vol. IX. 

March 19. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Wil. Rous. Refer 
London. Jiim to their general instructions to the Governor and Council, for 
answer to his letter. Commend his carriage at the Spaniards' late 
attempt, which has encouraged them to employ him as requested. 
Appoint him captain of the Blessing for taking prizes. If well 
managed the defects of the island may be supplied, which alone " will 
not yield profit answerable to our disbursements." Send commission 
and instructions ; is requested to return to England when he has 
performed them, for conference about the state of the Company's 
affairs. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., 'p- ^S.] Inclose, 

I. Commission toCapt. Rous for command of the Bhssinci 1G3G 

March 19. [/6/(?.] 

II. Instructions for Capt. Rous. His shiji's course; talcing 

and disposal of Spanish prizes; manninr/ tivo shallops 
with 20 men apiece from Providence. Captured negroes 
to he conveyed to the Somers Islands, those tvho can dive 
for pearls to be so employed at Providence. To confer 
tvith John Leicester, and Wil. Billinge, the master of the 
Kvpectation. To freight his ship ivith tobacco, cotton, &c., 
if a competent freight of prizes is not obtained. No 
person to he brought home without having first discharged 
his drht tn thr Cn,n,u,nifs .tons. T> in.ikr strict inquiry 
whrir nidig,,, r„rl, i ,ir,il, s.i rs,, /„, rill., , gnnj,r, rice, any 
fruits, ,lnn,s, „r „thrr uscfnl r,.,a,n<ui;ti,s may he had, fit 
to grow in Froridcnce. Liberty to join any English or 
Dutch ship, ton for ton and man for man. If any good 
Spanish pilots are taken, well acquainted tvith Nicaragua, 
Honduras, Terra Firma, or other parts of the main, use 
may be made of them. 163G, March 22. [Ibid., p. 94.] 
March 19. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Financial business. 
Brooke House. Sir Ben. Rudyerd adventures 2.50?., and desires an entry maybe made 
of his protestation not to adventure more. Money necessary for 
dispatch of the ships ; oi-der thereon. [Colonicd Entry Bk Vol III 
p. 2G4.] 
[March 19.] fi. Petition of Ricliard Nicholas and Joshua Foote, iroumono-ers 
to the Privy Council. In 1G29 they furnished Sir John Harvey with 
iron wares for Virginia, to the value of above 45/., and he gave l)ond 
to pay them in Jan. 1G30, but has altogether denied to satisfy them. 
Pray that they may be paid before his return to the colony, out of 
the monies due to him by the King. Underivritten is an order 
requiring Sir John Harvey to give satisfaction to the petitioners, or 
to attend the Privy Council to show cause to the contrary. White- 
hall, 1G3G, March 19. 
March 22. Instructions fi-om the Company of Providence Island to John 
Leicester, master of the Blessing. Upon the same subjects, and very 
similar to those for Capt. Rous ; see above, 22 March inclosure ii 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 9.5.] 
March 22. Instructions to Cornelius Billinge, master of the Expectation. 
Almost word for word the same as the preceding. [Ibid., p. 9G.] 



1636. ^-•^^- 

March 22. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Capt. Hunt 
•willing to go by " these ships " to Providence, upon certain con- 
ditions, agreed to. John Francis to accompany him, to be appointed 
capt. of a fort and one of the Council. A " treaty " proposed with 
Sir Ed. Conway, about to send a ship into " the Indies," for matter 
of prizes, provided he will transport 50 men to Providence. Capt. 
Delahay desu-es to have his conditions in WTiting for the government 
of Association, which are annexed and agreed to. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol.IIL,2U^.^Qi-6b.] 

March 26. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Bell and the rest of 
London. the Council. He having long since served the time of Governor 
allotted to him by commission, and desii-ing to be disburdened from 
that office, Capt. Robt. Hunt is appointed in his stead. Desire that 
all those who have been or are of the Council will meet for the new 
Governor's reception and entertainment. Direct him and the next 
eldest Councillor to administer the oath to Capt. Hunt, whose com- 
mission and instructions vail be read to them. [Colon ial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., p. 89.] 
March 26. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Sam. Axe. Have 
London. received his letter. Thank him for his services " upon notice of 
the Spaniards intending to attack the island," and wish to requite 
thern with most satisfaction to himself Are not able to clear him 
from the slaughter of Indians, by English under his command, 
upon the main. Know that the law wiW not take notice of it, yet 
the Lord is the avenger of blood, and his justice will certainly re- 
quire it. " Besides, we are yet ignorant how far the guilt thereof may 
i-edound to the blasting of our own designs." Expect his defence 
by the next ship. If not able to take off the guilt of blood from 
his conscience, advise him to humble himself before the Lord, and 
give public testimonies of the trutli of his humiliation. Hear of his 
industry in tiie prosecution of trade upon the mam ; desire an ac- 
count by his next. Would be glad to hear of his proceedings, upon the 
letters of marque he has obtained from the Dutch. Direct him liow 
to employ the ordnance left by Capt. Camock. If his answers are 
satisfactory will restore him to his place of Councillor and Capt. of 
"Warwick Fort, remit all his fines, and give him other encourage- 
ments to remain in Providence. Desire him to maintain fair cor- 
respondence with Capts. Bell and Elfi-ith. Will reply to his demand 
for money. [Colonial Entry Bh Vol. IV., p. 92.] 

March 26. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Exceptions con- 
Brooke House, cerning the agreement with Capt. Delahay. Wil. Stevenson and 
Owen Durning, late planters in the island [of Association], give in- 
formation that there were about 80 English there. The ordnance, 
six pieces, taken by the Spaniards. Capt. Riskinner "carried 
himself ill in his place," and died after [he had been there] three 
months. The island governed by a Council chosen from the prin- 
cipal inhabitants. The Hollanders desirous to make use of it them- 
selves. There are 150 negroes ; 27 belonging to the Company. It 
ia very healthful, and produces the best salt in the woi'ld. There is 


1G36. ^''^^- ^^- 

a good gunner, and three pieces of ordnance, which were taken over 
by Capt. Riskinner. Petition presented from the island against 
the French, for taking away braziletta wood and negroes. Resolved 
that a ship be hired to carry over 100 men ; it is hoped that passen- 
gers may be found without much charge to the Company. The wife 
of Mr. Johnstone, Sec. in the island, and two servants to be sent 
over. Six servants each promised to Francis, Downes, Betton, and 
Woolseley. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 265-67.] 

March 26. Commission fi-om the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 
Andrew Carter, for government of the Island of Henrietta, according 
to tlie form of Capt. Hunt's for Providence. [Minute. Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. IF., 2^.98] 

March 28. Instructions for Capt. Carter, Governor of Henrietta Island. 
Religion and justice to be maintained. To provide for the forti- 
fication of the island. To observe Mi-. Woodcock's directions. 
Disposal of the men under liis charge. To send over any number 
of persons required for defence of Providence, provided 20 be left in 
Henrietta. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. IV., p. 98.] 

March 28. Commission to Capt. Eobt. Hunt, appointing him Governor of 
Providence Island during tiie Company's pleasure. [Colonial Entry 
Bk.. Vol. 77., p. 88.] 

March 28. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 
Robt. Hunt, Governoi-. Xlpon his arrival, the letters to be sent to 
the Governor and Council and to Capt. Bell, who will attend his 
landing. Capt. Hunt's commission and instructions to be published. 
The house of Ensign Fitch recommended as spacious and conveniently 
situated for his lodging. Account of the state of the plantations, 
ordnance, nrms, ammunition, fortifications, and boats to be sent, all 
of which Capt. Hunt is desired to inspect. To acquaint liimself 
with the contents of former instructions and letters. To labour to 
settle peace and unity, many differences liaving been already re- 
ferred to the Company's determination. Watches to be duly kept ; 
the storehouses guarded, and the ammunition carefully preserved. 
The last magazine by the Robert to be accounted for. Mr. Sherliard 
to be advised with in private, how to compose some differences about 
ecclesiastical censures. In case of Capt. Hunt's death, certain closed 
instructions to be put in execution. The inhabitants to be brought 
to a perfect knowledge of the use of arms. Respect to be shown to 
Capt. Bell, and encouragement given to industi'ious planters, who 
have long expected servants from the Company. [Colonial Entry 
BL, Vol. IV., 2). 89.] 

^[arch 28. The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and 
London. Council. Have received their letters by the Robert and Expectation. 
Ai-e heartily thankful that they were delivered from the attempt 
of the Spaniards to seize the island. Have resolved upon weakening 
the enemy and strengthening the island ; will shortly send a gi-eat 
supply of men and ammunition. The State has taken special notice 
of the i,sland as of gi-eat importance, and a strict account will be 
required of the Company's care of it. Recommend the fortifications 




Vol. IX. 

to be finislicd, tlie soldiers to be properly trained, and all matters 
necessary fur defence to be attended to. Colours will be sent for 
the several forts and companies. Are glad to liear of a better way 
of agreement, tlie late differences having occasioned the greatest 
trouble. Have deferred particular inquiry into tlie records, being 
very long. All fines, imprisonments, and suspensions to be remitted 
up to the day " whereon your deliverance was, thro' God's mercy, 
obtained." Mr. Sherhard's fine and imprisonment for matters 
ecclesiastical utterly mi.sliked. Forbid a minister being disturbed 
in any way, in matters appertaining to his functions. Mr. Rishworth 
restored to his place in the Council. No man to attempt any 
prize from the Spaniard. Encom-agement for the inhabitants not 
only to live plentifully, but to gain fortune,?. Planting of silk grass. 
Dettee may prove of value. Trade with Dutch ships disliked, be- 
cause being only for sack, it has tended to the increase of drunken- 
ness, disorder, and poverty. A return of the last magazine expected ; 
no man to come home until his debts to the stores are paid. Goods 
belonging to Capt. Hook to be seized to the Company's use. Have 
sent two servants apiece for the two carpenters. A magazine will 
be received upon Mr. Woodcock's account. Were ignorant of the 
death or absence of Robt. Reignold and Thos. Denny. Ordnance 
and other things left at the Mosquitos by Capt. Camock, to bo 
fetched away. Desire that encouragement may be given to the 
men sent by Mr. Woodcock and his partners to plant at Henrietta. 
Have agreed to ease the planters of their payments, to increase their 
benefits, and secure their estates. Have sent over Capt. Robt. 
Hunt to succeed Capt. Bell in the government. Would have 
Capt. Bell remain one of tlie Council ; his services will be con- 
sidered. Commend several masters of families who go over, par- 
ticularly Me.ssrs. Downes, Francis, and Johnson. Request that 
Ensign Fitch will entertain the Governor and his family. Servants 
sent over for supply of the Company's ofiicers; a further supply 
may shoi-tly be expected. A levy to be made upon the inhabitants 
for building a Governor's house. Every man to plant a store of 
provisions. Capt. Wil. Rous to return to England with his servant, 
Thos. Grimsditch ; Lieut. Adcock now going over will sujiply his 
place. Desire that Fred. Johnson, Math. Downes, and John 
Francis be sworn of the Council ; Johnson is appointed to the 
vacant post of Secretary ; and Francis is to have the charge of 
Trippett's Fort, to be henceforth called Brooke Fort, and to train the 
inhabitants on that side of the island for martial services. Have 
taken great care to provide good ministers, but if such a,s is 
desired cannot be sent, they must blame themselves, " the unhappy 
discontents that have fallen out betwixt the minister and the 
Government being so public and oflensive." Excuse the colony from 
paying halves for the past and present year upon certain conditions. 
The land to be divided into fiirms and tenements, and to pay a 
yearly rent in tobacco, cotton, or other staple commodities. Instruc- 
tions thereon. A convenient place to be chosen for the Governor's 
house, with lUO acres of land adjoining, and a suitable house for tlie 


minister, " with .a proportion of land." The men of better qnaUty 
to have 50 acres of land ; tliose of ordinary rank 30 acres, with 
reservation to the Company to confirm the allotments. Expect the 
rent reserved to be about a fourtli part of the commodities jiroduced 
by the land. The plantations to be inspected evei'y three months. 
Fruit trees to be planted, because it is intended hereafter to send 
over " preservers." Plentiful subsistence of the Company's tenants ; 
profitable manufictures will be settled upon the island, and other 
privileges are intended. Would have no man stay upon the island 
who has not some honest employment, nor any plantation sold, nor 
servants disposed of, who have been sent over at the Company's 
expense. Instructions concerning prizes. Ensign Rous and John 
Elfrith may be employed that way. Negroes to be disposed into 
families, and divided amongst ofiicers and industrious planters, a 
strict watch being kept to prevent plots or any danger to the island 
being attempted. Divers to a.scertain if there be any likelihoods of 
pearl fishing. Wonder there should be any complaints of a deficiency 
of clothing by the Robert ; enumerate the proportion sent for every 
servant. Arnold did not bring a letter ; danger of conveying advice 
of the weakness of the island by uncertain ways. Jo. Latimer to 
be released, if he did not voluntarily engage himself Isaac Barton 
to be freed from the general works. Thos. Streete, servant of Jo. 
Hunt and Geo. Philips, lately with Ensign Fitch, to have the 
remainder of their times free, " yet not allowing that they or any 
other shall live idle." Complaints of Wil. Haman against his 
master, Chas. Toller, and of Sam. Bennett to be examined. En- 
couragement to Wil. Painter and Rich. James ; their wives may 
go over by the next ship. Mr. Halhead to be allowed 100 wt. of 
tobacco, as a mark of respect for his public emjjloyments. The 
purchasers of Capt. Axe's plantation to account to him for the 
price of it. Hudson, a good gunner, sent over; hope to send more 
by the next ship. Young men to be instructed in that art. Edw. 
Staunton, appointed Serjeant, to be employed in training the men. 
Expect the iniiabitants to be exercised once or twice a week, so that 
they may know the use of their arms. Mr. Symonds to execute the 
oftice of Sherifl', if Isaac Barton resign. One Ray, who went over a 
freeman, to be at liberty to dispose of himself. Jo. Sampson, 
Aaron Butcher, Rich. Reade, and Roger Floud, may return to 
England ; also Ensign Fitch, provided his command be well sup- 
plied ; and Sam. Rishworth, Isaac Barton, and Eliz. Jones. Good 
store of provisions to be planted. 500 or COO men may be expected 
within a few months. All former letters and instructions to be 
delivered to Capt. Hunt. Commend the defence of the island to 
their particular care. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., j^p- 81-88.] 

March 28. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Phil. Bell, Go- 
London, vernor there. Assurances of respect for his good services. Will 
be much gladder to find him deserving thanks and reward than any 
way blameworthy. Request he will go on cheerfully as l,)elongs to 
his place of Councillor. Have sent a Governor to succeed him, who 
will merit his good opinion and affection. Desire he will be assis- 


1G36. ^'""•^^- 

tant to liiiu puMicly and private^. Hope that he will not lie 
'• transported with any jealousy." The consideration of his salary 
deterred. He may freely enjoy his plantation and servants, to 
which number they have now added four more. Will " indiffe- 
rently " consider the differences that stand upon record. [Colon iiil 
Entry Bk, Vol. IV., p. 9L] 

March 2S. The Company of Providence Island to Mr. Sherhard, tlie 
London. minister. Have received his letter, and are very sensible of his 
sufferings. Have signified their utter dislike of tlie ])roceedings 
against him, and taken care to prevent the like in future. In 
matter of excommunication, he is advised to consult with Capt. 
Hunt, the new Governor, " a discreet and godly man ;" and for 
suspension, the Company would not have it in any case used, without 
L;iving the party a distinct knowledge of tlie cause, and a convenient 
time to give Sherhard satisfaction. Desire he will go on in his 
l'iim-tii«n "aceiirding to the rule of the Word." As to the excom- 
unniiratiniis already past, earnestly' entreat him to u-se all the 
(_'liristian niddcration that may stand with a safe conscience. Hope 
tu send some faithful fellow laboui-ers by these or the next ships for 
his encouragement. {Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 9L] 

March. The Company of Providence Island to the Council there. 

Private instructions to be kept secret, and not opened but in case of 
Capt. Hunt's death, or the government being vacant. Delivered 
to the custody of John Hudson. If Capt. Himt should die before 
the next supply anives, the aftairs of the island are to be managed 
by the major jjart of the Council. In case of the approach of an 
enemy, Capt. Wil. Rous to be General and Chief Commander for the 
time being ; but if he be absent, then the Council in such time of 
public danger, to make choice of another. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., p. 9G.] 

■March 28. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Daniel Elfrith, 
London. Admiral there. Have received his letters, and commend his in- 
dustry in erecting and looking to the fortifications of the island. 
Desire he will continue that service. Have not particidarly 
examined his difference with Mr. Sherhard, but hope the latter will 
do what is fit for making peace. Have acted upon his advice 
concerning the abatement of halves. Four more servants con- 
signed to him ; if any defect in the last, not out of any disrespect 
to him. Are willing to employ his son in a ship for [the taking of J 
prizes. Explain why the Little Anne cannot be gi'anted for that 
service. Cannot conclude upon his demand for a certain salary. 
Will shortly think of some good employment for him. Have " pro- 
cured liberty to right themselves of the Spaniard." Send a good 
supply of men and ammunition for the island's defence. The King 
and State look upon Providence as a very considerable place. 
Are more likely to his skill and experience than any other 
man's in the island. Do not find whether lie ha.s made any of 
his cotton engine, so have only .sent one made up. [Colonial Enti-y 
BL, Vol. IV^,p.92.] 


1636. Vol. IX. 

March 28. Instructions for Mr. Avery, Master of the HopewelL To ob- 
serve Wil. Woodcock's directions ; seize any Spani.sli vessel to the 
southward of the Canaries, and take in freight at Association. 
[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. IV., p. 98.] 

March 28. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Alterations in 
Brooke House, the oath of Governor to be administered to Capt. Hunt, as requested 
by him, refused ; but, by a letter to the Council, the Coiujiany suspend 
his taking the oath luitil fm-ther ordei-. Money advanced to Ed. 
Hudson for liis encouragement ; to Mr. Johnson for tools aud building 
utensils ; and to Eandall Ince for entertaining seven men in the Com- 
pany's service. The Company's letters, commi.ssions and instructions 
are read, signed, and sealed. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 267.] 

March 28. ]\Iinutes as above. Two commissions, appointing Capt. Roliert 
Hunt governor of the passengers to be transported to Providence 
in the Blessing, and Lieut. Jo. Adcock governor of those in the 
Expectation, are sealed according to the form for the Robert. See 
ante, p. 1 89, 1 6 A ug. 1 634. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. I V, p. 97.] 

March 28. 7. Governor JohnWest to the Lords Corarai.ssioners for Plantations. 

I'oint Comfort Explains the reason of his having been unanimously chosen Gover- 
[VirgiDia]. j^^j. .<bgfoi.e gii- joim Harvey was out of the Capes." If the King 
confirm the act of the country, will to his utmost, express himself a 
faithful and zealous servant ; or witji as devoted a submission be 
ready to give up his charge. During this year the colony has received 
an increase of 1,606 persons. Complains of the merchants' crime, 
Avho so pester their ships witli passengers that they bring infection 
among them, " the most pestered ships carry with tliem almost a 
general mortality." The Government have taken the nearest course 
for avoiding further unnatural broils between those of Maryland and 
of the Isle of Kent. Endorsed by Windebcmk, " Rec. 1 9 June, 
at Hampton Court." 

[March.] 8. Memorial of Sir John Harvey ; requesting, as he is to be at 

the charge of victuals and mariners' wages, that it may be inserted 
in the warrant for the ship lent to him by the King for his trans- 
portation to Virginia, that he may have the benefit of the freight out 
and home. 

March 29. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island " for the 
disposing of the ships and passengers in the Blessing and Expectation, 
in case the island should be taken at their arrival there. Commended 
to the custody of Mr. Billinge." Inquiry to be made at the island 
of Henrietta and the Mosquitos, whether any of the inhabitants are 
there. Those willing, to be transported to Cape Gratia de Dios, 
where Capt. Robt. Hunt is to be Governor, or if he be dead or 
absent Mr. Johnson. The ships are then to pursue their voyage. 
Directions for those who remain on shore, as to their place of settle- 
ment, fortifying themselves, planting provisions, and providing Ca- 
mock's flax wherewith to freight the ships on their return. If the 


,p„^ Vol. IX. 

] bob. 

enemy have su1)sequently wholly relinquished Providence, the 

passengers and late inhabitants to be taken there. [Colonial Entry 

Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 96, 97.] 

April 2. Commission to Sir John Harvey to be Governor of Virginia ; with 

powers and authorities therein mentioned. [MimUe. Col. Corresp., 
1 607, Jan. 9.] 

April 5. Warrant by the Company of Providence Island. The oath to be 

Loudon, resjiited to Gov. Hunt and ttiose Councillors sent over in tlie 

Blessing. An alteration may be made more agreeable to that form 

of oath usually appointed to be taken in England by the judges, 

magistrates, and other officers. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol IV., J>. 90.] 

April 7. The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Council. 

Loudon. "Wil. Woodcock has deferred his plantation upon Henrietta, and 
consented that those who were designed to begin a plantation there, 
should be left at Providence, until a fiu-ther number can be sent over. 
The defence of the island will be thereby strengthened, " the 
principal thing considerable in their designs." Directions for the 
location and government of the persons now transjiorted. Request 
a certificate to be returned of the ordnance now sent over, that 
the Company may be enabled to satisfy the King's officers in 
England. [Colonial Entry Bh., Vol. IV., p. 99.] 

April ] 0. Commission to Archbishop Laud and others, for government of all 
persons, within the colonies and plantations beyond the seas, 
acccording to the laws and constitutions there, and to constitute 
Courts as well Ecclesiastical as Civil, for determining causes. See 
ante, p. 177, No. 12. [Colonial Corre.sp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

April 11. 9. Richard Kemp, Sec. of Virginia, to Sec. Windeliank. During 
Point Comfort the year 21 ships have amved in James Rivei', all of which are 
[Virginia], returning freighted with tobacco, for London. By the computation 
of men of credit, the King's customs on the tobacco in the John 
and Barbary, of Ipswich, a ship of great burden, would amount to 
3,33 -ii. ; is well assured there were others able to stow more. 
Proposes that the King should have a custom house there with 
good allowance to a customer ; " what a revenue might i.ssue to the 
King from this colony ;" trade would be quickened, and ship build- 
ing there encouraged. An old order should be revived, that all com- 
modities of the country be brought to three stores ; the customs be 
discharged in the colony, and the merchant free to export to anj' 
port. Enlarges upon the very great benefits for the planter in this 
respect, and the advantage to trade and the colony. 

[April 21.] 10. Petition of Edward Cason and other merchants of London, 
adventurers for increase of trade in the West Indies, to the Com- 
missioners of the Admiralty. Have designs for a full discovery of 
that part of the continent between Virginia and Canada, to fish 
amongst the French, " to make Corr fish upon the grand bank not 
yet fished by any English," and obtain from the eastward of New 
England sea horse teeth, a merchant's commodity not yet looked after. 


1636. ^'^"•^^- 

Have supplieil n good ship with 16 pieces of ordnance, and entnisted 
the command to Richard French. Pray ffir a commission to take 
pirates and sea rovers who haunt those fishings, and for letters of 
favour to the Governors of the West Indian phantations, to further 
their discoveries or fishings in those parts. On the marr/in- Nichohis 
has written " a commission to take pirates to be granted to Capt. 

May 5. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Money due on bonds. 

Scheilule of the Company's deljts to be prepared. Accounts to be 
audited. The state of Association considered, and the danger of 
the Dutch or French seizing the island, if the Company relinquish 
it. Concerning Capt. Newman's proposition for taking prizes, and 
Mr. Key's request to consider his brother's late service. [Colonial 
Entry Bl:, Vol. III., pp- 2G7-G9.] 

May 7. Minutes as above. Propositions debated concerning supplies for 

Brooke House. Association ; whether the Company will undertake them or an ofler 
be made to others to do so. Accounts ordered that every man's debt 
may be known. [Colonial Entry Blc.,Yol III., pp. LMSy-TO.J 

May 14. Minutes as above. The Treasurer proposes that 5,000?. be im- 

Brooke House, mediately raised for furnishing the Company's plautatinns with 
supplies. Inducements to contribute. He also suggests that smne of 
the Company should go in person, and urges a speedy risuhitinn, as 
without jjresent relief, Providence will not be secnre, and Tortuga 
will be certainly lost. Various sums promised for settling A.sso- 
ciation ; Capt. Rudyerd named as very fit to govern the island. 
Order upon petition of the wife of Grimes, the late gunner of 
Association, praying for her husband's release from slavery at St. 
Domingo. Lord Brooke replies to Sir Thomas Barrington's remarks 
touching the new stock of 10,000Z. Proposed that a minister and 
50 men be sent to Providence with Capt. Is^ewman, tliat the honest 
men be encouraged to stay until a fuller supply can be sent ; and 
that money be raised for the supply of Association. Mr. Wood- 
cock is ordered to bespeak apparel and iron ware. [Colonial Entry 
BL, Vol. III., p)p. 270-72.] 

May 1 6. Minutes as above. Del late upon Capt. Newman's proitositions to 

Brooke House, ^lo the Company service in a man of war, in some parts of tlie West 
Indies, by taking prizes. Sir Nath. Rich offers to subscribe 100^. 
in that adventure. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 272-73.] 

[May 17.] 11- Petition of Sir John Harvey to the King. The Black George, 
the prize ship lent to him for his transportation to Virginia, is 
charged with 80 mariners. Prays that she may be delivered to him 
for that voyage, with powder and munition, and 50 mariners only, 
"who are sufiicient to sail her." Underivritten is a reference by Sec. 
Windebank, that tlie King is pleased to grant the petitioner's 
request, and the officers of the navy are to certify whether 50 
mariners will be sufficient for the ship. Whitehall, 1636, May 17. 
On the same sheet is added, 


11. I. Ccriificafe of Ken. Ed islmry and Den. Fleming, officers of 
the Navy, that 50 mariners will be sufficient for the sailing 
of the Black George to Virginia, because many passengers 
luill go in her besides. 1636, May 23. 

May 17. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Statement of the 

Brooke House, cost of victualling, &c., a ship, by Capt. Newman, approved ; he is 
desired to inquire for a vessel. Request on behalf of Math. 
Thonii)son concerning money paid for goods taken out of the 
Company's stores. Inducements to members of the Company to 
undertake the supply of Association. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 273-74.] 

May 18. Minutes as above. The charge of Capt. Newman's voyage is 
Brooke House, computed, and the means of raising money to supply it. Several 
agree to contribute, and Mr. AVoodcock has direction to prepare for 
the voyage. Directions for heads of a letter to Providence, for 
altei-ation of the oath of the Governor and Councillors, excusing 
not having sent the intended supply, by reason of the plague ; no 
man to be permitted to leave the island until next spring ; no design 
to be undertaken by sea that may weaken the island ; reason for 
examination of complaints on record being respited. Capt. S. Rip- 
pam having been desired to undertake the government of Provi- 
dence, and writing that his engagements to the States will not 
permit, to speak with him fm-ther on that subject. Debate con- 
cerning the petition to the King for aliatement of customs upon the 
Company's tobacco. [Colonial Entry Bh., Vol. III., pp. 274-75.] 

May 19. Minutes as above. Resolution concerning Capt. Newman's voyage 

is again confirmed. Directions for providing a ship of 300 tons and 
a pinnace, to carry 40 or 50 passengers to Providence. His instruc- 
tions to be the same as those to other masters, with power to 
examine all ships found trading or acting in ho.stile manner, within 
the limits of the Company's patent, and to seize their goods. 
[Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., p. 275.] 

[May 20.] 12. Petition of Francis Pott, late Capt. of His Majesty's Fort in 
Virginia, close prisoner in tiie Fleet, to the Privy Council. Has been 
a close prisoner since 14 July last, upon Sir John Harvey's com- 
plaint, and is truly sorrowful for any offence committed on his part. 
Prays for liberty, whereby he may be preserved from infection " in 
this dangerous of contagion." With reference to Sec. Winde- 
bank to aapiaint the King with this petition, when further order 
will be given. Star Chamber, 1636, May 20. 

May 21. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Resolved, that a ship 

Brooke House, of 300 tons, " inquired out" by Capt. Newman, be hired at 80Z. per 
annum for the Company's service in their plantation.?, and that a 
minister and a few servants to supply the Governor of Providence, 
be only sent in her. Lord Mandeville admitted to half of Sir 
Nath. Rich's .share of adventure. Petition of Ant. Roberts for 
reward for three years services as clerk of the Company's stores 


163G. ^''''■- ^^■ 

aiisNvered at length, in the negative. Conference desired %vith 
C'apt. John Hilton, who ofl'ers his services. Propositions presented 
by Wil. Stevenson and Owen Duren, on behalf of the planters 
at Association, read and answered at length, "in which there 
appeared much unreasonableness." Thej' assure the Company that 
they can supply Association with 200 beasts in a month from 
Hispaniola, and will deliver calves there at 20s. a piece. \_Colonial 
Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp. 276-77.] 

May 23. Minutes of a Coui-t for Providence Island. Mr. Buckley offers 

lirooke House, upon certain conditions, to procure a good number of servants from 
Wales. The ordering of Sir Ed. Seymour's pinnace to be left 
to the discretion of the Treasurer. John Pym informs the Com- 
pany that at his request, the Earl of Holland before signing, read 
"ever^^ whit himself" of the commis.sions for prize.s, sent by the 
Blessing and Expectation. Accounts for Cap. Newman's voyage. 
Resolution concerning the Company undertaking the planting of 
Association ; certain meml)ers subscribe towards it. [Colonial Entry 
BL, Vol. III., pp. 278-79.] 

May 2(3. Minutes as above. The Earl of Holland elected Governor of 

the Company, and Henry Darley chosen Deputy, in the room of Sir 
Nath. Rich. After debate whether it be necessary to have a 
Treasurer, and John Pym, who reminds the Company of his great 
charges and a previous entry in his favour, is desired not to relinquish 
that office, resolved that the choice of a new Treasvn-er be respited. 
"Will. Woodcock chosen Husband, and Wil. Jessop SecreUxry to the 
Company. Sir Wil. Waller admitted to a quarter part of John 
Pym's entire share of adventure. Capt. Newman promises shortly 
to give an answer concerning " a very lit ship," not having agreed 
about the vessel he was formerly in treaty for {Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., 2?}^. 279-8 K] 

May 30. Minutes as above. The state of adventure with Captain Newman 
again considered, accounts laid befoi e the Company ; and several 
orders made. One sixth part of the prizes taken by the Hopewell, 
to be allowed the Company. Mr. Pym proposes to settle the late 
order concerning the undertakers, and their receipt of profits of all 
the islands for nine years. Resolution touching the Company's 
debts. [Colonial Entry Bt, Vol. Ill,, pp. 281-82.] 

May 30. Minutes as above. Mr. Moreton, the minister, states that Mr. Sher- 

Brooke House, liard had been at great charges through his imprisonment, and that 

he is left destitute of all means for convenient supply ; no judgment 

can be given until the cause has been examined. Financial business. 

[Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., p)p. 282-83.] 

June 1. Minutes as above. Order concerning payment of the Company's 

Mn Pym's del its. Capt. Newman to have 300^. for the purchase of a pinnace 
in Holland. Resolutions passed for raising money for sending a 
supply to Association ; for discharge of the late voyage ; and for 
answering the several adventures with Capt. Newman ; particulars 



1G36. ^°^- ^^- 

annoxoil. The James offered for the voyage to Association ; agreed 
that 100 men shall be transported thence in her, 25 for the 
Governor and other officers, particularly Lieut. Tanner and Mr. 
Loungerford, the intended Sec. of the island, and 300L disbursed in 
ammunition for the i.sland. The division of prizes that the James 
may bring home is also settled. Finance. [Colonial Entry Blc, 
Vol. III., pp- 2S.3-84-.] 

[June 2.] 1-". Petition of Anthony Hooper, Daniel Farvacks, Isaac Legaye, 
and others, merchants of London, to the Commissioners of the 
Admiralty. Have freighted the Mary and John of London, to go to 
Newfoundland, there to take in fish to the value of 2,0U0L ; but are 
nut able to proceed in the voyage by reason of the press. Pray that 
they may be freed from the King's press, or it will be their utter 
ruin. Annexed, 

13. I. List of names of the men belonging to the Mary and 
John, of London, Roht. Siuyer, master. Endorsed by 
Nicholas, " Rec. 1636, June 2." 

1636 ? 1 i- Petition of Thos. Williams, master of the Martha and Francis 

of London, to the Admiralty. Has agreed with divers merchants to 
go to Newfoundland for, and engaged to carry 35 persons 
thither ; but some have been prest, which tends to his utter undoing. 
Prays that the 27 men, whose names are annexed, with three more, 
may be permitted to go the voyage. Annexed, 

1-t. I. List of names of the 27 men above mentioned. 

June 3. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. The planters of 

Brooke House. Tortuga are informed of the resolution to send thither 1 00 men, 
which they suppose sufficient with those already there, to secure the 
island, if still in possession of the English ; they are also acquainted 
that Capt Rudyerd will be their Governor, at which they were very 
well pleased. Consideration of the state of the Company's debts ; 
also of the increase of stock to the undei-takers of the Robert. By 
reason of the great charges and pains of John Pym, some way to be 
resolved upon to recompense him. [Colonial Entry Blc, Vol. III., 
p)p. 284f-85.] 

June 4. Minutes as above. Commissions and instructions to Capt. Newman 

Brooke House, are read, confirmed, and ordered to be engro.ssed ; as also the charter 
part for Mr. Ci-adock's ship, to be called the Happy Return. Capt. 
W. Rudyerd is elected Governor of Association ; his instructions for 
the execution of his government and command of the James are 
read. [Cohnial Entry Bh., Vol. Ill, pp. 285-86.] 

June 11. Minutes as above. Serj.-Maj. Hunks, a gentleman of quality 
and experienced in the wars, is recommended by Lord Brooke to be 
Lieut.-Gov. of Association, during Cai)t. Rudyerd's absence from 
the island. Directions to jjrepare his commission. [Colonial Entry 
Bh, Vol. III., p. 286.] 



Vol. IX. 

June ] 2. Instructions to Capt. William Smythe, captain of the prize ship 

Hampton Court, the Black George, appointed to transport Sir John Harvej^ his 
company, servants, and followers to Virginia. "When the ship is 
ready he is to receive at Portsmouth, Sir John Harvey and his 
company, and take them with all things provided, to that plantation, 
it being the King's intention that Harvey should have the Leneht 
of freight out and home, in recompence of liis charges. [Domestic 
Corresp. Car. I., Vol. GLVIL, pp- l^T-iS.] 

June 1-t. ilinutes of a Court for Providence Island. Jlr. Aniirant having 
given good satisfaction of his ability for the ministry, by preaching 
before some of the Company, is entertained a minister in Providence. 
He is made acquainted with the conditions to encourage others to go 
there, viz. : land enough for them and their families, by paying one- 
fourth of the clear profits upon merchantable commodities raised. 
Sir Will. Waller admitted to join John Pym's adventure in the voyage 
of Capt. Rudyerd. John Wells entertained pilot and chief mate in 
the James. Bond of Ant. Roberts, clerk of the stores in Association, 
his plant.ation in that island restored to him on certain condition.s. 
{Colonial Entry Bh, Vol. III., x>p. 28(3-87.] 

June 1 .5. Minutes as above. Lieut. Chadwell to go to the Island of Asso- 

Brooke House, ciation with promise of good employment and servants. Mr. Tis- 
dale also agrees to go there. {Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
p. 287.] 

June IG. Minutes as aliove. Directions to prepare certain commissions, 
Brooke House, instructions and letters. Several men, out of the hundred to be sent 
to Association, appropriated to the othcers of the island. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 287.] 

June 23. The Company of Providence Island to the Gov. and Council. 
London. Hope the arrival of the Blessing and Expectation will have settled 
the island in a comfortable state of peace and defence. Have been 
necessitated to defer sending a further large supply, because of 
" a heavy judgment of pestilence laid upon this city ;" and also 
taking into consideration several complaints remaining upon 
record. Fresh supplies will be expedited ; a minister and a few 
servants now sent to make good the Company's promise to Capt. 
Hunt. No man to be permitted to leave the island that it may 
not be deprived of reasonable .strength, until arrival of the 
next ships. Fortifications and planting provisions specially recom- 
mended to their- care. No design by sea to be undertaken that may 
weaken the island. Directions concerning prize goods. Former 
instructions to be carried out for distributing the lands into farms. 
The cultivation of flax to be attended to, and the planting of dettee 
cherished ; are sorry to hear that the cattle have been permitted to 
eat it up. Capt. Newman, whom the Company have in very good 
esteem, is commissioned to take care of some of their designs in the 
West Indies ; he will inspect the fortifications, and it is expected 
that he will be barkened to in all things. Send the form of an oath 
to be administered to the Governor and Council. Eight servants 


1G3G. _ Vol. IX. 

apiece to be reserved for Lieuts. Chadwell and Tanner, and 
Mr. Hungerford, if they are willing to stay in the island. Would 
have theiu admitted to any vacant places suitable to their qualities, 
being able soldiers, and all of good birth and rank. [Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. IV., pp. 100, 101.] 

Jiiue 23. The Company of Providence Island to Jo. Leicester and Corn. 
Billinge, masters of the Blessing and the Expectation. Have 
employed Cajit. Newman, captain of the Happy Return, " for some 
sea services in the West Indie.s." Request that they may be 
mutually assisting one another. Danger of passing home by the 
old channel. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. IV., p. 102.] 

Jane 23. Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 
Thus. Newman ; for command of the Happy Return, and a pinnace, 
the Providence, which is to accompany the ship, to be employed in 
the defence and security of Providence, Association, and other 
adjacent islands, granted by patent to the Company. [Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. IV., p. 102.] 

June 23. Instructions for Capt. Newman. To carry such passengers as 

he shall be advised, and sail direct for the West Indies. To disable 
the Spaniard by every means in his power, and by seizing their 
vessels and goods to the southwards of the [Bahamas] islands. 
Eiii))l(iyment of Spanish pilots ; also negroes taken by him, and the 
di«iiosal of prizes. To deliver at Providence and Association the 
passengers and letters ; inspect the defences of those islands, and 
give his best advice for their fortifications. Freight of his ship 
home ; inquiries after usefvil commodities ; and in case of meeting 
with any Dutch or English vessel willing to join with him. [Colordal 
Entry Bk., Vol. IV., j^ix 103-1.] 

June 23. 15. Attested copy of the preceding, translated into English from 

a Dutch translation, made 8 Jan. 1640. 

June 23. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. John Pym declares 
liiuoke House, that Sir B. Rudyerd bears lOOl , part of his adventure in Association. 
Letters, commissions, and instructions, and the charter part for the 
Happy Return, are signed and sealed. Resolution upon a demand 
by an officer of the West India Company in Holland, for lOOl. for 
ten negroes. Agreement for the James. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., 2}. 288.] 

June 24. IG. The Privy Council to the Governor and Council of Virginia. 

Send petition of John Woodall, who deserves encouragement for his 
chargeable and constant adventures in that plantation. Direct 
them to cause speedy justice to be done against those of the peti- 
tioner's servants who do not give him a just account of his goods 
and cattle, and to put his new agent, John Convers, in possession of 
the petitioner's estate. 

June 2G. 17. Sir John Harvey to Sec. Windebank. Sets forth the injury 

London, to trade in Virginia, cauaed by the little or no money in the colony. 



1636. ^^'^- ^^• 

and the want of means to pay for labour until the crops of tobacco 
are ready. Is therefore a suitor to the King that some farthing 
tokens may be sent over and made cun-ent there. 

June 27. IS. Jerome Hawley to Sec. Windebank. Sends a memorial con- 
London, cerning tobacco, which Lord Goring conceives fit for the King's 
consideration, and will tend very much to the advancement of Hi.s 
Majesty's service. Will wait upon him at Court on Sunday next. 


Directions vjluek may jitlij he given to all Go 
any foreign parts where tobacco is •planted. 

vernors m 

June 28. Minutes of several bonds undertaken by members of the Company 

irooke House, of Providence Island, for supplies for A.ssociation, Capt. Newman's 
voyage, and debts incurred by the Company, [^i'ulonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., pp. 288-89.] 

July 28. 

Aug. -1. 

19. A "Passage in a letter [from Henry Vane, jun. ?] to Mr. 
Comptroller [Su- Henry Vane] about tlie estate of New Eng- 
land." The present face of things very tumultuous. The French 
continually encroach and arm the natives for civil war, who kill 
and steal when they can. A report that the patent is damned, 
which has caused great discouragement to the plantation. Danger 
of it being reduced fi-om a flourishing to a desolate state. Endorsed 
by laud as above, and [as received ?] 3 Oct. U;36. 

20. The King to the Governor and Council of Virginia To 
endeavour to plant some staple commodities and moderate, as has 
been done in the Caribbee Islands, the excessive quantities of tobacco 
in Virginia, " the most ancient plantation of our English nation." 
To take effectual order that all tobacco be brought to the Port of 
London, and no alien permitted to export any ; and to cause some 
fit place and an officer to be appointed with a competent fee and 
allowance to keep a register of the customs and certify the same 
yearly to the Lord Treasurer. [Draft.] In a mem. on the endorse- 
vient Mr. Read is desired by Lord Goring to dispatch this business 
to Portsmouth, where Jerome Hawley expects it on board the Black 

Aug. 5. Kenelm Edisbury to Nicholas. It is reported that the French 

Chatham, and Turks have .surprised and taken all the English in New England. 

Hopes the officers of the Navy cannot be justly blamed ; is sure the 

ships want nothing proper for them to care foi-. [Extract from 

Domestic Corresp. Car. I.] 

Aug. 9. Lord Wimbledon to Sec. Windebank. Eeturns his letter to Sir 

Portsmouth. John Harvey, who is not there. Is sorry to see so many persons 
attending a jom-ney of such charge and spending their victuals and 
money so unnecessarily, for they have been there a month. Does 
not wonder " that such journeys of our nation prosper no better." 
[E.vtract/rom Dojikstio i'urrcsp. Car. /.] 


1636. Vol. IX. 

Aug. 17. Lord Wimliledon to Sec. Windebank. Has received his of tlie 

God's iiouse in i(]th aud will give Sir John Harvey his letter ; he is so far from 

oitsmouti. ^jgjjjg gone that his people cannot hear of him. Could wish Harvey 

were departed, so man}' come daily from London to go with him 

that they fear an ill may be brought which as yet they are clear of. 

For haste of the journey they see little ; the ship is being unloaded 

of her ordnance, cables, and most weighty lading to search for a 

leak, she being a most crazy old ship. [Extract from Domestic 

Corrcsp. Car. /.] 

Sejit. 10. 21. Capt. Sir Thos. Warner, Governor of St. Christopher's, to [Sec. 
St. Christoi.her's. Windebank]. Having but lately arrived, is yet unsettled, and 
pestered with many controversies of the planters, which have slept 
for his coming. The Plough, one of the two ships which he provided 
for his voyage, and in which were 4,000?. of his own adventure, is in 
all men's judgment lost, with about 1.50 persons, the better part of 
the victuals, apparel, and ammunition, intended for his new designs. 
In his own ship there was great sickness and mortality ; not 20 
out of 200 escaped, about 40 having died, some near to 
him in blood, antl many of especial quality and use. Had intended 
to have " placed a colony upon Metalina," under command of 
his son-in-law, and for that purpose touched at Barbadoes (inhabited 
with about (i.OOO English) to raise the necessary volunteers. Could 
have had .500 able men provided with arms and victuals, had not 
Capt. Hen. Hawley, the Governor, opposed him, whose conduct 
Warner stigmatizes as obstinate and rebellious, and contrasts it 
with that of the Governors of "the other islands," where he found a 
willing reception and due respect. Could have effected his object 
by force, but forboi-e to do so, as it might have cost some blood. 
Leaves the justice of his complauit and Gov. Hawley's defence to 
" our Judges." 

Sept. 15. 22. Governor Sir Thos. Warner to the King. His Majesty's letters, 
St.Christoiiher's.which he obtained after the death of the Earl of Carlisle, have been 
received and obej'ed by all the Governors and officers of the 
'■ islands of this province," except Capt. Hen. Hawley, Gov. of 
Barbadoes, who refused to admit his commission in that island. 
Durst but briefly inform the King, having written more at large to 
Sec. Windebank aud the Eai-1 of Carlisle. May not press nearer 
His Majesty's roj'al ear without his Lordship's permission, or the 
King's express commands, to which he sh;ill willingly sacrifice his 
life and fortune. 

1 636 ? 23. Petition of Cajit. Anth. Brisket, Governor of Jloutserrat, to the 

King. Was made Governor by James, Earl of Carlisle, and has 
very lately obtained another commission from the now Earl. Has 
come to England to carry more planters and necessaries thither, 
where he is erecting a churcli of stone and brick. Prays for letters 
to the Lord Deputy of Ireland, to be admitted a contractor for 
tobacco at tho same rate as Capt. Warner aud others. 


16SG. ^'^^- ^^^ 

Oct. -i. 24. Capt. W. Smith to Sec. Windebank. Sends an exact relation 

Weymouth, of what lias been done to prepare the Black George for her voyage 
to Virginia. Incloses, 

24. I. Capt. W. Sraitli to the Commissioners of the Admiralty . 
Certifies his jiroeeediiKjs coneeruin;/ the rejxiir and other 
matters conneetid irith the Black Geoiye, v:hich is now in 
Portland Road, ivaiting to be furnished, luiih seamen, and 
carpenters, for the transport of Sir John Ilarvcij to Vir- 
ginia. Weymouth, Oct. 3. 

Oct. 22. 25. Sir John Harvey to Sec. Windebank. The Black Geoi'ge 

Weymouth, proved SO leaky that he was forced, after sailing about 20 leagues, 

to retui-n to Scilly, where he waited 14 days for a wind to take him 

to Portland Road. Will hasten to Portsmouth and inform him of 

all occurrences. 

Oct. 23. 26. Capt. W. Smith to Sec. Windebank. The ship intended 
From aboard for the voyage to Virginia, has been in such distress, that she and all 

Ship%he' ^ ^'^ ^^^'^ have undergone divers hazards of perishing ; at present she 
Black George, is near Weymouth. Will send a more ample declaration of her 
leaks and insufficiencies. 

Oct. 31. 27. Sir John Harvey to Sec. Windebank. Has with much diffi- 
Portsmouth. culty got to Portsmouth, and given up the unfortunate ship [the Black 
George] into the hands of the officers from whom he received her. 
A ship bound for Virginia aflbrds him the opportunity of a passage, 
but must leave his goods and company behind. Sends petition, 
whicii he desii'es may be presented to the King on his behalf 

27- I. Fetitian of Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia, to the 
King. Had victualled cd very great charge, the Black 
George prize ship), lent to him by His ilajesty, for IQO 
2)((ssengers for Virginia, more than 20 be: ng gcnl/rruen 
of quality, hut the cessel proving solealnj, ?'wx ri,i,>:f r^i i ued 
to put hack to Portsmouth. Prays, the ship not /,ciiigfit 
firth" royiigr, and lie having taken his passage upon a 
siiudlsliij, iioiu hound for Virginia, that order maybe 
given fir some speedy supply out of the arrears of his 
entertainment, in compassion of his greed losses. 

Oct. ? 28. Petition of Sir John Harvey to the Commissioners of the 

Admiralty. Eecapitulates the contents of the pi-eceding petition to 
the King, and praj-s that lie may not be charged witli the seamen's 
wages, the ship not being in a condition to go the voyage. 

[Nov. 27.] 29. Order [of the Privy Council ?] upon comjilaint of the creditors 
of the Guinea and Binney Company. A former order of 27 July 
1G35 is taken into consideration, and it is conceived that 3^. per 
ton on red wood, and 4.s. per cwt. on elephant teeth will, in three 
years, satisfy all the creditors. 



1G36. ^ ^^^•^-'^- 

Dec. 8. SO. Officers of the Navy to the Admiralty. Although Sir John 

Harvey gave bond for pajTnent of .50 men's wages belonging to the 
Black George, since her return from her intended voyage to Vir- 
ginia, no part has been paid, nor for three months before she entered 
into his pay. Request directions. [The foUoioing i^apers have also 
reference to this subject.'] 

30. I. Order of the Privy Council directing Sir John Harvey 
to 2Kiy the ivages of the captain, ofjicers, and company 
of the Black George, lately lent by the King to him for his 
transportationto Virginia; and as is just and reasonable 
that those tvho sent Governor Harvey to England should be 
ordered to repay the same " when they shall be convicted 
of their insolent p)resumption." [Although didy signed 
and scaled, thiis order has been afterwards corrected by 
Nicholas, and the last sentence added by him.'] Hampton 
Court, 1636, Dec. 21. 
30. II. Capt. Will. Smith to the Admiralty. Ans^ver to a cer- 
tificate presented^ by Thos. Hcddoze the present, and John 
Cade the late, Mayor of Weymouth , against him. Con- 
cerning his having taken the Black George into Portland 
Road, he being at sea upon the transportation of Sir 
John Harvey and his company to Virginia, by reason 
of a leak, and pressed car2')enters and seamen and bought 
, pump boxes for that service ; Jerome Hawley taking the 
whole charge of Harvey s afairs upon himself. 1637, 
Jan. 26. 
80. III. Jerome Hawley to the Admiralty. Ansiver to the accu- 
sations of Capt. Will. Smith [contained in the p>receding]. 
1637, Feb. 3. 
30. IV. Sir Will. Riissell to the Admiralty. Is entreated' by 
Jerome Haivley to ceHify that he has piaid the money due 
upon the sea books, to the company lately serving in the 
Black George, for which Sir John Harvey, himself, and 
bi-other gave bond. Through Capt. Smith, some of the 
mai till / -s nml-i fv rther irretences and demand that the bonds 
shouhl imi l„ ifirrii up. Requests directions. 1637, April 2. 
30. V. ThePrlry ('mi ndl to the Officers of the Navy. Direct 
that cdl persons pretending anything payable by virtue 
of the bond given by Harvey, Hawley, and others, be 
fully heard, and such order taken that nothing be cast 
upon the King that should be paid by Sir John Ha-t-vey, 
and that the bond may be cancelled. 1637, April 15. 

Dec. IG. 31. Extract of the will of Dorothy Wooll, of Clipsham, co. Rut- 
land, specifying tlie legacies bequeathed by her to Mr. Cotton, his 
two children. Mi". Mellowes, Mr. James, her friends in New England. 
Philip Johnson and Barthol. Storer are appointed her executors. 

163G ? 32. Petition of Henry Earl of Marlborough to the King. In con- 

sideration of his father, then Lord High Treasmer, who had taken 


1636? VOL. IX. 

extraordinary care for planting tlie Caribbees, releasing unto the late 
Earl of Carlisle his interest in a grant of those islands, a rent charge 
of 300/. per annum, to be issuing out of St. Christopher's, NevTs, 
and Montserrat, was conveyed to the petitioner's father, himself, and 
afterwards renewed to the petitioner's son. Although a great 
revenue has been received from thence, the annuity is more than 
eight years iu arrears, and he is informed that he cannot recover, 
because those islands are not within the jurisdiction of any of the 
King's Courts. Prays that the matter may be referred to the Privy 
Council, and all parties interested ordered to attend for his satis- 

Jan. ,5. 33. The King to the Governor and Council of Virginia. When 

Hampton Court, the colonies of Virginia were governed by a Company, a yearly rent 
of \2d. at least, was reserved to the King upon every grant of land 
of 50 acres. rents, by the dissolution of thi'"< '<iiii|i:uiv, have 
become due to the King, with those upon all gr.ints since made, and 
there has been as yet no Treasurer to take'cliargr of them. ' The 
King, resolving not to lose these rights and royalties, appoints Jerome 
Hawley, one of the gentlemen sewers to Queen Henrietta Maria, 
Treasurer of Virginia, with powers, privileges, fees, and allowances 
belonging to that office, and require them to administer to him the 
oaths of Treasurer and of Councillor there, and to give him 
precedence according to his office. Annexed, 

S3. I. Instructions concerning the revenue nf Virr/iniif, to be 
observed by the Governor and Council and all the King's 
officers and stihjects respectively. All 2Krsuns claiming 
Icmds to 2^roduce their titles before Michaelmas next, to 
the Treasurer, who will have them entered, and, eniify 
ti'hat lands and estates are already gra nhd und lli, niiis 
and other duties belonging to the King. Fntni-r gra ids 
to be first s^irveyed by the King's Surveyor General, v:]io 
will certify to the Treasurer the fines and rents to be paid. 
Bents, fines, and other duties to be paid to the Treasurer, 
who is authorized to appoint collectors. Fines and 
amercements to be certified every Quarter Court to the 
Treasurer, tvitli potver to the Governor, Treasurer, and 
two of the Council to mitigate tltem. The Trr.i^n ,rr f,> 
p>roduce his accounts to the Governor and V>'niicd 
annually before the end of March, to be artijird and 
transmitted to the Lord Treasurer of England. Hampton 
Court, 1637, Jan. 5. 

Jan. 10. Si. Sec. Windebank to Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia. 
Upon petition of Jerome Hawley, representing the loss of revenue 
to the King in those parts. His Majesty has appointed Hawley 
Treasurer of Virginia, and desires that he be forthwith admitted a 
Councillor, upon his taking the oath of allegiance, but not otherwise. 
Doubts not that he will admit Hawley to both places, and assist 
liim in advancing the King's revenue there. 



1C37. ^'^^•^^- 

Jan. li. 35. Jerome Hawley to Ed. Nicholas. Is to carry over some toils 
to Virginia, and send some deer from tlienee to tiie King. Desire.s 
tliat he will move the Lords of the Admii-alty for warrant to press 
a ship, between 100 and 200 tons burden, for this service. 

Jan. ? 30. " Remembrance for Sec. Windebank." The Gov. and Sec. of 

Virginia having made choice of Lieut. Robt. Evelin, for Surveyor 
of the Colony, vice Gabriel Hawley, deceased, they desire tlie King's 
confirmation. Sec.Windebank is requested to procure His Majesty's 
letters to that efleet, and also to signify to Jerome Hawley, appointed 
Treasurer of Virginia, that he shall not, by virtue of that office, 
abridge any of the profits or perquisites heretofore received by the 

Jan.? 37. "Brief note concerning Councillors of State, to be nominated 

by the King for Virginia." That Robt. Evelin, Capt. Christ. 
Wormeley, Rich. Townsend, and John Sybsye may be forthwith 
sworii of his Council, and Evelin continue to enjoy the favours 
granted to him by the King's letters of IS April 1634. 

Jan. 20. Minutes of a Meeting for Providence Island. The -James, ready 

Warwick Castle, to ])ut to sea for Association, having sprung a leak and put back to 
Plymouth, the Mary Hope to be prepared instead. The design lor 
Association given up, upon intelligence that the inhabitants had 
quitted it and removed to Hispaniola. Complaints against Capt. 
Wil. Rudyerd for selling the Company's goods, and unnecessary 
waste of powder, are examined, but it is resolved that he shall have 
command of the Mary Hope. Heads of letters and instructions 
are agreed upon. [Colonial Entry Bh., Vol. III., p. 289.] 

Jan. 20. Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 

Wil. Rudyerd, for command of the Mary Hope and passengers. 
[Minute, with this addition, '• according to the form of the commission 
for command of the James, as in the Book of Association." Thid 
hooh is not in the State Paper Office.] 

Jan. 20, Instructions from the Cornpan}' of Providence Island to Wil. 

Rudyerd, capt. of the Mary Ilope, bound to divers parts of the 
West Indies. To take letters, goods, and passengers to Providence, 
and there fit the vessel " for our further designs." Not to inter- 
meddle, in case of mutiny in the island, vmless requested by the 
Governor and Council. To seize Spanish vessels when past the 
islands to the southward. Concerning prizes and freight home- 
wards. Preparation of Camock's fiax. Distribution of negroes 
if a ju'ize Ije taken. Trading without licence. Search for commo- 
dities fit to grow in Providence. Power to consort with any Dutch 
or English ship ton for ton and man for man. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., pp. 112-11.] 

Jan. 2S. 3S. Governor Harvey to Sec. Windebank. Sends account of his 

James City, proceedings since the short time of his arrival. Has not time to " fall 

into particulars." Endorsed "Uec. 13 March." Incloses, 


1637. ^''^'^- ^-'^• 

38. I. Governor Ec/rvrij to fhe Lord-^ C'ommh.-^loncrs for Planta- 
tions. After Itaving found by danyerous experience, the 
insufficiency of the Black George, he and somefcv} of his 
company shipped themselves for Virginia, vhere they 
arrived on the 18fh inst. ; swmmoned the Council and 
rend Jiis commission and instructions at thechurrli if 
Elizidy'th City. The King's proclama.tion of pardon to 
all rrcrjit tlio^i' siiiriidly r.rempted, ivho had been aiding 
and (ihitting in the laic practices against the Governor 
has l.ieen published. Has appointed Commissioners and 
Sheriff.^ for the lower counties and Accomack, and sum- 
rnaned an A.ssembly to meet on 20th February. James 
City, 1637, Jan. 27. £ndorsed by Windebank, " Rec. 
13 March." 

Jan. 39. Petition of the owners of the Hector, of London, to the 

Admiralty. Have contracted for a voyage to New England for a 
plantation there, and from thence to divers parts in the streights. 
Most of the passengers had engaged their whole estates, and all was 
ready for the voyage, when the ship was pressed for the King's 
service. Prays for release of their vessel in consideration of their 
gi-eat charges, and that on her return, His Majesty will receive 
3,000Z., at least upon the goods imported. 

Fell. 9. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Proposition to Serj.- 

Brookf House. Maj. Hnnks, to go to St. Christopher's at the Company's charge. 
Lord Mandeville admitted to the share of adventure, formerly 
belonging to Sir Nath. Rich, deceased. The Earl of Holland 
informs the Company of the progress of the treaty with the 
Hollanders, concerning Providence, " for the parting from Avhicli His 
Maj'y was pleased to promise leave to the Company, it provino- 
hitherto a place of charge rather than of benefit." The King having 
been moved to retain the island, directs the Company to consider 
how they may be eased in their charge, or recompensed for their 
adventui-e ; Lord Holland's assistance desired ; resolved that propo- 
sitions be pi'epared and presented accordingly. A standing Com- 
mittee appointed. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 290-91.] 

Feb. 10. Minutes as above. Letters by the Hopewell read, and answers 

Warwick House, agreed to. Mr. Woodcock's proposals for falsing his men thither to 

be considered. Capt. Fowler, recommended by the Earl of Warwick, 

to be commander of Warwick Fort, of the Council, and have ten 

servants. {Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 291.] 

Feb. 11. Minutes as above. Letters from Providence read, particularly the 
War-wick House, planters' proceedings touching the mutinous petitions to the Gov. 
and Council. Bill presented by Patrick White for shoes for the 
island. The Governor having in his letter complained of great want 
of iron, some quantity to be sent by the next ship. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., 2X 292.] 

Feb. 20. 40. Act the 20th of the Assembly of Virginia, present Gov. 
James City. Harvey, Sec. Kemp, Serj.-Maj. Geo. Uonne, Captains Thos. Purifye, 


Henry Browne, John Hobson, Adam Thorowgood, and Mr. William 
Brocas, together with the Burgesses, for the appointment of an 
officer, to keep a register of all tobacco and other commodities 
exported, with a fee of 2d. per cask for tobacco, and after the same 
rate for other goods. [Certified copy, by Rich Kemp, Sec.~] 

Fel). 23. 4]. Report of the Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the Trinity 
Trinity House, House to the Privy Council. Have called before them certain 
Batchtt. I, lerchant traders of Newfoundland, who object to the propositions 
for convoy and security of their voyages, and much desire to state 
their reasons to the Privy Council. Are informed that those who 
attempted to settle there never thrived, as Lord Baltimore, Capt. 
Mason, [John] Guy, of Bristol, and other men, ingenious, and of 
excellent ]iarts. The country yields no timber. The Turks have 
nut visited those coasts for six or eight years. Special orders were 
granted three or four years ago [see p. 174. No. 1.] against robberies 
and such like ; and the western men acknowledge that there are no 

Feb. 2i, Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Order for dis- 
2(1, 27. charge of divers bills. Heads of letters for Providence agreed on ; 
rieston. nlso propositions to the King for the Company's encouragement. 
Divers members undertake to send 100 men by the Mary Hope, for 
better defence of the island. Proposals of Capt. Fowler; he is 
advised to stay till the next supply. Mr. Woodcock's request to 
take away his men and goods from Providence refused ; credit for 
l,.jO0?. to be given him. Concerning the return of the Blessing and 
Exjiectation. Mr. Woodcock to furnish the 100 men with arms and 
clothes at his own charge. Mr. Gossidge entertained purser of the 
Mary Hope. Mr. Woodcock's accounts. \_Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., pp. 292-94.] 

Feb. 2.5. 42. Cecil Lord Baltimore to Sec. Wiudebank. Has further 
Warder Castle, considered the proposition concerning the advancement of the 
King's service in Virginia, and desired his brother Peasley to 
acquaint Windebank with it. Is well assured of his own abihty to 
perform, with amjile satisfaction, what he undertakes. Proposes a 
way of moving the King in this business, which is most likely to 
take eftect. 'Thanks for care of his Newfoundland business. Will 
really acknowledge his favours. 

Feb. 43. Memorial of [Cecil] Lord Baltimore, " touching his right to 

part of Newfoundland." His father, Sir Geo. Calvert, late Lord 
Baltimore, having purchased a good part of Newfovmdland, obtained 
a grant from King James [sec p. 42, No. 23], and sent over divers 
colonies of the King's subjects to plant ; wiiere he built houses, 
erected forts, and placed Governors, as Capt. Winne, Capt. Mason, 
and Sir Art. Aston. His father afterwards resided there with his 
family ; employed his ships against the French, who then infested 
the place, and chased them from that coast. Has disbursed more 
than 20,000/,., but was compelled about six years past, through the 
severity of the weather, to remove, leaving a Governor with the 




Vol. IX. 

colony, who remained until the death of the memorialist's father. 
It is reported that some persons of quality have a design to demand 
customs upon all fish taken or sold in Newfoundland, which must 
needs trench upon his right. Desires that nothing may he done to 
his prejudice before his counsel is heard, and satisfaction given. If 
really for the King's service, will lay his rights at His Majesty's 
feet, confident tliat his great charges will be taken into con- 

Mar. 16-19. Minutes of a Cumniittee for Providence Island. Divers bills to lie 

Warwick House, discharged, but tiiere being no money in stock, the means of payment 

are considered. Bunds for payment of various sums of money and 

letters, instructions, and commissions for Providence Island, and the 

Mary Hope are sealed. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. Ill, pp. 2;)4^-95.] 

March. Instructions fi-om the Company of Providence Island to John 

Wells, master of the Mary Hope, bound to divers parts of the West 
Indies. To receive passengers on board. at Gravesend, according to 
list, also Capt. Wil. Rudyerd, at Plymouth, under whose directions he 
is to act, with power to follow Capt. Rudyerd instructions in case of 
his death. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 114.] 

March 1 9. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Dan. Elfrith. Have 
London, received his letter. Thanks for his care of the fortifications 
and advice for planting jirovisions. Conceive he has done very 
good service, and beg he will not be discoiu-aged by opposition. 
All that was concluded against him in the tumultuous proceedings 
about the petitions, has been nullified. Further time will be taken 
to consider Mr. Sherhard's business. Hope he will not think 
of coming home. Intend .some employment for his encouragement. 
It is hoped those troublesome distractions which have inter- 
rupted his comfort may be prevented. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. I v., p. 111.] J 

March 19. The Comjiany of Providence Island to Mr. Sherhard, minister. 
London. Have received his letter by the Hopewell. ProceecUngs about 
petitions fi-om the island, some of the principal agents have been 
sent for, to be examined. Many things seem to have been done, 
unwarrantable by divine or human law. The charge or inconvenience 
which he sustained through his wife going over, was not intended ; 
were not informed of his directions to the contrary. All his bills 
shall be paid, though they amount to more than will be due to him 
next term. Are very loath that he should leave the island, it being at 
this time full of trouble find discouragement. Hope he will stay 
till other ministers can be sent over. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 
IV., x)p. 111-12.] 

March 19. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Himt, Governor. 

London. Have received his letter by the Hopewell. Too many negroes in 

the island. Directions concerning them. Some to be transported 

to Virginia and the Somers Islands, '' where they may be put oft" 

to the masters' very great advantage." Suppose he made some agree- 



Vol. IX. 

ment with Capt. Rous and the master alwiit the pinnace. Those 
who " took up the Ravenett " to be rewarded. Shallops left at the 
island for public use may be employed, with certain ]irecautions, 
for taking Spanish vessels. Are loath to be charged with jjensions 
for any officers in the island; and prefer salaries to be in men, 
who increase the strength of the island. Desire his care for 
reserving freight for the Comi)any's ships, so that they may be 
enabled to send over magazines. Hope to send men, pinnaces, 
ammunition, and other nece.ssaries both al)le to guard the island and to 
make an attempt upon the enemy. Store of provisions to be planted. 
The King takes special notice of the island, and has very much 
enlarged the Company's privileges. A good account will be there- 
fore expected, particularly as " it may be very serviceable to some 
designs that are now thought on in this kingdom." He may very 
likely see some members of the Company, or those of very good 
quality, shortl}'. Mr. Leech's son, lately a servant to Mr. Johnson, 
to be well used. Commend the maintenance of justice and peace, 
and the advancement of the glory of religion. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., p. 110.] 

Mai-ch 19. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Bell, one of the 
London. CouuciL Have rcccived liis letter by the HopewcU. Promise that 
his complaints shall be fairly dealt with. Judgments against him 
for anything that fell out in the time of his government, have 
been declared void, and his goods and negroes restored. Con- 
cerning his carriage about the petitions. Capt. Rous and Mr. Rish- 
worth, the principal actors, have been sent for. Grant him liberty 
to come home by the first ship. Their vessels employed about prizes, 
unfit for the passage of women, or his number of negroes. it 
might be for his contentment to stay longer in the island. Do not 
think any servants sent over at their charge should be taken out of the 
island. Have always promised to reward his services with a certain 
number of men, and not with money or goods out of their stores. 
Intreat him to go on with cheerfulness, and give his advice and 
assistance for the good of the island. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. 
i7.,2J. 111.] 

March 29. The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Council. 
London. Are glad that the Blessing and Expectation have safely arrived. 
Further supply of men and ammunition ; some also sent in the 
Happy Return, under Capt. Newman. The island held to be of 
singular consequence ; necessity of keeping it in a state of defence. 
Hope the inhabitants will attend to their labours, and make a quick 
retribution of some part of the great disbursements. Have received 
a relation of differences, grounded upon a petition for depriving 
Capt. Elfrith of his places of Councillor and Admiral. Carriage 
of the jjetitioners very strange ; desire to hear both parties. Capt. 
Rous and Mr, Rishworth, who appear principal agents, ordered home 
by the first ship, also concerning former misdemeanors, for which 
Rous was put out of the Council. The factious should be sent out 
of the island or otherwise punished. Capt. Elfrith to be restored to 


Vol. IX. 

liis offices of Coimcillnr ami Admiral, " Ijeiiig deprived in so tmnul- 
tuous a way, we hold a meer nullity." Expect to be satisfied of the 
grounds of his dismissal. Directions concerning debts for the last 
store, and "stranger ships." Reserve for their own hearing, com- 
plaints of miscarriage in Capt. Bell's late government; whatever 
done against him declared void, and everything taken from him l)y 
virtue of any sentence at the Council table to be restored. Disap- 
prove proceedings concerning Latimer. If a man go over at their 
charge, not having agreed to remain in the island as a freeman, he 
must be received as a servant. Wonder they should be so forward 
to receive complaints Capt. Bell, 'that being the way 
not to compose, but to nourish differences." Desire he may be 
respected as becomes a man of his quality and merit. Case of 
Finchley. Not suitable with the gravity and chgnity of the Gover- 
nor to punish contempt v/ith his own hands, " unless it be upon the 
placein time of service." Greatly blame the Governor for allowing 
Spaniards to view the island. Reasons for misliking so many 
negroes in the island ; Association was deserted thro' their mutinous 
conduct. Further trade for them prohibiteil, with exceptions, until 
Providence be furnished with English. Whoever keeps a negro 
shall maintain a servant one day in the week upon the public 
works. Directions for carrying on the works. Hope the inhabi- 
tants will repair the church, and keep it in a decent manner, 
" being commended to Christians by the practice of the very Paoan.s 
themstlves." Take it very ill that the commodities of the island are 
carried away by the Dutch. Evils of such a system, and instructions 
to jirevent its recurrence. Assistance to be given to Mr. Lane, 
Lord Brooke's agent, in disposing of certain goods. No fort nor 
bay to have Dutch names, any so called to be altered. Rates upon 
which servants are now sent over. Wil. Woodcock's contract. 
Require returns of the number of men landed from various ships. 
Injustice and inexcusablenoss of a resolution to leave the island, in 
case supplies were not received by a certain time. Precautions 'inr 
defence. Regret that the fortifications should have been neglrcted 
and almost ruined. An officer to be appointed to deliver out the 
stores for the general works. Answers to many particulars of the 
records deferred. Alexander Bryan, the Marshal, under sentence of 
death for mutinous words against the late Governor, pardoned. 
Remarks on his case. Proceedings to be truly entered in the 
records ; some things wholly left out, and alterations made. Capt. 
Carter's commis.sion touching Henrietta cancelled ; he is recom- 
mended for employment in Providence. of one Vanlidttcn, 
a_ high_ German, for the Company's service, left to the Governor's 
discretion. Distribution of the stores. Complaint of want of fresh 
water may be supplied by digging wells or "pitching of ponds." 
Geo. Hartlett, " a lame and unserviceable man," may come home 
when he pleases. A person to be appointed to assist the Sherifl^ 
Concerning Capt. Hook's plantation. Permission to the brother of 
Mr. Symonds, the minister, to return home. Demands of the Brad- 
fords and Woodfall, the smith. Injustice of Mr. Downes' bills; 
if the Governor see cause, he should be removed from the 


1637. ^'"'•^^- 

Coiuicil, and his plantation and goods seized to satisfy those who 
trusteii him. The cotton engine to be delivered to Capt. Elfrith, 
and some land near the Black Rock restored to him. Would have 
his advice u.sed in fortification, and encouragement given him. A 
ma-azine lias been sent by private men, and .some quantity of iron. 
]lijpe shortly to engage a. minister, that Mr. Sherhard may have the 
more ease. Recommend (Japt. Rudyerd to their fiivour ; Chas. 
Darley may go to sea M-ith him. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., 
lip. 104-1 09. J 

March .SO. +4. Governor Harvey and Rich. Kniiii, Cleo. Donne, Fr. Hooke, 
James City, and Wm. Erocas, of the L'<iuni:-il nf Virginia, to the Pj-ivy Council. 
Certify according to instructions, the complaints upon oath, of divers 
passengers who have arrived in the colony, touching tlic unwhole- 
some victuals supplied to them on their voyage. Inclose, 

44. I. II. III. IV E.niinindtionA vonccruiiKj tlia victuals supplied 
to tlic passi'n(/ci:'< of the Geonje of London, hy Robert 
Page, Cape merch'int, on their voyage to Virginia. 

[March.] 4.i. Memorial of Cecil Lord Baltimore for Sec. Windebank, con- 

cerning Virginia. Sets forth his desire to do the King service, and 
undertakes to improve His Majesty's revenue from thence 8,000Z. 
yeail}', without laying any other tax or imposition upon the 
]ilantrr.s than what they do now'and most willingly will pay. For 
whic h service it is believed Lord Baltimore, at the King's command, 
would accept the government of the colony, with 2,000T. per annum, 
payable out of such improvement of revenue. 

[April ].] 4G. Petition of Jerome Hawley to the Admiralty. Is bound to 
Virginia in the Fiiendship, of London, now in the Thames, and 
Ciirries over the King's letters to the Government there. Prays that 
the seamen .shijjped for that voyage may not be pressed. Annexed, 

46. I. Lh'^t of names of the crew of the Friendship. 1637, 

April 22. 47. The King to the Governor and Council of Virginia. Con- 
"Westmiuster. siderations which led to former letters for increase and regulation of 
trade. Tobacco almost the only commodity returned from Virginia. 
Cannot but take notice how little advance has been made in staple 
commodities. Comparison with the Caribbee Islands. The colony 
brought to great straights in consequence. Is informed that they 
are not only supplied by the Indians, but by the J.)utch, who make a 
prey of the tobacco and crop of the plantations to the prejudice of the 
King's just duties and profits. All this proceeds from irregular 
government, want of providence, and covetous and griping dispo- 
sitions, and endangers the common good of the whole plantation. 
Has resolved, with advice of the Privy Council, upon better ordering 
and regulating the plantations. Desires them to consider what 
(piantity of good and merchantable tobacco they wiU undertake 
yearly to send to the jiort of London, having relation to more 
staple and honourable commodities ; what price and value they will 


,„o- Vol. IX. 


peremptorily set thereon ; and the places most convenient to bring 
it to, as to one or more appointed warehouses, from whence it may 
be carefully shipped, and " a particular " sent in every ship. Jerome 
Hawley is appointed Treasurer of Virginia, " being a business much 
concerning our revenue there." Strictly forbids trade with the Dutch. 
Requires them to examine every planter, to take an account how 
far each one has engaged his stock and crop, upon what debts and 
to whom, and to make a return to the Lord Treasurer, that some 
just course may be taken " to redeem these our poor subjects." Com- 
mands them to inform every |ilaiiti'r and owner of the King's reso- 
lutions ; to show them what iirlp^ tln-y have received to the loss of 
His Majesty's revenue, by li'sstiiin-' the ordinary duties almost one 
half taking off the charge of garbling their tobacco, and now lately 
the impost of that taken from London to foreign parts. If they are 
resolved to be the authors of their own misery, and refuse with 
fitting alacrity and obedience to answer the King's expectation. His 
Majesty will advise with the Privy Council to punish the refractory, 
and repair the loss which he sustains for their good. Expects their 
speedy answer. \_Cop)j.'] 

April ? 48. The King to [the feoffees of Jas. late Earl of Carlisle]. It has 

been noticed that the inhabitants of St. Christopher's, Barbadoes, and 
the other Caribbee Islands, have mostly planted tobacco to the 
neglect of cotton, wools, and other useful commodities which they 
had begun, and of corn and grain sufficient for the support of those 
plantations, which compels them to receive supplies from the Dutch 
and other strangers. Directs them to send to the several Governors of 
the Caribbee Islands a perfect transcript of this letter, with instruc- 
tions conceming the growth of their tobacco and the prohibition 
of trade in those islands, with strangers. Instructions on these 
heads, similar to those in the preceding letter, but no Treasurer 
is named. 

May 3. 49. Order of the Privy Covincil, requiiing the Attorney General 

to call in the patent granted to the Governor of New England, and 
to present it to tlie Board, or to the Committee for Foreign Planta- 
tions. [Draft.l 

[May.] .50. Minutes of proceedings in the Court of King's Bench against 

the Governor, Deputy-Governor, and Assistants of the Corporation 
of Massachusetts Bay, from Trinity Term 1()3.5 to Easter Term 
16-37 ; names of those who appeared and disclaimed tlie charter, and 
of those who, not appearing, were outlawed ; judgment given to 
seize the franchises of the corjioration, and take Matthew Cradock 
into cu.stody for usurping the Government. 

[May.] .51. Another copy of the preceding. 

[May G.] 52. Petition of Ambrose Harmar, of Virginia, to the King. For 

the government of Benoni Buck, an idiot, the first in that planta- 
tion, son of Rich. Buck, the late minister, together with his poor 
estate, having had the tuition of him and his brothers for 13 yeans. 


1G37. ^^■"•^^- 

Undcnvrltien, is the King's order granting the petitioners request, 
and refen-ing it to Lord (I'ottington, blaster of the Wards, to carry 
into effect. Annexed, 

52. I. Onhr i,f Fmx. Lord Cottington, Master of the Court of 
Wiinl-i, fitr fill- jiiiitioner to leave a commission under the 
Gi-i'dt >Si'(iI. dirertcd to tJie Governor of Virginia, to certify 
/./ till' l,/:,,tisiii of Jinioni Buck, the certificate to be returned 
to llii' Ciurt of Ch'niccry in England and directions 
rmirol thr Cnv rt of \Yards. 1G37, May 18. [Certified 

52. II. Ord,'r (f the Court of Wards in reference to the irreceding. 

May 20. 
52. III. Order of the Court of Wards concerning the patent 

(/ranted by tin: King to llarmar for the custody of Benoni 

Buck. June U). 

[May 7.] Petition of Cecil Lord Baltimore to the King. It was alleged by 

the western merchants, when their objections against the intended 
patent and jilantation in Newfoundland were heard before the Privy 
Council, that if the new patentees and planters were exempted from 
the jiayment of customs for goods exported, of the growth of that 
country, as was granted to the petitioner's father, it would prove 
very prejudicial to the western fishennen and merchants ; whereupon 
the King ordered the Attorney General to proceed by quo warranto 
against that ]iart of the patent. The exemption complained of 
having only been granted for ten years, which expired four or five 
years since, prays that the Attorney General may have orders to peruse 
the petitioner's grant, and report upon the state of that proviso 
in the jjatent before he proceeds to the quo warranto. With 
reference in accordance with the prayer of the jietitioner. Whitehall, 
May 7, 1037. [Domestic Car. I, Entry BL, Petitions, 1G36- 
1638, j). 7-1.] 

May 1 2. Minute of a Committee for Providence Island. Bonds for pay- 

ment of money taken up on the Company's account are sealed. 
[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., p>- 295.] 

May 18. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. John Pym's report of 

Brooke House, proceedings of the Committee last term. Propositions for the Earl 
of Holland to present to the King ; letters, commissions, and instruc- 
tions signed, and a ship sent away. Financial business so ordered 
" that the credit of the Company stands upright." The Earl of 
Holland is elected Governor ; Henry Darley Dep. Gov. ; Will. 
Wooilcock, Husband, and Will. Jessop, Sec. of the Company The 
election of Treasurer is suspended. A deputation to desire Lord 
Holland will h;isten the King's answer to their propo.sitions. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., To/. III., pp. 295-96.J 

May 25. 53. The Privy Council to the Governor and Council of Virginia. 

Require them to take effectual orders that the servants, goods, and 
cattle belonging to John West, Sam. Matthews, John Utie, and 


1637. Vol. IX. 

Will. Peirce, whose petition tliey inclose, sbonkl be qnietly left in 
tlie liands of those to whom they were entrusted, and any that have 
been seized, restored, until the charges against the petitioners are 
heard and determined by the King or Privy Council. Inclose, 

53. I. Pdit'wn of West, Mathcvjs, Utie, and Peirce to the Privy 
Council. Have been lately sent j^^'isoners to Enfiland, 
Peirce excepted, who came over a year ago, and ore now 
on bail. Pray that their distressed state may he taken 
i)do considemiion and a letter ivritten to Governor Harvinj 
by a ship now ready to sail, to restore their goods, servants, 
and cattle, seized by his orders. 

May? ')i. Petition of Cecil Loi-d Baltimore to the King. A tract of 

land adjoining Virginia, and called the Province of Maryland, in 
lionour of the Queen, was granted to hira in the eighth year of 
His Majesty's reign. Is informed that upon a representation lately 
exhibited to the King for renewing a Virginia Company, their 
request was granted, although His Majesty said that he would not 
have the petitioner's interest in Maryland any ways impeached, yet 
it is intended to infringe upon his government. Is confident the 
King will not give way to a thing so notoriously tending to his 
destruction. Prays that he may enjoy the full benefit of his grant, 
and that the Attorney and Solicitor General may have directions not 
to pass anything from the King in the intended grant of the new 
corporation to impeach the petitioner's government or interest 
in Mai-yland. 

Ma}'. 5.5. The King to the Commissioners for Foreign Plantations, and 

all other officers and ministers. Is informed by Lord Baltimore 
that some grants concerning foreign plantations, may pass the seals 
prejudicial to his letters jiatent for Newfoundland and Maryland. 
They are therefore commanded not to permit any patent, commis- 
sion, or other warrant for plantations or discovery near the pro- 
vinces of Avalou and Maryland, to pass, which may in any way 
infringe upon the rights or privileges of Lord Baltimore and his 
heirs, for whose better encouragement the King engages his royal 
word never to permit any quo warranto or other proceedings fo r 
infringing or overthrowing either of his patents. 

May. 56. Request of the Compnny of the Somers Islands for a warrant 

from the Admiralty to exempt from press the mariners of the Dorset, 
Jolm Flowers, master, bound to those islands with provisions for 
relief of the people. 

May. 57. Similar request for tlie seamen of the Gilliflower, Robert 

Dennis, master, bound to the Somers Islands. 

June i. 58. List of names of the seamen in the Unity, William Upton, 
master, who Capt. John Holison, one of the Council of Virginia, 
about to jtroceeJ to Vii-ginia, desires may not be jiressed. 


1637. ^-•^^^- 

June ? 59. Names of such of the Council in Virginia as are proper to be 

continued, and of such other persons as are resident in Virginia and 
fit to he called to the Council there. John Hohson is ready to 
return thitiier, and is also thought fit to serve in the Council. 

I June 5.] Petition of Sir James Hay, Archibald Hay, and Richard Hurst to 
the King. Are left feoffees of the late Earl of Carlisle for the 
Caribbee Islands, for letting the lands, collecting profits, and ordering 
the government of those islands. Complaints against some of the 
Governors there and diflerences between the inhabitants have already 
been addressed to the petitioners, and because reformation of things 
amiss in the government will be expected fi'om them, and they are 
not able to perform this duty, pray for a royal commission to some 
experienced persons, to hear and determine matters concerning those 
islands. With reference to the Attorney General to prepare a bill 
for the King's signature, containing the commission petitioned for, 
to Robert Lord Dalziel, Sir William Balfour, Sir Edward Littleton, 
Solicitor General, Sir Robert Heath, Dr. Rives, Sir Charles Harbord, 
Sir Henry Spiller, Sir John Wolstenhohue, Sir Abrah. Dawes, 
Sir John Jacob, Lawrence Whitacre, Justinian Povey, and Edw. 
Johixson, or any five or four of them. Whitehall, 1637, 5 June. 
[Domestic Car. I., Entry Blc, Petitions, 1636-38, _p. 91.] 

June 14. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Conference with 
Biocike House. Capt. Bell and Mr. Rishworth, having i-eturned in the Expectation 
on the 10th instant. Rishworth professes that the iniiabitants 
have a desire to go to the main, should a colony be settled tiiere. 
That Providence affords no quantity of tobacco nor cotton, though it 
wiU produce good quantities of provisions, and is strong enough to 
resist the wliole power of Spain. He is questioned concerning 
S] laniards lieiug taken on shore at Providence. Albertus Blufeild, 
mate of tlie Expectation, says there is a good harbour, a mile and a 
half in breadth, at the mouth ; that he was two miles up the main, 
and found the country overgrown with silk grass and a river 8 or 
10 feet deep, and 30 feet broad. [Coloukd Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
p. 297.] 

Jane 15. Minutes as above. Capt. Bell's account of the island. Provisions 
IJiooke House, wanted ; only small quantities of commodities can be raised. Thinks 
never more than 40,000 wt. was made in the island. No means to 
dress cotton. The ground overrun with gra.s.s, which makes men 
seek out new plantations. Things grow well on the hills where 
sheltered. Servants' times expiring, hands are wanted to clear the 
ground. Fortifications in a good state. The island may maintain 
1,200 men, if wholly set upon provisions, but 600 or 700 if upon 
commodities. The soil is hard, and rain sometimes falls three months 
togetlier, which makes the ground chillish, and commodities die, 
especially tobacco. Corn liable to be blasted with winds. Rats 
increase exceedingly through the people's negligence. Children 
thrive well. Cattle are fat only during the rainy time. Good 
water; salt may be made. Capt. Bell's propositions are read. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 'pp. 297-98.] 


1637. Vol. IX. 

June 16. 19. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Giles Mersh con- 
Brooke House, fesses that he sent the Spaniards on shore [at Providence] the day 
before he came off; he is directed to attend the next day with his 
journal. Geo. Terry is ordered to come home by the first oppor- 
tunity. Time mostly spent in private conference. Capt. Bell's 
tobacco to be given up to him. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
p. 298.] 

June 21. Minutes as above. A suit to be commenced against Giles 
Brooke House. Mersh in the Admiralty. Complaints contained in the infor- 
mation against him, viz., directing the Spaniards to be set on 
shore near Carthagena ; forsaking the Blessing, whereby she fell 
into the hands of the Spaniards to the loss of near 2,000Z. ; 
staying at Bermuda and appropriating money, the price of the 
Company's negroes to his own use ; spending the ship's best pro- 
visions on himself and mate, and giving such allowance to the 
passengers that very many died. Alb. Bkifield petitions for satis- 
faction for three negroes set on shore at Bermuda. [Colonial Entry 
BL, Vol. III., p. 299.] 

June 22. Minutes as above. Committee appointed. Mr. Rishworth's in- 

Brooke House, formation grounded upon a letter received from the Governor of 
Providence. The fortifications were repaired, and earth used instead 
of mouldering faggots. The order for restraint of buying negroes 
was general, although some were bought with leave. Tlie Governor 
requests a supply of military stores and a drummer. Of one 
hundi-ed persons put aboard the Expectation, but ten living. The 
Governor wishes his salary " might proceed another way than by ser- 
vants ;" and to have power to punish such as i-un away in boats. 
That ratcatcliers might be sent over, servants to supply the places of 
those whose times have expired, and cattle. Edbery, formerly driven 
into tlie woods at Henrietta by the Spaniards, and now employed 
in making salt for turtle, fiivourably recommended. Finance. 
{Colonial Entry BL, Vol. Ill, pp. 299-300.] 

June 2-t. Minutes as above. Unlawful sale of two negroes belonging 
Brooke House, to the Company. The large sums of money disbursed for forti- 
fication and planting of Providence, the discouragements received 
from the hostile attempts of the Spaniards, and the negligence 
and insufliciency of their own agents, are considered. For reasons 
stated at length, the design to be prosecuted with further supplies 
and adventui-es. Plans for doing so. Eleven heads of propositions ; 
one that a stock of 100,000Z. be raised, in sliares of 1,000^. each, to 
be paid up in five years. Payments to cease if profits of the 
adventure shall be sufficient to support the work, " as is hoped they 
may be within a j'ear or two." [Culunial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 300-302.] 

June 26. Minutes as above. The gunner and boaiswain of the Expecta- 

Brooke House, tion examined concerning the conduct of Mersh. Financial 

business. Information of Mr. Rishworth concerning the storekeepers. 


1637. '^'''"'^^- 

Mr. Billing's goods. Wil. Ashby and John Cox, two seamen of the 
Expectation, state that the ship was so near the Fort at Providence 
that Cajit. Rous came aboard ; the master might have landed all the 
passengers, but did not, " wliereby they lost near 40 men's lives." 
Account of goods laid out for negroes. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. Ill; pp. 302-30 k] 

July t. Mimites of a Court for Providence Island. The wife of Silvester 

Mr.l'viu'slloiise.Brooke, a mariner in the Expectation, petitions for her husband's 
wages ; also Goodwife Williams, whose son died in the voyage, 
for allowance for tliree dozen knives, em])loyed by her son in 
buving negroes. Finance. [dAonlal £ntri/ Bl:, Vol. III., 
pp. 304-30.5.] 

July 9. Commission to William Earl of Stirling, and others, touching the 

Caribbee Islands, granted to the Earl of Carlisle. [Minute, 
Colonkd Con-esp., 1007, Jan. 9.] 

[July 17.] Petition of George Menefie to the King. Has resided 17 years 
in Virginia, as a merchant of the Corporation of James City, and is 
agent for the estates of many men who live in England. Aims at 
nothing but the support of his family and the flourishing state of 
the plantations in A'irginia, and has paid great sums for tobacco 
imported to England. Is desirous to know upon what grounds he 
is commanded from his affairs in Virginia, to answer some objec- 
tions in the Star Chamber in England, where he has attended two 
mouths to his gi-eat prejudice, for which his conscience tells him 
he has not given the least occasion. Desires leave to return, not 
for fear of being found guilty, but because his principals, w^hose 
estates are of great value, depend upon him, and is willing to give 
security for his future appearance. Praj's that his cause may be 
referred to the Privy Council. With reference to the Attorney 
General to report how^ far the petitioner is faulty, when His Majesty 
will declare his further pleasure. Oaklands, 1G37, July 17. 
[Domestic Car. I., Entnj Bl: Petitions, 1G36-38, p>- 136.] 

July 23. 60. The King's Manifesto for establishing a general Government 

■WhiteluiU. ill New England. For prevention of evils likely to arise more 
and more, by reason of the several opinions and differing humours, 
not in the power of the Council of New England to redress, the 
King has taken the whole management into his own hands. His 
Majesty knowing it to be a duty not to suffer such numbers of his 
people to run to ruin, has accepted the resignation of that charter, 
and in hopes of repairing what is amiss, has resolved to employ Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges, who made the first discoveiy of those coasts, and 
understands the state of those coimtries, wherein he has been a 
principal actor. The King declares his resolution to provide for the 
future good of tliose adventuring in any such imdertakings, by 
appointing Sir Ferdinand Gorges, Governor, and commands that 
none be permitted to go into those parts witho\it Gorges' knowledge 
or licence, and directions where to settle. Liberty is reserved to all 



Vol. IX. 

those -who are joined in the surrender of the Great Charter of New 
Enghmd, and have grants for their phmtations, to go themselves and 
send such numbers as they may choose. 

July 24.. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Concerning 

privileges from the King, and how to use them for carrying on the 
work ; declaration for the foundation of a new stock, as proposed 
on 2-t June last, confirmed ; and letter requesting the Governor's 
[Lord Holland] assistance for accom]Jishment of the grant, signed. 
Giles Mersh allowed payment for goods and provisions, and main- 
tenance of the negroes at tlie Somers Islands, who are to be dis- 
jwsed of to the best advantage. The Secretary directed to reply to 
Cajit. Bell's request concerning his services ; not bound to make 
good his salary in money, but he may have men according to 
agreement. [Colonial Entry BJc., Vol. III., p. 30-5.] 

Aug. 6. Earl of Northumberland to [Sir Thos. Roe]. The West India 

The Triumph busincss doubtlcss the most hopeful and feasible design that can be 
in the Downs, ^^jj^^ ^^^^^^^ -j j^ ^^^^^^ y^^ foUowed as it ought to be ; it must con- 
stantly be pursued at great expense for some years, witliout ex- 
pecting a present profit. Doubts whether industry and patience, as 
well as money, is not wanted to perfect a work of that nature. The 
little encouragement given to trade makes all men ready to withdraw 
their stock from all parts. Fears they will hardlj' be drawn to 
engage in any new adventures, and it is too great an undertaking 
for a few well affected men to go through with. \_Extract from 
Domestic Corresp. Car. /.] 

Sept. ? 61. Propositions for a West India Company. No other advan- 

tao-eous way to make war upon the King of Spain, but in the 
West Indies. Some fit port in the Indies should be seized for a 
safe retreat, and the opportunity to invade by land and make prizes 
at sea. A stock of 2OO,00UZ. required yearly for five years, to be 
managed by a Governor and Council resident in London, and 
appointed by the King Boards of management to be established at 
Bristol, Exeter, Yarmouth and Hull. How to make the business 
well known and popular. Power to the ofiicers employed, to conquer 
and possess any part of the West Indies, to build ships, levy men 
and munition for war, and make reprisals. Terms upon whicii the 
conqviered lands are to be granted. The King is solicited to appoint 
a Committee consisting of Lords Conway and Maltravers, Sirs 
Thomas Eoe, Dudley Diggs, and John Pennington, and some lawyer 
to be named by His Majesty. 
Sept. 18. 62. Another copy of the preceding, endorsed liy Sir Thos. Roe, 
" Proposition for the West Indies prepared for His Majesty as a 
ground," with an additional paragraph in the handwriting of Roe, 
that one fifth of all mines and minerals, after deduction of charges, 
be reserved to the King. 
1637? 63. Demonstration of the right of tlie King of Great Britain to 

erect an English West India Company, witli an account of the 
profits and benefits to be expected. 


^^3^ . "^OL.IX. 

Sept. 19. G4. The Privy Council to the Governor and Council of Virginia. 
Hampton Court. Lawrence Evans, merchant, sent last year servants and goods 
ti> Virginia, to the value of 2,000i. ; but his fiictor dying on the 
vrjyage, the masters of the ships, Ric. Buckham, Robt. Page, and 
Wil. Smith, are represented to have embezzled the greater portion. 
Require them to find out wha,t fraud has been committed, 
and to afford Evans every assistance in the recovery of his goods. 
[Draft, tuith corrections.] 

Sept. 29. 65. Order of the Privy Council. Upon petition of the Earl of 

Datlands. Holland, touching the Islands of Providence and Henrietta, with 
other isles between 6 and 24 deg. N.L., and 290 and 310 deg. of 
longitude, referring it to the Lords Commissioners for Plantations, 
Sir Henry Marten and tlie Attorney General to consider whether they 
conceive all, or what part, fit to be gi-anted. [Copy, with corrections. 
The Court was at Oatlands on the Srd of Sejjt., tvhich date has 
hecn altered to the 29th.] 

Sept. 29. G6. Order of the Privy Coimcil. Upon petition of Geo. 

■Wliitehall. Menefie, setting forth tliat he has been examined upon the inter- 
rogatories exhibited against him in the Star Chamber, and that his 
plantation affairs in Virginia suffer by reason of his absence ; grant- 
ing him leave to i-eturn upon putting in security for 1,000^, to appear 
in the Star Chamber when required. 

Sept. 29. 67. Order of the Privy Council. Upon petition of William 
Hampton Court. Peirce, showing that about 18 months since he came to England 
from Virginia, and has answered the information against him in the 
Star Chamber, and will be ready to abide any order in the cause, 
praying for leave to return to settle his estate ; which is granted 
wpon his giving secm-ity for 1,OOOZ. to appear in the Star Chamber 
when required. 

Sept. SO. 68. The Privy Council to the Governor and Council of Vii-ginia. 
Ui>on security given in the Star Chaml>er, Wil. Peirce has licence to 
reijair to Virginia for the better management of his affairs. Desire 
that he be allowed full liberty, and to return to England at the 
time fixed for his attendance in the Star Chamber. 

Sept. 30. Similar letter for Geo. Menefie, merchant. [Minute, on same 
sheet as iweceding.] 

Sept. 30. 69. The Privy Council to Dr. Duck, Chancellor of London. John 
Teatly, clerk, in a petition sets forth that the late Earl of Carlisle 
conferred upon him the rectory of Palmetor Point, in the island of 
St. Christopher, which Joseph Moore has ever since enjoyed, together 
with another living of greater value, and ];)rays that Moore may 
render an account, having arrived at Plymouth with goods to a great 
value. Desire he will examine both parties with a view to arrange 
their diti'erences. 

Oct. 6. 70. Thos. Lane to Archbishop Laud. The piercing sight of 

iJarbadous. Lynceus and the long ears of Midas excellently morahze the King's 



Vol. IX. 

pierciiif^ apprehensions and deep judgments in affairs of their States. 
As a principal of the learned Commissioners appointed by the King 
to examine and rectify all complaints fi-om the plantations, Lane, 
himself a brother minister, sends an account of the state of the 
clergy in the colony of Barbadoes. Within the past Hxe or six 
years the people have built six churches, besides some chapels ; the 
care of the parishes is committed to some of the principal men in 
each parish, who are called the vestry, and have power to place and 
disjilace their ministers, and to allow them yearly stipends. Manner 
of levying the means to jmy the minister in his own parish. Com- 
plains of the general grievances of the clergy. The Governor 
chooses the ministers, and agrees with them as he pleases, " whereby 
we are made and esteemed no better than mercenaries." Taxes such 
as he believes were never before imposed by Christians upon the 
clergy, they are compelled to pay, " for the very heads upon their 
shoulders, for the heads of their wives and children above the age of 
seven." The parish clerks are maintained out of their means. 
" What can be expected where ignorance both of the laws of God 
and men doth domineer." Hopes his Grace will provide a remedy 
for these burdens. It is time for authority to set to her helping 
hand. " They live in the declining age of the world, wherein there 
is not to be found that youthful zeal of God's house M'hich was wont 
to eat up men." 

[Oct. 7.] 71. Thi-ee propositions concerning justification by works, faith, 

active or pixssive, in justification, and saving prepai-ation before 
union with Christ, which have divided Mr. Hooker and Mr. Cotton 
in New England. Endorsed hy Aixkhisliop Laud, " Rec. 7 Oct. 
] 637." 

[Oct. L5.] 72. The state of the three controversies touching the condition 
wrought in the soul liefore faith, the first assurance of faith from 
sanctification, and the active power of fiiith, now broken out in 
New England between Mr. Hooker, Mr. Cotton, and their folldwers. 
Arguments and proofs for and Endorsed lnj Arvldjivhup 
Laud, '• Rec. 15 Oct. 1637." 

Oct. ? 73. A relation of the manner in which persons are received into 

the congregations of New England. They make confession of their 
faith, and they give glory to God. Their conscience and conversation 
must be approved. In case of notorious scandal past, confession is 
to be made penitently. They covenant to obey the whole truth of 
the Gospel of Christ. 

Oct. 74'. Description of a mon,strous birth at Boston in New England, 

brought forth by Mary, wife of Wdliam Dyer, some time milliner in 
the New Exchange in London. Certified by Jolin Winthrt)p, gent, 
of the Massachusetts, who saw it. 

Nov. 11. 7.5. The Privy Council to Sir John Pennington. They are in- 
Whitehall. formed by Humphrey Slany, Nicholas Crispe, William Clobery, and 

R 2 


1G37. ^''"-■^^- 

others of the Gume:i Companj^ to whom tlie King has granted 
a patent for the sole trade to Guinea, Binney, and Angola, that 
John Crispe and others have set forth the Talbot to trade upon the 
coasts of Guinea, to take " nigers," and carry them to foreign parts ; 
he is therefore required to make stay of the ship and goods until 
further order. 

Nov. 13. 7G. Grant to James Marquis of Hamilton, Phili]i Earl of Pem- 
Westminstor. broke, Henry Earl of HoUand, and Sir David Kirke, of the Province 
of Newfoundland, bordering upon the continent of America between 
46 and 53 degs. North lat. Geo., the late Lord Baltimore, having 
left the plantation in no sort provided for, Cecil, his heir, having 
also deserted it, as have done several others who had grants of 
parcels of land, " leaving divers of our poor subjects in the said 
province living without government," this grant was made at the 
humble petition of the above. [Copy.] 

Nov. 1 3. Another copy of the preceding. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. LX V., 

Wesuninster. ^,^-,. U--27.] 

Nov. 13. Grant to Sir David Kirke of the whole continent, island, or region 
called Newfoundland. [Mim.ife, Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

Nov. 17. 77. Governor Harvey to Ptobt. Reade. His brother is well, and 

Virjiiuia. with the Governor at his house, but Avants Mr. Hawley's supplies. 

Hopes to find a very good opportunity to employ him upon a great 

business he has in hand against a neighbouring Indian, strong of 

people, in which the Governor will appear in person. 

Nov. 27. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Resolutions upon several 
Brooke House, propositions contained in their jjetition for jirivileges, presented by 
Lord Holland to the King, and referred to the Lords Commissioners 
fur Plantations, whose report, dated 21st Nov., is read. "A fair 
answer " promised to a request of divers of the seamen's wives of the 
Blessing, for an advance of wages. Capt. Bell renews his suit for a 
supply of men in satisfaction of his salary. [Colonial Entry Blc, 
Vol. ill., pp. 306-7.] 

Dec. 9. Minutes as above. Financial liusiness. Resolved to move Lord 

r.rooke House. Hcilland to obtain leave from the King for the Deputy [Henry 

Darley] and John Pym to stay in town at Christmas to attend 

to the Company's affairs. Discussion upon Capt. Bell's demands 

deferred. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., p. 30S.] 

Dec. n. JMinutes as above. Debate upon Capt. Bell's propiositions con- 

Erooke House, ceming his services when Governor in the island, for upwards of five 
yeais. He alleges that he had received near 25 servants short, 
about the value of 1,250?. Exceptions. The Sec. ordered to deliver 
them in writing with statement of his accounts. Finance. News 
brought that Capt. Newman was off the coast, John "Woodcock sent 
til the Downs with letters of instruction. [Colonial Entry Bl:, 
Vol. III., pp. 30S-10.] 


Vol. IX. 

1637? 78. Memorial from " tlie Customer of London " [to the Privy 

Council ?] concerning passes and passengers out of tlje kingdom. 
The oath of allegiance is administered by statute to all passengers, 
and the names certified to the Exchequer yearly. Descrilies tlie 
practice that has since been followed, until last year, when there 
was a proclamation to prohibit all passengers, but under six of the 
hands of the Privy Council. Mayhew then procured the grant of 
Clerk of all passes, and a new commission was directed to the 
officers of the Custom House. A proclamation is now made re- 
straining the disorderly passing out of the kingdom into America, 
and commanding that none of the King's subjects be permitted to 
go, without licence from the Commissioners for Plantations, and a 
certificate that they have taken the oaths of allegiance and of con- 
formity to the discipline of England ; returns to be made every half 
year to the Commissioners. The memorialist desires to know 
whether wives, children, and servants are to be permitted to go with 
those who bring these certificates for America ; how and where the 
returns are to be made ; whether Virginia is restrained to the same 
limitations, because most of those who go thither have ordinarily 
no habitations, can bring no certificates, and are better out than 
within the kingdom ; and from whom their- Lordships expect an 
exact account of all tlieir directions, the Customer of London holding 
himself liable only to see the oath of allegiance administered. 

1 637 ? 79. Petition of Eleanor Babb, wife of Thos. Babb, of Wapping, 

mariner, to Algernon Earl of Northumberland, Lord High Admiral. 
About four years since her husband contracted in TSiew England 
with Edward Trelawuy, then residing there, for goods to the value 
of 200^. ; but, having returned to England, he to pay the 
mone3^ Her husband has since obtained sentence in the Admiralty 
Court against Trelawny, who brought an action at commoi\ law 
against "her husband to avoid it, and obtained a verdict for 200/. 
Prays for protection, her husband being absent on a voyage to the 
Streights, and for maintenance of the jurisdiction of the High Court 
of Admiralty. 
Jan. 12. 80. Order of the Privy Council Upon petition in the name of 

WliitL-liali. tlie Governor and Company of London for plantation of the Somers 
I.slands ; directing that about 100 tons of logwood recovered by the 
Governor there from a Siianish wreck, may not lieconfi.scated, though 
brought into the port of Lmdun. [Bm/t.] 

Jan. 13. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Cinnndttee a]i- 

Brooke House, pointed. Several bonds sealed. [Colonad Eidrij Bl:, Vol. HI., 
-pp. 310-11.] 
Jan. 22. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island._ XTpon Capt. 

Brooke House. Bell's answers to the Company's exceptions to lend him oOL, that he 
might be more willing to inform the Admiralty of all he knows con- 
cerning the attempt of the Spaniards to take the island; choice of 
men is preferreil so that the island may be strengthened. [Colonkd 
Entnj Bk, Vol III., p. 311.] 


1638. ^'^-L^- 

Jan. 23. SL Order of the Lords Commissioners for Foreigia Plantations, 

Whitelieill. lieing a brief or minutes of articles for drawing out a patent for tlie 
]ir(jvince of Maine, in New England, which being approved the 
Attorney General is ordered to 2:>repare a grant accordingly. 

Jan. 29. 82. Governor Sir John Harvey to Sec. Windebank. Is informed that 

James City, the farmers of customs intend exhibiting a complaint to the King 
against him, about the bad quality of last year's tobacco. Declai-es 
that most of it was shipped before his arrival in the colony. Hopes 
the ensuing Assembly will prevent the like badness in future, by 
erecting stores in each countj^ where all tobacco may be brought to 
and viewed. 

Jan. 29. Minutes of a Com't for Providence Island. Letters brought by a 

Brooke House, ship from Virginia from Capt. Newman, dated 7 August, and from 
Lieut. Powell are read. The owners of the Happy Return desiie 
payment for her hire. Capt. Rous having been taken in the Blessing 
and now a prisoner in Spain, letters from him are read ; and John 
Pym acquaints the Company with what had been done on his behalf 
Capt. Bell promised a final answer to his late propositions on Monday 
next. Finance. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp- 312-13.] 

Jan. 31. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Accounts. Pro- 

Brooke House, pnsals for an extension of time to send the 500 men agreed upon to 
Providence. Fears that the island may be attempted by tlu^ 
Spaniards ; resolved to send a fui-ther supply of able men. Tiie Earl 
of Warwick volunteers to underwrite 2,000^. per annum for fi\c 
years in case the privileges and declarations lately petitioned for to 
the King are obtained. Lord Say engages to go thither in pei-son 
with some others of the Comjiany. Abrah. Blufield allowed iOs. 
per month for his services. 

Feb. 3. Examination of Capt. Bell's demands referred to John Pjin. 

Felj. o. Grounds of abatement offered by John Pyni upon Capt. Bell's 

demands, referred to arbitrators. Capt. Bell names his brother Sir 
Robert Bell, the Company John Hampden, but the Company refuse 
to be bound by the award " further than for so much as concerns 
their own particular." 

Feb. 6. Sir Robt. Bell and John Hampden not finding the business fully 

stated require the Company's exceptions in writing to Capt. Bell's 
demands and his answers. 

Feb. 9. The referees meet on Capt Bell's business, but after debate nothing 

is concluded. 
Feb. 12. Notice having been received that a warrant had been sent to 

the Vice Admiral for arresting Capt. Newman's ship, a declaration to 
be presented to the Eai-1 of Holland, stating if such be the case that 
the Company must let the whole fall. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., pp. 313-316.] 

Feb. 15. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. A supply of 120 

Warwick nien, with commanders, to be dispatched to Providence by the 

end of March next; that everything may be in a good state of 



1638. ^'^*^- ^^- 

preparation before any members of the Company arrive. Two 
pinnaces to be employed for defence of the island and afterwards 
for prizes. Tlie Earl of Warwick, Lord Brooke, and Mr. Darley, 
declare their resolution to go. Proposition that Mr. Cliancy and 
Mr. Rodgers be moved to divert their intended voyage from New 
England to Pro\'idence. The supply and pinnaces estimated at 
•i.OOOZ. The Earl of Warwick states that the King had discovered 
the arrest of Capt. Ne-wman's ship, and expressed much contentment 
at Capt. Newman's proceedings. These encouragements induce 
divers of the Company to promise new adventures. Letter to be 
sent to Providence by Capt. Vandyke, signifying that the Company 
are in treaty for a supply for the island. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., p2). 516-17.] 

Feb. 17. 83. Warrant for the Exchange of Southampton, Geo. Tytoe, 

Whitehall, master, manned with 32 men, named, to proceed on a fishing voyage to 

Newfoundland ; any of her men imprest to be forthwith discharged. 

Feb. 20. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Two pinnaces to 

Brooke House, be bought for defence of the island ; Will. Blufleld and others com- 
missioned to purchase them in Holland. Loi'd Brooke desired to 
invite Lord Fourbez [Forbes], well qualified for government, to 
accept a proposition from the Company. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., p. 318.] 

Feb. 20. S-i. Governor Sir John Harvey to Sec. Windebank. In favour of 
James City. Rich. Kemp, who in the late tumults, stood with an untainted zeal 

[Virgma.] ^\^^■^■^Q gj-jj^ fop \\^q King's service ; he deserves a gracious encourage- 
ment, and there is no stipend nor fee as yet allowed, for any part of 
his public sei'vice. 

Feb. 20. 85. Rich. Kemp to Sec. Windeljank. Found his entertainment on 
James City, his arrival, much shortened of what his predecessors enjoyed, but 
the time was unseasonable to move for redress. Begs that he will 
present the inclosed petition to the King on his behalf Next to 
the service of God, esteems that of His Majesty, the end of his 
Ijeiiig. I II doses, 

85. I. Pdition of Rich. Kemp, Secretary in Vire/inia, to the 
King. Being forced to receir< Lis , i,t,,iyn> i^t ,i,nl fees 
in tobacco, one half is lost ^< /'/'/(. Ihri>">i^' '/" >'i,ff''iilty 
of gathering in, dr. Is aUogether deprived ef 20 srrcants 
and cattle formerly allowed by the Company to the 
Secretary. Frays for a grant of a bill of store for the 
custom and imjwst of 20,000 Ih. of tobacco yearly, during 
the e.vecution of his office. 

85. II. The Governor and Council of Virginia to the King. 

C. rtif'i fn the truth of the al„,ve prlHinn. the Zeal and care 
if tlie ^,eliti,nier, and that the iier^j n isi l.s ef .■^^ervicnts and 
cattle, of great proft u-lien tobaeeo was worth l.s. p)er lb., 
core quite extinguished. James City, 1637, Dec. 12. 


1638. '^o^- ^^■ 

Feb. 21. Jlimites of a Committee for Providence Island. Instructions to 
Brooke House. Bhifield for buying two jiinnaces in Holland prepared ; and warrants 
.'signed for tliat jiurpose, for better security against the Dunkirkers. 
[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., p. 318.] 

Fell. 20. 8G. George Reade to his brother Robert Reade, secretary to Sec. 

Jaines City. Windebank. Mr. Hawley has not proved the man he took him for, 

L iigiuia.j |jf(yj,-)g neither given any satisfaction for money received of him, nor 

brought him any servants. Geo. Menefie has arrived with a great 

many servants, but Hawley is away in Maryland. Acknowledges 

many favoui's from Governor Harvey and Sec. Kemp. 

March 1. I\Iinutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Proposals to 

Brooke House. ]VIr. Rdgers, the minister, setting forth the situation, strength, 
fertility, and of the island, and offering encouragements 
for him to settle there. That men of quality will be admitted to 
places of council and magistracy ; that e\^ejy man transporting him- 
self and family with six men servants .shall be a freeholder, have 
land assigned to him, and a voice in choosing the government and 
maldng laws ; that they shall name their own ministers, and have 
the ordering of all Church aflairs, &c. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 

in, p. s\9.] 

IMarcli 3. IMinutes as above. Means of carrying on business. To 

Brooke House, petition the King for certain privileges. Similar commission to the 
Earl of Warwick's, but with additions. Allowance of 6,000Z. per 
annum out of the imports and exports from the island. Liberty 
to transport goods from thence out of England. Customs to be 
stinted from time to time. No Admiralty dues for prize goods. 
Licence to receive ten lasts of powder from the King's stores yearly, 
at the old rate. " That His Maj'y will countenance any of the 
Company or other persons of quality that shall go to the island in 
their own person to settle things there." Proposals of Mr. Doning- 
tmi to send over men to pi-ocure ores ; he finds specimens very 
rich. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 319-20.] 

March (). Minutes as above. Purchase of a ship capable of carrying 150 
Brooke House, men. Wil. Woodcock to provide 150 men by the end of March. 
2,500?. to be procui-ed before the Company engage themselves and lit 
commanders are decided upon to accompany the men. Capt. Axe to 
be nominated, who is desired to stay in the island until things are 
settled ; a course to be taken for securing the Company's debts, 
particularly from the Earl of Warwick ; and the rest of the Com- 
pany treated with, for continuing the former order nine j-ears, the 
undertakers having disbursed about 10,000?., and sent 300 out of 
the 500 men. [Colonial Entry Bl:, Vol. III., pp. 320-21.] 

March 7. Minutes as above. Capt. , Axe's account of Providence. The 
island mountainous, "the vallej's clay," the grass being much over- 
spread, and growing a finger's length in a night. The Spaniards 
value not the island, but look upon it as very offensive, and in four 
days may provide gnod strength to a.ssault it. Very strong in 


1638. ^^^''- ^^• 

defence. Will maintain 1,500 men, if kept only for provisions. 
Great store of hogs. Com will not keep above four months. Cattle 
thrives, and all poultry but turkeys. Fruit. Describes the Cape 
[Gratia de Dios]. As fair sugar canes as any in the world. The only 
clothes requisite are linen, shoes, and hats. The Indians number 
about 300 in 300 miles. The same privileges to be eontiniUMl to the 
undertakers, and three years to be added to those that remain. 
[Colanial Entry Bl:, Vol. III., pp. 321-22.] 

March 8. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. C;ipt. Butler to be 

Brooke House. Governor of tlie island if he will accept it ; Cajit. Axe to have 

command of one of the pinnaces, and Capt. Bardscy of another. 

Charges of the voyage. Mr. Tinge treated with about the hire of the 

Expedition. {Culonio.l Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 322-23.] 

March 9. Minutes as above. Consideration of the dillieulties nf raising the 

Brooke House, money necessary for setting out the pinnaces and 150 men. The 

pinnaces only to be dispatched with 100 men ; Capt. Axe desired to 

search the river for pinnaces tit for the service. {^Colonial Entry 

Bl:, Vol. III., pp. 323-24.] 

March 10. Minutes as above. Receiving encouragement in experiments with 

Brooke House, ores made by Mr. Donington, articles are agreed on with Mr. Tinge 

for hiring his ship to take over 1.50 passengers. Commif5sion for 

prizes to be granted to the master of the Expedition, upon certain 

conditions. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. Ill, p. 32 k] 

March 13. Minutes as above. Concerning the taking up 150 men by the 

Brooke House. 29th inst. Ill the bill of provision these items app<'ar : 2<»(l dn/. 

shoes, 100 doz. .shirts, 100 doz. linen suits, and GO ddz. stm/kings. 

The order for nine years is debated, but the conliiuiatiuu deferred. 

[Colordal Entry BL, Vol. III., /<. 324.] 

March ? 87. Petition of Cecil Lord Baltimore to the King. Desirous to 
plant an English colony in some pai-t of Virginia, the King granted 
him a patent for Maryland. Sets forth the proceedings of Claybourne 
and others against it by petition in May 1633, and the order of the 
Priv}' Council of 3 July following, iipon which the petitioner 
planted divers colonies at gi-eat charges to the benefit and security 
of the inhabitants of Virginia. But Claybourne has endeavoured 
since, by many urdawful ways, to destroy those plantations, and now 
whilst a prisoner, for contempt of the Government of Vii'ginia, has 
obtained a reference for granting some part of the petitioner's 
country to him, and for examination into some pretended wrongs. 
Seeing that his patent has passed so many trials, and that he hath 
expended a great part of his estate in planting that country, prays 
that the above order to leave the petitioner to his right, and Clay- 
bourne to the course of law, may be confirmed, and the reference 
upon Claybourne's petition revoked. That no gi-ant may be allowed 
to pass to him, or any other, of part of the petitioner's country, 
and that an examination into Claybourne's pretended wrongs, may 


1638. ^-•^^- 

be referred to tlie Governor and Council of Virginia, when it will 
appear that Clayhoiirne and his servants are guilty of piracy and 

March 16. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Agreement concluded 
Broukf House, -with Mr. Donington ; ordered to be engrossed. 

March 17. Agreement with Mr. Tinge sealed. Adventurers in the new stock 
to bear each liis proportion of what is due. [Culonial Entry BL, 
Vol 111., p. 32.5.J 

March 17. 88. [William Lord Maynard] to Archbishop Laud. Mr. Nevill 
Abhdon. has ah-eady told him of the intention of divers clothiers of great 
trading to go suddenly into New England. Hears daily of incredible 
numbers of persons of very good abilities who have sold their lands, 
and are upon theii- departure thence. Danger of divers parishes 
being impoverished. So much corn carried over that there will 
hardly be enough left in this great scarcity, to last until harvest. Is 
informed there are l^ ships in the Thames to be ready for that 
voyage Ijy Easter day. 

March :20. 89. Jerome Hawley to Sec. Windebank. Tlie Assenil>ly met on 

JaiiKs Tdwn, the 2()th Feb , and after a month's debating came to a resolution 

Virginia. ^^ reform the abuses in tobacco, from which he presumes gi-eat good. 

Far greater quantities of tobacco come from the Caribbee Islands, 

whence the like conformity should be gotten. 

Marcli io. Minutes of a Court for Pro\'idence Island. Bonds sealed. Order 
Broiikf llousf. ciiiieeniing the nine years agreed on. In confidence of some 
menibeis of the Company going over, 6,000?., new adventure, is 
underwritten ; Earl of Warwick, Lords MandeviUe and Say, and 
John Pym, l,000f. each, and Lord Brooke 2,000/. Mr. Donington's 
articles for sending over two provers sealed. Robt. Littleboy 
promised a free passage in the next ship, and liberty to dispose of 
himself as a free man.'" \(J,>hnu,d Eniry EL:, Vol. III., pp. .325-28.] 

March 22. 90. Gov. Su- John Harvey to Sec. Windebank. An Act of 

Virginia. Assembly has been past for regulating tobacco, both in quality and 

quantity ; " the contract sticks still ; " finds no inclination to 

embrace it in the colony: afraid of being reduced to the hard 

condition of the Bermudas. 

March 22. Minute of the late Council for New England. Grant to Edward 
Lord Gorges' Godfrey and others, of Dec. 2, 10.31, to be renewed. [Colonial 
M^^-tiVsfine]. Covvcspondvnce, 1631, Xor. 4, p. 38.] 

Marcli 23. 91. Dr. Edward Stanley tn Ed. Nicholas. Is earnestly solicited 
T)y John Osgood to write to him for a pass for New England. 
AVould not hinder Osgood in his journey, though maybe he that 
should do so would be his best friend. The bearer will pay any 
money due for tliis business. Endorsed by Nicholas, " Mr. D. 
Stanley, schoolmaster of Winton." 


1638. . V-'-I^- 

Miircli 2i. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Capt. Underbill 
Urooke House, entertained in the Company's service, on condition of a free passage 
for himself and servant, allowance of 100?., and victuals provided 
for one year. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp. 328-29.] 

March 26. Minutes as above. Capt. Butler to have a salary of 80?. per ann., 
Hrooke House, in Heu of 20 men in the island. Jo. Briggam offers with 20 men, ti> 

raise provisions for the maintenance of 200 persons. Capt. Axe 

declares, that he will have nothing to do [in the island] with Capt. 

Eliritb ; the latter to be recalled, and his employments disposed of 

[Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., p. 329.] 

March 27. 92. Wil. Hapgood to Wil. Watkins. Entreats him to procure 
with all convenient expedition, a protection for the master and 
company of the Charity, of Southampton, ready for a fisliing 
voyage to Newfoundland; 20 persons are named. 

March 29. Minute of a Court for Providence Island. Lord Brooke re- 
IJrooke House, quested to inspect the ship, which Capt. Butler conceives unfit for 
transportation of so many men. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., 
p. 329.] 

March 31. Minute as above. Bond sealed for payment of 624^?. to Hugh 
Brooke House. Hubliert, gent. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., p. 330.] 

March ? 93. Contents of the will of Sir Nathaniel Rich, concerning liis 

bequest to Thos. Grymesditch, of seven shares in the Soniers Islands 
Company, on condition of residing there with his family within one 
year; also the King's letter excusing Grymesditch from doing so, 
by reason of his continual attendance on His Majesty, and the in- 
fii-mity of his wife. 

April 2. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Letters received 

Brooke House, from Capt. Newman by the Happy Return. Wil. Woodcock offers 
1,800?. for the Company's part of l;(r lading. Concerning G.-il>. 
Rudd, he having broke and gone away witli 600?, entrusted t-i 
him in Holland, for the purchase of two pinnaces, on the reenmnii n- 
dation of Hen. Darley, Dep. Gov. of the Company. Ui)on con- 
sideration whether the Company might not recede from their 
engagement with Mi-. Tinge, Lord Brooke protests that he will not 
exceed 2,000?. for the present voyage. Liberty to Cornelius Wright, 
Hickman, and Jeremy Elfrith to come home. [Colonial Entry Bk\, 
Vol. III., p. 330.] 

April 4. 9 k Report of the Lords Conimi-ssioners of Plantations. XTpon peti- 

Whitehall. tion of Captain William Claybourne, on behalf of himself and partners, 
for confirmation, under the Great Seal, of the King's commission and 
letter for the quiet possession and government of the isle of Kent, 
in Chesapeak Bay, discovered and planted by them, and of whicli 
Lord Baltimore now seeks to dispossess them ; declaring the right 
and title, in consideration of a former order of 1633, July 3 [.scr 
ante, p. 169, A''o. 76], to be absolutely with Lord Baltimore; no 


1G3S. ''"-''^- 

grant of such places to pass to Clayljourne ; the violences coniplaiueJ 
of, to be left to the ordinary course of justice. 

April k 1)5. Another copy of the preceding. 


April G. Minutes of a Court for Pi-.)vidrnce Island. J»hn Arrat, carpenter, 

his wife and child, Ptoht. Abell, J..lin CIcrke, Edni. Fole, and Peter 
Tall)ot, sawyer, who were going to New England, declare their 
willingness to go to Providence ; conditions. Propositions of Capt. 
Axe ; 9001. to be sent to Holland for the purchase of two jjinuaces. 
Finance. [Colonial Entry Blc, Vol. III., f. 331.] 

A]n-il G. 9G. Richard Kemp, Sec. of A^irginia, to Sec. Windeliank. Sends 
I'oiiit Comfort p;ipers concerning the contract for tobacco. Does not think it will 

[\ irgima]. ^^^j. p^^^g j„^q effcct, if it depends upon the yielding of an Assemlily. 
People of late ai-e more given to affect good buildings ; scarce any 
inhabitant but hath his garden and orchard planted ; most endea- 
vour the raising of stocks of cattle or hogs ; the savages ever awake 
to do them injuries in the streightest times of peace. Of hundreds 
of people, who arrive in the colony yearly, scarce any but are 
brought in as merchandise to make sale of, nor can the planters 
generally better provide, when this year they cannot promise to 
themselves ability to purchase a servant next j'ear, nor until their 
crops of tobacco be taken down. Incloses, 

!1(i. I. T/ic Ktiii/'s j}i'iiji(>sif ii}ii.^ fo flu: Assembly of Virginia. Con- 
rrrniiiii ii cniil nirt for ti'lmeai, iJie cxccssive demands of 
iiiryrl,,! iifs f,,r tlirlr cDinmiiiUfies, and the quantity of 
ftiililii:/ ffi/.-ciis rcijni red for the province. 

I)G. II. Thi' first iiiis'irrr I'f ilir BwYijessesof Virijiniato thcKinq's 

9G. III. Reply of the Governor and Council of Vinjinia to the 
(iiisnx'r of the Burgesses. 

9G. IV. Ansiver of the Bun/esses if Vinjinia to the secemd reply 
of the Governor and^ Council. 

9G. V. The last answer of the Burriesses to the King's commands. 

April 10. 07. Pich. Kemp, Sec. of Vii-ginia, to Robt. Reade, secretary to Sec. 

JaiiRs City. A\'iudcliank. A levy has been raised according to instructions, upon 
all tiibacco in the colony for repair of the Fort at Point Comfort 
.and building a state house at James City, )iart of which tobacco is 
sent to England Vij- the bearer Geo. Menefie to sell, and with the 
proceeds to send over workmen to acconijilish those public work.s. 
Has received orders from the Governor and Council of Virginia to 
inclose a petition which thej^ desire may be ]3resented to the King. 

1 G3S ? i)H. Review of the old Acts of Assembly of Virginia ; also abstract 

of certain laws conceived by the Governor and Council fit to be 
enai^ted. Orders concerning Church government to be reduced into an 
Act. Former Acts concerning ministers, their tithes and duties, to 
be confirmed, Acts of 20 Feb. ] G35, for restraining excessive pur- 


1638. Vol. IX. 

chase of wines to be revived ; and of 4 Sept. 1 632 for inclosing ground 
to be con.sidered. Running away to tlie Indians, or trading with them 
without licence to be made felony. Constables to be established to 
prevent disorders and abuses. Taking away goods attached for debt 
to be made felony. Acts to be passed for laying out ground for 
merchants, liandieraft.snieu, and tradesmen in James Island ; for 
planting vines, mulberry trees, and apple and pear slips; and also 
hemp, flax, and other staple commodities. Against exporting cattle 
from tlie colony. \_Copy, certified by Rich. Kemp, Seeretary.] 

April 1 2. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. "Wil. Woodcock, 
Brooke House. Capt. Hastier, and Lieut. Powell, ordered to attend, to answer com- 
plaints in a petition of the seamen of the Happy Eeturn. Capt. 
Thos. Scott entertained in the Company's service ; to be Capt. of 
Fort Henry, have command of the regiment on the western 
side of the island, and be of the Council of War, &c. : John Forster 
to be his ensign. Valentine Holland and three others ordered 
to Holland to assist in bringing home the pinnaces. Mr. Saunders 
treated with as minister. Wil. Woodcock agrees to give 2,0001. 
for a portion of goods brought home in the Happy Eeturn. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 331-32.] 

April Ik Minutes as above. Complaints in the seamen's petition. Mr. 

Brooke House. Tinge's insurance for 400/., in case the Expedition should miscarry 

in her voyage to Providence, ordered to be taken in the name of 

Wil. Jessop, Secretary to the Company. [C'olonial Entry Blc, 

Vol. III., p. 333.] 

April 16. Minutes as above. Heads of letters to Capt. Elfrith agreed on. 
Brooke House. Capt. Butler to be Governor and Admiral of the island. Joiin 
Peck entertained as purser under Cai)t. Axe, or in any other service 
in Providence. Capt. Bell's cattle in the island to be bouglit iov 
the Company. Capt. Scott, accused of drunkenness and other 
misdemeanors, discharged from the Company's service. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 333-34.] 

April. The Company of Providence Island to Mr. Sherhard. Have re- 

London, ceived his letter and are sensible of the burden that he has under- 
gone. Mr. Ward now sent over, whose assistance in the ministry, 
it is hoped will be comfortable to him and the colony. Are content 
to raise his salary to 60?. per annum. Send him two servants with 
clothes proportionable. Cannot do as they would in matter of 
recompense by reason of their great charges and losses. [Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. IV., p. 117.] 

April 10. Commission from the Company of Providence Island, appointinrf 
Capt. Nat. Butler, Hen. Halhead, Sam. Rishworth, and Elisha 
Gladman to examine Rich. Lane concerning the employment of a 
magazine of goods of large value committed to him by Lord Brooke, 
of which no account has been given, with authority to seize his 
goods, servants, plantations, and debts in case lie has been negligent 
or unfaithful. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. IV., i\ 117-] 


1(;38. Vol. IX. 

[Ajiril IG.] Petition of George Griffith, merchant, to the King. Sets forth 
liiis great loss by sending men to the River Amazon, and planting on 
the coast of Guiana, through the Portuguese and the treachery of the 
natives ; and that the Dutch are likely to gain Brazil and parts ad- 
jacent, by which a great revenue in customs will be lost. The 
King's subjects were the first Christians who ever planted the 
Amazon ; the old Company does nothing therein ; is assured that 
no design is so liopeful. Prays for some speedy com-se to be taken 
to encourage adventurers to underwrite, that English subjects may 
be planted there before the Dutch or any other nation. With refer- 
ence to the Lords Commissioners for Foreign Plantations to order 
what is fit for the King's service. Whitehall, 1638, April IG. 
[Domestic Car. I., Entry BL, Petitions, 1636-38, jj. 272.] 

Ai»ril 17. Articles of agreement between the Company of Providence 
Island and Capt. Nath. Butler, appointed Governor and Admiral. 
To be allowed 661. 13s. 4rZ. per annum, and twelve servants, in- 
cluding three negroes. To have the use of the cattle left by Capt. 
Bell, if foimd to belong to the Company. After deduction of the 
Company's one-fifth of all prizes, to receive 1 per cent, of the re- 
mainder. To be brought home at the Company's charge, whenever 
he desires to return to England, and to be allowed SOl. in hand. 
[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. IV., p. 118.] 
A]iril 18. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Capts. Butler 
I!r.)nke House, and Axe desired to examine the provisions on board the Ex- 
jjedition " in regard the Hves of the persons now sent do principally 
depend upon the goodness and quantity of the victuals provided for 
them." Payments ordered to be made to Capt. Rous, Ensign 
Fitch, and Mr. Rishworth. Elisha Gladman appointed clerk of 
the stores and one of the Council of the island, and to have eight 
servants transported at the Company's charge. Mr. Coleborne 
entertained for the voyage, to be employed as a " Lieut, of some 
sort in the island." {Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., p. 33i.] 

April 20. Minutes as above. Capt Axe to be paid what is due for his 
B],)oke House, plantation from his brother ; articles agreed on with him. He is 
appointed commander of the gi-eater pinnace, the Swallow ; Capt. 
Parker commander of the lesser, the Spy. Lord Brooke not to be 
pressed to exceed 2,000Z. Oath agreed on, for the Governor and 
Council of Providence, administered to Capt. Butler, to be transmitted 
thence. [Colonial Entry Bh., Vol. III., jx 335.] 
Ajiril 23? Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 
Nath. Butler, appointing him Governor. [Minute, "in the same 
foi'm as former!}' granted to Capt. Hunt," see ante, p. 227. 
Colonial Entry BL, Vol. IV., pp. 118.] 

Ajiril 23. Commission appointing Capt. Butler Admiral of the Island (jf 
Pro\'idence. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. IV., p. 119.] 

April 23. Commission to Capt. Butler for government of passengers in the 
Expedition, bound to Providence Island. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. 
IV., 'p. 110.] 


1638. ^°^- ^^- 

April 23. The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Council. 
London. Have received their letter of 27 Jnly last. Send a good supply of 
men. Are sorry for the scarcity that befell the island ; susjiect want 
of industry to have been the cause. Every man to plant a certain 
proportion of provisions, including oranges, lemons, and other fruits. 
The terms of halves from the planters are " discharged," the Com- 
pany expecting only 20 lb. of tobacco per head. Every family to 
plant at least 1-50 lb. of tobacco per head yearly, or cotton in pro- 
portion. Prohibit the desertion of old plantations, especially about 
New Westminster, near the harbour, and Warwick Fort. The 
bounds of each to be settled, for which leases are promised. Em- 
ployers of laboui-ers on the public works. Negroes to be chiefly 
employed in that service. Sale of servants reproved. Council of War 
to be established. Benefit of prizes to the planters. Recommend fair 
means being used to bring in those negroes who still stand out, " their 
submission to be received courteously." Against partiality. Capt. 
Newman's imprisonment. The storekeeper discharged, and Barton 
and Woolsey appointed. No unnecessary officer to be appointed. 
No man under the degree of Councillor to be exempt from 
serving as a juror. Concerning .5 per cent, for the sale of planta- 
tions. Public instructions to be publi-shed. Recommend Capt. 
Butler, now sent over Governor, to their " acceptance and respect." 
A government house to be erected with convenient speed. In case 
of Capt. Butler's death, Capt. Hunt to continue Governor ; he is ap- 
pointed Commander of the Black Rock, Capt. Elfrith having 
requested liberty to come home. Recommend Jolm Ward, a minis- 
ter, to their esteem. Reasons for restoring Mr. Rishsvorth to the 
Council. Sam. Rishworth, his son, to be Clerk of the Council. 
Elisha Gladman to be also admitted of the Council. A large maga- 
zine of clothes, provisions, and arms sent over ; also a good 
number of servants. Distribution. Directions for clerks of the 
stores. Glad to hear of the increase of cattle. Iron and steel has 
been shipped for their use ; will consider about supply of bricks. 
Concerning Capt. Rous' plantation, goods left by Messrs. Floud 
and Johnson and Chas. Wettenhall's debts. John Baynes' account 
for ordnance carriages. Ph. Trippett's servants. Capt. Bell at 
liberty to sell his plantation and cattle, and to transport his wife 
from the island, " together with his Indian woman," and his 
negroes. Two weavers and a woman that spins cotton go over 
under Mr. Rishworth's care. Hope a way may be discovered to 
procure clothing out of the native commodities of the island. Strict 
inquiry to be made into the state of the plantation formerly belong- 
ing to Capt. Axe. Capt. Elfrith may bring his wife and negroes 
away. Employment of negroes on the public work.s. John Arratt, 
a carpenter, and family, go by this ship, the Expedition ; his agi-ee- 
ment. Capt. Butler has taken his oath ; that for the Council is 
written at length. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. IV., pp. 114-17.] 

April 23. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 
Nath. Butler, Governor. Mr. "Tinge's articles to be fully performed. 
Power to take Spanish prizes. Directions for tlieir disposal. Limi- 
tation of command of the Expedition. Immediately upon his 


1G3S. ^o^- 1^- 

ari-lval to read liis commission. To look after the fortifications and 
training of tlie men. Distribution of servants. To bny 100 negroes 
for the public works. Liberty to trade with Dutch vessels. No 
hostility to be attempted by the island, until well secured. A strong 
prison to be speedily erected for Spanish prisoners. Respect to be 
shown to the captains of the Companj^'s men-of-war. Military 
provisions delivered to Eli.sha Gladman. A powder house to be built. 
To examine, with Gladman, into Capt. Elfrith's complaints. To 
treat with a German [Van Botten is named in the margin] at Provi- 
dence, who professes much skill in fortifications ; power to employ 
and reward him. Lieut. Coleborne recommended for employment 
as Lieut, of one of the chief forts. In case Piovidence is taken, to 
set down the men at Cape Gratia de Dios, where the servants are 
to be employed in clearing Camock's flax, and procuring other com- 
modities. Otiensive carriage towards the Indians to be restrained. 
[Colonial E at ru Bl:, Vol. IV., pp. 119-2L] 

April 23 ? Instructions for Thos. Clerk, master of the Expedition, bound to 
Pi'ovidence. Chiefly in reference to the taking and disposal of 
Spanish prizes. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. IV., pp. 121-22.] 

Ajivii 23. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Elfrith. Have re- 
Lomlou. ceived his lettei's, and consent to liis leaving the island. Freely 
discharge iiim from his command of the Black Rock, the place of 
Admiral, and his other employments. Being unable to depend upon 
him, these appointments have been conferred upon others. Refer 
his complaints to Capt. Butler, the Governor, and Elisha Gladman. 
Liberty to bring home his wife, and in case his debts are paid, as 
many negroes as properly belong to him. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 
IV., p. 122.] 

[April 23.] List of persons to whom servants were assigned in Providence 
Islam] by the Expedition ; the number of servants follows 
each name. There are 33 ptxssengers, including Capt. Butler and 
jilanters, to wh<im 131 servants are assigned. [Colonial Entry Bk., 


April 2 k 90. List of the names of 110 passengers intended for New Eng- 
Southanipton. land, in the Confidence of London, of 200 tons, John Jobson, 

master. Made by virtue of the Lord Treasurer's warrant of 

11 April 1638. 

Ajiril 1'). Minutes of a Committee for Pro\'idence Island. Mrs. Wi\a-d being 

Brooke House, solicitous for her husband's release from " this voj-age," letter to 

be written to Capt. Butler. Complaints of tlie seamen of the 

Happy Return answered by Capt. Hastier and Lieut. Powell. 

[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. Ill, pp. 335-30.] 

April 30. IMinutes as above. Concerning the hire of the Mary Hope, and 
Biuoke House, jiropositions liv Mr. Dike. Certain ]iavments ordered to the seamen 
of the Happy' Return. [Colonial Entry Bl., Vol. Ill, p. 330.] 

April? TOO. Remonstrance of divers of the principal planters in Virginia 

and others that have long continued in that plantation, touching the 


JG.38. ^'-'^•^-^• 

cmitvaet. i-iropused l>y Lord Goring and others, the King's agiaits for 
the regulation of tobacco. 

May 2. lOL Sir John Oglander to ArchliLshop Land. In obedience to 

r,^,i'^"'-'',v''^"*-i '''* letter of 17 April, sends certificate of provisions which were 
L^L-o 'S "J- found, after a diligent search, prepared to V)e transported to New 

England, and of which ho has made sta}'. Requests further 

directions. Incloses, 

lOL I. Rrfin-ii hij Jiimes Alexander, constable, of provisions 
foil ml in ilir houses of John Bummer of StuathViuii fir 
Ills son Thomas Dammer, going to New Eiii/la mJ ; of 
Thomas Dunimer of Chlchenivcll, for his hruth< ,■ Hirlm ,',l. 
Dummer rjoliuj thence, and of Stephen liiiniinrr i<f 
ToiniehlJl for hinv<:Jf vife and rhildren, all going to 
Xrin England. Son tha.nplon, liiSH, April -25. 

May 3. Minute of a Court for Providence IslamL Election of ofiicers 

Bi-ooke House, deferred, because of the paucity of adventurers iiresent ; in the 
mean time the patent to be read, and the time of election con- 
sidered. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., p. 337.] 

May -!•. ilinutes as above. Letters read from Capt. Butler from the 

Brooke House. Downs. A surgeon's chest and other supplies ordered in conse- 
quence, to be sent bv the next ship. Agreement with Lieut. Wil. 
Woodcock. {Colonial Entry BL, Vol. Ill, p. 337.] 

May i. 102. Order of the Privy Council, of reference to the agents for 

tobacco, upon petition of the planters of Virginia complaining of a 
prohibition of trade, except to some particular men there, and 
praying to be left to a free ti-ade upon paj-ment of customs as 

May 4. Notes by Nicholas of proceedings in the Star Chamber. (Jrder to 

Inner Star the Guinea Company to stay the English men and ships until they 
Chamber, g-,^^^ ^^^^^j ^^^ ^^ ^^ j.^ Guinea without leave of the Board ; Mr. 

Secretary to represent this to the King. [E.vtract from Note Bool', 

1638, May. Domestic Corresp. Car. /.] 

May ."). lo:]. Warrant to tlie Marshal of the Admiralty to stay tlie Star 

Whitehall, of London and other ships set forth by Maurice Thompson, Oliver 

Clobery, Oliver Read, George Lewine, and others, for trade to 

Guinea and Binney, contrary to the patent o-ranted to the Company. 

[Braft, with corrections.] 

May G. Order of the Privy Council. ]^,tauriee Thomp.son, Oliver Cloliery, 

and Oliver Read, of Loudon, mercliants, and George Lewine, of 
Redritfe [Rotherhithe], mariner, ujjon complaint of the Guinea 
merchants, to remain in the custody of a me.ssenger till they be 
discharged. [Braft. COMESTIC Corrcsp. Car. /.] 

May S. lOk .Jerome Hawley to Sec. Windeliank. Arrival of aDutcli sliip 

James Town, witJ, commission from the young Queen of Sweden, which with 

"°'""" another vessel, was bound for Delaware Bay, where they pretend to 


1G38. _ ^«'" I^- 

make a lilautation and pbiiit toliacco as tlie Dutcli have already doue 
iu Hudst)n's Kiver. Thinks they should be removed and prevented 
from seating upon the King's territories, and suggests that it might 
be done by means of some English trading vessels. The King's 
revenue from the colony will serve to defray the Governor's pension 
of 1 ,000?. per annum. Complains that he has not yet made the value 
of ol. towards his charges. Endorsed, " Rec. 26 July." Incloses, 

lOi. I. Draft of ivarrant for settlement of the fees of Jerome 
Huviey as Treasurer of Virginia, for wliich he desires 
Sec. Windehanl- vjillmove the King. [In Hawley's hand.] 

May S. 105. Lord Goring, Abrah. Dawes, Jo. Jacob, and Edmond Peisley, 

Commissioners for tobacco, to the Privy Council. Report upon 
pt'tilion of the planters of Virginia. The price offered for their 
Iii1kk-co far exceeds other times; believe that few of the planters 
will justify the petitioners' complaint. Desire that those planters 
whu are grieved may make themselves known. 

May? 106. Petition of Ed. Agard, Jo. Trussell, Jo. Roberts, and Wm. 

Gibson, for themselves and many thousand distres.sed planters in 
Virginia, to the Privy Council. Have attended Lord Goring, 
according to directions, who answers he will not meddle, and " com- 
mands them to proceed, &c." Pray that the King's loss in customs, 
and the miseries occasioned by the patent, excluding the utterance of 
tobacco imported, may be taken into consideration and relief 
afforded them. 

May 8. Minute of a Court for Providence Island. John Pym chosen 

Brooke House. De])uty Governor of the Company, and the oath written at length, 

admmistered. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., jrp- 338.] 

May 10. 107. Pass for Thomas Hawkins of Whitechapel, carpenter, to go 

to New England. Signed hy si.c of the Privy Council. 

May l-i. 1 08. Warrant to the Marshal of the Admiralty for discharge of the 

Star of London with all the men and goods belonging to her, that 
she may proceed in her intended voyage [to Guinea and Bimiey]. 
[Sec ante, ^^o. 103.] 

May 16. 109. Jerome Hawley to Robert Reade. Concerning some diff"erence 

James Town, Jj^ accounts between them ; has referred it to Mr. Kemp the 
irginia. Secretary. 

]\Lay 17. 110. Jerome Hawley to Robt. Reade. Account of the whole 

.laims Town, business toucliing his brother's affairs in the cdlony, and the 
"*="""■ money received for disbursements on his account. Since his brothei-'s 
arrival in the colony he has lived in the Governor's house, and wants 
for nothing. Will not fixil to do him all the service he is able. 
Disputes between Mr. Kemp and himself concerning precedency, &e. 
Proceedings touching Lord Goring and the tobacco business. 

Maj' 25. 111. Examination of Nicholas Trevyse of Wapping, mariner, 

Viefore Attorney Gen. Bankes. Was to go master of the Planter to 


1638. VOL.1.V. 

New England witli about 180 passengers ; Maurice Tlmmpsoii, Mr. 
Foot, and others, being partners with him. Received about 493/. in 
gold from one Hybbins or Libbins, to supply the wants of the 
passengers, but gave neither bond nor bill, nor paid duty for shipping 
it ; knows not where to find Hybbins or Libbins. 

May 30. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. The King having 

Brooke House, granted Capt. Bell's petition for referring his difi'erence with the 
Company to the Lord Keeper, answer to his demands ordered to 
be delivered. Letters read from Capt. Newman. Finance. Heads 
of letters and instructions agreed on for the voyage of the two 
pinnaces. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., j_). 338.] 

[May.] 112. List of the names of 61 passengers intended to ship 

themselves for New England in the Bevis of Hampton, of 1-50 tons, 
Robt. Batten, master, by virtue of the Lord Treasurer's warrant 
of 2 May, which was after the restraint, and they had been some daj-s 
gone to sea before the King's proclamation arrived at Southampton. 

163S? 113. Proposals for establishing a post office in New England, "so 

useful and aljsolutely necessary," and allowing 2d. per letter the least 
coin there ; the King to grant a patent for 60 j'ears. Also for keeping 
a register of all persons going to, or coming from New England, every 
passenger to be provided with a ticket at the charge of Is., as at 
Barbadoes, where 3.s. is paid. The profits of Ijoth offices would not 
exceed 12/. or 1-1/. per annum. Endoraed, " Mr. Battem." 

1G38 ? 11-i. Discovery by Archibald Henderson, merchant, of the jirofits 

and advantages that may arise to England from the trade of the 
plantations in America. Reasons why customs should be imposed 
upon the produce of New England, where 100 vessels are engaged 
in tradii'.g with foreign countries in ciuniiiddities requii-ed in 

June 6. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Allowance to tlie 

Brooke House. -wifV ,,{• Mat. Harbottle, master of the Spy. John Peck admitted 
one of the clerks of the stores in the island. Capt. Bell's request 
to see the letters he had formerly written from Providence refused, 
" for that they be the Compan3''s own evidences" in the matter 
before the Lord Keeper. Order concerning the payment of the 
seamen's wages of the Happy Return. Proposition of Wil. Clay- 
bourne ; agreement that he and his associates shall have a grant of 
incorpoi-ation for settlement of an island by them discovered, within 
the Company's patent, to be called Rich Ishind, in honour of (he 
Earl of HoUand. Conditions. [Vvlonial Enirfj Bl:, Vol. 111., 
/>/). 33y-40.] 

I June 10. Minutes as above. The Earl of Warwick, Lord ilandeville, and 

Brooke House. \Vil. Woodcock, declare they wiU share the charge of sending 200 

men to Providence in exchange for negroes. Conditions for the 

pm-chase by W. Woodcock of the Company's goods in the Mary 

Hope. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. Ill, pp. 340-41.] 


1G:18. ^'«- ^^- 

June 12. Petititiii of Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia, to tlie King. 
The colony in great want of arms and anmiunition, and the 
merchants very \in\viiling to jirovide them. An aUowanee of 1,000/. 
per annum from eustnuis t.f goods imported from Virginia was 
granted to liini. Imt is in arrear four years. Prays for warrant to 
die olKcers uf ordiwnirL^ tu deliver to the petitioner 150 barrels of 
puwch'r and l.COO muskets out cf the TcM'er, at the u.^ual prices 
]iaid ]<\ the King, and that the amount may Le deducted out of the 
ari-ear.s of 4,<H)()/. due to him. With reference to the Lord Treasurer 
and Lord Oottington, to certify their o](inions, upon which the 
King will declai-e his further jileasure. Greenwich, 1638, June 12. 
[Domestic Car. I., Entry BL, Pdlfwns, 10.30-3S,i>. 310.] 

June l(i. Articles of agreement hetween the Company of Pi-ovidence 

Brooke House. Islaml and Nath. Marston. He undertakes the place of surgeon in the 

>Swallow, bound thither, at a salary of SOZ. .annum. After his 

airi\al, when Capt. Axe employs the pinnace for prizes, to go upon 

shares. {Culonial Entry BL, Vol. 1 V., p. 134.] 

June 18. Articles of agreement between the Company of Providence Island 

Erooke House, and John Peck, appointed clerk of the stores in Providence. \_Culvnial 
Entry Bh., Vol. IV., p. 134.] 

between the Compan}' of Providence 
dcock, appninted Lieut, to Capt. Butler, 
^ [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. IV., 2^- 135.] 

.June 19. Jlinutes of a Court for Providence Lsland. Concerning the raising 

jiooke House, of money due for 18 months' hire of the Mary Hope, now returned. 
{Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., p^ 341.] 

June? 115. [Sir Fevdiuando Gorges] t.i [the Privy Council]. Desires 

that the general re.->traint against the transp(jrtation of peojile to 
the foreign plantations may be limited to ,sucli only as are factiously 
or schismatically inclined, and who principally go to the Massachu- 
setts Bay to strengthen that place, and as-sure their own end.s. 

June 20. 116. Sir Ferdinando Gorges to [Sec. Wijidebank]. Pieasons to prove 

the consequence of maintaining ajid su] porting foreign plantations, 
with marginal remarks [/■« tnrcrtcd cotnrnati] in Lord Cottington's 
hand. Points out that the Remans, Spaniards, kc. by these means, 
increased their territories. " Rcanans, Spanish, and l)utcli did and 
do conquer, not plant tobacco and Puritanii-m only, like fools.'' 
RcfJies to objections against these designs, on seditious and schismati- 
cal grounds, and sets forth the honour the King is like to receive. 
" \\ hat honor, if no ];rotit, but extreme scandal to the whole Christian 
world." Refers to the multitude of peojJe going over and taking 
])Tovisions and corn with them, but adds, the poorer sort always go 
provided only for the time of their voyage. " If they had stayed at 
li(jnie they would have labored in the Commonwealth for their 
sustenance, now we must labor for them." Means by which the 
refractory may be drawn to submit to a general Governor. 

June IS. 

Articles of agieement 

Brooke House 

•• Island and Caj.t. Wil. Wo( 

the Governor-General ther 


1638. ^^^■'- ^^'• 

June 27. Minutes of a C:>mmltt'-3 for Providence Isluu.l. Stiito of 

Mr. Pym's accounts batwecu the Conipaiiy awl Wil. VVooilroe'c on t!ie voya'^es 
"°"-''-^- of the Mary Hopi and the H-ippy K-turn. [r,,fo,n,>l E^dr^i Ul:, 
Vol III., 2^1- 311-42.] 

June 2S. I 17- Chib-ry to See. Ci)ke. Complaining of wrung.s 

London. and oppressions which he and hi.s partners suffer from Lord Balti- 
more's people in Maryland, who have wholly ruinated their ]ilauta- 
tations. The Earl of Stirling will join his mediation with the 
King for their relief 

July 2. Commission from the (Jompany of Pro\idenee Island to Capt. 

Sam.'iintinghim Vicf-Admiral during pleasure. [C'Jonlal 
E lit I'll Bk., Y<d. I V.\iK 131.] 

July 2. Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 

Butler, Governor, Capt. Sam. Axe, and Elisha Gladman, for examina- 
tion and redress of coun)laints and abuses made in divei-s letters from 
the pl.anters and inhabitants of the island. {L'ohnhil EntrijBk., 
Vol. I v.. p. 1-27.] 
July 2. ( 'ommission from the Company of Providence Island. The King 

ha\ing permitted the Company to right themselves in hostile 
manner in tie West Indies, upcm the ships and goods of Spanish 
subjects, Capts. Nat. Butler, Robt. Hunt, Sam. Axe, and And. 
Carter are appointed a Council of War for all matters concerning 
military afKiirs in the Island. {C'olonlal Entr>j Blc, Vol. IV., 
pp. 128-29,] 
Jidy 2. 118. Warrant for John Burnett of Aberdeen, the sole merchant 

Grconwich. of Scotland, who hath suitplied the plantation of Virginia, '-and 
become our tenant there," and his factors, to have free commerce 
with that colony. [Cupi/.] 
July 3. The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Council. 
Lonrlon. Have received their hotter of 27th Dec, with others from the 
inhabitants. Are very sensible of the want of ministers, who have 
been discouraged by the planters not contributing to their mainte- 
nance. Hope to send two by the next ship. Comijlaint of the 
discontinuance of magazines answered. Leave to trade with the 
Dutch. Instructions restraining men from leaving Providence 
interpreted ; " we never intending to make the island a pri.son to 
any men." A council honse to be bnilt ; cannot as yet send tiles and 
bricks. Capts. Axe and Carter appointed Councillors. The former 
Marshal was found fault with as a condemned man, but being 
pardoned, he may be continued in that place. Directions for pie- 
venting disorders by removing from old plantations. Cotton to 
be chieHy regarded, as more valuable than tobacco ; also stores of 
oranges and lemons to be planted. A Council of AVar established. 
Dislike of Capt. Newman's ].)ernutting the Spaniards to view " the 
pa.ssages" [of the island]. Have endi'avourfd to furni>h gunners. 
John Seberry to be encouraged to iviii:iin. A-icenirnt \\ith tli.' 
armourer to be performed. Persons nuniing away frdUi the isl.-md 
to be punished by tlie Council of \\'ar. Taking in n( negroes 
excused. Danger of too great a number. Hope shortly to send 


1638. ^'"'■•^^- 

200 English to lie exchanged for as many negroes. To two Englisli 
men in a family, one negro may be received and no more, for whom 
-iO lljs [of tobacco] jjer head is to be paid. Reasons. Negroes to con- 
tribute a double proportion to the works. Special care to Ije taken of 
the " Cannibal negroes brought from New England." Buying negroes 
from the Dutch. Liberty to pm-chase them under certain conditions. 
Difierence with Capt. Newman about his negroes. Suspect the 
Governor and Council were too much swayed by " some by-ends." 
Glad that the island hath such store of provisions. Cows will 
speedily be brought there. Goods to be issued from the Company's 
stores for commodities ; poor families especyally to be respected. 
Planting of cotton to be promoted, so that manufacturers may be 
.set uj) in the island, and the colony in time furnished with clothing. 
The storehouse and bridge to be repaired. Messrs. Woolsey and 
Peck appointed clerks of the stores, in the room of Isaac Barton. 
Their duties. Public charges to 1 le defrayed out of the revenue. Elisha 
Gladman, clerk of military and maritime stores. No cause for com- 
])laining of 2.5 per cent, profit upon the sale of them. Former scarcity 
occasioned by the planters' negligence. Directions concerning Ralph 
Leicester, Geo. Hatterell, Will. Smitli, the carpenter, and Randall 
Ince. Robt. Woodfall may leave the island if he wishes. Chas. AVetten- 
hall to be paid out of the tobacco, for keeping the fort. John Seberry's 
fine remitted, and his negroes and lands restored ; the transportation 
of his wife and chikken to Providence will be borne by the Com- 
pany, " he being a man useful in the island." If Peter Finchley 
will remain, he is to have the same allowance as other gunners. As a 
general rule, negroes not to be sold for more than they were purchased 
at. Commend Lieut. Brent's industry. Rich. Lane's services not 
thought worthy of much recompence. Law. Peterson has liberty to 
leave the island. Are ready to reward Wil. Stockdale's diligence in 
the advancement of Capt. Rudyerd's voyage. A plantation may be 
assigned to Jas. Smith, if he be a man of good government. Rice 
James and Wil. Painter to be encouraged to stay ; their wives will 
be sent over by the first opportunity. Hope of mines of good 
value in the island. Servants for ^Ir. Acton. Robert Davies and 
Nic. Hunter released from service, and at liberty to come home. 
Mr. Francis supfdied with servants by Capt. Butler's ship. An 
armoury to be built. Servants for John Randall. John Chesly to 
be suppUed, as soon as encouraged in the practice of surgery. Hope 
Phil. Trippett and Jo. CoUins will continue in the island. Have 
sent Lieut. Adcock fom- servants. Others will be suppHed as oppor- 
tunities arise. John Peck and Capt. Woodcock to be accommodated 
with lodgings and provisions until their servants arrive. [C'olovial 
Eutrii Bk., VnJ. IV., pp. 123-2.5.] 

July 3. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Nat. Butler, Go- 

London, vernor. Hope Le is well settled in the government. Directions 
concerning those who wish to leave the island. Intreat him to per- 
.suade men to stay, by all means possible. Recommend sugar canes, 
oranges, lemons, pines, and other fruits, to be planted "for the 
comfort and refreshment of the colony." Have contracted with 



Vol. IX. 

some merchants to deliver 200 English at Providence, and receive 
tlie same number of negroes in exchange. Liberty to purcliase 
negroes from the Dutch. Every year English will lie sent in 
exchange for them. A family of fourteen not to have above six 
negroes. The surplusage may be sold to the poor men who have 
served their apprentieesliip. Those turbulent spirits who threatened 
the Governor for suspending his resolution about admitting more 
negroes into the island, to be banished. Hope by the next ship, to 
" make a certain and full supply " of ministers, knowing them to be 
of great importance for the contentment nf the island. Air. Sherhard 
to "be encouraged by all ])ossible means. Direct a survey uf Cape 
Gratia de Dies. [Colonial Entry BL:, Vol IV., p. 126.] 
July :5. The Company of Providence Island to Jlr. Sherhard. Thanks 

],.m(ioii. for his pains and constancy. Have not yet been able to send a fur- 
ther supply of ministers. Hope he will still continue in the island, 
but will not press him, if his health comjiels his removal. Have 
recommended to the planters to increase his allowance, advanced 
him 20?. towards the discharge of his debts, and allowed him two 
negroes. {Colonuil Entry Bk., Vol. IV., f. 127.] 
July 3. Instructions for Capt. Nat. Butler, Capt. Sam. Axe, and Elisha 

Gladman, Commissioners for examination of abuses and complaints 
in Providence Island. Concerning the accounts of the clerks of the 
stores ; excessive expenses of some families in riotous feasting ; 
Mr. Downes' estate ; goods delivered for public services ; diiference 
between Capts. Hunt and Elfrith ; public works not paid for; 
apportioning of plantations, particularly of Isaac Barton's ; a family 
of 14- not to have above 50 acres. Mrs. Bell's fine and negroes. 
John Seberry's grievances and bond to Capt. Bell. Phil. Trippett's 
fine. Mr. Dowries' imprisonment. Matters at variance between 
Ca|it. Elfrith and Wil. Russell, concerning a iiiece of ground. Con- 
tract between Capt. Hunt and Wil. Scott, and the allowance due to 
the latter for his services as Secretary. Ensign Collins' allowance 
for tobacco. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 127-28.] 
Jul\- .0. Instructions for Capts. Nath. Butler, Robt. Hunt, and Sam. Axe. 

Concerning the " fyners or provers " of ore now sent to the Island of 
Providence, in tlie ser\'ice of the Company of Adventurers for that 
plantation. To search in the most convenient places in the island, 
particularly where now or lately stood " Michael Archer's kitchen." 
[Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. IV., p. 134.] 
July 3. Instructions for the Council of War for Providence Island. De- 

fence. Employment of public negroes. Liberty to set ships to sea, 
and appoint commanders for taking of prizes. Inventories 
of prize goods. Reservations for the Company. Employment of 
vessels taken by the Company's ships. Care of prisoners. A ]3rison 
to be built. Respect to the captains of the Company's men-of-war. 
Elisha Gladman, clerk of the military stores. Treasni-.'s and jewels. 
Cattle from Hispaniola. Yearly returns of arms and ;iiiinniiiiti(in. 
Military storehouses to be built. Certificates of .seam. us behaviour. 
Authority to purchase negroes at 150 lb. of tobacco per head. Their 


163S. ^'"-I^- 

employnu'iit. Punislimeut for desorting the island. Instruction 
fruin gunners. Rrprcssing mutinies. Es]iecial recommendation 
.if Lieut. Fiteli. KiupLiynient for Ensign Collin.s. [Culon'iol Entr>j 

BL, V<1 iy;i'r i:^:»-i"3<>.] 

July 3. Articles of agreement between the Company of Providence 

Island and Capt. Sam. Axe. To be Captain of Warwick Fort, 
appoint his own lieutenant, and have the free labour of four men. 
To lie one of the Council of AVar, and of the Council for government 
of the plantations, Avhich he may attend at his own convenience ; 
also Vice-Admiral, and have ] per cent, of all prizes. To receive 
40?. at once, and 30/. per annum for two year.s, besides 1,200 wt. of 
tobacco annually. To have a plantation assigned to him, the use of 
the Company's negroes to clear it and build a house, and seven 
acres of land near Warwick Fort, and to be allowed one ton of freight 
for every year he remains in the Company's service. [Colonial Entry 

July 3. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Ca]it. 

Sam. Axe, captain of the Swallow, bound to the West Indies. Con- 
tract with the seamen. Passengers to be taken on board at Gravesend. 
To sail direct to Providence. Seizure of Spanish vessels in the West 
Indies. Inventories of prize goods. Disposal and examination of 
prisoners. Spanish pilots to be detained. Defence of the island if 
attacked. Conference with other commanders of .ships. Prizes. 
Provisions. Negroes. Consortship with Dutch or English vessels. 
In case ore of value be discovered by the refiners, the Spy to 
be sent home with samjilcs. Eucouragement to stay abroad. Ee- 
victualling of his pinnace. Cliai-ges. S|i,'ui;sli letters and instruc- 
tions to be opened and sent horn.'; \L\,lu,,;,il Entry Bk.. Vol. IV., 
2Y>. 132 34.] 

July 3. Instructions fir Cajit. Nicli. Parker, captain of the Spy. bound to 

the West Indies. Almost word for wiird the same as the above, 
with the exception of the last three articles but one, which refer ex- 
clusively to Capt. Axe. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. IV, pp. 132-34.] 

July 4. 119. Report of Attorney General Sir John Bankes and R. Wan- 

derford, Attorney of the Court of Wards, to the Privy Council. The 
custody of any idiot in Virginia belongs to the King, and is in his 
disposal, according to the laws of England. 

July 14. 120. The King to Cecil Lord Baltimore. Has drelared his plea- 
UreunwicU. sxire that William Clobery, David Moorehead, and others, planters 
in Kentish i.sland, should not be interfered with, but rather encou- 
raged in so good a Avork [.sefi ante p. 191, Ko. 33]. The King under- 
stands that contrary to his pleasure, Lord Baltimore's agents have slain 
three persons, jiossessed themselves of the island by force, and seized 
the persons and estates of the planters. These disorders have been 
referred to the Commi.ssionei-s for Plantations. He is therefore 
connuanded to allow the planters and tlieir agents to have free 
enjoyment of tlicir possessions, without further trouble, uutil the is decided. 


.^oc. Vol. IX. 

July L5. 121. Report of tlio Su!) coiiniiittee for Foreign Plantations to the 

Privy Council. Upim petition of Capt. Sam. Matliews, late of the 
Council in Virginia, who complain.s of the unjust seizure, bj^ order 
of Governor Harvey, and sequestration of his whole estate, " the best 
in that colony," during his absence; declaring the proceedings of 
Thos. Hill, or any others there against Miithews unwarrantable, that 
they ought to be recalled and vacated, and rxpress commands sent 
to the Governor and Counc'l to cause their Lordships' former order 
of 2.5 May 1637 [.see uitfe, p. 2.52, Xo. -53], to Ijc i)ut in execution. 

July 27. 122. Report of the Sub-committee fm- Foreign Plantations to the 

Privy Council. Upon two petitions in the name of the planters and 
traders to Virginia. In the first, the petitioners complain of being 
comjielled to unlade all their goods at James' Town only ; the Sub- 
committee report that no master of a shin should break bulk until 
he arrive at James Town, but as the pnlilic sturehouse is gone to 
decay, the Governor, should be directed tu deal with some private 
persons to build other.s, to be let out fr that purpose. In the 
second, the petitioners complain of the iuipusition of a jiroportion of 
ammunition from every ship for public defence, of (j(/. a liead for 
every passenger taking the oaths of allegiance, and Id. for the 
registry of every hogshead of tobacco; the Sub-committee report 
that the first imposition should not be discontinued, but that the 
others should be suspended for the Governor's answer. 

[July 29.] 123. Order of tlie Privy Council. Upon petition of John Wood- 
cock, of London, merchant, who sets forth that lie has adventured 
the greatest part of his estate in Virginia, which he is in danger of 
losing through the death of his factors and some of his debtors; 
directing the Goveinor and Council of Virginia to be eft'ectually 
assisting him in its discovery and speedy recovery. [Draff. On 
the endorsement Sec Ct>l:e has ivritti'u that the bearer was tlie ])arty 
for whom he moved the Board for a letter to the Governor and 
Council of Virginia.] 

July. List of names of passengers bound to Pro\idence Island in the 

Swallow and the Spy. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 1 V., p. 135.] 

July ? 12-t. Petition of Jas. Earl of Marlborough, His Majesty's ward, to 

the King. Recites petition of his ftither, Henry Earl of Marl- 
borough [see ante, p. 242, Xo. 32], and comi)lains that his annuity is 
eleven years in arrears, and his estate in no way able to support his 
dignity. Frays that the present Earl of Carlisle may be commanded 
to satisfy the petitioner, and in case he lefuse or delay to do so, that 
the King will grant letters to the Governors of St. Kitt's, Nevis, 
and Montserrat to permit the petitioner to seize goods th.ere for 
satisfaction of his iirrears. 

[Aug. G.] 125. Petition ^of Elizabetli Cotterell, piixoner in the Mar.shaLsea, 

to the King. Was convicted at the last verge, where she has lieen 
] 8 month.s, although reprieved eight months since ; is desirous of 
being transported to Virginia. Prays that the King will sign the 
inclosed Vi-arraut. Indoaes, 



Vol. IX. 

12.1. I. WiirravitoSlr Eihnond Verney, Keeper of the Mar shalsexi, 

for Jrlivrru iif Elizabeth Coiicrell to William Flemim/, 
'^,nUn; in he 'iransi,ortr,l in Virginia. Oatlamh, 163N, 
Ah;,.G. [Copy. nnt.i;n,nl] 

Aug. 9. 1-6. Edward Earl of Dorset to Mr. Witlieis, Deputy Governor 

(if tlie Soiners Islands Company. Desires liim not to sign any 
deputation of tlie Sorners Islands for Capt. Chadoek, "for such is 
His Majesty's pleasure — for what causes I know nut." 

Ki.SS? 127. The King to [the Governor of Virginia]. Is willing to 

encourage Henry Lord Maltravers in his desire to ])lant some part 
of Virginia, concerning which letters were formerly directed to him, 
but it is understood they mi.scarried. Requires him forthwith to 
assign to Lord Maltravers such a competent tract of land in the 
soutlieni part of Virginia, as may bear the name of a county, and he 
called the county of Norfolk, upon conditions found requisite for the 
general good of the colony, and powers fitted for a person of his 
quality, with reservation to the King of a yearly rent of 20 
shillings. [Draft:] 

Sept.? 128. Sec. Windebauk to the Clerk of the Privy Council. Has 

been appointed, with the Earl of Dorset, to take into consideration 
the desires of Lords Malti'aveis and Baltimoi-e, to be secured fi-om 
any prejudice in their several provinces by the intended corporation 
of Virginia. An article to that purpose having been agreed on, he 
is directed to substitute it for the tenth article, set down in the order 
of 1st .July last, f )r futui-e govcnnm-nt of that colony. [Draft.] 

Oct. 20. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Upon the Earl of 

Brooke House. Warwick's motion, his two pinnaces, the Warwick and the Robert, 
now bound to the West Indies, to have certain liberties and privi- 
leges in all ports within the limits of the Company's grants. [Colonial 
Entry Bk, Vnl. III., j^P- 34.2-+.3.] 

Nov. 1. Minutes of the late Council for New England. Lord Maltravers's 

Lord Stirling's request for a degree more in latitude and longitude to be added to 

House. j^j,,Qn of lands agreed to, upon his declaring whether he would 

have it to the northward or westward ; also similar requests from 

Lord Gorges and Sir Ferd. Gorges. The Earl of Stirling's proportion 

likewise augmented. [Colonial Corresp., 1631, N'ov. i, 2^P- 38, 39.] 

[Nov. 5.] Petition of James Earl of Carlisle to the King. His Majesty 
granted to his father and his heirs, by patent dated 2 July 1627, 
the island of St. Christopher, with power to govern the ])lantation. 
make laws and appoint judges, and no causes determined tlnie liav.' 
ever been questioned in any of the f!ourts of Westminstt-r, but all 
conqilaints heard by the Commissiuners for Foreign Plantations. Is 
infoi-mcil that Fitzwilliani Conisliye is sued in the Court of King's 
Bi'iich, at Westminster, liv Francis Blount, administrator to Herbert 
J51ount, who died intestate in the island, for goods which Conisbye 


1638. v.'L. i-K. 

recovered there, in the onlinary established course of justice, and that 
the action is api)ointed to be tried this term, although the Kitit; was 
pleased to refer it to the Commissioners for Foreign Plantations. 
Because the Lord Chief Justice cannot take notice of the peti- 
tioner's patent, nor of the determination of the cause in St. Christo- 
pher's, and that if the acts passed there be requestioned in England 
at common law, it will tend to the extreme prejudice, if not subversion, 
of the plantations, prays that the action may be I'eferred to tlie Lords 
Commissioners for Plantations to settle some certain course for cases 
of this nature, and in tlie meantime that it be stayed from 
trial. With reference to the Lords Commissioners for Plantations, 
in accordance with the prayer of tlie petitioner. Wlutehall, 
1638, Nov. 5. [Domestic for. I. Eutrn Bk., Fditlons, 1636-38, 
/). 333.] 

Nov. 2:^. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Lord Keejier's repurt 

t-arwicU House, upon Capt. Bell's petition. The Earl of Warwick, Lonl Mandeville, 

and Sir Ben. Rudyerd requested to excuse the ("ompany from 

j'ielding to any examination as to the clear value of a servant in 

the i.sland. Reasons. [CulonUd Entrij Bl.:, Vol. III., //. 3-13-^4.] 

iNov. 23. Minutes as above. Mr. Wells' debts ordered to be paid. Letter 
\aruick House, addressed to Mr. Greenesmith, concerning goods claimed by Mr. 
Washbourne, on behalf of his wife, executrix of Wil. Woodcock. 
[Colonial Entry Bl:, Vol. III., p. 345.] 

[Nov. 24-.] Petition of James Earl of L'arlisle to the King. Upon a petition 
pretending the King was misinformed by tlie petitioner in his former 
petition [.sv'c ante, Kovcmhcr 5]. Francis Blount obtained a repeal 
of His Majesty's order of reference to the Lords Commissioners for 
Plantations, as he did upon the like fiilse suggestion of a former 
reference, and presses for a trial on Monday next. Is ready to 
justify all the allegations in his former petition, and prays that the 
Commissioners may hear the cause before the trial takes place. 
Underivritten, the King dii-ects both the Secretaries of State to call 
before them the parties concerned and examine the differences, in 
the meantime it is His Majesty's express pleasure that all proceed- 
ings at common law cease. Whiteliall, 1638, Nov. 24. [Domestic 
Car. I., Entrii Bl:, Pdlthms, 1636-38, p. 33G.] 

Nov. 2.5. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Letter to bo written 
Warwick to Lord Brooke touching tlie discharge of his deists. 

House. ° ^ 

Nuv. 27. 6/.- to l:)e lent to the wives of the seamen on board Capt. Newman's 

Nov. 20. Lords Warwick and JIandeville promise to bear a ] e 
jiart of the charge of sending 200 men to Providence in exchange for 
negroe-s. [Colonlnl Entry BL. Vol. III.. ^,p. 345-46.] 

Nov. 29. 129. Geo. Burdett to Arclibishoii Laud. Has lately seen a- sup- 
riscataqua. plication from Massachusetts Bay to the Lords Commissioners for 


1G3.\ Vol.. IX. 

Plantations, \vhirh seems to menace revoU and tlie erection of a 
new government, but the tnitli is tliey have long since decreed to 
spend their blood in maintaining their present way and humour, and 
are using all diligence to fortify themselves. Recommends that the 
river and harbour of Piscatacina, of which they are endeavouring 
to obtain the command, should witli all expedition, be secured for 
the King's use, and the port aiii)ointcd Ibr discharge of ships tliat 
bring passengers, in c;ise ai:y be permitted. This would much 
strengthen the loyal party, as many who go to Massachusetts would 
go there, but fur "difficulty of removal. Hears that the jVIassachusetts 
magistrates have received from England copies of his letters to his 
Grace, procured by Mr. Vane. Cannot believe it was with his 

1 G3S ? 130. Petition of John Whiting, Thomas Marsfield, Edward Hopkins, 

and .John Alcock and others, planters at Connecticut, in New Eng- 
land, to the Privy Council. Set forth that the plantations in New 
England are in great distress for want of provisions, especially butter 
and cheese, through the improvidence of those who went over to plant 
last year, and who have lived at the charge of the country ever .since ; 
and the planters in the new plantation of Connecticut in particular, 
who, by reason of the hardships they endured in the old plantation, 
removed thence in hopes of better accommodation, but the river 
being barred, they are deprived of su})plies enjoyed by otheis. 
Throngh the restraint of transporting provisions they can have no 
]-clief neithm- from the old planteis at the Bay, who have not a 
competenc\- l<jr themselves. I'ra}- for licence to export to Connec- 
ticut 200 firkins of butter, .50 weight of cheese, 400 dozen pair of 
shoes, and six dozen of tanned hides, without which the planters, 
to the number of 3 000, must tall into extreme miserv. Endorsed, 
" Denyed." 

[Dec. 10.] Petition of Edward Earl of Dorset to the King. An island called 
Sandey Island, iiear the continent of America, iri 44 deg. N. L., was 
lately discovered by one Rose, late master of a vessel wrecked there, 
who finding no inhabitants, first took possession. Prays for a grant 
of the island for 31 years, and that none may adventure there 
without his licence. U mlrrn-riHi'ii tlie Attorney General is directed 
to prepare a bill for the King's signature, granting Sandey Island to 
the petitioner, in as amjile a manner as St. Christophei's was granted 
to the Earl of Carlisle. Whitehall, 1638, Dec. 10. [Domestic Car. I., 
Eidrii liL, Pctliluns, 1638-40, p. !).] 

Dec. 12. ^linute of a Committee for Providence Lsland. Jlrs. Trippett to 

Warwick have the freight of her tobacco and her passage from Pi-ovidence 
''"""■'• respited, mitil her husban<l comes home. [('{ihnnal Entry Bl:, 


tes of a Court f.r Pr.. 

vid.iiee I>i,ind. Finance. Order 


ing the suspen.sion of Mi- 

. Wileox from his place of Husband 

to the 

Ci.impan_\', fir having ( 

lelivered goods to the late Will. 


ck, contrary to directii_'i 

J. For the sale of a quantity of 


Yoi- IX. 


sarsaiiarllla Lrou-lit from New EnglauJ, Pi-dpDsitioiis n^vw>[ to 
be uttered to Woodcoek'.s executrix for withdrawal of a, .niit m tlio 
Court of Reque-sts against her. The Sec. is reijuested to treat with 
her for the warehousiag of a q\iantity of silk grass. [Cvlonial 
Entry Bl:, Vol. III., pp. 340-47.] 
l(;:j,S ? !r>l. Petition of Capt. Walter Keale t.. I lie King. Sets forth his 

pretensions to the government of New P^nghind, His JIajesty being 
about to take it into his consideration. Has scr\ed in all the King's 
expeditions for the past 2U years ; commanded four years, and brought 
to jierfectiou the Company of the Artillery Garden. Lived three 
years in New England and made greater discoveries than were ever 
made before. " Exactly discovered" all the rivers and iiarbours in 
the iiabitable parts of the country. Exerted himself for the general 
good of the country, by reforming abuses. Has punished the cruelty 
of tlie natives, and compelled them to make peace, and is able to 
settle a staple trade of commo'lities, especially for buikling ships. 
Prays to be appointed Governor. {In Jan.. 1034, the King recom- 
mended to the Lord Maijor of London to elect Capt. Walter Neale 
C'lptaln of the Artillery Garden. See Domestic C'orrcii})-] 

1638? 132. Licence to Henry Lord Maltraver.s, his executors and ad- 

ministrators, for 21 years to stamp farthing tokens of copper for the 
fn-L-ign plantation.s, a distinction of brass or otherwise to be made 
for England, Ireland, and Wales, the transportation of gold and 
silver t^o the plantations being proliibited, and coin found necessary 
to prevent them from being totally driven to truek.with commodities ; 
reservation of the annual rent of forty shillings to the King. 
I'Sce ]6-3d,Feb. 16, j;. 290.] 

1038. Jlinutes by Archbishop Laud, of subjects upon which he has pre- 

pared reports to the King. Concerning the six plantations. Grants 
of otlices in reversion ; new patent otHces and monopolies : the 
execution of the King's former directions ; and trade and commerce. 
[E.dract from DOMESTIC Corr^sp. Car. /.] 

1638. Mem. A Dutch ship arrives at Jamts City with commission 

from the Queen of Sweden. The Capt. refuses to permit tlie 
Tieasurer of Virginia, Jerome Hawley, to take a copy, unless free 
trade for tobacco is allowed him, which is refused, as contrary to the 
King's instructions. The Capt. said that his own and anothei ship 
were bound for Delaware Bay, where tliey intended to plant 
tol)acco, as the Dutch were already doing in Hudson's Bay. 
[Minute. Colonial Carres^,., 1009, p. 3.] 

1038. 133. Note of Jeremy Elackman's charges for transi>orting four 

deer from Virginia, total ~i)l , including corn, and a place made of 
wood for them'to lie in. Has not put down anything for his care 
about tliem, which was none the less, although he could not preserve 
their lives. 

1638 Note that the Governor of N'irginia had 1,000/. per annum allowed 

him. [Colonial Corrcsp^-iCm^ 2'. 3.] 


Vol. IX. 

Mem. in tlie liamlwriting of Sir Jos. Williamson, concerning the 
contested rights of the Earls of Warwick and Carlisle to Barhadoes ; 
the former liaving sent one Capt. Hawley, and the latter Seij.-Maj. 
Huncks, to be Governors, each for himself. Tlie Earl of Warwick 
seems to have claimed as a trustee of the old Earl of Carlisle. 
[Ciiliini<il Corre»ponden€(>, Vol. I., No. 3.3.] 

Vol. X. 1639—1643. 


.Tan. -1-. 1. Order of the Privy Council. Upon petition of the owners of the 

\\ hitiluiii. Elizalieth, of London, for licence to transport to New England 

passengers provided with the certificate required by proclamation, 

also goods and cattle ; referring it to the Sub-committee for Foreign 

Plantations for their report. [Draft hy Nicholas, tvith corrections.] 

Jan. 4. 2. Order of the Privy Council. Upon petition of Walter Barret, 

■\Vlmiliull. Walter Sandy, and Company, of Bristol, merchants, setting forth 
that the}' have been many years settling a plantation in New 
England, which was begun long before such multitudes of people 
went over ; all they intend to send are regular people, neither 
factious nor vicious in religion; tlieir plantiition is apart from 
all others, and they desire now to transport 180 persons, to 
provide victuals for furnishing the .ships employed in the fishing 
trade upon that coast, for which they have built and made ready 
two sliijis ; referi-ing it to the Sub-committee for Foreign Plaiitations 
for tiifir report. [Draft hij Nlcliolas, ivitli curredlons.] 

Jan. ? .'>. Certain heads of a commission authorizing Sir Fran. Wyatt 

to be Governor of Virginia. To exercise the Government during 
[the King's] pleasure ; to continue the Council ; follow the direc- 
tions of the Privy Council of England ; and make orders, judg- 
ments, and decrees, according to the laws of England. In case of his 
death, the Council to assume the government. Vacancies in the 
Council to be tilled up by the choice of the majority. 

Jan. 8. Commission appointing Sir Francis Wyatt Governor of Virginia, 

with powers similar to those granted to Sir John Harvey, and 
liberty to fill up vacancies in the Council, to be approved by the King 
or the Commissioners for Plantations. [Docqv't. Domestic Co/'. /.] 

Jan. 11. Commission appointing Sir Fi'ancis Wyatt Governor of Virginia, 

^\\btminstcr. to execute the same as fully as any Governor within tlie space of ten 
jears last pa-st ; the Council to elect a Governor in case of his death 
or absence. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., irp. 2 1 2-18.] 

Jan I Instructions to Sir Francis Wvatt, Governor of Virginia. 

[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p._ 218.] Minnie only 
that they were the same as those for Sir Wil. Berkeley. [See p.'ii^, 
Aug.? ]"G41.] 


1639. ^*^^-^- 

Jan. IL i. Order of the Privy Council. Upon a representation of the 

Whitehall, merchants trading to Spain, Portugal, the Streights, kc, com- 
plaining that the kingdom is deprived of much trade, the King of 
much custom and many sliips, and seamen of employment, through 
the proclamation forbidding ships to go to New England without 
special warrant ; granting licence to those ships ready to take freight, 
to take passengers thither, but as concerning goods and provisions, 
to be referred to the Lord Treasurer, and declaring that when other 
ships are ready for the like em]iloyment, npon petition of the 
owners, similar orders will be given. [Dmft.] 

Jan. 18. 5. Governor Harvey and Council of Virginia to the Privy Council. 

Have received their letter of 2f) July last, requiring that an inclosed 
certificate from the Sub-committee for Foreign Plantations should 
be observed [see ante, p. 281, No. 122], until further orders on their 
answer to the two petitions therein referred to. Concerning the 
first petition [it ivill he seen that the Suh-commitiee ill their report 
above mentioned call this the seeoucl petition], a proportion of 
anmiunition from every ship trading with the colony was ordered, 
by Act of Assembly of 21 Feb. 1632, to keep up a supply for 
defence, the fort at Point Comfort being then newly finished, and 
contributions have been constantly made ever since. How these 
supplies have been employed for three years past. The King's instruc- 
tions to Sir Fras Wyatt of 24- July 1621, to Sir Geo. YeardJey of 19 
April 1626, to Sir John Harvey of 6 Aug. 1G28, and again 22 May 
1 686, directed that every person arriving in the colony should take the 
oath of allegiance and supremacy. At a Grand Assembly, 21 Feb. 
1632, the fee of 6(/. per poll was enacted to be paid to the captain 
of the fort, who was directed to keep a register of the name, age, 
and birth-place of every passenger. Difficulties of collecting. Capt. 
Hook sued and received payment, and the jiresent captain, by his 
Commission, claims all fees received by him. The King, by letter of 
4 August 1636, commanded a ht place for entry of exported goods 
to be selected, and an officer appointed to keep a register, for whose 
encouragement an allowance or fee out of the commodities was 
directed to be levied. Richard Kemp, the Secretary, was appointed, 
and the Assembly ordered him an allowance of 2d. per cask for 
tobacco and for other goods, after the same rate. The King's 
instructions ; Kemp's proceedings, and " moderate demeanour ; '' 
payments received. As to the three taxations complained of, 
it will be fomid that the first has been established seven years, the 
second in matter of execution seventeen, and payment seven years, 
and the third by the King's commands. In answer to the second 
petition, in which the petitioners complain that they had always 
enjoyed free trade and liberty to unload their goods and commodities, 
without being restrained to one place, the Governor and Council 
wonder at the strangeness of the information and such apparent 
falsities. Do not know what is meant by an order in August last. 
In the time of the late Treasurer and Company no port was allowed 
but James Town. Ai-e not able, through defect in the records, to 
say wiiat instructions were received by Sir Fras. Wyatt, the first 


IGSO, ^^"^■^• 

Governor, aftcv recalling the C'i>inpany".s juitent. Tliose to subsequent 
Guveniurs rt cit.'il. Are i-umpelled to require masters of ships not to 
break bulk until tli.y arrive at James City. Falsity of the accu- 
sation of the ]u'titionrrs. Intolerable abuse of ingrossing commo- 
dities and forestalling the markets, pres-ented by His Majesty's 
instructions. Are required to draw the j^eojile into towns, to effect 
which trade must be confined to one place. Act passed \ast year for 
a ])ortion of land for a house and garden to be allotted to every 
person that would undertake to build upon it. Twelve houses and 
stores since built in the town ; one of brick l)y the Secretary, 
"the fairest ever known in this country for suUstance and unifor- 
mity;" others have undertaken to build framed houses to beautify 
the place, consonant to the King's instructions not to suffer slight 
cottages to be built as heretofore. Have largely contributed to tlie 
building of a brick church. A levy is raised for building a state 
house at James City. Order permitting goods to be landed wherever 
thought convenient until stores were built, found very disheartening. 
Stores already built to hold fiir more goods than have been sent this 
year [i.e., from 25 Ilarch 1638]. Insolencies of some of the 
masters of ships. Believe they are betrayed by those who design 
an alteration in the government. Are credibly informed that spies 
are employed in all parts of London, to invite planters from the 
colony into taverns, and after working upon their weakness with 
advantage of wine, " drain fi'om them some matter of grievance, 
which is straightly written down," and the party thus ensnared to 
justify a complaint without cause. How the King's commands 
to suppress drunkenness and prevent great quantities of wine and 
strong waters being .sold, have been carried out. Rejdy to six 
reasons which the petitioners seem to give against the restraint of 
shipping to James Town. Assurances of their endeavours, by 
example, to encourage staple commodities. Four of their number 
have underwritten " to set the plough on going this next year." 
Have at present a good quantity of seed corn. Are again beginning 
with silk worms, and have presented to His Majesty, through Sec. 
^\■ilnk■bank, a quantity of silk made this year in the country. 
Aeknowledae with thankfulness the favour of being able to clear 
tliemsL'lves from these unjust charges, and request that those com- 
jilaining of grievances may be ordered "to put in caution to prove 
tiie truth of them." [Coj>i/.] 

[Jan. IS.] (I Governor Harvey ami Cuunell of Yiiginia to the Privy Council. 
Have received their letters of 2.5 July last, on behalf of Capt. Sam. 
■Mathews, with report from the Sub-committees, and in accordance 
therewith, have caused all his servants, cattle, and goods to be 
restored to him. Justify their conduct, finding they are charged 
with disoliedience and illegal, liarsh, and severe proceedings against 
Capt. Mathews. Eadorscdlnj Wnulrhank, " Duijhcate, rec. 3 March." 

lor Harvey and Council of Virginia to the Privy Council. 
1 leiiuest of Richard Ell, mariner, for renewal of a grant of 
colony, and to be allowed three years longer to plant it. 

Jan. LS. 

7. Govt 

James Citv. 

Piejmrt U]i 

land in th 




Vol. X. 

Jan. IS. 

James City. 

Tliat Tli().s. Steg'g, a merchant re.siJent tbere, had been examined 
upon Ell's complaint of a breach of trust, but the charge could not 
be maintained, and the land forfeited had been granted to John 
Flud, an ancient planter. Inclusf, 

7. I. Susan Ell to Thos. Stcgg. Directions concerning tobacco 

oiving to her husband by Mr. Osborne, Thomas Clarice, 

and Nathaniel Hoolce. Limehouse, 1636, Aug. 1. 
7. II. Susan Ell to Thos. Stegg. Concerning debts due to her 

husband from the colony. Has received letters from Mr. 

Sypsey and Mr. Osborne. Mr. Drayton has paid Mr. 

Wannerton, the scrivener of Lombard Street. Limehouse, 

use, Aug. 2. 
7. Tii. Richard Ell to Thos. Stegg. Desires he will either speak 

to Sir John Harvey to renevj his prnteut or make it sure 

himself Deal, 1637, Sej-it. 22. 

S. Governor Harvey and Council of Virginia to Sec. Windebauk. 
Have heard with great grief of the many complaints exliibited to the 
Privy Council against them, which have caused their Lordships high 
displeasure towards tb.em. Beg that their answers may be read 
before the Lords themselves vrithout reference to the Sub-committee, 
against some of whom they may justly take exception. Crave liis 
furtherance in presenting their petition to the King, concerning the 
scandals and imputations upon the present Government of the 
colony. Send a parcel of silk to the King, the first fi-uits of their 
late endeavom-s. 

9. Governor Harvey and Council of Virginia to Sec. Windebank. 
By the information exhibited against Anthony Pan ton, clerk, his 
delinquences, and the motives upon which they proceeded to a decree 
of banishment against him, will be more at large understood. 
Desire his favour in case Panton should clamour or complain 
against them. 

10. Richard Kemp, Sec. of Virginia, to the Priv}^ Council. Send 
duplicates of the answer of the Governor and Council to two 
petitions in the name of the planters, traders, and others in 
Virginia, referred to them Ijy the Sub-committee for Foreign 
Plantations for their report. They are much disheartened that the 
Sub-committee should follov/ the same strain, and are informed that 
the chiefest of those Sub-committees have together with Capt. 
Mathews invited divers of the plantation, to complain against the 
Governor and Council. Arguments against any alteration in the 
Government, or reducing it to the old terms. Endorsed by Sec. 
Windebank, " Rec. 3 Mar. 1G39." Incloses, 

to. I. The Governor and Council of Virginia to the Privy 
Council. Duplicate of the long letter calendared ante, 
No. 5. Endorsed by Windebank, "Rec. 3 Mar. 1639." 

Jan. 26. Philip Burlamarhi to [See. \Viii<lcbauk]. The East India Com- 

pany about to wind up their prc,':>ent capital and form a new. The 

Jan. IS. 

James City. 

Jan. 18. 

James City. 


1639. ^'"■•^- 

King lias given a most favoui'able reference to his request concerning 
the Earl of Carlisle, who, he understands, has made an agreement 
with the Earl of Warwick for possession of the Barbadoes Islands. 
Begs he will request Lord Gorin'g to remind the King not to conclude 
any agreement until Burlaniachi's debt is first satisfied. [East Inu. 

Jan. 28. Minutes of a Court for Providence I.sland. Order concerning a 

Warwick Spanish vessel of great value taken by Capt. Diego in the West 
House-. Indies, when in consort with Capt. Newman, and since taken into 
Holland. Capt. Bell expresses his willingness to have all difl'ereuces 
with the Company composed, and moves that they be referred to 
the Earl of Holland, to which proposition an answer is promised. 
[Colonial Entry Blc, Vol. III., 'pp. 347-48.] 

Feb. 12. Minutes as above. Concerning Capt. Bells' proposition to refer his 

diff"erences with the Company to the Earl of Holland. Resolutions on 
several letters received from Capt. Newman and Sir Bait. Gerbier 
concerning the imprisonment of the former. Commission to be made 
out for Mrs. Hart and her associates to send a ship to the West Indies, 
under Capt. John Dell. {Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. S48-4y.] 

Feb. 14. Minutes as above. Copy of Capt. Newman's commis,sion to be 

■\Var\viok House, sent to Dunkirk, read, with reasons why the Company sent forth 
ships to take Spanish goods. Ordered that the Earl of Holland 
should be entreated to move the King that Sir B. Gerbier be written 
to, in Capt. Newman's favour ; heads of the letter. [Colonial Entry 
BL, Vol. III., pp. 349-50.] 

Feb. 1-5. Minutes as above. Instructions for better prosecution of the 

Warwick Huuse.ljnsiness in Holland against Capt. Diego are delivered to John Gos- 

sage, and lOi. on account. Order upon the suit of Mrs. Wells for 

tobacco belonging to her husband, in the Custom House. [Colonial 

Entry BL, Vol. III., p)pi. 350-51.] 

Feb. IG. Minutes as above. Financial condition of the Company. Means 

Warwick House. of discharging the debts of the adventurers, their several propor- 
tions being in round numbers as follows : — The Earl of Warwick, 
2,430Z. ; Lord Say, 2,6G0i. ; Lord MandeviUe, 2,280^. ; Lord Brooke, 
4,150f. ; and John Pym, 3,1 S5Z. To encourage those who will pay 
in their debts and join in the future supply of the island, they are 
ofi'ered a share of the profits of a silver mine " found in an island within 
the Comp. grant," provided also that they contribute to the dispatch 
of a ship for that object. [Colonial' Entry Bt, Vol. III., 2^2)- 

Feb. 10. Licence to Henry Lord Maltravers and his assigns for 21 years 

to stamp farthing tokens, a distinction to be made in those to be used 
in England, Ireland, and Wales ; with liberty " to utter the same" 
in all the King's foreign plantations, except Maryland ; prohibition to 
circulate them or any other base coin upon pain of seizure, reserva- 
tion of 101. per annum to the King, and power to export them 
custom fi-ee. [Bocquet. Dojiestic Car. /.] 


1039. \0L. .V. 

March 4, Minutes of a Court fur Providence Island. Relating exclusively 
Warwick monetary matters, and to the means of providing for several 
payments due upon account of the Happy Eeturn, Szc. [Culonial 
Entry Bk., Vul. III., pp. 353-o o.] 

[March 8. J 11. Petition of Captain Richard Morrison to the Privy Council. 
Not long since he was appointed by letters patent to the command 
of a fort called Point Comfort, in Virginia, vice Capt. Hook, and 
received certain perquisites, which, upon some clamour of the traders 
■ ■ there, have been stopped. Praj^s that the stop may be taken off, and 

he be allowed the full benefit of his patent. With reference to the 
Sub-committee, to report their opinion. Annexed. 

IL I. Report of the Suh-committec for Foreign Plantations upon 
the above petition. The imposition of Gd. per poll for 
l-eeping a register for every passenger arriving in Vir- 
ginia and administering the oath of allegiance to them, 
is very necessary and fit to be continued. 1639, April 2. 

March 16. 1 -. The King to the Governor, Council, Planters, and Inhabitants 
Wtstminster. of the Caribbee Islands, or province of Carlisle. The late Earl of 
Carlisle, wilh great industry and expense, having settled St. Chris- 
topher's, Earbadoes, Nevis, Montserrat, and Antigua, and the pi-esent 
Earl intending witli all convenient speed, to plant cUvers other of 
the Caribbee Islands within his patent, and from those already 
planted with "^sucli store and nuud^ers of people " to take sufficient 
numbers as may begin other plantations, which otherwise may be 
jDOssessed by strangers ; they are instructed to do tiieir utter- 
most to oppose any who may attempt to allure the inhabitants 
from those islands, whereby the Earl will be disabled of sufficient 
people to plant the residue ; and Lord Carlisle having made choice of 
Serj. -Major Hen. Huncks to be Governor of Barbadoes, they are 
strictly enjoined to yield respect and obedience to him. [After this 
v:as signed by the King at Whitehall on the 11th March, some 
trifling corrections were made, and another letter was prepared for 
the King's signature.] 

[March IG.] 13. Fair copy of the preceding, with the corrections and additions. 

March 23. 14. Governor Sir John Harvey and Council of Virginia to the Privy 
James City. Council. Have, in obedience to orders of 29 Nov. last, restored the 
goods and cattle belonging to the estate of Capt. Samuel Mathews, 
to the agents of John Woodall, of London, surgeon. Certify the 
true state of the cause between Woodall, plaintitf, and Mathews, 

March 26. 15. Governor Sir John Harvey and Council of Vu-ginia to the 
James City. Privy Council. In reference to a petition of Lawrence Evans, mer- 
chant, sent by their Lordshi[)s' order of 27 July 1638, complaining 
of a gi-eat abuse by Francis Poythres, a planter in the colony. Have 
directed a commission to fom- of the ablest merchants in Virginia to 
examine whether Poythres was authorized by Evans as his factor. 
; _, Inclose, 

• ' T 2 



\oh. X. 

15. I. Oi'thrr of the Council of Vinjhiia appointing John Chew, 
Tlios. Stegg, Titos. Barhage, and George Ludlowe, Com- 
missioners to report upon the diferences between Euans 
and Foj/thres. 1G39, March 20. [Cojiy, certified by 
Rii-Iiard Kemp, Secretary.] 

l.j. ir. Ill' port if the Coitimissioners. Tliat Fran. Poythres ought, 
according to the custom of the country , ti> han- tfii pminds 
in the hundred for his commission for ijihhIs snid and 
tobacco received for Lavjrence Evans, am/ tlmt KkSJG lbs. 
of tobacco is therefore due to him from Em /is. 1G39, 
March 22. [Certified copy.] 

15. III. Order of the Council of Virginia directing Geo. Brooks, 
the agent or factor of Evans, to 'pay the cdjove quantity of 
tobacco to Poythres. 1639, March 22. [Certified copy.] 

Marcli ? 16. Petition of Kinborough, wife of Capt. Henry Hawley, now 

absent in Barbadoes, to tlie King. Tlie Earl of Carlisle lias obtained 
a commission from His Majesty for recalling tlie petitioner's husband 
from tlie government of Barbadoes, although his grant from the late 
Earl has not yet expired ; this, she fears, -vnll be used for his ruin, 
the destruction of his estate there, the fruits of his eight j'ears 
ti-avel and employment, being most aimed at by his enemies. Prays, 
for prevention, that the King will at the same time declare that her 
husband may, like any other planter, enjoy his estate in that island 
withuut impeachment, and also signify whether he is to proceed in 
treating with other foreign plantations, for a moderation in planting 
and regulating the price of tobacco. 

March 27. 17. Warrant for Henry Hawley, Lieutenant General and Go- 
WestimnskT. yernor of Barbadoes, to go from plantation to plantation and in- 
quire into the excessive quantities of tobacco grown, and treat with 
the several Governors and the inhabitants necessary, concerning the 
remedy of this inconvenience, and the price " they will afford their 
tobacco," with other business, according to instructions. [Draft.] 

March 29. jNIinutes of a Court for Providence Island. Sarsaparilla sent 
Fausley. jiomc by Capt. Newman in the New England ship ordered to be 
sold, and the silk grass to be bought of Mrs. Washbourne. Mr. Finch 
to be spoken to about the carbines in his possession. Demands 
of the master of Capt. Axe's ship referred to the Earl of Warwick. 
Finance. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 355-56.] 

Mai-ch 29. iMinutes as above. Concerning the design of settling a plan- 

I'ausiey, tatioii upon the main continent, or some of the larger islands in the 

ort lumpton. ^^TQ^^ Indies, according to a petition presented to the King. His 

Majesty not having yet given his authority and countenance to the 

undertaking, any absolute resolution to be suspended until May 

next. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 356-57.] 

[March.] IS. Report of the Sub-committee for Foreign Plantations to the 
Privy Coxincil. Upon the differences between Sir Ferdinando Gorges 



April 3. 


April 3. 

April 3. 

April 4. 
James City. 

1639. \nL.X. 

and Capt. John Mason, concerning arrears alleged to be due to the 
former for his share in the adventure of certain ships set out for New- 
England since June 1632. 

Gi-ant to Sir Ferdinando Gorges of certain lands in New Enrr- 
land to be hereafter called the proviace or county of Maine. [Culonial 
Entry Bk., Vul. LIX., pp. 61-92.] 

Abstract of the above. [Colonial Corrcsp., 1620, Nov. 3.] 

Jlinute of the above. [Ihld.'\ 

19. Richard Kemp, Sec. of Virginia, to Robert Reade, secretary to 
Sec. Windebank. The colony is assured by constant reports that 
Virginia affairs are reduced under the old form of government 
by a Company. Sir Francis Wyatt, the newly-elected Governor, 
daily expected. Desires " to be spared from his employment," and 
leave to repair to England ; also his furtherance in the payment of 
bis fees and allowance, which by order of the Lords were lately 
suspended. Geo. Reade, his brother, \vi.shed to have some servants 
sent over ; but has advised him to attend this change before he 
engaged himself further upon the place, " for if their former courses 
in government be pursued, miserable will be the terms of the 

April 23. News-letter [from Edmund Rossingham]. Last week a procla- 
mation was issued to suppress 27 jtatents of monopolies ; but the 
patent to Lord Studing fjr making knight baronets of New Eng- 
England [Nova Scotia (] is left out. It is said these knights shall 
have no other jilace than the law allows them, and there was no 
need, therefore, to put it in the proclamation. [Extract from. 
Domestic Corresp. Cur. I.] 

May 8. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Samuel Border pro- 

Warwick poses that a ship be set forth by the Company " for lading of silver 
°'^^^' oi-e," in the Bay of Darien. He states that the ore is to be had there 
in good quantities, at a place distant 150 leagues from Providence, 
being on a continent, at high water severed from the main ; that it 
is a good place for habitation, and a good harbour, with fresh 
water. That the mine is 12 miles long and two miles broad. Re- 
solved to send ever some pei-sons to prociu-e ore ; also tJiat the 
farmers of customs be spoken with, to deliver one half of the Com- 
pany's goods in the Custom House, the other half being left for 
security of the customs. [Coloninl Entry Bl:, Vol. III., p. S.57.] 

May 12. 20. Governor Sir John Harvey and Council of Virginia to the 
James City. Privy Council. Report upon a reference to them of the petition of 
Thos. Covell, of London, representing that for 30 years past he had 
been an adventurer to the colony, and complaining that upon the 
death of Thos. Kingston, his fiictor, Tlios. Loving, who was married 
to the widow, had po.ssessed himself of the petitioner's estate there to 
a great value. Have caused an inventory to be taken of the whole 
estate, and Loving to enter into bond not to embezzle any part of 
it. Endorsed by Nicholas, " Rec. 1 Sept. 1039." 



May 16. 


May 18. 


May 20. 

James City. 

If. 39. 

May 15. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. A further sum of 20/. 

to be paid for charges of C'a})t. Newman's imprisonment. Demand 
for fi-eio-ht of the Expedition deferred. Proposition.s concerning 
tlie o-old ore communicated to Maurice Thompson. Resolutions. 
[Colorual Entry Bk., Vol. ///., ^>. ;35,S.] 

Sec. Colve to Sec. Windebank. [Pompunne de Bellievre, Seigneur 
de Grignon,] tlie French Ambassador, has complained of an impo- 
sition laid on strangers, by Sir Da\dd Kirke, for fishing at New- 
foundland. The King lias referred him to the Council Board, the 
Lords having been made acquainted by Mr. Attorney with the 
commission granted to the Lord Chamberlain, Kirke, and the rest. 
A firm but fau- answer is to be given, and the impositions laid by 
the French on the English merchants considered in justification. 
[Extract from Domestic Corres'p. Car. I.] 

21. Officers of the Customs to the Privy Council. Certify that 
since their last advertisement no passengers nor goods have been 
shipped from that port for Massachusetts Bay. 

22. Governor Sir John Harvey to the Privy Council. Received 
their order of 2-5 July last, inclosing petition of Ambrose Harmer, 
resident in the colony, to whom the King granted the tuition of 
.Benoni Buck, an idiot, since deceased, one of the sons of Rich. 
Buck, late minister in Virginia, deceased. Long accoimt of his pro- 
ceedings in the business. Implores, on behalf of the colony, that 
no such grants may pass hereafter, being very prejudicial to the 

May 2.3. Minutes of a Court for Pro\-idence Island. The Earl of Holland 

Warwickllouse. elected Governor of the Company, John Pym, Deputy Governor, 
and Wil. Jessop, Secretary. The choice of a Treasurer respited. 
Agreement with Sam. Border about his wages, " if the ore prove 
right .... and if it prove not right." Contract with Mr. Amirant 
to be a minister at Providence ; to have 50/. per anniun, a servant, 
and his diet at the Governor's house. Orders upon Capt. Bell's 
request for an allowance for his cows, and Mr. Gossage's charges 
into Holland about Capt. Newman's consort ship with Capt. Diego. 
[Colonial Eidrii Bk., Vol. III.,iyp. 35S-5;).] 

May 25. Minutes as aliove. Agreement with ilaurice Thompson for 

.sending a ship to .Providence, and hy the way to go to the Bay 
of Darien, " upon some particidar discovery which is conceived to 
be very advantageous and beneficial to us ;" the expenses are esti- 
mated and divided among 21 adventurers ; and resolutions passed 
concerning the division of profits, charter part of the .ship to be em- 
ployed, the Mary, and other business connected with the discover}'. 
[Colonhd Eidrii BK Vol. III., jyp- 359-00.] 

May ? 23. Petition of James Earl of Carlisle, Sir James Hay, and 

Archibald Hay, trustees for the late Earl, to the Privy Council. 
Are informed liy Sir Thos. Warner, Governor of St. Christophers 


1639. ''''''- ^■ 

and Lieut.-Geneviil of tlie Uaribbees, that there is great scarcity of 
ammunition iu those ishinds, for want of which about 20,000 
planters are in great danger, not only of the Spaniards and French, 
but of being devoured by the natives, cannibals. St. Christopher's is 
half planted with French, who receive large supplies, which in- 
creases their power and number, and they insult the English, and 
set forth colonies in other islands within Lord Carlisle's grant, which 
if not speedily prevented, the benefit of 12,000/-. per annum at least 
in duties from that island will be lost. Through the restraint on 
tobacco the poor planters are debarred from free trade, and unable to 
furnish themselves with necessaries, much less to buy ammunition. 
Pray for leave to purchase 20 lasts of powder at the price paid 
by the King, for their encouragement to preserve the islands they 
have gained, and to plant others. 

May 28. 2-t. Warrant to the Officers of Ordnance to deliver to the Earl 

of Carlisle, Sir James Hay, and Ai-chibald Hay, trustees for the late 
Earl, the proportion of powder requested in their above petition, 
upon paying the usual price of ISd. per lb. [Draft.l 

June 6. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Concerning the means of 
raising 6,8001. and the discharge of certain debts due by the Company. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., -pp- 360-GL] 

[June 7.] The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Nat. Butler, Gover- 
nor. Are very glad to hear of his safe arrival. Reasons for sending 
the Mary ; information received of gi-eat quantities of silver ore. 
Complain of his sharing with others in profits which belong to 
them. Explain their patents. Sam. Border has been examined, 
and goes master of this vessel, with instructions to make trial of 
the metal. Indisposed to venture too great a charge upon it. Will 
not subject themselves to men's scorn and derision as others have 
done, when their ships brought home notliing but dirt. Particular 
instructions. Captains Axe and Brent, Lewis Morris and Sam. 
Border, are joined with the Governor "in this employment." Their 
several duties. John Butler is appointed the Company's agent and 
overseer. Capt. Parker to be sent to New England if the ore prove 
good, to hire ships. The "bargain for negroes "has been altered; 
they are to be employed in digging for ore. Planting tobacco to be 
restrained and cotton encouraged. Weavers and spinners are sent 
f)ver with fit engines and instruments ; also brick to build a 
powder house. Have not provided any great magazine, former dis- 
bursements having made but little or no return. Maiu'ice Thompson 
carries shoes and shirts, and things most useful for the inhabitants. 
When once the colony is put into a course of subsisting, either by 
mineral or manufacture, will do their parts. Are inclined to yield 
that trade be left free, as in other plantations. Congratulations on 
the colony's deliverance fr-om the negro rebellion. Direct him to be 
more watchful, and keep them harder at work. Embezzlements of 
Nath. Marston. Prohibitions against fetching ore. Approve of the 
bargain for Capt. Elfrith's negroes ; directions to sell or otherwise 
dispose of them ; also concerning the purchase of cattle, and 



Vol. X. 

freight of Thom|)soir.s ships. Have used all possible endeavours to 
take off inconveuiences " for want of administration of the sacra- 
ment;" hut pray the colony at present to rest satisfied with Mr. 
Sherhard, and to give him and his particular congregation every 
liberty and favour. " God makes no difiVrence between them that 
do foithfully and heartily seek him, though there be in the appear- 
ance of men some diffei-ence between them in opinion arid practice, 
concerning outward things." Hope to make a correspondence with 
New England very beneficial, and entreat him to take away all 
occasion of ftiction among themselves, and of any "breach with 
those Chm-ches." It is hoped that they likewise [of New England] 
will carry themselves moderate, be content with their own freedom, 
and leave others to theirs. Lord Brooke's accounts. Capt. Francis 
and the stores. Robt. WoodfiiU's negroes to be re.stored. Goods left 
in the hands of Thos. Mascall and Rich. Bird. Wil. Browne and 
Ed. Tnrton, who have been condemned to death, to have their 
liberty, but not be allowed to leave the island. [Colonial Entry Bl\, 
Vol.IV.,'pp. 138-42.] 

[June 7.] The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Hiint. Cannot 
at present return a particular answer to wliat has been received 
from him. Conceive that the exceptions against his government 
proceeded from want of experience, not froni willingness to offend. 
Encourage him to go on cheerfully in his public employments. Have 
been disappointed in their desire to send a minister by this ship. 
{Colonial Entry Bh, Vol. IV., p. 143.] 

[June 7.] The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and 
Council. Desire they will give over the planting of tobacco ; can 
give no manner of hopes that it will be worth their pains. Cottons 
will be a certain commodity. Have sent weavers and spinners, 
engines, and other fit instruments, for setting up a manufacture. 
Maurice Thompson will supply a magazine. Free trade for all 
English and Dutch. Forbear to send over any great number of 
servants, until the colony can make profit by and pay for them. 
Good store of provisions to l)e raised in the island. Have laid aside 
thoughts of selling their negroes ; if the number be too great to be 
managed, they may be sold, and sent to New England or Virginia. 
Would have realised 15^. per head by Mr. Woodcock's bargain; 
his death brought great losses upon them. Intimation to those 
inhabitants who expect servants. [Colonial Entry BJ,\, Vol. IV., 
lip. 143-44.] 

[June 7.] The Company of Providence Island to Mr. Sherhard. Acknow- 
ledgment of his services, and the difficulties he has undergone. 
Have been disappointed in their desire to send another minister to 
take off part of his Ijurden. His moderation is much commended in 
having as yet forborne any public administration of the sacrament 
of the Lord's Supper, and thus avoided the discontent of those not 
of his C(5ngregation. Heartil}- wish that they could supjily others 
to administer the sacrament of Baptism to the content of those who 


1630. ^^"" ^- 

wisli it. Entreat that no oftence may be given to those not 
fully of lii.s ju.ignient ani.l practice. Forbear to write more " in 
regard of their great haste and many foul distractions." [Culotiial 
Entry Bk, VvL^IV.,pp 14i-4.5.] 

[June 7] The Company of Providence Island to Cajat. Parker. Have 
received his letters, and thank him for his information concerning 
Natli. Marstou's embezzlements. Hope he will take better care to 
prevent similar abuses hei'eafter. Sorry he is Tiot thoroughly 
furnished with victuals; Mr. Woodcock's death the cause. Are 
informed that the island abounds with all kinds of provisions. 
This ship is sent on a particular design for the Pay of Danen. 
Directions for his guidance in case the ore prove good. [Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. I V., p. 14.5.] 

[June 7.] The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Brent. Have re- 
ceived his letter and approve of his proceedings with his mutinous 
crew. Complain of his having joined with others about the sup- 
posed mine, which he has found in the Bay of Darien, and for 
having forborne to give them advertisement of it. Are willing to 
pass by the remembrance of it, conceiving him to have been misled. 
For his encouragement, he is employed in the further discovery and 
imjirovement of the mine, to which the remainder of this letter 
refers. [Colonial Entry Bl:, Vol. IV., pp. 145-46.] 

[June 7.] The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Woodcock. Have 
received his letters. Have respited sending men till some more 
beneticial commodity than tobacco, of such base value, is undertaken. 
Hope the setting up a manufacture of cotton will put the colony into 
a good state of prosperity. May employ him more to his advantage 
than the following of a i)lantation. Desire his care to assist the 
Governor, also for the fortifications. [C'lonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., 
p. 146.] 

[June 7.] The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Carter. Thanks for 
his advertisements concerning the prizes taken by Capts. Axe and 
Parker, and the goods embezzled. Have sent over his wife with 
three servants at their charge, and hope they may be able to 
reward his good service more liberally. Will never be wanting to 
encourage "such a man as you are." [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 
IV., pp. 146-47.] 

June 7. Commission from the Company of Providence Island, appointing 

John Butler, Mr. Symonds, and one other [not named] commanders of 
the passengers bound thither in the Mary of London. [Colonial 
Entry Bl:,^V<,l. IV., />. 149.] 

June 7. Commission appointing Capt. John Brent, now in Providence 

Isluiil, captain of the Mary of London, according to the instruc- 
tions he shall receive fi'om Capt. Butler and the rest of tiie Com- 
missioners for managing " the design" [of the mine]. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p^).^ 149-50.] 


June 7 ? The Coinpany of Pri)vidence Island to L'apt. Sam. Axe. Have 
received his lettm-. His success not answerable to their expenses. 
Explain that the silver ore, concerning which he bad joined with 
Capt. Butler and some others, is within the limits of their second 
patent. Hope he will take that course which becometh a faithful 
servant. Re(|uire him to forbear all private designs and promise 
encouragement. Embezzlements of Nath. ilarston. Directions 
to be careful in that particular. [ Entry Bl.:, Vol. IV., 
p. 1.50.] 

.Iune7-i2(t. ]\Iiiintes of letters addressed to the Governor and Council of 
Providence and others, by the Company of Adventurers for that 
island, and agreed to be sent thither by the Mary, " being taken 
upon the design of Darien." All calendared under their respective 
dates. [Colonial Entr:j Bl:, Vul. III., ^.^k 361-(i2.] 

June 10. Articles of agreement between the Company of Providence Island, 
and Ant. Hooper of London, merchant, Theophilus Bolton, linen- 
draper, Abraham De Leau, and Capt John Dell, for setting forth a 
ship of 130 tons with 14 pieces of ordnance and 60 seamen under 
the command of Capt. Dell, for taking Spanish prizes in the West 
Indies. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. IV., 2^ 152.] 

June 12. Warrant from the Company of Providence Island, for the appre- 
hension of Nathaniel Marston, for embezzling a wedge of gold and 
some gold dust from one of the prizes taken by Capt. Axe in the 
West Indies. [Colonkd Entnj Bl:, Vol. IV., p. ] 42.] 

June 12. 2.1. Sale of lands upon Long Lsland by James Fan-ett, Deputy to the 
Earl (if Stirling, to Edward Howell, Daniel How, Job »Sayer, and 
their associates, in consideration of barge hire, besides they being 
driven off by the Dutch from where they were i>lanted by Farrett, to 
their i;reat damage, with a sum of monev in all amounting to 400L 
[C rtTnrd cofoj, endorsnl. " Read in duneil 19 July 1672."] 

June 20. Instructions fi-om the Company of Providence Island to Sam. 
Border, master of the Mary of London. After leaving Barbadoes 
to direct his course to the Bay of Darien, and there have some of the 
ore tried by John Butler, the Company's agent. If good, to bring a 
good freight to England, whei'e it will be refined. If it be not of 
value, the ship may be emplo^-ed for ]irizes for one month. Defence 
I if Providence, in case of anv hostile attempt, and disposal of prizes. 
Captain John Brent to be captain. [Cvkmial Entry BL, Vol. IV., 

[June 20.] Instructions from the Compan}^ of Providence Island to Capts. 
Butler, Axe, and Carter. Concerning a further trial of certain ore 
[at the Bay of Darien], information of which has been received by 
Capt. Brent and Sam. Border ; John Butler to be pi-esent at aU the 
trials ; hiring of a vessel to bring the ore to England ; and other 
matters in connexion with it. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. IV., jip. 


Vol. X. 


[June iO.] Instruction.s for John Butler, agent and overseer of the Company 
of Providence Island, of all men employed " in digging and lading 
of a mine of that ore whereof we have been informed." [Colon inl 
Entry Bl:, Vol. IV., pp. \iH-i9.] 

June 28. Minutes of a Court for Providence Ishmd. Concerning ('apt. 

■Warwick House. Newman's deliverance from Dunkirk. [Colonial Eiifn/ BL- , Vol. 
III., p. 362.] 

June 30. Minutes as above, irouetary matters. Four hundredweight of 

Warwick House, sarsaparilla to be delivered to Capt. Newman. Mr. Butler's bills 
for refining to be discharged. Money disbursed about Capt. New- 
man's business. Two negroes in Providence to be restored to Robt. 
Woodfall on his return. Mrs. Carter, desirous to go to her husband, 
to be transported with her three servants free of expense ; both her 
and her husband to have liberty to come home when they choose. 
Rice James, his wife and child, to be transported at the Company's 
charge, he to enjoy such offices upon the island as formerly ; as also 
the wife of Aaron Butcher and servants. John Run d all and Peter 
Gates, a smith, to have their negroes restored on their arrival. 
[Colonial Entry Bl:, Vol. III., pp 362-63.] 

July L Minutes as above. Agreement for payment of 1 ()()/. on account 

^Varwick House, of Cnpt. Wil. Rous, prisoner at St. Lucar. In a letter to the 
Company he beseeches them to take notice of liis long imprisonment 
in the Indies, St. Lucar, and the common gaol ; of his having endured 
many wants and miseries, and become indebted 100? for necessary 
expenses, for which he desires payment ; these miseries having come 
upon him in their service. [Golornol Entry Blc, Vol. III., 
pp. 365-66.] 

July .5. Minutes as above. Caiit. Bell's demands concerning cattle, which 

Warwick House, i^e alleged were .sold by him to the Company. Tlie Earl of Warwick 

promises to discharge all his debts next term. Money di.sbursed 

for Capt. Newman's imprisonment at Dunkirk. [Coloninl Entry 

Bl:, Vol.III.,p.3CA.] 

July 9. 26. Report of the Sulj-committee for Foreign Plantations to the 

Privy Council, upon petitiou of Thos Hill against C;ipt. .Mathews. 
That Sir Fran. Wyatt, the present Governor of Virginia, upon his 
arrisal in the colon}% and ;dso the Council, be directed to put Mathews 
in possession of any part of his estate I'emaining unrestored and 
taken from him upon Hill's complaint, a considerable portion, to a 
good value, being still detained notwithstanding their Lordshijjs' 
letter of 2.5 July "l 638. 

July 11. 27. Serj. Major Henry Huncks to the Earl of Carlisle. Was 12 
weeks on his passage to Barbadoes. Capt. Hawley got there before 
him, who called in all commissions, proclaimed all offices void, made 
the gaol delivery a day of mercy, chose Burgesses, and settled a 
Parliament. Was not allowed to read his commission, but ordered 
to give it up, or his person woidd be seized. The King's letter was 
slighted, Capt. Hawley disputing Lord Carlisle's proprietary of the 


1639. ^'"'••^- 

islaml. The Parliament came to a resolution to choose Hawley 
Governor, and he was proclaimed " with the greatest scorn towards 
3'ou [Carlisle]." ^Vns threatened to be pistolled, if he demanded the 
government. Cannot write one quarter of their designs. Hawley 
is about to go to Florida, and pretends he has tlie King's commission 
for what he does. Was forced to leave the island ; is now at 
Antigua awaiting further orders. Doubts not Caidisle's care Avill be 
gi-eat to get the King to command Hawley to return. 

[1639.] 28. Petition of -James Earl of Carlisle and Sir James and Archi- 

bald Hay to the King. On 16 March last the King, by letter to tlie 
Council and inhabitants of Barbndoes, confirmed the petitioners' 
appointment of Serjeant-Major Huncks to be Governor of that 
island [sec ante j). 291, A'o. 12] ; but Capt. Hawley then in England, 
obtained a commission for treating with foreign plantations for regu- 
lating tobacco, and assumed the title of Lieut. Gen. and Governor of 
Barbadoes. Hawley escaped to the island, set up a popular fiiction, 
and proclaimed himself Governor in opposition to Huncks, who was 
compelled to " relinquish the island." He has defeated the peti- 
tioners from very great debts, withdrawn the fealty, duties, and 
revenues due to them, permitted a great number of the inhabitants 
to be taken away, contrary to the King's commands, and by 
rigorous and revengeful courses caused many to forsake the plan- 
tation. Pray for a speedy hearing of the jjarticulars and for orders 
to Serj. -Major Huncks, or such other person as they 
shall nominate, in the Government, and for repressing the disorders 
of tlie people. Annexed, 

28. I. Thirteen articles against C<ipt<iii) Hriirn Hawley. He 
incited the 2^£ople ugaind Lord Carlisle, and ike usiad 
2)rayersfor him in church were left out by his directions. 
He fireventecl Serj.-Major Huncks from publishing the 
King's cominission appoiiiting him Governor, and in con ■ 
junction vith 80 p'r.son.s woidd not permit the country to 
receive him. He allowed one of his Council and a 
Burgess to speak rebellious luords, and acted himself in a 
most irreverent and saucy manner. These and all the 
new officers were, through his means, factioiisly elected. 
He commanded the common officer to seize Serj.-Major 
Huncks and sharply reproved the master of the ship to 
which Huncks escaped fur entertaining him one night, i(-c. 

July IS. Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 

John Dell, to command the Advantage, to be emploj'ed in the 

West Indies for Spanish prizes. [Minvfc. Colonial Entry Bk., 

Vol. IV., p. 152.] 
July IS. Instructions for Cai)t. John Dell, commander of the Advantage, 

Concerning the taking of Spanish prizes. [Colonial Entry Bk., 

Vol. IV, pp. 152-53.] 

July 23. 29. Report of the Sub-committee for Foreign Plantations. The 

Privy Council, upon iietition of Lawrence Evans against Fran 



Vur.. X. 

Poytiires, recommenci, because of a notoiious deficiency in the 
prosecution by those entrusted by Evans with his cause, that letters 
be addressed to the new Governor of Virginia, now going tlience, 
for a new hearing of the ditferences between tlieni. 

July. Minutes of several Meetings of the Company of Providence 

Island. Articles agreed upon with Capt. Dell and others, for setting 
forth the Advantage to be employed as a man-of-war in the West 
Indies. On 1 1 th July a letter was directed to Capt. Butler, Governor 
of Providence [not found], and on the IStli commission and 
instructions for Capt. Dell were signed. [Colonial Entry Blc, 
Vol. III., p. 360.] 

[July 28.] 80. Petition of the Governor and Company of London for ])lanta- 
tion of the Somers Islands to the Commissioners for Foreign 
Plantations. Have been a Company about 28 years, during vt-hich 
time the planters in those islands are become so numerous that of 
hate, several have inconsiderately dispersed themselves. About ISO 
" transplanted " themselves to the island of St. Lucia last year, 
without provisions or ammunition befitting a plantation, where they 
have been assaulted by the savages, and suffered very much sickness, 
so that not one v.-as in health. Understanding that four or five 
hundred more are ready to leave the island, and that many more might 
depart, because of the increase of people and strangers of the place, 
pray, by reason of an agreement formerly made with the Virginia 
Company, for a grant of land between the rivers Rapahannock and 
Patowmac. Undenrrittcn, is a reference to the Sub-committee for 
Foreign Plantations for their report, 1039, Jul}' 28. 
On the same sheet is the annexed, 

80. I. Report of the Suh-committee to the Commissioners for 
Foreign Plantations. Conceive that a grant of the land 
prayed for by tile petitioners, wh ich is uninhabited and not 
2Mssed to any others, may he very fit and convenient. The 
Company desire that the grant may he exempted from the 
jurisdiction of Virginia as in other similar grants, hut 
if Iiereaftir adjudged to he again restored to Virginia, 
they will also submit their grant. 1639, Aug. 10. 

July 30. 31. Report of the Sub-committee for Foreign Plantations to the 
Privy Council. Upon petition of Edmund Dawber, administra- 
tor of the estate of Sir Thomas Gates, deceased. That a similar 
letter to that written to the Earls of Dorset and Danb}-, and 
bearing date 80 Nov. 1632, be aditressed to the Governor and 
Council of Virginia, on behalf of the petitioner, for the full 
recovery of the estate in that colony, belonging to Sir Thos. Gates, 

Aug. 10. 32. Report of the Sub-committee for Foreign Plantations to the 

Priv}' Council. Upon petition of Anthony Pauton, Rector of York, 
and Cheskiack in Virginia, against Richard Kemp, Sec. of that 
colony. The whole matter should be referred to the new 


1 ...,, Vol. X. 


Governor goiii'i- there, and to the Council, but Sir John Harvey 
and the Secretary shouh:l not assist as Councillors. Recommend, 
the petitioner being willing to return to justify himself, that the 
former sentence should be suspended. 

1039 ? 33. Petition of Anthony Panton, Rector of Yoi'k, and Cheskiack 

ill Virginia, to the Privy Council. Upon report fi-om the Com- 
i.iissioners for Foreign Plantations, letters were directed to Sir 
Francis Wyatt, the present Governor of Virginia, to suspend that 
part of an injurious sentence against the petitioner, concerning his 
banishment. Prays, inasmuch as at the rehearing of his cause he 
has no doubt of establishing his innocence and integrity, that 
directions may be given to deliver his estate, detained by Sir John 
Harvey, who has already wasted part of it, into the hands of 
Governor Wyatt, and in case the petitioner is found innocent, to him to his cure. [Undevivritten is a mem. that the Lords 
first letter was dated 1 1 Aug. 1G39.] 

Aug. 20. 'Si. The Earl of Stirling's confirmation of the sale of lands on 

Long Island, by his deputy, James Farrett, to Edward Howell, Daniel 
How, Job Sayer, and their associates [see ante, p. 298, No. 25]. 

Aug. 3(1. 35. The Company of the Somers Islands to "Our noble Governor 

the Earl of Dorset." In answer to complaints contained in the 
Archbishop of Canterbury's letter, altogether strange to them, and 
which they conceive could not have been if the Governor, Minister, 
and Council had been as suggested. Have always taken care that 
, tlie discipline of the Church of England should be used in the islands, 

an I have sent over Books of Homilies and of Common Prayer, which 
are daily used in their several cliurches, and strict commands have been 
given to the Governor and Council to see their orders obeyed. 
Have to the uttermost of their power, enjoined conformity to the 
Church, according to the Archbishop's and his Lordship's pleasure. 
The Governor and all the officers, except Mr. Golding, were ap- 
pointed long before the present Deputy was elected. YDraft, ivitli 

[Sept. 2.] Petition of Howard Horsey to the King. An annual rent of 
] 2(/. upon every 50 acres in Virginia, reserved to the King, has never 
been paid, and the Receiver General is lately dead without giving 
any account of his service, in regard to his great charges and trouble, 
because of the wildness of the plantation. The rent being a badge 
of sovereignty which ought not to be omitted, and the petitioner 
settled there having great experience, and able to raise the rent to a 
good value, prays for a grant of the ofiice of Receiver General, and 
a lease for 14 years, or the nomination of two lives at a reasonable 
rate, for which he will pay a yearly rent, to be estimated, with ]iower 
to compound for arreai-s, and survey all lands granted by patent or 
order of Court. AVith reference to the Lord Keeper, Lord Treasure)-, 
Earl of Dorset and Lord Cottington to i-eport on the whole business. 
Whitehall, 1639, Sept. 2. [Domestic Car. I., Entry Bk, Petitions, 
1638-40, yx 43.] 


Vol. X. 


Sept. 4. 36. The Company of the Somers Islands to the Governor and 
Council there. The Archbishop of Canterbuiy lias been informed 
that a great part of their Company in general, the Governor and 
Council and others in special, are non-conformists. They are 
therefore strictly required to carry out the directions received about 
two yeai-s ago, that the Books of Homilies and Common Prayer be 
read in all their churches ; that when the Holy Sacrament is re- 
ceived the reverent posture of kneeling be adopted, and that the 
ministers use the accustomed prayers and decent ceremony of 
signing with the cross in baptism. Enddrncd, "Copy of part of the 
letter sent by the Dorset to the Somers Islands." 

Sept. ? 37. Petition of the merchants, masters, and owners of four ships 

bound to Virginia to the Privy Council. For licence to clear their 
vessels, passengers, and provisions at Gravesend, and that the pas- 
sengers may be there examined, and take the oaths of allegiance 
and supremacy as is usual. Annexed, 

37. I. List of prurislons ,>ji ho.ird ih,- ]V!l!;,r,„ ojvJ Sunt, fh,' 
George, the Charliij, oiul the rlmrlcs, ,rlth \m j„issc mjerft 
on e ich [not naoned]. 
87. II. Licence fbr the William and Sara, luith passe, ii/ri's and 
provisions, to 2^ci'SS on her intended voyage to Viri/iiiiii 
1639, Sept. 15. [Draft.] 

Sept. 29. 3S. " Reply to the answer to the descripticm of Newfoundland." 
Ferryland. The hitit design presented to the King by the present Lords Pro- 
prietors of Newfoundland for jDlantatiou, fortification, trade of fishing, 
and imposition of strangers, having been strongly opposed by the 
merchants of the West of England, a brief description of that country 
and the conunodities which might accrue to adventurers was delivered 
to Philip Earl of Pembroke, 2-5 Jan. 163,9. On 7th Feb. answer 
was returned in confutation of tlic piotcudod commodities. This 
paper is the reply divided into eight .s. p umi. htvads : fishing, buying 
and making of salt, making of pot-ashes, Krtwiug and baking, iron- 
works, impositions upon strangers, and trade. " Against our hopes of 
trade " is an account of the barbarous slaughter of Frenchmen by the 
Indians, who, clothing themselves in the apparel of the .slain, sur- 
prised and killed 21 more on the next day. About 20 years .since 
Alderman Guy, of Bristol, who remained with his family two years 
in Newfoundland, especially aimed at a trade Avith the Indians. 
Curious description of the success of Capt. Whittington, employed 
by Guy for_ that purpose. Reasons why tlie Indians, every fishing 
season, do all the mischief they can amongst the fishermen. The 
writer is not without hopes that they may be brought by fair entreaty, 
to trade again, which may lie very profitable, and their Lordships are 
strongly encouraged to proceed in the course begim, because of the 
weakness of the reasons against it. Endorsed bij Archbishop Laud, 
" Rec. Feb. 9, 1 640." 
Sept. 30. 39. Robt. Earl of Warwick to Sec. Windebank. Sends declara- 
Warwick tion of Capt. Newman's case and beseeches him to prosecute their 
°"^'^' [the Company of Adventurers for Providence Island] relief, accord- 


1039. ''"'••''• 

ing to the King's direction. The delaj-s interposed by tlie state 
of Flanders, have been very prejudicial and chargeable. The close 
of the declaration for restitution of the ship and goods in question, 
and release of the master, contains the suit of himself and those 
interested. In closes, 

89. I. State of ike matter in difference, concerning the takinr/ by 
(I freebooter of Bunliii-k of Capt. Thos. Keinnan, and the 
ship and pinnace set forth by the Compctny of Adventurers 
for tlte plantation of Providence Island. 

Oct. 2. 40. Sir David Kirke to Archbishop Laud. Acknowledges his 

Fcrryiand. gciod wishes for their prosperity- in that country, after tlie King, by 
patent, had gi'anted it "to us." Out of 100 persons they took over, 
only one died of sickness. The temperature and general state 
of the country is described at large in the relations t)-ansmitted to 
the Company [see ante, Ko. 38]. The air of Newfoundland agrees 
perfectly well with all God's creatures except Jesuits and schismatics. 
" A great mortality amongst the former tribe so affrighted my Lord 
of Baltimore that he utterly deserted the country." Of the other 
sect, many frenzies are heard from their next neighbouring planta- 
tion, " the greatest His Majty hath in America." Their chiefest 
safety is a strict observance of the rites and service of the Church of 
England. Doubts not but the country will be numerously peopled 
in a short time. Endorsed by Laud, " Rec. Jan. 1G40." 

Nov. 19. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Jolm Pym acquaints 

Warwick House, the Comjwny that Capt. Rous has returned from Spain, leaving his 
friends at St. Lucar engaged to pay several sums of money for him, 
by reason of the small supplies he received for his maintenance. 
An allowance agreed to be made to him, the Company being 
bound by law to incur the expenses of Capt. Rous' restraint. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 3G7.] 

Nov. 27. 41. Minute of proceedings at a Quarter Court of the Somers 

■\VatliDg Street. Islands Company. Concerning Richard Caswell, who confessed to 
having given information to the Archbisliop of Canterbury, as to 
the disciplinp used in the churches in those islands, and the non-con- 
formity of the Deputy Governor and most of the ministers and 
Council there ; he is to be suspended from his place in Court 
until the business is finally determined. Endorsed. " Copy of that 
part of the Court that concerns Mr. Caswell's business." 

Nov. Note of monies to be provided by certain memliers of the Com- 

pany for Providence Island, fur the payment of so much called in ; 
and estimate of the proportions to bo contributed by each ad- 
venturer. [Colon ial Ent, y BL, Vol. III., pp. 368-69.] 

Dec. 9. Robert Earl of Warwick to Mr. Webster. A proposition has been 

made to the Company of Adventurers tor Providence, by the West 
India Company of Holland, for sale of that island. They are 
informed that the Company of Holland are willing to treat respecting 
it. Desire him to speak with Andries Van Hoard, of Amsterdam, 


1C39. Vol. X. 

and ascertain the probabilities of bringing this proposition to a 
reasonable issue. If there are rational encouragement, I'ecpiests him 
to furnish the bearer " the instrument from whom this matter 
received motion first," with money to defray his expenses, and to 
favour him and tlie business with his friendly advice and assistance. 
Eeminds him of Mr. Rudd's business, who has not yet reimbursed 
the residue of the money which came into his hands. This letter 
was written by desire of the Compan}'. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., 2^. 154.] 

Dec. 9. Minute. Some propositions having been made to the Company of 

Providence, about tlie sale of that island to the West India Com- 
pany of Holland, a letter was this day written by the Earl of 
Warwick to Mr. Webster of Amsterdam, as to the probability of 
effecting any tiling thereupon. [Coluii'ud Eninj Bk., Vol 'ill., 
2>. 307.] 

Dec. ] C. Commission to Hen. Ashton, Peter Hay, and others, declaring in 

the King's name, that Henry Ilnncks is ajjpointed Governor of 
Bai-badoes, and requiring Henry Hawley forthwith to yield up the 
office to him. [Mhiute, Colonial Corresp., 1G07, Jan. f).] 

1639? 42. Petition of Kinborough, wife of Capt. Henry Hawley, now 

absent in His Majesty's service in Barbadoes, to the Kmg. Under- 
stands that complaints in the name of Lord Carlisle, grounded upon 
misinformations by those who aim at his ruin, are laid against her 
husband, who is employed in the government of Barbadoes, and 
by special commission in treating with other ]jlantatious for regu- 
lating tobacco. Recites the nature of those accusations ; pretences 
of a great debt due from Hawley to Lord Carlisle; unlawful 
assumption of the government of Barbadoes ; refusal to permit a 
letter from the King to be read, and withdrawing the fealty and 
duties belonging to Cai-lisle, and not permitting the usual prayers 
for him in the Church ; to all of which the petitioner doubts not 
to be able to give satisfaction. Prays that the examination may be 
referred to the Privy Council, so that her husband's innoccncy may 
not be wounded in his absence. 

1 039 ? 43. [The King] to the Governor and Council of Virginia. To 

continue Richard Kemp in the ofliee of Secretary of State in the 
Colony, and Registrar of casks, to certify the invoices of tobacco ; 
granting him licence to come to England on private affiiirs, and 
appoint a deputy during his absence. Endorsed, " The eft'ect of a 
letter which Sec. Windebank is humbly desired by Lords Maltravers 
and Baltimore to get signed for Mr. Kemp." 

1639 ? Instructions for restraining the excessive planting of toliacco ; not 

above 1,200,000 wt. per annum, to be planted during the next two 
years, so that the price may be advanced. {Minute, Colonial Corresp., 

"1609, p.\:\ 

1639? 44. Petition of Samuel Vassall, William Felgate, and Maurice 

Thompson, of London, merchants, to the Privy Council. Have freighted 



1639 ? ^o^- ^■ 

for voyages to St. Christopher's and Virginia, the Anne and the James 
of London, heretofore stayed by a general stay in the Tliames, hut 
released because of the necessity for supplies in those plantations. 
Driven by contrary minds into Plymouth, they are again detained 
to the great damage of the petitioners, having on board 200 
passengers besides mariners. Pi'ay for a warrant for release of 
the ships. 

1639 ? 4.5. Petition of Ralph Wyatt to tlie King. Served in the Isle of 

E-lie, Avhere lie was wounded, but received no recompence for the 
costs of surgery. Has married the widow of Capt. William Button, 
to whom certain land was assigned in Virginia, amounting to 7,000 
acres, which is now in possession of tlie petitioner. Prays for the 
confirmation of it, under tlie Great Seal, in right of his wife. 

Jan. 10. 46. Justices of the Peace of Exeter to the Privy Councih Several 

E.xeter. petitions have been received from merchants, fishermen, and others, 
complaining of injuries in Newfoundland, by Sir David Kirke and 
his company, planters there. The cook-rooms and stages have been 
destroyed, ancl the principal places for fishing disposed of to aliens. 
Taverns, which are expressly forbidden by the Privy Council, have 
been set up by Kirke, whereby the fishermen waste their estates and 
grow disorderly. It is requested that some timely course may be 
taken for prevention of such abuses. Signed by the Bishop of 
Exeter and fifteen others. 

Jan. 10. 47. Order of the Privy Coimcil. Upon petitions of the inhabitants 

of Barbadoes, and of Edward Cranfield and Edward Shelley, now 
attending the King and Council from that island ; directing copies 
of these petitions to be given to Lord Carlisle and Sir Jas. and 
Ai-ch. Hay, who are requested, with all parties concerned, to 
attend on Wednesday the 1.5th, when their business will be heard. 

Jan. 15. 48. Order of the Privj' Council. Upon a petition formerly presented 

Whitehall, to the King, in the name of the inhabitants of Barbadoes, concerning 
the commission for Serj. -Major Huncks to be Governor of that 
island, and the King's letter of approval of 16th March last. 
Declaring that respect and obedience should have been given to both 
those instruments, that Serj. -Major Huncks ought to have been 
admitted to the government, and if there were just cause as to his 
right of the place, their reasons of grievances should then have been 
represented. The inhabitants of the island are ordered to receive 
Serj. -Major Hmick.s, or any other Governor appointed by Lord 
Carlisle, and ratified by the King, and if the friends of Capt. Hawley 
within ten days, put in sufiicient security for -20,0001. to attend the 
Privy Council within four months, he is to have libert}- to repair 
thither as a freeman without impeachment, otherwise the new 
Governor and the King's Commissionei-s are required to send him 
over prisoner and sequestrate his estate. 


1640. ^'^"--^• 

Jan. 1 7. 49. Order of the Privy Council, requiring the Lord Treasurer to 

give directions to the officers of customs to clear the Neptune, of 
Bristol, bound to New England with 12.5 passengers and provisions. 
With list of provisions annexed. 

Jan. 17. 50. Similar order for the Fellowship, of Bristol, with 2.50 passen- 

gers and provisions for New England. With list of provisions 

Jan. 17. 51. Similiir order for the Desire, of New England, with 50 

passengers and provisions for New England. With list of provisions 

Jan. 17. Similar order for the William and George, with ISO pa.ssengers. 

[Minute, on same sheet as the jyi'eceding.] With list of provisions 

Jan. 19. 52. Similar order for the Sparrow, of